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Zhang Qiaoyin - - 2013
Trametenolic acid B (TAB), the bioactive component in the Trametes lactinea (Berk.) Pat, was reported to possess cytotoxic activities and thrombin inhibiting effects. This study was performed to investigate the effects of TAB on H(+)/K(+)-ATPase and gastric cancer. The H(+)/K(+)-ATPase inhibitory activity was determined by gastric parietal cells. Compared to ...
Blair Seth S - - 2012
Several spatial cues combine to influence cell polarity within the plane of the Drosophila wing epithelium, orienting two separable mechanisms of short-range intercellular communication, one utilizing the 'core' polarity proteins, and another utilizing the protocadherins Dachsous and Fat, and the atypical myosin Dachs.
Altaf Fadwa J - - 2012
To evaluate Pap smear (PS) diagnoses at a tertiary care hospital using the revised Bethesda system, and to compare the results with other similar studies. We designed a retrospective study to review all PS from the Cytopathology Department of King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from January 2005 to ...
Ignjatović Durđica - - 2012
A group of sixteen arylpiperazines had been previously synthesized and evaluated for atypical antipsychotic activity. Here we examined these compounds for their neuroprotective capacity. The affinity and agonist/antagonist action of the arylpiperazines at dopamine hD(2S) receptors were determined in vitro on membranes from stably transfected CHO-hD(2S) cell line. The assays ...
Ota Akira - - 2012
Aripiprazole is the only atypical antipsychotic drug known to cause the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in PC12 cells. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phosphorylation in aripiprazole-treated PC12 cells have not yet been clarified. Here, using PC12 cells, we show that these cells incubated for 24 h with ...
Vandernoot Isabelle - - 2012
The thyroid contains two types of cells, the thyroid follicular cells and the calcitonin-producing cells. The site of origin of the thyroid follicular cells is the median thyroid anlage, an endothelial diverticulum in the midline of the ventral pharynx between the first and the second pharyngeal pouches. The ultimobranchial bodies ...
Shin Ji Hyun - - 2012
Autophagy is associated with cell survival and cell death. Autophagy is implicated in the pathophysiology of various human diseases. In order to identify autophagy regulatory molecules, we screened a chemical drug library in SH-SY5Y cells and selected Sertindole as a potent autophagy inducer. Sertindole was developed as an antipsychotic drug ...
Jaeger T - - 2012
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare, but highly malignant tumor of the skin with high rates of metastasis and poor survival. Its incidence rate rises and is currently about 0.6/100000/year. Clinical differential diagnoses include basal cell carcinoma, cyst, amelanotic melanoma, lymphoma and atypical fibroxanthoma. In this review article clinical, histopathological ...
Martin Pilar - - 2012
The members of the atypical Protein Kinase Cs (aPKC) kinase subfamily, PKCζ and PKCλ/ɩ, as well as their adapters, p62 and Par-6, form part of the PB1-domain-containing group of signaling regulators. Both adapters serve to locate through heterotypic interactions the aPKCs into the NF-κB and cell polarity pathways, respectively. Both ...
D'Agostino Maria - - 2011
Background: Novel molecularly targeted drugs are undergoing preclinical and clinical testing to assess their efficacy against refractory thyroid carcinomas. The multikinase inhibitor Sunitinib has been shown to inhibit the kinase activity of the RET oncogene and reduce proliferation in differentiated thyroid cancer cells harboring the RET/PTC rearrangement. In this study, ...
Albi E - - 2011
Although differences in size of the right and left thyroid lobes are well defined, differences in morphology, follicles structure, cAMP production, thyrotropin receptor, and protein involved in cell signalling have not previously been reported. This study provides morpho-functional data of right and left thyroid lobes by biochemical, immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting and ...
Morillo-Bernal J - - 2011
Ghrelin is a 28-amino-acid peptide that stimulates pituitary growth-hormone secretion and modulates food-intake and energy metabolism in mammals. It is mainly secreted by the stomach, but it is also expressed in many other tissues such as cartilage or the thyroid gland. In the present study we have analyzed by RT-PCR ...
Malehmir Mohsen - - 2011
Since all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has shown promising results in differentiation therapy, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of ATRA on thyroid carcinoma and to evaluate the effectiveness of ATRA in redifferentiation induction of thyroid carcinoma. Therefore, we investigated cell growth rate, morphological and nuclear: cytoplasmic ratio, ...
Jeong Woo-Jin - - 2011
Sunitinib, a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is frequently incorporated into the management of papillary thyroid carcinoma refractory to standard therapies. Although clinical trials are in progress, the mechanism of action in papillary thyroid carcinomas is not clear, especially regarding the effect on BRAF mutation. We investigated the effect of sunitinib ...
Geraldo M V - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small non-coding RNAs involved in post-transcriptional gene regulation that have crucial roles in several types of tumors, including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). miR-146b-5p is overexpressed in PTCs and is regarded as a relevant diagnostic marker for this type of cancer. A computational search revealed that miR-146b-5p putatively ...
Cohen Keren - - 2011
Experimental and clinical observations suggest that thyroid hormone (L-thyroxine, T4, and 3, 5, 3'-triiodo-L-thyronine, T3) can support cancer cell proliferation. T3 and T4 promote both tumor cell division and angiogenesis by activating mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) via binding to a hormone receptor on the αvβ3 integrin, over-expressed on many cancer ...
Leone Vincenza - - 2011
MicroRNA (miRNA or miR) are an important class of regulators that participate in such biological functions as development, cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of miRNA in cell proliferation using a unique cell system, namely thyroid cells that require thyrotropin for ...
Toni Roberto - - 2011
Ex situ bioengineering is one of the most promising perspectives in the field of regenerative medicine allowing for organ reconstruction outside the living body; i.e. on the laboratory bench. A number of hollow viscera of the cardiovascular, respiratory, genitourinary, and digestive systems have been successfully bioengineered ex situ, exploiting biocompatible ...
De Felice Mario - - 2011
In vertebrates the portion of the thyroid gland synthesizing the thyroid hormones develops from a small group of endodermal cells in the foregut. The nature of the signals that lead to the biochemical and morphogenetic events responsible for the organization of these cells into the adult thyroid gland has only ...
Kang Hee Joon - - 2011
Thyroid carcinogenesis is accompanied by loss of thyroid-specific functions and refractory to radioiodine and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy. Redifferentiating agents have been shown to inhibit tumor growth and improve the response to conventional therapy. Polyphenol phytochemicals (PPs) in fruits and vegetables have been reported to inhibit cancer initiation, ...
Massart C - - 2011
H(2)O(2) generation by dual oxidase (DUOX) at the apex of thyroid cells is the limiting factor in the oxidation of iodide and the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Its characteristics have been investigated using different in vitro models, from the most physiological thyroid slices to the particulate fraction isolated from transfected ...
Somjen D - - 2011
The incidence of thyroid cancer is up to 3 folds higher in women than in men, suggesting that estrogenic effects may be involved in the pathogenesis of this malignancy. Here, we explore whether or not human thyroid cancer cell growth can be curbed by a novel isoflavone derivative generated in ...
Feng Fang - - 2011
Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) usually has a high iodine uptake. However, dedifferentiation of DTC with decreased or no radioiodine ((131)I) uptake is observed in clinical practice, with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of (131)I radiation on radioiodine uptake (RAIU) and the expression of ...
Jancic S - - 2011
Purpose: The objective of our study was to make morphological and functional analysis of thyroid C cells in rats chronically exposed to cadmium (Cd). Methods: The study was carried out on female albino Wistar rats (n=22, age=35-37 days, body mass 120-140 g), divided in control (n=11) and experimental group (n=11). ...
Coscia M - - 2011
Tumor cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are more prone to apoptosis when cultured ex vivo, because they lack prosurvival signals furnished in vivo via B-cell receptor (BCR)-dependent and -independent pathways. This study compared the susceptibility of unmutated (UM) and mutated (M) CLL B cells to spontaneous apoptosis and prosurvival ...
Huber S - - 2011
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has a high prevalence in western countries and remains incurable to date. Here, we provide evidence that the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib induces apoptosis in primary CLL cells. This strong pro-apoptotic effect is not restricted to any subgroup of patients, based on Binet stage and the expression ...
Kazakov S P - - 2011
Combined phenotypes of cells with membrane and intracellular expression of apoptosis and proliferation regulation markers (p53, bcl-2, CD95, CD95L, Ki-67) were studied by flow cytometry of cell suspension from thyroid tissue specimens from patients with autoimmune diseases, adenoma, and thyroid cancer. The incidence of cell groups with phenotypes p53/Ki-67, p53/CD95, ...
Martins Ds - - 2011
Previously, three distinct populations of putative primordial germ cells (PGCs), namely gonocytes, intermediate cells and pre-spermatogonia, have been described in the human foetal testis. According to our knowledge, these PGCs have not been studied in any other species. The aim of our study was to identify similar PGC populations in ...
Zhang Cheng - - 2011
Thyroid hormone (TH) is important for normal reproductive function. Our previous studies indicate that FSH increases preantral follicle growth in vitro, a response markedly enhanced by triiodothyronine (T3). However, the nature of this hormonal interaction is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to determine if and how T3 ...
Wood William M - - 2011
Undifferentiated (anaplastic) thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most aggressive human malignancies and no effective therapy is currently available. We show here that PPARγ levels are elevated in cells derived from ATC. Depletion of PPARγ in HTh74 ATC cells resulted in decreased cell growth, cell cycle arrest and a ...
Essafi Makram - - 2011
FOXO proteins are Akt-regulated transcription factors involved in the control of cell cycle, DNA repair, stress defense, apoptosis, and tumor suppression. We reported that plasmid-based overexpression of constitutively active FOXO3 in cells from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) reduced their survival, suggesting that increasing FOXO3 activity in hematologic malignancies may represent ...
Meng Ran - - 2011
A cell surface receptor for thyroid hormone that activates extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 has been identified on integrin αvβ3. We have examined the actions of thyroid hormone initiated at the integrin on human NCI-H522 non-small cell lung carcinoma and NCI-H510A small cell lung cancer cells. At a physiologic total ...
Nettersheim Daniel - - 2011
Testicular germ cell tumors are the most frequent malignant tumors in young Caucasian males, with increasing incidence. The actual model of tumorigenesis is based on the theory that a block in maturation of fetal germ cells lead to formation of the intratubular germ cell neoplasia unclassified. Early fetal germ cells ...
Bastin-Coyette L - - 2011
Nucleoside analogs (NAs) represent an important class of anticancer agents that induce cell death after conversion to triphosphate derivatives. One of their most important mechanisms of action is the activation of p53, leading to apoptosis through the intrinsic pathway. Classically, the activation of p53 also induces p21 accumulation, which leads ...
West Franklin D - - 2011
Early germ-like cells (GLCs) derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have presented new opportunities to study germ cell differentiation in vitro. However, differentiation conditions that facilitate the formation of haploid cells from the derived GLCs have eluded the field. The inability to propagate GLCs in culture is a further ...
Kota Satya K - - 2010
Germ cell development is controlled by unique gene expression programs and involves epigenetic reprogramming of histone modifications and DNA methylation. The central event is meiosis, during which homologous chromosomes pair and recombine, processes that involve histone alterations. At unpaired regions, chromatin is repressed by meiotic silencing. After meiosis, male germ ...
Ge Lili - - 2011
The promoter sequence of sperm-expressed gene, PzIPT isolated from the S(vn) (sperm associated with the vegetative nucleus) of Plumbago zeylanica, was fused to a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter sequence and transformed into Arabidopsis thaliana to better visualize the live behavior of angiosperm sperm cells. Angiosperm sperm cells are not ...
Tanaka Satomi S - - 2010
Mouse embryos lacking Lhx1 (Lim1) activity display defective gastrulation and are deficient of primordial germ cells (PGCs) (Tsang et al. [2001] International Journal of Developmental Biology 45:549-555). To dissect the specific role of Lhx1 in germ cell development, we studied embryos with conditional inactivation of Lhx1 activity in epiblast derivatives, ...
Serrano Lourdes - - 2011
The maintenance of genomic integrity is crucial to embryonic stem cells (ESC) considering the potential for propagating undesirable mutations to the resulting somatic and germ cell lineages. Indeed, mouse ESC (mESC) exhibit a significantly lower mutation frequency compared to differentiated cells. This could be due to more effective elimination of ...
Nagao Akihiro - - 2010
PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) silence transposable elements in animal germ cells. In Drosophila ovaries, piRNAs are produced by two distinct pathways: the "ping-pong" amplification cycle that operates in germ cells and a ping-pong-independent pathway termed the primary pathway that mainly operates in somatic cells. AGO3, one of three PIWI proteins in ...
Tarbashevich Katsiaryna - - 2011
Primordial germ cell (PGC) development in Xenopus embryos relies on localised maternal determinants. We report on the identification and functional characterisation of such one novel activity, a germ plasm associated mRNA encoding for the Xenopus version of a kinesin termed KIF13B. Modulations of xKIF13B function result in germ cell mismigration ...
Kim Bongki - - 2011
Over the first 4 days of their life, primordial germ cells invade the endoderm, migrate into and through the developing hindgut, and traverse to the genital ridge where they cluster and ultimately inhabit the nascent gonad. Specific signal-receptor combinations between primordial germ cells and their immediate environment establish successful migration ...
Tarbashevich Katsiaryna - - 2010
In many species, primordial germ cells (PGCs) migrate from the position where they are specified to the site where the gonad develops, where they differentiate into sperm and egg. Germ cells thus serve as an excellent model for studying cell migration in the context of the live organism. In recent ...
Eun Suk Ho SH Department of Biology, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, - - 2010
Germ cells and somatic cells have the identical genome. However, unlike the mortal fate of somatic cells, germ cells have the unique ability to differentiate into gametes that retain totipotency and produce an entire organism upon fertilization. The processes by which germ cells differentiate into gametes, and those by which ...
Sabour Davood - - 2011
Molecular mechanisms underlying the commitment of cells to the germ cell lineage during mammalian embryogenesis remain poorly understood due to the limited availability of cellular materials to conduct in vitro analyses. Although primordial germ cells (PGCs)-precursors to germ cells-have been generated from embryonic stem cells (ESCs)-pluripotent stem cells derived from ...
Elliott Michael R - - 2010
Apoptosis and the subsequent removal of dying cells are crucial processes for tissue development and maintenance. Although we are beginning to understand the signaling pathways that control the phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells, the physiological relevance of these pathways is lacking. During spermatogenesis, over half of the developing germ cells ...
Marin Gustavo Horacio - - 2010
Background: B-cell chronic lymphocitic leukemia (B-CLL) still remains as an uncurable disease. Even the newest antineoplastic agents have demonstrated limitations in their efficacy. For this reason, further research of new compounds must be done. New pharmacological properties can be obtained from a great diversity botanical species. Among these products, Magnolia ...
Pawlak John B - - 2010
A previous study suggested that mesendoderm (ME) cell arrest occurred at the 64-cell stage and a ring of eight presumptive naupliar mesoderm cells or crown cells surrounded the blastopore in the Kuruma shrimp Penaeus (Marsupenaeus) japonicus. Since this varied from the pattern observed in other penaeoidean shrimp, cleavage and gastrulation ...
Civinini A - - 2010
The immunohistochemical (IHC) localization of oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα) was studied in the developing left ovary of 14.5-day-old chick embryos. The study was focused in particular on distinguishing in cortex and medulla the different cell categories that proved positive to the reaction, in order to gain further understanding of gonadal ...
Li Hui H Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1544, - - 2011
Vitamin A (retinol) is required for maintenance of adult mammalian spermatogenesis. In adult rodents, vitamin A withdrawal is followed by a loss of differentiated germ cells within the seminiferous epithelium and disrupted spermatogenesis that can be restored by vitamin A replacement. However, whether vitamin A plays a role in the ...
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