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Rusetskaya N V - - 2009
AIM: To compare the molecular profile and cell cycle of sensitive and resistant to doxorubicin MCF-7 breast cancer cells upon exposition to conventional or liposome-encapsulated forms of doxorubicin. METHODS: capital EM, Cyrilliccapital TE, Cyrilliccapital TE, Cyrillic-test, immunocytochemistry, flow cytometry. RESULTS: In sensitive MCF-7 cells the exposure to conventional but not ...
Chen Kevin G - - 2009
Because melanomas are intrinsically resistant to conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy, many alternative treatment approaches have been developed such as biochemotherapy and immunotherapy. The most common cause of multidrug resistance (MDR) in human cancers is the expression and function of one or more ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters that efflux anticancer drugs ...
Kuang Ye-Hong YH Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Professions, St. John's University, Queens, NY 11439, - - 2010
In recent years, a number of TKIs (tyrosine kinase inhibitors) targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family have been synthesized and some have been approved for clinical treatment of cancer by the FDA. We recently reported a new pharmacological action of the 4-anilinoquinazoline derived EGFR TKIs, such as lapatinib (Tykerb) ...
Solazzo Michela - - 2009
The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is characterized by the overexpression of a few transport proteins at the plasma membrane level, one of which is the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). These proteins are expressed in excretory organs, in the placenta and blood-brain barrier, and are involved in the transport of ...
Wang Jinyi - - 2009
Integrity of the cell membrane is a basic requirement for maintaining the biological characteristics of a cell. In this study, changes in the morphology and ultrastructure of HeLa (human cervical carcinoma), HepG2 (human hepatocellular liver carcinoma), and C6 (rat glioma) cells were studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) both before ...
Ji Jae-Hoon - - 2009
The human oral cells have different physiological properties and different origins in developmental stages. Mechanical, physiological, and chemical stress can cause damage and irritation during clinical treatment in various oral tissues. The effects of DNA damage response and gene silencing of checkpoint kinases (Chk1/2) is not unclear in oral primary ...
Yajima Tetsuo - - 2009
Side population (SP) cells are isolated from various tissues and cell lines based on the exclusion of DNA-binding dye Hoechst 33,342 and exhibit potent stem cell characteristics. There have been few previous reports of SP cells in head and neck cancer cell lines. Thus, we isolated SP cells from oral ...
Albert Brian J - - 2009
FR901464 is a potent antitumor natural product that binds to the splicing factor 3b complex and inhibits pre-mRNA splicing. Its analogue, meayamycin, is two orders of magnitude more potent as an antiproliferative agent against human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Here, we report the picomolar antiproliferative activity of meayamycin against various ...
Mikecz Pál - - 2009
We studied how very short (10-40min) incubation with anthracycline derivatives modifies the accumulation of PET tumor-diagnostic radiotracers in cancer cells. The human ovarian A2780 and A2780AD, human B lymphoid JY, human epidermoid KB-3-1 and KB-V-1, and smooth muscle DDT1 MF-2 cells were pre-incubated with daunorubicin and doxorubicin, and the uptake ...
Chieli Elisabetta - - 2009
Many plant-derived compounds, including polyphenols, are able to affect the function of MDR-1/P-glycoprotein (P-gp ABCB1) multidrug transporter, leading to potential herb-drug interactions. This study evaluated the effects of mango (Mangifera indica L.) stem bark extract, MSBE, and related phenols on P-gp activity in both the HK-2 proximal tubule cell line, ...
Dong Yan Y School of Stomatology, Dalian Medical University, 9 Western Section, Southern Route, Lvshun, Dalian 116044, - - 2009
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major barrier for chemotherapy of many cancers. Mdr-1 plays a key role in the development of MDR as extensively verified. However, the role of Raf-1 overexpression in the development of multidrug resistance in human squamous carcinoma (KBv200) cells remains largely unknown. The aim of this ...
Katayama Ryohei - - 2009
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters (ABC-T) actively efflux structurally and mechanistically unrelated anticancer drugs from cells. As a consequence, they can confer multidrug resistance (MDR) to cancer cells. ABC-T are also reported to be phenotypic markers and functional regulators of cancer stem/initiating cells (CSC) and believed to be associated with ...
Pop Iliodora V - - 2009
Previous studies have shown that rapamycin can inhibit the growth of several different types of human tumor cells in vitro. In certain cases, it can reverse the phenotype of multidrug resistant (MDR) cells. However, there is limited information concerning its effect on P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a pump that is responsible for ...
Danchin Antoine - - 2009
In Escherichia coli, the role of lacA, the third gene of the lactose operon, has remained an enigma. I suggest that its role is the consequence of the need for cells to have safety valves that protect them from the osmotic effect created by their permeases. Safety valves allow them ...
Kang Dong Il - - 2009
Multidrug resistance (MDR) caused by high expression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in cancer patients remains one of the major obstacles to successful therapy of cancer. Earlier studies have shown that the incorporation of Pgp-substrate drugs in liposomes may provide a strategy to circumvent Pgp-mediated drug efflux. The present study investigated the ...
Pesić Milica - - 2010
The resistant cell line NCI-H460/R and its counterpart NCI-H460 were used to investigate the ability of purine analogs to overcome multidrug resistance (MDR) that seriously limit the efficacy of lung cancer regimens with chemotherapeutic agents. Two purine analogs, sulfinosine (SF) and 8-Cl-cAMP, exerted dose-dependent effects on cell growth in both ...
Boushaba Khalid K Department of Mathematics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA. - - 2009
A challenge for drug design is to create molecules with optimal functions that also partition efficiently into the appropriate in vivo compartment(s). This is particularly true in cancer treatments because cancer cells upregulate their expression of multidrug resistance transporters, which necessitates a higher concentration of extracellular drug to promote sufficiently ...
Slaninová I - - 2009
A panel of nine dibenzo[a,c]cyclooctadiene lignans, schizandrin, gomisin A, gomisin N, gomisin J, angeloylgomisin H, tigloylgomisin P, deoxyschizandrin, gamma-schizandrin and wuweizisu C was examined for their effect on multidrug resistance, as well as their anti-proliferative activities. COR-L23/R, a multidrug resistant sub-line, which has been reported to over-express multidrug resistance-associated protein ...
Featherstone Jonathan M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of verapamil on the intracellular drug pharmacokinetics of epirubicin using alternative dosing schedules. The results might inform the choices for optimizing clinical chemotherapy. METHODS: Sensitive parental (MGH-U1) and multidrug resistant (MDR) (MGH-U1R and MGH-U1-MMC) bladder cancer cell lines were used. Fluorescence time-lapsed studies were performed ...
Sun Bin - - 2009
The macrocyclic bisbibenzyl dihydroptychantol A (DHA), previously isolated from Asterella angusta, was synthesized and showed significant multidrug resistance (MDR) reverting activity in chemoresistant cancer cells. In an attempt to discover more potent MDR reversal agents for efficient cancer chemotherapy, DHA derivatives with thiazole rings (19-22) were synthesized, and their cytotoxicities ...
Brimacombe Kyle R - - 2009
The efflux pump P-glycoprotein (ATP-binding cassette B1, multidrug resistance [MDR] 1, P-gp) has long been known to contribute to MDR against cancer chemotherapeutics. We describe the development of a dual-fluorescent cell line system to allow multiplexing of drug-sensitive and P-gp-mediated MDR cell lines. The parental OVCAR-8 human ovarian carcinoma cell ...
Wang Xin - - 2009
2',3'-Didehydro-3'-deoxy-4'-ethynylthymidine (4'-Ed4T), a novel thymidine analog, has more potent anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) activity than its progenitor, stavudine (d4T). The profile of the intracellular metabolites of 4'-Ed4T was qualitatively similar to that of zidovudine (AZT) but not to that of d4T, while after drug removal it showed more ...
Shen Fei - - 2009
P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter family, is one of the major causes for multidrug resistance (MDR). We report using confocal microscopy to study the roles of Pgp in mediating the efflux of the anticancer agent mitoxantrone and the reversal of MDR by the specific Pgp inhibitor ...
Dai Chun-ling - - 2009
The effectiveness of chemotherapeutic treatment is usually limited by the overexpression of adenosine triphosphate binding cassette (ABC) transporters, which mediate multidrug resistance (MDR) by acting as efflux pumps to remove chemotherapeutic agents from MDR cancer cells. Thus, the inhibition of ABC transporters may represent a promising strategy to reverse MDR. ...
Wang Chun Hui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the non-cytotoxic drug (cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor and octreotide) on growth of the multidrug-resistant human gastric carcinoma cell line SGC-7901/ADR. METHODS: The effects of non-cytotoxic drug on the growth of SGC-7901 and SGC-7901/ADR cells were evaluated by (3)H-thymidine incorporation assay. The apoptosis of cells was ...
Bottova Iveta - - 2009
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a membrane-bound efflux pump that actively exports a wide range of compounds from the cell and is associated with the phenomenon of multidrug resistance. However, the role of P-gp in normal physiological processes remains elusive. Using P-gp-deficient fibroblasts, we showed that P-gp was critical for the replication ...
Mannermaa Eliisa - - 2009
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to characterize efflux proteins (P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance proteins (MRP1-6) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)) of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell lines. METHODS: Expression of efflux proteins in two secondary (ARPE-19, D407) and two primary (HRPEpiC and bovine) RPE cell lines was ...
Dong Xiaowei - - 2009
To test the ability of nanoparticle formulations to overcome P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multidrug resistance, several different doxorubicin and paclitaxel-loaded lipid nanoparticles were prepared. Doxorubicin nanoparticles showed 6- to 8-fold lower IC(50) values in P-gp-overexpressing human cancer cells than those of free doxorubicin. The IC(50) value of paclitaxel nanoparticles was over 9-fold ...
Singh Palwinder - - 2009
In order to search for MDR modulators, rationally designed acridone derivatives were investigated for their effect on influx or efflux of Rhodamine6G (R6G) in CAI4 cells. Results of these investigations indicate that in presence of compound 12, inhibition of growth of CAI4 cells and also an increased influx/efflux of R6G ...
Das Umashankar - - 2009
A series of 2-(3-aryl-2-propenoyl)-3-methylquinoxaline-1,4-dioxides 3a-l were prepared by condensation of various aryl aldehydes with 2-acetyl-3-methylquinoxaline-1,4-dioxide 2. These compounds inhibit the growth of human Molt 4/C8 and CEM T-lymphocytes and the IC(50) values are mainly in the 5-30 microM range. The quinoxaline 1,4-dioxide 3j inhibited the growth of 58 human tumor ...
Stein Rhona - - 2009
The humanized anti-CD74 monoclonal antibody, milatuzumab, is in clinical evaluation for the therapy of multiple myeloma (MM). The ability of milatuzumab to increase the efficacy of bortezomib, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone was examined in three human CD74+ MM cell lines, CAG, KMS11, KMS12-PE, and one CD74-MM cell line, OPM-2. Activity of ...
Oliynyk Igor - - 2009
It was investigated whether azithromycin (AZM) stimulates chloride (Cl-) efflux from cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF airway epithelial cells, possibly secondary to up-regulation of the multidrug resistance protein (MDR). CF and non-CF human airway epithelial cell lines (CFBE and 16HBE) were treated with 0.4, 4, and 40 microg/mL AZM for ...
Chen Yu - - 2009
Human mitochondrial Mrs2 protein (hsaMrs2p) is a magnesium transporter in mitochondria inner membrane. It was identified as an upregulated gene in a multidrug-resistant (MDR) gastric cancer cell line compared to its parental cells by subtractive hybridization. To further explore the role of hsaMrs2p in MDR of gastric cancer cells, the ...
Chen Hong - - 2009
The ineffectiveness of anticancer drugs is frequently observed in cancer chemotherapy. The resistance of tumor cells to various cytotoxic drugs is defined as multidrug resistance (MDR). The purpose of our present study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of L1EPO synthesized by our group on P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated MDR in K562/A02 ...
Karla Pradeep K - - 2009
The purpose of this manuscript is to investigate the presence of nucleoside/nucleotide efflux transporter in cornea and to evaluate the role in ocular drug efflux. RT-PCR, immunoprecipitation followed by Western blot analysis and immunostaining were employed to establish molecular presence of multidrug resistance associated protein 5 (MRP5) on cornea. Corneal ...
Li Qing-Quan - - 2009
PURPOSE: Besides its therapeutic effects, chemotherapeutic agents also enhance the malignancy of treated cancers in clinical situations. Recently, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has attracted attention in studies of tumor progression. We aimed to test whether transient Adriamycin treatment induces EMT and apoptosis simultaneously in cancer cells, clarify why the same type ...
Yan Feng F Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Digestive Diseases Institute, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361004, Fujian Province, - - 2009
To study the expression and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1 and ERK2 in multidrug resistant (MDR) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. MDR HCC cell lines, HepG2/adriamycin (ADM) and SMMC7721/ADM, were developed by exposing parental cells to stepwise increasing concentrations of ADM. MTT assay was used to determine drug sensitivity. ...
Mazzanti Roberto - - 2009
Many tumors are resistant to drug-induced cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. We have reported that apoptosis can be restored in human multidrug-resistant (MDR) hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines by celecoxib. Here we show that P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediates cell-cycle arrest and autophagy induced by celecoxib in human MDR overexpressing hepatocellular carcinoma cell line ...
Marquez Béatrice - - 2009
Ciprofloxacin, the most widely used totally synthetic antibiotic, is subject to active efflux mediated by a MRP-like transporter in wild-type murine J774 macrophages. To identify the transporter among the seven potential Mrps, we used cells made resistant to ciprofloxacin obtained by long-term exposure to increasing drug concentrations (these cells show ...
Vanpouille Claire - - 2009
PURPOSE: Multidrug resistance, aggressiveness and accelerated choline metabolism are hallmarks of malignancy and have motivated the development of new PET tracers like (18)F-FCH, an analogue of choline. Our aim was to study the relationship of multidrug resistance of cultured glioma cell lines and (18)F-FCH tracer uptake. METHODS: We used an ...
Tan Hwee Hong - - 2009
Doxorubicin can induce the formation of extra-nuclear bodies during mitosis termed micronuclei but the underlying causes remain unknown. Here, we show that sub-lethal exposure to doxorubicin-induced micronuclei formation in human cancer cells but not in non-tumorigenic cells. Occurrence of micronuclei coincided with stability of DNMT1 upon doxorubicin assault, and DNMT1 ...
Zhao Yan - - 2009
One of the major causes for cancer cells to resist current chemotherapy is attributed to the over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), resulting in insufficient drug delivery to the tumor sites. Protopanaxadiol ginsenosides Rg3 and Rh2 are known to induce apoptosis and significantly enhance the tumor inhibitory effects of chemotherapeutics in a ...
Ascione Alessandro - - 2009
PURPOSE: There has been an ever growing interest in the search for new anti-tumor compounds that do not interact with MDR1-Pgp and MRP1 drug transporters and so circumvent the effect of these proteins conferring multidrug resistance (MDR) and poor prognosis in AML patients. We have investigated the cytotoxic activity of ...
Wu Da-Long DL Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Jiaxing College, Jiaxing 314001, Zhejiang Province, China. - - 2009
To explore whether antisense blocking of protein kinase C alpha (PKCalpha) would reverse multi-drug resistance (MDR) in the vincristine (VCR)-resistant human gastric cancer cell line SGC7901/VCR. SGC7901/VCR cells expressing antisense PKCalpha, SGC7901/VCR/aPKC, were established by transfection with a recombinant plasmid reversely inserted with PKCalpha cDNA. Empty vector (PCI-neo)-transfected cell clones, ...
Yu Le - - 2009
Doxorubicin is a chemotherapeutic drug widely used for the treatment of advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, its efficacy is usually limited by the development of multidrug resistance (MDR), which has been linked to the up-regulation of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in cancer cells. Conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)-selective ...
Kong Xiuqin - - 2009
Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is known to have selective tumoricidal action. It is also reported that GLA may increase the cytotoxic activity of cancer chemotherapeutic agents in some cancer cells. The present study examined whether GLA pretreatment could modulate the response of multidrug-resistant K562/ADM leukemic cells to anticancer drugs. The cell ...
Elamanchili Praveen - - 2009
Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is one of the major limitations in cancer chemotherapy. Previous work has shown that amphiphilic diblock copolymers composed of methoxypolyethylene glycol-block-polycaprolactone (MePEG-b-PCL) diblock copolymers enhanced the cellular accumulation of Pgp substrates by modulating the function of this drug efflux transporter. The objective of this work was ...
Li Li - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tumor invasion/metastasis and multidrug resistance (MDR) are the main causes of treatment failure and high mortality in all kinds of cancer patients. The relationship between the two factors is still unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between MDR and invasion, especially the role of ...
L? S - - 2010
The aim of this study is to clarify the efficacy of proteasome inhibitor bortezomib to multidrug resistant (MDR) acute leukemia cells. We observed the effects of bortezomib on a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) positive leukemia line K562/A02. The results showed that bortezomib has significant effects on P-gp positive K562/A02 cells including cytotoxicity ...
Zhang Ye - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3-K/Akt) signaling pathway plays an important role in cell survival. This study was to explore the reversal effect of PI3-K inhibitor LY294002 on p-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multidrug resistance in human leukemia cell line K562/DNR and gastric cancer cell line SGC7901/ADR. METHODS: The cells were divided ...
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