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Pelicano Helene H Department of Molecular Pathology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, - - 2009
Although mitochondrial dysfunction and reactive oxygen species (ROS) stress have long been observed in cancer cells, their role in promoting malignant cell behavior remains unclear. Here, we show that perturbation of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in breast cancer cells leads to a generation of subclones of cells with increased ROS, ...
Paris Irmgard - - 2009
Parkinsonism is one of the major neurological symptoms in Wilson disease, and young workers who worked in the copper smelting industry also developed Parkinsonism. We have reported the specific neurotoxic action of copper dopamine complex in neurons with dopamine uptake. Copper dopamine complex (100 microm) induces cell death in RCSN-3 ...
Campanella Michelangelo M Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, UK. - - 2009
The protein IF1 limits mitochondrial ATP consumption when mitochondrial respiration is impaired by inhibiting the 'reverse' activity of the F(1)F(o)-ATPsynthase. We have found that IF1 also increases F(1)F(o)-ATPsynthase activity in respiring mitochondria, promoting its dimerization and increasing the density of mitochondrial cristae. We also noted that IF1 overexpression was associated ...
Aon M A MA Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, 720 Rutland Ave., 1059 Ross Bldg., Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2009
The reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent mitochondrial oscillator described in cardiac cells exhibits at least two modes of function under physiological conditions or in response to metabolic and oxidative stress. Both modes depend upon network behavior of mitochondria. Under physiological conditions cardiac mitochondria behave as a network of coupled oscillators with ...
Seguí-Simarro José M - - 2009
Plant mitochondria are typically portrayed as being small, oval organelles. However, a recent study has demonstrated that the chondriome of shoot apical meristem (SAM) cells of Arabidopsis thaliana is unique in having two types of mitochondria, a large, central, tentaculate mitochondrion and variable numbers of small, oval mitochondria in the ...
Prabhakaran Krishnan - - 2009
The central nervous system (CNS) appears to be the critical target of manganese (Mn), and neurotoxicity has been the focus of most of the health effects of manganese. In brain, the mechanism underlying the Mn-induced cell death is not clear. We have previously demonstrated that NFkappabeta induction and the activation ...
Mi Na - - 2009
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a potential cancer therapy based on the synergistic interactions of ultrasound and certain chemical compounds (sono-sensitizers). It has become evident that the direct sonochemical and subsequent redox reactions induced by SDT treatment can lead to apoptotic cell death. However, the detailed mechanisms are not well understood. ...
Kim Doo Eung - - 2009
Defects in mitochondrial function participate in the induction of neuronal cell injury. In neurodegenerative conditions, oxidative products of cholesterol are elevated and oxysterols seem to be implicated in neuronal cell death. The present work was designed to study the inhibitory effect of licorice compounds glycyrrhizin and 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid against the ...
Kulkarni Rohan - - 2009
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is an important contributor to the ATP-generating oxidative phosphorylation complex. Single nucleotide mutations in mitochondrial genes involved in ATP synthesis result in a broad range of diseases. Leber optic atrophy and Leigh's syndrome are two such diseases arising from point mutations in the mitochondrial genome. Here, ionizing ...
Sierra-Campos E - - 2009
The effects of octyl gallate on Ustilago maydis yeast cells were analysed in relation to its capacity to oxidize compounds (pro-oxidant actions). All phenolic compounds tested inhibited the alternative oxidase (AOX). However, only octyl gallate induced a morphological change in yeast cells and collapsed the mitochondrial membrane potential. In contrast ...
Wiederkehr Andreas - - 2009
Nutrient secretagogues activate mitochondria of the pancreatic beta-cell through the provision of substrate, hyperpolarisation of the inner mitochondrial membrane and mitochondrial calcium rises. We report that mitochondrial matrix pH, a parameter not previously studied in the beta-cell, also exerts an important control function in mitochondrial metabolism. During nutrient stimulation matrix ...
Govindarajan Rajgopal - - 2009
Human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-3 (hENT3) was recently reported as a pH-dependent, intracellular (lysosomal) transporter capable of transporting anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) dideoxynucleosides (ddNs). Because most anti-HIV ddNs (e.g., zidovudine, AZT) exhibit clinical mitochondrial toxicity, we investigated whether hENT3 facilitates transport of anti-HIV ddNs into the mitochondria. Cellular fractionation and immunofluorescence ...
Zhao Wenping - - 2009
Aspirin is chemopreventive against colon and probably other cancers, but this effect is relatively weak and its chronic administration to humans is associated with significant side effects. Because of these limitations, extensive effort has been exerted to improve the pharmacological properties of aspirin. We have determined the anticancer activity and ...
Panickar Kiran S - - 2009
Astrocyte swelling is an integral component of cytotoxic brain edema in ischemic injury. While mechanisms underlying astrocyte swelling are likely multifactorial, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are hypothesized to contribute to such swelling. We investigated the protective effects of cinnamon polyphenol extract (CPE) that has anti-oxidant and insulin-potentiating effects on ...
Toorn, Marco van der
In this thesis we studied the effects of cigarette smoke (CS) on mitochondrial function and oxidative stress in epithelial cells and discussed the potential of these phenomena in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). In the first three chapters we demonstrated that CS disturbs mitochondrial function, increase reactive ...
Santandreu Francisca M - - 2009
Uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) and uncoupling protein-5 (UCP5) are ion carriers located in the inner mitochondrial membrane that mediate a regulated discharge of the proton gradient generated by the respiratory chain and are possibly involved in the protection against free radical production. Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of colon ...
Zhang Lingrui - - 2009
Heat shock transcription factor A2 (HsfA2) participates in multiple stress responses. To provide new insights into the role of HsfA2 in the heat stress (HS) response, in vivo production and localization of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial dynamics were investigated during the onset of cell death induced by an ...
Chang Yuh-Fang - - 2009
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Asia. This study evaluated the growth inhibition effect of quercetin and 2-methoxyestradiol in vitro in human HCC cell lines. Combination treatment enhanced the cytotoxic effect in HA22T/VGH and HepG2 cell lines as compared with quercetin or 2-methoxyestradiol alone. The ...
Li Qin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence has shown that menthol has potent anticancer activity in various human cancers via the transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8)-dependent pathway or in a TRPM8-independent manner. However, its effect on bladder cancer remains obscure. In the present investigation, we examined the expression of TRPM8 and the role ...
Seyedabadi M - - 2009
Tamoxifen causes a mitochondrial transmembrane potential dysfunction and ATP depletion, which may play a role in tamoxifen cytotoxicity. Administration of oligomycin-2 deoxy glucose (2DG) enhanced tamoxifen antiproliferative effects, which may be due to exacerbated ATP depletion following tamoxifen and oligomycin-2DG coadministration. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) did not significantly change tamoxifen responsiveness ...
Kvetny Jan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial function may be impaired in a number of diseases including metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and endocrine disorders. Therefore it is important to be able to measure mitochondrial function in human cells. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate a method to measure mitochondrial function in ...
Hamer Isabelle - - 2009
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) mutations that impair oxidative phosphorylation can contribute to carcinogenesis through the increased production of reactive oxygen species and through the release of proteins involved in cell motility and invasion. On the other hand, many human cancers are associated with both the up-regulation and the increased ...
Calmels Nadège - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological high-throughput screening (HTS) represents a powerful strategy for drug discovery in genetic diseases, particularly when the full spectrum of pathological dysfunctions remains unclear, such as in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA). FRDA, the most common recessive ataxia, results from a generalized deficiency of mitochondrial and cytosolic iron-sulfur cluster (ISC) proteins ...
He Yuan - - 2009
PURPOSE: Oxidative stress is a risk factor for the onset and progression of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), but the exact molecular basis remains unknown. Here, we investigated the mechanisms for Pro370Leu mutant myocilin to induce mitochondrial dysfunction and subsequent reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in trabecular meshwork (TM) cells obtained ...
Cheng Yuan - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease that threatens public health, and current therapies remain limited. This study investigated the protective effect of magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate (MGL), a novel compound, against free fatty acid (FFA)-induced lipotoxicity in a cellular model of steatosis. METHODS: HepG2 cells were incubated ...
Sandebring Anna - - 2009
PTEN-induced novel kinase 1 (PINK1) mutations are associated with autosomal recessive parkinsonism. Previous studies have shown that PINK1 influences both mitochondrial function and morphology although it is not clearly established which of these are primary events and which are secondary. Here, we describe a novel mechanism linking mitochondrial dysfunction and ...
Mineri Rossana - - 2009
Mitochondrial biogenesis is under the control of two different genetic systems: the nuclear genome (nDNA) and the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA). The mtDNA is a circular genome of 16.6 kb encoding 13 of the approximately 90 subunits that form the respiratory chain, the remaining ones being encoded by the nDNA. Eukaryotic ...
Martín Rubén - - 2009
Triterpene alcohols and acids are multifunctional compounds widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom that exhibit a variety of beneficial health properties, being synthetic analogs of oleanolic acid under clinical evaluation as anti-tumoral therapeutic agents. However, the antineoplastic activity of two natural occurring triterpenoid alcohols extracted from olive oil, erythrodiol (an ...
Zhang Ji J Department of Biochemistry, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, - - 2009
Mitochondria are the site of oxidative phosphorylation in animal cells and a primary target of reactive oxygen species-mediated damage. To prevent the accumulation of damaged mitochondria, mammalian cells have evolved strategies for their elimination. Autophagy is one means for the controlled elimination of mitochondria; however, although there has been considerable ...
Ogura Aki - - 2009
Mitochondria in mammalian cells are well-known to play an important role in the intrinsic pathway of genotoxic-agent-induced apoptosis by releasing cytochrome c into cytosol and to be a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of this study was to examine whether mitochondrial ROS are involved in radiation-induced ...
Takada Shunya - - 2009
Manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD2) serves as the primary defense against mitochondrial superoxide, and decreased SOD2 activity results in a range of pathologies. To investigate the events occurring soon after depletion of SOD2, we generated SOD2 gene knockout chicken DT40 cells complemented with a human SOD2 (hSOD2) cDNA, whose expression can ...
Han Young Su - - 2009
Treatment of depression may ameliorate the cognitive disability and motor slowness in Parkinson's disease. It has been shown that antidepressants, including fluoxetine, may attenuate or exacerbate neuronal cell death. The present study assessed the effect of antidepressants (amitriptyline, tranylcypromine and fluoxetine) against the toxicity of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) in relation to ...
Van Blerkom Jonathan - - 2009
The role of mitochondria as central determinants of development competence of oocytes and preimplantation stage embryos is considered in the context of the diverse activities these organelles have in normal cell function. Stage- and cell-cycle-specific mitochondrial translocations and redistributions are described with respect to mechanisms of cytoplasmic remodeling that may ...
Jeyaraju Danny V - - 2009
In the Fifties, electron microscopy studies on neuronal cells showed that mitochondria typically cluster at synaptic terminals, thereby introducing the concept that proper mitochondria trafficking and partitioning inside the cell could provide functional support to the execution of key physiological processes. Today, the notion that a central event in the ...
Ellis C E - - 2010
Intake of pavetamine, a novel polyamine, synthesized by certain rubiaceous plants, is the cause of gousiekte ("Quick disease") in ruminants. The disease is characterized by a latent period of 4-8 weeks, followed by heart failure. The aim of this study was to firstly investigate the cytotoxicity in H9c2(2-1) cells using ...
Matsukawa Kazushige - - 2009
Alternative oxidase (AOX) plays a pivotal role in cyanide-resistance respiration in the mitochondria of plants, fungi and some protists. Here we show that AOX from thermogenic skunk cabbage successfully conferred cyanide resistance to human cells. In galactose medium, HeLa cells with mitochondria-targeted AOX proteins were found to have significantly less ...
Singer Mervyn - - 2008
Cellular dysfunction is a commonplace sequelum of sepsis and other systemic inflammatory conditions. Impaired energy production (related to mitochondrial inhibition, damage, and reduced protein turnover) appears to be a core mechanism underlying the development of organ dysfunction. The reduction in energy availability appears to trigger a metabolic shutdown that impairs ...
Porcelli Anna Maria - - 2009
We have studied mitochondrial bioenergetics in HL180 cells (a cybrid line harboring the T14484C/ND6 and G14279A/ND6 mtDNA mutations of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy, leading to an approximately 50% decrease of ATP synthesis) and XTC.UC1 cells (derived from a thyroid oncocytoma bearing a disruptive frameshift mutation in MT-ND1, which impairs complex ...
Petrović V - - 2008
As a complex, cell-specific process that includes both division and clear functional differentiation of mitochondria, mitochondriogenesis is regulated by numerous endocrine and autocrine factors. In the present ultrastructural study, in vivo effects of L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO)-producing pathway on mitochondriogenesis in interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) were examined. For that purpose, ...
Soberanes Saul - - 2009
We have previously reported that airborne particulate matter air pollution (PM) activates the intrinsic apoptotic pathway in alveolar epithelial cells through a pathway that requires the mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of p53. We sought to examine the source of mitochondrial oxidant production and the ...
van Horssen Remco - - 2009
ATP is the "principal energy currency" in metabolism and the most versatile small molecular regulator of cellular activities. Although already much is known about the role of ATP in fundamental processes of living systems, data about its compartmentalization are rather scarce, and we still have only very limited understanding of ...
Chacko Alex D - - 2008
We have developed a versatile and rapid method for the quantitative estimation of cell death kinetics, following direct single-shot activation of the mitochondrial death pathway by a cell permeable BH3 activator peptide (D-R(8)BH3(BID)). This approach employs timelapse epifluorescent imaging of live cells and a machine- vision based feature extraction algorithm, ...
Tani Akio - - 2008
Rhodotorula glutinis IFO1125 was found to acquire increased aluminium (Al) resistance from 50 microM to more than 5 mM by repetitive culturing with stepwise increases in Al concentration at pH 4.0. To investigate the mechanism underlying this novel phenomenon, wild-type and Al-resistant cells were compared. Neither cell type accumulated the ...
Pucci Bruna - - 2008
Induction of cell death in HeLa cells with TNF and cycloheximide (CHX) required an adequate ATP supply and was accompanied by decrease in intracellular pH, translocation of Bax, perinuclear clustering of the mitochondria, and cytochrome c release. The chloride channel inhibitor furosemide prevented the intracellular acidification, the translocation of Bax ...
Cheah Yew Hoong - - 2008
Xanthorrhizol is a natural sesquiterpenoid compound isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma xanthorrhizza Roxb (Zingerberaceae). Recent studies of xanthorrhizol in cell cultures strongly support the role of xanthorrhizol as an antiproliferative agent. In our study, we tested the antiproliferative effect of xanthorrhizol using different breast cancer cell lines. The invasive ...
Tirosh Oren - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Mitochondrial dysfunction and hepatocyte cell death have been reported in fatty liver and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Our aim in this study was to evaluate whether direct exposure of hepatocytes to extracellular fat could facilitate such deleterious effects. METHODS: FaO hepatic cells treated with fat was used as an in vitro ...
Rolo Anabela P AP Center for Neurosciences and Cell Biology, Department of Zoology, University of Coimbra, 3004-517 Coimbra, - - 2009
The measurement of mitochondrial activity in living cells is usually not straightforward, even though it is quite important in physiological and pathophysiological processes. We describe a high-throughput method for measurement of mitochondrial oxygen consumption in living cells, based on the Becton-Dickinson Biosensor plates.
Park Kyu-Sang - - 2008
Mitochondria form filamentous networks that undergo continuous fission/fusion. In the pancreatic beta-cells, mitochondria are essential for the transduction of signals linking nutrient metabolism to insulin granule exocytosis. Here we have studied mitochondrial networks in the insulinoma cell line INS-1E, primary rat and human beta-cells. We have further investigated the impact ...
Khryapenkova T G - - 2008
Typical signs of cardiomyoblasts were determined: high mitochondrial membrane potential and high number of mitochondria in these cells compared to fibroblasts. These signs can be used for identification of these cells. Energy-dependent accumulation of highly specific mitochondrial fluorescent probes applied for visual detection of energized mitochondria allows clear-cut separation of ...
Zhong Zhisheng - - 2008
We previously reported that translocation of mitochondria from the oocyte cortex to the perinuclear area indicates positive developmental potential that was reduced in porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos compared to in vitro220.). The present study is focused on distribution of donor cell mitochondria in intraspecies (pig oocytes; pig ...
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