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Results 601 - 650 of 2633
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Kobayashi Kayo - - 2005
Vitellogenin (VTG) produced in male fish has been used for a biomarker to study endocrine disrupters. However, the characteristics of VTG produced in male fish have not been studied well. In this study, we investigated the localization of VTG in the liver and the testis of male medaka (Oryzias latipes) ...
Cavas Tolga - - 2005
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio), Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) and Peppered cory (Corydoras paleatus) were evaluated as target species to perform genotoxicity tests for heavy metals. Fishes were exposed to different doses of cadmium (0.005-0.1 mg/L) and copper (0.01-0.25 mg/L) for 21 days. Hexavalent chromium at a single dose of 5 ...
Zhao Roong - - 2005
Several lines of evidence suggest that GATA6 has an integral role in controlling development of the mammalian liver. Unfortunately, this proposal has been impossible to address directly because mouse embryos lacking GATA6 die during gastrulation. Here we show that the early embryonic deficiency associated with GATA6-knockout mice can be overcome ...
Navarro-Perán Enma - - 2005
A naturally occurring gallated polyphenol isolated from green tea leaves, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), has been shown to be an inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) activity in vitro at concentrations found in the serum and tissues of green tea drinkers (0.1-1.0 micromol/L). These data provide the first evidence that the prophylactic ...
Shmelkov Sergey V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: CD133 (AC133) is a surface antigen that defines a broad population of stem cells, including myogenic and endothelial progenitors. CD133+ cells are rare in adult tissues, and the factors that support their differentiation into mature angiomyogenic cells are not known. These hurdles have hampered the use of CD133+ cells ...
Nandini Bhattacharya
Phthalates have been shown to elicit contrasting effects on the testis and the liver, causing testicular degeneration and promoting abnormal hepatocyte proliferation and carcinogenesis. In the present study, we compared the effects of phthalates on testicular and liver cells to better understand the mechanisms by which phthalates cause testicular degeneration. ...
Aoki Christopher A - - 2005
An understanding of the immunobiology of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is essential to improving both diagnosis and treatment. There have been significant gains in the discovery of genetic polymorphisms that generate susceptibility to disease, but only limited data on etiologic events that may initiate the inflammatory response. Colonic inflammation produces ...
Qu Wei - - 2005
The liver is an important target tissue of cadmium. The compound O2-vinyl 1-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2 diolate (V-PYRRO/NO) is a liver-selective nitric oxide (NO) prodrug that is metabolized by hepatic P450 enzymes to release NO in hepatocytes. In vivo, V-PYRRO/NO can protect against the toxicity of various hepatotoxicants, including cadmium. Since NO is ...
Haque Tasima - - 2005
The application of alginate-chitosan (AC) microcapsules to liver cell transplantation has not been previously investigated. In the current in vitro study, we have investigated the potential of AC microcapsules for the encapsulation of liver cells and show that the AC membrane supports the survival, proliferation and protein secretion by entrapped ...
Chang T M S - - 2005
Potential applications of artificial cells include cell therapy, gene therapy, enzyme therapy, blood substitutes, drug carriers and many other areas. Only 2 examples will be discussed here. One is the use of artificial cells containing cells with emphasis of the use of hepatocytes for short term implantation in acute liver ...
Okaya Atsuhito - - 2005
Oval cells of the liver participate in liver regeneration when hepatocytes are prevented from proliferating in response to liver damage. To clarify the role of oncostatin M (OSM) in the liver regeneration involving oval cells, we examined the expression of OSM and OSM-specific receptor (OSM-R) in the liver undergoing regeneration ...
Sugimoto Shinichi - - 2005
We examined whether small hepatocytes (SHs), which are hepatic progenitor cells, could be isolated from a normal human liver and whether human hepatic cells could form hepatic organoids in a collagen sponge. Normal liver tissues were obtained from resected specimens from nine patients who underwent hepatic resection. Isolated hepatic cells ...
Kikuchi Shojiro - - 2005
The hyaluronic acid receptor, CD44, exists as multiple splice variants that appear to have a role in migration of tumor cells. The role of this receptor and its variants in normal wound repair is poorly understood. A central feature of wound repair in the liver is activation and migration of ...
Jaber J R - - 2005
This report describes a large cell immunoblastic lymphoma in a bottlenose dolphin found stranded alive in Gran Canaria, Spain. Diffuse infiltration of round neoplastic cells was observed in the splenic cords and sinuses and in hepatic sinusoids, resulting in moderate organ enlargement. The tumour cells (immunophenotype IgG+ and CD3-) showed ...
Wang Guo-Li - - 2005
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) has been previously considered a strong inhibitor of cell proliferation which uses multiple pathways to cause growth arrest. In this paper, we describe a new function of C/EBPalpha, which is an acceleration of cell proliferation. This new function of C/EBPalpha is created in proliferating livers by ...
Matsui Hiroko - - 2005
Inhibition of hepatic stellate cell activation is an important clinical aspect for the control of liver inflammation, fibrosis and cirrhosis. S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM), an intermediate product of L-methionine metabolism, is a precursor of glutathione and an endogenous methyl donor. Although the hepato-protective action of SAM has been reported in several animal ...
Proell Verena - - 2005
In the healthy adult liver, quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) present the major site for vitamin A storage in cytoplasmic lipid droplets. During liver injury due to viral infection or alcohol intoxication, HSCs get activated and produce high amounts of extracellular matrix components for tissue repair and fibrogenesis. Employing p19 ...
Malarkey David E - - 2005
The liver is structurally and functionally complex and has been considered second only to brain in its complexity. Many mysteries still exist in this heterogeneous tissue whose functional unit of the lobule has continued to stump morphologists for over 300 years. The primary lobule, proposed by Matsumoto in 1979, has ...
Kang Jin Seok - - 2005
This study was carried out to achieve pathological understanding for the persistence of cirrhosis induced by thioacetamide (TAA). Forty-five, male,21-day-old, F344 rats were randomly allocated to group I and received drinking water as a control, and groups 2 and 3 given 0.015% or 0.03%TAA, respectively for 12 weeks. Two-third of ...
Teramoto Kenichi - - 2005
With the development of regeneration medicine, many researchers have attempted hepatic differentiation from nonhepatic-origin cell sources. The differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells into hepatocyte-like cells has been reported in several papers. Mouse ES cells have shown a potential to develop into hepatocyte-like cells in vitro on the basis of ...
Tabei I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although liver transplantation has become a standard therapy for diseases such as fulminant hepatitis and cirrhosis, the lack of donor organs remains a major problem. One solution is the development of transplantable hepatocytes. The metabolic characteristics as well as function and adaptation of hepatocytes (R-EES-hep cell) derived from rat ...
Song Yu Hu - - 2005
Transforming growth factorbeta1 (TGFbeta1) is considered to be the principal contributor to liver fibrosis. So in this study the ribozymes against TGFbeta1 were designed. The in vitro cleavage activities of the ribozymes were assayed through incubation of (32)p-labeled target RNAs and (32)p-labeled ribozymes in different conditions. HSC-T6 cells were transfected ...
Meng Mei - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of sodium phenylbutyrate on the proliferation, differentiation, cell cycle arrest and induction of the P(21WAF1/CIP1) anti-oncogene in human liver carcinoma cell lines Bel-7402 and HepG2. METHODS: Bel-7402 and HepG2 human liver carcinoma cells were treated with sodium phenylbutyrate at different concentrations. Light microscopy was used ...
Morimoto-Tomita Megumi - - 2005
Highly metastatic variants of mouse colon 38 colon carcinoma cells were established by repeated selection in vivo for liver metastasis and designated as SL4 cells. The SL4 cells formed colonies in the liver of 100% of syngenic mice when injected intrasplenically, while the incidence of liver metastasis was 27% of ...
Pisu P - - 2005
Ceruloplasmin, a blue copper oxidase circulating in serum of all vertebrates, is a glycoprotein synthesized mainly in hepatocytes and secreted into plasma with six tightly bound atoms of copper per molecule. Many aspects of the mechanisms by which synthesis and secretion of this protein are regulated by copper are still ...
Lapotko Dmitri O - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Damage to blood and other tissues during laser interventions depends mainly upon absorption of laser radiation by cells. The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence tissue-specific physiological factors on photo-damage thresholds of individual cells: Red blood cells (blood), hepatocytes (liver), and miocytes (heart). STUDY ...
Sano Tetsuro - - 2005
We investigated the preventive effects of a synthetic acyclic retinoid, NIK-333, on the early and late events of hepatocarcinogenesis in male F344 rats treated with 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene (3'-MeDAB). NIK-333 was administered once a day on consecutive days at a dose of 10, 40, or 80 mg/kg body weight along with the ...
Iwahori T - - 2005
A radial flow bioreactor (RFB) is used for a three-dimensional perfusion culture of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and renal cells, to create a bioartificial liver and kidney. The cylindrical reactor is filled with porous cellulose microcarrier. RFB can be characterized as a system in which the medium flows from the ...
Alison Malcolm R - - 2005
Numerous studies point to the fact that liver tumors are derived from single cells (monoclonal), but the important question is, which cell? Stem cell biology and cancer are inextricably linked. In continually renewing tissues such as the intestinal mucosa and epidermis, in which a steady flux of cells occurs from ...
Weiskirchen Ralf - - 2005
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are routinely prepared by collagenase/pronase digestion of liver using a perfusion system and subsequent fractionation of the heterogeneous cell suspension on continuous density gradients made out of Nycodenz, metrizamide, stractan, or percoll. Because of their lipid content, stellate cells are the least dense fraction of the ...
van Til Niek P - - 2005
Lentiviral vectors can stably transduce dividing and nondividing cells in vivo and are best suited to long-term correction of inherited liver diseases. Intraportal administration of lentiviral vectors expressing green fluorescent protein (Lenti-GFP) in mice resulted in a higher transduction of nonparenchymal cells than hepatocytes (7.32 +/- 3.66% vs 0.22 +/- ...
Garkavenko O - - 2005
Xenotransplantation of porcine liver cell types may provide a means of overcoming the shortage of suitable donor tissues to treat hepatic diseases characterized by inherited inborn errors of metabolism or protein production. Here we report the successful isolation, culture, and xenotransplantation of liver cells harvested from 7- to 10-day-old piglets. ...
Bassi Anna Maria - - 2005
Our line of researches follows the hypothesis that dolichol and retinol metabolism might be interrelated and involved in liver fibrosis. To this end, in this study rats were subjected to chronic treatment with thioacetamide (TAA) (300 mg/L liquid diet) for 1 and 2 months and, after liver damage had occurred, ...
Har Chan Hooi - - 2005
The effects of tocotrienols on murine liver cell viability and their apoptotic events were studied over a dose range of 0-32 microg mL(-1). Normal murine liver cells (BNL CL.2) and murine liver cancer cells (BNL 1ME A.7R.1) were treated with tocotrienols (T(3)), alpha tocopherol (alpha-T) and the chemo drug, Doxorubicin ...
Jiroutová Alena - - 2005
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are located in Disse spaces of normal rat liver. In their quiescent state they serve as a storage site for vitamin A. In fibrotic liver they become activated, proliferate and they undergo transdifferentiation into myofibroblast-like cells. Changes in the cell phenotype are accompanied by changes in ...
Stamp Lincon - - 2005
The nature of the cells that contribute to the repopulation of the liver after hepatic necrosis or cirrhosis remains uncertain, in part because we lack specific markers to facilitate identification and prospective isolation of progenitor cells. The monoclonal antibody GCTM-5 reacts with a minority subpopulation of cells in spontaneously differentiating ...
Barthelmes Ludger - - 2005
During the last three decades liver cell adenoma and liver cell adenomatosis have emerged as new clinical entities in hepato-logical practice due to the widespread use of oral contraceptives and increased imaging of the liver. On review of published series there is evidence that 10% of liver cell adenomas progress ...
Kumashiro Y - - 2005
We previously reported that embryoid body (EB) cells derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells are capable of differentiating into functional hepatocyte-like cells both in vitro and in vivo. Because transplantation of EB-derived cells into the liver via the spleen resulted in a low incidence of teratoma formation, purification of hepatocyte-like ...
Xiao-Feng Pang P Institute of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054), Sichuan, - - 2005
The proliferation behavior of the person's liver cell under actions of the nanoTiO<inf>2</inf>has been looked into by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol 2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric method of Mosmann. In this case we first give some elementary properties of the nanoTiO<inf>2</inf>and do further the liver cell cultures, and add the nano TiO<inf>2</inf>into the ...
Cízková D - - 2005
Here we describe a comparative study of phenotypic properties of hepatic cells in situ and in vitro. We analyzed the expression levels and distribution patterns of ABC transporters MRP2 and MDR1, pan-cytokeratin, cytokeratin 18, albumin, alpha-fetoprotein and the specific hepatocyte marker OCH1E5 in the fetal and adult rat as well ...
Stadtfeld Matthias - - 2005
Hematopoietic cells have been reported to convert into a number of non-hematopoietic cells types after transplantation/injury. Here, we have used a lineage tracing approach to determine whether hematopoietic plasticity is relevant for the normal development of hepatocytes and endothelial cells, both of which develop in close association with blood cells. ...
Goto Takashi - - 2004
In increasing portal blood flow, hepatic stellate cells (HSC) may be lengthened in response to mechanical stretch stimulation and their function may be changed. However, little is known about the influence of mechanical stretch on hepatic stellate cells. We examined production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP), ...
Enomoto Nobuyuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bacterial translocation occurs after thermal injury in association with intestinal barrier loss. Recently, we found that sensitization of Kupffer cells involved gut-derived endotoxin; therefore, the purpose of this work was to study the mechanisms of sensitization of Kupffer cells in burn injury. METHODS: Rats received a 30% body surface ...
Hernandez-Santiago Brenda I - - 2004
Beta-D-N4-hydroxycytidine (NHC) was found to have selective anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity in the HCV replicon system (clone A). The intracellular metabolism of tritiated NHC was investigated in the HCV replicon system, Huh-7 cells, HepG2 cells, and primary human hepatocytes. Incubation of cells with 10 microM radiolabeled NHC demonstrated extensive ...
Yuda Masao - - 2004
Malarial transmission to the human host is established by sporozoite infection of the liver. Sporozoites are released from the mosquito salivary glands and carried by the blood flow to the liver sinusoid. In the sinusoid, sporozoites leave the blood circulation by crossing the sinusoidal cell layer to infect hepatocytes, the ...
Tanimizu Naoki - - 2004
We previously showed that Dlk, a transmembrane protein containing six epidermal growth factor like repeats in its extracellular domain, is strongly expressed in hepatoblasts in murine fetal liver. Here, we examined the expression of Dlk in oval cells, which are adult hepatic progenitors, in the rat 2-acetylaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy (2AAF/PH) model. ...
Tanaka Tetsuro - - 2004
Binding and internalization of arabinogalactan, pullulan, dextran, and mannan were examined in rat liver parenchymal and nonparenchymal cells using 125I or fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled polysaccharides. Binding and uptake of arabinogalactan and pullulan into parenchymal cells was inhibited by asialofetuin, indicating that the asialoglycoprotein receptor is involved in the intracellular ...
Avril Audrey - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mature hepatocytes divide to restore liver mass after injury. However, when hepatocyte division is impaired by retrorsine poisoning, regeneration proceeds from another cell type: the small hepatocyte-like progenitor cells (SHPCs). Our aim was to test whether SHPCs could originate from mature hepatocytes. METHODS: Mature hepatocytes were genetically labeled using ...
Dvir-Ginzberg Mona - - 2004
Cultivation of primary adult hepatocytes creates a challenge because of their loss of hepatocellular functions if prevented from attaining polarized cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Thus, when hepatocytes are seeded in nonadhesive porous alginate scaffolds, they form 100-microm-diameter spheroids with enhanced cell-cell interactions. Using transmission electron microcopy (TEM), histology, and functional ...
Tejima Kazuaki - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic ischemic preconditioning decreases sinusoidal endothelial cell injury and Kupffer cell activation after cold ischemia/reperfusion, leading to improved survival of liver transplant recipients in rats. Ischemic preconditioning also protects livers against warm ischemia/reperfusion injury, in which hepatocyte injury is remarkable. We aimed to determine whether ischemic preconditioning ...
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