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Results 551 - 600 of 1777
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Beck E P - - 1998
The antigenic determinant CA 125 is a high molecular weight glycoprotein which is elevated in more than 80% of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Despite its good performance as a human tumor marker, only little is known about its physiological function. According to recent publications, CA 125 production and release ...
Koritzinsky M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To investigate whether radiation survival of cells irradiated aerobically in the oxygen-sensitive restriction point in late G1 is dependent on where in the cell cycle the cells first were rendered hypoxic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human cervix carcinoma, NHIK 3025 cells, were synchronized and rendered hypoxic while in early-, mid- ...
Nishi K - - 1998
The staurosporine-induced G1 cell cycle arrest was analyzed in a variety of cell lines which includes human tumor cell lines and oncogene-transformed NIH3T3 cell lines. All the cell lines which were sensitive to staurosporine-induced G1 arrest contained a functional retinoblastoma protein (pRB). However, when pRB-lacking fibroblast cells derived from pRB ...
Thomas N S - - 1998
We have determined how the phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma family (pRb, p107, and p130) is governed in individual cell cycle phases of Daudi B-cells during cell cycle exit triggered by alpha-interferon (alpha-IFN). alpha-IFN causes dephosphorylation of pRb and loss of p130 phosphorylated Form 3. However, the change in p130 phosphorylation ...
Ragione F D - - 1998
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a naturally occurring phytoalexin, found in grapes and wine, which has been reported to exert a variety of important pharmacological effects. We have investigated the activity of resveratrol on proliferation and differentiation of the promyelocitic cell line HL-60. A concentration as low as 30 microM causes a ...
Franchitto A - - 1998
It is well established that DNA lesions trigger cell cycle check-points causing a mitotic delay that is required for their repair before cells enter the mitotic phase. Caffeine, in some cases, can remove this delay and consequently potentiates the yield of induced chromosome aberrations. The objective of this study was ...
Halloran P J - - 1998
The mechanisms by which cytotoxic agents perturb the normal cell biology and cell cycle progression of cancer cells were explored using B16F10 cells genetically modified to express the Herpes Simplex Virus-thymidine kinase gene. Culture in the presence of the nucleoside analogue ganciclovir induced a profound morphological change that required entry ...
Wang S - - 1998
The mechanism of the G0/G1 arrest and inhibition of proliferation by quinidine, a potassium channel blocker, was investigated in a tissue culture cell line, MCF-7, derived from a human breast carcinoma. The earliest measurable effect of quinidine on the cell cycle was a decrease in the fraction of cells in ...
Chase D - - 1998
Fnk is a member of the polo family of cell-cycle-regulated serine/threonine kinases. We report here that it is present in serum-starved quiescent cells and that mitogenic stimulation of quiescent cells with calf serum results in the modification of a significant fraction of the Fnk pool. This modification results in a ...
Uzbekov R - - 1998
We have determined the length of the cell cycle and its different phases in a permanent Xenopus tadpole cell line, XL2. Following BrdU labeling, the total length of the cell cycle was estimated as 28 h. The different phases of the cell cycle, G1, S, G2, and M were, respectively, ...
Kaern M - - 1998
The autonomous cell divisions during the early development of Xenopus laevis believed to comprise a universal cell cycle engine. Recent experimental data indicates that the Cdk2-cyclin E kinase is required for the rapid divisions during Xenopus embryogenesis and that the complex is crucial for the transition into mitosis. In the ...
Hama S - - 1998
This study examined the effects of full-length p16 gene transfer by recombinant adenovirus on cell growth and on sensitivity to CDDP or ACNU chemotherapies. We developed a recombinant adenovirus expressing the full-length human p16 gene (AxCA-hp16) by the COS-TPC method. AxCA-hp16 was infected into the p16-null human glioma cell line, ...
Hayashi M - - 1998
Limitation of nutrients allows yeast cells to arrest proliferation at G1 phase of the cell cycle and to enter the so-called stationary phase. We show here another pathway for cytostasis, which is associated with extracellular accumulation of bicarbonate and the resulting alkalisation of medium during the proliferation of cells respiring ...
Thomas H C - - 1998
Monocrotaline pyrrole (MCTP), a metabolite of the pyrrolizidine alkaloid monocrotaline, is thought to initiate damage to pulmonary endothelial cells resulting in delayed but progressive pulmonary interstitial edema, vascular wall remodeling, and increasing pulmonary hypertension. MCTP was previously shown to inhibit pulmonary endothelial cell proliferation and cause cell-cycle arrest in vitro. ...
Flatt P M - - 1998
The incidence of DNA mutation and subsequent risk of transformation in different cell types may depend on cell type-specific variation in position and duration of cell cycle arrest after exposure to DNA-damaging agents. To determine whether cell type-specific checkpoints occur, normal human epidermal keratinocytes (HKs) and human dermal fibroblasts (HFs), ...
Knasmüller S - - 1998
The human hepatoma line (Hep G2) has retained the activities of various phase I and phase II enzymes which play a crucial role in the activation/detoxification of genotoxic procarcinogens and reflect the metabolism of such compounds in vivo better than experimental models with metabolically incompetent cells and exogenous activation mixtures. ...
De Leon M - - 1998
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes secrete a pore-forming cytolysin, perforin, that damages membranes of target cells. They also ligate Fas receptors on target cells and provoke apoptotic death. A20 (B lymphoma) and P815 (mastocytoma) cell lines were examined for their susceptibility to perforin-mediated lysis and to Fas-induced apoptosis after blockade of the ...
Yen A - - 1998
The RB tumor suppressor protein is a cell cycle regulator, where hypophosphorylated RB is associated with G1/0 arrest and its cyclin-dependent phosphorylation in G1 allows progression from G1 to S. The present report shows that in human leukemia cells induced to undergo growth arrest with sodium butyrate or DMSO, hypophosphorylation ...
Santini V - - 1998
The rapid degradation and subsequent lack of efficacy of n-butyric acid in vivo has been improved by the synthesis of monosaccharide stable pro-drugs of butyric acid. We studied the effects of D1 (O-n-butanoyl-2,3-O-isopropylidene-alpha-D-mannofuranoside), G1 (1-O-n-butanoyl-D,L-xylitol), and F1 (1-O-n-butanoyl 2,3-O-isopropylidene-D,L-xylitol) on the maturation and proliferation of AML cell lines HL 60 ...
Kobayashi T - - 1998
In this report, we applied the isoleucine-deprivation method to normal human keratinocytes in cultivation with serum-free MCDB153 medium. The growing cells were synchronized by transfer to MCDB153 medium prepared without isoleucine, and the degree of synchronization was analyzed by the cell cycle distribution and phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRB), one ...
Mangiarotti R - - 1998
Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) is a cytoplasmatic enzyme catalyzing the reduction of all four ribonucleotides to their corresponding deoxyribonucleotides. Its activity strongly correlates to the rate of DNA synthesis. By using a specific monoclonal antibody against the large M1 subunit of RR, we assessed the expression of M1-RR versus DNA content ...
Abdurashidova G - - 1998
We followed the variations of protein-DNA interactions occurring in vivo over the early firing replication origin located near the human lamin B2 gene, in IMR-90 cells synchronized in different moments of the cell cycle. In G0 phase cells no protection is present; as the cells progress in G1 phase an ...
Sugaya K - - 1998
A mutation in the RNA polymerase II largest subunit (RpII LS) that is related to abnormal induction of sister chromatid exchange has previously been described the CHO-K1 cell mutant tsTM4. To elucidate the molecular basis of this effect we introduced the mutation into the homologous site in the Schizosaccharomyces pombe ...
Gurley L R - - 1998
The proliferation of suspension cultures of malignant CHO cells was inhibited by 0.5 mM Br-cAMP treatment and restored by its removal. This treatment also inhibited histone H1 phosphorylation completely, reduced histones H2A and H4 phosphorylations, induced DNA degradation, and produced cells containing micronuclei. Agarose gel electrophoresis of the degraded DNA ...
Lappin P B - - 1998
Monocrotaline pyrrole (MCTP) causes pulmonary vascular endothelial cell (EC) injury followed by progressive pulmonary vascular leak in vivo and the inhibition of EC proliferation in vitro. It was hypothesized that MCTP inhibits cell proliferation in vitro by interfering with cell cycle progression in a cycle phase-specific manner. Furthermore, it was ...
Nagasawa H - - 1998
It is well known that normal human diploid fibroblasts undergo a significant, p53-dependent arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle after exposure to ionizing radiation. The presence and magnitude of a G1 arrest in human tumor cell lines, however, has been controversial, particularly in cells derived from solid ...
Flattery-O'Brien J A - - 1998
This study shows differences at the level of cell cycle arrest between the response of yeast cells to hydrogen peroxide and superoxide stress. These include both cell cycle phases at which arrest occurs and the involvement of the RAD9 checkpoint gene. Wild-type and rad9 cells were treated with hydrogen peroxide ...
Hemmerlin A - - 1998
Mevinolin, an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, was used to study the importance of mevalonic acid (MVA) for cell cycle progression of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) BY-2 cells. After treatment with 5 microM mevinolin, the cell cycle progression was completely blocked and two cell populations accumulated (80% in phase G0/G1 and ...
Sekharam M - - 1998
The antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) has been increasingly used as an experimental tool to assess involvement of reactive oxygen species in cell signaling and is being evaluated as a preventive and therapeutic agent for cancer and pulmonary diseases related to inflammation and oxidative stress. However, a detailed characterization of the effect ...
Sohn J - - 1998
Panax ginseng roots have long been used as a medicinal herb in oriental countries. We have investigated anti-proliferative effects of lipid soluble Panax ginseng components on human renal cancer cell lines. Petroleum ether extract of Panax ginseng roots (GX-PE) or its partially purified preparation (7:3 GX) was added to cultures ...
Rethinaswamy A - - 1998
Casein kinase II (CKII) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains two distinct catalytic subunits, alpha and alpha', that are encoded by the CKA1 and -2 genes, respectively. We have constructed conditional alleles of the CKA1 gene. In contrast to cka1 cka2(ts) strains, which exhibit a defect in both G1 and G2/M cell ...
Murata T - - 1998
Irradiation, dose-dependently, increases the percentage of cells in the G2 + M phase and the duration of cell cycle arrest, reflected by changes in cell kinetics in the first 48 h. Cells in the G2 + M phase are considered radiosensitive but little is known about their proliferative ability. We ...
Banker D E - - 1998
Cell cycle checkpoints establish the timing and strength of arrest, repair and apoptosis responses to damaging treatments. We designed flow cytometric assays to measure cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples treated in vitro with relevant therapeutic agents so as to functionally characterize checkpoints in these ...
Amellem O - - 1998
We have studied the role of the oxygen-dependent pyrimidine metabolism in the regulation of cell cycle progression under moderate hypoxia in human cell lines containing functional (T-47D) or non-functional (NHIK 3025, SAOS-2) retinoblastoma gene product (pRB). Under aerobic conditions, pRB exerts its growth-regulatory effects during early G1 phase of the ...
Bolognani Fantin A M - - 1998
The changes in the expression of glycoconjugates and adhesion molecules were studied by selective lectin binding and immunocytochemical reactions in a human embryonic epithelial cell line (EUE cells), synchronized in the cell phases. The results can be summarized as follows: most of the tested lectins display a more diffuse binding ...
Davis T W - - 1998
A role for the Mut L homologue-1 (MLH1) protein, a necessary component of DNA mismatch repair (MMR), in G2-M cell cycle checkpoint arrest after 6-thioguanine (6-TG) exposure was suggested previously. A potential role for MLH1 in G1 arrest and/or G1-S transition after damage was, however, not discounted. We report that ...
Casagrande F - - 1998
We have investigated the effect of the flavonoid derivative LY 294002, a potent and selective phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor, on cell cycle progression in human choroidal melanoma cells. We demonstrate that LY 294002 induces a specific G1 block in asynchronously growing cells leading to an almost complete inhibition of cell proliferation ...
Kovarik P - - 1998
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells a number of genes are required for progression through, or else to pass beyond, the G1 phase. We characterized a novel gene, RPG1, which is also involved in this phase. RPG1 is an essential gene encoding a 110-kDa evolutionarily conserved protein. Elutriated or alpha-factor-synchronized cells of ...
van der Kooij A - - 1998
Trochoblasts are the first cells to differentiate during the development of spiralian embryos. Differentiation is accompanied by a cell division arrest. In embryos of the limpet Patella vulgata, the participation of cell cycle-regulating factors in trochoblast arrest was analysed as a first step to unravel its cause. We determined the ...
Murata T - - 1998
The cell cycle was analyzed using double staining with an anti-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) monoclonal antibody and propidium iodide (PI). Changes in cell kinetics after irradiation were compared with those seen by the conventional PI-based DNA histogram method. The effect of irradiation on cell kinetics has been studied primarily by counting G2-arrested ...
Ito M - - 1998
To isolate cDNAs expressed at a specific phase of the cell cycle in a higher plant, we performed differential screening of a cDNA library prepared from the S-phase cells of synchronized cultures of Catharanthus roseus. Sequence analysis shows that two of the identified cDNAs, cyc15 and cyc17, encode extensins that ...
Cooper S - - 1998
Synchronization of mammalian cells by starvation-refeeding or by inhibition-release are among the most commonly used techniques for division cycle analysis. An alternative analysis--in the form of a Gedanken or thought experiment--is presented, casting doubt on the utility of this synchronization method. Arresting cell growth produces a culture where all cells ...
Anderson H J - - 1998
We have developed a procedure using flow cytometric measurement of a mitosis-specific antigen that may be used to count mitotic cells and sort them from non-mitotic cells. The procedure may also be used in conjunction with measurement of cellular DNA content and of bromodeoxyuridine incorporation into cellular DNA to assign ...
Moan J - - 1998
Human colon adenocarcinoma cells (WiDr) and Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts cells (V79) were incubated with different concentrations of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), and the production of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) was studied using several techniques. The amount of PpIX produced per cell increased with increasing ALA concentration according to different kinetics for ...
Matsumoto M - - 1998
The effect of high pressure on proliferation and cell cycle progression was examined using murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells. The MEL cells were exposed to high pressures (0.1-130 MPa) and then cultured for 5 days at atmospheric pressure. The proliferation of MEL cells was unaffected up to 60 MPa, but was ...
Roch A M - - 1998
We have previously shown that methional, derived from 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate, is a cellular mediator of apoptosis in BAF3 b0 murine lymphoid cells, which are dependent on IL3 for their growth in culture. When cells synchronized in S phase by double thymidine block were treated with methional immediately after thymidine withdrawal, methional ...
Maszewski J - - 1998
Previous results have demonstrated that extracts derived from maturing male sex organs of Chara tomentosa are capable of inducing profound structural and functional effects upon M-phase cells in the primary root meristems of Melandrium noctiflorum and Allium cepa. Evident changes produced by a putative factor engaged in morphogenesis of antheridial ...
Murata T - - 1998
Flow cytometry instantaneously determines the percentages of cells in various cell cycle phases to rapidly evaluate effects of irradiation and anti-cancer drugs. We studied these using growth curve analysis and 5-bromodeoxyuridine propidium iodine (BrdU)-(PI) double staining. With conventional DNA histogram methods, determination of S phase fraction was difficult because of ...
Zhang C C - - 1998
PURPOSE: We studied the effects of purine depletion on the cell cycle using a specific inhibitor of de novo purine biosynthesis, AG2034, an inhibitor of glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT). METHODS: Cytotoxicity was determined by clonogenic assays, and cell cycle perturbations by flow cytometry. Ribonucleotide pools were measured by anion exchange ...
Mutomba M C - - 1997
Proteasomes are one of the cellular complexes controlling protein degradation from archaebacteria to mammalian cells. We recently purified and characterized the catalytic core of the proteasome, the 20S form, from Trypanosoma brucei, a flagellated protozoa which causes African trypanosomiasis. To identify the role of proteasomes in African trypanosomes, we used ...
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