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Delgado Dolores - - 2012
Stomatal development in Arabidopsis thaliana has been linked to photoreceptor-perceived light through several components of the photomorphogenic switch, whose lack of function is often seedling-lethal. CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 10 (COP10) is an important component of this switch, its loss of function producing stomatal clusters. Exploiting the reduced lethality of the cop10-1 ...
Islam M Nazrul - - 2012
The present study investigated effects of apoptosis observed during seasonal testicular regression in Japanese Jungle Crows. The study was conducted during January to June 2008, 2009. Testes from adults captured during non-breeding (January), prebreeding (February to mid-March), main-breeding (late March to early May), transition (mid-May to late May), and post-breeding ...
Battaglia Corsin - - 2012
Theory predicts that periodic photonic nanostructures should outperform their random counterparts in trapping light in solar cells. However, the current certified world-record conversion efficiency for amorphous silicon thin-film solar cells, which strongly rely on light trapping, was achieved on the random pyramidal morphology of transparent zinc oxide electrodes. Based on ...
Krishnamurthy M - - 2012
We demonstrate that the interaction of intense femtosecond light on a plain solid substrate can be substantially altered by a few micron layer coating of bacterial cells, live or dead. Using E. Coli cells, we show that at an intensity of 10<sup>16</sup>W cm<sup>-2</sup>, the bremsstraahlung hard x-ray emission (up to ...
Feng Tingting - - 2012
A single-layer graphene film was grown on copper foil by chemical vapor deposition and transferred onto a silicon-pillar-array (SPA) substrate to make a Schottky junction solar cell. The SPA substrate was specifically designed to suppress reflectance and enhance light absorption. The energy conversion efficiency of the prepared graphene/SPA solar cells ...
Wang Wei - - 2012
Overall performance of a thin film solar cell is determined by the efficiency of converting photons to electrons through light absorption, carrier generation, and carrier collection. Recently, photon management has emerged as a powerful tool to further boost this conversion efficiency. Here we propose a novel nanograting solar cell design ...
Kimura Mutsumi - - 2012
Sensitive kind of dye: Co-sensitization of the TiO(2) electrode using PcS15 and the dye D131 results in a dramatic enhancement of the photocurrent response for the entire visible-light region. This method provides a simple design for accessing dye-sensitized solar cells.
Lugo Katherine - - 2012
Stimulating cells by using light is a non-invasive technique that provides flexibility in probing different locations while minimizing unintended effects on the system. We propose a new way to make cells photosensitive without using genetic or chemical manipulation, which alters natural cells, in conjunction with Quantum Dots (QDs). Remote switching ...
Zhang Luhui - - 2012
Previous fiber-shaped solar cells are based on polymeric materials or dye-sensitized wide band-gap oxides. Here, we show that efficient fiber solar cells can be made from semiconducting nanostructures (e.g. CdSe) with smaller band-gap as the light absorption material. We directly grow a vertical array of CdSe nanowires uniformly around a ...
Im Sang Hyuk - - 2012
We have demonstrated the successful fabrication of multiple-layer colloidal quantum dot (CQD)-sensitized near-infrared (NIR) photovoltaic (PV) cells using the solution processable HgTe CQDs and poly-3-(hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as hole-conducting polymer. The cells showed a 3.6 fold enhancement in power conversion efficiency under NIR light illumination by the post-ethanedithiol chemical treatment. The ...
Ogami Shogo - - 2012
The sensitivity to high light conditions of Photosystem II with either PsbA1 (WT*1) or PsbA3 (WT*3) as the D1 protein was studied in whole cells of the thermophilic cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus. When the cells are cultivated under high light conditions the following results were found: (i) The O(2) evolution activity ...
Mironi-Harpaz Iris - - 2012
Cell-encapsulating hydrogels used in regenerative medicine are designed to undergo a rapid liquid-to-solid phase transition in the presence of cells and tissues so as to maximize crosslinking and minimize cell toxicity. Light-activated free-radical crosslinking (photopolymerization) is of particular interest in this regard because it can provide rapid reaction rates that ...
Sasaki Naoki - - 2012
A simple and robust method to immobilize cells onto a glass substrate is presented. The method employs a photochemical reaction of benzophenone, which is modified on the substrate using a standard silane coupling agent, with cells. Cells were immobilized to an area irradiated with UV light from a standard light ...
Zucker Robert Martin - - 2012
Evaluation of the potential hazard of man-made nanomaterials has been hampered by a limited ability to observe and measure nanoparticles in cells. A FACSCalibur™ flow cytometer was used to measure changes in light scatter from cells after incubation with TiO(2) nanoparticle. Both the side scatter and forward scatter changed substantially ...
Lung Mandy Siu Yu - - 2012
With advances in molecular biology and gene cloning techniques, it is now possible to selectively stimulate living cells of interest by using an external light source. This is done by transfecting the cells of interest with a plasmid carrying the channelrhodopsin (ChR2) gene. By stimulating these transfected cells with laser, ...
Shaw Victoria E - - 2012
We have shown previously that near-infrared light (NIr) treatment or photobiomodulation neuroprotects dopaminergic cells in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) from degeneration induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in mice. The present study explores whether NIr treatment changes the patterns of Fos expression in the subthalamic region, namely, the subthalamic nucleus (STN) ...
Nakao Takeshi - - 2012
Most of inherited retinal diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) cause photoreceptor cell death resulting in blindness. RP is a large family of diseases in which the photoreceptor cell death can be caused by a number of pathways. Among them, light exposure has been reported to induce photoreceptor cell death. ...
Austriaco Nicanor - - 2012
Yeast cells undergo programed cell death (PCD) with characteristic markers associated with apoptosis in mammalian cells including chromatin breakage, nuclear fragmentation, reactive oxygen species generation, and metacaspase activation. Though significant research has focused on mitochondrial involvement in this phenomenon, more recent work with both Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe has ...
Gregori Silvia - - 2012
The immuno-regulatory mechanisms of IL-10-producing type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells have been widely studied over the years. However, several recent discoveries have shed new light on the cellular and molecular mechanisms that human Tr1 cells use to control immune responses and induce tolerance. In this review we outline the ...
Hadidi Naghmeh N Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shaheed Beheshti University of MedicalmSciences, Tehran, - - 2012
Among the numerous nanosized drug delivery systems currently under investigation, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), regardless of being single or multiple-walled, offer several advantages and are considered as promising candidates for drug targeting. Despite the valuable potentials of CNTs in drug delivery, their toxicity still remains an important issue. After the PEGylation ...
Tsai Min-An - - 2011
The enhanced conversion efficiency of the InGaP/GaAs dual-junction solar cell was demonstrated utilizing broad-band and omnidirectional antireflection nanorod arrays. The nanorod arrays were fabricated by self-assembled Ni clusters, followed by inductively-coupled-plasma reactive ion etching. The conversion efficiency measured under one-sun air mass 1.5 global illuminations at room temperature was improved ...
Khanim F L - - 2011
Despite recent therapeutic advancements, multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable and new therapies are needed, especially for the treatment of elderly and relapsed/refractory patients. We have screened a panel of 100 off-patent licensed oral drugs for anti-myeloma activity and identified niclosamide, an anti-helminthic. Niclosamide, at clinically achievable non-toxic concentrations, killed MM ...
Simão Sónia - - 2011
Cl(-) /HCO 3- exchanger and Na(+) /H(+) exchanger 3 are the main transporters responsible for NaCl reabsorption in kidney proximal tubules. It is well accepted that membrane exchangers can be regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the kidney, ROS are known to contribute to decreases in Na(+) excretion and consequently ...
Deutsch Gregor B - - 2011
Comment on: Deutsch GB, et al. Cell 2011; 144:566-76.
Stendardi A - - 2011
The role of mitochondria in sperm motility was the subject of several investigations. However, different views on this topic emerged among scientists. In particular, very little is known on the mechanisms of energy production occurring during human sperm capacitation and related processes. In this study, we have investigated the mitochondrial ...
Tham Daniel Kai Long - - 2011
The proper targeting of ion channels to specialized domains is crucial for cell function. Kir4.1, the inwardly rectifying potassium channel, and aquaporin-4 (AQP4), the type 4 water-permeable channel, are localized at the basolateral domain of polarized epithelial cells; however, the mechanisms involved in their localization have yet to be determined. ...
Selvais Charlotte - - 2011
Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) is a plasma membrane scavenger and signaling receptor, composed of a large ligand-binding subunit (515-kDa α-chain) linked to a shorter transmembrane subunit (85-kDa β-chain). LRP-1 cell-surface level and function are controlled by proteolytic shedding of its ectodomain. Here, we identified ectodomain sheddases in human HT1080 ...
Rayo Josep - - 2011
Live cell fluorescent labeling of proteins has become a seminal tool in biology and has led to hallmark discoveries in diverse research areas such as protein trafficking, cell-to-cell interactions, and intracellular network dynamics. One of the main challenges, however, remains the ability to label intracellular proteins using fluorescent ligands with ...
Oncel Semih - - 2011
Using a molecular genetic approach, we try to confirm the molecular alterations of inverted papilloma and clarify its status as a putative precursor lesion of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma. To better understand its genetics, we investigated the immunohistochemical protein expression patterns of cell-cycle-regulators p53, p63, p21, p27 and proliferation marker ...
Png Evelyn - - 2011
Hyperosmolar-induced ocular surface cell death is a key mitochondria-mediated event in inflammatory eye diseases. Transglutaminase (TGM)-2, a cross-linking enzyme, is purported to mediate cell death, but its link to mitochondria is unclear. In the cornea, the integrity of the epithelial cells is important for maintaining transparency of the cornea and ...
Kaur Sukhbir - - 2011
Cell surface proteoglycans on T cells contribute to retroviral infection, binding of chemokines and other proteins, and are necessary for some T cell responses to the matricellular glycoprotein thrombospondin-1. The major cell surface proteoglycans expressed by primary T cells and Jurkat T cells have an apparent M(r) > 200,000 and ...
Friday Ellen - - 2011
We studied the roles of glycolysis and glutaminolysis following an acute reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential (Ψ(m)) induced by the thiazolidinedione troglitazone (TRO) and compared the responses with CCCP-induced depolarization in breast cancer derived MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells as well as in the MCF-10A normal breast cell line. TRO and ...
Hu Bo B Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Biological Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0374, - - 2011
Many motile eukaryotic cells determine their direction by measuring external chemical gradients through the binding of ligands to membrane bound receptors. This process is limited by fluctuations arising from the binding process and from the diffusion of the ligand molecules. Here, we apply estimation-theoretic methods to determine the physical limits ...
Boisson-Dernier Aurélien - - 2011
In plants, organ formation and cell elongation require the constant adjustment of the dynamic and adaptable cell wall in response to environmental cues as well as internal regulators, such as light, mechanical stresses, pathogen attacks, phytohormones, and other signaling molecules. The molecular mechanisms that perceive these cues and translate them ...
Li Xi X Department of Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, - - 2011
A dual-ligand gold nanoparticle (DLGNP) was designed and synthesized to explore the therapeutic benefits of multivalent interactions between gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and cancer cells. DLGNP was tested on human epidermal cancer cells (KB), which had high expression of folate receptor. The cellular uptake of DLGNP was increased by 3.9 and ...
del Álamo David - - 2011
Notch receptors in a given cell are activated by cell surface ligands in neighbouring cells but can also be inhibited by the ligands present within the same cell. This process is known as cis-inhibition of Notch. Additionally, reciprocal cis-inhibition of the ligands by Notch has also been observed, albeit to ...
Guan Feng - - 2011
We investigated interaction of GM3 with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) termini of N-linked glycans of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), as the underlying mechanism for inhibitory effect of GM3 on EGFR activation, using ldlD cells transfected with EGFR gene. These cells, defective in UDP-Gal/UDP-GalNAc 4-epimerase, are incapable of synthesizing galactose (Gal)-containing glycans, ...
Joti Prakash - - 2011
Stem cell progeny often undergo transit amplifying divisions before differentiation. In Drosophila, a spermatogonial precursor divides four times within an enclosure formed by two somatic-origin cyst cells, before differentiating into spermatocytes. Although germline and cyst cell-intrinsic factors are known to regulate these divisions, the mechanistic details are unclear. Here, we ...
Li Q - - 2011
In order to elucidate the relationship between androgens and the function of the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) scented glands during the breeding season, we investigated immunolocalization of steroidogenic enzymes P450scc, 3βHSD and P450c17 in the muskrat testes and scented glands. Nine adult muskrats were obtained in March (n=3), May (n=3) and ...
Qu Feng - - 2011
The glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) plays a key role in maintaining whole body glucose homeostasis. Tracking GLUT4 in space and time can provide new insights for understanding the mechanisms of insulin-regulated GLUT4 translocation. Organic dyes and fluorescent proteins were used in previous studies for investigating the traffic of GLUT4 in ...
McGee Allison M AM Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, 65211, - - 2011
Opening of the MPT (mitochondrial permeability transition) pore is a critical event in mitochondrial-mediated cell death. However, with the exception of CypD (cyclophilin D), the exact molecular composition of the MPT pore remains uncertain. C1qbp (complement 1q-binding protein) has recently been hypothesized to be an essential component of the MPT ...
Salyer Sarah - - 2011
Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in renal proximal tubule is regulated by several hormones including parathyroid hormone (PTH) and dopamine. The current experiments explore the role of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF-1) in dopamine-mediated regulation of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. We measured dopamine regulation of ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb uptake and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase α1 subunit phosphorylation in wild-type ...
Lindström Sivert - - 2011
Principal cells in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus receive both feedforward and recurrent inhibition. Despite many years of study, the receptive field structure of these inhibitory mechanisms has not been determined. Here, we have used intracellular recordings in vivo to differentiate between the two types of inhibition and map their ...
Zanchetta Luciene M - - 2010
Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is the principal etiological factor in skin carcinogenesis. In vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated previously that oxidative DNA damage, mitochondrial mass and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) changes are associated with skin cell response to UVR stress. Spontaneously immortalized human skin keratinocytes were irradiated with ...
Wang Wei - - 2010
Differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) involves the activation of aerobic metabolism, which is dependent on mitochondrial function. Here, we show that the differentiation of NSCs involves robust increases in mitochondrial mass, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number, and respiration capacity. The increased respiration activity renders mtDNA vulnerable to oxidative damage, ...
Bhatia-Kiššová Ingrid - - 2010
Mitochondria are essential for oxidative energy production in aerobic eukaryotic cells, where they are also required for multiple biosynthetic pathways to take place. Mitochondria also monitor and evaluate complex information from the environment and intracellular milieu, including the presence or absence of growth factors, oxygen, reactive oxygen species, and DNA ...
Stockwin Luke H - - 2010
The "Warburg effect," also termed aerobic glycolysis, describes the increased reliance of cancer cells on glycolysis for ATP production, even in the presence of oxygen. Consequently, there is continued interest in inhibitors of glycolysis as cancer therapeutics. One example is dichloroacetate (DCA), a pyruvate mimetic that stimulates oxidative phosphorylation through ...
Ziabreva Iryna I The Mitochondrial Research Group, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2010
Oligodendrocyte lineage cells are susceptible to a variety of insults including hypoxia, excitotoxicity, and reactive oxygen species. Demyelination is a well-recognized feature of several CNS disorders including multiple sclerosis, white matter strokes, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, and disorders due to mitochondrial DNA mutations. Although mitochondria have been implicated in the demise ...
Bhatnagar Dushyant - - 2011
Although mitochondria have long been considered the powerhouse of the living cell, it is only recently that we have been able to employ these organelles for electrocatalysis in electrochemical energy conversion devices. The concept of using biological entities for energy conversion, commonly referred to as a biofuel cell, has been ...
Esposito Michela - - 2011
The proteasomal lid subunit Rpn11 is essential for maintaining a correct cell cycle and mitochondrial morphology in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this paper, we show that the rpn11-m1 mutant has a peculiar cell cycle defect reminiscent of mutants defective in the FEAR pathway that delay the release of the Cdc14 protein ...
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