Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1176
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Li R H - - 1996
Schwann cells, an important component of the peripheral nervous system, interact with neurons to mutually support growth and replication in the embryo and survival and differentiated function in the adult. The ability of adult Schwann cells to re-enter the cell cycle after nerve injury is crucial to their role in ...
Adamus G - - 1996
Immunopathological changes in the eyes were examined in Lewis rats after active and passive induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) with myelin basic proteins (MBP) at various stages of EAE. The onset of anterior uveitis (AU) coincided with hind limb paralysis, but uveitis persisted after clinical signs of EAE had ...
Mirsky R - - 1996
Using the rat sciatic nerve as a model for the study of Schwann cell differentiation we have identified a Schwann cell precursor, a distinct cell type present in developing nerves at a time when they are projecting to their target tissues. These cells develop into Schwann cells over a relatively ...
Yamada H - - 1996
Twitcher (twi/twi) is a murine model of globoid cell leukodystrophy in humans caused by a genetic deficiency in activity of galactosylceramidase. Our previous study demonstrated that the rate of Schwann cell proliferation in twi/twi was considerably lower than that of the control (+/+) in vitro. We hypothesize that the lower ...
Sasagasako N - - 1996
Myelin gene expression was investigated in the immortalized S16 Schwann cell line grown in the presence and absence of serum and at different densities. Protein expression was monitored by western blotting, and message levels were determined by RNase protection assays. To study cell proliferation rates at different cell densities and ...
Fuxe K - - 1996
1. The mapping of glucocorticoid receptors (GR) in the rat central nervous system (CNS) has demonstrated their widespread presence in large numbers of nerve and glial cell populations also outside the classical stress regions. 2. The present paper summarizes the evidence that glucocorticoids via GR in the CNS can act ...
Jung-Testas I - - 1996
We have recently shown that progesterone promotes myelin formation in peripheral nerves of rodents. In this study, we demonstrate the presence of progesterone receptors (PR) in primary cultures of rat Schwann cells, the glial cells of the PNS, prepared from sciatic nerves of 4-5 days old rats. After 3 weeks ...
Minghetti L - - 1996
Recently we identified three novel Schwann cell mitogens named GGF (glial growth factor)-I (34 kDa), GGF-II (59 kDa), and GGF-III (45 kDa), and provided evidence that they are three distinct but structurally related members of a larger family of factors, which includes heregulin, neu differentiation factor, and acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity ...
Li R - - 1996
Schwann cells are one of the principal components of the peripheral nervous system. They play a crucial role in nerve regeneration and can be used clinically in the repair of injured nerves. We have established serum-free, defined culture conditions that rapidly expand adult human Schwann cells without fibroblast growth. We ...
Chen W J - - 1996
Previous studies in our laboratory indicated that cocaine exposure during the brain growth spurt period, a developmental stage vulnerable to various teratogens, did not produce microencephaly (gross brain weight measures). However, neonatal cocaine exposure has been shown to affect motor coordination and balance, which are both sensitive to cerebellar damage. ...
Woerly S - - 1996
Cultured Schwann cells, neonatal astrocytes or cells dissociated from embryonic cerebral hemispheres were dispersed within poly-[N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-methacrylamide]-based hydrogel matrices by gel entrapment and maintained in vitro for 1-6 days. Glial cells were pre-labelled with Hoechst 33342. Cell differentiation and viability were studied by immunocytochemistry. Up to 15% of Schwann cells initially ...
Zhang Q L - - 1996
To learn more about neuropeptide-induced glial responses which accompany axon regeneration, we studied effects of VIP on laminin production by cultured Schwann cells. Schwann cells were isolated from sciatic nerves of neonatal mice, purified, and incubated for 5 days in either control medium (DMEM + 15% FCS) or control medium ...
Kriebel M E - - 1996
Electric organs of skate (Raja species) dissociate to form populations of individual electrocytes when incubated in saline solutions containing collagenase. The rate of dissociation was highly temperature dependent, with an apparent Q10 of > 6 in the range of 6 degrees-26 degrees C. The number of electrocytes per organ was ...
Saleuddin A S - - 1996
The neurite distribution of three large neurosecretory cells, namely one canopy cell and two lateral-lobe cells from each lateral lobe of the cerebral ganglia in Helisoma duryi were studied by thick and thin plastic serial sections. These cells from only the right lateral lobe innervate the dorsal body. Neurites from ...
Torigoe K - - 1996
In axonal regeneration after a peripheral nerve injury, Schwann cells migrate from the two nerve ends and at last form a continuous tissue cable across the gap which guides the axons toward the bands of Bungner. However, the behavior of migratory Schwann cells and their possible role are obscure. Using ...
Mirsky R - - 1996
Neu-differentiation factor (glial growth factor) has been established as an important regulator of early Schwann cell development, and the lineage relationship between immature Schwann cells and the neural crest has been clarified by the identification of the Schwann cell precursor. Progress has been made in identifying transcription factors that control ...
Benraiss A - - 1996
The urodele amphibians are nearly the only adult vertebrates able to regenerate their missing or amputated tail. The most striking feature of this model lies in the ability of the spinal cord (SC) to differentiate, within the regenerating tail, a new ependymal tube from which the SC and the peripheral ...
Zorick T S - - 1996
We have studied the transcription factors SCIP and Krox-20 in differentiating Schwann cells-during normal development, in experimentally induced degenerating and regenerating peripheral nerves, and in cell culture-and have compared the expression of these regulators to a battery of genes that mark distinct stages in Schwann cell differentiation. In the myelinating ...
Topilko P - - 1996
During the past few years important advances have been realized in the understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms operating in the differentiation of Schwann cells from neural crest cells. In particular the development of in vitro culture systems has allowed the analysis of commitment to the Schwann cell lineage, ...
Brasko J - - 1995
Purkinje cell loss in adult rats resuscitated following cardiac arrest is analogous to that seen following human cardiac arrest. Administration of the competitive AMPA antagonist NBQX to rats resuscitated after 10 min duration cardiac arrest rescued 21.5% of the vulnerable Purkinje cell population. These results support the hypothesis that sustained ...
Ikeguchi M - - 1995
Many anticancer agents induce an active process that leads to cell death, known as, apoptosis, in sensitive tumor cells. The fragmentation of DNA, an indicator of apoptosis, was analyzed in two different lines of human gastric cancer cells (HSC-39 and MKN-28) that had been exposed to adriamycin and cisplatin. The ...
Minobe S - - 1995
The differentiation of hydra nerve cells in the nerve-free tissue of epithelial hydra was examined in Hydra magnipapillata. Nerve cell precursors, the interstitial cells, were introduced into the upper half of epithelial hydra by grafting it onto the lower half of normal hydra. In the tentacles of grafted epithelial hydra, ...
Hoshi N - - 1995
Nineteen granular cell tumors (GCT) of adults, two congenital granular cell epulides and five epulides fibrosae were immunohistochemically examined to detect the expression of 75 kDa nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR), trk gene product, phosphotyrosine (PT), protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) and S-100 protein. The NGFR-immunoreactivity (IR) and trk gene ...
Shetty V P - - 1995
Various mechanisms for nerve damage in tuberculoid leprosy have been proposed. A common feature amongst them is the crucial role played by T-cells. Therefore, the present study was designed to determine the role of T-cells in the induction of nerve damage in leprosy using two different protocols for obtaining graded ...
Wuytack F - - 1995
Of all the SERCA pumps, SERCA3 was the latest to be described and the least well known. Its primary structure deviates more than usual from the other members of the SERCA family. It is not known whether its remarkably low affinity for Ca2+ (K0.5 > 1 microM) observed upon expression ...
Wolpert L - - 1995
The problem of the nature of life has a long history going back to the Greeks. There was little real progress until the 19th century and Aristotle may have been at home with many 18th century ideas about vital forces and basic units. Although Hooke described cells in 1665 it ...
Dong Z - - 1995
We show that beta forms of Neu differentiation factor (NDF), homologous to acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity, glial growth factor, and heregulin, prevent apoptotic death and stimulate DNA synthesis of the E14 Schwann cell precursor, an early cell in the rat Schwann cell lineage. When precursors are exposed to NDF in defined ...
Devon R - - 1995
Ensheathing cells reside within both the PNS and CNS portions of the primary olfactory pathway and provide a glial covering and support for the unmyelinated olfactory axons. In vivo, these ensheathing cells express a mixture of astrocyte-specific and Schwann cell-specific phenotypic features. When grown in vitro in the presence of ...
Ng M C - - 1995
The calcium-binding protein calbindin-D28k (CaBP) has been localized in high concentration in several neuronal populations within the CNS and is believed to act as an intracellular calcium buffer. There has been much interest and speculation concerning its potential neuroprotective function. A radioimmunocytochemistry (RIC) technique for the cellular quantitation of protein ...
Kim H A - - 1995
Schwann cells are thought to be abnormal in type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1) and to contribute to the formation of benign and malignant tumors in this disease. To test the role of the NF1 gene product neurofibromin as a Ras-GTPase activating protein in Schwann cells, and to study the effect of ...
Sakai M - - 1995
We examined by immunohistochemistry the effect of salt loading on the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), and GTP cyclohydrolase I (GCH) in Purkinje cells of the mouse cerebellum. In control mice, only a few Purkinje cells were positive for TH or AADC. No Purkinje cells ...
Schorey J S - - 1995
Mycobacterium leprae, the causative agent of leprosy, is an obligate intracellular pathogen. M. leprae can infect a variety of cells in vivo, including epithelial cells, muscle cells, and Schwann cells, in addition to macrophages. The ligand-receptor interactions important in the attachment and ingestion of M. leprae by these nonmacrophage cells ...
Badache A - - 1995
The proliferation of Schwann cells (the myelinating cells of the peripheral nervous system) is stimulated by the contact with axonal membranes. It is suggested that the endogenous carbohydrate-binding protein (lectin) cerebellar soluble lectin (CSL) bound to ligands at the surface of axonal preparations is mitogenic for Schwann cells. Both autocrine ...
Smeyne R J - - 1995
Cerebellar Purkinje cells were ablated by the specific expression of diphtheria toxin in these cells in transgenic mice. Purkinje cell degeneration during early postnatal development shows a zonally restricted pattern which has been exploited in order to look for local secondary effects. The most obvious early effect is the alignment ...
Sagot Y - - 1995
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has recently generated great interest due to its potential as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of human neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Because the systemic half-life of CNTF is only in the order of a few minutes, continuous delivery of this trophic ...
Yamada H - - 1995
Forskolin and cAMP analogues (8-bromo cAMP and dibutyryl cAMP) induced proliferation or surface galC expression, depending on the concentrations, in rat and mouse Schwann cells in vitro. However, rat Schwann cells required much higher concentrations of these agents than mouse Schwann cells in both proliferation and surface galC expression. The ...
Cheng L - - 1995
Schwann cells in culture divide in response to defined mitogens such as PDGF and glial growth factor (GGF), but proliferation is greatly enhanced if agents such as forskolin, which increases Schwann cell intracellular cAMP, are added at the same time as PDGF or GGF (Davis, J. B., and P. Stroobant. ...
Guénard V - - 1995
Mechanisms regulating Schwann cell proliferation during development are unclear. Schwann cell division is known to be driven by an unidentified mitogen present on the surface of axons, but it is not known whether other molecules play a role in regulating this proliferation. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) which is found in ...
Wylie D R - - 1995
Parasagittal zones in the vestibulocerebellum contain Purkinje cells whose complex spike (CS) activity is modulated in response to rotational optokinetic stimulation (OKS) about either the vertical axis (VA) or a horizontal axis (HA) that is approximately perpendicular to the ipsilateral anterior canal. In rabbits, there are two VA zones in ...
Norman D J - - 1995
In the neurologically mutant mouse strain lurcher (Lc), heterozygous animals display cell autonomous degeneration of cerebellar Purkinje cells beginning in the second postnatal week. During the course of our studies to identify the genetic lesion responsible for this disease (Norman et al., 1991), we have formulated an hypothesis suggesting that ...
Einheber S - - 1995
We have investigated the potential regulatory role of TGF-beta in the interactions of neurons and Schwann cells using an in vitro myelinating system. Purified populations of neurons and Schwann cells, grown alone or in coculture, secrete readily detectable levels of the three mammalian isoforms of TGF-beta; in each case, virtually ...
Johansen F F - - 1995
We have previously described a method for detection of mRNAs expressed in single cells after patch-clamp recordings. The method, termed single cell RT-PCR, involves aspiration of the cell content, a reverse transcription (RT) step, and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using specific primers. Since the nucleus is frequently harvested together ...
Filogamo G - - 1995
A review of the birth locus and the first developmental stages of cardiomyocytes and Purkinje cells in the chick embryo is presented in the light of recent experimental results. Experiments done in vitro have shown that the stage of 2 somites is an important morphogenetic phase, characterized by mutual identification, ...
Morrissey T K - - 1995
The ability of sensory axons to stimulate Schwann cell proliferation by contact was established in the 1970s. Although the mitogen responsible for this proliferation has been localized to the axon surface and biochemically characterized, it has yet to be identified. Recently a family of proteins known as heregulins (HRGs) has ...
Nissinen M J - - 1995
We studied the appearance and distribution of histamine (HA) during mouse embryogenesis, neonatal period, and adulthood using a specific rabbit HA antiserum and indirect immunofluorescence. HA first appeared on the Embryonic Day 13 (E13) in scattered mast cells in the gastrointestinal (GI) muscularis externa and liver. The splenic primordium contained ...
Guénard V - - 1995
Mechanisms regulating Schwann cell differentiation into a myelinating or a mature nonmyelinating phenotype during development are poorly understood. Humoral factors such as members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family, which are found in the developing and adult mammalian nervous system and are known to affect cell differentiation, could be ...
Yoshiki T - - 1995
We immortalized rat T cells with helper-inducer phenotype, by HTLV-I superinfection. These immortalized cells had integrated human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-I provirus genomes and showed nuclear polymorphism resembling adult T-cell leukemia cells. Among HTLV-I carrier rats of several strains, only WKAH strain rats developed a chronic progressive myeloneuropathy with spastic ...
Yuan W - - 1995
Superior mesenteric ganglia of six fetuses (35-40 weeks old) were investigated by histochemical fluorescent method. In addition to solitary SIF cells and clusters of SIF cells reported previously, a new structure of SIF cells was found and named "SIF-cell nodule". The SIF-cell nodule was composed of a large number of ...
Anton E S - - 1995
To identify molecules that regulate Schwann cell migration, we have generated a panel of monoclonal antibodies against Schwann cell surface antigens that modulate Schwann cell migration in in vitro bioassays. One of these antibodies, SMRA1, recognizes a 26 kDa Schwann cell surface membrane protein identified here as CD9. SMRA1 enhances ...
Chandross K J - - 1995
Following peripheral nerve injury, Schwann cells undergo a series of cellular alterations that are thought to assist the regenerative process. Some of these changes are stimulated by the local release of cytokines and mitogenic factors. To test the hypothesis that cytokine regulation of gap junctional communication between cells helps to ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >