Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1383
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Eskiocak Uğur - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dose- and time-dependent effects of doxorubicin on telomerase activity (TA) and expression levels of hTERT, Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L) and Bax were investigated in doxorubicin-resistant and -sensitive MCF-7 cells. METHODS: Doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7/R was developed from sensitive MCF-7 breast carcinoma cell line and acquired resistance was demonstrated by XTT and mRNA analysis ...
Reichenbach Hans - - 2008
The epothilones are a novel class of antineoplastic agents possessing antitubulin activity. The compounds were originally identified as secondary metabolites produced by the soil-dwelling myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum. Two major compounds, epothilone A and epothilone B, were purified from the S. cellulosum strain So ce90 and their structures were identified as ...
Lelong-Rebel Isabelle - - 2008
Two chemosensitive cell lines, LoVo-fusoid (LoVo-f) and LoVo-small cells (LoVo-sc) were derived from the original LoVo cell line. These two variants and the multidrug-resistant (MDR) cell line LoVo-Dox were screened for various properties. In non-permeabilized cells, only LoVo-sc showed mucin-2 staining whereas labelling was positive in all permeabilized cell lines. ...
Jin Jing - - 2008
Spatial organisation and trafficking of endocytic organelles in mammalian cells is tightly regulated and dependent on cytoskeletal networks. The dynamics of endocytic pathways is modified in a number of diseases, including cancer, and notably in multidrug resistant (MDR) cells that are refractory to the effects of several anti-cancer agents. These ...
Chen Bao-An - - 2008
In this study, we have explored the possibility of the combination of the high reactivity of nano Fe3O4 or Au nanoparticles and daunomycin, one of the most important antitumor drugs in the treatment of acute leukemia clinically, to inhibit MDR of K562/A02 cells. Initially, to determine whether the magnetic nanoparticle ...
Li Xiaohua - - 2007
We investigated the role of cytokine-induced apoptosis inhibitor 1 (CIAPIN1), a newly identified apoptosis inhibitor, in leukemia cell multidrug resistance (MDR) and its possible underlying mechanisms. CIAPIN1 was found to be overexpressed at the mRNA and protein levels in the vincristine-induced multidrug-resistant leukemia cell line HL-60/VCR, compared with HL-60, its ...
Gupta Anshul - - 2007
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is an efflux transporter that plays an important role in drug disposition. The goal of this study was to investigate the interactions of azole antifungal agents, ketoconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole, and voriconazole, with BCRP. First, the effect of the azoles on BCRP efflux activity in BCRP-overexpressing ...
Simoni Daniele - - 2008
Using concepts of bioisostery a series of curcumin analogs were synthesized: the diketonic system of the compound was elaborated into enaminones, oximes, and the isoxazole heterocycle. The cell growth inhibitory and apoptosis inducing effects of the new analogs were evaluated by in vitro assays in the hepatocellular carcinoma HA22T/VGH cells, ...
Zaja Roko - - 2008
The development of the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype in mammals is often mediated by the overexpression of the P-glycoprotein1 (Pgp, ABCB1) or multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP)-like ABC transport proteins. A similar phenomenon has also been observed and considered as an important part of the multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) defence system in ...
Hira Asumi - - 2008
Amrubicin is a completely synthetic 9-aminoanthracycline agent for the treatment of lung cancer in Japan. The cytotoxicity of C-13 hydroxy metabolite, amrubicinol, is 10 to 100 times greater than that of amrubicin. The transporters responsible for the intracellular pharmacokinetics of amrubicin and amrubicinol remains unclear. This study was aimed to ...
Möllgård Lars L Department of Hematology, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, - - 2008
An internal tandem duplication of FLT3 (FLT3/ITD) occurs in approximately 25% of newly diagnosed AML. PKC412 inhibits the growth of leukemic cell lines with FLT3 mutations such as the MV4-11. This study evaluated the in vitro effects of the combination of PKC412 and ara-C or daunorubicin, studying the effect of ...
Colone Marisa - - 2008
Malignant melanoma shows high levels of intrinsic drug resistance associated with a highly invasive phenotype. In this study, we investigated the role of the drug transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in the invasion potential of drug-sensitive (M14 WT, Pgp-negative) and drug-resistant (M14 ADR, Pgp-positive) human melanoma cells. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments assessed the association ...
Zhu Hao-Jie HJ Laboratory of Drug Disposition and Pharmacogenetics, Medical University of South Carolina, - - 2008
The objective of this study was to assess the potential interactions of the drug transporter P-glycoprotein with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) therapeutic agents atomoxetine--and the individual isomers of methylphenidate, amphetamine, and modafinil utilizing established in vitro assay. An initial ATPase assay indicated that both d- and l-methylphenidate have weak affinity for ...
Tsukura Yuri - - 2007
Recent studies suggest that capsaicin (Cap), a major constituent of hot pepper, may affect the function and permeability of the intestinal mucosa in vitro. However, the relationships between the dose of Cap and the barrier and/or transporter functions on intestinal epithelial cells are unknown. The aim of this study was ...
Li Li - - 2007
To investigate the characteristics of Hep-2 cell with multidrug resistance (MDR) induced by Taxol. Hep-2 cells were exposed in stepwise escalating concentration of Taxol to develop the resistant cell line-Hep-2T. Cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, and rhodamine accumulation were studied through flow cytometry. The MDR1 and MRP1 genes were detected through ...
Engi Helga - - 2007
Several macrocyclic diterpenes with jatrophane or lathyrane skeletons were isolated from methanol extracts of Hungarian Euphorbia species and evaluated for multidrug resistance (MDR)-reversing activity on a human colon cancer cell line. MDR-reversing activity was tested by using a standard functional assay with Rhodamine 123 as a fluorescent substrate analogue of ...
Malugin A A Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, - - 2007
Despite intensive study, the molecular mechanism for cell toxicity of N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-bound doxorubicin remains unclear. Moreover, the ability of the released drug to accumulate in the nucleus has also been questioned. We have hypothesized that the pattern of cell cycle progression is a useful indicator for the presence of ...
Ono Nobuhito - - 2007
The human and murine genes for MRP9 (multidrug resistance-associated protein 9; ABCC12) yield many alternatively spliced RNAs. Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies, we detected full-length Mrp9 only in testicular germ cells and mouse sperm; we obtained no evidence for the existence of the truncated 100 kDa MRP9 protein reported ...
Gleixner Karoline V - - 2007
Aggressive mast cell (MC) tumors are hematopoietic neoplasms characterized by uncontrolled growth of MC and resistance to conventional drugs. In most cases, the tyrosine kinase (TK) receptor KIT is involved in malignant cell growth. Therefore, several KIT TK-targeting drugs are currently being tested for their ability to block growth of ...
Wright A K - - 2007
Lesioning or stimulating the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in patients with Parkinson's disease, or in animal models of parkinsonism, alleviates many of the symptoms and so it is tempting to think of the STN as a part of the cause of Parkinson's disease. The globus pallidus (GP) is thought to have ...
Lemaire Sandrine - - 2007
P-glycoprotein (P-gp; MDR1), a major efflux transporter, recognizes various antibiotics and is present in macrophages. We have examined its effect on the modulation of the intracellular accumulation and activity of daptomycin towards phagocytized Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) in human THP-1 macrophages, in comparison with MDCK epithelial cells (wild type and ...
Shen Shuijie - - 2007
MDR1-encoded P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a drug efflux transporter mainly expressed in liver, kidney, intestine, brain (at the level of the blood-brain barrier), and placenta. It thus plays important roles in drug absorption, distribution, and excretion. Cetirizine is a second-generation nonsedating antihistamine used to treat allergic disease of respiratory system, skin ...
Huang Rong S - - 2008
This study characterized interactions between efflux transporters (P-glycoprotein (MDR1) and multidrug resistance associated proteins (MRPs1-3)) and vincristine (VCR), using cell lines with differential transporter expression, and studied effects of P-glycoprotein inhibition on VCR transport and toxicity. Caco2 (express MDR1, MRPs 1-3), LS174T (express MDR1, MRPs 1, 3), and A549 (express ...
Muller Jocelyn Fraga - - 2007
Through chemical contamination of natural environments, microbial communities are exposed to many different types of chemical stressors; however, research on whole-genome responses to this contaminant stress is limited. This study examined the transcriptome response of a common soil bacterium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, to the common environmental contaminant pentachlorophenol (PCP). Cells were ...
Fantappiè Ornella - - 2007
In several neoplastic diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma, the expression of P-glycoprotein and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are often increased and involved in drug resistance and poor prognosis. P-glycoprotein, in addition to drug resistance, blocks cytochrome c release, preventing apoptosis in tumor cells. Because COX-2 induces P-glycoprotein expression, we evaluated the effect of ...
Lam, Wing (林嶸)
CityU Call Number: RM666.D68 L36 1999
Bidwell Gene L GL - - 2007
The ability of cancer cells to become simultaneously resistant to different drugs, a trait known as multidrug resistance, remains a major obstacle for successful anticancer therapy. One major mechanism of resistance involves cellular drug efflux by expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a membrane transporter with a wide variety of substrates. Anthracyclines ...
Parry Samuel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied the role of multidrug resistance proteins in regulating transplacental transmission of corticosteroids and protease inhibitors. STUDY DESIGN: We performed quantitative polymerase chain reaction and FACS analyses to study MDR1 (encodes P-glycoprotein) and MRP-1 expression in extravillous (HTR-8/SVneo) and villous (BeWo) trophoblast cells treated with saquinavir, a multidrug ...
Wu Da-Long DL Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Jiaxing College, Jiaxing 314001, Zhejiang Province, China. - - 2007
To investigate the reversal effect of LY980503, a benflumetol derivative, on multidrug resistance in vincristine (VCR) -resistant human gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901/VCR. Cells of a human gastric cancer cell line, SGC7901, and its VCR-resistant variant, SGC7901/VCR, were cultivated with LY980503 and /or doxorubicin (DOX). The cytotoxicity of drugs in ...
Majima, Yuichi
Quantitative histochemical analysis of the secretory cells producing the different types of glycoproteins were examined in the chicken nasal cavity with and without moderate levels of <special>SO2</special> exposure for 14 days. On the nasal maxillary concha of chickens, the number of acinar gland cells containing glycoproteins was significantly reduced on ...
Tao Zhimin - - 2007
This study measures the time-dependence of cellular caspase activation by anticancer drugs and compares it with that of cellular respiration. Intracellular caspase activation and cellular respiration were measured during continuous exposure of Jurkat, HL-60, and HL-60/MX2 (deficient in topoisomerase-II) cells to dactinomycin, doxorubicin, and the platinum (Pt) compounds cisplatin, carboplatin, ...
Patanasethanont Denpong - - 2007
In this study, the effects of extracts and flavone derivatives from the rhizome of Kaempferia parviflora on multidrug resistance associated-proteins (MRP)-mediated transport in A549 cells were examined. The cells employed express MRP1 and MRP2, but not P-glycoprotein. The cellular accumulation of calcein, an MRP substrate, was significantly increased by various ...
Hasegawa Toshiaki - - 2007
A series of new generation taxoids bearing a bulky group on different positions such as C-2, C-5, C-7, C-9, C-10 or C-14 were obtained by chemical modifications and biotransformation of taxuyunnanine C (1) and its analogs, 4, 5, and 10. Compounds 3, 5, 6, 8, and 9a showed significant activity ...
Kovár Lubomír - - 2007
Doxorubicin is one of the most potent anti-tumor drugs with a broad spectrum of use. To reduce its toxic effect and improve its pharmacokinetics, we conjugated it to an HPMA copolymer carrier that enhances its passive accumulation within solid tumors via the EPR effect and decreases its cytotoxicity to normal, ...
Balimane Praveen V - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of stably transfected MDCK-hPepT1 cells for identifying peptide transporter substrates in early drug discovery and compare the characteristics of this cell line with Caco-2 cells. MDCK-hPepT1, MDCK-mock, and Caco-2 cells grown to confluence on 24-well Transwell were used for this ...
Wu Qiuling - - 2007
In order to investigate the anti-cancer effects of deguelin and on K562 and K562/ADM cells in vitro and the underlying molecular mechanism and compare the cytotoxicity of deguelin on K562, K562/ADM cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The effects of deguelin on cell proliferation were assessed by MTT ...
Hong Liu - - 2007
Here we investigated the roles of DARPP-32 in multidrug resistance (MDR) of gastric cancer cells and the possible underlying mechanisms. We constructed the eukaryotic expression vector of DARPP-32 and transfected it into human vincristine-resistant gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SGC7901/VCR. Up-regulation of DARPP-32 could significantly enhance the sensitivity of SGC7901/VCR cells ...
Korystov Yuri N - - 2008
PURPOSE: The effect of ionizing radiation on multidrug resistance (MDR) of human larynx cancer HEp-2 cells has been investigated. We studied the dependence of the radiation effect on radiation dose, time after irradiation and cell density. METHODS: MDR was determined from an increase in cell sensitivity to daunorubicin, taxol and ...
Agarwal Sheetal S Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri Kansas City, 5005 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110-2499, - - 2007
Polarized epithelial non-human (canine) cell lines stably transfected with human or murine complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding for various efflux transporters (P-gp/MDR1, MRP1, MRP2, and Bcrp1) were used to study transepithelial transport of Lopinavir (LVR) and compare results with the MDCKII-wild type cells. These transmembrane proteins cause multidrug resistance by decreasing ...
Tanino Tadatoshi - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether 2'-ethylcarbonate-linked paclitaxel (TAX-2'-Et) circumvents P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated cellular efflux and cytotoxicity enhanced by TAX-2'-Et activation within human culture cells transfected with a rabbit liver carboxylesterase (Ra-CES) cDNA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TAX-2'-Et transport was characterized in a human colon carcinoma cell line ...
Amaral Leonard - - 2007
Bacteria and cancer cells develop resistance to more than one agent as a consequence of being exposed to ineffective levels of the agent for a prolonged period of time. The resistance of these cells is mediated by over-expressed efflux pumps that have the ability to extrude a large variety of ...
Sugihara Narumi - - 2007
The previous studies from our laboratory reported that benzo(a)pyrene (Bap) influenced efflux transport of rhodamine 123 (Rho-123) by induction of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in Caco-2 cells. The present study investigated whether induction of P-gp and the enhanced efflux transport of Rho-123 were caused by benzo(e)pyrene (Bep), which has a structure similar ...
Van Slambrouck S - - 2007
1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methylglycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OMe)-treated precultured heart fragments (PHF) are resistant to the invasion of malignant cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that this effect is due to the alterations of the N-linked glycoproteins in PHF after 48-h ET-18-OMe treatment. Moreover, the observed effect was still present seven days after ET-18-OMe was omitted. The ...
Tane Nobuhiro - - 2007
The extracellular matrix (ECM) of the trabecular meshwork (TM) is an important determinant of its functional properties. This study was performed to investigate whether overexpression of ECM components, laminin (LM) and collagen type IV (Col) by TM cells may play a role in the development of outflow resistance. To determine ...
Chassin C - - 2007
This review summarizes the strategy of cellular immortalization based on the principle of targeted oncogenesis in transgenic mice, used to establish models of transimmortalized renal proximal tubule cells, referred to as PKSV-PCT and PKSV-PR-cells, and collecting duct principal cells, referred to as mpkCCD(cl4) cells. These cell lines have maintained for ...
Briz Oscar - - 2007
The rat hepatoma/human fibroblast hybrid cell line WIF-B9 was developed to be used in studies requiring maintained hepatocyte-like polarity. To enhance their usefulness in order to investigate hepatic phase III detoxification process, we have characterized a subline of WIF-B9 cells (WIF-B9/R) obtained by exposure to progressively increasing cisplatin concentrations (up ...
van der Deen Margaretha - - 2007
Cigarette smoke is the principal risk factor for development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of transporters, which transport physiologic and toxic substrates across cell membranes. MRP1 is highly expressed in lung epithelium. This study aims ...
Hiss Donavon C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The pharmacologic modulatory effects of the antibiotic, tunicamycin (TM), on multidrug-resistant human UWOV2 ovarian cancer cells are reported. The UWOV2 cell line was derived from a cystadenocarcinoma in a patient refractory to combination chemotherapy with actinomycin D, vincristine (VCR), cis-diaminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP) and doxorubicin (DXR). In an attempt to ...
Patanasethanont Denpong - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of extracts and flavone derivatives from the rhizome of Kaempferia parviflora on P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated transport in LLC-GA5-COL150, a transfectant cell line of a porcine kidney epithelial cell line LLC-PK1 with human MDR1 cDNA. Ethanol extract obtained from Kaempferia parviflora rhizome ...
Visalli Valeria - - 2007
HIV envelope gp 120 glycoprotein is released during active HIV infection of brain macrophages thereby generating inflammation and oxidative stress which contribute to the development of the AIDS-Dementia Complex (ADC). Gp120 has also been found capable to generate excitotoxic effect on brain tissue via enhancement of glutamatergic neurotransmission, leading to ...
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