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Zheng Guopei - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the mechanism of multi-drug resistance (MDR) in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced breast cancer cell MCF-7. METHODS: MCF-7 cells were exposed in stepwise escalating concentration of 5-FU to develop the resistant cell line, MCF-7/5-FU. Biological and molecular characteristics of the cells were studied through MTT, flow cytometry, ...
Hohla Florian - - 2010
The effect of the targeted cytotoxic somatostatin (SST) analog AN-162, consisting of doxorubicin (DOX) conjugated to SST carrier RC-121, was investigated on the growth of human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines HT-29, HCT-15, and HCT-116 and a DOX-resistant mouse leukemia cell line P388/R84. mRNA for SST-receptors and high affinity binding ...
Asadishad B - - 2010
Doxorubicin (DOX), a common cancer chemotherapeutics, was conjugated to folate-modified thiolated-polyethylene glycol-functionalized gold nanoparticles. The in vitro, controlled release behavior of DOX-loaded gold nanoparticles was observed using porous dialysis membranes (cut-off = 2 kDa). DOX-loaded gold nanoparticles had higher cytotoxicity for folate-receptor-positive cells (KB cells) compared to folate-receptor-negative cells (A549 ...
Borska Sylwia - - 2010
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the ABC transporters responsible for the resistance of several tumours to successful chemotherapy. Numerous agents are capable of interfering with the P-gp-mediated export of drugs but unfortunately most of them produce serious side effects. Some plant polyphenols, including the flavonol quercetin (Q), manifest anti-neoplastic activity ...
Qi She-Ning - - 2010
GP7 (4-[4"-(2", 2", 6", 6"-tetramethyl-l"-piperidinyloxy) amino]-4'-demethyl epipodophyllotoxin) is a promising anticancer drug of the podophyllotoxin class. However, little is known about its anti-multidrug resistance effects. In the present study, we investigated the effects of GP7 on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) overexpression multidrug-resistant human leukemia K562/ADM cells with the comparison of VP-16 and ...
Zhou Yuan - - 2010
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle in the chemotherapy of cancer patients. The aim of this study was to establish a mutidrug-resistant cell line SK-Hep1/DDP and explore its molecular mechanism of the MDR. SK-Hep1/DDP cell line was induced by pulse treatment using a high concentration of cisplatin (DDP) in ...
Vellonen Kati-Sisko KS Centre for Drug Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2010
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are able to efflux their substrate drugs from the cells. We compared expression of efflux proteins in normal human corneal epithelial tissue, primary human corneal epithelial cells (HCEpiC), and corneal epithelial cell culture model (HCE model) based on human immortal cell line. Expression of multidrug resistance ...
Mlejnek P - - 2010
AIM: The sensitivity of cancer cells which exhibit multi-drug resistance phenotype to A3 adenosine receptor (A3AR) agonist N(6)-(3-iodobenzyl)-adenosine-5'-N-methylcarboxamide (IB-MECA) was studied. METHODS: To establish direct relationship between P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1 and MDR1) expression and IB-MECA induced cell death, a straightforward method for precise estimation of intracellular level of this A3AR ...
Effenberger K - - 2010
Doxorubicin N-acylhydrazones derived from saturated, unsaturated and terpene-terminated fatty acids were tested for anticancer activity in cells of human HL-60 leukaemia, 518A2 melanoma, MCF-7/Topo breast and KB-V1/Vbl cervix carcinomas. In the latter, the N-heptadecanoyl hydrazone was more cytotoxic than its unsaturated C18-fatty acyl analogues and even three times more than ...
Kang Han Chang HC Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, - - 2010
While multidrug resistance (MDR) has been a significant issue in cancer chemotherapy, delivery resistance to various anti-cancer biotherapeutics, including genes, has not been widely recognized as a property of MDR. This study aims to provide a better understanding of the transfection characteristics of drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cells by tracing microenvironmental ...
Li Feng - - 2010
A novel microtubule destabilizer, substituted methoxybenzoyl-ary-thiazole (SMART)-100, was synthesized, which showed good anticancer activity in HepG2 cells. SMART-100 was able to circumvent multidrug resistance (MDR) and effectively inhibited the growth of cell lines that overexpress P-glycoprotein (P-gp). SMART-100 inhibited P-gp activity, which may be responsible for its ability to overcome ...
Upadhyay Kamal K - - 2010
We have investigated the intracellular delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) loaded poly(gamma-benzyl L-glutamate)-block-hyaluronan (PBLG-b-HYA) based polymersomes (PolyDOX) in high (MCF-7) and low (U87) CD44 expressing cancer cell models. DOX was successfully loaded into polymersomes using nanoprecipitation method and in vitro drug release pattern were achieved at pH 5.5 and 7.4 up ...
Zhang Yi - - 2010
To investigate the reversal mechanisms of a novel semisynthetic taxane derivative, Syl611. Syl611 is a structurally modified compound from Sinenxan A, and the chemical structure is entirely new. It was found to significantly increase paclitaxel-induced cytotoxicity in drug-resistant cells, while presenting a low level of cytotoxicity. The in vitro cytotoxic ...
Seo Suk-Bin - - 2010
The development of new modulator possessing high efficacy, low toxicity and high selectivity is a pivotal approach to overcome P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer treatment. In this study, we suggest a new molecular mechanism that TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) down-regulates P-glycoprotein (P-gp) through inhibition of ...
Wakuda Hirokazu - - 2010
We established a highly sensitive method for evaluating P-glycoprotein activity in Caco-2 cells. Using time-lapse confocal laser-scanning microscopy, we measured the change in fluorescence of residual rhodamine 123 in Caco-2 cells. Horizontal fluorescence images of rhodamine 123 in the apical and central parts of these cells were captured for 90 ...
Wang Xuan-Bin - - 2010
Some membrane transporters in liver, such as P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2), MRP3, and MRP5 can lead to a complex multidrug resistance (MDR) to antineoplastic agents. How to inhibit these proteins is still an issue. Tetramethylpyrazine is a bioactive constituent isolated from the root of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, a ...
Di Bartolomeo Sabrina - - 2010
Chemosensitization of HepG2 cells to doxorubicin by 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol neither impinged on downregulation of P-glycoprotein expression nor on severe impairment of its activity. Moreover, differently from verapamil, a potent P-glycoprotein inhibitor, 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol chemosensitized HepG2 cells in a fashion that was insensitive to the pancaspase inhibitor benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone. At concentrations exceeding the one ...
Iijima Masatomi - - 2010
TP-110, a novel proteasome inhibitor, has been found to possess potent growth inhibition in human multiple myeloma cells. To enhance its therapeutic effects, we established TP-110-resistant RPMI-8226 (RPMI-8226/TP-110) cells and elucidated their resistance mechanisms. The IC₅₀ value for TP-110 cytotoxicity in the RPMI-8226/TP-110 cells was about 10-fold higher than that ...
Lettner Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyphal growth and multidrug resistance of C. albicans are important features for virulence and antifungal therapy of this pathogenic fungus. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we show by phenotypic complementation analysis that the C. albicans gene AGE3 is the functional ortholog of the yeast ARF-GAP-encoding gene GCS1. The finding that the ...
Kawami Masashi - - 2010
The effects of ethanol extracts from Thai plants on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function and cell viability were examined using paclitaxel-resistant HepG2 (PR-HepG2) cells. KP018 from Ellipeiopsis cherrevensis and AT80 from Ancistrocladus tectorius increased both rhodamine 123, a typical P-gp substrate, and [(3)H]paclitaxel uptake in PR-HepG2 cells. However, some extracts such as ...
Schneiderman Rosa S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exposure of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents may result in reduced sensitivity to structurally unrelated agents, a phenomenon known as multidrug resistance, MDR. The purpose of this study is to investigate cell growth inhibition of wild type and the corresponding MDR cells by Tumor Treating Fields--TTFields, a new cancer ...
Li Ruibin - - 2010
Fluorescently labeled carbon nanotube probes (CNTP) are prepared by derivatizing oxidized (o)-MWNTs with a fluorescein dye. Capillary electrophoresis coupled with laser-induced fluorescence (CE-LIF) detection is used to separate and detect CNTP in multidrug-resistant cells (K562A) and the parent cells (K562S). CE-LIF and flow cytometry investigation reveal that the CNTP can ...
Zhao Weiguo - - 2010
We studied the effect of resveratrol treatment on multidrug-resistant human non-small cell lung cancer cells. Human multidrug-resistant SPC-A-1/CDDP cells were treated with resveratrol at a concentration of 25, 50, or 100 microM in in vitro studies and nude mice were implanted with multidrug-resistant SPC-A-1/and fed a special diet that included ...
De Angelis Antonella A Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Pharmacology, Second Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy. - - 2010
Anthracyclines are the most effective drugs available in the treatment of neoplastic diseases; however, they have profound consequences on the structure and function of the heart, which over time cause a cardiomyopathy that leads to congestive heart failure. Administration of doxorubicin in rats led to a dilated myopathy, heart failure, ...
Janneh Omar - - 2010
Cultured pre-adipocytes accumulate and metabolize zidovudine (ZDV), but its mode of accumulation into these cells is unclear. We investigated the mode of accumulation of [(3)H]-ZDV, and the impact of changes in external pH and modulators of drug transporters on its accumulation and metabolism. The initial rate and steady-state accumulation of ...
Fetisova Elena K - - 2010
A conjugate of plastoquinone with decylrhodamine 19 (SkQR1) selectively accumulates in mitochondria of normal and tumor cells. SkQR1 protected the cellular pool of reduced glutathione under oxidative stress. Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp 170) multidrug resistance pump strongly suppresses accumulation of SkQR1. The inhibitors of Pgp 170 stimulate accumulation of SkQR1 ...
Neuhaus Winfried - - 2010
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) maintains the homeostasis between the central nervous system and the blood circulation. One of the main efflux transporter proteins at the BBB is P-glycoprotein (P-gP) also known as ABCB1 or MDR1. Due to the important role of P-gP for the transport barrier function of the BBB, ...
Ouyang Gui-Fang - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the combined effects of bortezomib (Bor) and daunorubicin (DNR) or each drug alone on proliferation of human multiple myeloma cell line KM3. KM3 cells were cultured with different concentrations of Bor and DNR, Bor or DNR alone for different times. The cell ...
Gibalov? Lenka - - 2009
P-glycoprotein (P-gp, a drug transporter found in the plasma membrane)-mediated multidrug resistance of leukemia cells represents a real obstacle in the effective chemotherapeutic treatment of leukemia. While cisplatin (CisPt) is known to be a substance that is untransportable by P-gp, P-gp positive cells were often found to be resistant to ...
Bram Eran E - - 2009
ABCG2 is an efflux transporter conferring multidrug resistance (MDR) on cancer cells. However, the initial molecular events leading to its up-regulation in MDR tumor cells are poorly understood. Herein, we explored the impact of drug treatment on the methylation status of the ABCG2 promoter and consequent reactivation of ABCG2 gene ...
Saffi Jenifer - - 2010
Doxorubicin (DOX), a member of the anthracycline group, is a widely used drug in cancer therapy. The mechanisms of DOX action include topoisomerase II-poisoning, free radical release, DNA adducts and interstrand cross-link (ICL) formation. Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is involved in the removal of helix-distorting lesions and chemical adducts, however, ...
Aroui Sonia - - 2010
One of the major obstacles which are opposed to the success of anticancer treatment is the cell resistance that generally develops after administration of commonly used drugs. In this study, we try to overcome the tumour cell resistance of doxorubicin (Dox) by developing a cell-penetrating peptide (CPP)-anticancer drug conjugate in ...
Zhao Xiaohong - - 2010
Here we firstly investigated the role of miR-138 in multidrug resistance of leukemia cells. miR-138 was found up-regulated in the vincristine-induced multidrug resistance (MDR) leukemia cell line HL-60/VCR as compared with HL-60 cells. Up-regulation of miR-138 could reverse resistance of both P-glycoprotein-related and P-glycoprotein-non-related drugs on HL-60/VCR cells, and promote ...
Aroui Sonia - - 2009
Previous work from our laboratory has shown that coupling doxorubicin (Dox) to cell penetrating peptides (Dox-CPPs) is a good strategy to overcome Dox resistance in MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells. We also reported that, in contrast to unconjugated Dox-induced cell death, the increase in apoptotic response does not involve the ...
Zhang Fei - - 2009
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is the major cause of failure in cancer chemotherapy. Recent reports even suggest that MDR is associated with elevated invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. In the current study, we used a proteomic approach to identify genes that play an important role in MDR induced cell migration. ...
Chen Li-Ming - - 2009
Our previous studies have shown that tetrandrine (Tet) reverses the effect of P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) both in vitro and in vivo. 5-Bromotetrandrine (Br-Tet) is a newly synthesized brominated derivative of Tet. In this study, we investigated the MDR reversal activity of Br-Tet in vitro and in vivo and ...
Ampasavate Chadarat - - 2010
The effects of Curcuma longa (khamin chan) and Curcuma sp. "khamin-oi" (khamin-oi), as well as isolated major curcuminoids on intestinal P-gp functions were evaluated in vitro. The accumulation of R123 in Caco-2 cells was increased and the R123 efflux ratios were significantly decreased by both Curcuma longa and Curcuma sp. ...
Alakhova Daria Yu DY Center for Drug Delivery and Nanomedicine and Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5830, United - - 2010
A synthetic amphiphilic block copolymer, Pluronic, is a potent chemosensitizer of multidrug resistant (MDR) cancers that has shown promise in clinical trials. It has unique activities in MDR cells, which include a decrease in ATP pools and inhibition of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) resulting in increased drug accumulation in cells. This work ...
Spengler Gabriella - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cancer cells become refractory to chemotherapy as a consequence of their overexpressing ABC transporters that extrude not only the therapeutic agent but other unrelated compounds such as chemotoxins and biocides before they can reach their intended targets. A compound that can inhibit the activity of these transporters may find ...
Cui Xiangzhen - - 2009
As the interaction of hyaluronan (HA) with its receptor CD44 contributes to multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumor cells, HA oligosaccharides (o-HAs), as HA antagonists, may be useful to reverse the MDR. The objective of this study was to investigate the reversal effects of four o-HAs, including 4 saccharide residue (o-HA4), ...
Tsang Tsun Yee - - 2009
Hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells (G cells) were subjected to selection first with gamma-radiation and then doxorubicin (Dox). The radiation treatment consisted of 2 Gy for 10 days (G2) or 10 Gy for 2 days (G10) and the Dox treatment was continuous exposure for up to 10 microM. Compared with respective ...
Cheng Jian - - 2009
The present study was aimed to evaluate the MDR reversal activity of bromotetrandrine (BrTet) in vitro and in vivo. The inhibitory effects of adriamycin (ADM) used alone or in combination with BrTet or Tet on the proliferation of K562 and K562/A02 cells were evaluated by MTT assay. The ADM accumulation ...
Xu Hong-Bin - - 2009
Multidrug resistance (MDR) has been a major problem in cancer chemotherapy. The development of P-glycoprotein inhibitors could be effective to reverse multidrug resistance. The aim of this study was to observe the effects of guggulsterone, the active component of gugulipid, on multidrug resistance in doxorubicin-resistant K562 cells (K562/DOX) and the ...
Darghal Nacira - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most commonly form of dementia in the elderly. The development of molecules able to detect biomarkers characteristic of AD is critical to its understanding and treatment. However, such molecules must be able to pass blood-brain barrier (BBB) which is a major impediment to the entry ...
El-Readi Mahmoud Zaki - - 2010
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a membrane transporter encoded by the MDR1 gene in human cells, mediates drug efflux from cells and plays a major role in causing multidrug resistance; which is one of the most accepted mechanisms for failure of chemotherapy in cancer treatment. In this study, we investigated the effects of ...
Laberge Rémi-Martin - - 2009
P-glycoprotein (or P-gp1, ABCB1) expression in tumor cells is causative of multidrug resistance through the active efflux of drugs across the cell membrane. However, the over-expression of P-glycoprotein in some tumor cells has been associated with increased sensitivity, or "collateral sensitivity", of multidrug resistant cells to specific drugs, including the ...
Sánchez Catherine - - 2009
Multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins have been associated with the lack of chemotherapy response. Expression of these proteins has been described in the prostate, but there is no information about their role in the chemotherapy response of prostate cancer (PC). We studied the gene and protein expression of MDR proteins in ...
Janneh Omar O Department of Biomolecular and Sports Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, UK. - - 2009
Interaction of antiretrovirals with drug transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and solute carrier organic anion transporter (SLCO) may influence the emergence of viral mutants by altering intracellular drug concentrations. Here we characterize the effect of transporter expression in a variety of ...
Siissalo Sanna - - 2010
The human intestinal cell line, Caco-2, was used to study compounds - indomethacin, paracetamol and 1-naphthol - that undergo intestinal phase II metabolism followed by apical and/or basolateral efflux of the metabolites and/or parent compounds. The interplay was studied during permeability experiments across fully differentiated Caco-2 cell monolayers. The parent ...
Go Woon Jung - - 2009
Oroxylin A (1), a flavonoid from the roots of Scutellaria baicalensis, increased the cellular accumulation of calcein AM in a concentration-dependent manner in NCI/ADR-RES cells overexpressing P-glycoprotein over the concentration range 0-40 microM. In addition, 1 significantly (p < 0.05) increased the cellular accumulation of paclitaxel in NCI/ADR-RES cells while ...
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