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Results 351 - 400 of 1383
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Wesolowska Olga - - 2006
The ability of fifteen novel phenoxazine derivatives (four phenoxazines and eleven benzo[a]phenoxazines) to modulate multidrug resistance (MDR) in a P-gp-overexpressing mouse T lymphoma cell line (L5178 MDR) was studied. A flow cytometric functional test, based on the differential accumulation of rhodamine 123 by sensitive and multidrug-resistant cells, was employed. Seven ...
Spee Bart - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis resistance occurs in various tumors. The anti-apoptotic XIAP protein is responsible for inhibiting apoptosis by reducing caspase-3 activation. Our aim is to evaluate whether RNA inhibition against XIAP increases the sensitivity of canine cell-lines for chemotherapeutics such as TRAIL and doxorubicin. We used small interfering RNA's (siRNA) directed ...
Baehr Carsten - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to develop an in vitro choroid plexus (CP) epithelial cell culture model for studying transport of protein-mediated drug secretion from blood to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and vice versa. METHODS: Cells were isolated by mechanical and enzymatic treatment of freshly isolated porcine plexus ...
Duraj J - - 2006
Naturally occurring dietary compound resveratrol (RES), possessing chemopreventive and cytostatic properties, has been shown as potent sensitizer for apoptosis induced by a variety of anticancer drugs. Cell cycle analysis in sensitive promyelocytic leukemia HL60 cell line and its multidrug-resistant variant HL60/VCR (P-gp positive) treated with RES resulted in cell cycle ...
Stehfest Ekkehard - - 2006
Defense against toxic endo- and xenobiotics is a major concern of all living species and ABC transporters play a vital role in this defense system. Multidrug resistance associated proteins 1 (MRP1) is a cellular detoxifying factor supposed to transport a wide range of compounds across cell membranes either as GSH ...
Matsunaga Seita - - 2006
Drug resistance continues to be a serious problem in cancer therapy. We investigated whether indomethacin, which inhibited cyclooxygenases, would overcome doxorubicin resistance in K562/ADR leukemia cells. Indomethacin at 10 muM increased the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin, as well as vincristine in K562/ADR. Both multi-drug resistant protein1 (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein were overexpressed ...
Meschini S - - 2005
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumor cells is generally associated with increased efflux of the cytotoxic compounds, due to the activation of mechanisms of intracellular transport and to the overexpression of surface proteins, such as P-glycoprotein (Pgp), which act as ATP-dependent molecular pumps. In a previous study, voacamine, a bisindolic alkaloid ...
Zhu H - - 2005
Aim of the study was to explore the influence of hypoxia on multidrug resistance related genes and the potential role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1-alpha (HIF-1alpha) in formation of multidrug resistance in HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line. HepG2 cells were subjected to hypoxia in a cohort of exposed time. A cell ...
Liang Jun F - - 2005
Cell penetrating peptide TAT was introduced into doxorubicin structure. Synthesized doxorubicin-TAT conjugate showed different intracellular distribution pattern and cell killing activity from those of free doxorubicin. Unlike free doxorubicin, doxorubicin-TAT conjugate was highly permeable to drug-resistant cells and was able to kill drug-resistant tumor cells efficiently.
Bains Onkar S - - 2005
Reducing intracellular xenobiotic concentration is an important defence strategy used by cells challenged with foreign chemicals. One mechanism used to achieve this goal is via the use of P-glycoproteins (P-gps), ATP-dependent transporters that mediate the removal of hydrophobic compounds from cells. The energetic costs of this mechanism are unknown, therefore, ...
Woodahl Erica L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the human multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) G1199A polymorphism (amino acid change Ser400Asn) on P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-dependent transepithelial permeability and uptake kinetics of HIV protease inhibitors (PI), by using recombinant epithelial cells expressing wild-type MDR1 (MDR1wt) or the G1199A variant (MDR1(1199A)). METHODS: Using a recombinant expression ...
Le Goff Wilfried - - 2006
The multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was recently proposed to redistribute cholesterol in the plasma membrane, suggesting that P-gp could modulate cholesterol efflux to cholesterol acceptors. To address this hypothesis and to reevaluate the role of P-gp in cholesterol homeostasis, we first analyzed the role of P-gp expression on cholesterol efflux ...
Supiot Stephane - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze different mechanisms (cell cycle synchronization, DNA damage, and apoptosis) that might underlie potential synergy between chemotherapy (paclitaxel or doxorubicin) and radioimmunotherapy with alpha radionuclides. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Three multiple myeloma cell lines (LP1, RMI 8226, and U266) were treated with 213Bi-radiolabeled B-B4, ...
Zhou Xiao-Fei - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of newly synthesized 4-aryl-1,4-dihydropyridine and pyridines on drug efflux mediated by multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1, ABCC1). These compounds were designed to maximize inhibition of P-glycoprotein and minimize calcium channel binding activity, based on structure modifications of niguldipine. A [3H]vinblastine ...
Kotchetkov Rouslan - - 2005
Acquisition of P-gp-mediated multidrug-resistance does not always correlate with observed malignant behavior of NB. To characterize alterations accompanying development of multidrug-resistance in NB we established two neuroblastoma cell sublines resistant to vincristine (UKF-NB-3rVCR10) and doxorubicin (UKF-NB-3rDOX20). UKF-NB-3rVCR10 and UKF-NB-3rDOX20 overexpressed functional P-gp and developed an increased malignant phenotype: presented constitutive ...
Sulová Zdena - - 2005
L1210/VCR cell line (R) was obtained by adaptation of the L1210 mouse leukaemia cells (S) to vincristine and showed P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated multidrug resistance (MDR). R cells were observed to be more sensitive to high external calcium as parental S. More pronounced calcium uptake was observed for R cells. Moreover, ...
Pérez-Pertejo Yolanda - - 2006
Methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT: EC 2.5.1.6) catalyzes the synthesis of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) in two sequential steps, AdoMet formation and subsequent tripolyphosphate (PPPi) cleavage, induced by AdoMet. In pursuit of a better understanding of the biological function of the enzyme, the MAT gene was cloned into vector PX63NEO to induce episomal overexpression ...
Gong Yuping - - 2006
Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) is a late endosomal/lysosomal membrane protein originally reported on for its role in cholesterol trafficking in mammalian cells. NPC1 has been shown recently to share significant structural homology with a family of prokaryotic permeases and was proposed to play a role in intracellular drug transport; however, the ...
Ko Jeong-Hyeon - - 2005
Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN) has been used in folk medicine for its anti-inflammatory activity. In the present study, we investigated the antiapoptotic effect of UDN glycoprotein in glucose/glucose oxidase (G/GO)-induced BNL CL.2 cells. To evaluate the antiapoptotic effect of UDN glycoprotein, experiments were carried out using Western blot analysis for ...
Marin Matthieu - - 2005
The P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is thought to be involved in the regulation of volume-sensitive chloride channels. In this study, the possible coupling between P-gp and swelling-activated chloride channels has been examined in MCF7 cells with sensitive (MDR-), resistant (MDR+), and reversed resistant (MDR(REV)) phenotypes. Western blot analysis showed that incubation of ...
Murali Krishna C - - 2005
Multidrug resistance (MDR) enables cancer cells to escape cytotoxic insults of anticancer drugs. Rapid identification of cells exhibiting the MDR phenotype is very important since it can lead to an effective and individual patient based treatment plan. We have investigated a combined vibrational spectroscopic approach, using both micro-Raman and FTIR ...
Lee Sei-Jung - - 2005
This study was carried out to investigate apoptotic effects of the glycoprotein (SNL glycoprotein, 150 kDa) isolated from Solanum nigrum Linne, which has been used as an anti-pyretic and anti-cancer agent in folk medicine. We found that the SNL glycoprotein consists of carbohydrate (69.74%) and protein content (30.26%), which has ...
Du Dan - - 2005
A strategy to detect P-glycoprotein (P-gp) on cell membrane and quantify the cell number using electrochemical immunoassay was developed by effective surface immunoreactions and immobilization of cells on a highly hydrophilic interface, which was constructed by adsorption of colloidal gold nanoparticles on a methoxysilyl-terminated (Mos) butyrylchitosan modified glassy carbon electrode ...
Taub Mitchell E - - 2005
Compounds known to modulate P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activity were evaluated in cell monolayers expressing P-gp for their effects on the secretory transport of P-gp substrates paclitaxel, vinblastine, and digoxin. Paclitaxel has been proposed to selectively interact with a binding site on P-gp that is distinct from the vinblastine and digoxin-binding site. ...
Gibson Scott L - - 2005
Several thio and seleno analogues of tetramethylrosamine (TMR) were prepared. Thio derivatives of TMR have absorption maxima near 570 nm, while seleno derivatives of TMR have absorption maxima near 580 nm. The 3- or 4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl substituent in the 9-position greatly increases internal conversion, which lowers quantum yields for fluorescence and ...
Perek Nathalie - - 2005
The main cause of the multidrug resistance (MDR) of glioma cells is the overexpression of MRP-1, often associated with high levels of glutathione (GSH). We investigated whether MRP-1-related GSH content can influence (99m)Tc-glucarate entry by comparing its uptake with that of (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI), an MRP- 1 probe, in an in ...
Wesierska-Gadek Józefa - - 2005
Inactivation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) has been shown to potentiate the cytotoxicity of distinct DNA targeting agents including topoisomerase I inhibitors. On the other hand, the PARP-1 deficient cells exhibited resistance to conventional inhibitors of topoisomerase II such as etoposide or doxorubicin (DOX). Recently, we observed the extreme sensitivity of ...
Watanabe Tomoko - - 2005
PURPOSE: The efflux transporter, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), located in the brush-border membrane of intestinal absorptive cells, reduces the bioavailability of a wide range of orally administered drugs. Using P-gp inhibitors in transport experiments in Caco-2 cell monolayers is widely accepted as an efficient way to estimate the contribution of P-gp to ...
Tang Xiao-qing - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the reversal effects of curcumin on multidrug resistance (MDR) in a resistant human gastric carcinoma cell line. METHODS: The cytotoxic effect of vincristine (VCR) was evaluated by MTT assay. The cell apoptosis induced by VCR was determined by propidium iodide (PI)-stained flow cytometry (FCM) and a morphological ...
Labro M T - - 2005
Macrolides are accumulated in phagocytes, partially via an active transport system; the membrane carrier is not identified but many data indicate a link with the P-glycoprotein family which includes the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) protein. We have used two epithelial cell lines which express either wild-type (N cells) ...
Takeshita A - - 2005
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells express a considerable level of CD33, which is a target of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO), and a significantly lower level of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). In this study, we examined whether GO was effective on all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)- or arsenic trioxide (ATO)-resistant APL cells. Cells used were ...
Yang Chih-Hsin - - 2005
Gefitinib inhibits the ATP-binding site of the tyrosine kinase associated with the epidermal growth factor receptor. It is conceivable that gefitinib may inhibit functions of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters by binding at their ATP-binding sites. The aim of this study is to systematically explore the combined effect of gefitinib and ...
Miraglia Erica - - 2005
Multidrug resistant (MDR) tumor cells exhibit an altered pH gradient across different cell compartments, which favors a reduced intracellular accumulation of antineoplastic drugs and a decreased therapeutic effect. In our study, we have observed that the activity and expression of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE), which is involved in the homeostasis of ...
Chung Soo Yeon - - 2005
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the most significant obstacles in cancer chemotherapy. One of the mechanisms involved in the development of MDR is the over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). It is widely known that natural compounds found in vegetables, fruits, plant-derived beverages and herbal dietary supplements not only have anticancer ...
Villa Anna M - - 2005
In this study, we have shown the intracellular distribution of choline and phosphatidylcholine fluorescent derivatives in human breast carcinoma cells using confocal microscopy. The fluorescent choline derivatives ethanamimium 2-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyl-N-[2-N-(2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-amine,-N-methyl,-7- nitro)-ethyl] bromide (NBD-choline) and C(6)-NBD-phosphatidylcholine (C(6)-NBD-PC) were used in this work. NBD-choline was easily internalised into drug sensitive MCF-7 and in ...
Rumpold Holger - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Resistance to therapeutic drugs is a frequent phenomenon in hematologic malignancies, causing treatment failure in patients with leukemias and lymphomas. Overexpression of the multidrug-resistance gene (MDR-1) and its translational product P-glycoprotein (PgP) represents one mechanism of fatal drug resistance. METHODS: We constructed a nonviral, transposon-based vector system for the ...
Lutz N W - - 2005
KTCTL-26 and KTCTL-2 are renal cell carcinoma (RCC) lines with high and low expression of P-170 glycoprotein, respectively. Inherent differences between the two cell lines in terms of phosphate metabolites and growth characteristics in culture were examined for possible association with multidrug resistance (MDR). Differences in response to drug treatment ...
Hummel Ina - - 2005
HepG2 cells, stably transfected with MDR1 cDNA, encoding the P-glycoprotein multidrug resistance efflux pump, display an altered sphingolipid composition compared to control cells, stably transfected with empty vector. The MDR1 overexpressing cells display a approximately 3-fold increased level of lactosylceramide and an increased ganglioside mass. Both the mRNA and the ...
Wang Yi - - 2005
Quercetin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetin were the most important flavonoid constituents in extracts from Ginkgo biloba leaves. Transport studies of Ginkgo flavonols were performed in Caco-2 cell mono-layers. Their apparent permeability in absorptive and secretion directions was determined, and quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin displayed polarized transport, with the Papp,B-A being higher ...
Xing Hui - - 2005
PURPOSE: A low proliferating fraction in solid tumors limits the effectiveness of cell-cycle-dependent chemotherapeutic agents. To understand the molecular basis of such resistance, we examined the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinases inhibitor p27, and relationship with drug resistance and P-gp expression in ovarian cancer multicellular spheroids. METHODS: We cultured ovarian ...
Gouazé Valérie - - 2005
Overexpression of glucosylceramide synthase (GCS), a pivotal enzyme in glycolipid biosynthesis, contributes to cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy. We previously showed that transfection of doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7-AdrR cells with GCS antisense restored cell sensitivity to doxorubicin and greatly enhanced sensitivity to vinblastine and paclitaxel. In that study, doxorubicin promoted generation of ...
Featherstone Jonathan M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether microinjecting epirubicin into cells showing multidrug resistance (MDR, common to many cancers, including bladder cancer, with resistance to, e.g. anthracyclines and mitomycin C) spares the nucleus, as when these drugs accumulate, distribution in MDR cells characteristically spares the nucleus, suggesting that the nuclear membrane is responsible ...
Vanhuyse Marie - - 2005
Lamellarin D (LAM-D) is a marine alkaloid endowed with potent cytotoxic activities against various tumor cells, in particular human prostate cancer cells and leukemia cells. Its cytotoxic action is dependent, at least in part, to its capacity to inhibit topoisomerase I. P388CPT5 murine leukemia cells resistant to the reference topoisomerase ...
Gow I F - - 2005
The effect of a hyposmotic shock and extracellular ATP on the efflux of K(+)(Rb(+)) from human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7) has been examined. A hyposmotic shock increased the fractional efflux of K(+)(Rb(+)) from MDA-MB-231 cells via a pathway which was unaffected by Cl(-) replacement. Apamin, charybdotoxin or ...
van Zanden Jelmer J - - 2005
In the present study, the effects of myricetin on either MRP1 or MRP2 mediated vincristine resistance in transfected MDCKII cells were examined. The results obtained show that myricetin can inhibit both MRP1 and MRP2 mediated vincristine efflux in a concentration dependent manner. The IC50 values for cellular vincristine transport inhibition ...
Mitchell A M - - 2005
Verapamil inhibits tri-iodothyronine (T3) efflux from several cell types, suggesting the involvement of multidrug resistance-associated (MDR) proteins in T3 transport. The direct involvement of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has not, however, been investigated. We compared the transport of 125I-T3 in MDCKII cells that had been transfected with mdr1 cDNA (MDCKII-MDR) versus wild-type ...
Márián Teréz - - 2005
Miltefosine is a phospholipid analog that exhibits antineoplastic activity against breast cancer metastases, but its mechanism of action remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the transport mechanism for the removal of miltefosine and [99mTc]-hexakis-2-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) from multidrug-resistant cells. The P-glycoprotein pump function, cell viability, and ...
Jin H - - 2005
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a monomer of polycarbonate plastics that has estrogenic activities and has been shown to be a substrate for multidrug resistant efflux mechanisms, specifically, P-glycoprotein. Since the natural hormone estrogen reverses multidrug resistance in some cell types, we hypothesized that BPA might have a similar activity in ...
Ren Yuhong - - 2005
To improve the antisense activity of AS ODN (antisense oligodeoxynucleotide), a conjugate covalently linked to DOX (doxorubicin) at its 3'-end was synthesized and its antisense activity in human carcinoma DOX-resistant cells (KB-A-1) was investigated in vitro. The intracellular DOX concentration in KB-A-1 cells treated with the conjugate was detected in ...
Cheng Samuel Chak-Sum - - 2005
Chemoresistance in cancer cells is frequently associated with an over-expression of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp). The expression of P-gp can be regulated as the cells encounter a number of chemical, physical or environmental stimuli. In this study, P-gp was found gradually expressed in a human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) QGY-7703 cells after ...
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