Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2621
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Kikuchi Shojiro - - 2005
The hyaluronic acid receptor, CD44, exists as multiple splice variants that appear to have a role in migration of tumor cells. The role of this receptor and its variants in normal wound repair is poorly understood. A central feature of wound repair in the liver is activation and migration of ...
Jaber J R - - 2005
This report describes a large cell immunoblastic lymphoma in a bottlenose dolphin found stranded alive in Gran Canaria, Spain. Diffuse infiltration of round neoplastic cells was observed in the splenic cords and sinuses and in hepatic sinusoids, resulting in moderate organ enlargement. The tumour cells (immunophenotype IgG+ and CD3-) showed ...
Wang Guo-Li - - 2005
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) has been previously considered a strong inhibitor of cell proliferation which uses multiple pathways to cause growth arrest. In this paper, we describe a new function of C/EBPalpha, which is an acceleration of cell proliferation. This new function of C/EBPalpha is created in proliferating livers by ...
Matsui Hiroko - - 2005
Inhibition of hepatic stellate cell activation is an important clinical aspect for the control of liver inflammation, fibrosis and cirrhosis. S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM), an intermediate product of L-methionine metabolism, is a precursor of glutathione and an endogenous methyl donor. Although the hepato-protective action of SAM has been reported in several animal ...
Proell Verena - - 2005
In the healthy adult liver, quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) present the major site for vitamin A storage in cytoplasmic lipid droplets. During liver injury due to viral infection or alcohol intoxication, HSCs get activated and produce high amounts of extracellular matrix components for tissue repair and fibrogenesis. Employing p19 ...
Malarkey David E - - 2005
The liver is structurally and functionally complex and has been considered second only to brain in its complexity. Many mysteries still exist in this heterogeneous tissue whose functional unit of the lobule has continued to stump morphologists for over 300 years. The primary lobule, proposed by Matsumoto in 1979, has ...
Kang Jin Seok - - 2005
This study was carried out to achieve pathological understanding for the persistence of cirrhosis induced by thioacetamide (TAA). Forty-five, male,21-day-old, F344 rats were randomly allocated to group I and received drinking water as a control, and groups 2 and 3 given 0.015% or 0.03%TAA, respectively for 12 weeks. Two-third of ...
Teramoto Kenichi - - 2005
With the development of regeneration medicine, many researchers have attempted hepatic differentiation from nonhepatic-origin cell sources. The differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells into hepatocyte-like cells has been reported in several papers. Mouse ES cells have shown a potential to develop into hepatocyte-like cells in vitro on the basis of ...
Tabei I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although liver transplantation has become a standard therapy for diseases such as fulminant hepatitis and cirrhosis, the lack of donor organs remains a major problem. One solution is the development of transplantable hepatocytes. The metabolic characteristics as well as function and adaptation of hepatocytes (R-EES-hep cell) derived from rat ...
Song Yu Hu - - 2005
Transforming growth factorbeta1 (TGFbeta1) is considered to be the principal contributor to liver fibrosis. So in this study the ribozymes against TGFbeta1 were designed. The in vitro cleavage activities of the ribozymes were assayed through incubation of (32)p-labeled target RNAs and (32)p-labeled ribozymes in different conditions. HSC-T6 cells were transfected ...
Meng Mei - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of sodium phenylbutyrate on the proliferation, differentiation, cell cycle arrest and induction of the P(21WAF1/CIP1) anti-oncogene in human liver carcinoma cell lines Bel-7402 and HepG2. METHODS: Bel-7402 and HepG2 human liver carcinoma cells were treated with sodium phenylbutyrate at different concentrations. Light microscopy was used ...
Morimoto-Tomita Megumi - - 2005
Highly metastatic variants of mouse colon 38 colon carcinoma cells were established by repeated selection in vivo for liver metastasis and designated as SL4 cells. The SL4 cells formed colonies in the liver of 100% of syngenic mice when injected intrasplenically, while the incidence of liver metastasis was 27% of ...
Pisu P - - 2005
Ceruloplasmin, a blue copper oxidase circulating in serum of all vertebrates, is a glycoprotein synthesized mainly in hepatocytes and secreted into plasma with six tightly bound atoms of copper per molecule. Many aspects of the mechanisms by which synthesis and secretion of this protein are regulated by copper are still ...
Lapotko Dmitri O - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Damage to blood and other tissues during laser interventions depends mainly upon absorption of laser radiation by cells. The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence tissue-specific physiological factors on photo-damage thresholds of individual cells: Red blood cells (blood), hepatocytes (liver), and miocytes (heart). STUDY ...
Sano Tetsuro - - 2005
We investigated the preventive effects of a synthetic acyclic retinoid, NIK-333, on the early and late events of hepatocarcinogenesis in male F344 rats treated with 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene (3'-MeDAB). NIK-333 was administered once a day on consecutive days at a dose of 10, 40, or 80 mg/kg body weight along with the ...
Iwahori T - - 2005
A radial flow bioreactor (RFB) is used for a three-dimensional perfusion culture of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and renal cells, to create a bioartificial liver and kidney. The cylindrical reactor is filled with porous cellulose microcarrier. RFB can be characterized as a system in which the medium flows from the ...
Alison Malcolm R - - 2005
Numerous studies point to the fact that liver tumors are derived from single cells (monoclonal), but the important question is, which cell? Stem cell biology and cancer are inextricably linked. In continually renewing tissues such as the intestinal mucosa and epidermis, in which a steady flux of cells occurs from ...
Weiskirchen Ralf - - 2005
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are routinely prepared by collagenase/pronase digestion of liver using a perfusion system and subsequent fractionation of the heterogeneous cell suspension on continuous density gradients made out of Nycodenz, metrizamide, stractan, or percoll. Because of their lipid content, stellate cells are the least dense fraction of the ...
van Til Niek P - - 2005
Lentiviral vectors can stably transduce dividing and nondividing cells in vivo and are best suited to long-term correction of inherited liver diseases. Intraportal administration of lentiviral vectors expressing green fluorescent protein (Lenti-GFP) in mice resulted in a higher transduction of nonparenchymal cells than hepatocytes (7.32 +/- 3.66% vs 0.22 +/- ...
Garkavenko O - - 2005
Xenotransplantation of porcine liver cell types may provide a means of overcoming the shortage of suitable donor tissues to treat hepatic diseases characterized by inherited inborn errors of metabolism or protein production. Here we report the successful isolation, culture, and xenotransplantation of liver cells harvested from 7- to 10-day-old piglets. ...
Bassi Anna Maria - - 2005
Our line of researches follows the hypothesis that dolichol and retinol metabolism might be interrelated and involved in liver fibrosis. To this end, in this study rats were subjected to chronic treatment with thioacetamide (TAA) (300 mg/L liquid diet) for 1 and 2 months and, after liver damage had occurred, ...
Har Chan Hooi - - 2005
The effects of tocotrienols on murine liver cell viability and their apoptotic events were studied over a dose range of 0-32 microg mL(-1). Normal murine liver cells (BNL CL.2) and murine liver cancer cells (BNL 1ME A.7R.1) were treated with tocotrienols (T(3)), alpha tocopherol (alpha-T) and the chemo drug, Doxorubicin ...
Jiroutová Alena - - 2005
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are located in Disse spaces of normal rat liver. In their quiescent state they serve as a storage site for vitamin A. In fibrotic liver they become activated, proliferate and they undergo transdifferentiation into myofibroblast-like cells. Changes in the cell phenotype are accompanied by changes in ...
Stamp Lincon - - 2005
The nature of the cells that contribute to the repopulation of the liver after hepatic necrosis or cirrhosis remains uncertain, in part because we lack specific markers to facilitate identification and prospective isolation of progenitor cells. The monoclonal antibody GCTM-5 reacts with a minority subpopulation of cells in spontaneously differentiating ...
Barthelmes Ludger - - 2005
During the last three decades liver cell adenoma and liver cell adenomatosis have emerged as new clinical entities in hepato-logical practice due to the widespread use of oral contraceptives and increased imaging of the liver. On review of published series there is evidence that 10% of liver cell adenomas progress ...
Kumashiro Y - - 2005
We previously reported that embryoid body (EB) cells derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells are capable of differentiating into functional hepatocyte-like cells both in vitro and in vivo. Because transplantation of EB-derived cells into the liver via the spleen resulted in a low incidence of teratoma formation, purification of hepatocyte-like ...
Xiao-Feng Pang P Institute of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054), Sichuan, - - 2005
The proliferation behavior of the person's liver cell under actions of the nanoTiO<inf>2</inf>has been looked into by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol 2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric method of Mosmann. In this case we first give some elementary properties of the nanoTiO<inf>2</inf>and do further the liver cell cultures, and add the nano TiO<inf>2</inf>into the ...
Cízková D - - 2005
Here we describe a comparative study of phenotypic properties of hepatic cells in situ and in vitro. We analyzed the expression levels and distribution patterns of ABC transporters MRP2 and MDR1, pan-cytokeratin, cytokeratin 18, albumin, alpha-fetoprotein and the specific hepatocyte marker OCH1E5 in the fetal and adult rat as well ...
Stadtfeld Matthias - - 2005
Hematopoietic cells have been reported to convert into a number of non-hematopoietic cells types after transplantation/injury. Here, we have used a lineage tracing approach to determine whether hematopoietic plasticity is relevant for the normal development of hepatocytes and endothelial cells, both of which develop in close association with blood cells. ...
Goto Takashi - - 2004
In increasing portal blood flow, hepatic stellate cells (HSC) may be lengthened in response to mechanical stretch stimulation and their function may be changed. However, little is known about the influence of mechanical stretch on hepatic stellate cells. We examined production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP), ...
Enomoto Nobuyuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bacterial translocation occurs after thermal injury in association with intestinal barrier loss. Recently, we found that sensitization of Kupffer cells involved gut-derived endotoxin; therefore, the purpose of this work was to study the mechanisms of sensitization of Kupffer cells in burn injury. METHODS: Rats received a 30% body surface ...
Hernandez-Santiago Brenda I - - 2004
Beta-D-N4-hydroxycytidine (NHC) was found to have selective anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity in the HCV replicon system (clone A). The intracellular metabolism of tritiated NHC was investigated in the HCV replicon system, Huh-7 cells, HepG2 cells, and primary human hepatocytes. Incubation of cells with 10 microM radiolabeled NHC demonstrated extensive ...
Yuda Masao - - 2004
Malarial transmission to the human host is established by sporozoite infection of the liver. Sporozoites are released from the mosquito salivary glands and carried by the blood flow to the liver sinusoid. In the sinusoid, sporozoites leave the blood circulation by crossing the sinusoidal cell layer to infect hepatocytes, the ...
Tanimizu Naoki - - 2004
We previously showed that Dlk, a transmembrane protein containing six epidermal growth factor like repeats in its extracellular domain, is strongly expressed in hepatoblasts in murine fetal liver. Here, we examined the expression of Dlk in oval cells, which are adult hepatic progenitors, in the rat 2-acetylaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy (2AAF/PH) model. ...
Tanaka Tetsuro - - 2004
Binding and internalization of arabinogalactan, pullulan, dextran, and mannan were examined in rat liver parenchymal and nonparenchymal cells using 125I or fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled polysaccharides. Binding and uptake of arabinogalactan and pullulan into parenchymal cells was inhibited by asialofetuin, indicating that the asialoglycoprotein receptor is involved in the intracellular ...
Avril Audrey - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mature hepatocytes divide to restore liver mass after injury. However, when hepatocyte division is impaired by retrorsine poisoning, regeneration proceeds from another cell type: the small hepatocyte-like progenitor cells (SHPCs). Our aim was to test whether SHPCs could originate from mature hepatocytes. METHODS: Mature hepatocytes were genetically labeled using ...
Dvir-Ginzberg Mona - - 2004
Cultivation of primary adult hepatocytes creates a challenge because of their loss of hepatocellular functions if prevented from attaining polarized cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Thus, when hepatocytes are seeded in nonadhesive porous alginate scaffolds, they form 100-microm-diameter spheroids with enhanced cell-cell interactions. Using transmission electron microcopy (TEM), histology, and functional ...
Tejima Kazuaki - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic ischemic preconditioning decreases sinusoidal endothelial cell injury and Kupffer cell activation after cold ischemia/reperfusion, leading to improved survival of liver transplant recipients in rats. Ischemic preconditioning also protects livers against warm ischemia/reperfusion injury, in which hepatocyte injury is remarkable. We aimed to determine whether ischemic preconditioning ...
Taniguchi Kazumi - - 2004
The expression of T1R3, a taste receptor essential for the perception of sweetness and umami-taste, was examined by immunohistochemistry to determine whether and where it may be localized in the liver and pancreas. In the liver, both immunopositive and immunonegative reactions were detected; bile ducts and intercalated portions of the ...
Satyanarayana Ande - - 2004
Liver is a quiescent organ with >90% of the cells present in the G(0) stage of the cell cycle. However, adult hepatocytes have enormous ability to proliferate in response to liver injury. After 70% liver resection hepatocytes enter the cell cycle in a highly synchronized manner and undergo 1 to ...
Grassi Alberto - - 2004
Engraftment by recipient's (R) cells has been already demonstrated in gender mismatched liver grafts using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), with contrasting results concerning epithelial cells. Mismatch for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I (HLA-I) is quite common in patients with orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We thus aimed to assess ...
Lambert Carsten - - 2004
During the life cycle of hepatitis B virus (HBV) the large L envelope protein plays a pivotal role that is related to its peculiar dual transmembrane topology. To study the complex structure and diverse functions of L under regulated conditions of production, a human 293 cell line stably expressing L ...
Wang Jinwei - - 2004
Cell migration or trafficking is an integral aspect of cancer metastasis and is a target for development of novel antimetastatic therapy. Tumor cell trafficking has been a poorly understood phenomenon due to the inability to visualize the process. In this study, we visualized the trafficking of metastatic cells targeting the ...
Taat F - - 2004
Hepatoblastoma (HB) and biliary atresia (BA) are both rare conditions that occurred in the patient described. This is the second such case in the literature. An explanation for this apparent coincidence could possibly be found in the existance of pluripotent liver stem cells. In humans, small epithelial cells (SEC) behave ...
Lemaigre Frederic - - 2004
The three phases of liver development that are the focus of this review are: the specification of hepatoblasts within the endoderm, the lineage split of hepatoblasts into hepatocytes and biliary cells, and the interaction of these cells with different mesodermal cell derivatives during liver morphogenesis. Advances in these areas include ...
Wang Lin - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the effects of herbal compound 861 (Cpd 861) on cell proliferation in human hepatic stellate cells (LX-2) and human hepatocellular liver carcinoma cells (HepG2), and expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) in LX-2 cells. METHODS: LX-2 and HepG2 cells were incubated with various concentrations of Cpd 861 ...
Filippi Céline - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The use of cell lines in bioartificial liver support systems (BALSS) to treat fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is hindered by their reduced metabolic functions, which could be further decreased by the patient's serum/plasma. Hence, the aim of this study was to (i) test the effect of the FHF serum ...
Steiling Heike - - 2004
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), a member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family, is a specific mitogen for different types of epithelial cells and a potent survival factor for these cells under stress conditions. KGF expression increases strongly after injury to various tissues, including the skin and the intestine, and ...
Cheng Jidong - - 2004
There is growing evidence to show that hepatic oval cells contribute to liver regeneration, dysplastic nodule formation, and hepato-carcinogenesis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) and their ligands play an important role in cell growth, inflammatory responses, and liver pathogenesis including fibrosis and cancer. However, little is known about the role of ...
Khetani Salman R - - 2004
Cocultivation of primary hepatocytes with a plethora of nonparenchymal cells (from within and outside the liver) has been shown to support hepatic functions in vitro. Despite significant investigation into this phenomenon, the molecular mechanism underlying epithelial-nonparenchymal interactions in hepatocyte cocultures remains poorly understood. In this study, we present a functional ...
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