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Results 451 - 500 of 1383
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Holownia Adam - - 2004
Tamoxifen can exert its effects through the competitive inhibition of estrogen receptors or other mechanisms. HepG2 cells lacking estrogen receptors and engineered to overexpress CYP3A4, the most important CYP to metabolize the drug, appear to be a good model to study the effects of tamoxifen metabolites. Tamoxifen altered cell cycle ...
Ghetie Maria-Ana - - 2004
We have previously demonstrated that an anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody (MAb; HD37) inhibits the function of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) pump in a multidrug-resistant (MDR) B-lymphoma cell line, Namalwa/MDR1, and that this effect is not due to the recognition of a cross-reactive epitope on P-gp. In this study, we have used the ...
Yan Ziying - - 2004
Tripeptidyl aldehyde proteasome inhibitors have been shown to effectively increase viral capsid ubiquitination and transduction of recombinant adeno-associated virus type 2 (rAAV-2) and rAAV-5 serotypes. In the present study we have characterized a second class of proteasome-modulating agents (anthracycline derivatives) for their ability to induce rAAV transduction. The anthracycline derivatives ...
Tanaka Yuki - - 2004
A microchip-based cell response assay system to an anticancer agent was developed. The hepatoma cell line HepG2 was used to assess the effects of an anticancer agent, doxorubicin. The required cell number was reduced by two orders, and the observation of the time course of cell response became possible. The ...
Villa Anna Maria - - 2004
We present here a confocal fluorescence microscopy study of mitochondria in sensitive and resistant carcinoma cells by using two potentiometric probes of mitochondria, rhodamine 123 (R123) and dimethylaminostyryl-methylpyridiniumiodine. We have found that active mitochondria in sensitive MCF-7 and multidrug resistant MCF-7/DX carcinoma cells are very different in localization and morphology. ...
Durdux M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Broad resistance to anticancer drugs is a major cause of failure in cancer treatment. The Lung Resistance-related Protein (LRP) is a protein associated with drug resistance, which is involved in nucleo-cytoplasmic transport and is known to predict a poor response to chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukaemia. The only method ...
Illmer T - - 2004
Imatinib (Glivec), STI571) is an intracellular acting drug that demonstrates high activity against BCR-ABL-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, many patients, especially with advanced disease, develop drug resistance. Here, we show by a novel high-performance liquid chromatography-based method that intracellular levels of imatinib decrease in ...
Madureira Ana Margarida - - 2004
The ability of fifteen cycloartanes, isolated from Euphorbia species, to reverse multidrug resistance (MDR) and apoptosis induction in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells, including its multidrug-resistant subline, was studied by flow cytometry. Reversion of MDR was investigated using a standard functional assay with rhodamine 123 as a fluorescent substrate analogue. For ...
Minderman Hans - - 2004
PURPOSE: The pipecolinate derivative VX-710 (biricodar; Incel) is a clinically applicable modulator of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and multidrug resistance protein (MRP-1); we studied its activity against the third multidrug resistance (MDR)-associated drug efflux protein, breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: VX-710 modulation of uptake, retention, and cytotoxicity of mitoxantrone, daunorubicin, ...
Theti Davinder S - - 2004
PURPOSE: Raltitrexed, pemetrexed, lometrexol, and ZD9331 are antifolate drugs transported into cells via the ubiquitously expressed reduced-folate carrier. They display also high affinity for the alpha-folate receptor (alpha-FR), a low capacity folate transporter that is highly overexpressed in some epithelial tumors. The role of alpha-FR in the activity of the ...
Pichler Andrea - - 2004
Coelenterazine is widely distributed among marine organisms, producing bioluminescence by calcium-insensitive oxidation mediated by Renilla luciferase (Rluc) and calcium-dependent oxidation mediated by the photoprotein aequorin. Despite its abundance in nature and wide use of both proteins as reporters of gene expression and signal transduction, little is known about mechanisms of ...
Paukner Susanne - - 2004
Systemic application of anticancer drugs often causes severe toxic side effects. To reduce the undesired effects, advanced drug delivery systems are needed which are based on specific cell targeting vehicles. In this study, bacterial ghosts from Mannheimia haemolytica were used for site-specific delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) to human colorectal adenocarcinoma ...
Hinrichs, Joann Wilhelm Jakob
The main goal of the research described in this thesis was to obtain more insight into the potential role of sphingolipids in multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumor cells. The approachinvolved the monitoring of sphingolipid dynamics in terms of metabolism and localization in relation to the acquisition of MDR and the ...
Rosati Anna - - 2004
Most of the substances used as fluorescent probes to study drug transport and the effect of efflux blockers in multidrug resistant cells have many drawbacks, such as toxicity, unspecific background, accumulation in mitochondria. New fluorescent compounds, among which Bodipy-FL-verapamil (BV), have been therefore proposed as more useful tools. The uptake ...
Foulquier François - - 2004
Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation of newly synthesized glycoproteins has been demonstrated previously using various mammalian cell lines. Depending on the cell type, glycoproteins bearing Man9 glycans and glycoproteins bearing Man5 glycans can be efficiently degraded. A wide variety of variables can lead to defective synthesis of lipid-linked oligosaccharides and, therefore, in ...
Tsai Tsuimin - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proposed as an alternative approach in overcoming multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype. To verify whether 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated PDT is effective in MDR cells, we studied the protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) content, intracellular localization, and phototoxicity in human breast cancer cells MCF-7 and derived ...
Mubashar Muhammad - - 2004
The effect of toremifene on P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) in breast and head and neck cancer cell lines was measured in vitro and in vivo. Pgp expression was low and high, respectively, in drug-sensitive (MCF7-S, KB) and drug-resistant (MCF7-R, MCF7-R1, KBV1) cell lines. Toremifene (7.5 microM) significantly enhanced cytoplasmic and ...
Park Soo-Jung - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several mechanisms are known to cause resistance to chemotherapy in cancer cells, but the mechanisms of drug resistance due to a lack of apoptosis are not well elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To understand the mechanisms of resistance to apoptosis induced by doxorubicin (DOX), we developed a DOX-resistant variant of ...
Magnarin Monica - - 2004
P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-related proteins (MRPs) and lung resistance-related protein (LRP) are involved in multidrug resistance in tumor cells but are also expressed in normal tissues. In the LLC-PK(1) tubular renal cell line, a 15-day treatment with 25 microM rifampicin significantly increased the mRNA levels of P-glycoprotein, MRP1, MRP2, LRP and ...
Vinogradov Serguei V - - 2004
Cationic copolymers were synthesized by conjugation of branched 2 kDa polyethylenimine (PEI) and Pluronic block copolymers (F38, P85, P123). Compositions of these copolymers mixed with corresponding free Pluronics at weight ratio 1:9 were used to complex phosphorothioate oligonucleotides (ODN). As a result stable suspensions of small micelle-like particles (<220 nm) ...
Konishi Tomoko - - 2004
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a 170 kDa membrane protein that belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. In normal tissues, P-gp functions as an ATP-dependent efflux pump that excretes highly hydrophobic xenobiotic compounds, playing an important role in protecting the cells/tissues from xenobiotics. In the present study, chemical substances that ...
Arancia G - - 2004
Multidrug resistance (MDR) has been studied extensively because it is one of major problems in cancer chemotherapy. The MDR phenotype is often due to overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), that acting as an energy-dependent drug efflux pump exports various anticancer drugs out of cells. The major goal of our investigation is ...
De Rosa María Fabiana - - 2004
Transfection studies have implicated the multiple drug resistance pump, MDR1, as a glucosyl ceramide translocase within the Golgi complex (Lala, P., Ito, S., and Lingwood, C. A. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 6246-6251). We now show that MDR1 inhibitors, cyclosporin A or ketoconazole, inhibit neutral glycosphingolipid biosynthesis in 11 of ...
Fiala R - - 2003
Multidrug resistance of murine leukaemic cell line L1210/VCR (obtained by adaptation of parental drug-sensitive L1210 cells to vincristine) is associated with overexpression of mdr1 gene product P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-the ATP-dependent drug efflux pump. 31P-NMR spectra of L1210 and L1210/VCR cells (the latter in the presence of vincristine) revealed, besides the decrease ...
Holownia Adam - - 2003
Taxol treatment froze the cell cycle in the G(2)/M phase, induced morphological changes characteristic of apoptotic/necrotic cell death and increased CYP3A4 enzymatic activity, CYP3A4 mRNA and protein levels in HepG2 cells overexpressing CYP3A4. Apoptosis was associated with cytochrome c release to the cytosol; however, at higher Taxol levels, cells became ...
Wei Hulai - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) on the apoptosis and p-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression of multidrug-resistant human leukemia cells. METHODS: Human multidrug-resistant leukemia cell line K562/ADM overexpressing the MDR1 gene, was used as the target cells. The cell proliferating activity was assessed using the MTT colorimetric assay. Cytomorphology ...
Karwatsky Joel - - 2003
Selection of tumor cell lines with anticancer drugs has led to the appearance of multidrug-resistant (MDR) subclones with P-glycoprotein 1 (P-gp1) expression. These cells are cross-resistant to several structurally and functionally dissimilar drugs. Interestingly, in the process of gaining resistance, MDR cells become hypersensitive or collaterally sensitive to membrane-active agents, ...
Hong Jungil - - 2003
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol of green tea, has many interesting biological activities. The uptake of EGCG and involvement of specific efflux pumps were studied in MDCKII cells transfected with hPgp, hMRP1, and hMRP2 genes. Total cell associated [3H]EGCG increased 7-fold in the presence of the MRP inhibitors, indomethacin and ...
Svensson Susanne - - 2003
Okadaic acid (OA) is a dinoflagellate toxin, accumulating in shellfish and causing diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in humans. OA is a highly cytotoxic agent in most cell lines because of its inhibiting properties of protein phosphatases. So far, the cytotoxicity of OA in mussels, the main vectors of DSP, has ...
Bielak-Mijewska Anna - - 2004
PURPOSE: One of the mechanisms responsible for the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype of cancer cells is overexpression of so-called ATP-dependent drug efflux proteins: the 170-kDa P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by the MDR1 gene and the 190-kDa multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 encoded by the MRP1 gene. The purpose of the present study ...
Zhang Yuesheng - - 2003
Many plant-derived isothiocyanates (ITCs), which occur in human diet, are potent cancer chemopreventive agents in animals. Among the anticarcinogenic mechanisms that have been revealed for ITCs is the inhibition of cell proliferation. We report that exposure of cancer cells to either allyl-ITC (AITC), benzyl-ITC (BITC), or phenethyl-ITC (PEITC) for only ...
Wagner-Souza Karen - - 2003
A multidrug resistant (MDR) cell line, derived from the human leukaemic cell K562 and selected for its resistance to Vincristine, was shown to be resistant to Thapsigargin (TG). A concentration of 50 nM TG was toxic to K562 cells whereas the MDR cell line, known as Lucena I cells, survived ...
Batrakova Elena V EV College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 986025 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-6025, - - 2003
This study evaluated the chemosensitizing effects of Pluronic P85 (P85) on cells expressing multidrug resistance-associated proteins, MRPI and MRP2. Cell models included MRP1- and MRP2-transfected MDCKII cells as well as doxorubicin-selected COR-L23/R cells overexpressing MRP1. Effects of P85 on cellular accumulation and cytotoxicity of vinblastine and doxorubicin were determined. Mechanistic ...
Gong Yuping - - 2003
The sequestration of drugs away from cellular target sites into cytoplasmic organelles of multidrug-resistant (MDR) cancer cells has been recently shown to be a cause for ineffective drug therapy. This process is poorly understood despite the fact that it has been observed in a large number of MDR cancer cell ...
Hamada Akinobu - - 2003
The interaction of imatinib mesilate with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was examined using pig kidney epithelial LLC-PK1 cells versus L-MDR1 cells, which overexpress human P-gp on the apical membrane. The basal-to-apical transport of imatinib mesilate in L-MDR1 cells significantly exceeded that in the parental LLCPK1 cells. The intracellular accumulation of imatinib mesilate ...
Kotaki Mitsuko - - 2003
STI571, an abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is less effective in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients in the accelerated phase and in blastic crisis. We addressed whether STI571 is effective for the CML blastic crisis cell line K562 and the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) positive, multidrug resistance cell line K562/ADM. The present results ...
Narita Shin-ichiro - - 2003
The amount of the subunit proteins of the MexAB-OprM efflux pump in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was quantified by the immunoblotting method. A single cell of the wild-type strain contained about 2500, 1000, and 1200 copies of MexA, MexB, and OprM, respectively, and their stoichiometry therefore was 2:1:1. The mexR mutant produced ...
Mi Qiuwen - - 2003
P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated drug efflux can yield a multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype that is associated with poor response to cancer chemotherapy. Pervilleine F, a new tropane alkaloid aromatic ester obtained from a chloroform extract of the roots of Erythroxylum pervillei as the result of bioactivity-guided fractionation, was found to restore the ...
Wei Hu-Lai - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the reversal effect and apoptosis enhancement of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) and antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide (ASODN) targeted to multidrug resistance gene (mdr1) on human multidrug resistant leukemia K562/ADM cells. METHODS: A 15-mer PNA and the same sequence of ASODN, complementary to the 5' end of the AUG initiator ...
Fu Li-wu - - 2003
AIM: Annonaceous acetogenin 89-2 was obtained from atemoya plant. To investigate the effect of 89-2 on experimental chemotherapy against xenografts derived from multidrug resistant KBv200 cells and parental drug-sensitive KB cells. METHODS: Cytotoxicity was determined by tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The models of KB and KBv200 xenografts in nude mice were ...
Stark Michal - - 2003
Export of folates from a Chinese hamster ovary PyrR100 cell line is markedly impaired, resulting in expansion of cellular folate pools and high-level antifolate resistance. We now report that MRP1 expression is absent in PyrR100 cells along with a marked decrease in MRP5 expression with 3-fold cross-resistance to thiopurines. PyrR100 ...
Dijkhuis Anne-Jan - - 2003
The sphingolipid composition and multidrug resistance status of three human neuroblastoma cell lines were established. SK-N-FI cells displayed high expression and functional (efflux) activity of P-glycoprotein, while multidrug resistance-related protein 1 was relatively abundant and most active in SK-N-AS cells. These two cell lines exhibited higher sphingolipid levels, compared to ...
Kinuya Seigo - - 2003
Hypoxia reduces the uptake of technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) in human cancer cell lines. In the current investigation, we attempted to identify the relationship between hypoxia-induced alteration of (99m)Tc-MIBI accumulation and expression of multi-drug resistance-associated protein (MRP) in the MCF7/WT breast cancer cell line and its subclonal cell line, MCF7/VP, which ...
Einicker-Lamas M - - 2003
Selective pressures from polluted environments have led to the development of resistance systems in aquatic organisms. Using different techniques, this study examined a cadmium defense mechanism of the freshwater unicellular protozoa Euglena gracilis, and found it to be an efflux pump similar to the multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein. Cd(2+)-treated E. gracilis ...
Wu Jimmy Yiu-Cheong - - 2003
The pyranocoumarins, (+/-)-3'-angeloyl-4'-acetoxy-cis-khellactone, were isolated from Radix Peucedani, the dry root of Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn, through bioassay-guided fractionation. The chemical structure of pyranocoumarins was determined by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. X-ray crystallography showed that there are eight molecules (i.e. two each of four conformers) in each ...
Dey Surajit - - 2003
PURPOSE: Efflux pumps such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp; MDR1) are believed to be a major barrier to drug delivery. The purpose of this work was to determine whether cornea and corneal epithelial cells expresses the functionally active P-gp efflux pump. METHOD: Cultured rabbit primary corneal epithelial cells (rPCECs) and a corneal ...
Márián Teréz - - 2003
P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is an ABC (ATP binding cassette) transporter that is often overexpressed in tumours, contributing significantly to their multidrug resistance. In this study, we explored whether the radiotracers used in tumour diagnostics can be used for in vivo visualisation of Pgp-related multidrug resistance. We also examined the effects of ...
Morita Naomi - - 2003
The two most frequently observed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the human multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene are 2677G/T/A (893Ala/Ser/Thr) and 3435C/T (no amino acid substitution). In this study, six forms of MDR1 cDNAs with the SNPs were expressed in LLC-PK1 cells and their transport activities were determined. Nearly identical ...
Mukai Motoi - - 2003
STI571, an Abl-specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor, selectively kills Bcr-Abl-containing cells in vitro and in vivo. However, some chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell lines are resistant to STI571. We evaluated whether STI571 interacts with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1), and examined the effect of agents that reverse multidrug ...
Mealey K L - - 2003
Glucocorticoids are often used in veterinary cancer patients because of their anti-inflammatory actions, appetite-stimulating effects, ability to decrease nausea and vomiting associated with some chemotherapy agents, and, in some instances, for their cytotoxic actions on susceptible tumour cells. Veterinary oncologists may not consider the possibility that the use of glucocorticoids ...
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