Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2035
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Ummanni Ramesh - - 2008
Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) is a protein found to be overexpressed in prostate and breast cancer due to gene amplification. However, its physiological function remains under investigation. In the present study, we investigated the response of the LNCaP human prostate carcinoma cell line to deregulation of TPD52 expression. Proteomic analysis ...
Koh Eui Kwan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of power frequency magnetic fields (MF) on cell growth in prostate cancer, DU145, PC3, and LNCaP cells were examined in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cells were exposed to various intensities and durations of 60-Hz sinusoidal MF in combination with various serum concentrations in the ...
Skvortsova Ira - - 2008
Radiation therapy plays an important role in the management of prostate carcinoma. However, the problem of radioresistance and molecular mechanisms by which prostate carcinoma cells overcome cytotoxic effects of radiation therapy remains to be elucidated. In order to investigate possible intracellular mechanisms underlying the prostate carcinoma recurrences after radiotherapy, we ...
Youm Yun Hee - - 2008
The present study compared the proteomic characteristics of a low passage number (L-33) and high passage number (H-81) LNCaP cell clone. Marked differences in protein expression were noted in the response of L-33 and H-81 cells to androgens. To investigate if regulation of these proteins was androgen-dependent, expression of the ...
Sun Z-J - - 2008
Cyr61 has been reported to participate in the development and progression of various cancers; however, its role in prostate cancer (PCa) still remains poorly understood. In this study, we explored the function of Cyr61 in a series of malignant PCa cell lines, including LnCap, Du145, and PC3. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) ...
Russo Alessandra - - 2009
Members of the family Anacardiaceae are known to contain a number of biologically active substances, such as phenolic lipids, alkyl-catechols and alkyl-resorcinols. In the present study, human cancer cell lines, DU-145 cells (androgen-insensitive prostate cancer cells), KB cells (human epidermoid cells), and human melanoma cell line, M14, were treated for ...
Ruiz-Ramos Ruben - - 2009
Epidemiological evidence has associated exposure to arsenic (As) in drinking water with an increased incidence of human cancers in the skin, bladder, liver, kidney and lung. Sodium arsenite mimics the effects of estradiol and induces cell proliferation in the estrogen responsive breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Therefore, our aim was ...
Yin Ping - - 2009
This study was to investigate the effect of phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a constituent of many edible cruciferous vegetables, on the expression of alpha- and beta-tubulins, which are the main components of microtubules in prostate cancer cells. Flow cytometry, light microscopy and western blot were used to study the cell cycle ...
Kim Su-Hwa - - 2009
Menthol, a naturally occurring compound from peppermint oil, binds and activates the TRPM8 Ca(2+)-permeable channel that exhibits abnormal expression patterns in prostate cancer, suggesting that TRPM8 links Ca(2+) transport pathways to tumor biology. We thus investigated the cellular responses of prostate cancer cells to menthol. Here we found that menthol ...
Shennan David B - - 2008
It has been suggested that system L (LAT1/CD98hc) is up-regulated in cancer cells, including breast tumour cells, and is therefore a promising molecular target to inhibit or limit tumour cell growth. In view of this, we have examined the effect of BCH and other inhibitors of system L on the ...
Chen Y - - 2008
Androgens have anabolic actions in skeletal muscle and could potentially act to: (a) increase proliferation of myoblasts; (b) delay differentiation to myotubes; and (c) induce protein accretion in post-proliferative myofibers. To identify the site of androgens action, we investigated the proliferative response of the C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line to ...
John Shali - - 2008
Beclin 1 is an essential mediator of autophagy and a regulator of cell growth and cell death. We examined the effect of Beclin 1 overexpression on the action of estradiol (E(2)) and two antiestrogens, raloxifene and 4-hydroxytamoxifen, in estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells. [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation studies showed ...
Bellezza I - - 2008
Cladribine, i.e.2-deoxy-Chloroadenosine is currently in use as chemotherapeutic agent in chronic lymphoid malignancies and pediatric acute myelogenous leukemia whereas the structurally related counterpart, 2-Chloroadenosine, has been less studied. Nevertheless, 2-Chloroadenosine has been shown to be capable of inducing apoptosis in several cell lines by acting either via adenosine receptors or ...
Wang Jun - - 2008
N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are a class of bioactive lipid molecules in animal tissues, including the endocannabinoid anandamide and the anti-inflammatory substance N-palmitoylethanolamine. Enzymatic hydrolysis of NAEs is considered to be an important step to regulate their endogenous levels. Lysosomal NAE-hydrolysing acid amidase (NAAA) as well as fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) ...
Chen Bin B , Department of Surgical Research Division of Molecular Medicine, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, California 91010, - - 2008
ERBB2 overexpression in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer cells such as BT474 (BT) cells has been found to confer resistance to tamoxifen, and suppression of ERBB2 improves the antiproliferative effects of tamoxifen. In this study, the responsiveness to tamoxifen in the BT/HerR, Herceptin-resistant BT cell lines established through constant Herceptin ...
Cheng Xian-Feng - - 2008
Kidney and prostate cancers are leading causes of death in the world, and accumulating evidence suggests that tumor suppressor gene, Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6), plays an important role in both the development and the progression of cancer. However, the effect of wild type KLF6 (wtKLF6) on the growth potential of ...
Kim Sang Woo - - 2008
trans-Stilbenes induce cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) inhibition and cell death. 2,4,3',5' tetramethoxystilbene (TMS), a synthetic trans-stilbene analog, induced apoptotic cell death in PC-3 prostate cancer cells, as evidenced by a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential. TMS-induced apoptosis was associated with an increase in the level of cell cycle inhibitor, ...
Sameni Mansoureh M Department of Pharmacology and Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2008
The ability of tumor cells to adhere to, migrate on, and remodel extracellular matrices is mediated by cell surface receptors such as beta1-integrins. Here we conducted functional live-cell imaging in real time to investigate the effects of modulating beta1-integrin expression and function on proteolytic remodeling of the extracellular matrix. Human ...
Kanda Shigeru - - 2009
PURPOSE: Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3 (PI3)-kinase pathway is attractive for cancer treatment. To examine the role of the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in the development of resistance to the treatment. METHODS: We cultured human prostate cancer cells (DU145 and PC-3 cells) and bladder cancer cells (EJ-1 and UM-UC-3 cells) ...
Bureyko T - - 2009
Integrins are transmembrane proteins that facilitate the interaction of cells with the extracellular environment. They have also been implicated in cancer progression. The effects of nutrients thought to be involved in the prevention of prostate cancer on integrin expression have not been determined. Prostate cancer cell lines representing a range ...
Fernando Herman S - - 2008
PURPOSE: WAVE1 belongs to the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome family of proteins, which have an integral part in cell motility, a crucial step in cancer metastasis. We investigated the expression pattern and the effects of manipulating endogenous WAVE1 expression in prostate cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: WAVE1 protein expression in normal and ...
Butterworth Karl T - - 2008
Hypoxia confers resistance to common cancer therapies, however, it has also has been shown to result in genetic alterations which may allow a survival advantage and increase the tumorigenic properties of cancer cells. Additionally, it may exert a selection pressure, allowing expansion of tumor cells with a more aggressive phenotype. ...
Haramis G - - 2008
Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is a receptor for nitric oxide that generates cGMP. This second messenger molecule has established roles in cellular physiology; however, less is known about its effects in tumour cells. The effects of 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) and 4H-8-bromo-1,2,4-oxadiazolo(3,4-d)benz(b)(1,4)oxazin-1-one (NS2028), both selective sGC inhibitors on proliferation, death and migration ...
Mitchell, Miguel O.
A tripartate prodrug of S-trityl-L-cysteine was synthesized and investigated for antiprostatic potency versus the free anticancer agent (S-trityl- L-cysteine) in PSA-secreting cells (LNCap) and non-PSA-secreting cells (PC3). The prodrug did not inhibit cell growth as much as S-trityl-Lcysteine itself was not selective for PSA-secreting cells, and did not release S-trityl-L-cysteine ...
Papadopoulou Natalia - - 2008
In this study we describe a novel Rho small GTPase dependent pathway that elicits apoptotic responses controlled by actin reorganization in hormone-sensitive LNCaP- and hormone insensitive DU145-prostate cancer cells stimulated with membrane androgen receptor selective agonists. Using an albumin-conjugated steroid, testosterone-BSA, we now show significant induction of actin polymerization and ...
Han Sung-Woong - - 2009
In this study, we have evaluated a sensor system for a hormonal drug effect in a single cell level using a novel low invasive single cell DNA delivery technology using a nanoneedle. An estrogen responsive GFP reporter vector (pEREGFP9) was constructed and its estrogenic response activity was confirmed in breast ...
Chaiswing Luksana - - 2008
We have examined the possible role of extracellular reduction-oxidation (redox) state in regulation of biological/biochemical features associated with prostate cancer cell invasion. DU145, PC-3, and RWPE1-derived human prostate cancer (WPE1-NB26) cell lines were used for the present in vitro analysis. Increasing levels of nitric oxide using S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine resulted in a ...
Hermann, Robert
Abstract Background As the majority of prostate cancers (PC) express estrogen receptors, we evaluated the combination of radiation and estrogenic stimulation (estrogen and genistein) on the radiosensitivity of PC cells in vitro. Methods PC cells LNCaP (androgen-sensitive) and PC-3 (androgen-independent) were evaluated. Estrogen receptor (ER) expression was analyzed by means ...
Deep Gagan - - 2008
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men; urgent measures are warranted to lower this deadly malignancy. Silymarin is a known cancer chemopreventive agent, but the relative anticancer efficacy of its constituents is still unknown. Here, we compared the efficacy of 7 pure flavonolignan compounds isolated ...
Inoue Takahiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hormonal therapy for advanced prostate cancer is typically effective at first, but almost all men suffer refractory disease which often is life threatening. The nuclear matrix comprises not only of the structural elements of the nucleus, but is associated with many components of the molecular machinery. Our aim is ...
Tsui Ke-Hung - - 2008
Previous studies have identified a subclone cell line (PC-J) which was isolated from a metastatic human prostate cell line, PC-3. In vitro matrigel invasion assays and xenograft animal studies suggested that matriptase was a putative metastatic gene in human prostate carcinoma cells. Although low metastatic prostate tumor cells, LNCaP, also ...
Begley L A LA Department of Urology and the Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Michigan, 6217 CCGC, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0944, - - 2008
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia or benign prostatic enlargement), is one of the most common benign proliferative conditions associated with aging in men and is pathologically characterized by the proliferation of fibroblast/myofibroblast and epithelial cell types in the prostate. Previous studies from our laboratory have ...
Kojima Keitaro - - 2008
SIRT1, which belongs to the family of type III histone deacetylase, is implicated in diverse cellular processes. We have determined the expression levels of SIRT1 in human prostate cancer cell lines and have examined the roles of SIRT1 in cell growth and chemoresistance. SIRT1 expression was markedly up-regulated in androgen-refractory ...
Qiao Ling - - 2008
We determined the molecular mechanism of inhibitory effect of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on the growth of human MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Our finding showed that beta-catenin was down-regulated in MCF-7 cells by conditioned media from Z3 hMSCs, and the expression level of dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) was higher in Z3 ...
Wang Xiaoying - - 2008
Analysis of promoter sequences of all known human cytotoxic endonucleases showed that endonuclease G (EndoG) is the only endonuclease that contains a CpG island, a segment of DNA with high G+C content and a site for methylation, in the promoter region. A comparison of three human prostate cancer cell lines ...
Horiguchi Akio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor gene product merlin is an important regulator of contact-dependent cell proliferation. Phosphorylation of merlin at serine 518 (Ser518) by the Rac effector p21-activated kinase (PAK) inactivates merlin's growth suppressing function, and is regulated by cell-culture conditions, including cell density, cell/substrate attachment, and growth ...
Alokail Majed S - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to compare the classical parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTH/PTHrP) receptors in MCF7 breast cancer cells with SaOS-2 osteosarcoma cell line. Quantitative binding showed that (125)I-PTHrP-1-34(Tyr) binds with a single binding site in both cells. However (125)I-PTHrP-1-34(Tyr) has higher affinity binding in MCF7 (K(D) ...
Lo Nigro Cristiana - - 2008
To evaluate the effects of the association between docetaxel and the somatostatin analogue lanreotide on the androgen-independent prostate cancer cell line PC3, either sensitive or made resistant to docetaxel (PC3R), as new drugs and new combinations have promising clinical activity in hormone-refractory prostate cancer. We examined the effect of docetaxel ...
Gravina Giovanni Luca - - 2008
BACKGROUND: About 20-30% of hormone-independent PCa are characterized by the extensive loss of AR expression that appears to occur at the transcriptional level. Treatment of AR-negative PCa cells with demethylating agents (Aza-CR) leads to expression of AR mRNA and protein. Here, we investigate the effect of Aza-CR administered both acutely ...
Matusik Robert J - - 2008
Androgen receptor (AR) within prostatic mesenchymal cells, with the absence of AR in the epithelium, is still sufficient to induce prostate development. AR in the luminal epithelium is required to express the secretory markers associated with differentiation. Nkx3.1 is expressed in the epithelium in early prostatic embryonic development and expression ...
Asbagh Layka A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effects of zoledronic acid (ZA) on tumor related growth factor IL-6 in hormone resistant prostate cancer cell lines. The association between apoptosis and IL-6 inhibition was also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PC-3 and DU145 cell lines were treated with different concentrations of ZA (1-100 microM) ...
Tsui Ke-Hung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that triiodothyronine (T3) and cognate nuclear receptors (hTR) are involved in regulation of prostatic cell growth and differentiation. To probe mechanisms for T3 effects, we studied prostate carcinoma cells, investigating the effect of T3 on expression of the B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2), which regulates the G1/S ...
Fukuta Katsuhiro - - 2008
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been reported to inhibit the development of colonic lesions in carcinogen-treated rats when administered orally. However, the precise mechanism for the chemopreventive activity of PEG remains largely elusive. Based on a characteristic feature of PEG as a 'fusogen', we investigated its potential as a chemotherapeutic agent ...
Mintz Akiva - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Recently [11C] or [18F] labeled choline has been developed as a promising tracer for cancer detection. However choline may not be best agent, as the development of in vivo 1H-decoupled, NOE-enhanced 31P- MRS enabled the resolution of the resonances of phosphorylethanolamine (PEt) and phosphorylcholine (PCho) peaks that normally overlap ...
Yang Jian Zhi - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the oestrogen receptor subtypes ERalpha and ERbeta in mediating the non-genomic effects of 17-beta-estradiol (E(2)) in two human endometrial cancer cell lines (RL95-2 and HEC-1A) expressing different levels of these receptor subtypes. Western blotting analysis using phosphorylation site-specific antibodies ...
Edwards Iris J - - 2008
Syndecan 1 is the major proteoglycan produced by epithelial cells. It is strategically localized at the plasma membrane to participate in growth factor signaling and cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Its expression may modulate the properties of epithelial lineage tumor cells in which it is generally down-regulated compared with nontumor progenitors. ...
Sun Bin - - 2008
The mechanisms by which Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)) mediates cell growth in p53-positive LNCaP and p53-negative PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines were studied. Exposure of cells to the iPLA(2) selective inhibitor bromoenol lactone (BEL; 0-20 microM) induced concentration- and time-dependent decreases in cell growth based on 3-(4, dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide staining ...
Li Ji-Kun - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effect and mechanism of blockade of the CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) signaling pathway by AMD3100, a small non-peptide CXCR4 inhibitor, on invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: Human colorectal cancer cell line SW480 was treated with AMD3100 at different final concentrations. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2.5-dipheny-ltetrazolium ...
Hozumi Isao - - 2008
Metallothionein-3 (MT-3), also known as growth inhibitory factor (GIF), was originally identified in the brain. An essential step in elucidating the potential roles of MT-3 is to evaluate its expression levels in organs other than the brain. In this present study, we carried out RT-PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses ...
Majid Shahana - - 2008
Genistein (4',5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone) is the most abundant isoflavone found in the soybean. The effects of genistein on various cancer cell lines have been extensively studied but the precise molecular mechanisms are not known. We report here the epigenetic mechanism of the action of genistein on androgen-sensitive (LNCaP) and androgen-insensitive (DuPro) human ...
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