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Chang Cuifang - - 2010
To explore glutamine family amino acid metabolism of eight liver cell types in rat liver regeneration, eight kinds of rat regenerating liver cells were isolated by using the combination of Percoll density gradient centrifugation and immunomagnetic bead methods, then Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array was used to detect the expression ...
Senoo Haruki - - 2010
HSCs (hepatic stellate cells) (also called vitamin A-storing cells, lipocytes, interstitial cells, fat-storing cells or Ito cells) exist in the space between parenchymal cells and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells of the hepatic lobule and store 50-80% of vitamin A in the whole body as retinyl palmitate in lipid droplets in ...
Choi Steve S SS Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2011
Repair of adult liver, like many tissues, involves the coordinated response of a number of different cell types. In adult livers, fibroblastic cells, ductular cells, inflammatory cells, and progenitor cells contribute to this process. Our studies demonstrate that the fates of such cells are dictated, at least in part, by ...
Zhang Dianzhong - - 2011
Vitronectin (VN), secreted into the bloodstream by liver hepatocytes, is known to anchor epithelial cells to basement membranes through interactions with cell surface integrin receptors. We report here that VN is also synthesized by urothelial cells of urothelium in vivo and in vitro. In situ hybridization, dideoxy sequencing, immunohistochemistry, and ...
Ruiz Joseph C - - 2010
The availability of suitable human livers for transplantation falls short of the number of potential patients. In addition, the availability of primary human hepatocytes for cell-therapy and drug development applications is significantly limited; less than 700 livers per year are available for such studies. However, the majority of these organs ...
Kornek Miroslaw - - 2011
Microparticles (MPs) are small cell membrane vesicles that are released from cells during apoptosis or activation. Although circulating platelet MPs have been studied in some detail, the existence and functional role of T cell MPs remain elusive. We show that blood from patients with active hepatitis C (alanine aminotransferase [ALT] ...
Meng Zhipeng Z Division of Gene Regulation and Drug Discovery, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010, - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression by interacting with the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) of multiple mRNAs. Recent studies have linked miRNAs to the development of cancer metastasis. In this study, we show that miR-194 is specifically expressed in the human gastrointestinal tract and kidney. Moreover, ...
Lee Jeong-Hoon JH Departments of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine and Healthcare Research Institute, - - 2011
  Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) have immune regulatory functions. Mesalamine is an effective immune regulatory drug for inflammatory bowel disease. Thus, we hypothesized that mesalamine may also modulate the immune regulatory functions of HSCs. Since B7-H1 plays a crucial role in regulating T-cell apoptosis, we evaluated if mesalamine induces B7-H1 ...
Xue Xin-Bo XB Department of Biliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, - - 2010
To investigate the effect of oncolytic adenovirus SG600-IL24 and replication-incompetent adenovirus Ad.IL-24 on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines and normal liver cell line. HCC cell lines (HepG2, Hep3B and MHCC97L) and normal liver cell line (L02) with a different p53 status were infected with SG600-IL24 and Ad.IL-24, respectively. Melanoma differentiation-associated ...
Akkari Leila - - 2010
Cellular differentiation relies on both physical and chemical environmental cues. The bipotential mouse embryonic liver (BMEL) cells are early progenitors of liver epithelial cells with an apparently infinite proliferative potential. These cells, which remain undifferentiated in a monolayer culture, differentiate upon release from geometrical constraints imposed by growth on a ...
Jozefczuk Justyna - - 2010
Hepatic progenitor cells hold great promise as a self-renewing cell source for cell-based regenerative therapies as well as in vitro pharmacological testing. There is a fundamental need to identify and characterize these cells with respect to discriminative marker genes especially those encoding cell surface proteins, which can be utilized for ...
Su Juan J Department of Cell Biology, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Rd. 800, Shanghai 200433, PR - - 2010
During early stage of embryonic development, the liver bud, arising from the foregut endoderm, is the beginning for the formation of future liver three-dimensional structure. While the gene expression profiles associated with this developmental stage have been well explored, the detailed cellular events are not as clear. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) ...
Gan Nanqin - - 2010
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a potent heptapeptide hepatotoxin at high doses, but its underlying mechanism of promoting liver cell proliferation at low doses is unclear. The transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is key in mediating the protective antioxidant response against various environmental toxicants, but emerging data suggest ...
Assimakopoulos Stelios F - - 2010
The regenerative capacity of the cholestatic liver is significantly attenuated. Oval cells are hepatic stem cells involved in liver's regeneration following diverse types of injury. The present study investigated the effect of the neuropeptides bombesin (BBS) and neurotensin (NT) on oval cell proliferation as well as on hepatocyte and cholangiocyte ...
Loh Jing Wen - - 2010
Despite extensive research into the biomedical and pharmaceutical applications of nanoparticles, and the liver being the main detoxifying organ in the human body, there are limited studies which delineate the hepatotoxicity of nanoparticles. This paper reports on the biological interactions between liver cells and chitosan nanoparticles, which have been widely ...
West Matthew B MB Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, 73104, - - 2010
The cell surface enzyme γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) is expressed by human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). HCCs arise from malignant transformation of hepatocytes and are the most common form of primary liver cancer. Identification of tumor-specific, post-translational modifications of GGT may provide novel biomarkers for HCC. The HepG2 cell line, derived from ...
Reichl Franz-Xaver - - 2010
Methacrylate-based (co)monomers released from dental composites can be, metabolized in vivo to methacrylic acid (MA). MA can be further oxidized to the toxic 2,3-epoxymethacrylic acid (2,3-EMA) by cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes. The subform CYP450-2E1, can metabolize xenobiotics with low-molecular weight to epoxides. Oral cells are highly exposed to (co)monomers released ...
Sancho-Bru Pau - - 2011
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells exert phenotypic and functional characteristics of embryonic stem cells even though the gene expression pattern is not completely identical. Therefore, it is important to develop procedures which are specifically oriented to induce iPS cell differentiation. In this study, we describe the differentiation of mouse iPS ...
Yoshioka Toshiaki - - 2010
To study the mechanisms of the highly liver-metastatic character of colon carcinoma cells, we studied the expression pattern of surface integrins on LS-LM6 (a highly liver-metastatic human colon cancer cell line) and the effects of hepatocyte-derived soluble factors on cell migration. LS-LM6 showed significantly higher expression of integrin αvβ5, a ...
Nibourg Geert A A - - 2010
To bridge patients with acute liver failure to transplantation or liver regeneration, a bioartificial liver (BAL) is urgently needed. A BAL consists of an extracorporeal bioreactor loaded with a bioactive mass that would preferably be of human origin and display high hepatic functionality, including detoxification. The human hepatoma cell line ...
Dechêne Alexander - - 2010
Acute liver failure (ALF) is associated with massive short-term cell death, whereas chronic liver injury is accompanied by continuous cell death. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) contribute to tissue repair and liver fibrosis in chronic liver injury, although their role in ALF remains unexplained. Twenty-nine patients (median age = 43 years, ...
Paradis Valerie - - 2010
During liver fibrogenesis, quiescent hepatic stellate cells switch their phenotype toward a myofibroblastic-like pattern with a gain in motility. Here, we show that SCG10 (superior cervical ganglia 10) mRNA expression, a microtubule-destabilizing protein that favors cell growth and motility in neurons, both increases and correlates with the stage of fibrosis ...
Rashid S Tamir ST Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2010
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells hold great promise for advancements in developmental biology, cell-based therapy, and modeling of human disease. Here, we examined the use of human iPS cells for modeling inherited metabolic disorders of the liver. Dermal fibroblasts from patients with various inherited metabolic diseases of the liver ...
Ghosh Somiranjan - - 2010
An understanding of congener specific cellular absorption of PCBs is important to the study of the organ specific body burden of an individual and to their toxic effects. We have previously demonstrated that single PCB congeners induce cytotoxicity, as evidenced by decreased cellular viability and accelerated apoptotic death. There is ...
Wang Hui - - 2010
Pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is not clear. In this study we aimed to identify proteins involved in NAFLD development in free fatty acids (FFA)-induced hepatosteatotic cells and in human liver biopsies. Steatosis was induced by incubating a normal human hepatocyte-derived cell line L-02 with FFA. Differentially expressed ...
Lei D D Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences, Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD 57069, - - 2011
Studies using lower organisms and cultured mammalian cells have revealed that the COP9 signalosome (CSN) has important roles in multiple cellular processes. Conditional gene targeting was recently used to study CSN function in murine T-cell development and activation. Using the Cre-loxP system, here we have achieved postnatal hepatocyte-restricted knockout of ...
Piscioneri Antonella - - 2011
The insufficient availability of donor organs for orthotopic liver transplantation worldwide has urgently increased the requirement for new therapies for acute and chronic liver disease. The creation of an unlimited source of donor cells for hepatocyte transplantation therapy and pharmaceutical applications may be the isolation and expansion of liver progenitor ...
Van Wettere A J - - 2010
A case of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHCC) in an adult male lesser flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor) that was part of a breeding programme at a private facility is reported. Grossly, the liver was markedly enlarged with multifocal, well-circumscribed, pinpoint to 2 cm diameter pale tan nodular masses. Histologically, the hepatic parenchyma was ...
Mitaka Toshihiro - - 2010
Small hepatocytes (SHs) are "committed progenitor cells" that can further differentiate into mature hepatocytes (MHs). SHs can proliferate to form colonies, and the maturation of SHs occurs with the alteration of the cell shape from small and flat to large and rising/piled-up. The hepatic organoids consisting of rising/piled-up cells possess ...
Shintaku Masayuki - - 2010
An asymptomatic 17-month-old male infant was incidentally found to have a hepatic mass measuring 12cm in maximum dimension. The histopathologic appearance of the resected mass was that of a typical mesenchymal hamartoma. Spindle cells that comprised a predominant cellular constituent of the lesion were studied immunohistochemically and ultrastructurally. These cells ...
Wang Ping - - 2010
Although expandable hepatic progenitors provide renewable cell sources for treatment of hepatic disorders, long-term cultivation of hepatic progenitors may affect proliferation and differentiation abilities, and even initiate the formation of malignant cancer stem cells. This study aims to determine characteristics of primary cultured hepatic oval cells after prolonged cultivation in ...
Delgado-Coello Blanca - - 2010
The plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) located in the hepatocyte is a controversial molecule in itself since it displays different features to those regarded as canonical for P-type Ca(2+)-ATPases, and from which transcript expression as well as catalytic activity continues to be under active investigation. Our aim in this study was ...
Carraro Amedeo - - 2010
The ideal bioartificial liver should be designed to reproduce as nearly as possible in vitro the habitat that hepatic cells find in vivo. In the present work, we investigated the in vitro perfusion condition with a view to improving the hepatic differentiation of pluripotent human liver stem cells (HLSCs) from ...
Golbar H M - - 2012
Non-parenchymal cells in the liver consist mainly of Kupffer cells, hepatic stellate (HS) cells and cholangiocytes. To establish base-line data and clarify the nature, this study investigated immunohistochemically the kinetics of these cell populations in developing liver of F344 rats. Samples were collected from fetuses on days 18 and 20, ...
Chang Cuifang - - 2010
To explore gene expression of aromatic amino acid family metabolism and their metabolic pathways of eight liver cell types in rat liver regeneration, eight kinds of rat regenerating liver cells were isolated by using the combination of percoll density gradient centrifugation and immunomagnetic bead methods. Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array ...
Talbot Neil C - - 2010
The PICM-19 pig liver stem cell line is a bipotent cell line, i.e., capable of forming either bile ductules or hepatocyte monolayers in vitro, that was derived from the primary culture of pig embryonic stem cells. The cell line has been strictly feeder-dependent in that cell replication, morphology, and function ...
Firrincieli D - - 2010
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a physiological process occurring in the embryo. In adult organism, EMT could be involved in disease development. In the liver, the possibility that EMT of liver epithelial cells participate to liver fibrosis is increasingly discussed. Furthermore, the involvement of hepatocyte EMT to liver cancer biology has ...
Oliva Joan - - 2010
Mice fed DDC (0.1%) for 10 weeks, and then withdrawn from the drug for 1 month, retain the ability to form Mallory-Denk bodies (MDBs) when the drug is refed for 7 days. The number of liver cells that form MDBs increased and partially replaced normal liver cells, at the end ...
Xu Jing - - 2010
This study aimed to investigate the sonodynamic action of pyropheophorbide-a methyl ester (MPPa) in liver cancer cells to explore a novel therapeutic modality. H22 cells were chosen as model cells to investigate the sonodynamic action of MPPa on liver cancer. The MPPa concentration was kept constant at 2 micromol/L, and ...
Kowalik Marta A - - 2010
Thyroid hormones elicit many cellular and metabolic effects in various organs. Most of these actions, including mitogenesis, are mediated by the thyroid hormone 3,5,3'-triiodo-l-thyronine (T3) nuclear receptors (TRs). They are transcription factors, expressed as different isoforms encoded by the TRalpha and TRbeta genes. Here, experiments were performed to determine whether ...
Zong Yiwei Y Department of Medicine, Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2011
The mammalian biliary system, consisting of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts, is responsible for transporting bile from the liver to the intestine. Bile duct dysfunction, as is seen in some congenital biliary diseases such as Alagille syndrome and biliary atresia, can lead to the accumulation of bile in the ...
Ji Shaohui - - 2010
Studies with hepatic progenitor cells from non-human primates would allow better understanding of their human counterparts. In this study, rhesus monkey liver epithelial progenitor cells (mLEPCs) were derived from a small piece of newborn livers in chemical defined serum-free medium. Digested hepatic cells were treated in Ca(2+)-containing medium to form ...
Talbot Neil C - - 2010
Two cell lines, PICM-19H and PICM-19B, were derived from the bipotent PICM-19 pig liver stem cell line and assessed for their potential application in artificial liver devices (ALD). The study included assessments of growth rate and cell density in culture, morphological features, serum protein production, gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) activity and hepatocyte ...
Wallace Karen - - 2010
Hepatocytes are the preparation of choice for Toxicological research in vitro. However, despite the fact that hepatocytes proliferate in vivo during liver regeneration, they are resistant to proliferation in vitro, do not tolerate sub-culture and tend to enter a de-differentiation program that results in a loss of hepatic function. These ...
Boran Halis - - 2010
Acute toxicity of the pesticides, maneb and carbaryl, to juvenile rainbow trout were evaluated under static-renewal test conditions. Actual concentrations of maneb ranged from 0.10mg/L to 2.00mg/L and carbaryl ranged from 0.20mg/L to 3.90mg/L. The concentrations of maneb that killed 50% of the rainbow trout (3.27+/-0.9g) within 24-h (24-h; LC(50)), ...
Andersland Kristin - - 2010
Certain antimicrobial peptides from multicellular animals kill a variety of tumor cells at concentrations not affecting normal eukaryotic cells. Recently, it was reported that also plantaricin A (PlnA), which is a peptide pheromone with strain-specific antibacterial activity produced by Lactobacillus plantarum, permeabilizes cancerous rat pituitary cells (GH(4) cells), whereas normal ...
Weiller Markus - - 2011
Histone deacetylases (HD) represent a novel target in cancer treatment, particularly for scattered small tumours such as the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, only few studies address the toxicological impact of HD Inhibitors (HDIs) on malignantly transformed cells versus primary hepatocytes. We examined whether and how different classes of HDIs sensitise ...
Donato M Teresa - - 2010
Cryopreserved human hepatocytes and other in vitro systems often underpredict in vivo intrinsic clearance (CL(int)). The aim of this study was to explore the potential utility of HepG2 cells transduced with adenovirus vectors expressing a single cytochrome P450 enzyme (Ad-CYP1A2, Ad-CYP2C9, or Ad-CYP3A4) for metabolic clearance predictions. The kinetics of ...
Wen-yue Xu - - 2010
Plasmodium sporozoites suppress the respiratory burst and antigen presentation of Kupffer cells, which are regarded as the portal of invasion into hepatocytes. It is not known whether immune modulation of Kupffer cells can affect the liver stage. In the present study, we found that sporozoites inoculated into Wistar rats could ...
Pintilie Dana G - - 2010
Earlier studies conducted by our laboratory have shown that suppression of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta)-mediated upregulation of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) by iloprost resulted in a greatly diminished oval cell response to 2-acetylaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy (2AAF/PH) in rats. We hypothesized that this effect is due to decreased activation of hepatic ...
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