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Golovine Konstantin V KV Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, - - 2013
Androgen receptor (AR) signaling is regarded as the driving force in prostate carcinogenesis, and its modulation represents a logical target for prostate cancer (PC) prevention and treatment. Natural products are the most consistent source of small molecules for drug development. In this study, we investigate the functional impact of piperlongumine ...
Grubisha Melanie J MJ Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, - - 2012
The tumor microenvironment plays a critical role in supporting cancer cells particularly as they disengage from limitations on their growth and motility imposed by surrounding nonreactive stromal cells. We show here that stromal-derived androgenic precursors are metabolized by DU145 human prostate cancer (PCa) cells to generate ligands for estrogen receptor-β, ...
Shi Qian - - 2012
In our continuing study of curcumin analogs as potential anti-prostate cancer drug candidates, 15 new curcumin analogs were designed, synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicity against two human prostate cancer cell lines, androgen-dependent LNCaP and androgen-independent PC-3. Twelve analogs (5-12, 15, 16, 19, and 20) are conjugates of curcumin (1) or ...
Yamazaki Hiroyuki - - 2012
The extract of an Indonesian marine sponge Haliclona sp. showed potent cytotoxicity against human solid cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (breast), LNCap (prostate), Caco-2 (colon) and HCT-15 (colon) cells. Study on nuclear morphological changes and flow cytometric analysis suggested that the component(s) in the extract would induce an apoptosis to these ...
Aranda Nuri - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that iodine per se could be implicated in the physiology of several organs that can internalize it. In thyroid and breast cancer, iodine treatments inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis through a direct (mitochondria) and/or indirect effect (iodolipid generation). Here, we determined the uptake of iodide (I(-) ...
Kim Su-Hwa - - 2012
Menthol, a naturally occurring monoterpene, is used in foods, cosmetic products, and topical therapeutic preparations. It also exerts cytotoxic activity against several cancer cell types, including prostate cancer cells. However, little is known about the mechanism of menthol action against prostate cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effect ...
Jeong Chang Wook - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of induction and knocking down of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and/or -2α on tumor biology in androgen insensitive prostate cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The induction patterns of HIF-1α and -2α after treatment with ZnSO(4) were evaluated in PC3 ...
Nishimori Hikaru - - 2012
Functional interactions between cancer cells and the bone microenvironment contribute to the development of bone metastasis. Although the bone metastasis of prostate cancer is characterized by increased ossification, the molecular mechanisms involved in this process are not fully understood. Here, the roles of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in the interactions ...
Patil Shivaputra A - - 2012
As a continuation of our efforts to discover and develop small molecules as anticancer agents, we identified GRI-394837 as an initial hit from similarity search on RGD and its analogs. Based on GRI-394837, we designed and synthesized a focused set of novel chromenes (4a-e) in a single step using microwave ...
Ni Xiaochen - - 2012
Curcumin (CUR) is a natural agent that has been demonstrated to effectively inhibit prostate cancer growth. However, natural CUR is relatively unstable and can be easily degraded in vivo. Therefore, it is essential to develop other stable curcuminoids. Demethoxycurcumin (DMC) is a candidate that has been verified in several tumor ...
Yamamoto Kosuke - - 2012
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) is a membrane-bound protease that cleaves various cell surface proteins including cytokines and cytokine receptors. Recently it was shown that ADAM17 is highly expressed on the surface of many cancer cells whereas normal cells express low levels of ADAM17, implying ADAM17 as a potential ...
Itoh Tomohiro - - 2012
Bone metastasis is often occurs in patients with prostate cancer. There is a vicious cycle for bone metastases involving prostate cancer cells, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts. Acting among those cells during the process of metastasis are several molecules such as bone morphogenetic proteins, platelet-derived growth factor, endothelin-1, matrix metalloproteases, vascular endothelial ...
Samel Mari - - 2012
Three cancer cell lines, the human androgen independent prostate cancer PC-3, androgen dependent LNCaP prostate cancer and human chronic myeloid leukaemia cell line K-562, were treated with Sephadex G-100 sf fractions of Vipera lebetina venom and with HUVEC apoptosis inducing heterodimeric metalloproteinase (VLAIP) from the same venom. The venom was ...
Kim Yuri - - 2012
The growing incidence of prostate cancer and the traditional use of Rubus coreanus Miquel (RCM) for prostate health led us to compare RCM extracts and to test their efficacy in inhibiting the growth of prostate cancer cells differing in androgen dependency. Ethanol extracts of unripe RCM (EUR) were more effective ...
Zhang Ping - - 2012
The human WWOX gene, known as WW domain-containing oxidoreductase, is located on 16q23.3-24.1, a chromosome region that spans the common fragile site, FRA16D. Abnormal transcripts or even loss of expression are frequently found in a number of cancer cell types, including breast, ovarian, prostate and lung cancer cells. It has ...
Lin F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Sox2 is a major transcription factor and the transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α)/EGFR autocrine loop is a hallmark of prostate cancer progression. In this study, we have evaluated the effects and potential mechanisms of Sox2 on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and investigated effects of TGF-α on expression of Sox2 on ...
Fromm Jonathan R - - 2012
Flow cytometry is an established technique to immunophenotype hematopoietic neoplasms. While the diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) has commonly been made using paraffin sections, we have recently demonstrated that the neoplastic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of CHL can be identified by flow cytometry. Using 6- and 9-color flow ...
Lopez-Beltran Antonio A Unit of Anatomic Pathology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cordoba University Medical School, Cordoba, Spain. - - 2012
To analyze whether cell proliferation and apoptotic indexes in needle biopsies with prostate cancer Gleason 6 or 7 can identify more objectively Gleason score 6 or 7 in needle biopsy samples. Seventy patients diagnosed by needle biopsy and treated by radical prostatectomy were included. Fifty cases were Gleason score 6 ...
Hu Zhongyi - - 2012
Anterior-gradient 2 (AGR2), overexpressed in many tumors including prostate cancer (PCa), is implicated in stimulation of cell proliferation, adhesion, anti-apoptosis, and cell cycle regulation. Here, a potential role of AGR2 in cellular senescence was investigated. We first observed that AGR2 was overexpressed in Chinese Han PCa tissues and had a ...
Zhou Jian J Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2012
Nkx3.1 is a homeoprotein transcription factor (TF) that inhibits proliferation of prostate epithelial cells (PECs) and acts as a tumor suppressor for prostate cancer (PCa). Because TFs classically function within the cells that produce them, Nkx3.1-induced growth inhibition was considered to occur in a cell-autonomous manner. We, however, found that ...
Torricelli P - - 2012
To establish a system to study differentiation therapy drugs, we used the androgen-independent human prostate PC-3 tumor cell line as a target and α- and γ-tocopherol as inducers. Effects of α- and γ-tocopherol on the cell cycle, proliferation and differentiation, were examined. A more significant growth inhibition activity for γ- ...
Zheng Wei - - 2012
Exposure to soy isoflavones has been associated with low mortality of prostate cancer. In this study, we examined the effects of (±)equol and two representative isoflavones, daidzein and genistein, on migration and invasion in human prostate cancer DU145 cells. First of all, the three regents did not show significant growth ...
Danquah Michael - - 2012
PURPOSE: Overexpression of the androgen receptor (AR) and anti-apoptotic genes including X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) provide tumors with a proliferative advantage. Therefore, our objective was to determine whether novel antiandrogen (CBDIV17) and XIAP inhibitor based combination therapy can treat advanced prostate cancer. METHODS: CBDIV17 and embelin-6g were synthesized ...
Wang Yongzhi - - 2012
In recent years, the transient receptor potential melastatin member 8 (TRPM8) channel has emerged as a promising prognostic marker and putative therapeutic target in prostate cancer. We have found that forced overexpression of TRPM8 in PC-3 cells can inhibit the cell proliferation and motility probably through the TRPM8 activation. In ...
Germann Markus - - 2012
Castration is the standard therapy for advanced prostate cancer (PC). Although this treatment is initially effective, tumors invariably relapse as incurable, castration-resistant PC (CRPC). Adaptation of androgen-dependent PC cells to an androgen-depleted environment or selection of pre-existing, CRPC cells have been proposed as mechanisms of CRPC development. Stem cell (SC)-like ...
Liu Alvin Y AY Department of Urology and Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
Many cell types have no known functional attributes. In the bladder and prostate, basal epithelial and stromal cells appear similar in cytomorphology and share several cell surface markers. Their total gene expression (transcriptome) should provide a clear measure of the extent to which they are alike functionally. Since urologic stromal ...
Theodossiou Theodossis Athanassios - - 2012
Recently a non-genomic cytotoxic component of the chemotherapeutic agent tamoxifen has been identified that predominantly triggers mitochondrial events. The present study delineates the intracellular fate of tamoxifen and studies its interaction with a spectrum of homeostasis modulators primarily relevant to mitochondria. The subcellular localization of tamoxifen was assessed by confocal ...
Hanna Jacob - - 2012
Cells are routinely cryopreserved for investigative and therapeutic applications. The most common cryoprotective agent (CPA), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), is toxic, and must be removed before cells can be used. This study uses a microfluidic device in which three streams flow vertically in parallel through a rectangular channel 500 µm in depth. ...
Pan Xue-Yang - - 2012
Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), one of the bioactive extracts found in ginseng root, was reported to have anti-cancer activity in various cancer models. The anti-proliferation effect of Rg3 on prostate cancer cells has been well reported. To test whether Rg3 has an anti-metastatic effect on prostate cancer, we treated a highly ...
Isaacs John T JT The Chemical Therapeutic Program, The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2012
Cell culture/xenograft and gene arrays of clinical material document that development of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cells involves acquisition of adaptive auto-regulation resulting in >25-fold increase in Androgen Receptor (AR) protein expression in a low androgen environment. Such adaptive AR increase paradoxically is a liability in castrated hosts, however, ...
Lee Soo Ok - - 2012
Early study reported the differential roles of androgen receptor (AR) in different types of prostate cancer cells of luminal, basal intermediate, and stromal. In vivo cancer mouse model studies using the total prostate epithelial knockout mice (pes-ARKO) also revealed that AR played a suppressive role in proliferation of the CK5+/CK8+ ...
Déziel Bob - - 2012
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, and its prevalence is expected to increase appreciably in the coming decades. As such, more research is necessary to understand the etiology, progression and possible preventative measures to delay or to stop the development of this disease. Recently, ...
Satomi Yoshiko - - 2012
Background/Aim: The antitumor effect of fucoxanthin, a marine carotenoid found in brown algae, was investigated on prostate cancer cells. LNCap prostate cancer cells were treated with fucoxanthin and the effects were evaluated in relation to cell proliferation, cell cycle, expression of growth arrest, DNA damage-inducible protein (GADD45) genes, and phosphorylation ...
Mahoney Simon - - 2012
Phenoxodiol is an isoflavone derivative that has been shown to elicit cytotoxic effects against a broad range of human cancers. We examined the effect of phenoxodiol on cell death pathways on the prostate cell lines LNCaP, DU145 and PC3, representative of different stages of prostate cancer, and its effects on ...
Lipiec Ewelina W - - 2012
The aim of this research was to find out whether the passage number effect may influence on the PC-3 cells (the human prostate cancer line derived from bone metastases) response to proton radiation. 2 MeV horizontally focused proton microbeam was used as a radiation source. The cells were treated with ...
Iranshahi Mehrdad - - 2012
A new glucoalkaloid, vespertilioside, together with three known alkaloids, including 11- β-methoxyglucoerysovine, erysotrine, and hypaphorine, were isolated from the fruits of E. VESPERTILIO Benth. In addition, three known isoflavonoids, including phaseollin, alpiniumisoflavone, and phaseollidin, were identified from the plant stems. The structures of compounds were determined by 1D/2D NMR and mass ...
Nishimura Shin-Ichiro - - 2012
Inhibited: N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) derivatives with a fluorine atom at the C4 position (2-4) were synthesized, and their ability to inhibit cancer-cell growth was investigated. The administration of these 4F-GlcNAc derivatives to cells lead to the unnatural sugar nucleotide 1. Furthermore, N-glycan profiles of cells were determined by using a glycoblotting-based ...
Teng Yong - - 2012
Inactivation of HSP90 and HSP70 leads to loss of invasion in a variety of cancer cell types, presumably as a result of destabilization of, as yet, undefined clients of these molecular chaperones that influence this phenotype. The WASF3 gene has been shown to be up-regulated in high-grade tumors and its ...
Cao Kai-Yuan - - 2012
PSM-E is a newly discovered alternatively spliced variant of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). In the current study, its role on the proliferation, invasiveness and migration in prostate cancer cell lines was analyzed. PSM-E and PSMA (as a comparison) eukaryotic expression vectors pcDNA3.0/PSM-E and pcDNA3.0/PSMA were constructed, validated by RT-PCR and ...
Wang Yu - - 2012
Five new diketopiperazines, prenylcyclotryprostatin B (1), 20-hydroxycyclotryprostatin B (2), 9-hydroxyfumitremorgin C (3), 6-hydroxytryprostatin B (4), and spirogliotoxin (5), were isolated from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus fumigatus YK-7, along with nine known compounds, 6-14. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, and their antiproliferative effects on human leukemic monocyte lymphoma U937 ...
Lazar Daniel C - - 2012
Many important experiments in cancer research are initiated with cell line data analysis due to the ease of accessibility and utilization. Recently, the ability to capture and characterize circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has become more prevalent in the research setting. This ability to detect, isolate and analyze CTCs allows us ...
Kaini Ramesh R - - 2012
Androgen deprivation therapy, one of the standard treatments for prostate cancer (PCa) induces apoptosis, as well as autophagy in androgen-responsive PCa cells. As autophagy can promote either cell survival or death, it is important to understand its role in PCa treatment. The objective of this study was to elucidate the ...
Nielsen Tina S - - 2012
Intake of dietary phyto-oestrogens has received a great deal of attention owing to their potential influence on hormone-sensitive cancers such as breast and prostate cancer. Cows' milk contains phyto-oestrogens and the content varies according to the composition of the feed and the type and amount of legumes used. In this ...
Castilla Carolina - - 2012
PTPL1, a non-receptor type protein tyrosine phosphatase, has been involved in the regulation of apoptosis and invasiveness of various tumour cell types, but its role in prostate cancer remained to be investigated. We report here that downregulation of PTPL1 by small interfering RNA in PC3 cells decreases cell proliferation and ...
Li Jieli - - 2012
The heart is the first organ to form and become functional in a developing embryo and its proper function is critical for most, if not all, subsequent stages of an animal's development. The formation of the heart relies heavily upon the rapid proliferation of cardiomyocytes at a specific stage during ...
Sacca Paula Alejandra - - 2012
Background/Aims: Adipose microenvironment is involved in signaling pathways that influence prostate cancer (PCa) progression. However, the role of human periprostatic adipose tissue (PPAT) from patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) has not been studied and compared to that of PPAT from PCa patients. The aim of this paper was to ...
Washiya Kiyotada - - 2012
Objective: Since well-differentiated adenocarcinoma cells of the lung (G1 cancer cells) show mild atypia, their differentiation from benign columnar epithelial cells (benign cells) is often difficult based on morphology. We performed discriminant analysis to distinguish benign from malignant cells by measuring 3-dimensional (3D) changes in nuclear luminance. Study Design: Discriminant ...
Zhou Bin - - 2012
Epicardium is the outer cell layer of the heart. Its integrity and function are essential for normal heart development. To study the role of epicardium in both fetal and adult hearts, it is desirable to isolate and culture pure populations of these cells. Here we describe methods with Cre-loxP technology ...
Kessler Daniel - - 2012
Background: The closely related GTPases Rab11 and Rab25 promote cell migration by regulating vesicular transport and recycling of surface receptors. Rab25 carries a constitutively activating mutation in its GTPase domain. Increased expression of Rab25 has been associated with the aggressiveness of migrating tumor cells. Here, we aimed to elucidate potential ...
Hsieh Tze-Chen - - 2012
The polyphenol piceatannol has shown inhibition against tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. Whether piceatannol also exerts activity on the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a kinase involved in growth control of eukaryotic cells, is not known. In this study, we tested the effects of piceatannol on proliferation of androgen-dependent (AD) LNCaP ...
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