Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2035
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Goodyear S M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reports indicate that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor type 3 (VEGFR3) regulates cellular functions such as invasion, proliferation, and chemo-resistance. However, the exact function of the VEGFR3 signaling axis in prostate epithelial cells is poorly characterized. METHODS: The goal of this study was to evaluate whether TGFbeta1 in combination ...
Huang Yi-Wen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acquisition of metastatic ability by prostatic cancer cells is the most lethal aspect of prostatic cancer progression. (-)-Gossypol, a polyphenolic compound present in cottonseeds, possesses anti-proliferative and proapoptotic effects in various cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the differences between MAT-LyLu, rat prostate cancer cells, with a ...
Akamatsu Kanako - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ion channel modulators have been previously associated with cell proliferation and cell death in human cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of riluzole, an ion channel modulator, on cell proliferation, apoptosis and the apoptotic pathway in the LNCaP and C4-2 prostate cancer cell lines were investigated. RESULTS: ...
Nkhata Katai J - - 2009
Obesity is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer (BC), but the specific mechanisms for this relationship are not well understood. Studies on adipocyte-derived adiponectin and leptin reveal opposing effects on BC cell proliferation in vitro, suggesting they may play a role in BC pathogenesis. In the current study we ...
Miyake Asako - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common gynecological benign tumor and greatly affect reproductive health and well-being. They are the predominant indication for hysterectomy in premenopausal women. Current epidemiological study reported that soy products intake is inversely associated with diseases leading to hysterectomy. Genistein is a soy-derived phytoestrogen and its ...
Chang Chi-Lun - - 2009
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a platelet- and endothelial cell-released lysophospholipid that regulates various cellular functions through activating a specific family of G protein-coupled receptors. Both platelet activation and angiogenesis play important roles in cancer development, implying that cancer cells might encounter a large amount of S1P during these processes. Cancer ...
Khwaja Fatima S - - 2009
The p75(NTR) functions as a tumor suppressor in prostate epithelial cells, where its expression declines with progression to malignant cancer. Previously, we showed that treatment with the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin, induced p75(NTR) expression in the T24 cancer cell line leading to p75(NTR)-mediated decreased survival. Utilizing the indole moiety of ...
Bailey Candice L CL Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710-3813, - - 2009
Elucidating the mechanisms of prostate cancer (CaP) survival and metastasis are critical to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets. The monomeric G protein Rap1 has been implicated in cancer tumorigenesis. Rap1 signals to pathways involved in cell adhesion, migration, and survival, suggesting Rap1 may promote several processes associated with cancer ...
Hershberger Pamela A PA University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2009
In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, 17beta-estradiol increases transcription, activates MAPK, and stimulates proliferation. We hypothesize that estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) mediates these responses because it, but not ERalpha, is detected in our NSCLC cell lines. To test this, we determined the effects of the ERbeta-selective agonists genistein (GEN) ...
Goodyear S M - - 2009
The CD133(hi) sub-population of prostate epithelial cells has been demonstrated to possess tumor-initiating capacity consistent with that of the cancer stem cell theory. However, the involvement of oncogenes such as c-myc has not been fully elucidated in the CD133(hi) sub-population. We have isolated primary prostate cell strains (IBC-10a) and immortalized ...
Vivar Omar I OI Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, 119 Morgan Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2009
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM) is a potential chemopreventive phytochemical derived from Brassica vegetables. In this study we characterized the effect of DIM on cell cycle regulation in both androgen-dependent LNCaP and androgen receptor negative p53 mutant DU145 human prostate cancer cells. DIM had an anti-proliferative effect on both LNCaP and DU145 cells, ...
Dovio Andrea - - 2009
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely used for the treatment of hormone refractory prostate cancer. However, few data are available on the expression and regulation of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors (GR and MR) and 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) 1 and -2 activities in prostate cancer cells. Here we show that GR is expressed ...
Matsuo Yoichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interleukin (IL)-1alpha plays an important role in colon cancer progression and angiogenesis. We here asked whether IL-1alpha derived from cancer cells modulates vascular endothelial cell growth, migration and tubule formation. METHODS: The existence of IL-1alpha mRNA and protein in colon cancer cell lines (WiDr, HT-29, Caco-2, COLO ...
Choi Myoung Suk - - 2009
Berberine has anti-tumor properties in some cancer cells including prostate cancer, but the exact mechanisms and in vivo effects are unclear. We investigated anti-cancer activity of berberine in vitro and in vivo, and possible mechanisms in prostate cancer cells. Berberine treatment inhibited cell cancer growth in a concentration (0-50 microM) ...
Piantino Camila B - - 2009
The aim of our study is to investigate the anti-neoplastic effect of curcumin in prostate cancer cell lines. Specifically, we are using the LNCaP cell line and another prostate cell line developed in our laboratory, PcBra1. The PcBra1 cells were derived from a localized, obstructive prostate cancer with a Gleason ...
G?mez Vicente - - 2009
The interactions between steroid and nonsteroid hormones in the prostate are of special interest during the growth phase of the gland. The purpose of this work is to study the influence of prolactin (PL), with or without androgenic blockade, on epithelial cells from peripubertal rat ventral prostate. Twenty male peripubertal ...
Zagana Paraskevi - - 2009
Sonicated arsonoliposomes were prepared using arsonolipid with palmitic acid acyl chain (C16), mixed with phosphatidylcholine (PC)-based or 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC)-based, and cholesterol (Chol) with C16/DSPC/Chol 8:12:10 molar ratio. PEG-lipid (1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine conjugated to polyethylenoglycol 2000) containing vesicles (PEGylated-arsonoliposomes; PC-based and DSPC-based) were also prepared. The cytotoxicity of these arsonoliposomes towards different cancer ...
Liu Chi-Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: KMUP-1 has been suggested to be beneficial in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. This study is aimed to further investigate whether KMUP-1 and doxazosin prevent from prostate cancer cell growth via androgen-dependent and -independent pathway in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: KMUP-1 was measured the activity on proliferation, ...
Wang Ping - - 2009
Prostate cancer (PC), which responds well to androgen ablation initially, invariably progresses to treatment resistance. The so-called androgen-independent PC is also a concern, since there is no effective therapy so far. Nkx3.1 is a putative prostate tumor suppressor that is expressed exclusively in the prostate under the regulation of androgen, ...
Wiedemann Christine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of oral estrogen-progestogen contraceptives may cause melasma, an epidermal hyperpigmentation in sun-exposed areas of the face. It is assumed that elevated estrogen levels lead to the activation of melanocytes, while the role of the gestagen component of contraceptives in pigmentation remains unclear and may vary between the ...
Fernando Herman S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome verprolin-homologous 3 (WAVE3) belongs to Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome family proteins (WASP), which, along with other members, play a critical role in the regulation of actin polymerization and cell motility. We investigated the expression pattern and the effects of manipulating endogenous WAVE3 expression in prostate cancer cells. MATERIALS AND ...
Harvey T J TJ School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, University of Manchester, 131 Princess Street, Manchester, UK M1 - - 2009
In this study we obtained Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of fixed prostate cell lines of differing types as well as the primary epithelial cells from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Results showed that by using multivariate chemometric analysis it was possible to discriminate and classify these cell lines, which gave ...
Brunelli Elisa - - 2009
The activity of 8-prenylapigenin (8-PA) and its 3'-methoxylated analogue isocannflavin B (IsoB) was investigated in estrogen-dependent T47-D and estrogen-independent MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines. 8-PA showed a biphasic effect on T47-D cell proliferation, while no significant effect was observed on MDA-MB-231 cells. Conversely, IsoB exhibited only an inhibitory effect ...
Simanainen Ulla - - 2009
Postnatal inactivation of epithelial androgen receptor (AR) in prostate epithelial AR knockout (PEARKO) mice results in hindered differentiation but enhanced proliferation of epithelial cells. As this resembles the precancerous proliferative atrophy of human prostates with undifferentiated but intensively replicating epithelial cells, we utilized the PEARKO mice to characterize the epithelial ...
Sims Jonathan T JT Department of Molecular and Biomedical Pharmacology, 209 Combs Research Building, University of Kentucky School of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536, - - 2009
Previously, we demonstrated that Abl kinases are highly active in invasive breast cancer cell lines, and contribute to survival in response to nutrient deprivation, invasion and proliferation. To determine whether an Abl kinase inhibitor, STI571 (Gleevec; imatinib mesylate) sensitizes breast cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents, we treated three breast cancer ...
Trauger R - - 2009
Androst-5-ene-3beta, 17beta-diol (AED) is an adrenal hormone that has been reported to sustain prostate cancer growth after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). LNCaP cells express a mutated androgen receptor that confers the ability to respond not only to androgen but also to oestrogen and adrenal hormones such as AED, and thus ...
Sun Tong - - 2009
Androgen-dependent prostate cancer typically progresses to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) after the androgen deprivation therapy. MicroRNAs (miR) are noncoding small RNAs (19-25nt) that play an important role in the regulation of gene expression. Recent studies have shown that miR expression patterns are significantly different in normal and neoplastic prostate epithelial ...
Zhou J J Department of Biochemistry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2009
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) serves as a fuel-sensing enzyme that is activated by binding of AMP and subsequent phophorylation by upstream kinases such as the tumor suppressor LKB1, when cells sense an increase in the ratio of AMP to ATP. Acute activation of AMPK stimulates fatty acid oxidation to generate ...
Miyakoshi Takashi - - 2009
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a monomer use in manufacturing a wide range of chemical products which include epoxy resins and polycarbonate. It has been reported that BPA increases the cell proliferation activity of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells as well as 17-beta estradiol (E2) and diethylstilbestrol (DES). However, BPA induces ...
Sidorkiewicz MaƂgorzata - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recently, the involvement of the renin-angiotensin system in the proliferation of prostate cancer has been suggested. There is increasing evidence that angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) is expressed in a variety of cancer cells and tissues and may have a role in tumor growth, angiogenesis, and invasive activity ...
Chakraborty Ashok K - - 2010
The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF1R) interacts with estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) and HER2. We examined the effect of combinations of IGF1R antagonists (alpha-IR3, AG1024) and anti-estrogens (4-hydroxy tamoxifen, fulvestrant) in two human ER+ breast cancer cell lines: BT474 (HER2 overexpressing, IGF1R low) and MCF7 (HER2 non-overexpressing, IGF1R high). In ...
Tsai Tsuimin - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The mechanisms of photodynamic therapy (PDT) have been studied on the cellular and tissue levels. However, the cellular behaviors of cancer cells survived from PDT are still not clear. This study attempted to investigate the influence of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-based PDT on the invasion ability as well ...
Tanaka Tomoaki - - 2009
Bisphosphonates are strong inhibitors of osteoclastic bone resorption in both benign and malignant bone diseases. The nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs) have strong cytotoxicity via inhibition of protein prenylation in the mevalonate pathway, and also demonstrate direct cytostatic and proapoptotic effects on prostate cancer cells. We confirmed the usefulness of a co-culture ...
Simon Derek P - - 2009
Mutational changes coupled with endocrine, paracrine, and/or autocrine signals regulate cell division during carcinogenesis. The hormone signals remain undefined, although the absolute requirement in vitro for fetal serum indicates the necessity for a fetal serum factor(s) in cell proliferation. Using prostatic cancer cell (PCC) lines as a model of cancer ...
Win H Y HY Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, - - 2009
Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of death among men in the USA. In this study, we investigated the role of atypical protein kinase C-iota (PKC-iota) in androgen independent prostate DU-145 carcinoma cellscompared to transformed non-malignant prostate RWPE-1 cells. Western blotting and immunoprecipitations demonstrated that PKC-iotaisassociated with cyclin-dependent ...
DeHaan Alyse M AM Department of Urology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0654, - - 2009
Bone metastasis occurs frequently in advanced prostate cancer (PCa) patients; however, it is not known why this happens. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligand EGF is available to early stage PCa; whereas, TGF-alpha is available when PCa metastasizes. Since the microenvironment of metastases has been shown to play a ...
Bommareddy Ajay A Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, and University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) is a promising cancer chemopreventive agent but the mechanism of its anticancer effect is not fully understood. We now show, for the first time, that PEITC treatment triggers Atg5-dependent autophagic and apoptotic cell death in human prostate cancer cells. Exposure of PC-3 (androgen independent, p53 null) and ...
Yang Junguo - - 2009
Green tea and its major constituent epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) are known for their chemopreventive effects including those against prostate cancer, which could be mediated by metal ions. Zn(2+) is an essential trace element that is required for human health and plays an important role in the normal function of the ...
Wang Bai Fu - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to determine the antiproliferation effect of prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP and PC-3 as affected by 4 isoflavone fractions prepared from soybean cake and isoflavone standards genistein and daidzein. With the MTT test, most treatments were effective in inhibiting prostate cancer cell growth at ...
Azuma Kotaro - - 2009
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) is a nuclear receptor that functions as a ligand-activated transcription factor. Besides its genomic action in nuclei, ERalpha could exert nongenomic actions at the plasma membrane. To investigate the mechanism underlying the nongenomic action of ERalpha in breast cancer cells, we generated a construct of membrane-targeted ...
Yu Shan - - 2009
In this study, we developed a human prostatic epithelial cell line BPH-1-AR stably expressing AR by lentiviral transduction. Characterization by immunoblot and RT-PCR showed that AR was stably expressed in all representative BPH-1-AR clones. Androgen treatment induced a secretory differentiation phenotype in BPH-1-AR cells but suppressed their cell proliferation. Treatments ...
Kultti Anne - - 2009
Hyaluronan accumulation on cancer cells and their surrounding stroma predicts an unfavourable disease outcome, suggesting that hyaluronan enhances tumor growth and spreading. 4-Methylumbelliferone (4-MU) inhibits hyaluronan synthesis and retards cancer spreading in experimental animals through mechanisms not fully understood. These mechanisms were studied in A2058 melanoma cells, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-361 ...
Ellfolk Maria M Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, University of Uppsala, - - 2009
In this study, we examined whether 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (calcitriol), phenobarbital, and the antiretroviral drug efavirenz, drugs used by patient groups with high incidence of low bone mineral density, could affect the 25-hydroxylase activity or expression of human 25-hydroxylases in dermal fibroblasts and prostate cancer LNCaP cells. Fibroblasts express the 25-hydroxylating ...
Khosrokhavar Roya - - 2009
Zearalenone (Zen) is a mycotoxin with estrogenic effect which contaminates cereals. In cell culture, Zen and its metabolite, alpha-Zearalenol (alpha-Zel), stimulate breast cancer cells growth. Today hormone-dependent cancers are important because of high incidence and death rate. Previous studies showed that Zen and alpha-Zel have an effect on hormone-dependent cancers. ...
Shah Girish V - - 2009
Expression of calcitonin (CT) and its receptor (CTR) is elevated in advanced prostate cancer, and activated CT-CTR autocrine axis plays a pivotal role in tumorigenicity and metastatic potential of multiple prostate cancer cell lines. Recent studies suggest that CT promotes prostate cancer metastasis by reducing cell-cell adhesion through the disassembly ...
Drake Justin M - - 2009
Metastatic colonization involves cancer cell lodgment or adherence in the microvasculature and subsequent migration of those cells across the endothelium into a secondary organ site. To study this process further, we analyzed transendothelial migration of human PC-3 prostate cancer cells in vitro. We isolated a subpopulation of cells, TEM4-18, that ...
Misra U K - - 2009
Receptor-recognized forms of alpha(2)-macroglobulin (alpha(2)M*) bind to cell surface-associated GRP78 and induce proliferative and survival signaling in prostate cancer cells. As part of the cellular response to alpha(2)M*, GRP78 expression is itself upregulated. In response to other stimuli, the transcription factor TFII-I upregulates GRP78 by binding to its gene promoter. ...
Passer B J BJ Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2009
Genetically engineered oncolytic herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) vectors selectively replicate in tumor cells causing direct killing whereas sparing normal cells. One clinical limitation of using oncolytic HSV vectors is their attenuated growth. We hypothesized that the appropriately chosen chemotherapeutic agent combined with an oncolytic HSV could be an effective means ...
Takeda Shuso - - 2009
Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC), a major constituent of marijuana, has been shown to stimulate the growth of MCF-7 breast cancer cells through cannabinoid receptor-independent signaling [Takeda, S., Yamaori, S., Motoya, E., Matsunaga, T., Kimura, T., Yamamoto, I., Watanabe, K., 2008. Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol enhances MCF-7 cell proliferation via cannabinoid receptor-independent signaling. Toxicology 245, 141-146]. ...
Erten Cigdem - - 2009
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of combined treatment with docetaxel and octreotide, a somatostatin analogue, on human hormone- and drug-refractory prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and DU-145, and on some growth factors related to tumour growth and angiogenesis in prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cell proliferation assay was used ...
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