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Fromm Jonathan R - - 2012
Flow cytometry is an established technique to immunophenotype hematopoietic neoplasms. While the diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) has commonly been made using paraffin sections, we have recently demonstrated that the neoplastic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of CHL can be identified by flow cytometry. Using 6- and 9-color flow ...
Lopez-Beltran Antonio - - 2012
To analyze whether cell proliferation and apoptotic indexes in needle biopsies with prostate cancer Gleason 6 or 7 can identify more objectively Gleason score 6 or 7 in needle biopsy samples. Seventy patients diagnosed by needle biopsy and treated by radical prostatectomy were included. Fifty cases were Gleason score 6 ...
Hu Zhongyi - - 2012
Anterior-gradient 2 (AGR2), overexpressed in many tumors including prostate cancer (PCa), is implicated in stimulation of cell proliferation, adhesion, anti-apoptosis, and cell cycle regulation. Here, a potential role of AGR2 in cellular senescence was investigated. We first observed that AGR2 was overexpressed in Chinese Han PCa tissues and had a ...
Zhou Jian J Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2012
Nkx3.1 is a homeoprotein transcription factor (TF) that inhibits proliferation of prostate epithelial cells (PECs) and acts as a tumor suppressor for prostate cancer (PCa). Because TFs classically function within the cells that produce them, Nkx3.1-induced growth inhibition was considered to occur in a cell-autonomous manner. We, however, found that ...
Torricelli P - - 2012
To establish a system to study differentiation therapy drugs, we used the androgen-independent human prostate PC-3 tumor cell line as a target and α- and γ-tocopherol as inducers. Effects of α- and γ-tocopherol on the cell cycle, proliferation and differentiation, were examined. A more significant growth inhibition activity for γ- ...
Zheng Wei - - 2012
Exposure to soy isoflavones has been associated with low mortality of prostate cancer. In this study, we examined the effects of (±)equol and two representative isoflavones, daidzein and genistein, on migration and invasion in human prostate cancer DU145 cells. First of all, the three regents did not show significant growth ...
Danquah Michael - - 2012
PURPOSE: Overexpression of the androgen receptor (AR) and anti-apoptotic genes including X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) provide tumors with a proliferative advantage. Therefore, our objective was to determine whether novel antiandrogen (CBDIV17) and XIAP inhibitor based combination therapy can treat advanced prostate cancer. METHODS: CBDIV17 and embelin-6g were synthesized ...
Wang Yongzhi - - 2012
In recent years, the transient receptor potential melastatin member 8 (TRPM8) channel has emerged as a promising prognostic marker and putative therapeutic target in prostate cancer. We have found that forced overexpression of TRPM8 in PC-3 cells can inhibit the cell proliferation and motility probably through the TRPM8 activation. In ...
Germann Markus - - 2012
Castration is the standard therapy for advanced prostate cancer (PC). Although this treatment is initially effective, tumors invariably relapse as incurable, castration-resistant PC (CRPC). Adaptation of androgen-dependent PC cells to an androgen-depleted environment or selection of pre-existing, CRPC cells have been proposed as mechanisms of CRPC development. Stem cell (SC)-like ...
Liu Alvin Y AY Department of Urology and Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
Many cell types have no known functional attributes. In the bladder and prostate, basal epithelial and stromal cells appear similar in cytomorphology and share several cell surface markers. Their total gene expression (transcriptome) should provide a clear measure of the extent to which they are alike functionally. Since urologic stromal ...
Theodossiou Theodossis Athanassios - - 2012
Recently a non-genomic cytotoxic component of the chemotherapeutic agent tamoxifen has been identified that predominantly triggers mitochondrial events. The present study delineates the intracellular fate of tamoxifen and studies its interaction with a spectrum of homeostasis modulators primarily relevant to mitochondria. The subcellular localization of tamoxifen was assessed by confocal ...
Hanna Jacob - - 2012
Cells are routinely cryopreserved for investigative and therapeutic applications. The most common cryoprotective agent (CPA), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), is toxic, and must be removed before cells can be used. This study uses a microfluidic device in which three streams flow vertically in parallel through a rectangular channel 500 µm in depth. ...
Pan Xue-Yang - - 2012
Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), one of the bioactive extracts found in ginseng root, was reported to have anti-cancer activity in various cancer models. The anti-proliferation effect of Rg3 on prostate cancer cells has been well reported. To test whether Rg3 has an anti-metastatic effect on prostate cancer, we treated a highly ...
Isaacs John T - - 2012
Cell culture/xenograft and gene arrays of clinical material document that development of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cells involves acquisition of adaptive auto-regulation resulting in >25-fold increase in Androgen Receptor (AR) protein expression in a low androgen environment. Such adaptive AR increase paradoxically is a liability in castrated hosts, however, ...
Lee Soo Ok - - 2012
Early study reported the differential roles of androgen receptor (AR) in different types of prostate cancer cells of luminal, basal intermediate, and stromal. In vivo cancer mouse model studies using the total prostate epithelial knockout mice (pes-ARKO) also revealed that AR played a suppressive role in proliferation of the CK5+/CK8+ ...
Déziel Bob - - 2012
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, and its prevalence is expected to increase appreciably in the coming decades. As such, more research is necessary to understand the etiology, progression and possible preventative measures to delay or to stop the development of this disease. Recently, ...
Satomi Yoshiko - - 2012
Background/Aim: The antitumor effect of fucoxanthin, a marine carotenoid found in brown algae, was investigated on prostate cancer cells. LNCap prostate cancer cells were treated with fucoxanthin and the effects were evaluated in relation to cell proliferation, cell cycle, expression of growth arrest, DNA damage-inducible protein (GADD45) genes, and phosphorylation ...
Mahoney Simon - - 2012
Phenoxodiol is an isoflavone derivative that has been shown to elicit cytotoxic effects against a broad range of human cancers. We examined the effect of phenoxodiol on cell death pathways on the prostate cell lines LNCaP, DU145 and PC3, representative of different stages of prostate cancer, and its effects on ...
Lipiec Ewelina W - - 2012
The aim of this research was to find out whether the passage number effect may influence on the PC-3 cells (the human prostate cancer line derived from bone metastases) response to proton radiation. 2 MeV horizontally focused proton microbeam was used as a radiation source. The cells were treated with ...
Iranshahi Mehrdad - - 2012
A new glucoalkaloid, vespertilioside, together with three known alkaloids, including 11- β-methoxyglucoerysovine, erysotrine, and hypaphorine, were isolated from the fruits of E. VESPERTILIO Benth. In addition, three known isoflavonoids, including phaseollin, alpiniumisoflavone, and phaseollidin, were identified from the plant stems. The structures of compounds were determined by 1D/2D NMR and mass ...
Nishimura Shin-Ichiro - - 2012
Inhibited: N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) derivatives with a fluorine atom at the C4 position (2-4) were synthesized, and their ability to inhibit cancer-cell growth was investigated. The administration of these 4F-GlcNAc derivatives to cells lead to the unnatural sugar nucleotide 1. Furthermore, N-glycan profiles of cells were determined by using a glycoblotting-based ...
Teng Yong - - 2012
Inactivation of HSP90 and HSP70 leads to loss of invasion in a variety of cancer cell types, presumably as a result of destabilization of, as yet, undefined clients of these molecular chaperones that influence this phenotype. The WASF3 gene has been shown to be up-regulated in high-grade tumors and its ...
Cao Kai-Yuan - - 2012
PSM-E is a newly discovered alternatively spliced variant of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). In the current study, its role on the proliferation, invasiveness and migration in prostate cancer cell lines was analyzed. PSM-E and PSMA (as a comparison) eukaryotic expression vectors pcDNA3.0/PSM-E and pcDNA3.0/PSMA were constructed, validated by RT-PCR and ...
Wang Yu - - 2012
Five new diketopiperazines, prenylcyclotryprostatin B (1), 20-hydroxycyclotryprostatin B (2), 9-hydroxyfumitremorgin C (3), 6-hydroxytryprostatin B (4), and spirogliotoxin (5), were isolated from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus fumigatus YK-7, along with nine known compounds, 6-14. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, and their antiproliferative effects on human leukemic monocyte lymphoma U937 ...
Lazar Daniel C - - 2012
Many important experiments in cancer research are initiated with cell line data analysis due to the ease of accessibility and utilization. Recently, the ability to capture and characterize circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has become more prevalent in the research setting. This ability to detect, isolate and analyze CTCs allows us ...
Kaini Ramesh R - - 2012
Androgen deprivation therapy, one of the standard treatments for prostate cancer (PCa) induces apoptosis, as well as autophagy in androgen-responsive PCa cells. As autophagy can promote either cell survival or death, it is important to understand its role in PCa treatment. The objective of this study was to elucidate the ...
Nielsen Tina S - - 2012
Intake of dietary phyto-oestrogens has received a great deal of attention owing to their potential influence on hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. Cows' milk contains phyto-oestrogens and the content varies according to the composition of the feed and the type and amount of legumes used. In this ...
Castilla Carolina - - 2012
PTPL1, a non-receptor type protein tyrosine phosphatase, has been involved in the regulation of apoptosis and invasiveness of various tumour cell types, but its role in prostate cancer remained to be investigated. We report here that downregulation of PTPL1 by small interfering RNA in PC3 cells decreases cell proliferation and ...
Li Jieli - - 2012
The heart is the first organ to form and become functional in a developing embryo and its proper function is critical for most, if not all, subsequent stages of an animal's development. The formation of the heart relies heavily upon the rapid proliferation of cardiomyocytes at a specific stage during ...
Sacca Paula Alejandra - - 2012
Background/Aims: Adipose microenvironment is involved in signaling pathways that influence prostate cancer (PCa) progression. However, the role of human periprostatic adipose tissue (PPAT) from patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) has not been studied and compared to that of PPAT from PCa patients. The aim of this paper was to ...
Washiya Kiyotada - - 2012
Objective: Since well-differentiated adenocarcinoma cells of the lung (G1 cancer cells) show mild atypia, their differentiation from benign columnar epithelial cells (benign cells) is often difficult based on morphology. We performed discriminant analysis to distinguish benign from malignant cells by measuring 3-dimensional (3D) changes in nuclear luminance. Study Design: Discriminant ...
Zhou Bin - - 2012
Epicardium is the outer cell layer of the heart. Its integrity and function are essential for normal heart development. To study the role of epicardium in both fetal and adult hearts, it is desirable to isolate and culture pure populations of these cells. Here we describe methods with Cre-loxP technology ...
Kessler Daniel - - 2012
Background: The closely related GTPases Rab11 and Rab25 promote cell migration by regulating vesicular transport and recycling of surface receptors. Rab25 carries a constitutively activating mutation in its GTPase domain. Increased expression of Rab25 has been associated with the aggressiveness of migrating tumor cells. Here, we aimed to elucidate potential ...
Hsieh Tze-Chen - - 2012
The polyphenol piceatannol has shown inhibition against tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. Whether piceatannol also exerts activity on the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a kinase involved in growth control of eukaryotic cells, is not known. In this study, we tested the effects of piceatannol on proliferation of androgen-dependent (AD) LNCaP ...
Rao K Vk - - 2012
Background: Turmeric (Curcuma longa) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antitumor properties. However, despite the progress in research with C. longa, there is still a big lacuna in the information on the active principles and their molecular targets. More particularly very little is known about the role of ...
Hattori Akihiro - - 2012
We have demonstrated the efficacy of a microfluidic medium exchange method for single cells using passive centrifugal force of a rotating microfluidic-chip based platform. At the boundary of two laminar flows at the gathering area of two microfluidic pathways in a Y-shape, the cells were successfully transported from one laminar ...
Schmukler Eran - - 2012
Growth factors activating the ErbB receptors have been described in prostate tumors. The androgen dependent prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP, expresses the ErbB-1, ErbB-2 and ErbB-3 receptor tyrosine kinases. Previously, it was demonstrated that NRG activates ErbB-2/ErbB-3 heterodimers to induce LNCaP cell death, whereas, EGF activates ErbB-1/ErbB-1 or ErbB-1/ErbB-2 dimers ...
Kharaziha P - - 2012
Sorafenib, a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, kills more effectively the non-metastatic prostate cancer cell line 22Rv1 than the highly metastatic prostate cancer cell line PC3. In 22Rv1 cells, constitutively active STAT3 and ERK are targeted by sorafenib, contrasting with PC3 cells, in which these kinases are not active. Notably, overexpression of ...
Lin Hui-Ping - - 2012
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) treatment suppressed proliferation, colony formation, and cell cycle progression in PC-3 human prostate cancer cells. CAPE decreased protein expression of cyclin D1, cyclin E, SKP2, c-Myc, Akt1, Akt2, Akt3, total Akt, mTOR, Bcl-2, Rb, as well as phosphorylation of Rb, ERK1/2, Akt, mTOR, GSK3α, GSK3β, ...
Walker Kelly-Ann D - - 2012
In this study scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) has been utilised in conjunction with quantum dot labelling to interrogate the biomolecular composition of cell membranes. The technique overcomes the limits of optical diffraction found in standard fluorescence microscopy and also yields vital topographic information. The technique has been applied to ...
Wang Piwen - - 2012
We previously demonstrated that 50% of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) was present in methylated form (4″-MeEGCG) in human prostate tissue, which is less bioactive. We therefore investigated whether quercetin, a natural inhibitor of catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT), will inhibit EGCG methylation leading to enhanced antiproliferative activity of EGCG in prostate cancer cells. ...
Wilson Catherine - - 2012
The current study was undertaken to characterize the effect of anti-metabolites on inducing CXCL8 signaling and determining whether the constitutive and/or drug-induced CXCL8 signaling in metastatic prostate cancer (CaP) cells modulates their sensitivity to this class of agent. The response of metastatic CaP cells to 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), Pemetrexed or Tomudex ...
Jia Dongxuan - - 2012
Invasion is an important early step in the metastatic cascade and is the primary cause of death of prostate cancer patients. In order to invade, cells must detach from the primary tumor. Cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions are important regulators of cohesion--a property previously demonstrated to mediate cell detachment and invasion. ...
Laschak Martin - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) and its oxidative reaction products have been repeatedly shown to block steroid receptor function via nitrosation of zinc finger structures in the DNA-binding domain (DBD). In consequence NO-donors could be of special interest for the treatment of deregulated androgen receptor(AR)-signaling in castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Prostate ...
Guo Changyong - - 2012
Human prostate basal cells expressing alpha-6 integrin (CD49f(Hi)) and/or CD44 form prostaspheres in vitro. This functional trait is often correlated with stem/progenitor (S/P) activity, including the ability to self-renew and induce differentiated tubules in vivo. Antigenic profiles that distinguish tubule-initiating prostate stem cells (SCs) from progenitor cells (PCs) and mature ...
Aimola Pierpaolo - - 2012
Cadmium, a widespread toxic pollutant of occupational and environmental concern, is a known human carcinogen. The prostate is a potential target for cadmium carcinogenesis, although the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Furthermore, cadmium may induce cell death by apoptosis in various cell types, and it has been hypothesized that a ...
Beha Germana - - 2012
Myoepithelium is present in canine mammary tumors as resting and proliferative suprabasal and spindle and stellate interstitial cells. The aim of this paper was to evaluate a panel of markers for the identification of four different myoepithelial cell morphological types in the normal and neoplastic mammary gland and to investigate ...
Sterenczak Katharina A - - 2012
Cell lines represent a key tool in cancer research allowing the generation of neoplasias which resemble initial tumours in in-vivo animal models. The characterisation of early tumour development is of major interest in order to evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic agents. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based in-vivo characterisation allows visualisation ...
Stieler Kristin - - 2012
22Rv1 is a common prostate cancer cell line used in xenograft mouse experiments as well as in vitro cell culture assays to study aspects of prostate cancer tumorigenesis. Recently, this cell line was shown to harbor multiple copies of a gammaretrovirus, called XMRV, integrated in its genome. While the original ...
Li Xiang - - 2012
Oridonin (ORI) could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. However, the mechanism is not fully understood. Human prostate cancer (HPC) cells were cultured in vitro and cell viability was detected by the CCK-8 assay. The ultrastructure changes were observed under transmission electron microscope (TEM). Chemical ...
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