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Results 301 - 350 of 1383
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Hou De-Fu - - 2007
It was evident that nitrosamines can act directly on target tissue and result in carcinogenesis. As has been shown, the carcinogenic activity of nitrosamines relied on its bioactivation by Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1). In this study, we investigated the expression of CYP2E1 in Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells, embryonic nasopharyngeal epithelial ...
Falcão A S - - 2007
Nerve cell injury by unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) has been implicated in brain damage during neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, particularly in the preterm newborn. Recently, it was shown that UCB is a substrate for the multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (Mrp1), an ATP-dependent efflux pump, which may decrease UCB intracellular levels. To obtain a ...
Iwaki Koichi - - 2006
The involvement of the multidrug resistant transporter MDR1/P-glycoprotein in the penetration of haloperidol into the brain and absorption in the intestine was investigated to examine its role in inter/intra-individual variability, using the porcine kidney epithelial cell line LLC-PK(1) and its MDR1-overexpressing transfectant, LLC-GA5-COL150. The inhibitory effect of haloperidol on other ...
Arthur Caroline - - 2007
Although ultrasonic irradiation has been proven to increase membrane permeability and enhance chemotherapeutic cytotoxicity in a number of cell lines, this effect has never been demonstrated in bladder cancer cells. Bladder cancer may offer a unique setting for ultrasound enhancement of chemotherapy, since intravesicular rather than intravenous administration of chemotherapy ...
Michaelis Martin - - 2007
The efficacy of Onconase on the growth of a panel of chemosensitive and chemoresistant neuroblastoma cell lines was investigated. Onconase decreased cell viability of chemosensitive (IMR-32, UKF-NB-3) and chemoresistant neuroblastoma cell lines characterised by high expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) (UKF-NB-3(r)DOX(20)) or by high P-gp expression in combination with mutated p53 ...
Brooks Tracy A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The synthetic 4'-O-benzylated doxorubicin analog WP744 was designed to abrogate transport by the multidrug resistance (MDR)-associated ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and multidrug resistance protein (MRP-1). We compared its uptake and cytotoxicity with those of doxorubicin and daunorubicin in cell lines overexpressing Pgp, MRP-1 or breast cancer resistance ...
Wang Xiao-Hong - - 2007
Pyrazolon derivatives were reported to have cytotoxicity to some tumour cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Lgf-YL-9 on cytotoxicity and cell apoptosis in human epidermoid carcinoma drug-sensitive parental KB cells and multidrug resistant (MDR) KBv200 cells. Lgf-YL-9 exhibited potent cytotoxicity not only to KB cells but ...
van de Water Femke M - - 2007
The activity of P-glycoprotein (Pgp/MDR1/ABCB1) and multidrug resistance proteins (MRP/ABCC) influence the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of many drugs. Few suitable cell lines for the study of drug transport exist. Additional non-human cell lines may help clarify species differences and contribute to the current knowledge of drug transport. The aim of ...
Shirasaka Yoshiyuki - - 2006
The aim of this work is to develop a highly sensitive assay system for P-gp-mediated transport by using two methods, induction of P-gp and short-term culture of Caco-2 cells. To induce P-gp in Caco-2 cells, cells were cultured in vinblastine-containing medium. The mRNA level of P-gp was approximately 7-fold higher ...
Salama Noha N - - 2006
To date, research on the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression and functionality has rendered inconsistent results. This study systematically evaluates the impact of MDR1 haplotypes (1236/2677, 1236/3435, 2677/3435, 1236/2677/3435) on P-gp functionality compared to individual SNPs (1236, 2677, and 3435) in validated stable recombinant epithelial ...
Rabuka David D Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California, - - 2006
Fucosylated glycoproteins are involved in many cell-cell recognition events and are markers of embryonic and malignant tissue. Here we report a method for rapid profiling of fucosylated glycoproteins from human cells using 6-azido fucose as a metabolic label.
Meschini S - - 2007
In our previous studies, voacamine, a bisindolic alkaloid extracted from Peschiera fuchsiaefolia, was examined for its possible capability of enhancing the cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin (DOX) on multidrug resistant (MDR) human osteosarcoma cells (U-2 OS-R). Voacamine induced in resistant cells a significant increase of drug retention and intranuclear location which ...
Solazzo Michela - - 2006
Multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is characterized by the over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) on cell plasma membranes that extrudes several drugs out of cells. Cells that express the MDR phenotype are resistant to the mitochondrial related apoptosis and to several anticancer drugs. This study assessed the presence of P-gp in mitochondria ...
Ghetie Maria-Ana - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of the anti-CD20 antibody, Rituximab (RTX), to inhibit the activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and reverse multidrug resistance (MDR) in 2 P-gp/CD20 lymphoma cell lines. We determined whether RTX would chemosensitize the 2 P-gp cell lines in vitro, and inhibit the ...
Holt Jason J - - 2006
Pentacyclic thio- (1) and seleno- (2) analogues of tetramethylrosamine (TMR) were prepared with a julolidyl fragment replacing the 3-dimethylamino substituent in the xanthylium core. The pentacylic structure increases the lipophilicity of 1 and 2 relative to TMR-S and TMR-Se and locks the lone-pair of electrons on the julolidyl N atom ...
Xin Hua-Wen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It is generally accepted that 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA; mesalamine), widely used in inflammatory bowel disease therapy, exerts its action from the intraluminal site of the intestine. In addition to local metabolism of 5-ASA, it has been assumed that therapeutic mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA depend on transporter-mediated secretion back to the ...
Barancík Miroslav - - 2006
The transmembrane transport pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp) causes the efflux of chemotherapeutic agents from cells and is an important system that secures multidrug resistance (MDR) of neoplastic cells. In the present study drug sensitive L1210 and multidrug resistant L1210/VCR mouse leukemic cell lines were used as an experimental model. We found ...
Qi Jing - - 2006
In an attempt to identify novel proteins involved in the emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR) in leukemia cells, we adopted a proteomics approach to analyze protein expression patterns in leukemia cell lines, K562, and its MDR counterpart, K562/A02. Combining high-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, we compared the protein ...
Declèves Xavier - - 2006
This study investigates the P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated transport of its substrates in accumulation or efflux modes under steady-state conditions. The kinetics of colchicine uptake and efflux, a substrate of both Pgp and intracellular tubulin, were studied in HL60 and HL60/DNR cells; HL60/DNR cells contain 25 times more Pgp than do HL60 ...
Krishna C Murali - - 2006
Cancer cells escape cytotoxic effects of anticancer drugs by a process known as multidrug resistance (MDR). Identification of cell status by less time-consuming methods can be extremely useful in patient management and treatment. This study aims at evaluating the potentials of vibrational spectroscopic methods to perform cell typing and to ...
Bohácová Viera - - 2006
Multidrug resistance of neoplastic tissue is often associated with the overexpression and increased drug transport activity of plasma membrane transporters like P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance associated proteins (MRPs) or breast cancer resistance protein, as well as with the elevation of the glutathione detoxification pathway. We have already described the overexpression ...
Mark Peter J - - 2006
Exposure of the fetus and placenta to maternal glucocorticoids is normally limited by the placental glucocorticoid barrier, which consists primarily of placental 11beta-hydroxy-steroid dehydrogenase type 2-mediated conversion of cortisol to the biologically inactive cortisone. Studies in the rodent brain show that P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is also an important physiological regulator of ...
Engel Dikla - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the anticancer activity and mode of action of butyroyloxymethyl-diethyl phosphate (AN-7), a prodrug of butyric acid and formaldehyde, as a single agent and in combination with doxorubicin in human carcinoma MCF-7 and the multidrug resistant MCF-7 Dx cell lines. METHODS: The anti-cancer activity of AN-7 as a ...
Bernardo Alcira A - - 2006
Extracellular ATP (ATPo) is capable of inducing different events on cells through receptor activation. The effect produced by ATPo was studied in the cell line K562 and its multidrug resistant (MDR) counterpart, Lucena 1. Lower ATPo concentrations (1 mM and 2.5 mM) led to high (3)H-thymidine incorporation but no increase ...
Seib F Philipp - - 2006
Polymer therapeutics are being designed for lysosomotropic, endosomotropic and transcellular drug delivery. Their appropriate intracellular routing is thus crucial for successful use. For example, polymer-anticancer drug conjugates susceptible to lysosomal enzyme degradation will never deliver their drug payload unless they encounter the appropriate activating enzymes. Many studies use confocal microscopy ...
Takemoto Yasushi - - 2006
Migrastatin (MGS) is a Streptomyces metabolite that inhibits cancer cell migration. In this study, we found that MGS also enhanced the cytotoxicity of vinblastine, vincristine, and taxol in P-glycoprotein-overexpressing VJ-300 cells and P388/VCR cells. Furthermore, MGS increased the intracellular concentration of labeled vinblastine, vincristine, and taxol in both VJ-300 cells ...
Duvvuri Muralikrishna - - 2006
The degree to which anticancer agents selectively target cancer cells is a key determinant in successful therapeutic outcomes. Inhibitors of the Hsp90 molecular chaperone represent an important new class of anticancer agents. We propose here a novel mechanism by which physiochemical properties of Hsp90 inhibitors can be optimized to increase ...
Su Yaming - - 2006
It has been shown that the human acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) T cell line (RPMI 8402) selected with irinotecan (CPT-11) is transformed to a multidrug resistant (MDR) phenotype (CPT-K5) with cross-resistance to mitoxantrone (MX). Since MX is a well-documented substrate for the efflux transporter breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP/ABCG2), we ...
Weerasinghe Priya - - 2006
Permeability-glycoprotein (Pgp) positive cells are known to be encoded by the multidrug-resistance gene (MDR1), and characterized by a reduced ability to accumulate drugs. The vinblastin-resistant, Pgp positive CEM-VLB 1000 and its wild type (Pgp-negative and vinblastin-sensitive) counterpart CEM-T4 human leukemia cells, when treated with the alkaloid sanguinarine, were both found ...
Huntimer Eric D - - 2006
Doxorubicin is an anticancer drug that causes apoptosis in cells, but cardiotoxicity limits the cumulative dose that can remain in the blood. Echinacea extracts have been prescribed to supplement cancer chemotherapy. In a recent study, it was reported that Echinacea purpurea extracts protected noncancerous cells from apoptosis. Our study aimed ...
Barthomeuf Chantal - - 2006
Overexpression of the protein transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp, MDR1) at the cell surface is a major cause of multidrug resistance (MDR) and poor response to treatment in cancer chemotherapy and therapy for leishmaniasis. The present study shows that conferone, a sesquiterpene coumarin ether isolated for the first time from Ferula schtschurowskiana, ...
Nilsonne Gustav - - 2006
Malignant mesothelioma cells differentiate into sarcomatoid or epithelioid phenotypes. The sarcomatoid cell type is more resistant to chemotherapy and gives a worse prognosis. We have investigated whether selenite alone and in combination with doxorubicin induced apoptosis in variously differentiated mesothelioma cells. Selenite in concentrations that could potentially be administered to ...
Viehweger Katrin - - 2006
The function of a Galpha protein in the elicitation of phytoalexin (benzophenanthridine) biosynthesis was characterized in cultured cells of California poppy (Eschscholzia californica). Both the decrease of Galpha content via antisense transformation and the expression of recombinant anti-Galpha single-chain antibodies strongly impaired the induction of alkaloid biosynthesis by low elicitor ...
Lee Te-Chang - - 2006
Arsenic-resistant cells (R15), derived from a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (CL3), were 10-fold more resistant to sodium arsenite (As(III)). Because R15 cells accumulated less arsenic than parental CL3 cells, this arsenic resistance may be due to higher efflux and/or lower uptake of As(III). We therefore compared expression of the ...
Chaoui Driss - - 2006
BACKGROUND: JC-1 probe has been successfully used for the analysis of either apoptosis or P-glycoprotein (P-gp) activity. Therefore, we wanted to see if JC-1 could also simultaneously assess both, P-gp activity and apoptosis, in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. METHODS: P-gp activity was measured using JC-1 and compared to the ...
Zhu Bing - - 2006
Bicyclol, a second generation of synthetic hepatoprotectant being used in China for anti-hepatitis therapy, shows chemosensitizing effect on reverting multiple drug resistance (MDR) of cytostatic agents in two established MDR carcinoma cell lines, vincristine resistant human stomatic epidermoid carcinoma VinRKB and adriamycin resistant human breast carcinoma AdrRMCF-7. The reversal rate ...
Alazard-Dany Nathalie - - 2006
Transient expression of Ebola virus (EBOV) glycoprotein GP causes downregulation of surface proteins, cell rounding and detachment, a phenomenon believed to play a central role in the pathogenicity of the virus. In this study, evidence that moderate expression of GP does not result in such morphological changes was provided. It ...
Han Yi - - 2006
Capsaicin is the pungent component of hot chilli, a popular spice in many populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the chronicity and reversibility of the modulating effect of capsaicin on both the P-gp expression and activity in the Caco-2 cell monolayers. Capsaicin at concentrations ranging from ...
Aminoff, David
Hogs can be divided into three phenotypes A, H and In, depending on the ability of extracts of their submaxillary glands to inhibit the agglutination of human A cells with human anti-A, and human O cells with eel-anti-H serum. Evidence is here provided that the inactive glycoprotein, In, represents H ...
Hsiue Ging-Ho - - 2006
Anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) was physically loaded into the micelles prepared from poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(L-lactide) diblock copolymers (PEOz-PLLA). PEOz-PLLA consists of hydrophilic segment PEOz and hydrophobic segment PLLA showed pH-sensitivity in the aqueous solution. The DOX-loaded micelle exhibited a narrow size distribution with a mean diameter around 170 nm. The micellar structure ...
Mutoh Kazuyoshi - - 2006
The human multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) encodes a plasma membrane P-glycoprotein (P-gp) that functions as an efflux pump for various structurally unrelated anticancer agents. We have identified two nonsynonymous germ-line mutations of the MDR1 gene, C3583T MDR1 and T3587G MDR1, in peripheral blood cell samples from Japanese cancer patients. ...
Booth-Genthe Catherine L - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: P-glycoprotein is localized in numerous tissues throughout the body and plays an important role in the disposition of many xenobiotics. The contribution of P-glycoprotein-mediated drug transport is being evaluated in early drug discovery stages, particularly for compounds targeted to the central nervous system, using in vitro tools including cell ...
Ishikawa T - - 2006
Animal experiments are indispensable in the investigation of the toxicity of drugs on cells, but may not be preferred for ethical reasons and sensitivity. As an alternative procedure, we investigated the susceptibility of cells to drugs using the effect on cellular respiration as an indicator of cell activity (toxicity). The ...
Ades Steven - - 2006
In murine erythroleukemia (MEL) A20 cells (grown in 20 ng/ml adriamycin), mutation(s) producing 10-fold adriamycin (doxorubicin) resistance emerged via an unknown mechanism. Exposure of A20 cells to further stepwise increasing concentrations of ADR in combination with MDR modulators (PSC833 and verapamil) aimed to amplify the undetermined A20 mechanism while controlling ...
Liscovitch Mordechai - - 2007
Multidrug-resistant MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cells (originally named MCF-7/AdrR cells and later re-designated NCI/ADR-RES) have served as an important and widely used research tool during the last two decades. However, the real identity of these cells has been in doubt since 1998 and has since been debated. The origin of NCI/ADR-RES ...
Henrich Curtis J - - 2006
ABCG2 is a member of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette family of multidrug transporters associated with resistance of tumor cells to many cytotoxic agents. Evaluation of modulators of ABCG2 activity has relied on methods such as drug sensitization, biochemical characterization, and transport studies. To search for novel inhibitors of ABCG2, ...
Holland M L - - 2006
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the world. Cannabinoids are used therapeutically by some patients as they have analgesic, anti-emetic and appetite stimulant properties which palliate adverse symptoms. Use of these agents in an oncology setting raises the question of whether they act to modulate the effectiveness ...
Pesic M - - 2006
Exposure of human non-small cell lung cancer cells (NCI-H460) to gradually increasing concentrations of doxorubicin resulted in the appearance of a new cell line (NCI-H460/R) that was resistant to doxorubicin (96.2-fold) and cross-resistant to etoposide, paclitaxel, vinblastine and epirubicin. Slight cross-resistance to two MDR-unrelated drugs 8-Cl-cAMP and sulfinosine was observed. ...
Kojima Chikara - - 2006
Although inorganic arsenicals are toxic and carcinogenic in humans, inorganic arsenite has recently emerged as a highly effective chemotherapeutic agent for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Inorganic arsenicals are enzymatically methylated to monomethylarsonic acid (MMAs(V)), dimethylarsinic acid (DMAs(V)), and trimethylarsine oxide (TMAs(V)O) in mammals. We examined the effects of chronic exposure ...
Kinuya Seigo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) has been utilized to evaluate multi-drug resistance (MDR) phenomenon of malignant tumors and to predict chemotherapeutic effects on them. The current investigation examined the possibility of monitoring changes with respect to mRNA expression of multi-drug resistance associated protein (MRP) following antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (AS-ODN) treatment involving 99mTc-MIBI. ...
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