Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2631
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Comar Jurandir Fernando - - 2007
It has been proposed that key enzymes of ureagenesis and the alanine aminotransferase activity predominate in periportal hepatocytes. However, ureagenesis from alanine, when measured in the perfused liver, did not show periportal predominance and even the release of the direct products of alanine transformation, lactate and pyruvate, was higher in ...
Alabraba Edward B EB Liver Research Group, 5th Floor IBR, The University of Birmingham Medical School, Wolfson Drive, Edgbaston, Birmingham B152TT, UK. - - 2007
Macrophages are a diverse population of cells that are able to adapt to specific tissue environments. Kupffer cells are liver resident macrophages and form the largest population of fixed tissue macrophages. Their isolation offers an exciting opportunity to study this subpopulation of uniquely adapted cells. However existing Kupffer cell isolation ...
Chiu Chien-Chang - - 2007
Partial hepatectomy or carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) injury, following treatment of rats with 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) to inhibit proliferation of hepatocytes, induces proliferation of oval cells and possibly their differentiation into nodular foci of hepatocytes when higher doses of 2-AAF are used. Unfortunately, immunohistochemistry in previous studies failed to show oval cell ...
Herrmann Jens - - 2007
At the cellular level, the activation and transdifferentiation of quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSC) into myofibroblasts is the key process involved in hepatic fibrogenesis that is associated with an increased and altered deposition of extracellular matrix components in the liver. The temporal sequence of molecular events associated with stellate cell ...
Uetsuka Koji - - 2007
We previously reported that no Kupffer cells reacted with the antibody against lysozyme, and Ito cells contained a large cytoplasmic vacuole in the feline liver. In this report, we further examined the characteristics of porcine and bovine hepatic non-parenchymal cells. In the liver of both animals, Kupffer cells were positive ...
Kanai Miharu - - 2007
The capacity of selective uptake by liver cells, focusing particularly on the parenchymal and perisinusoidal stellate cells during chick liver development (8-18 days of incubation), was ultrastructurally examined after injection of 240-nm-diameter lecithin (phosphatidylcholine) -coated or noncoated beads into the extraembryonic circulation. Cytoplasmic projections of both cells as well as ...
Xu Zhibin - - 2007
We present here an effective technique for the large-scale separation and identification of N-linked glycoproteins from Chang liver cells, the human normal liver cells. To enrich N-linked glycoproteins from the whole cells, a procedure containing the lysis of human liver cells, the solubilization of total proteins, lectin affinity chromatography including ...
Usynin Ivan - - 2007
After transmission by infected mosquitoes, malaria sporozoites rapidly travel to the liver. To infect hepatocytes, sporozoites traverse Kupffer cells, but surprisingly, the parasites are not killed by these resident macrophages of the liver. Here we show that Plasmodium sporozoites and recombinant circumsporozoite protein (CSP) suppress the respiratory burst in Kupffer ...
Sobaniec-Lotowska Maria Elzbieta Sobaniec-Lotowska ME Department of Clinical Pathomorphology, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 13 Street, 15-269 Bialystok, Poland. - - 2007
To investigate the ultrastructure of oval cells in children with chronic hepatitis B, with special emphasis on their location in areas of collagen fibroplasia. Morphological investigations were conducted on biopsy material obtained from 40 children, aged 3-16 years with chronic hepatitis B. The stage of fibrosis was assessed histologically using ...
Stenzinger Albrecht - - 2007
Expression of the novel protein tyrosine phosphatase interacting protein 51 (PTPIP51) was investigated on mRNA and protein level in the liver of adult Wistar rats. The presence of PTPIP51 mRNA was detected by Northern blotting. Immunostaining showed expression of PTPIP51 protein in distinct non-parenchymal cells. These cells were identified as ...
Enomoto Nobuyuki - - 2007
The hepatotoxic effects of alcohol have been described in detail, but mechanisms underlying the hepatotoxicity have been only partially characterized. Recently, increasing lines of evidence indicate that Kupffer cells play multiple roles in initiation and progression of alcoholic steatohepatitis. After ethanol exposure, Kupffer cells are activated via a mechanism dependent ...
Codes Liana - - 2007
The main injury caused by hepatitis C virus is the hepatic fibrosis, as a result of a chronic inflammatory process in the liver characterized by the deposit of components from the extracellular matrix. The fibrosis development leads to the modification of the hepatic architecture, of the hepatocellular function and to ...
Marí Montserrat - - 2007
Sphingolipids (SLs) comprise a class of lipids with important structural functions and increasing relevance in cellular signalling. In particular, ceramide has attracted considerable attention owing to its role as a second messenger modulating several cell functions such as proliferation, gene expression, differentiation, cell cycle arrest and cell death. Increasing evidence ...
Gutiérrez-Ruiz Ma Concepción - - 2007
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are the principal fibrogenic cell type in the liver. Progress in understanding the cellular and molecular basis for the development and progression of liver fibrosis could be possible by the development of methods to isolate HSC from rodents and human liver. Growth of stellate cells on ...
Zhang Binghua - - 2007
Ligands specific to cell surface receptors have been heavily investigated in cancer research. Phage display technology is a powerful tool in this field and may impact clinical issues including functional diagnosis and targeted drug delivery. In this study, a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) and a normal hepatocyte line (L-02) ...
Yoshimura Ryoichi - - 2007
Vagal hyperactivity correlates with enhanced DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in the peripheral tissues of ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH)-lesioned rats. The infusion of an ACh receptor agonist, carbachol (Cch), induces rat duodenal and pancreatic cell proliferation to a degree comparable to the VMH lesions. Whereas the VMH lesions also induce the ...
Leclercq Isabelle A - - 2007
Hepatic insulin resistance is an important underlying cause of the metabolic syndrome that manifests itself in diseases such as diabetes type II, atherosclerosis or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this paper, we summarize comprehensively the current state of knowledge pertaining to the molecular mechanisms that lead to insulin resistance ...
Kruskal Jonathan B JB Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, West Clinical Center-CC302B, 1 Deaconess Rd, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2007
To prospectively use optical imaging to study the cell-specific mechanisms of entrapment and subsequent growth of two human colon cancer cell lines differing in their propensity to form hepatic metastases. In this Animal Care Committee-approved study, intravital optical imaging was performed in exteriorized livers of three groups of mice after ...
Anselmi Kristin - - 2007
A potential application of gliotoxin therapy for liver fibrosis was suggested by its apoptotic effect on fibrogenic activated stellate cells. We investigated if gliotoxin exerts similar effects on hepatic macrophage Kupffer cells. Effects of gliotoxin on Kupffer cells isolated from the normal liver and in vivo following its administration to ...
Poyck Paul P C - - 2007
The selection of a cell type for bioartificial liver (BAL) systems for the treatment of patients with acute liver failure is in part determined by issues concerning patient safety and cell availability. Consequently, mature porcine hepatocytes (MPHs) have been widely applied in BAL systems. The success of clinical BAL application ...
Catalá M - - 2007
An inadequate balance between oxidant species and antioxidant mechanisms may constitute the primary mechanisms of a number of pathologies. The liver plays a central role in this balance: parenchymal hepatic cells contain and export especially high levels of the antioxidant glutathione and activated Kupffer cells release inflammation mediators and reactive ...
Totsugawa Toshinori - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatocyte transplantation and bioartificial liver treatment are attractive alternatives to liver transplantation. The availability of well-characterized human hepatocyte lines facilitates such cell therapies. METHODS: Human hepatocytes were immortalized with a retroviral vector SSR#197 expressing catalytic subunit of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) cDNAs ...
Spee B - - 2007
A deletion in the copper metabolism (Murr1) domain containing 1 (COMMD1) gene is associated with hepatic copper toxicosis in dogs, yet evidence of copper retention in COMMD1-depleted hepatic cells has not been shown. In a dog hepatic cell line, we analysed the copper metabolic functions after an 80% (mRNA and ...
Best D Hunter - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH) in retrorsine-exposed rats is accomplished through proliferation and differentiation of small hepatocyte-like progenitor cells (SHPCs). The cells of origin of SHPCs are not known. We investigated the possibility that SHPCs are directly derived from oval cells, a known liver progenitor cell, by combining ...
Peng Yanhua - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Kupffer cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various liver diseases. Primary cultures of Kupffer cells have a very limited life span, tend to de-differentiate and become senescent, and therefore are not suitable for cell signaling studies. AIM: To establish immortalized rat Kupffer cell lines that facilitate mechanistic ...
Ebner Hannes L - - 2007
The mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK is an important signalling molecule involved in the control of cell proliferation, differentiation and cell death, targeting molecules at the cell membrane, in the cytosol, and in the nucleus. This study investigated the activation pattern and subcellular distribution of ERK in liver and gill cells ...
Zhou Hongchao - - 2007
Hepatocyte function and regeneration are severely compromised in severe liver disease, and a common sequela is cirrhosis. Structural changes caused by cirrhosis create a cellular environment conducive to the formation of ductular reactions (DRs). Ductular reactions are primarily composed of oval cells also known as "intermediate hepatobiliary cells". We have ...
Gressner Olav A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fibrosis is the excessive deposition and histological redistribution of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the tissue as consequence of chronic liver damage. It leads to progressive liver insufficiency, portal hypertension and ultimately to cirrhosis and primary liver cell carcinoma. There is a strong demand for reliable, organ- and disease-specific, non-invasive ...
Bailly-Maitre Béatrice - - 2007
The liver has enormous regenerative capacity such that, after partial hepatectomy, hepatocytes rapidly replicate to restore liver mass, thus providing a context for studying in vivo mechanisms of cell growth regulation. Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1) is an evolutionarily conserved endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein that suppresses cell death. Interestingly, the BI-1 protein ...
Marek Carylyn J - - 2007
Activated stellate cells are myofibroblast-like cells associated with the generation of fibrotic scaring in chronically damaged liver. Gene chip analysis was performed on cultured fibrotic stellate cells. Of the 51 human CYP genes known, 13 CYP and 5 CYP reduction-related genes were detected with 4 CYPs (CYP1A1, CYP2E1, CY2S1 and ...
Söderdahl Therese - - 2007
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) offer a potential unlimited source for functional human hepatocytes, since hESCs can differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells displaying a characteristic hepatic morphology and expressing several hepatic markers. These hepatocyte-like cells could be used in various human in vitro hepatocyte assays, e.g. as a test system for ...
Mikolajczak Sebastian A - - 2007
The malaria parasite liver stage produces tens of thousands of red cell-infectious forms within its host hepatocyte. It is thought that the vacuole-enclosed parasite completely depends on the host cell for successful development but the molecular parasite-host cell interactions underlying this remarkable growth have remained elusive. Using a yeast two-hybrid ...
Tsuchiya Atsunori - - 2007
Few studies on the long-term culture of postnatal mouse hepatic stem/progenitor cells have been reported. We successfully adapted a serum-free culture system that we employed previously to expand fetal mouse hepatic stem/progenitor cells and maintained them in culture over long periods. The expanded postnatal cells contained immature alpha-fetoprotein-positive cells along ...
Svihálková-Sindlerová L L Laboratory of Cytokinetics, Institute of Biophysics, Královopolská 135, 612 65 Brno, Czech - - 2007
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with molecular weight 278 are a group of PAHs that are mostly not covered by the current monitoring programs, despite their relative abundance in environmental samples and possible carcinogenicity. Although benzo[g]chrysene (BgChry) and dibenz[a,h]anthracene (DBahA) have been for a long time studied as genotoxic, tumour-initiating compounds, ...
Gonçalves Lígia A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Primary hepatocyte cultures are a valuable tool for the understanding of cellular and molecular phenomena occurring during malaria liver stage. This paper describes an improved perfusion/dissociation procedure to isolate hepatocytes from mouse liver that is suitable for malaria studies and allows reproducible preparation of primary hepatocytes with consistent cell ...
Saile B - - 2007
Liver fibrosis is defined as an excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. It is the main complication of chronic liver damage and its endpoint, the liver cirrhosis, is responsible for impressive morbidity and mortality. The accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins in liver fibrosis and cirrhosis is due to different cell types ...
BakaƂa A - - 2007
The aim of the study was to establish the optimal methods for hypothermic storage of equine isolated hepatocytes. Viability of equine isolated hepatocytes after hypothermic storage was dependent on the type of storage medium as well as on the cell density in the storage suspension and the preservation period. Hepatocytes ...
Souza Lourenilson J - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: During acute experimental pancreatitis, inflammatory mediators/cytokines are released by the pancreas and enter the portal venous system, reaching the liver. We investigate some aspects of the liver cell function under conditions of acute pancreatitis and the effect of in vivo treatment with a selective platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist. METHODS: ...
Ikegami Tadashi - - 2007
Hepatic fibrosis is a wound-healing process in the liver with acute and chronic injury and is characterized by an excess production and deposition of extracellular matrix components. Hepatic stellate cells as well as portal fibroblasts play a pivotal role in the liver fibrogenesis. Regarding the origin of these mesenchymal cells, ...
Landmann-Suter Regine - - 2007
Kupfer cells are the most abundant population of tissue macrophages, involved in the pathogenesis of various liver diseases. We generated a murine Kupffer cell line from H2Kb-tsA58 transgenic mice, which has proved useful for the study of drug delivery, of phagocytosis of pathogens and apoptotic cells and of the role ...
van den Broek Walther J A A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Trinucleotide instability is a hallmark of degenerative neurological diseases like Huntington's disease, some forms of spinocerebellar ataxia and myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). To investigate the effect of cell type and cell state on the behavior of the DM1 CTG*CAG repeat, we studied a knock-in mouse model for DM1 ...
Smits Pernelle A - - 2007
Cells with an endothelial phenotype can be cultured from peripheral blood. These cells include cells of a monocytic origin with endothelial features (culture-modified mononuclear cells, CMMCs) and, at later time points, blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs). Both are promising candidates for systemic cell-based cardiovascular therapies and each may have unique ...
Yovchev Mladen I - - 2007
Hepatic progenitor/oval cells appear in injured livers when hepatocyte proliferation is impaired. These cells can differentiate into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes and could be useful for cell and gene therapy applications. In this work, we studied progenitor/oval cell surface markers in the liver of rats subjected to 2-acetylaminofluorene treatment followed by ...
Osna Natalia A - - 2007
Processing of peptides for antigen presentation is catalyzed by antigen-trimming enzymes, including the proteasome and leucine aminopeptidase. Oxidative stress suppresses proteasome function. We hypothesized that in liver cells, processing of antigenic peptides is altered by ethanol metabolism. To address this issue, soluble extracts of ethanol-metabolizing VL-17A cells treated with 100 ...
Lee Ji Youn - - 2006
While cellular micropatterning approaches are employed extensively in cell biology and tissue engineering, only a limited number of methods for analysis of local function in the context of a complex, microfabricated environment are currently available. The present study develops a novel strategy for analysis of local tissue-specific function in cellular ...
Kolios George - - 2006
Kupffer cells, the resident liver macrophages have long been considered as mostly scavenger cells responsible for removing particulate material from the portal circulation. However, evidence derived mostly from animal models, indicates that Kupffer cells may be implicated in the pathogenesis of various liver diseases including viral hepatitis, steatohepatitis, alcoholic liver ...
Allina Jorge - - 2006
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is characterized by loss of tolerance against ubiquitously expressed mitochondrial autoantigens followed by biliary and salivary gland epithelial cell (BEC and SGEC) destruction by autoreactive T cells. It is unclear why BECs and SGECs are targeted. Previous work demonstrated that the reduced form of the major ...
Joseph Brigid - - 2006
Disruption of the hepatic endothelial barrier or Kupffer cell function facilitates transplanted cell engraftment in the liver. To determine whether these mechanisms could be activated simultaneously, we studied the effects of monocrotaline, a pyrollizidine alkaloid, with reported toxicity in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and Kupffer cells. The effects of monocrotaline ...
Kuroda N - - 2006
A 47-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed as having acute biphenotypic leukemia with association of t(9;22)(q34;q11). Cholestatic liver dysfunction arose, and she died of cachexia and intracranial hemorrhage. Autopsy showed unusual hepatic fibrosis. In the liver, bridging infiltration, bridging necrosis and bridging fibrosis by leukemic cells were seen. It seemed that ...
Roberts Ruth A - - 2007
Kupffer cells are resident macrophages of the liver and play an important role in its normal physiology and homeostasis as well as participating in the acute and chronic responses of the liver to toxic compounds. Activation of Kupffer cells directly or indirectly by toxic agents results in the release of ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >