Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1698
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Luo Meng - - 2010
Cajanol (5-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl)-7-methoxychroman-4-one) is an isoflavanone from Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] roots. As the most effective phytoalexin in pigeonpea, the cytotoxic activity of cajanol towards cancer cells has not been report as yet. In the present study, the anticancer activity of cajanol towards MCF-7 human breast cancer cells was investigated. ...
Irrcher I - - 2010
Growing evidence highlights a role for mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress as underlying contributors to Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis. DJ-1 (PARK7) is a recently identified recessive familial PD gene. Its loss leads to increased susceptibility of neurons to oxidative stress and death. However, its mechanism of action is not fully ...
Wakamatsu Kairo - - 2010
Mitochondria in plant cells undergo fusion and fission frequently. Although the mechanisms and proteins of mitochondrial fusion are well known in yeast and mammalian cells, they remain poorly understood in plant cells. To clarify the physiological requirements for plant mitochondrial fusion, we investigated the fusion frequency of mitochondria in tobacco ...
Hocsak E - - 2010
We found that overexpression of tail interacting protein of 47 kDa (TIP47), but not its truncated form (t-TIP47) protected NIH3T3 cells from hydrogen-peroxide-induced cell death, prevented the hydrogen-peroxide-induced mitochondrial depolarization determined by 5,50,6,60-tetrachloro-1,10,3,30-tetraethyl-benzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide (JC1), while suppression of TIP47 in HeLa cells facilitated oxidative-stress-induced cell death. TIP47 was located to ...
Lo Mei-Chen - - 2010
Diabetes mellitus (DM), a state of chronic hyperglycemia, is associated with a variety of serious complications. Hyperglycemia-induced advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play an important role in the development of diabetic complications. In vivo, we demonstrated that disrupted mitochondria and autophagy was elevated in type II DM db/db mice. Mitophagy ...
Li Yang - - 2010
We examined whether betulin, a naturally abundant compound, has anticancer functions in human cancer cells. The results showed that betulin significantly inhibited cell viability in cervix carcinoma HeLa cells, hepatoma HepG2 cells, lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, and breast cancer MCF-7 cells with IC(50) values ranging from 10 to 15 microg/mL. ...
Holy Jon - - 2010
Development of mitochondrially-targeted drugs is receiving increasing attention because of the central roles these organelles play in energy production, reactive oxygen generation, and regulation of cell death pathways. Previous studies have demonstrated that both natural and synthetic triterpenoids can disrupt mitochondrial structure and function. In this study, we tested the ...
Wang Dan-Yang - - 2010
The mechanisms that regulate mitochondrial inheritance are not yet clear, even though it is 100 years since the first description of non-Mendelian genetics. Here, we quantified the copy numbers of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the gametic cells of angiosperm species. We demonstrate that each egg cell from Arabidopsis thaliana, Antirrhinum ...
Nassr Mohamed - - 2010
PURPOSE. To investigate the effectiveness of a novel isoquinoline derivative, EDL-155, in killing retinoblastoma in vitro and in vivo. METHODS. Dose-response curves were generated in which Y79 retinoblastoma cells tagged with luciferase (Y79-Luc) were treated with serial concentrations of EDL-155. Electron microscopy was used to evaluate the ultrastructural morphology of ...
Chen Victor T K - - 2010
The 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium ion (MPP(+)), an active metabolite of the neurotoxin, N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6 tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), induces death in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells, suggesting a cell model of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, most of the toxic mechanisms remain illusive. In this study, we have found that MPP(+) induced apoptotic cell death in PC12 ...
Cataldo Anne M - - 2010
Postmortem, genetic, brain imaging, and peripheral cell studies all support decreased mitochondrial activity as a factor in the manifestation of Bipolar Disorder (BD). Because abnormal mitochondrial morphology is often linked to altered energy metabolism, we investigated whether changes in mitochondrial structure were present in brain and peripheral cells of patients ...
Pietilä Mika - - 2010
Advanced therapies medicinal products (ATMPs) have introduced innovative cell-based products. However, the regulatory demands for characterization of ATMPs are currently unable to adequately address the safety of such products. As recent studies have emphasized the role of mitochondria in the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), we have ...
Borutaite Vilmante - - 2010
Mitochondria play an essential role in both cell health and death. Increasing experimental evidence suggests that mitochondria are involved in active control of cell death processes at several levels including (1) mitochondrial membrane permeabilization and release of proapoptotic proteins, (2) post-cytochrome c regulation of caspase activation, and (3) supply of ...
Agnati L F - - 2010
On the basis of not only the endosymbiotic theory of eukaryotic cell organization and evolution but also of observations of transcellular communication via Tunneling NanoTubes (TNTs), the hypothesis is put forward that when mitochondria, which were once independently living prokaryote-like organisms, are subjected to detrimental genetic, toxic, or environmental conditions, ...
Hocsak E - - 2010
We found that overexpression of tail interacting protein of 47kDa (TIP47), but not its truncated form (t-TIP47) protected NIH3T3 cells from hydrogen-peroxide-induced cell death, prevented the hydrogen-peroxide-induced mitochondrial depolarization determined by 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethyl-benzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide (JC1), while suppression of TIP47 in HeLa cells facilitated oxidative-stress-induced cell death. TIP47 was located to the ...
Zhang Wenbin - - 2010
Mitochondrial impairment is hypothesized to contribute to cell injury during cold stress. Mitochondria fission and fusion are closely related in the function of the mitochondria, but the precise mechanisms whereby these processes regulate cell injury during cold stress remain to be determined. HEK293 cells were cultured in a cold environment ...
Perez Jessica - - 2010
Abnormal smooth muscle cell proliferation is a hallmark of vascular disease. Although growth factors are known to contribute to cell hyperplasia, the changes in metabolism associated with this response, particularly mitochondrial respiration, remain unclear. Given the increased energy requirements for proliferation, we hypothesized that PDGF (platelet-derived growth factor) would stimulate ...
Michelakis E D - - 2010
Solid tumors, including the aggressive primary brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme, develop resistance to cell death, in part as a result of a switch from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to cytoplasmic glycolysis. This metabolic remodeling is accompanied by mitochondrial hyperpolarization. We tested whether the small-molecule and orphan drug dichloroacetate (DCA) can reverse ...
Zhou Feifan - - 2010
Translocation and localization of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in normal and cancerous cells have significant biomedical implications. In this study, SWNTs functionalized with different biomolecules in cells were observed with confocal laser scanning microscopy. Functionalized with PL-PEG, SWNTs were found to localize exclusively in mitochondria of both tumor and normal ...
Beeson Craig C CC Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, 29425, - - 2010
Mitochondria are a common target of toxicity for drugs and other chemicals and result in decreased aerobic metabolism and cell death. In contrast, mitochondrial biogenesis restores cell vitality, and there is a need for new agents to induce biogenesis. Current cell-based models of mitochondrial biogenesis or toxicity are inadequate because ...
Favre C - - 2010
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) signalling pathway is essential for metabolism, cell growth and survival. It induces expression of the mitochondrial pyrimidine nucleotide carrier 1 (PNC1) in transformed cells, but the consequences of this for cell phenotype are unknown. Here we show that PNC1 is necessary to maintain mitochondrial function ...
Nowak Robert - - 2010
The aim of the study was to examine the effect of 1-methylnicotinamide (MNA) and 1-methyl-3-nitropyridine (MNP) on mitochondria activity and proliferation of endothelial EA.hy926 cells. The activity of MNA was also referred to nicotinamide (NAM) being MNA metabolic precursor. NAM and MNA used at high concentrations (up to 1 mM) ...
Burkhart Jessica - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Mistletoe extracts have been shown to provide deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-stabilizing effects in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro. We investigated the effect of a mistletoe extract on PBMC with and without concomitant treatment with cyclophosphamide and compared mitochondrial activity and replication of normal PBMC with that of ...
Takeda Kojiro - - 2010
Regulation of proliferation and quiescence in response to intra- or extracellular environmental signals are important for medicine and basic biology. Quiescence is relevant to tumorigenesis and tissue regeneration, and the maintenance of post-mitotic cells is important with regard to a number of senescence-related diseases such as neurodegeneration. We employ fission ...
Carreira Raquel S - - 2010
Autophagy is a highly regulated intracellular degradation process by which cells remove cytosolic long-lived proteins and damaged organelles. The mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) results in mitochondrial depolarization and increased reactive oxygen species production, which can trigger autophagy. Therefore, we hypothesized that the MPT may have a role in signaling autophagy ...
Ong Sang-Bing - - 2010
Whether alterations in mitochondrial morphology affect the susceptibility of the heart to ischemia/reperfusion injury is unknown. We hypothesized that modulating mitochondrial morphology protects the heart against ischemia/reperfusion injury. In response to ischemia, mitochondria in HL-1 cells (a cardiac-derived cell line) undergo fragmentation, a process that is dependent on the mitochondrial ...
Wang Hui - - 2010
AbstractInhibition of sperm motility has recently become a promising target for male contraceptive development. AF-2364, an analogue of Lonidamine (LND), had a contraceptive effect when orally administered to adult Sprague-Dawley rats. LND can also target mitochondria to inhibit oxygen consumption and block energy metabolism in tumour cells. However, there are ...
Cheng Wan-Yun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of action of many environmental agents commonly involve oxidative stress resulting from mitochondrial dysfunction. Zinc is a common environmental metallic contaminant that has been implicated in a variety of oxidant-dependent toxicological responses. Unlike ions of other transition metals such as iron, copper, and vanadium, Zn(2+) does not ...
Lagoutte Emilie - - 2010
Sulfide (H2S) is an inhibitor of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase comparable to cyanide. In this study, poisoning of cells was observed with sulfide concentrations above 20 microM. Sulfide oxidation has been shown to take place in organisms/cells naturally exposed to sulfide. Sulfide is released as a result of metabolism of sulfur ...
Yog Rajeshwari - - 2010
Recent studies indicate that the process of Ag presentation induces cytoskeleton-dependent mitochondrial redistribution to the immediate vicinity of the immunologic synapse (IS). This redistribution of mitochondria to the IS in T cells is necessary to maintain Ca(2+) influx and Th cell activation. Recently, we demonstrated that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ...
An Jee Hyun - - 2010
Mitochondria play a key role in cell physiology including cell differentiation and proliferation. We investigated the changes of mitochondrial biogenesis during Wnt-induced osteoblastic differentiation of murine mesenchymal C3H10T1/2 cells. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that activation of Wnt signaling by Wnt-3A conditioned medicum (CM) resulted in significant increase in the number ...
Meister Konrad - - 2010
Confocal Raman microspectroscopy was used to investigate human sperm cells. Raman mapping with a 532 nm excitation laser allowed to unambiguously characterize the nucleus, the neck, and, in particular, the mitochondria-rich middle piece of a human sperm cell. The effect of ultraviolet radiation on different organelles of the sperm was ...
Klinger Harald - - 2010
Asymmetric segregation of oxidatively damaged proteins is discussed in the literature as a mechanism in cell division cycles which at the same time causes rejuvenation of the daughter cell and aging of the mother cell. This process must be viewed as cooperating with the cellular degradation processes like autophagy, proteasomal ...
L?hrke Berthold - - 2010
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is known as an antioxidant and used for mucus viscosity reduction. However, this drug prevents or induces cell death depending on the cell type. The response of steroidogenic luteal cells to NAC is unknown. Our data shows that NAC can behave as an antioxidant or prooxidant in dependency ...
Jasionek Grzegorz - - 2010
Microcystins (MC) are potent hepatic toxins delivered into the cells by organic anion transporting peptides (OATP) where they target protein phosphatases and mitochondria. We analyzed the effects of MC-LR on primary hepatocytes, HepG2, and Jurkat T cells, and isolated rat liver mitochondria by measuring changes in O(2) consumption by optical ...
Wang J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although oestrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRalpha) is primarily thought to regulate energy homeostasis, it also serves as a prognostic marker for cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate any connection between ERRalpha activity and cell population growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: XCT-790, an ERRa specific inverse agonist, was employed ...
Mansoor Saffar S Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, United - - 2010
This study evaluates the toxic effects of catechol (a component from cigarette smoke) on Müller cells (MIO-M1) in vitro, and investigates the inhibitors memantine and epicatechin to determine if they can reverse the catechol toxic effects. MIO-M1 cells were exposed to varying concentrations of catechol with or without memantine or ...
Wu Jianhong - - 2010
Topoisomerase IIIalpha (topo IIIalpha), a member of the conserved Type IA subfamily of topoisomerases, is required for the cell proliferation in mitotic tissues, but has a lesser effect on DNA endoreplication. The top3alpha gene encodes two forms of protein by utilizing alternative translation initiation sites: one (short form) with the ...
He Yong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound therapy is a new modality in the control of malignant cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 5-aminolaevulinic acid on the ultrasonic killing action in the cancer cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: The K562 cells as a cancer cell model were subjected to investigate the ...
St John Justin C - - 2010
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes key proteins associated with the process of oxidative phosphorylation. Defects to mtDNA cause severe disease phenotypes that can affect offspring survival. The aim of this review is to identify how mtDNA is replicated as it transits from the fertilized oocyte into the preimplantation embryo, the fetus ...
Avcı Cığır Biray - - 2011
CAPE (caffeic acid phenethyl ester) is one of the most valuable and investigated component of propolis which is composed by honeybees. In the current study, we aimed at examining apoptotic effects of CAPE on CCRF-CEM leukemic cells and at determining the roles of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in cell death. ...
Kurz C - - 2010
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta) is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease by initiating a cascade of events from mitochondrial dysfunction to neuronal death. The metabolic enhancer piracetam has been shown to improve mitochondrial dysfunction following brain aging and experimentally induced oxidative stress. We used cell lines (PC12 and HEK cells) ...
Ribeiro Ana Paula Dias - - 2010
To evaluate the cytotoxicity of PDT (photodynamic therapy) with Photogem associated to blue LED (light-emitting diode) on L929 and MDPC-23 cell cultures, 30000 cells/cm2 were seeded in 24-well plates for 48 h, incubated with Photogem (10, 25 or 50 mg/l) and irradiated with an LED source (460+/-3 nm; 22 mW/cm2) ...
Gérin Stéphanie - - 2010
Nitrate and ammonium constitute primary inorganic nitrogen sources that can be incorporated into carbon skeletons in photosynthetic eukaryotes. In Chlamydomonas, previous studies and the present one showed that the mitochondrial AOX is up-regulated in nitrate-grown cells in comparison with ammonium-grown cells. In this work, we have performed a comparative proteomic ...
Xiang Fei - - 2010
Tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1) is a mitochondrial chaperone that plays a role in maintaining mitochondrial function and regulating cell apoptosis. The opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) is a key step in cell death after hypoxia. However, it is still unclear whether TRAP1 protects cardiomyocytes ...
Xu Chunling - - 2010
Bostrycin is an anthracenedione with phytotoxic and antibacterial activity that belongs to the large family of quinones. We have isolated bostrycin from the secondary metabolites of a mangrove endophytic fungus, no. 1403, collected from the South China Sea. Using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model, we show that bostrycin ...
Wilkinson Sarah T - - 2010
Mitochondria are central to a variety of cellular processes, from metabolism to cell death. In this study, we demonstrated that an increase in the critical mitochondrial protein, cytochrome c, correlated with drug resistance in a cell culture model of aggressive lymphoma. Increased cytochrome c expression was also correlated with decreased ...
Chiche Johanna - - 2010
It is well established that cells exposed to the limiting oxygen microenvironment (hypoxia) of tumors acquire resistance to chemotherapy, through mechanisms not fully understood. We noted that a large number of cell lines showed protection from apoptotic stimuli, staurosporine, or etoposide, when exposed to long-term hypoxia (72 h). In addition, ...
Yang Jin - - 2010
Aesculetin (1) is an important coumarin found in various plant materials. It has been shown to have antiproliferative effects on several types of human cancer cells, but its effect on cervical cancer cells in vitro is unknown. In this study, we investigated that the cytotoxic effect of 1 on a ...
Zhou Hai-Yan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Ubiquitin proteasome system dysfunction is believed to play an important role in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), and almost all studies till now have mainly focused on the susceptibility of dopaminergic neurons to proteasome inhibition. However, in fact, there are many other types of neurons such as cholinergic ...
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