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Lukianova-Hleb Ekaterina Y - - 2012
The limited specificity of nanoparticle (NP) uptake by target cells associated with a disease is one of the principal challenges of nanomedicine. Using the threshold mechanism of plasmonic nanobubble (PNB) generation and enhanced accumulation and clustering of gold nanoparticles in target cells, we increased the specificity of PNB generation and ...
Goc Anna - - 2012
14-3-3 proteins are ubiquitously expressed dimeric adaptor proteins that have emerged as key mediators of many cell signaling pathways in multiple cell types. Its effects are mainly mediated by binding to selective phosphoserine/threonine proteins. The importance of 14-3-3 proteins in cancer have only started to become apparent and its exact ...
Mukherjee U A - - 2011
Rationale Mutations in the DJ-1 gene are a cause of familial Parkinson's disease. Dopaminergic neurones deficient in DJ-1 have impaired mitochondrial function and are more susceptible to oxidative stress. DJ-1 is present in the heart but its role there is unknown. Given its beneficial mitochondrial effects, we hypothesised that DJ-1 ...
Xinzhou H - - 2011
Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) plays a pivotal role in several intracellular signaling cascades and has been implicated as a metastasis suppressor in multiple cancer cells including prostate cancer cells, but the mechanism is not very clear. In this study, we investigated the effect of RKIP on cell proliferation, migration ...
Dvir Tal - - 2011
Engineered cardiac patches for treating damaged heart tissues after a heart attack are normally produced by seeding heart cells within three-dimensional porous biomaterial scaffolds. These biomaterials, which are usually made of either biological polymers such as alginate or synthetic polymers such as poly(lactic acid) (PLA), help cells organize into functioning ...
Cooley James - - 2011
Cells must make appropriate fate decisions within a complex and dynamic environment. In vitro studies indicate that the cytoskeleton acts as an integrative platform for this environmental input. External signals regulate cytoskeletal dynamics and the cytoskeleton reciprocally modulates signal transduction. However, in vivo studies linking cytoskeleton/signalling interactions to embryonic cell ...
Azhar Mohamad M BIO5 Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA. - - 2011
Although the function of transforming growth factor beta2 (TGFβ2) in epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is well studied, its role in valve remodeling remains to be fully explored. Here, we used histological, morphometric, immunohistochemical and molecular approaches and showed that significant dysregulation of major extracellular matrix (ECM) components contributed to valve ...
Kikuchi Kazu - - 2011
Recent lineage-tracing studies have produced conflicting results about whether the epicardium is a source of cardiac muscle cells during heart development. Here, we examined the developmental potential of epicardial tissue in zebrafish during both embryonic development and injury-induced heart regeneration. We found that upstream sequences of the transcription factor gene ...
Olaopa Michael - - 2011
Systemic loss-of-function studies have demonstrated that Pax3 transcription factor expression is essential for dorsal neural tube, early neural crest and muscle cell lineage morphogenesis. Cardiac neural crest cells participate in both remodeling of the pharyngeal arch arteries and outflow tract septation during heart development, but the lineage specific role of ...
Zhang Lei - - 2011
BACKGROUND: T-helper (Th) 22 and Th17 cells are implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. The roles of Th22 cells in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remain unsettled. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CD4(+)IFNγ(-)IL17(-)IL-22(+) T cells (Th22 cells), CD4(+)IFNγ(-)IL-22(-)IL17(+) T cells (pure Th17 cells), CD4(+)IL17(+) T cells (Th17 cells), and CD4(+)IFNγ(+) ...
Shaw Alice T - - 2011
Activating K-RAS mutations are the most frequent oncogenic mutations in human cancer. Numerous downstream signaling pathways have been shown to be deregulated by oncogenic K-ras. However, to date there are still no effective targeted therapies for this genetically defined subset of patients. Here we report the results of a small ...
Romanov Vasily S - - 2011
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(Waf1) is known to have alternative functions associated with positive regulation of proliferation, actin cytoskeleton remodeling and suppression of apoptosis. The goal of the present study was to assess the role of p21(Waf1) in the establishment of the transformed phenotype of mouse embryo fibroblasts with stable expression ...
Qu Xiuxia - - 2011
Vertebrate lens development depends on a complex network of signaling molecules to coordinate cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In this study, we have investigated the role of heparan sulfate in lens specific signaling by generating a conditional ablation of heparan sulfate modification genes, Ndst1 and Ndst2. In this mutant, N-sulfation ...
Makovski Victoria - - 2011
The small GTPase proteins, Ras and Rheb, serve as molecular switches regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Ras also regulates Rheb by inactivating the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), which includes products of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes respectively encoding hamartin (TSC1) and tuberin (TSC2) and acts as a Rheb- specific ...
Bremer Edwin - - 2011
In Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) elimination of autoreactive T-cells by FasL/Fas-mediated Activation-Induced Cell Death (AICD) appears to be inhibited resulting in the perpetuation of the inflammatory response and concomitant progressive tissue destruction. Here, we report on a novel strategy that aims to overcome the local inhibition ...
Park Jina - - 2011
Primary synovial cells with high passage number demonstrate increased production of proinflammatory mediators in response to inflammatory stimuli compared with cells with low passage number. This study used synovial cells to learn how different numbers of serial subculture passages affect the production of proinflammatory mediators in response to interleukin (IL)-1β. ...
Eda Hiroyuki - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate whether PI3K (phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase) is involved in IL-1β (interleukin-1β)-induced IL-6 production in A549 (human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell) and human RASF (rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblast). PI3K inhibitor, LY294002 significantly reduced IL-1β-induced IL-6 production in A549 cells but not in RASF, indicating that IL-1β-induced ...
Jia Wenwen - - 2011
Spermatogonia and sperm-like cells can be derived in vitro via the addition of RA (retinoic acid) to pluripotent ES and EG cells. At present, however, these cells have not been derived from unipotent cells. Here, we have generated premeiotic Stra8-positive cells from C2C12 myoblasts following treatment with 10 μM all-trans-RA ...
de Candia Paola - - 2011
The serine/threonine kinase GSK-3β was initially described as a key enzyme involved in glucose metabolism, but it is now known to regulate a wide range of biological processes, including proliferation and apoptosis. We previously reported a transformation-dependent cell death induced by glucose limitation in K-ras-transformed NIH3T3. To address the mechanism ...
Wagoner K L - - 2011
The SV40 T antigen has been used to generate immortalized cells from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) that are commonly used in lieu of primary RASFs. In the current study, we investigated the effect of stimulation by tissue necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 17 (IL-17) on primary and ...
Osei-Sarfo K - - 2011
The Ras superfamily of GTPases is involved in the modification of many cellular processes including cellular motility, proliferation and differentiation. Our laboratory has previously identified the RalGDS-related (Rgr) oncogene in a DMBA (7,12-dimethylbenz[α]anthracene)-induced rabbit squamous cell carcinoma and its human orthologue, hRgr. In this study, we analyzed the expression levels ...
Raina Deepak - - 2011
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells are often associated with constitutive activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) → Akt → mTOR pathway. The mucin 1 (MUC1) heterodimeric glycoprotein is aberrantly overexpressed in NSCLC cells and induces gene signatures that are associated with poor survival of NSCLC patients. The present results ...
van der Weyden Louise L Experimental Cancer Genetics, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, CB10 1HH, UK. - - 2011
Mouse models of cancer represent powerful tools for analysing the role of genetic alterations in carcinogenesis. Using a mouse model that allows tamoxifen-inducible somatic activation (by Cre-mediated recombination) of oncogenic K-ras(G12D) in a wide range of tissues, we observed hyperplasia of squamous epithelium located in moist or frequently abraded mucosa, ...
Cheng Yu - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of retinoic acid (RA) and/or dexamethasone and growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) in the induction of somatotroph cell differentiation. Immunohistochemistry, radioimmunoassay, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol -1,2-y1)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and immune electron microscopy were employed to determine the effect of incubation with these constituents ...
Seo Sung Wook - - 2011
The treatment outcome of synovial sarcoma is poor owing to its resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. The Transducin-like Enhancer of Split 1 (TLE1) is a co-repressor that involves many signaling pathways like cell survival, hematopoiesis and differentiation. Although TLE1 is uniquely expressed in synovial sarcomas, the biological role of TLE1 ...
Guo Jessie Yanxiang - - 2011
Autophagy is a catabolic pathway used by cells to support metabolism in response to starvation and to clear damaged proteins and organelles in response to stress. We report here that expression of a H-ras(V12) or K-ras(V12) oncogene up-regulates basal autophagy, which is required for tumor cell survival in starvation and ...
Wang Qingtong - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic inflammatory disorder that may affect many tissues and organs but principally attacks synovial joints. The pathogenesis of RA is complex and encompasses many cell types, including T cells, B cells and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs); each is believed to play a significant role in ...
Kim Yeon-Gu - - 2011
Constitutively active Ras (CA-Ras) is known to enhance cell growth through the induction of various signaling cascades including the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK signaling pathways, although the cellular response is highly dependent on the cell type. To evaluate the effect of CA-Ras overexpression on cell growth ...
Aarthi J J - - 2011
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a pleiotropic sphingophospholipid generated from the phosphorylation of sphingosine by sphingosine kinases (SPHKs). S1P has been experimentally demonstrated to modulate an array of cellular processes such as cell proliferation, cell survival, cell invasion, vascular maturation, and angiogenesis by binding with any of the five known G-protein-coupled sphingosine ...
Snyder Elizabeth M - - 2011
Retinoic acid (RA) is required for germ cell differentiation, the regulation of which gives rise to a constant production of mature sperm. In testes from 3-day postpartum (dpp) RARE-hsplacZ mice, periodic regions positive for beta-galactosidase activity were observed along the length of the seminiferous tubules. Periodicity was abolished by treatment ...
Oh Young-Il - - 2011
Background/Aim: Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is associated with survival, apoptosis and proliferation in MCF-7 cells. All-trans-retinoic acid (RA) is used as a cancer therapeutic, but the use of RA in cancer therapy is limited by the unpredictable resistance of cancer cells to drug action. Furthermore, the relationship of IGF-I with ...
Ruiz Joseph C - - 2011
The demand for primary human hepatocytes to test the toxicity of new drug candidates and to develop cell therapies for liver disease far exceed the number of hepatocytes that can be isolated from donated tissues. Less than 700 whole livers per year are available for research applications. The ability to ...
Fujiyoshi Masato - - 2011
Liver regeneration is a necessary process that most liver damage depends on for recovery. Regeneration is achieved by a complex interactive network consisting of liver cells (hepatocytes, Kupffer cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells, hepatic stellate cells, and stem cells) and extrahepatic organs (thyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, duodenum, and autonomous nervous ...
Mughal Wajihah - - 2011
Cardiac disease is a global epidemic that is on the rise, despite the recent advances in cardiovascular research. Once the myocardium is injured, it has a limited capacity to activate reparative mechanisms to restore proper cardiac function, leading to the development of systemic heart failure. Autophagy, under certain conditions, may ...
Poulsen Ryan R - - 2011
Sphingosine-1-phosophate (S1P) is a biologically active sphingolipid metabolite that influences cellular events including differentiation, proliferation, and migration. S1P acts through five distinct cell surface receptors designated S1P1-5R, with S1P1R having the highest expression level in the developing heart. S1P1R is critical for vascular maturation, with its loss leading to embryonic ...
Zeng Bin - - 2011
Although recent studies have highlighted the role of epicardial cells during cardiac development and regeneration, their cardiomyogenic potential is still controversial due to the question of lineage tracing of epicardial cells. The present study therefore aimed to examine the the expression of Tbx18 and Wt1 in embryonic heart and to ...
Osuala Kingsley - - 2011
Adrenaline and noradrenaline are produced within the heart from neuronal and non-neuronal sources. These adrenergic hormones have profound effects on cardiovascular development and function, yet relatively little information is available about the specific tissue distribution of adrenergic cells within the adult heart. The purpose of the present study was to ...
Cillero-Pastor Berta - - 2011
Nitric oxide (NO) is a messenger implicated in the destruction and inflammation of joint tissues. Cartilage and synovial membrane from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) have high levels of NO. NO is known to modulate various cellular pathways and, thus, inhibit the activity of the mitochondrial respiratory ...
de la Vega Michelle - - 2011
Deubiquitinating enzymes are now emerging as potential therapeutic targets that control many cellular processes, but few have been demonstrated to control cell motility. Here, we show that ubiquitin-specific protease 17 (USP17) is rapidly and transiently induced in response to chemokines SDF-1/CXCL12 and IL-8/CXCL8 in both primary cells and cell lines, ...
Grindrod Scott - - 2011
Myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) is an enzyme important to regulation of cell cycle and motility that is shown to be upregulated in aggressive prostate cancer cells and tissue. We developed a fluorescent small molecule inhibitor of MLCP using structure based design in recombinant protein phosphatase 1C. Several best fit ...
Cheng Chiang-Min - - 2011
Ras GTPases were long thought to function exclusively from the plasma membrane (PM). However, a current model suggests that Ras proteins can compartmentalize to regulate different functions, and an oncogenic H-Ras mutant that is restricted to the endomembrane can still transform cells. In this study, we demonstrated that cells transformed ...
Brandão Daniel F - - 2010
Autoimmune hepatitis is an inflammatory chronic disease of the liver, which frequently results in cirrhosis. The present study aimed to verify the relationship between plasma cells and stellate cells in autoimmune hepatitis. Thirty-three pre-treatment, 11 post-treatment, and 10 normal liver biopsies were reviewed. Sirius Red staining (for semi-quantitative analysis of ...
Ogasawara Nao - - 2010
Using dodecyl N-acetylglucosaminide (GlcNAc-C12) as a saccharide primer, we investigated the biosynthetic changes of neolacto-series glycosphingolipids in mouse embryonal carcinoma F9 cells during differentiation induced by retinoic acid plus dibutyryl cyclic AMP (RA/dbcAMP). In the differentiated cells, the glycosylation of GlcNAc-C12 was greatly enhanced. The sugar compositions of glycosylated primers ...
Lu Hong - - 2010
To establish an optimal method to isolate and culture human embryonic stem (hES) cells from discarded blastocysts and to differentiate these cells into hepatocyte-like cells. Discarded human blastocysts of days 5-6 were cultured on mouse embryonic fibroblast cell feeder layers. Cells from the inner cell mass were isolated and subsequently ...
Chang Cuifang - - 2010
To explore glutamine family amino acid metabolism of eight liver cell types in rat liver regeneration, eight kinds of rat regenerating liver cells were isolated by using the combination of Percoll density gradient centrifugation and immunomagnetic bead methods, then Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array was used to detect the expression ...
Senoo Haruki - - 2010
HSCs (hepatic stellate cells) (also called vitamin A-storing cells, lipocytes, interstitial cells, fat-storing cells or Ito cells) exist in the space between parenchymal cells and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells of the hepatic lobule and store 50-80% of vitamin A in the whole body as retinyl palmitate in lipid droplets in ...
Choi Steve S - - 2011
Repair of adult liver, like many tissues, involves the coordinated response of a number of different cell types. In adult livers, fibroblastic cells, ductular cells, inflammatory cells, and progenitor cells contribute to this process. Our studies demonstrate that the fates of such cells are dictated, at least in part, by ...
Zhang Dianzhong - - 2011
Vitronectin (VN), secreted into the bloodstream by liver hepatocytes, is known to anchor epithelial cells to basement membranes through interactions with cell surface integrin receptors. We report here that VN is also synthesized by urothelial cells of urothelium in vivo and in vitro. In situ hybridization, dideoxy sequencing, immunohistochemistry, and ...
Ruiz Joseph C - - 2010
The availability of suitable human livers for transplantation falls short of the number of potential patients. In addition, the availability of primary human hepatocytes for cell-therapy and drug development applications is significantly limited; less than 700 livers per year are available for such studies. However, the majority of these organs ...
Meng Zhipeng - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression by interacting with the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) of multiple mRNAs. Recent studies have linked miRNAs to the development of cancer metastasis. In this study, we show that miR-194 is specifically expressed in the human gastrointestinal tract and kidney. Moreover, ...
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