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Results 401 - 450 of 1385
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Cheng Samuel Chak-Sum - - 2005
Chemoresistance in cancer cells is frequently associated with an over-expression of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp). The expression of P-gp can be regulated as the cells encounter a number of chemical, physical or environmental stimuli. In this study, P-gp was found gradually expressed in a human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) QGY-7703 cells after ...
Mei Yuying - - 2005
Tea polyphenol (TP), (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in particular, were examined for their reversal effects on multidrug resistance (MDR) with their antioxidant capacities. TP and EGCG were proved to exert reversal effects on drug resistance KB-A-1 cells by 5.2 and 2.5 times, respectively, but no such effects were found on drug ...
Echevarria-Lima Juliana - - 2005
Multidrug resistance proteins [MRPs and P-glycoprotein (Pgp)] are members of the family of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport proteins, originally described as being involved in the resistance against anti-cancer agents in tumour cells. These proteins act as ATP-dependent efflux pumps and have now been described in normal cells where they exert ...
Márián Teréz - - 2005
AIM: To study the accumulation and washout kinetics of [99mTc]-hexakis-2-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) in MDR positive and MDR negative tumour cells and how this is modified by lipophilic P-glycoprotein ligands. METHODS: The tumour cells were incubated in the presence and absence of the ligands and the uptakes of 99mTc-MIBI, rhodamine 123 ...
Yueh Mei-Fei - - 2005
CYP1A is a subfamily of cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the metabolism of numerous therapeutic drugs and in the bioactivation of procarcinogens to mutagens. Because of their diverse metabolic capacities, differences in expression of CYP1A enzymes may profoundly influence drug-drug interactions and drug or carcinogen activation and detoxification. Here, we ...
Shabbir Arsalan - - 2005
1,1-Bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane (DDT) is an organochlorine pesticide. Its metabolite, 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-ethene (p,p'-DDE) is a persistent environmental contaminant and both compounds accumulate in animals. Because multidrug resistance transporters, such as p-glycoprotein, function as a defense against xenobiotic exposure, we analyzed the ability of DDT and p,p'-DDE to act as efflux modulators. Using a ...
Angelini Antonio - - 2005
Anticoagulant treatment with heparins is frequently used to prevent venous thromboembolism in cancer patients. In the present study, we investigated the ability of unfractionated heparin (UFH) to inhibit P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) on human breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB231) and its doxo-resistant subline. Results were a compared to the ...
Sugawara Shigeki - - 2005
Rhamnose-binding lectin from catfish (Silurus asotus) eggs (SAL) has the ability to induce externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS), followed by cell shrinkage in globotriaosylceramide (Gb3)-expressing Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cells. Because phospholipid scramblase and aminophospholipid translocase did not participate in SAL-induced PS externalization, we examined the relationship of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, ...
Savitskiy Valeriy P - - 2005
AIM: This work deals with studying the influence of overexpression and function activity of multidrug transporter protein P-gp 170 on the intracellular accumulation of several porphyrin sensitizers, including chlorin e6 (Chl e6), di- (DME) and trimethyl esters (TME) of Chl e6. METHODS: A parental IM9 cell line and two IM9 ...
Limtrakul P - - 2005
The 170 kDa plasma membrane P-glycoprotein (Pgp) causes the efflux of chemotherapeutic drugs from cells and is believed to be an important mechanism in multidrug resistance (MDR) in human cancer. This study demonstrates that some putative flavonoids, i.e., flavonols (quercetin and kaempferol) and isoflavones (genistein and daidzein) markedly increase the ...
Francis Mira F - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the effectiveness of two types of polysaccharide-based micelles as delivery vehicles for poorly water soluble drugs by monitoring their permeability across Caco-2 cell monolayers. METHODS: Dextran (DEX) and hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) were hydrophobically modified (HM) by grafting polyoxyethylene cetyl ether (POE-C16, 15 mol% and 5.4 mol%, ...
Uozurmi K - - 2005
New multidrug resistant cell lines developed from the canine B cell lymphoma cell line (GL-1) were characterized in terms of chemosensitivity to some antineoplastics and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression. GL-1 was continuously exposed to a culture medium containing gradually increasing levels of doxorubicin and the cells that could grow in the ...
Xiao Jim J - - 2005
Depsipeptide FK228 [(E)-(1S,4S,10S,21R)-7[(Z)-ethylideno]-4,21-diisopropyl-2-oxa-12,13-dithia-5,8,20,23-tetraazabicyclo[8,7,6]-tricos-16-ene-3,6,9,22-pentanone], a novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, previously was reported to be a P-glycoprotein (Pgp) substrate. We now expand the investigation to demonstrate that FK228 is a substrate for Pgp and multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1). Transport of FK228 across the Caco-2 cell monolayer in apical to basolateral ...
Molinari A - - 2005
Melanoma cells exhibit a high level of intrinsic or acquired resistance to the cytotoxic agents often associated with the over-expression of drug transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp). In this in vitro study, we investigated the possible relationship between P-gp and CD44, the cell adhesion molecule involved in metastasis and tumor ...
Qia Sen - - 2005
To reverse multidrug resistance(MDR) of HepG2 by anti-MDR1 hammerhead ribozyme, an anti-MDR1 hammerhead ribozyme was developed and delivered to P-gp-overproducing human hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2 by a retroviral vector containing RNA polymerase III promoter. The expression of mdr1/Pgp and Rz was detected in HepG2, HepG2 multidrug-resistant cell line and HepG2 ...
Prime-Chapman Hannah - - 2005
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) is associated with active drug efflux and may influence oral bioavailability of common classes of drugs. MRP2 expression demonstrates plasticity. Caco-2 cells, a routine in vitro model for predicting oral bioavailability, are often cultured in media containing antibiotics. We have investigated whether exposure of Caco-2 ...
Nascimento Clarissa R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although cyclosporin A (CSA) inhibits P-glycoprotein (ABCB1), the relationship between this inhibition and CSA-induced nephrotoxicity is not established. METHODS: Three renal cell lines were used to investigate the effects of CSA in cellular viability and accumulation of rhodamine 123 (Rho123): LLC-PK1, which does not express ABCB1 substantially; MDCK, expressing ...
Fröhlich Margit - - 2004
The well known gender-related differences in drug action may partly be explained by changes in activity and expression of drug metabolising enzymes, but also by modulation of active drug transport systems (e.g. P-glycoprotein, Pgp) by sexual steroids, which is yet not well investigated. Because many women are using hormones (e.g. ...
Sugawara Tatsuya - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine whether sphingoid bases that originated from various dietary sources, such as mammals, plants, and fungi, are substrates for P-glycoprotein in differentiated Caco-2 cells, which are used as a model of intestinal epithelial cells. In Caco-2 cells, the uptake of sphingosine, the most ...
Souslova Tatiana - - 2004
PURPOSE: Multidrug resistance (MDR) remains one of the primary obstacles in cancer chemotherapy and often involves overexpression of drug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1). Regional hyperthermia is undergoing clinical investigation in combination with chemotherapy or radiotherapy. This study evaluates whether hyperthermia can reverse MDR ...
García-Escarp Marta - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To better characterize the function of the ABCG2 transporter in vitro, we generated three cell lines (MXRA, MXRG, and MXRT) stably expressing ABCG2 after transfection of wild-type ABCG2 and two mutants (R482G and R482T), respectively. METHODS: ABCG2 expression and function were analyzed by flow cytometry using monoclonal antibodies, a ...
Laurand Armelle - - 2004
Doxorubicin (dox) encapsulated in polyisohexylcyanoacrylate nanospheres (PIHCA-dox) can circumvent P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR). In order to investigate whether this drug formulation is able to select MDR cells in culture in the same way as free doxorubicin does, two human tumour cell lines, K562 and MCF7, were grown with increasing concentrations ...
Ren Yuhong - - 2004
A conjugate of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (AS ODN) covalently linked with deoxorubicin (DOX) was synthesized. Its properties and antitumour activity in human carcinoma DOX resistant cells (KB-A-1) were investigated in vitro. The results showed that the conjugate was strongly stable both in Dulbecco's Phosphate-Buffered Saline (PBS) and in culture medium. The ...
Ren Yuhong - - 2004
Bifunctional oligodeoxynucleotide-intercalator conjugates provide new tools for a selective control of gene expression and may have potential applications as novel therapeutic agents. An 'in situ' analysis method has been developed to determine intracellular levels of oligodeoxynucleotide- doxorubicin conjugate which may be used to reverse the multidrug resistance in KB-A-1 cells. ...
Lee Yashang - - 2004
The aqueous extract of Scutellariae baicalensis Georgi has inhibitory activity against P-gp 170, a multiple drug resistant gene product. Baicalein, one of the major flavones, was found to be responsible for this activity. The hydroxyl groups of the A ring of baicalein were systematically alkylated in order to assess the ...
Cao Jian-Guo - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the reversal effect of neferine on multidrug resistance in human gastric carcinoma cell line. METHODS: Cells of a human gastric cancer cells line, SGC7901, and its vincristine (VCR) -resistant variant, SGC7901/VCR, were cultivated with or without neferine and/or VCR. The cytotoxic effect of VCR was evaluated by ...
Hooijberg J H - - 2004
An online method was developed to monitor BCRP mediated efflux of fluorescent substrates in suspension cells. To this end, a 2-compartment system consisting of a transwell cup and a cuvette was used. In this system we were able to observe differences in efflux kinetics between BCRP overexpressing RPMI 8226/MR cells ...
Piddubnyak Valeria - - 2004
In the present paper we describe the synthesis and toxicity studies of well-defined tailor made oligo-[R,S]-3-hydroxybutyrates (OHBs). The results indicate potential applicability of these nano-polymers as drug delivery carriers. Several OHBs of number average molecular weight (M(n)) ranging from 800 to 2400 have been synthesized and tested on transformed hamster ...
Bai Jingming - - 2004
PURPOSE: The feasibility of intracellular mdr1 mRNA expression detection with radiolabeled antisense oligonucleotide (ODN) was investigated in the murine leukemia cell line, P388/S, and its subclonal, adriamycin-resistant cell line, P388/R. METHODS: The expression level of mdr1 mRNA was analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Existence of the multidrug resistance ...
Orlický J - - 2004
Multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype of L1210/VCR cell line, acquired by selection for vincristine (VCR), is predominantly mediated by P-glycoprotein (Pgp). Calcein/AM (Cal) was recently described as a fluorescent substrate for Pgp and may be used for measuring of transport activity of Pgp. Expression of Pgp in the cells prevents them ...
Yaz Gökçen - - 2004
The antitumoral activity of nonsteroidal antiestrogens on C6 and low passage of human glioma cells was investigated. Tamoxifen and its metabolite, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, did not influence viability of the human cells, but tamoxifen had a limited antiproliferative effect on C6 cells (IC50: 49 micromol/l). The derivatives of tamoxifen, nafoxidine and clomiphene, ...
Chen Li-ming - - 2004
Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) by tumours results in multidrug resistance (MDR) to structurally and functionally unrelated chemotherapeutic drugs. Combined therapy with MDR-related cytotoxins and MDR modulators is a promising strategy to overcome clinical MDR. This study was performed to explore the MDR reversal activity of a novel compound 2-[4-(2-pyridin-2-yl-vinyl) phenyl]-4,5-bis-(4-N,N-diethylaminophenyl)-1(H)-imidazole ...
de Geus-Oei Lioe-Fee - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: It has been postulated that radiopharmaceuticals can be used to predict the therapeutic response to (chemo)therapy, which could lead to individualized treatment regimens. In this study, 18F-deoxyglucose, 99mTc-tetrofosmin, 125I-deoxyuridineribose, and 125I-methyltyrosine were tested for this purpose. METHODS: The uterine sarcoma cell line MES-SA (MDR-) and its multidrug resistant variant, ...
van Zon Arend - - 2004
Vaults may contribute to multidrug resistance by transporting drugs away from their subcellular targets. To study the involvement of vaults in the extrusion of anthracyclines from the nucleus, we investigated the handling of daunorubicin by drug-sensitive and drug-resistant non-small lung cancer cells, including a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged major vault ...
Dragomir Anca - - 2004
Colchicine has been proposed as a treatment to alleviate chronic lung inflammation in cystic fibrosis patients and clinical trials are ongoing. Our aim was to investigate whether chronic exposure of cystic fibrosis cells to colchicine can affect their ability to transport chloride in response to cAMP. Colchicine-resistant cells were selected ...
Trompier Doriane - - 2004
This study demonstrates that verapamil and a newly synthesized verapamil derivative, NMeOHI(2), behave as apoptogens in multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1)-expressing cells. When treated with either verapamil or NMeOHI(2), surprisingly, baby hamster kidney-21 (BHK) cells transfected with human MRP1 were killed. Because parental BHK cells were not, as well as ...
Fantappiè Ornella - - 2004
Expression of multiple drug resistant (MDR) phenotype and over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell clone P1(0.5), derived from the PLC/PRF/5 cell line (P5), are associated with strong resistance to oxidative stress and a significant (p < 0.01) increase in intracellular vitamin E content as compared ...
Tang R - - 2004
The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype, induced by the overexpression of several ABC transporters or by antiapoptotic mechanisms, has been identified as the major cause of drug resistance in the treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we have shown that valproic acid (VPA) (a histone deacetylase ...
Patel Jignesh - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro interactions of commercially obtained pure herbal constituents with p-glycoprotein P-gp and cytochrome P-450 3A4 (CYP3A4) activities, which can further modulate the transcellular transport and metabolism kinetics of orally administered drugs. Caco-2 cells grown in the presence of 0.25 micromol/L 1alpha,25-dihydroxy ...
Balimane Praveen V - - 2004
The use of Caco-2 cells for screening of discovery compounds for their permeability characteristics and P-glycoprotein interactions is well established and used routinely in pharmaceutical industries world-wide. The screening model involves growing cells on 12 or 24 well transwell format. In this manuscript, we report the use of Caco-2 cells ...
Shaik Madhu Sudhan - - 2004
We have evaluated the effects of monensin liposomes on drug resistance reversal, induction of apoptosis and expression of multidrug resistance (MDR) genes in a doxorubicin-resistant human breast tumour (MCF-7/dox) cell line. Monensin liposomes were prepared by the pH-gradient method. MCF-7/dox cells were treated with various anticancer drugs (doxorubicin, paclitaxel and ...
Li Da-Qiang - - 2004
AIM: To explore the reversal effect of mifepristone on multidrug resistance (MDR) in drug-resistant human gastric cancer cell line SGC7901/VCR and its mechanisms. METHODS: Expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein(MRP) was detected using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Flow cytometry was used to assay the expression of P-glycoprotein(P-gp), Bcl-2, Bax, and the ...
Shi Yongquan - - 2004
Ribosomal proteins (RP) S13 and RPL23 were previously identified as two upregulated genes in a multidrug-resistant gastric cancer cell line SGC7901/VCR compared to its parental cell SGC7901 by differential display PCR. The aim of this study was to explore the roles of RPS13 and RPL23 in multidrug resistance (MDR) in ...
Kinuya Seigo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have demonstrated the feasibility of scintigraphic assessment of the multi-drug resistance (MDR) of tumours caused by ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters by using Tc cationic tracers such as Tc tetrofosmin (TF). Furthermore, the potential of these tracers for evaluating the effects of reversal agents for MDR has ...
Ronaldson Patrick T - - 2004
PURPOSE: Membrane-bound efflux transporters, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), may limit the brain entry and distribution of HIV-1 protease inhibitors and be in part responsible for HIV-1-associated dementia treatment failure. The purpose of this study was to characterize the transport properties of saquinavir and indinavir in a brain microvessel endothelial cell ...
Pajic Marina - - 2004
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a common problem in various types of cancer. One important factor in the development of MDR is overexpression of P-glycoprotein, encoded by the MDR1 gene. Morphine is the opioid of choice for moderate to severe cancer pain, and is a substrate of P-glycoprotein. Recently, morphine has ...
Sharma Girish - - 2004
With an approach to enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy agents against breast cancer treatment, here, we investigated the anti-cancer effects of grape seed extract (GSE) and doxorubicin (Dox), either alone or in combination, in estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 and receptor-negative MDA-MB468 human breast carcinoma cells. GSE (25-200 micro g/ml) treatment of ...
Wang Yi - - 2004
AIM: To establish a high P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expressing cell line as a model for studying drug absorption and distribution, and to explore the preliminary application of this screening model. METHODS: A full-length MDR1 cDNA fragment in plasmid pMDRA1 was first subcloned into plasmid pET28a(+), then MDR1 cDNA was cut from ...
Woodahl Erica L - - 2004
The significance of the human multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) G1199A polymorphism, resulting in a Ser400Asn modification in P-glycoprotein (P-gp), remains unclear. We have developed stable recombinant LLC-PK1 epithelial cells expressing either MDR1wt or MDR11199 to evaluate functional consequences of G1199A [N-(4-[2-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6,7-dimethoxy-2-isoquinolinyl)ethyl]-phenyl)-9,10-dihydro-5-methoxy-9-oxo-4-acridine carboxamide]. P-gp activity observed in MDR1wt and MDR11199 cells ...
Hooijberg Jan Hendrik - - 2004
The Multidrug Resistance Protein MRP1 (ABCC1) can confer resistance to a variety of therapeutic drugs. In addition, MRP1/ABCC1 mediates cellular export of natural folates, such as folic acid and l-leucovorin. In this study we determined whether cellular folate status affected the functional activity of MRP1/ABCC1 mediated efflux of an established ...
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