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Results 301 - 350 of 1770
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Chen Guokai - - 2004
The cell cycle status of developing Dictyostelium cells remains unresolved because previous studies have led to conflicting interpretations. We propose a new model of cell cycle events during development. We observe mitosis of about 50% of the cells between 12 and 18 hours of development. Cellular DNA content profiles obtained ...
Walmod P S - - 2004
To study cell motility in different phases of the cell cycle, time-lapse recording by computer-assisted microscopy of unsynchronised cells from three mammalian cell lines (L929, BT4Cn, HeLa) was used for the determination of the displacements of individual cells. The displacements were used for calculation of three key parameters describing cell ...
Saracino Francesca - - 2004
Sda1 is an essential protein required for cell cycle progression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here, we show that the sda1-1 mutation causes a defect in the formation and nuclear export of 60S ribosomal subunits. Moreover, the sda1-1, but also other mutants defective in ribosome biogenesis (e.g., rix1-1 and tif6Delta), exhibit a ...
Tu Lan Chun - - 2004
Long-term exposure (72 h) to hedamycin, a monofunctional DNA alkylator of the pluramycin class of antitumor antibiotics, decreased growth of mammalian cells by 50% at subnanomolar concentrations. Short-term treatment (4 h) rapidly reduced DNA synthesis by 50% also at subnanomolar concentrations, but substantially higher levels were needed to block RNA ...
Reis Tânia - - 2004
Many types of cells compensate for induced alterations in the length of one cell cycle phase (G1, S, or G2) by altering the lengths of the other phases. Here we show that, when cells in Drosophila wing discs are delayed in G1, they maintain normal division rates by accelerating passage ...
Culligan Kevin - - 2004
Ataxia telangiectasia-mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) plays a central role in cell-cycle regulation, transmitting DNA damage signals to downstream effectors of cell-cycle progression. In animals, ATR is an essential gene. Here, we find that Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) atr-/- mutants were viable, fertile, and phenotypically wild-type in the absence of exogenous DNA ...
Siaussat D - - 2004
We have investigated the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the control of insect cell cycle by 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) using the IAL-PID2 cell line established from imaginal wing discs of Plodia interpunctella. We first defined conditions for use of hydroxyurea, a reversible inhibitor of DNA synthesis, in order to synchronize ...
Westmoreland Tammy J - - 2004
To identify new nonessential genes that affect genome integrity, we completed a screening for diploid mutant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that are sensitive to ionizing radiation (IR) and found 62 new genes that confer resistance. Along with those previously reported (Bennett et al., Nat. Genet. 29:426-434, 2001), these genes bring to ...
Kawabe Takumi - - 2004
Many conventional anticancer treatments kill cells irrespective of whether they are normal or cancerous, so patients suffer from adverse side effects due to the loss of healthy cells. Anticancer insights derived from cell cycle research has given birth to the idea of cell cycle G2 checkpoint abrogation as a cancer ...
Zeng Huawei - - 2004
Previous studies have demonstrated that copper (15.7 micromol/L) can inhibit selenite (12.6 micromol/L)-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in HT-29 cells. However, the exact nature of the interactions between selenium and copper is not fully understood. In this study, the effect of copper on the cell cycle arrest induced by selenite or ...
Hullemann E - - 2004
The regulation of cell cycle progression in normal mammalian cells is dependent on the presence of growth factors. In their absence, non-transformed cells will stop dividing and enter the quiescent state (G0). We show here that in Chinese hamster ovary cells, at least two serum-dependent points exist during G1 that ...
Dutcher Janice P - - 2004
Current efforts in anticancer drug development are targeting key factors in cell-cycle regulation. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is one such protein kinase that facilitates cell growth by stimulating the cell to traverse the G1 to S phase of the cell cycle. Rapamycin is the first defined inhibitor of mTOR, ...
Ouadid-Ahidouch Halima - - 2004
We have previously reported that the hEAG K(+) channels are responsible for the potential membrane hyperpolarization that induces human breast cancer cell progression into the G1 phase of the cell cycle. In the present study, we evaluate the role and functional expression of the intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel, hIK1-like, in ...
Cattaruzza Sabrina - - 2004
To dissect the role of the globular domains of PGM/versican--a large hyaluronan binding proteoglycan (PG) enriched in tumor lesions--we have stably transduced a human leiomyosarcoma cell line with either the G1 or G3 domain of the PG and subsequently assayed the effect of this manipulation on several cellular processes in ...
Levine-Fridman Aviva - - 2004
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transcription factor is increasingly recognized as functioning in cell cycle control. Several recent reports have shown that AhR activity in the absence of exogenous agonists or presence of the prototypical ligand 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin can affect G1 phase progression in cultured cells. Serum release of serum-starved (G0) ...
Jamison James M - - 2004
Exponentially growing cultures of human bladder tumor cells (T24) were treated with Vitamin C (VC) alone, Vitamin K(3) (VK(3)) alone, or with a VC:VK(3) combination for 1, 2, or 4hr. Flow cytometry of T24 cells exposed to the vitamins for 1h revealed a growth arrested population and a population undergoing ...
Nojima Hiroshi - - 2004
Mitogen-dependent progression through the first gap phase (G1) of the mammalian cell-division cycle is precisely regulated so that normal cell division is coordinated with cell growth, while the initiation of DNA synthesis (S phase) is precisely ordered to prevent inappropriate amplification of the DNA that may cause genome instability. To ...
Bottiroli Giovanni - - 2004
In the present study, microspectrofluorometry and digital imaging procedures were used to investigate by fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) analysis the changes of chromatin organization during the transition from G0 quiescent stat to G1 phase. G0 transition is a key event in cell cycle progress depending on the activation of ...
Taylor William R - - 2004
The G2 checkpoint blocks cells from entering mitosis when DNA is damaged, and helps to protect the integrity of the genome. Tumor cells contain mutations that can inactivate checkpoints, and the inactivation of the G2 checkpoint can induce genomic instability and alter cellular responses to chemotherapeutic agents that damage DNA. ...
Memili Erdogan - - 2004
A number of studies have reported that donor cells consisting of serum starved cells, which are assumed to be at quiescence (G0), or non-starved confluent cells or mitotic cells obtained by shake-off, both of which are assumed to be at G1 phase, give better results in nuclear transfer (NT) than ...
Wang Weiqun - - 2004
Apigenin has been previously shown to induce G2/M cell-cycle arrest in human colon cancer cell lines. The present study assessed the individual and interactive influence of seven apigenin analogs on cell cycle, cell number, and cell viability in human SW480 and Caco-2 colonic carcinoma cells. Cellular concentration of selected apigenin ...
Stark George R - - 2004
The G2 checkpoint prevents cells from entering mitosis when DNA is damaged, providing an opportunity for repair and stopping the proliferation of damaged cells. Because the G2 checkpoint helps to maintain genomic stability, it is an important focus in understanding the molecular causes of cancer. Many different methods have been ...
Wang Hongyin - - 2004
The G1 cyclin Cln3 is a key activator of cell-cycle entry in budding yeast. Here we show that Whi3, a negative G1 regulator of Cln3, interacts in vivo with the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdc28 and regulates its localization in the cell. Efficient interaction with Cdc28 depends on an N-terminal domain of ...
Calegari Federico - - 2003
The G1 phase of the cell cycle of neuroepithelial cells, the progenitors of all neurons of the mammalian central nervous system, has been known to lengthen concomitantly with the onset and progression of neurogenesis. We have investigated whether lengthening of the G1 phase of the neuroepithelial cell cycle is a ...
Detjen Katharina M - - 2003
Therapeutic options to inhibit growth of human NETs of the GEP system are limited. Since NSAIDs might provide an antiproliferative treatment alternative with acceptable toxicity, we examined the effects of different NSAIDs on growth and survival in a representative set of human GEP NET cell lines. Growth and apoptosis were ...
Gardner Lawrence B - - 2003
Little is known about cell cycle regulation in hypoxic cells, despite its significance. We utilized an experimentally tractable model to study the proliferative responses of rat fibroblasts when rendered hypoxic (0.5% oxygen) or anoxic (<0.01% oxygen). Hypoxic cells underwent G1 arrest, whereas anoxic cells also demonstrated S-phase arrest due to ...
Sakoff Jennette A - - 2004
PURPOSE: The serine/threonine protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A) are key enzymes in regulating entry into the cell cycle, mitosis and apoptosis. Inhibition of PP1 and PP2A is associated with enhanced S-phase entry culminating in G(2)/M arrest and apoptotic cell death. Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a key regulatory enzyme ...
Shon Hee-Kyoung - - 2003
A process termed activation-induced cell death (AICD) is responsible for peripheral T cell tolerance after negative selection of self-reactive T cells, and deletion of hyperactivated T cells following the immune response. Cells in G1 phase of the cell cycle are most susceptible to AICD. We have investigated the relationship between ...
Delia Domenico - - 2003
The ATM-dependent accumulation of p53 and induction of p21waf1 are key events for G1 cell-cycle checkpoint arrest following DNA damage. In ATM-null AT cells, even though the p53 and p21waf1 responses are kinetically delayed and quantitatively reduced, the G1 checkpoint is virtually disrupted, suggesting that these proteins arrive too late ...
Joerges Christoph - - 2003
Induction of interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) in chromosomal DNA is considered a major reason for the antiproliferative effect of psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA). It is unclear as to whether PUVA-induced cell cycle arrest is caused by ICLs mechanically stalling replication forks or by triggering cell cycle checkpoints. Cell cycle checkpoints ...
Laabs Tracy L - - 2003
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells reproduce by budding to yield a mother cell and a smaller daughter cell. Although both mother and daughter begin G1 simultaneously, the mother cell progresses through G1 more rapidly. Daughter cell G1 delay has long been thought to be due to a requirement for attaining a certain ...
Venkatesan Arun - - 2003
We have established stably transformed human embryonic kidney cell lines (HEK293) containing bicistronic constructs to study regulation of viral internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation in vivo. These cells produce Renilla luciferase (Rluc) in a cap-dependent manner, while Firefly luciferase (Luc) synthesis is mediated by IRES elements. Using these cell ...
Zeng Huawei - - 2003
Cancer is a disease in which the cell cycle is altered, and the elucidation of the mechanisms by which constituents of human fecal water influence the cell cycle can lead to noninvasive measurement of colon cancer risk. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of human ...
Li Yan - - 2003
Ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of cell cycle regulatory proteins are known to play a pivotal role in controlling the progression of the eukaryotic cell cycle. Using the technique of RNA interference (RNAi) on the bloodstream form of Trypanosoma brucei, we were able to knock down expression of each of the ...
Dangi Surabhi - - 2003
Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) proteins are important regulators of cell survival and proliferation. PI3K-dependent signalling regulates cell proliferation by promoting G1- to S-phase progression during the cell cycle. However, a definitive role for PI3K at other times during the cell cycle is less clear. In these studies, we provide evidence that ...
Farooq Mohammad - - 2003
Glypican-3 (GPC3) encodes a cell-surface heparan-sulfate proteoglycan mutated in type 1 Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS1), an X-linked overgrowth syndrome. The phenotype of SGBS1 patients and of GPC3 knockout mice suggests that GPC3 plays a negative role in cell proliferation, and an apoptosis-inducing role in specific tissues. Ectopic expression of GPC3 in ...
Hori Tetsuya - - 2003
Nuf2 and Hec1 are evolutionarily conserved centromere proteins. To clarify the functions of these proteins in vertebrate cells, we characterized them in chicken DT40 cells. We generated GFP fusion constructs of Nuf2 and Hec1 to examine in detail the localization of these proteins during the cell cycle. We found that ...
Wang Xiang - - 2003
Induction of checkpoint responses in G1, S, and G2 phases of the cell cycle after exposure of cells to ionizing radiation (IR) is essential for maintaining genomic integrity. Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) plays a key role in initiating this response in all three phases of the cell cycle. However, cells ...
Naryzhny Stanislav N - - 2003
The proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is an essential component for eukaryotic chromosomal DNA replication and repair. PCNA forms a homotrimer ring, which may function as a DNA sliding clamp for DNA polymerases and, possibly, a docking station for other replication- and repair-related proteins. Several reports have suggested the existence ...
Cooper S - - 2003
An analysis of different classes of forced or batch synchronization methods reveals why these methods, in theory, do not produce synchronized cultures. Cells may be aligned for a particular property after specific treatments, but these aligned cells do not correspond to any particular cell age during the normal cell cycle. ...
Wang Hong P - - 2003
Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PhGPx) is an antioxidant enzyme that reduces cellular phospholipid hydroperoxides (PLOOHs) to alcohols. Cellular peroxide tone has been implicated in cell growth and differentiation. By reducing the PLOOH level in the cell membrane, PhGPx regulates the peroxide tone and thereby might be involved in cell growth. ...
Yoder Tennessee J - - 2003
During spindle pole body (SPB) duplication, the new SPB is assembled at a distinct site adjacent to the old SPB. Using quantitative fluorescence methods, we studied the assembly and dynamics of the core structural SPB component Spc110p. The SPB core exhibits both exchange and growth in a cell cycle-dependent manner. ...
Feeney G P - - 2003
The anticancer agent topotecan is considered to be S-phase specific. This implies that cancer cells that are not actively replicating DNA could resist the effects of the drug. The cycle specificity of topotecan action was investigated in MCF-7 cells, using time-lapse microscopy to link the initial cell cycle position during ...
Kubota Yumiko - - 2003
Under certain conditions, the cell cycle can be arrested for a long period of time. Vertebrate oocytes are arrested at G(2) phase, while somatic cells arrest at G(0) phase. In both cells, nuclei have lost the ability to initiate DNA synthesis. In a pair of recently published papers,[1,2] Méchali and ...
Laconde G - - 2003
Cell cycle control in the G1 phase has attracted considerable attention in recent cancer research, because many of the important proteins involved in G1 progression or G1/S transition have been found to play a crucial role in proliferation, differentiation, transformation, and programmed cell death (apoptosis). E7070 is a novel antitumor ...
Pillarsetty Nagavarakishore - - 2003
A novel hydrophilic gold compound, tetrakis((trishydroxymethyl)phosphine)gold(I) chloride 1, has been investigated for its antitumor properties. In vitro studies demonstrate that 1 is active against HCT-15, AGS, PC-3, and LNCaP tumor cells. Cell cycle analysis of the HCT-15 cells by flow cytometry revealed elongation of the G1 phase of the cell ...
Yamasaki Fumiyuki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms involved in the cell cycle and cell death remain unresolved despite much investigation. Staurosporine induces cell death and G1 or G2/M arrest in a dose-dependent manner, but the mechanisms remain unknown. METHODS: In the present study an adenovirus vector expressing p16 or p21 genes in human glioma ...
Al-Feel Walid - - 2003
To elucidate the essential functions of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC1FAS3) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a temperature-sensitive mutant (acc1(ts)) was constructed. When the acc1(ts) cells were synchronized in G(1) phase with alpha-factor at the permissive temperature of 24 degrees C and then released from the blockade and incubated at the restrictive temperature of ...
Margolis Robert L - - 2003
Checkpoints suppress improper cell cycle progression to ensure that cells maintain the integrity of their genome. During mitosis, a metaphase checkpoint requires the integration of all chromosomes into a metaphase array in the mitotic spindle prior to mitotic exit. Still, mitotic errors occur in mammalian cells with a relatively high ...
Cooper Stephen - - 2003
The restriction point in the G1 phase of the mammalian cell cycle is the oldest, best-known, and widely accepted control point regulating division cycle in mammalian cells. Origins of the restriction point and its subsequent history are reanalyzed here. The initial proposal of the restriction point has an alternative explanation, ...
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