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Sobel S G - - 1997
Cell duplication is characteristic of life. The coordination of cell growth with cell duplication and, specifically, the ordered steps necessary for this process are termed the cell cycle. Central to this process is the faithful replication and segregation of the chromosomes. The cycle consists of four phases: G1, where the ...
Wilcken N R - - 1997
Both retinoids and anti-estrogens inhibit breast cancer cell proliferation with accumulation of cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle, but the effect of retinoids is delayed compared to that of anti-estrogens. To determine whether this temporal difference is due to a simple delay in the action of retinoids ...
O'Brien E - - 1997
The teratogenic mechanism(s) of valproate (VPA) have been suggested to arise through inhibition of proliferation coupled with differentiation at a mid-G1 phase restriction point in the cell cycle. As protein kinase C (PKC) plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation and differentiation, the effect of inhibitors specific for the catalytic ...
Qin X Q - - 1997
Expression of two types of transactivation-defective E2F1 mutants in human Rb-/- tumor cells led to an increase in the proportion of cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle as determined by FACS analysis. Experiments revealed two different mechanisms of action. One mutant type induced a G1 arrest after ...
O'Brien, Evelyn
The teratogenic mechanism(s) of valproate (VPA) have been suggested to arise through inhibition of proliferation coupled with differentiation at a mid-G1 phase restriction point in the cell cycle. As protein kinase C (PKC) plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation and differentiation, the effect of inhibitors specific for the catalytic ...
Renault E - - 1997
Copper deficiency imposed on a variant rat hepatoma cell line inhibits cell growth and results in genesis of stable well-differentiated, tumorigenic revertants. The treatment caused a substantial increase in DNA content (up to 20%) of G1 and G2/M cells and inhibition of cell proliferation. This phenomenon was correlated with an ...
Antoccia A - - 1997
The relationship between chromosomal breakage and perturbations of cell cycle progression was investigated in lymphoblastoid cell lines established from a healthy donor, two subjects affected by Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome (NBS) and an ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) patient. The cytogenetic analysis revealed a similar chromosomal hypersensitivity in both NBS and AT cells exposed ...
Takamatsu H H - - 1997
Three monoclonal antibodies (mAb; SC-6, SC-12, and SC-29) reactive with the gammadelta T cell-restricted antigen WC1 were obtained immunizing mice with an ovine interleukin (IL)-2-dependent gammadelta T cell line. These mAb strongly inhibited DNA synthesis in IL-2-dependent gammadelta T cell lines with cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase, but did ...
Descampiaux B - - 1997
Lindane and paraquat induce biochemical changes in the liver. In order to specify their molecular impact at the cellular level, a 300 MHz 1H NMR investigation of hepatoma cell lines Hep 3B and Hep G2 responses was performed. Cells were exposed over 24 h to 50 mg/L lindane (0.178 mM) ...
Wahl G M - - 1997
TP53 serves as a key relay for signals elicited by cellular stresses arising from diverse environmental or therapeutic insults. This relay then activates a cell cycle arrest or cell death program, depending on the stimulus and cell type. The absence of TP53 function disables the cell death or arrest programmes, ...
Osada H - - 1997
We have established a bioassay system using a mouse cdc2 mutant cell line, tsFT210, to detect inhibitors of the mammalian cell cycle. When cultured at the high temperature, restrictive temperature at 39.4 degrees C, tsFT210 cells can be arrested at G2 phase and are large in size. Four hours after ...
Jackowski S - - 1997
The formation of cell membrane following CSF-1 stimulation of a macrophage cell line is coordinated with cell cycle progression. The majority of membrane phospholipid accumulates during the S phase and results from cell-cycle dependent oscillations in the rates of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis and degradation. Both synthesis and degradation are enhanced during ...
Glasel J A - - 1997
We have previously described a delta-opioid receptor-expressing cultured cell line that proliferates in a defined medium and responds to chronic morphine treatment with an inhibition of its rate of proliferation. To help provide an explanation for this behavior, we have used computer simulation of cell cycle kinetics to analyze the ...
Tonkinson J L - - 1997
PURPOSE: Cell cycle-related events in CCRF-CEM lymphocytic leukemia cells were examined subsequent to inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS) or GAR formyltransferase (GARFT) and prior to cell death or stasis. METHODS: Cell populations were treated with the GARFT inhibitors 6R-5, 10-dideazatetrahydrofolate (Lometrexol) or LY309887, the TS inhibitor ZD1694, or the multitargeted ...
Skog S - - 1997
Cell cycle transition defects of homozygous ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) cells were studied by using a cell cycle flow calculation method, which evaluates the dynamics of cell cycle traverse. We compared five human lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from A-T homozygotes belonging to complementation group A (ARO, BRO, RJO) and group C (CSA, ...
Wu C L - - 1997
Thymic hormones have immunomodulatory effects on T cells and hence have been used clinically to restore the immunity of immunodeficient patients as well as to enhance the cellular immunity of cancer patients. Prothymosin alpha, which is a member of the thymic hormone family, has recently been suggested to act as ...
Sveiczer A - - 1996
An analysis was made of cell length and cycle time in time-lapse films of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe using wild-type (WT) cells and those of various mutants. The more important conclusions about 'size controls' are: (1) there is a marker in G2 in WT cells provided by a rate ...
Qin L X - - 1996
We have previously reported the isolation of a cDNA encoding a mitotic cyclin, NTCYC1, from a tobacco cell suspension library. Here we describe the expression patterns of NTCYC1 and of Ntsuc1, a suc 1 plant homologue, in synchronized tobacco cell suspensions. Furthermore, the expression pattern of this cyclin is compared ...
Xu B - - 1996
Our previous studies have shown that a voltage-gated K+ channel is highly expressed in proliferating human myeloblastic ML-1 cells and is suppressed in the early stages of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced ML-1 cell differentiation. In the present study, we report that inhibition of the K+ channel activity by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) suppressed ML-1 cell ...
Lu M - - 1996
Human cytomegalovirus inhibits the growth of human foreskin fibroblast cells by 12 h after infection. Analysis of the cellular DNA content of infected cells by flow cytometry demonstrated that cytomegalovirus does not arrest cell cycle progression at a single point. At least two blockages occur, one of which is in ...
Smith E J - - 1996
Previous studies have demonstrated cell cycle-dependent specificities in the interactions of E2F proteins with Rb family members. We now show that the formation of an E2F-p130 complex is unique to cells in a quiescent, G0 state. The E2F-p130 complex does not reform when cells reenter a proliferative state and cycle ...
Galloway D A - - 1996
Human cancer are characterized by the failure of cell cycle checkpoints resulting in genetic instability. Human papillomaviruses contribute to the development of anogenital malignancies because the E6 and R7 oncoproteins from high risk HPV types are able to disrupt the integrity of these checkpoints. HPV 16 E7 prevents suprabasal cells ...
Vogt A - - 1996
In order to assess the relative contributions of farnesylated and/or geranylgeranylated proteins on cell cycle progression from G1 to S phase we designed potent and selective farnesyltransferase (FTI-277) and geranylgeranyltransferase-I (GGTI-298) inhibitors. Flow cytometry studies showed that treatment of NIH3T3 cells with GGTI-298 or lovastatin, which inhibits both protein farnesylation ...
Salone B - - 1996
Experiments were carried out with human lymphocytes to test whether there was any relation between the changes that conditioning treatment can produce in cell progression or in mitotic delay induced by the challenge dose and the presence of an 'adaptive response' (AR). In experiments in which the cells were successively ...
Trielli M O - - 1996
Taxol (paclitaxel) induces a microtubule hyperassembled state, and effectively blocks cells in mitosis. Here we report that Taxol also induces a stable late-G1 block in nontransformed REF-52 and WI-38 mammalian fibroblast cells, but not in T antigen-transformed cells of the same parental lineage. G1 arrest is characterized by partially dephosphorylated ...
Armelin H A - - 1996
Y-1 adrenal cells were cell cycle arrested by serum starvation to characterize a G0-->G1-->S transition in these cells. Cycle arrested Y-1 cells start to enter S phase 8h after serum feeding, reaching more than 90% cells synthesizing DNA by 24h. ACTH displays a dual effect in the G0-->G1-->S transition: 2h ...
Warenius H M - - 1996
We have previously noted that high endogenous expression of the protein product of the full-length RAF1 proto-oncogene is related to relative intrinsic cellular radiosensitivity in 19 human cells lines in vitro. This appeared to be unrelated to the parameters of cell kinetics. In rodent and human cell lines transfected with ...
Thomas H C - - 1996
In the monocrotaline (MCT) rat model of pulmonary hypertension, the pulmonary vascular endothelium is thought to be the early target of the bifunctionally reactive metabolite monocrotaline pyrrole (MCTP). In previous studies, bovine pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (BPAEC) exposed to MCTP exhibited inhibition of proliferation. Since other compounds that crosslink DNA ...
Müller W U - - 1996
One-cell mouse embryos were exposed to either 3H-thymidine (100 or 200 kBq/ml) or 3H-arginine (2.5 to 50 kBq/ml) for 2 h either in G1, S or G2 phase. 3H-Arginine affected embryonic development and cell proliferation in an activity-dependent way irrespective of the cell cycle stage exposed, whereas 3H-thymidine was effective ...
Shimizu E - - 1996
The retinoblastoma gene product (RB protein) plays a key role in the progression of the cell cycle from G1 to S phase in normal and neoplastic cells. The activity of RB is regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation with cell-cycle-dependent protein kinases. We investigated the effect of the protein kinase inhibitors, ...
Ramos R A - - 1996
By genetic correlation with the growth-suppressible phenotype and direct functional tests, we demonstrate that the glucocorticoid-stimulated expression of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBP alpha) transcription factor is required for the steroid-mediated G1 cell cycle arrest of minimal-deviation rat hepatoma cells. Comparison of C/EBP alpha transcript and active protein levels induced ...
Goldwasser F - - 1996
Previous cell line comparisons indicated that neither S-phase fraction nor topoisomerase I (top1) levels are sufficient to predict camptothecin (CPT) cytotoxicity (F. Goldwasser el al., Cancer Res., 55: 2116-2121, 1995.). To identify new determinants for CPT activity, two mutant p53 human colon cancer cell lines, SW620 and KM12, that were ...
Ward A C - - 1996
The myeloid cell line, NFS-60, is dependent on granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or interleukin-3 (IL-3) for survival and growth. Long-term G-CSF-dependent proliferation was found to be completely inhibited by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), cyclic AMP, and dimethylamiloride and partially inhibited by IFN-alpha and lipopolysaccharide. With the exception of IFN-gamma, these agents exhibited ...
Knehr M - - 1996
Centromere proteins are localized within the centromere-kinetochore complex, which can be proven by means of immunofluorescence microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy. In consequence, their putative functions seem to be related exclusively to mitosis, namely to the interaction of the chromosomal kinetochores with spindle microtubules. However, electron microscopy using immune sera enriched ...
Mutomba M C - - 1996
The effects of aphidicolin (APH) and hydroxyurea (HU) on the cell cycle and differentiation of Trypanosoma brucei bloodstream forms were studied. APH (0.1 microgram ml-1) inhibited cell division, but did not inhibit DNA synthesis. Most of the cells were arrested in the G2 phase of the cell cycle, with each ...
Sit K H - - 1996
Very little is known about the modulation of vanadium accumulation in cells, although this ultratrace element has long been seen as an essential nutrient in lower life forms, but not necessarily in humans where factors modulating cellular uptake of vanadium seem unclear. Using nuclear microscopy, which is capable of the ...
Luo W - - 1996
The proteoglycan, aggrecan has a globular domain, G1, at the N terminus and a different globular domain, G3, at the C terminus. Aggrecan produced by mutant nanomelic chickens is truncated due to a premature stop codon and consequently lacks G3 and a minor portion of its chondroitin sulfate domain (Li, ...
Prasad A S - - 1996
Although zinc is known to be involved in cell proliferation and DNA synthesis, the mechanism by which zinc may regulate these processes is not understood. We have studied the role of zinc on cell proliferation and gene expression of a DNA synthesizing enzyme, deoxythymidine kinase (TK), in a T helper ...
Carethers J M - - 1996
The phenomenon of alkylation tolerance has been observed in cells that are deficient in some component of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system. An alkylation-induced cell cycle arrest had been reported previously in one MMR-proficient cell line, whereas a MMR-defective clone derived from this line escapes from this arrest. We ...
Wu C L - - 1996
Unregulated expression of the transcription factor E2F promotes the G1-to-S phase transition in cultured mammalian cells. However, there has been no direct evidence for an E2F requirement in this process. To demonstrate that E2F is obligatory for cell cycle progression, we attempted to inactivate E2F by overexpressing dominant-negative forms of ...
Wilsman N J - - 1996
Regulation of postnatal growth of long bones occurs in multiple levels of chondrocytic activity, including stem cell proliferation, proliferative zone cycling, and regulation of changes in chondrocytic shape during hypertrophy. The differentiation sequence of chondrocytes is the same in all growth plates, but rates of elongation at a single point ...
Sanders S L - - 1996
A and alpha cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae exhibit an axial budding pattern, whereas a/alpha diploid cells exhibit a bipolar pattern. Mutations in BUD3, BUD4, and AXL1 cause a and alpha cells to exhibit the bipolar pattern, indicating that these genes are necessary to specify the axial budding pattern ...
Wang Y - - 1996
Wild type (wt) p53 expressed from a temperature-sensitive construct (ts p53) can induce both G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in the p53-negative J3D mouse T lymphoma line (Wang et al, 1995). The human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 E7 protein has been shown to prevent p53-induced G1 cell cycle arrest following ...
Radvanyi L G - - 1996
Shortly after primary activation and IL-2-induced entry into cell cycle, splenic or lymph node T cells can be induced to undergo apoptosis by recrosslinking of the TCR complex using anti-TCR antibodies. We demonstrate here that primary-activated T cells induced to undergo apoptosis by TCR recrosslinking during the G1 phase of ...
Gander J C - - 1996
The colon adenocarcinoma cell line WiDr expresses the calcium-binding protein calretinin (CR). In order to deduce possible functions of calretinin in these cells we decreased its concentration by antisense techniques. Treatment of WiDr cells with phosphorothioate antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs) led to a drop in calretinin expression, as evidenced by immunohistochemical ...
Piatti S - - 1996
In eukaryotic cells, DNA replication is confined to a discrete period of the cell cycle and does not usually recur until after anaphase. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, assembly of pre-replication complexes (pre-RCs) at future origins as cells exit mitosis (or later during G1 is necessary for subsequent initiation ...
Su S S - - 1996
Fission yeast cells either remain in the mitotic cell cycle or exit to meiotic sporulation from an uncommitted G1 state dependent on the presence or absence of nitrogen source in the medium (Nurse and Bissett, 1981). We examined how heterothallic haploid cells, which cannot sporulate, behave under nitrogen-starvation for longer ...
Li H - - 1996
A well differentiated human hepatoma cell line (Hep G2) was used to explore potential roles for PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) as an autocrine/paracrine growth factor. Using Northern analysis or reverse transcription-PCR, Hep G2 cells were found to express messenger RNAs for both PTHrP and the cloned PTH/PTHrP receptor, and the cells ...
Creanor J - - 1996
The levels of the B cyclin p56cdc13 and the phosphatase p80cdc25 have been followed in selection-synchronised cultures of Schizosaccharomyces pombe wild-type and wee1 mutant cells. p56cdc13 has also been followed in induction-synchronised cells of the mutant cdc2-33. The main conclusions are: (1) cdc13 levels in wild-type cells start to rise ...
Watabe S - - 1996
Bistheonellide A, an inhibitor of actin polymerization from the marine sponge Theonella sp., was introduced at a concentration of 100 nM into rat fibroblast of 2.4 x 10(4) cells/ml. Within 1 h, it disrupted stress fibers, accompanied by a marked change of the cell morphology, resulting in the formation of ...
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