Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1672
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Ong Sang-Bing - - 2010
Whether alterations in mitochondrial morphology affect the susceptibility of the heart to ischemia/reperfusion injury is unknown. We hypothesized that modulating mitochondrial morphology protects the heart against ischemia/reperfusion injury. In response to ischemia, mitochondria in HL-1 cells (a cardiac-derived cell line) undergo fragmentation, a process that is dependent on the mitochondrial ...
Wang Hui - - 2010
AbstractInhibition of sperm motility has recently become a promising target for male contraceptive development. AF-2364, an analogue of Lonidamine (LND), had a contraceptive effect when orally administered to adult Sprague-Dawley rats. LND can also target mitochondria to inhibit oxygen consumption and block energy metabolism in tumour cells. However, there are ...
Cheng Wan-Yun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of action of many environmental agents commonly involve oxidative stress resulting from mitochondrial dysfunction. Zinc is a common environmental metallic contaminant that has been implicated in a variety of oxidant-dependent toxicological responses. Unlike ions of other transition metals such as iron, copper, and vanadium, Zn(2+) does not ...
Lagoutte Emilie - - 2010
Sulfide (H2S) is an inhibitor of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase comparable to cyanide. In this study, poisoning of cells was observed with sulfide concentrations above 20 microM. Sulfide oxidation has been shown to take place in organisms/cells naturally exposed to sulfide. Sulfide is released as a result of metabolism of sulfur ...
Yog Rajeshwari - - 2010
Recent studies indicate that the process of Ag presentation induces cytoskeleton-dependent mitochondrial redistribution to the immediate vicinity of the immunologic synapse (IS). This redistribution of mitochondria to the IS in T cells is necessary to maintain Ca(2+) influx and Th cell activation. Recently, we demonstrated that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ...
An Jee Hyun - - 2010
Mitochondria play a key role in cell physiology including cell differentiation and proliferation. We investigated the changes of mitochondrial biogenesis during Wnt-induced osteoblastic differentiation of murine mesenchymal C3H10T1/2 cells. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that activation of Wnt signaling by Wnt-3A conditioned medicum (CM) resulted in significant increase in the number ...
Meister Konrad - - 2010
Confocal Raman microspectroscopy was used to investigate human sperm cells. Raman mapping with a 532 nm excitation laser allowed to unambiguously characterize the nucleus, the neck, and, in particular, the mitochondria-rich middle piece of a human sperm cell. The effect of ultraviolet radiation on different organelles of the sperm was ...
Klinger Harald - - 2010
Asymmetric segregation of oxidatively damaged proteins is discussed in the literature as a mechanism in cell division cycles which at the same time causes rejuvenation of the daughter cell and aging of the mother cell. This process must be viewed as cooperating with the cellular degradation processes like autophagy, proteasomal ...
L?hrke Berthold - - 2010
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is known as an antioxidant and used for mucus viscosity reduction. However, this drug prevents or induces cell death depending on the cell type. The response of steroidogenic luteal cells to NAC is unknown. Our data shows that NAC can behave as an antioxidant or prooxidant in dependency ...
Jasionek Grzegorz - - 2010
Microcystins (MC) are potent hepatic toxins delivered into the cells by organic anion transporting peptides (OATP) where they target protein phosphatases and mitochondria. We analyzed the effects of MC-LR on primary hepatocytes, HepG2, and Jurkat T cells, and isolated rat liver mitochondria by measuring changes in O(2) consumption by optical ...
Wang J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although oestrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRalpha) is primarily thought to regulate energy homeostasis, it also serves as a prognostic marker for cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate any connection between ERRalpha activity and cell population growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: XCT-790, an ERRa specific inverse agonist, was employed ...
Mansoor Saffar S Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, United - - 2010
This study evaluates the toxic effects of catechol (a component from cigarette smoke) on Müller cells (MIO-M1) in vitro, and investigates the inhibitors memantine and epicatechin to determine if they can reverse the catechol toxic effects. MIO-M1 cells were exposed to varying concentrations of catechol with or without memantine or ...
Wu Jianhong - - 2010
Topoisomerase IIIalpha (topo IIIalpha), a member of the conserved Type IA subfamily of topoisomerases, is required for the cell proliferation in mitotic tissues, but has a lesser effect on DNA endoreplication. The top3alpha gene encodes two forms of protein by utilizing alternative translation initiation sites: one (short form) with the ...
He Yong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound therapy is a new modality in the control of malignant cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 5-aminolaevulinic acid on the ultrasonic killing action in the cancer cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: The K562 cells as a cancer cell model were subjected to investigate the ...
St John Justin C - - 2010
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes key proteins associated with the process of oxidative phosphorylation. Defects to mtDNA cause severe disease phenotypes that can affect offspring survival. The aim of this review is to identify how mtDNA is replicated as it transits from the fertilized oocyte into the preimplantation embryo, the fetus ...
Avcı Cığır Biray - - 2011
CAPE (caffeic acid phenethyl ester) is one of the most valuable and investigated component of propolis which is composed by honeybees. In the current study, we aimed at examining apoptotic effects of CAPE on CCRF-CEM leukemic cells and at determining the roles of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in cell death. ...
Kurz C - - 2010
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta) is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease by initiating a cascade of events from mitochondrial dysfunction to neuronal death. The metabolic enhancer piracetam has been shown to improve mitochondrial dysfunction following brain aging and experimentally induced oxidative stress. We used cell lines (PC12 and HEK cells) ...
Ribeiro Ana Paula Dias - - 2010
To evaluate the cytotoxicity of PDT (photodynamic therapy) with Photogem associated to blue LED (light-emitting diode) on L929 and MDPC-23 cell cultures, 30000 cells/cm2 were seeded in 24-well plates for 48 h, incubated with Photogem (10, 25 or 50 mg/l) and irradiated with an LED source (460+/-3 nm; 22 mW/cm2) ...
Gérin Stéphanie - - 2010
Nitrate and ammonium constitute primary inorganic nitrogen sources that can be incorporated into carbon skeletons in photosynthetic eukaryotes. In Chlamydomonas, previous studies and the present one showed that the mitochondrial AOX is up-regulated in nitrate-grown cells in comparison with ammonium-grown cells. In this work, we have performed a comparative proteomic ...
Xiang Fei - - 2010
Tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1) is a mitochondrial chaperone that plays a role in maintaining mitochondrial function and regulating cell apoptosis. The opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) is a key step in cell death after hypoxia. However, it is still unclear whether TRAP1 protects cardiomyocytes ...
Xu Chunling - - 2010
Bostrycin is an anthracenedione with phytotoxic and antibacterial activity that belongs to the large family of quinones. We have isolated bostrycin from the secondary metabolites of a mangrove endophytic fungus, no. 1403, collected from the South China Sea. Using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model, we show that bostrycin ...
Wilkinson Sarah T - - 2010
Mitochondria are central to a variety of cellular processes, from metabolism to cell death. In this study, we demonstrated that an increase in the critical mitochondrial protein, cytochrome c, correlated with drug resistance in a cell culture model of aggressive lymphoma. Increased cytochrome c expression was also correlated with decreased ...
Chiche Johanna - - 2010
It is well established that cells exposed to the limiting oxygen microenvironment (hypoxia) of tumors acquire resistance to chemotherapy, through mechanisms not fully understood. We noted that a large number of cell lines showed protection from apoptotic stimuli, staurosporine, or etoposide, when exposed to long-term hypoxia (72 h). In addition, ...
Yang Jin - - 2010
Aesculetin (1) is an important coumarin found in various plant materials. It has been shown to have antiproliferative effects on several types of human cancer cells, but its effect on cervical cancer cells in vitro is unknown. In this study, we investigated that the cytotoxic effect of 1 on a ...
Zhou Hai-Yan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Ubiquitin proteasome system dysfunction is believed to play an important role in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), and almost all studies till now have mainly focused on the susceptibility of dopaminergic neurons to proteasome inhibition. However, in fact, there are many other types of neurons such as cholinergic ...
Bonda David J DJ Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, - - 2010
The complexities that underlie the cognitive impairment and neurodegeneration characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have yet to be completely understood, although many factors in disease pathogenesis have been identified. Particularly important in disease development seem to be mitochondrial disturbances. As pivotal role players in cellular metabolism, mitochondria are pertinent to ...
Kaur Jaspreet - - 2010
Glycosyl 1,4-dihydropyridine analogue (2,6-dimethyl-4-(3-O-benzyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-beta-l-threo pentofuranos-4-yl)-1-phenyl-1,4-dihydro-pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid diethyl ester) synthesized in our laboratory, inhibited Leishmania donovani infection in vitro and in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) when administered orally. This analogue is nontoxic, cell-permeable and orally effective. This glycosyl dihydropyridine analogue functioned through arrest of cells in sub-G0/G1-phase, triggering mitochondrial membrane depolarization-mediated programmed ...
Mai Sören - - 2010
Mitochondria display different morphologies, depending on cell type and physiological situation. In many senescent cell types, an extensive elongation of mitochondria occurs, implying that the increase of mitochondrial length in senescence could have a functional role. To test this hypothesis, human endothelial cells (HUVECs) were aged in vitro. Young HUVECs ...
Seeger Jens Michael - - 2010
Adoptive transfer of tumor-specific cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) results in target cell lysis by activating the intrinsic apoptotic cell death program. Not surprisingly, deregulation of the apoptotic machinery is one of the central mechanisms by which tumor cells escape immune destruction despite specific CTL recognition. Here we show that treatment ...
Seidler Emily A - - 2010
Central neurons undergo cell death after axotomy. One of the signaling pathways for this process is oxidative modification of one or more critical sulfhydryls in association with superoxide generation within mitochondria. Agents that reduce oxidized sulfhydryls are neuroprotective of axotomized retinal ganglion cells, and we hypothesized that this occurs via ...
Wu Yuan - - 2010
Hepatic stimulator substance (HSS) has been shown to protect liver cells from various toxins. However, the mechanism by which HSS protects hepatocytes remains unclear. In this study, we established BEL-7402 cells that stably express HSS and analyzed the protective ability of HSS on cells through mitochondrial permeability (MP). After administration ...
Aguiló Juan I - - 2010
Induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a hallmark of granzyme B (gzmB)-mediated pro-apoptotic processes and target cell death. However, it is unclear to what extent the generated ROS derive from mitochondrial and/or extra-mitochondrial sources. To clarify this point, we have produced a mutant EL4 cell line, termed EL4-rho(0), which ...
Rauschenberger Katharina - - 2010
Deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase involved in isoleucine metabolism causes an organic aciduria with atypical neurodegenerative course. The disease-causing gene is HSD17B10 and encodes 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10 (HSD10), a protein also implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Here we show that clinical symptoms in patients are ...
Esteves A Raquel - - 2010
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with perturbed mitochondrial function. Studies of cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell lines containing mitochondria from PD subjects suggest complex I dysfunction in particular is a relatively upstream biochemical defect. To evaluate potential downstream consequences of PD mitochondrial dysfunction, we used a cybrid approach to model PD ...
Hao Wenshan - - 2010
Cancer cells constantly adapt to oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) suppression resulting from hypoxia or mitochondria defects. Under the OXPHOS suppression, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates global metabolism adjustments, but its activation has been found to be transient. Whether cells can maintain cellular ATP homeostasis and survive beyond the transient AMPK activation ...
Diers Anne R AR Center for Free Radical Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2010
Prototypical electrophiles such as the lipid 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) are well recognized for their therapeutic potential. Electrophiles modify signalling proteins in both the cytosol and mitochondrion, which results in diverse cellular responses, including cytoprotective effects and, at high doses, cell death. These findings led us to the hypothesis that targeting ...
Saks Valdur - - 2010
The aim of this review is to analyze the results of experimental research of mechanisms of regulation of mitochondrial respiration in cardiac and skeletal muscle cells in vivo obtained by using the permeabilized cell technique. Such an analysis in the framework of Molecular Systems Bioenergetics shows that the mechanisms of ...
Demasi Ana P D - - 2010
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC), the most common primary salivary malignancy, shows great variability in clinical behaviour, thus demanding investigation to identify of prognostic markers. Since Warburg's studies, unrestricted cell growth during tumorigenesis has been linked to altered metabolism, implying hypoxic stimulation of glycolysis and diminished contribution of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to ...
Chen Shuliang - - 2010
The anionic phospholipid cardiolipin and its precursor phosphatidylglycerol are synthesized and localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane of eukaryotes. They are required for structural integrity and optimal activities of a large number of mitochondrial proteins and complexes. Previous studies showed that loss of anionic phospholipids leads to cell inviability in ...
Mirebeau-Prunier Delphine - - 2010
Mitochondrial biogenesis, which depends on nuclear as well as mitochondrial genes, occurs in response to increased cellular ATP demand. The nuclear transcriptional factors, estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRalpha) and nuclear respiratory factors 1 and 2, are associated with the coordination of the transcriptional machinery governing mitochondrial biogenesis, whereas coactivators of the ...
Kieper Nicole - - 2010
Loss of Omi/HtrA2 function leads to nerve cell loss in mouse models and has been linked to neurodegeneration in Parkinson's and Huntington's disease. Omi/HtrA2 is a serine protease released as a pro-apoptotic factor from the mitochondrial intermembrane space into the cytosol. Under physiological conditions, Omi/HtrA2 is thought to be involved ...
Fukui Masayuki M Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, School of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2010
Oxidative cell death is an important contributing factor in neurodegenerative diseases. Using HT22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells as a model, we sought to demonstrate that mitochondria are crucial early targets of glutamate-induced oxidative cell death. We show that when HT22 cells were transfected with shRNA for knockdown of the mitochondrial ...
Agudo-L?pez Alba - - 2010
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been demonstrated to be an important regulator of cell death and survival. Although it has been suggested that the sphingolipid may act as a neuroprotector in the cell apoptosis induced by traumatic brain injury, the mechanisms involved in this action are unknown. In this study, the relationship ...
Whyte Donna A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The primary cannabinoids, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) and Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(8)-THC) are known to disturb the mitochondrial function and possess antitumor activities. These observations prompted us to investigate their effects on the mitochondrial O(2) consumption in human oral cancer cells (Tu183). This epithelial cell line overexpresses bcl-2 and is highly ...
Wong Judy Wei-Yan - - 2010
Antiquitin is an aldehyde dehydrogenase involved in the catabolism of lysine. Mutations of antiquitin have been linked with the disease pyridoxine-dependent seizures. While it is well established that lysine metabolism takes place in the mitochondrial matrix, evidence for the mitochondrial localization of antiquitin has been lacking. In the present study, ...
Jahnke Vanessa E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mitochondria can sense signals linked to variations in energy demand to regulate nuclear gene expression. This retrograde signaling pathway is presumed to be involved in the regulation of myoblast proliferation and differentiation. Rhabdomyosarcoma cells are characterized by their failure to both irreversibly exit the cell cycle and complete myogenic ...
Ribeiro Geise - - 2010
The present study reports the synthesis of a novel compound with the formula [Ru(2)(aGLA)4Cl] according to elemental analyses data, referred to as Ru(2)GLA. The electronic spectra of Ru(2)GLA is typical of a mixed valent diruthenium(II,III) carboxylate. Ru(2)GLA was synthesized with the aim of combining and possibly improving the anti-tumour properties ...
Downs Craig A - - 2010
The logistics involved in obtaining and maintaining large numbers of corals hampers research on the toxicological effects of environmental contaminants for this ecologically and economically important taxon. A method for creating and culturing single-cell suspensions of viable coral cells was developed. Cell segregation/separation was based on specific cell densities and ...
Butler Jonathan - - 2010
The mitochondrial ATP-dependent K channel (mitoKATP) has been shown to play a role in cellular protection against apoptosis, or programmed cell death. This channel has been identified and characterized in a number of cell and tissue types but to date the possible existence of mitoKATP in osteoblastic cells has not ...
Monteiro Sandra Mariza - - 2010
This study reports the first complete mapping of the gill epithelium in a tilapia species. Different gill epithelial cell types of the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. have been identified and located using different antisera against mammalian proteins and various histochemical techniques: Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS), Alcian Blue pH 1.0, ...
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