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Results 501 - 550 of 2623
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Alison M R - - 2006
Studies of aggregation chimaeras and X-linked polymorphisms strongly suggest that most liver tumours are derived from single cells (monoclonal): this review looks at the various cells in the liver that could be the founder cells for the two major primary tumours, namely hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CC). In continually ...
Basu Arnab - - 2006
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the major source of extracellular matrix in fibrosis and cirrhosis. In this study, we have investigated the role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein induced immortalized human hepatocytes (IHH) on HSC growth. Preferential growth of IHH and apoptosis of activated human hepatic stellate ...
Rockey Don C - - 2006
Hepatic fibrogenesis is the common result of injury to the liver. It is believed to be a critical factor that leads to hepatic dysfunction and may be important in portal hypertension. The fibrogenic response is a complex process in which accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins, tissue contraction, and alteration in ...
Zinchenko Yekaterina S - - 2006
Hepatocytes within current bioartificial liver designs are unable to maintain the wide range of differentiated functions observed for the liver in vivo. As recent studies suggest, the absence of controlled interactions between hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cell populations of the liver may contribute to this hepatocyte dedifferentiation. The current study investigates ...
Parton Angela - - 2007
Cartilaginous fish, primarily sharks, rays and skates (elasmobranchs), appeared 450 million years ago. They are the most primitive vertebrates, exhibiting jaws and teeth, adaptive immunity, a pressurized circulatory system, thymus, spleen, and a liver comparable to that of humans. The most used elasmobranch in biomedical research is the spiny dogfish ...
Iijima Hiroko - - 2006
Phase contrast microscopy showed that Levovist microbubbles were phagocytosed by cultured Kupffer cells and moved gradually toward the nucleus from the cell surface. They were diminished in size and disappeared within 30min by diffusion of the gas contained within the microbubbles. In an in vivo study, confocal laser scanning microscopy ...
Isabel Zvibel Z Liver Unit, Gastroenterology Institute, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel. - - 2006
To investigate whether Thy1 recognizes oval cells in the fetal liver and to characterize the cultured Thy1- selected cells from E14 rat livers. Thy1 populations were analyzed by fluorescence activated cell sorter analysis. Thy1 positive cells were isolated using magnetic beads. Hepatic markers were detected by Western blotting, immunocytochemistry and ...
Marangoni Antonella A Sezione di Microbiologia DMCSS, University of Bologna, Policlinico S. Orsola, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, - - 2006
To evaluate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in rat isolated Kupffer cells (KCs) stimulated by Leptospira interrogans and Borrelia burgdorferi. Rat Kupffer cells were separated by perfusion of the liver with 0.05% collagenase, and purified by Percoll gradients. Purified ...
Wu Hai - - 2006
Chronic alcohol abuse, a major health problem, causes liver and pancreatic diseases and is known to impair hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). Hepatic ADH-catalyzed oxidation of ethanol is a major pathway for the ethanol disposition in the body. Hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP2E1), induced in chronic alcohol abuse, is also reported ...
Sattabongkot Jetsumon - - 2006
Our understanding of the biology of malaria parasite liver stages is limited because of the lack of efficient in vitro systems that support the exo-erythrocytic (EE) development of the parasite. We report the development of a new hepatocyte line (HC-04) from normal human liver cells. The HC-04 cells have proliferated ...
Nagaya Masaki - - 2006
Focal injury of the adult liver causes formation of granulomatous tissue and fibrosis. When thermoreversible gelation polymer (TGP) was applied to such defects of the rat liver, complete recovery of hepatic tissues was observed without granulation. We analyzed the mechanism of the regeneration. TGP is a chemically synthesized biocompatible polymer ...
Kobayashi Masaki - - 2006
A close relationship between rat liver regeneration and the concentration ratio of spermidine to spermine (spd:spm) was demonstrated by the oral administration of trans-4-methylcyclohexylamine (MCHA), a specific inhibitor of putrescine aminopropyltransferase. A decrease in recovery rate of remnant liver with MCHA, as a percentage index of remnant liver weight to ...
Wu XiongZhi - - 2006
Gekko swinhonis GÅ«enther has been used as an anti-cancer drug in traditional Chinese medicine. Gekko sulfated polysaccharide (Gepsin) was investigated for its activity in hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocarcinoma cell line (Bel-7402) and liver cell line (L-02) were exposed to Gepsin (100 microg/ml and 10 microg/ml). Gepsin did not suppress the proliferation ...
Du Bing - - 2006
Phage display technology has been used as a powerful tool in the discovery of ligands specific to receptor(s) on the surface of a cancer cell and could also impact clinical issues including functional diagnosis and cell-specific drug delivery. After three rounds of in vitro panning and two rounds of reverse ...
Song Jianhua - - 2006
Transduction of chicken and duck cells was examined by Ac-CMV-eGFP, a recombinant baculovirus capable of expressing an eGFP reporter gene under the control of the CMV promoter. The results showed that chicken and duck cells were transducible, as demonstrated by a flow cytometry assay. The transduction efficiency of duck cells ...
Shkurupii V A - - 2006
We studied BCG-granulomas, their cellular composition, and ultrastructure of type A epithelioid cells in the liver of male BALB/c mice with spontaneous granulomatous inflammation. The animals received free isoniazid or isoniazid conjugated with lysosomotropic intracellularly prolonged matrix (dialdehyde dextran, molecular weight 65-75 kDa). Lysosomotropic isoniazid was accumulated in the vacuolar ...
Serizawa Nobuko - - 2006
Recently liver regeneration by bone marrow transplantation has been proposed as an alternative source of functional liver cells. We investigate commitment of bone marrow cells (BMCs) to liver regeneration and the effect of dalteparin sodium (DS) on regeneration of the damaged liver caused by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) administration in the ...
Saito Masaya M Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-8461, - - 2006
To develop the effective technology for reconstruction of a liver organ in vitro using a bio-artificial liver. We previously reported that a radial-flow bioreactor (RFB) could provide a three-dimensional high-density culture system. We presently reconstructed the liver organoid using a functional human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (FLC-5) as hepatocytes together ...
Rodriguez-Agudo Daniel - - 2006
Human StarD5 belongs to the StarD4 subfamily of START (for steroidogenic acute regulatory lipid transfer) domain proteins. We previously reported that StarD5 is located in the cytosolic fraction of human liver and binds cholesterol and 25-hydroxycholesterol. After overexpression of the gene encoding StarD5 in primary rat hepatocytes, free cholesterol accumulated ...
Kiwamu Okita / Ken-ichi ...
The localization of AFP in certain cells in early stages during hepatocarcinogenesis in rats fed 2-AAF was revealed using indirect immunofluorescent technique. AFP containing cells appeared only around the portal triads in the 5th week after the commencement of a 2-AAF diet. With the lapse of time, AFP containing cells, ...
Chen Yao-Kai YK Institute of Infectious Diseases, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China. - - 2006
To clarify the pathogenesis of ductular proliferation and its possible association with oval cell activation and hepatocyte regeneration. Immunohistochemical staining and image analysis of the ductular structures in the liver tissues from 11 patients with severe chronic hepatitis B and 2 healthy individuals were performed. The liver specimens were sectioned ...
Herfindal Lars - - 2006
In this review we present recent studies on the effects of the protein phosphatase inhibitor microcystin on mammalian cells. Whereas high concentrations of microcystin promote liver cell death induced by ROS signalling without the involvement of typical apoptotic proteins, intermediate doses activate classic apoptotic pathways. Low concentrations however, increase liver ...
Zhan Shan-Shan - - 2006
Hepatic stellate cell activation is a main feature of liver fibrogenesis. We have previously shown that phagocytosis of apoptotic bodies by stellate cells induces procollagen alpha1 (I) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) expression in vitro. Here we have further investigated the downstream effects of phagocytosis by studying NADPH oxidase ...
Uetsuka Koji - - 2006
The histopathological characteristics of Ito cells and Kupffer cells were investigated in the liver of 21 cats (age range: 6 months -18 years) autopsied in our laboratory during 2003. Immunohistochemical examinations were performed using antibodies against lysozyme, desmin and alpha-smooth muscle actin. No Kupffer cells reacted with the antibody against ...
Park Keun-Hong - - 2006
An aggregate of specific cells is often regarded as a better form of single-cell in artificial organs and mammalian cell bioreactors for improved cell-specific functions. In this study, freshly harvested primary rat hepatocytes, cultivated as spheroids and entrapped in a synthetic thermoreversible extracellular matrix, were examined for differentiation morphology and ...
Shan Yun-Feng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Human gankyrin gene product (p28GANK) is a novel oncogenic protein ubiquitously overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma and also plays a role in cell cycle progression in normal hepatocytes and liver regeneration. However, little is known about the physiological role of p28GANK in the liver oval cell activation and proliferation. We ...
Abshagen Kerstin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Regeneration of tissue is a fundamental parameter of the liver's response to injury and is essential for post-operative recovery from hepatic resection. An adequate microvascular supply of both remnant tissue and newly formed cell clusters is necessary for the accurate restoration of the organ. However, a comprehensive analysis of ...
Davies Richard A - - 2006
Oval cell proliferation precedes neoplasia in many rodent models of hepatocellular carcinoma and prevention of this proliferative response can reduce the risk of subsequent carcinoma. This study aimed to determine whether a selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, SC-236, affects (i) the oval cell response to liver injury in a mouse model ...
Prick Tanja - - 2006
In mammalian liver, proteolysis is regulated by the cellular hydration state in a microtubule- and p38(MAPK) (p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase)-dependent fashion. Osmosensing in liver cells towards proteolysis is achieved by activation of integrin receptors. The yeast orthologue of p38(MAPK) is Hog1 (high-osmolarity glycerol 1), which is involved in the hyperosmotic-response ...
Chang Daniel - - 2006
This study compares the populations of liver mesenchymal cells (LMCs) and their proliferative activity in schistosomal periportal fibrosis and in hepatitis C virus-induced cirrhosis. LMCs were evaluated by immunohistochemical double staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) or glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) in liver ...
Shapiro Erik M - - 2006
The use of high-relaxivity, intracellular contrast agents has enabled MRI monitoring of cell migration through and homing to various tissues, such as brain, spinal cord, heart, and muscle. Here it is shown that MRI can detect single cells in vivo, homing to tissue, following cell labeling and transplantation. Primary mouse ...
Cherian M George - - 2006
Hepatocytes in adults are in a nonproliferative state but they have high capacity to regenerate within few hours after an injury. After partial hepatectomy or chemical injury, hepatocytes undergo a synchronized multistep process consisting of priming/initiation, proliferation, and termination. These distinct steps are essential for restoring the structure and functions ...
Murthi Padma - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous studies using isolated perfused rat liver in vivo have suggested that during the erythrocytic phase of malaria infection, overall phagocytosis by Kupffer cells is enhanced. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the individual phagocytic capacity and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) secretion of isolated ...
Moran Diarmuid M - - 2006
Interlukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleitropic cytokine that plays a central role in normal and abnormal hepatic function and response. The aims of the current study were to determine the viability of using cell encapsulation technology to introduce a genetically modified xenogeneic (CHO) cell population to elevate circulating levels of rhIL-6 ...
Perkins Edward J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cell culture systems are useful in studying toxicological effects of chemicals such as Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), however little is known as to how accurately isolated cells reflect responses of intact organs. In this work, we compare transcriptional responses in livers of Sprague-Dawley rats and primary hepatocyte cells after exposure to ...
Fiegel Henning C - - 2006
Stem cells are interesting candidates as a new source for cell/organ culture or cell transplantation concepts. So far it is believed that the hepatoblast is the common progenitor cell during fetal liver development. In previous studies two distinct fractions of liver cells were found during development: cells co-expressing Thy1 and ...
Sródka Andrzej - - 2006
The paper is concerned to problem of discovery of macrofage cells present in the liver sinusoid, which are recognized in the world medical literature as Kuppffer cells. On the other hand in Poland the name of professor Tadeusz Browicz is firmly connected with the cells resulting in eponymous Browicz cells. ...
Tarlá Marissa Rabelo - - 2006
This paper has the objective to analyze the cellular aspects of liver regeneration (LR). Upon damage in this organ, the regenerative capacity of hepatocyte is sufficiently able to reestablish the parenchyma as a whole. Taking into account the regenerative capacity of hepatocyte, the need of a progenitor or a liver ...
Chan Judy Yuet-Wa - - 2006
Scutellaria barbata has long been used as a Chinese medicine for the treatment of liver diseases such as hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study, a bioassay-guided method was used to isolate the most active components from Scutellaria barbata. The anti-proliferative effects on human hepatoma HepG2 and Hep3B cells ...
Tsuji Kazuhiko - - 2006
We used dual-color in vivo cellular imaging to visualize trafficking, nuclear-cytoplasmic dynamics, and the viability of cancer cells after their injection into the portal vein of mice. For these studies, we used dual-color fluorescent cancer cells that express green fluorescent protein (GFP) linked to histone H2B in the nucleus and ...
Enosawa Shin - - 2006
We developed a bioartificial liver (BAL) containing human hepatoblastoma cell line, HepG2, with the addition of ammonia removal activity by transfecting a glutamine synthetase (GS) gene and estimated the efficacy using pigs with ischemic liver failure. GS-HepG2 cells showed 15% ammonia removal activity of porcine hepatocytes, while unmodified HepG2 had ...
Wu Bo-Kuan - - 2006
The Hepatitis B virus X (HBx) protein has been strongly implicated in the carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, effects of the HBx protein on cell proliferation and cell death are controversial. This study investigates the effects of the HBx protein on liver regeneration in two independent lines of HBx ...
Alison M R - - 2005
Studies of aggregation chimaeras and X-linked polymorphisms strongly suggest that liver tumours are derived from single cells (monoclonal), but the important question is, which cell? Stem cell biology and cancer are inextricably linked. In continually renewing tissues such as the gut mucosa and epidermis, where a steady flux of cells ...
Ye Min - - 2005
In this paper, we describe the unexpected outgrowth of B lineage cells from PU.1(-/-) fetal liver cultures. The cells express all early B cell genes tested, including the putative PU.1 target genes IL-7R and EBF but not B220, and can produce immunoglobulin M. However, we observed a delay in the ...
von Breitenbuch P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Resection of liver neoplasms is believed to promote growth of residual intrahepatic neoplastic cells. As the effects of radiofrequency thermoablation (RFA) are still unknown, we aimed to compare the influence of RFA versus liver resection on residual intrahepatic neoplastic cells. METHODS: A primary metastasis was established by injection of ...
Monga Satdarshan P S - - 2005
Bioreactors containing porcine or adult human hepatocytes have been used to sustain acute liver failure patients until liver transplantation. However, prolonged function of adult hepatocytes has not been achieved due to compromised proliferation and viability of adult cells in vitro. We investigated the use of fetal hepatocytes as an alternative ...
Kurosawa Yasunori - - 2005
To mimic native tissue function, coculture systems are an extremely useful model. In many cases, differentiated functions can be maintained only through the interactions of various cell types. Therefore, methods for examining the interactions between cocultured cells are necessary. The assessment of cell-to-cell cross-talk at the level of gene expression ...
Borodin Yu I - - 2005
The mesenteric, mediastinal, and popliteal lymph nodes of rats were studied by indirect immunoperoxidase method using monoclonal antibodies to cytochrome P450 1A1/1A2 after oral treatment with benzo[a]pyrene. These cytochrome forms were detected in monocytes, macrophages, reticular and littoral cells, cell detritus, and liquid contents of the paracortical and medullary sinuses ...
Couchie Dominique - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) protein is a vitamin K-dependent protein that binds to the Axl subfamily of tyrosine kinase receptors and exerts antiapoptotic and proliferative effects. Because Gas6 plays a role in development and tissue remodelling, we studied its expression as well as that of ...
Noyan Semiha - - 2006
In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin A on the transformation of the Ito cells to fibrogenic form and suppression of the development of fibrosis. Carbon tetrachloride intoxication was performed on rats for 2, 8, 12 or 20 weeks and 5x10(4) IU vitamin A (as retinol ...
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