Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2035
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Thomas Francis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Compelling evidence has accumulated for chemopreventive effects for the active component of green tea Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) particularly for prostate cancer (CaP). METHODS: We have assessed interactions between the effects of EGCG and two main regulators of prostate cell function, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I). Using LNCaP (androgen-sensitive), ...
Kisslinger Annamaria - - 2009
In cultured prostate cancer cells cAMP blocks proliferation and induces neuroendocrine differentiation. Pyk2 expression inversely correlates with malignancy of prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between cAMP and Pyk2 in the prostate. EPN cells, a line derived from human normal prostate expressing Pyk2, and ...
Shabbeer Shabana - - 2009
In recent years, various dietary components that can potentially be used for the prevention and treatment of cancer have been identified. In this study, we demonstrate that extract (FE) from the seeds of the plant Trigonella foenum graecum, commonly called fenugreek, are cytotoxic in vitro to a panel of cancer ...
Bhamre Suvarna - - 2009
Prostate cancer is thought to arise as a result of oxidative stresses and induction of antioxidant electrophile defense (phase 2) enzymes has been proposed as a prostate cancer prevention strategy. The isothiocyanate sulforaphane, derived from cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, potently induces surrogate markers of phase 2 enzyme activity in prostate ...
Harvey Tim J TJ School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester, - - 2009
In this paper we report on preliminary investigations into using Raman tweezers to classify urological cell lines. This builds on earlier work within the group, whereby Raman tweezer methodologies were developed, and the application of this technique to differentiate between live prostate cancer (CaP) and bladder cells lines (PC-3 and ...
Gebhardt Rolf - - 2009
Cadmium is a heavy metal of considerable environmental concern that causes liver damage. This study examined the possible prevention of cadmium toxicity in human HepG2 cells and primary rat hepatocytes by Hepeel(®), a combined preparation of tinctures from seven different plants. Hepeel(®) prevented cadmium chloride (CdCl(2))-induced cell death in both ...
Shang Donghao - - 2009
To determine the synergy of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC) and paclitaxel (PTX) against prostate carcinoma (PC) cells by isobolographic analysis. We demonstrated that DAC could significantly increase the susceptibility of PC cells to PTX, and confirmed the synergy of DAC and PTX. DAC enhanced the PTX induced up-regulation of caspase activity and ...
Pfeiffer Minja J - - 2010
Recent studies indicate the presence of a small, stem-like cell population in several human cancers that is crucial for the tumour (re)population. Six established prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines-DU145, DuCaP, LAPC-4, 22Rv1, LNCaP, and PC-3-were examined for their stem cell properties in vitro. The colony-forming efficiency and self-renewal ability of ...
Taylor Brad N - - 2009
Azurin, a member of the cupredoxin family of copper containing redox proteins, preferentially penetrates human cancer cells and exerts cytostatic and cytotoxic (apoptotic) effects with no apparent activity on normal cells. Amino acids 50 to 77 (p28) of azurin seem responsible for cellular penetration and at least part of the ...
Xie Wenjie - - 2009
MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells have a high invasive potential, yet the mechanisms involved are not known. This study showed that Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) was highly expressed in MDA-MB-231 cells and played a critical role in cell invasion. Compared with the poorly invasive MCF-7 cells, MDA-MB-231 cells expressed 10.5-fold more ...
Wang Xing - - 2009
Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a multidomain transmembrane endopeptidase with a major role in physiological and pathological processes through proteolysis of extracellular matrix and other pericellular proteins. We examined cell surface function of MT1-MMP in PC-3 human prostate tumor cells selected for metastasis in nude mice (PC-3-LN4), or transfected ...
Zhang Jingxian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hedgehog (Hh) signaling from the urogenital sinus (UGS) epithelium to the surrounding mesenchyme plays a critical role in regulating ductal formation and growth during prostate development. The primary cilium, a feature of most interphase vertebrate cell types, serves as a required localization domain for Hh signaling transducing proteins. RESULTS: ...
Filleur Stephanie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The gene encoding integrator complex subunit 6 (INTS6), previously known as deleted in cancer cells 1 (DICE1, OMIM 604331) was found to be frequently affected by allelic deletion and promoter hypermethylation in prostate cancer specimens and cell lines. A missense mutation has been detected in prostate cancer cell line ...
Fang Yu-Jing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that colon cancer is an estrogen-dependent carcinoma. This study explored the efficacy of endocrine therapy in colon cancer cells with high metastatic potential (HT29). We investigated the proliferation of HT29 cells after exposure to endocrine therapy (tamoxifen) and 5-FU. METHODS: Apoptosis was evaluated using flow ...
Clubbs Elizabeth A - - 2009
Increased consumption of soy and soy isoflavones is associated with a reduced risk for prostate cancer (PCa). PCa progression is characterized, in part, by a loss of luminal/basal epithelial differentiation; however, the effects of soy isoflavones on cellular differentiation in the prostate are unknown. The present study examined the effects ...
Swart J C - - 2009
Estrogenic endocrine disruptors (EDCs) have been identified in soil, food, air, and water, and may produce adverse health effects in both humans and wildlife. Various in vitro assays, including the E-screen that measures estrogen dependent proliferation of the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line, have been developed and implemented to ...
Gupta Seema - - 2009
Cryoablation is one of the established treatment modalities for prostate cancer management. Although, it is target specific, it may still lead to damage to the nerve fibers around the prostate tumor. In this study, by directly exposing the co-cultures of prostate cancer cells, PC-3 and Schwann cell-Dorsal Root Ganglion neuron ...
Kourtidis Antonis - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Accumulation of fatty acids and neutral lipids in nonadipose tissues is cytotoxic. We recently showed that ERBB2-positive breast cancer cells produce significantly high amounts of fats, because of overexpression of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma-binding protein and the nuclear receptor NR1D1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group D, member 1; ...
Chesnokov Viktor - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Glucosamine is known as a toxic agent for several malignant cell lines and transplanted tumors with little toxicity to normal host tissues. However, the mechanisms underlying anticancer activity of glucosamine are poorly understood. To study the mechanisms, the human prostate cancer DU145 cells were used for the model. RESULTS: ...
Zhao Rui - - 2009
Combination of chemopreventive agents with distinct molecular mechanisms is considered to offer a potential for enhancing cancer prevention efficacy while minimizing toxicity. Here we report two chemopreventive agents, selenite and genistein, that have synergistic effects on apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and associated signaling pathways in p53-expressing LNCaP and p53-null PC3 ...
Luqmani Y A - - 2009
To establish a model of endocrine resistant breast cancer that is associated with loss of estrogen receptor (ER), MCF7 cells were transfected with several plasmid constructs intended to produce intracellular double stranded hairpin RNA to be processed into siRNA directed against different regions of the ERalpha mRNA. Stably transformed cells ...
Kim Sujeong - - 2009
A series of epoxy- and/or 20-oxime pregnanes were synthesized from commercially available pregnenolone. Compounds 1, 3, 7, 8 and 11-13 were evaluated for cytotoxicity activity towards LNCaP (androgen-dependent) and PC-3 (androgen-independent) prostate cancer cells. Compound 13 showed the highest activity on both LNCaP (IC(50) 15.17 microM) and PC-3 (IC(50) 11.83 ...
Zhang Shuming - - 2009
After prostate cancer cells (PCa) arrive in bone, interactions with cells that include long bone osteoblasts (LBOB) and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) lead to metastasis formation. The effect of heterotypic cell-cell contact between PCa cells and BMSC or LBOB on PCa cell gene expression is poorly understood. To establish ...
Kang Tae Jin - - 2009
Oxypeucedanin has been reported to have various biological activities. We investigated the efficacy of a coumarin compound, oxypeucedanin, from Ostericum koreanum against the human prostate carcinoma cell line DU145. Oxypeucedanin (C(16)H(14)O(5), mw: 286) was isolated through silica gel chromatography and characterized by NMR. The cells were treated with oxypeucedanin (25, ...
KandaƟ Nur Ozten - - 2009
We examined the hypothesis that nontoxic concentrations of selenium induce apoptosis and growth inhibition selectively in prostate cancer cells but not in benign prostate cells. Nontumorigenic BPH-1 prostate epithelial cells, androgen-sensitive LNCaP, and androgen-independent PC-3 prostate cancer cells were exposed to sodium selenite at 1 to 10 micromol/l for 24 ...
Li Huaifu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Increased serum level of parathyroid hormone (PTH) was found in metastatic prostate cancers. Calcimimetic R-568 was reported to reduce PTH expression, to suppress cell proliferation and to induce apoptosis in parathyroid cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of R-568 on cellular survival of prostate cancer cells. METHODS: ...
Kanaan Yasmine M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women today. A number of 1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives have been found to possess significant pharmacological effects associated with marked antimicrobial and antitumor activities. In the present study, the in vitro effect of 2,3-dichloro-5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (DCDMNQ) ...
Wong Patrick S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent reports indicate the existence of breast cancer cells expressing very high levels of the Arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ubiquitous intracellular receptor best known for mediating toxic action of dioxin and related pollutants. Positive correlation between the degree of AhR overexpression and states of increasing transformation of mammary epithelial ...
Meng Yuanguang - - 2009
Oncogenesis in breast cancer is often associated with excess estrogen receptor alpha(ERalpha) activation and overexpression of its coactivators. LRP16 is both an ERalpha target gene and an ERalpha coactivator, and plays a crucial role in ERalpha activation and proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. However, the regulation of the functional ...
Inbar-Rozensal Dana - - 2009
PARP-1 (polyADP-ribose polymerase-1) is known to be activated in response to DNA damage, and activated PARP-1 promotes DNA repair. However, a recently disclosed alternative mechanism of PARP-1 activation by phosphorylated externally regulated kinase (ERK) implicates PARP-1 in a vast number of signal-transduction networks in the cell. Here, PARP-1 activation was ...
Singh Rajendra K - - 2009
The progression of all cancers is characterized by increased-cell proliferation and decreased-apoptosis. The androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC) is the terminal stage of the disease. Many chemokines and cytokines are suspects to cause this increased tumor cell survival that ultimately leads to resistance to therapy and demise of the host. The ...
Klarmann George J - - 2009
Development of metastasis is a leading cause of cancer-induced death. Acquisition of an invasive tumor cell phenotype suggests loss of cell adhesion and basement membrane breakdown during a process termed epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Recently, cancer stem cells (CSC) were discovered to mediate solid tumor initiation and progression. Prostate CSCs are ...
Korsten Hanneke - - 2009
The PSA-Cre;Pten-loxP/loxP mouse prostate cancer model displays clearly defined stages of hyperplasia and cancer. Here, the initial stages of hyperplasia development are studied. Immunohistochemical staining showed that accumulated pAkt+ hyperplastic cells overexpress luminal epithelial cell marker CK8, and progenitor cell markers CK19 and Sca-1, but not basal epithelial cell markers. ...
Sabbisetti Venkata - - 2009
There is increasing evidence that p63, and specifically DeltaNp63, plays a central role in both development and tumorigenesis by promoting epithelial cell survival. However, few studies have addressed the molecular mechanisms through which such important function is exerted. Fatty acid synthase (FASN), a key enzyme that synthesizes long-chain fatty acids ...
Tan Huining - - 2009
Estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) is essential for mammary gland development and is a major oncogene in breast cancer. Since ERalpha is not colocalized with the cell proliferation marker Ki-67 in the normal mammary glands and the majority of primary breast tumors, it is generally believed that paracrine regulation is involved in ...
Ogawa Takumi - - 2009
p-Carborane bisphenols and their derivatives were prepared and evaluated for binding affinity to estrogen receptor alpha. Their estrogenic activity was evaluated by means of transcriptional assay and cell proliferation assay using MCF-7 cell lines. 1,12-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,12-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane 4a showed potent estrogenic activity, approaching that of 17beta-estradiol, in transactivation assay. The activity of ...
Yu Sheng-Qiang - - 2009
The androgen receptor (AR) plays an important role in the development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). Androgen deprivation therapy is initially effective in blocking tumor growth, but it eventually leads to the hormone-refractory state. The detailed mechanisms of the conversion from androgen dependence to androgen independence remain unclear. Several ...
Kapur P - - 2009
AIM OF THE STUDY: Recently, Tinospora cordifolia (TC) was shown to affect prostate growth in rats. It is not known whether this is a direct effect of TC or whether it is induced by altered hormone release. To investigate the actions of TC on the prostate, human LNCaP cells were ...
Pearson J F - - 2009
There are two predominant theories for lumen formation in tissue morphogenesis: cavitation driven by cell death, and membrane separation driven by epithelial polarity. To define the mechanism of lumen formation in prostate acini, we examined both theories in several cell lines grown in three-dimensional (3D) Matrigel culture. Lumen formation occurred ...
Xu Hui - - 2008
Environmental estrogenic endocrine disruptors are a health concern. Here we constructed a dual cell-line green fluorescence protein (GFP) expression system to identify and study endocrine disrupting compounds with activities of estrogen receptor agonists or antagonists. Human breast cancer MCF-7 cells and endometrial carcinoma Ishikawa cells were infected with a two ...
Schiewer M J - - 2009
Regulation of the androgen receptor (AR) is critical to prostate cancer (PCa) development; therefore, AR is the first line therapeutic target for disseminated tumors. Cell cycle-dependent accumulation of cyclin D1 negatively modulates the transcriptional regulation of AR through discrete, CDK4-independent mechanisms. The transcriptional corepressor function of cyclin D1 resides within ...
Tang Yue-Qing - - 2009
Post-translational degradation of protein plays an important role in cell life. We employed chimeric molecules (dihydrotestosterone-based proteolysis-targeting chimeric molecule [DHT-PROTAC]) to facilitate androgen receptor (AR) degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP) and to investigate the role of AR in cell proliferation and viability in androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cells. Western blot ...
Aalinkeel Ravikumar - - 2008
Human and animal studies have suggested that diet-derived flavonoids, in particular quercetin may play a beneficial role by preventing or inhibiting oncogenesis, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect(s) of quercetin on normal and malignant prostate cells and to identify the ...
Vander Griend Donald J - - 2008
Resolving the specific cell of origin for prostate cancer is critical to define rational targets for therapeutic intervention and requires the isolation and characterization of both normal human prostate stem cells and prostate cancer-initiating cells (CIC). Single epithelial cells from fresh normal human prostate tissue and prostate epithelial cell (PrEC) ...
Yaqinuddin Ahmed - - 2008
Alterations in genomic CpG methylation patterns have been found to be associated with cell transformation and neoplasia. Although it is recognized that methylation of CpG residues negatively regulates gene expression, how the various MBPs (methyl-binding proteins) contribute to this process remains elusive. To determine whether the two well characterized proteins ...
Yu Ching-Han - - 2008
Prostate cancer has its highest incidence in the USA and is becoming a major concern in Asian countries. Bufadienolides are extracts of toxic glands from toads and are used as anticancer agents, mainly on leukemia cells. In the present study, the antiproliferative and apoptotic mechanisms of bufalin and cinobufagin on ...
Pickard Mark R MR Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine, Keele University, Keele, United - - 2009
Because apoptotic evasion is a central feature of prostate cancer, there is an urgent need for increased understanding of the key regulatory molecules that control the life/death decision of prostate cells. Functional expression cloning permits the isolation of genes that control the rate-limiting steps of cell death and offers a ...
Huang XiaoDong - - 2008
Dynamic modulation of cell adhesion is integral to a wide range of biological processes. The small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rap1 is an important regulator of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions. We show here that induced expression of activated Abl tyrosine kinase reduces Rap1-GTP levels through phosphorylation of Tyr221 of CrkII, which ...
Alarmo Emma-Leena - - 2009
Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) is a signaling molecule originally identified based on its ability to form bone. It is essential during development, and more recently has also been implicated in cancer pathogenesis. We have recently shown that BMP7 is overexpressed in breast cancer, and that this increased expression is ...
Rowehl Rebecca A - - 2008
Tumor-initiating or cancer stem cells (CSCs) were recently isolated from all major human cancers, including prostate cancer. However, the extreme heterogeneity of tumor cells in terms of biological behavior and gene expression patterns and difficulties isolating a pure population of CSCs from tumor tissues significantly impede a comparative analysis of ...
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