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Adam Virginie - - 2012
AdΔΔ is an oncolytic adenoviral mutant that has been engineered to selectively target tumors with deregulated cell cycle and apoptosis pathways. AdΔΔ potentiates apoptotic cell death induced by drugs, including mitoxantrone and docetaxel, which are commonly used to treat prostate cancer. Here, we demonstrate that AdΔΔ can also interact synergistically ...
Sawmiller Darrell R - - 2012
Physiological or α-processing of amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) prevents the formation of Aβ, which is deposited in the aging brain and may contribute to Alzheimer's disease (AD). As such, drugs promoting this pathway could be useful for prevention of the disease. Along this line, we searched through a number of ...
Li Dongxiao - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether icariin, which a widely used pharmacological constituent in traditional Chinese herbal medicine, can be a potential promoting compound for cartilage tissue engineering. DESIGN: Icariin was added into cell-hydrogel constructs derived from neonatal rabbit chondrocytes and collagen type I. The chondrogenic gene expressions and the synthesis of ...
Mattoo Abid R AR Biotherapy Section, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, HHS, Bethesda, MD 20819, - - 2013
Synergistic killing was achieved when Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) cell lines were incubated with ABT-263 and an immunotoxin directed to the transferrin receptor. SCLC lines are variably sensitive to the BH-3 only peptide mimetic, ABT-263. To determine their sensitivity to toxin-based reagents, we incubated four representative SCLC lines with ...
Sayed Enas Taha - - 2012
It was revealed that the dry powder yeast extract (YE) has the ability to act as a biocatalyst as well as a mediator in a biofuel cell. The yeast extract, from Nihon Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., was used as a biocatalyst in an open air cathode biofuel cell containing phosphate buffer ...
Khan Andleeb - - 2012
Beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptides are considered to play a major role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and compounds that can prevent pathways of Aβ-induced neurotoxicity may be potential therapeutic agents for treatment of AD. This study examined the hypothesis that thymoquinone (TQ) would reduce oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction ...
Borlongan Cesar V CV Department of Neurosurgery and Brain Repair, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL 33612, USA. - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease (AD) causes brain degeneration, primarily depleting cholinergic cells, and leading to cognitive and learning dysfunction. Logically, to augment the cholinergic cell loss, a viable treatment for AD has been via drugs boosting brain acetylcholine production. However, this is not a curative measure. To this end, nerve growth factor ...
Esteras Noemí - - 2012
Cumulative evidence indicates that aberrant re-expression of many cell cycle-related proteins and inappropriate neuronal cell cycle control are critical events in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Evidence of cell cycle activation in post-mitotic neurons has also been observed in murine models of AD, despite the fact that most of these mice ...
Hu Bin - - 2012
Regulation and downstream effects of mitochondrial protein S-glutathionylation in response to oxidative stress are poorly understood. The study aim was to determine whether anti-oxidants such as catalase and estradiol alter mitochondrial protein S-glutathionylation and in turn affect apoptosis following ultraviolet B (UV-B) light irradiation. HeLa cells were transduced with increasing ...
Szegedi Krisztina - - 2012
Interleukin (IL)-31 has been associated with pruritus, a characteristic feature of atopic dermatitis (AD). Local T cell responses may be responsible for the increased level of IL-31 mRNA observed in AD. We investigated the frequency of IL-31-producing T cells in AD lesions, as well as their cytokine profile. T cells ...
Hwang Tsann-Long - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate whether magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP) and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) can protect keratinocytes against ultraviolet (UV)A irradiation by increasing the levels of glutathione (GSH). The cell survival fraction was 89.9% when the keratinocytes were irradiated with UVA at a dose of 4 J/cm2. ...
Luning Prak Eline T - - 2012
It is paradoxical that immunodeficiency disorders are associated with autoimmunity. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency, a cause of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), is a case in point. In this issue of the JCI, Sauer and colleagues investigate the B cell defects in ADA-deficient patients. They demonstrate that ADA patients receiving ...
Chien Hsiu-Wen - - 2012
Hydrogels provide three-dimensional (3D) frames with tissue-like elasticity and high water content for tissue scaffolds. They were commonly prepared from macromers such as poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) via free radical polymerization and used to encapsulate cells. Here, we report the direct encapsulation of cells into hydrogels using a low-toxic and ...
Xian Yan-Fang - - 2012
Beta-Amyloid peptide (Aβ), a major protein component of brain senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been considered as a critical cause in the pathogenesis of AD. Pinostrobin, a potent flavonoid inducer, is the major and most active ingredient of Folium cajani. The present study aimed to investigate whether pinostrobin ...
Saiz-Sanchez Daniel - - 2012
Impaired olfaction is an early symptom of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuroanatomical changes underlying this deficit in the olfactory system are largely unknown. Cell neurodegeneration is known to involve, among others, somatostatin (SST)- and calcium-binding protein-positive cells. We report here quantitative analysis of temporal changes in the distribution of interneuron cell ...
Ma Bo - - 2012
Colorectal cancer is a significant health problem, and the advanced stages of the disease have a low response rate to chemotherapy and easily acquire chemoresistance. HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) has been shown to possess inhibitory effects on various malignant cells in vivo and in vitro. In this study, an Ad-Vpr construct ...
Cossec Jack-Christophe - - 2012
Enlarged early endosomes have been observed in neurons and fibroblasts in Down syndrome (DS). These endosome abnormalities have been implicated in the early development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology in these subjects. Here, we show the presence of enlarged endosomes in blood mononuclear cells and lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from ...
Moura-da-Silva Ana M - - 2012
Jararhagin is a metalloproteinase isolated from Bothrops jararaca snake venom, which has been extensively studied. These studies showed its involvement on most of the systemic and local damaging effects of snakebite envenomings. In this review we comment on the major targets of jararhagin as the vascular endothelium, platelets and coagulation ...
Paulitsch-Fuchs A H - - 2012
When a high-voltage direct-current is applied to two beakers filled with water, a horizontal electrohydrodynamic (EHD) bridge forms between the two beakers. In this work we study the transport and behavior of bacterial cells added to an EHD bridge set-up. Organisms were added to one or to both beakers, and ...
Grabber John H - - 2012
Apoplastic targeting of secondary metabolites compatible with monolignol polymerization may provide new avenues for designing lignins that are less inhibitory toward fiber fermentation. To identify suitable monolignol substitutes, we artificially lignified primary maize cell walls with normal monolignols plus various epicatechin, quercetin glycoside, and gallate derivatives added as 0 or ...
Casadesús Gemma - - 2012
Senescence-accelerated mice 8 (SAMP8), a model of aging, display many established pathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, whether cell cycle alterations exist in these animals remains unknown. Given that these animals present changes such as tau phosphorylation and redox imbalance, both associated with cell cycle alterations, we determined whether ...
Suematsu Takatoshi - - 2012
The behavior of adventitious bacteria during an acidulocomposting process was quantitatively analyzed in garbage-free trials. The numbers of the added Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas putida cells diminished in a first-order manner with t(1/2) values of 0.45d and 0.79d, respectively, consistent with the observed stability of the acidulocomposting function.
Kim Hye Jung - - 2012
Amyloid β-protein (Aβ) deposits in brains of Alzheimer's disease patients generate proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines that recruit microglial cells to phagocytose Aβ. Nucleotides released from apoptotic cells activate P2Y(2) receptors (P2Y(2) Rs) in macrophages to promote clearance of dead cells. In this study, we investigated the role of P2Y(2) Rs ...
Dafnis I I National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos, Institute of Biology, Agia Paraskevi, Athens 15310, - - 2012
Apolipoprotein (apo) E4 isoform, a major risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD), is more susceptible to proteolysis than apoE2 and apoE3 isoforms. ApoE4 fragments have been found in AD patients' brain. In the present study, we examined the effect of full-length apoE4 and apoE4 fragments apoE4[Δ(186-299)] and apoE4[Δ(166-299)] on inflammation ...
Gebinoga Michael - - 2012
Experiments based on neuronal cell-transistor couplings were made from some groups during the last years. Pioneering work in this field was carried out by Fromherz and his group (Fromherz, 2003; Schmidtner and Fromherz, 2006). We were interested of the interaction of nerve cells to serine hydrolase inhibitor diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP), monitored ...
Skindersoe Mette E - - 2012
We present here a novel probe, VitaBright-48, for the evaluation of the cellular level of reduced thiols. Using different cell lines and apoptogenic agents we show that a decrease in the level of reduced thiols correlates with well-known apoptotic markers such as phosphatidylserine translocation and caspase activity. The cell population ...
Zahn Raphael - - 2012
Polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs), formed by alternating layer-by-layer deposition of polyanions and polycations, are an ideal substrate for controlling cellular adhesion and behavior. In the present study we propose a simple mechanism for the controlled detachment of C(2)C(12) myoblasts cell sheets from PEMs consisting of poly(l-lysine) and hyaluronic acid with a ...
Lenin Babu M - - 2012
Graphite flakes at levels of 5%, 15%, 20% and 40% (weight per sediment volume) were added to lake bed sediment and electrogenesis in a sediment-type fuel cell was evaluated. Addition of graphite flakes by 20% to the sediment showed higher electrogenic activity of the fuel cell (578mV; 0.37mW) compared to ...
Lye H S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ultrasound on the intestinal adherence ability, cell growth, and cholesterol removal ability of parent cells and subsequent passages of Lactobacillus fermentum FTDC 1311. Ultrasound significantly decreased the intestinal adherence ability of treated parent cells compared to that of the ...
Yadav Prem Swaroop - - 2012
BMP signaling pathway is critical for vertebrate development and tissue homeostasis. High-throughput molecular genetic screening may reveal novel players regulating BMP signaling response while chemical genetic screening of BMP signaling modifiers may have clinical significance. It is therefore important to generate a cell-based tool to execute such screens. We have ...
Chen Jianmin - - 2012
Glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid in the human blood stream and is 'conditionally essential' to cells. Its intracellular levels are regulated both by the uptake of extracellular glutamine via specific transport systems and by its intracellular synthesis by glutamine synthetase (GS). Adding to the regulatory complexity, when ...
Kil Whoon Jong - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is among the most lethal of all human tumors, with frequent local recurrences after radiation therapy (RT). The mechanism accounting for such a recurrence pattern is unclear. It has classically been attributed to local recurrence of treatment-resistant cells. However, accumulating evidence suggests that additional mechanisms exist that ...
Liu Xin-Li - - 2012
The management of patients with glioblastoma multiforme is difficult. Poor results have led to a search for novel therapeutic approaches. Gene therapy that could be both anti-invasive and antiangiogenic would be ideal. In this study, we constructed the recombinant adenoviral vector Ad-CALR/MAGE-A3 and evaluated its antitumor effects on glioblastoma in ...
Korhonen Juha T - - 2011
A gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium, Chlamydia pneumoniae, is a common respiratory pathogen. Here, we examined the invasion and attachment of C. pneumoniae K6 into nonphagocytic HL epithelial cell line by manipulating host plasma membranes by using cholesterol-depleting methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MβCD) and cholesterol-loading MβCD complexed cholesterol (chol-MβCD). The invasion was attenuated by MβCD-treatment ...
Coley L W - - 2011
The differentiation potential of adult stem cells (ASC) has long been considered limited to the cell types present in the organ or tissue from which they are derived. Several studies have challenged this notion by demonstrating that ASC exhibit a high degree of plasticity; therefore, it is likely that these ...
Bionaz M - - 2011
We have previously demonstrated that adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) enhance healing of craniofacial bone in vivo. The use of scaffolds in large bone defects can further enhance the healing capacity of ASC. In addition, the presence of fully differentiated cells might affect ASC migration/proliferation into scaffolds. In this study, we ...
Wang Jianjie - - 2012
Objectives  Human lactoferrin, an 80 kDa iron-binding glycoprotein, has antitumour effects. We have explored the potential therapeutic role of re-expressing human lactoferrin gene product in human breast cancer. Methods  A recombinant adenovirus expressing the human lactoferrin cDNA (ad-hLTF) was constructed and used to infect breast cancer cells. Key findings  Seventy-two hours ...
Wang Minjiang - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Raw and processed Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR) are used in the prevention and treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hyperlipidemia or related diseases. However, few researches compared the activities of raw and processed PMR on lipid metabolism regulation. Moreover, the active substances of Polygonum multiflorum are still ...
Imjeti Naga Salaija - - 2011
Sorting of glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol--anchored proteins (GPI-APs) in polarized epithelial cells is not fully understood. Oligomerization in the Golgi complex has emerged as the crucial event driving apical segregation of GPI-APs in two different kind of epithelial cells, Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) and Fisher rat thyroid (FRT) cells, but whether the mechanism ...
Gu Xiao - - 2011
This study was designed to investigate whether a non-protein nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) resembling high-density lipoprotein (HDL) could deliver a hydrophobic anti-atherogenic drug, lovastatin, to foam cells. Lovastatin-loaded NLC (LT-NLC) was prepared by a nanoprecipitation/solvent diffusion method. The LT-NLC-apoprotein (LT-NLC-apo) was prepared by incubating LT-NLC with native HDL. The physicochemical ...
Wasko Brian M - - 2011
Statins and nitrogenous bisphosphonates (NBP) inhibit 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme-A reductase (HMGCR) and farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FDPS), respectively, leading to depletion of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) and disruption of protein prenylation. Squalene synthase (SQS) utilizes FPP in the first committed step from the mevalonate pathway toward cholesterol biosynthesis. Herein, we have identified novel bisphosphonates ...
Lee Waisin - - 2011
Although the relationship between hypercholesterolemia and oxidative stress has been extensively investigated, direct evidence regarding to the roles of cholesterol accumulation in the generations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptotic cell death under oxidative stress is lack. In this study, we investigated productions of superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) and nitric ...
Consonni Alessandro - - 2011
In a previous paper, the biological activity of a 216-amino acid recombinant truncated form of the soybean 7S globulin α' subunit, known to control cholesterol and triglyceride homeostasis, was described. In this work, a shorter version of the polypeptide chain, spanning 142 amino acid residues from the N-terminus and thus ...
Lin Chia-Der - - 2011
Campylobacter jejuni is a common cause of pediatric diarrhea worldwide. Cytolethal distending toxin, produced by Campylobacter jejuni, is a putative virulence factor that induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in eukaryotic cells. Cellular cholesterol, a major component of lipid rafts, has a pivotal role in regulating signaling transduction and protein ...
Poehlmann Angela - - 2011
Besides the well-understood DNA damage response via establishment of G(2) checkpoint arrest, novel studies focus on the recovery from arrest by checkpoint override to monitor cell cycle re-entry. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Chk1 in the recovery from G(2) checkpoint arrest in HCT116 (human ...
Schwend Tyler T Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago , IL, - - 2011
Niemann-Pick disease, type C (NP-C), often associated with Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1) mutations, is a cholesterol-storage disorder characterized by cellular lipid accumulation, neurodegeneration, and reduced steroid production. To study NPC1 function in vivo, we cloned zebrafish npc1 and analyzed its gene expression and activity by reducing Npc1 protein with ...
Izumi Taisuke - - 2010
Viral infectivity factor, an accessory protein encoded in the HIV-1 genome, induces G2 cell cycle arrest; however, the biological significance and mechanism(s) remain totally unclear. Here we demonstrate that the TP53 pathway is involved in Vif-mediated G2 cell cycle arrest. Vif enhances the stability and transcriptional activity of TP53 by ...
Wu Ning - - 2010
DNA topoisomerase I (Top1) is an essential nuclear enzyme and a validated target for anticancer agent screening. In a previous study, we found that indolizinoquinoline-5,12-dione derivatives show significant biological activity against several human cancer cell lines. To understand their mechanism of inhibition of cancer cell growth, one indolizinoquinoline-5,12-dione derivative, CY13II, ...
Wirt Stacey E SE Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Medical School, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2010
The ability of progenitor cells to exit the cell cycle is essential for proper embryonic development and homeostasis, but the mechanisms governing cell cycle exit are still not fully understood. Here, we tested the requirement for the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein and its family members p107 and p130 in G0/G1 arrest ...
Dalman A - - 2010
Cell cycle stage and synchronization of donor cells are important factors influencing the success of somatic cell nuclear transfer. This study examined whether serum starvation has any effect on specific cell death. We also studied the effects of serum starvation, culture to confluence, and full confluency (confluent + 72 h) on cell cycle ...
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