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Master Alyssa M - - 2012
The current clinical mainstays for cancer treatment, namely, surgical resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, can cause significant trauma, systemic toxicity, and functional/cosmetic debilitation of tissue, especially if repetitive treatment becomes necessary due to tumor recurrence. Hence there is significant clinical interest in alternate treatment strategies like photodynamic therapy (PDT) which can ...
Dougherty S E - - 2012
Huntington Disease (HD) is a devastating neurological disorder characterized by progressive deterioration of psychiatric, motor, and cognitive function. Purkinje cells (PCs), the output neurons of the cerebellar cortex, have been found to be vulnerable in multiple CAG repeat disorders, but little is known about the involvement of PC dysfunction in ...
Zhao Zhiguo - - 2012
  Melanoblasts (MB) are also called melanocyte (MC) precursor cells. In recent years, people have successfully cultivated human and mouse MB. Previous studies have shown that EDN3 induces cultivated bird MC to re-differentiate into double potential progenitor cells of MB. However, no study has reported whether in vitro cultivated human ...
Chen Yu-Fan - - 2012
Liver transplantation is the only definitive treatment for end-stage cirrhosis and fulminant liver failure, but the lack of available donor livers is a major obstacle to liver transplantation. Recently, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from the reprogramming of somatic fibroblasts, have been shown to resemble embryonic stem (ES) cells ...
Gomez-Santos Laura - - 2012
S-Adenosylmethionine, abbreviated as SAM, SAMe or AdoMet, is the principal methyl group donor in the mammalian cell and the first step metabolite of the methionine cycle, being synthesized by MAT (methionine adenosyltransferase) from methionine and ATP. About 60 years after its identification, SAMe is admitted as a key hepatic regulator ...
Wongkajornsilp Adisak - - 2012
Clones of hepatocyte-like cells were reproducibly generated from human mesenchymal stem cells immortalized with a combined transduction of both Bmi-1 and TERT genes. These hepatocyte-like cells contained selective markers and several functional properties of hepatocytes, yet still carried proliferative potential. These cells had cuboidal morphology and arranged themselves as cord-like ...
Shah Sunny S - - 2011
This paper describes a novel platform that utilizes micropatterning and electrochemistry to release cells-on-hydrogel microstructures from conductive indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates. In this approach, UV photopolymerization was employed to micropattern heparin-based hydrogels onto glass substrates containing ITO electrodes. ITO/glass substrates were first functionalized with acrylated silane to promote attachment ...
Assimakopoulos Stelios F - - 2011
To investigate the effect of the neuropeptides bombesin (BBS) and neurotensin (NT) on oval cell proliferation in partially hepatectomized rats not pretreated with a known hepatocyte inhibitor. Seventy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups:ā€…Iā€…= controls, II = sham operated, III = partial hepatectomy 70% (PHx), IV = ...
Severgnini Mariano - - 2011
Primary mouse hepatocytes are an important tool in the biomedical research field for the assessment of hepatocyte function. Several methods for hepatocyte isolation have been published; however, many of these methods require extensive handling and can therefore compromise the viability and function of the isolated cells. Since one advantage of ...
Malato Yann - - 2011
Recent evidence has contradicted the prevailing view that homeostasis and regeneration of the adult liver are mediated by self duplication of lineage-restricted hepatocytes and biliary epithelial cells. These new data suggest that liver progenitor cells do not function solely as a backup system in chronic liver injury; rather, they also ...
Tatsumi Kohei - - 2011
Hepatocyte-based therapies are promising regenerative approaches for liver diseases. In this study, we sought to develop a versatile method to modify the surface of hepatocytes by immobilizing synthetic polymers around the cells. The surface of murine primary hepatocytes was modified using poly(ethylene glycol)-phospholipids conjugate bearing FITC (FITC-PEG-lipid) in suspension. Hepatocyte ...
Pal Rajarshi - - 2011
The in vitro derived hepatocytes from human embryonic stem cells (hESC) is a promising tool to acquire improved knowledge of the cellular and molecular events underlying early human liver development under physiological and pathological conditions. Here we report a simple two-step protocol employing conditioned medium from human hepatocellular carcinoma cell ...
Chisari Andrea N - - 2011
Protein malnutrition occurs when there is insufficient protein to meet metabolic demands. Previous works have indicated that cycles of protein fasting/refeeding enhance the incidence of early lesions during chemical carcinogenesis in rat liver. The general objective of this work was to study the effect of aminoacids (Aa) deprivation on the ...
Wu Yizhou Y Universities' Confederated Institute of Proteomics, Key laboratory for Cell Proliferation and Regulation Biology Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, - - 2011
  After a two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PHx) in rodents, the remaining cells will proliferate and restore the lost liver mass within 7 days. Previous studies have proved that the residual hepatocytes proliferate in a synchronous manner. However, the existing data can not reflect the chronicle of individual hepatocytes proliferation during liver ...
Willenbring Holger - - 2011
Forced lineage conversion of accessible cell types can supply scarce or inaccessible cells for research and therapy. Two papers in Nature now report the identification of transcription factors sufficient for inducing therapeutically effective hepatocyte function in fibroblasts (Huang et al., 2011; Sekiya and Suzuki, 2011).
Sekiya Sayaka - - 2011
The location and timing of cellular differentiation must be stringently controlled for proper organ formation. Normally, hepatocytes differentiate from hepatic progenitor cells to form the liver during development. However, previous studies have shown that the hepatic program can also be activated in non-hepatic lineage cells after exposure to particular stimuli ...
Pernelle K - - 2011
In this study, our goal was to develop an efficient in situ test adapted to screen hepatotoxicity of various chemicals, a process which remains challenging during the early phase of drug development. The test was based on functional human hepatocytes using the HepaRG cell line, and automation of quantitative fluorescence ...
Søfteland Liv - - 2011
The brominated flame retardant congeners BDE47, BDE153 and BDE154 are among the congeners accumulating to the highest degree in fish. In order to gain knowledge about the toxicological effects of PBDEs in fish, microarray-based transcriptomic and 2D-DIGE/MALDI-TOF/TOF proteomic approaches were used to screen for effects in primary Atlantic salmon hepatocytes ...
Cuffe Sandra - - 2011
While locally advanced prostate cancer is initially treatable with androgen ablation, eventually cells develop a castrate-resistant phenotype. Currently, there are no effective treatments for this form of the disease with Docetaxel only providing a small survival advantage. In this study, the effects of novel derivatives of titanocene dichloride on prostate ...
Vitali Federica - - 2011
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is a common condition in elderly men that impairs quality of life and leads to a number of medical complications. The use of phytotherapeutic compounds in patients with relatively moderate BPH symptoms has been growing steadily. In the present study, acute toxicity of lyophilised aqueous extracts ...
Zhang Chu - - 2011
Preferential bony metastasis of human prostate cancer (PCa) cells contributes to disease mortality and morbidity. Local factors in bone stromal extracellular matrix microenvironment affect tumor growth through paracrine interactions between tumor and stromal cells. Using co-culture and medium transfer, we used several methods to assess interactions between PCa and bone ...
Tripathi Manisha - - 2011
Matriptase, a type II transmembrane serine protease, has been linked to initiation and promotion of epidermal carcinogenesis in a murine model, suggesting that deregulation of its role in epithelia contributes to transformation. In human prostate cancer, matriptase expression correlates with progression. It is therefore of interest to determine how matriptase ...
Cattaruzza Lara - - 2011
Among the nonplatinum antitumor drugs, gold(III)-dithiocarbamato derivatives have recently attracted considerable attention due to their strong in vitro and in vivo antiproliferative activity and reduced renal toxicity. Some of them, namely [AuCl(2) (DMDT)] (compound 1) and [AuBr(2) (ESDT)] (compound 2), have shown to be highly active against the androgen-resistant prostate ...
Wu Lisa Y - - 2011
The enzyme-biomarker prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an emerging target for imaging and therapeutic applications for prostate cancer. However, the use of PSMA for detecting circulating prostate tumor cells remains under-explored. The present study focuses on the specific labeling of PSMA+ prostate cancer cells with a fluorescent PSMA inhibitor and ...
Li Ying-Wei - - 2011
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) plays an important role in the development and progression of breast cancer and thus the attenuation of ERα activities is a promising treatment strategy. Furanodienone is one of the main bioactive chemical components of Rhizoma Curcumae which is commonly used in Chinese medicine for the treatment ...
Gilbert Hamish T J - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests that intervertebral disc (IVD) cells derived from degenerative tissue are unable to respond to physiologically relevant mechanical stimuli in the 'normal' anabolic manner, but instead respond by increasing matrix catabolism. Understanding the nature of the biological processes which allow disc cells to sense and respond to mechanical ...
Li Xin X Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078, - - 2011
Prostate cancer cells commonly spread through the circulation, but few successfully generate metastatic foci in bone. Osteoclastic cellular activity has been proposed as an initiating event for skeletal metastasis. Megakaryocytes (MKs) inhibit osteoclastogenesis, which could have an impact on tumor establishment in bone. Given the location of mature MKs at ...
Sa-ngiamsuntorn Khanit K Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Prannok Road, Bangkoknoi, Bangkok 10700, - - 2011
The strenuous procurement of cultured human hepatocytes and their short lives have constrained the cell culture model of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) induction, xenobiotic biotransformation, and hepatotoxicity. The development of continuous non-tumorous cell line steadily containing hepatocyte phenotypes would substitute the primary hepatocytes for these studies. The hepatocyte-like cells have been ...
Loiarro Maria M Department of Public Health and Cell Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, - - 2011
Previous studies demonstrated that ST1959, a triazole derivative endowed with immunomodulatory activities, also exerts inhibitory effects on proliferation and survival of a panel of tumor cells. In this study, we sought to ascertain the effects of ST1959 on the growth of androgen-dependent and androgen-independent prostate cancer (PCa) cells. The growth ...
Karmakar Sudipan - - 2011
Elevated expression of steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3), a member of the p160 family of nuclear receptor coactivators, has been implicated in tamoxifen resistance of breast tumors while the involvement of the two other members of this family, SRC-1 and SRC-2, is less well characterized. In this study, using small interfering ...
Hong Yue - - 2011
The zinc metalloprotease, endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1), which converts the mitogenic peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) from its biologically inactive precursor big-ET-1, is commonly upregulated in prostate cancer (PC) cells. Consequently, we have sought to suppress ECE-1 expression by using RNAi as a potentially novel therapeutic approach. Therefore, a synthetic 64-nt short-hairpin RNA ...
Zhang Kai - - 2010
The tumor suppressor REIC/Dkk-3 is a secretory protein which was originally identified to be downregulated in human immortalized cells. In the present study, we investigated the expression pattern of REIC/Dkk-3 in various cell types to characterize its physiological functions. We first examined the expression level of REIC/Dkk-3 in a broad ...
Marchiani S - - 2010
The treatment of advanced prostate cancer (CaP) with androgen deprivation therapy inevitably renders the tumours castration resistant and incurable. Under these conditions, neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) of CaP cells occurs and neuropeptides released by neuroendocrine cells facilitate tumour progression. Pharmacological strategies aiming to prevent or delay NED during androgen ablation could, ...
Pettazzoni Piergiorgio - - 2011
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) are promising antineoplastic agents for the treatment of cancer. Here we report that the lipid peroxidation end product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) significantly potentiates the anti-tumor effects of the HDAC inhibitor panobinostat (LBH589) in the PC3 prostate cancer cell model. Panobinostat and HNE inhibited proliferation of PC3 cells ...
Quiros-Gonzalez Isabel - - 2011
An increase in neuroendocrine (NE) cell number has been associated with progression of prostate tumor, one of the most frequent cancers among Western males. We previously reported that mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) increases during the NE differentiation process. The goal of this study was to find whether MnSOD up-regulation ...
Wei Wei - - 2010
Keratinocytes migrating from a wound edge or initiating malignant invasion greatly increase their expression of the basement membrane protein Laminin-322 (Lam332). In culture, keratinocytes initiate sustained directional hypermotility when plated onto an incompletely processed form of Lam332 (Lam332') or when treated with transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), an inducer of ...
Parra Eduardo - - 2010
We have examined the effect of two small interference RNA against Jnk-1 and Jnk-2 in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7. The expression of the JNK-1 and JNK-2 is frequently elevated in breast cancer and is a frequent genetic abnormality in this malignancy. For a better understanding of its role ...
Lindholm Paul F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tissue factor (TF) is a cell surface glycoprotein intricately related to blood coagulation and inflammation. This study was performed to investigate the role of monocyte-lineage cells in prostate cancer cell TF expression and cell invasion. METHODS: Prostate cancer cell invasion was tested with and without added peripheral blood monocytes ...
Bokobza Sivan M - - 2010
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have long been implicated in the process of prostate cancer progression and bone metastasis. This current study investigates the role of GDF-9, a BMP member, in prostate cancer. GDF-9 was over-expressed in PC-3 cells using a mammalian expression construct. Additionally, GDF-9 ribozyme transgenes were generated in ...
Beer Michael L - - 2010
A stereoselective synthesis of closo carborane analogues of tamoxifen was developed where the products represent a new approach to developing metabolically robust SERMs. The A-ring found in the backbone of tamoxifen was replaced with an ortho carborane cluster; the product was determined to be the desired Z isomer, which showed ...
Hwang Jung Jin - - 2010
We evaluated the antitumor effects of docetaxel (Sigma®) and histone deacetylase inhibitors in hormone refractory prostate cancer cells, and analyzed the mechanism by which combination treatment induced cell death. We used LNCaP, DU145 and PC3 cells (ATCC®) to evaluate the in vitro apoptotic effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors and their ...
Yu Nengwang - - 2010
To elucidate the mechanism of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 overexpression in prostate cancer cells. Malignant (PC3, DU145) and benign (RWPE1, BPH1) prostate epithelial cells were used. Phosphatase activity was measured using a commercial kit. Recruitment of the regulatory subunit, Bα, of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A-Bα) by TGF-β type I receptor ...
Jäämaa Sari - - 2010
DNA damage response (DDR) pathways have been extensively studied in cancer cell lines and mouse models, but little is known about how DNA damage is recognized by different cell types in nonmalignant, slowly replicating human tissues. Here, we assess, using ex vivo cultures of human prostate tissue, DDR caused by ...
Sidana Abhinav - - 2011
Valproic Acid (VPA) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that holds promise for cancer therapy. Here, we investigate whether VPA treatment induces neuroendocrine differentiation of Prostate Cancer (PCa). A tissue microarray of VPA-treated and untreated tumor xenografts and cell lines of human PCa (LNCaP, C4-2, DU145, and PC-3) were generated and ...
Wu Shang-Ru - - 2010
Deregulation of both ErbB-2 signaling and matriptase activity has been associated with human prostate cancer (PCa) progression. In this communication, we investigated the roles of both ErbB-2 signaling in matriptase zymogen activation and matriptase in ErbB-2-induced PCa malignancy. In a human PCa cell progression model, we observed that advanced PCa ...
Jiang Yongtao - - 2010
Bufalin, a naturally occurring small-molecule compound from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Chansu showed inhibitory effects against human prostate, hepatocellular, endometrial and ovarian cancer cells, and leukemia cells. However, whether or not bufalin has inhibitory activity against the proliferation of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells is unclear. The aim ...
Ke Xi-song - - 2011
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is pivotal in tumor metastasis. Our previous work reported an EMT model based on primary prostate epithelial cells (EP156T) which gave rise to cells with mesenchymal phenotype (EPT1) without malignant transformation. To promote prostate cell transformation, cells were maintained in saturation density cultures to select ...
Gao Peng - - 2010
Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, has anticancer effect on many cancers associated with chronic inflammation by both COX-2-dependent and COX-2-independent mechanisms. The non-COX-2 targets of celecoxib, however, are still a matter of research. Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) has been implicated in prostate and colon carcinogenesis, but little is known about ...
Brauer Patrick M - - 2010
Protein tyrosine kinase 6 (PTK6) is an intracellular tyrosine kinase that is nuclear in epithelial cells of the normal prostate, but cytoplasmic in prostate tumors and in the PC3 prostate tumor cell line. The impact of altered PTK6 intracellular localization in prostate tumor cells has not been extensively explored. Knockdown ...
Marian Calin O - - 2011
The majority of established human prostate cancer cell lines are derived from metastatic lesions and are already tumorigenic in vivo, therefore immortalized normal prostate cell lines may provide a more relevant model to unveil the mechanisms associated with cancer progression and metastasis. PZ-HPV-7, an immortalized human prostate epithelial cell line ...
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