Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2035
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Quirós Isabel - - 2009
Despite improvements in diagnosis of advanced prostate cancer (PCa), treatment is not efficient and 5-year survival is still low. Initially, the less abundant of cell types, neuroendocrine cells (NE), are involved in regulatory process but their physiological role is not fully understood. Among others, an increase in NE cells along ...
Vander Griend Donald J DJ Chemical Therapeutics Program, The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, - - 2009
Recombinant xenografts of human cells growing in immunocompromised rodents are widely used for studying stem cell biology, tumor biology, and epithelial to mesenchyme transitions. Of critical importance is the correct interpretation of the cellular composition of such xenografts. Here we present a rapid and robust method employing protein nucleic acid ...
Greupink Rick - - 2009
PURPOSE: We investigate radio-labeling and pharmacokinetics of a new AnnexinA5 variant (HYNIC-cys-AnxA5) and then assess its utility for the non-invasive detection of cell death in liver, spleen and prostate. METHODS: AnnexinA5 binds to phosphatidylserine expressed on the surface of apoptotic and necrotic cells. Contrary to other AnnexinA5 variants, the new ...
Yoneda Misao - - 2010
Rho family protein regulates variety of cellular functions as cytoskeletal organization, cell proliferation and apoptosis. In the present study, we demonstrate that RhoB-overexpressed prostate cancer cells showed an enhanced cell motility and the administration of the GSK-3 inhibitors inhibited this increase in migration. Among the extracellular matrix and adhesion-related molecules, ...
Yo Yi-Te - - 2009
Licorice is a common Chinese medicinal herb with antitumor activity. Some components in licorice root have been shown to induce cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in cancer cells. This paper demonstrates for the first time that licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra and its component licochalcone-A (LA) can induce autophagy in addition to ...
Götte Martin - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone (T) is a therapeutic option for women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder. T may have an impact on the mammary gland by altering local estrogen synthesis. The aim of the present study was to measure the effect of T on estrone-sulfate (E1S)-sulfatase (STS) expression, and activity using hormone-dependent ...
Bambang I Fon - - 2009
Endoplasmic reticulum protein 29 (ERp29) is a novel endoplasmic reticulum (ER) secretion factor that facilitates the transport of secretory proteins in the early secretory pathway. Recently, it was found to be overexpressed in several cancers; however, little is known regarding its function in breast cancer progression. In this study, we ...
Hsieh Tze-Chen - - 2009
Resveratrol is a dietary polyphenol espoused to have chemopreventive activity against a variety of human cancer types. We first reported that resveratrol significantly decreases the proliferation of both androgen-dependent and hormone-refractory prostate cancer cells. However, the effects of resveratrol in normal prostate epithelial and stromal cells, particularly with regard to ...
Romero Diana - - 2010
Endoglin, a transmembrane glycoprotein that acts as a transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) coreceptor, is downregulated in PC3-M metastatic prostate cancer cells. When restored, endoglin expression in PC3-M cells inhibits cell migration in vitro and attenuates the tumorigenicity of PC3-M cells in SCID mice, though the mechanism of endoglin regulation of ...
McCoy Ryan - - 2009
Whole cell therapy is showing potential in the clinic for the treatment of many chronic diseases. The translation of laboratory-scale methods for cell harvesting and formulation to commercial-scale manufacturing offers major bioprocessing challenges. This is especially the case when the cell properties determine the final product effectiveness. This study is ...
Dharmasiri Udara - - 2009
Prostate tumor cells over-express a prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) that can be used as a marker to select these cells from highly heterogeneous clinical samples, even when found in low abundance. Antibodies and aptamers have been developed that specifically bind to PSMA. In this study, anti-PSMA aptamers were immobilized onto ...
Sreeja Sreekumar - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Boerhaavia diffusa L. (Nyctinaceae) is a plant of tropical region used in Indian traditional medicine for the treatment of human ailments including abdominal tumor, jaundice, dyspepsia, menstrual disorders, etc. This plant also has antilymphoproliferative, antimetastatic and immunomodulatory effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to assess the ...
Allred Kimberly F - - 2009
Drinking coffee has been associated with the development of several endocrine-related cancers. The interpretation of these data has often been limited to the role that caffeine plays. Trigonelline (Trig), a niacin-related compound, is a natural constituent of coffee accounting for approximately 1% dry matter in roasted beans. Studies exploring the ...
Fung Andrea S - - 2009
Optimal scheduling of cycle-active chemotherapy with (initially cytostatic) molecular-targeted agents is important to maximize clinical benefit. Concurrent scheduling might allow up-regulation of cell death pathways at the time of chemotherapy, whereas sequential treatments might maximize inhibition of repopulation and avoid putting tumor cells out of cycle when administering cycle-active chemotherapy. ...
Zhang Yi - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shu-Gan-Liang-Xue Decoction (SGLXD), a cipher prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to ameliorate hot flushes symptom in breast cancer patients for several decades. However, estrogenic activity of SGLXD is remaining unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the estrogenic potential of SGLXD and each of the ...
Girón Roma A - - 2009
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has a protective role against epithelial-derived carcinomas; however, the mechanisms remain unknown. We determined the effect of DHEA on cell proliferation, the cell cycle and cell death in three cell lines derived from human uterine cervical cancers infected or not with human papilloma virus (HPV). We also determined ...
Olea-Herrero N - - 2009
We have previously shown that cannabinoids induce growth inhibition and apoptosis in prostate cancer PC-3 cells, which express high levels of cannabinoid receptor types 1 and 2 (CB(1) and CB(2)). In this study, we investigated the role of CB(2) receptor in the anti-proliferative action of cannabinoids and the signal transduction ...
Toro Andrés A - - 2009
The mechanisms of peroxisomal biogenesis remain incompletely understood, specially regarding the role of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in human cells, where genetic disorders of peroxisome biogenesis lead to Zellweger syndrome (ZS). The Pex3p peroxisomal membrane protein (PMP) required for early steps of peroxisome biogenesis has been detected in the ER ...
Farrall A L - - 2009
The short isoform of single-minded 2 (SIM2s), a basic helix-loop-helix/PAS (bHLH/PAS) transcription factor, is upregulated in pancreatic and prostate tumours; however, a mechanistic role for SIM2s in these cancers is unknown. Microarray studies in prostate DU145 cells identified the pro-cell death gene, BNIP3 (Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa interacting protein 3), ...
Han Chung-Ting - - 2009
Phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), a phosphoinositide-3-OH-kinase-activated protein kinase, is highly expressed in prostate tumors. p-Akt can indirectly hinder p53-dependent growth suppression and apoptosis by phosphorylating Mdm2. Alternatively, p-Akt can directly phosphorylate p21 and restrict it to the cytoplasm for degradation. Because the prostate is the highest zinc-accumulating tissue before the onset ...
Pang Bo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Androgen independent prostate cancer (AIPC) is not responsive to androgen ablation therapy. The biomarkers of AIPC are lack. Numerous proteomics studies have focused on finding new markers of AIPC and exploring their possible functions, but little is known about the difference between conditioned medium (CM) from AIPC and androgen ...
Obajimi Oluwakemi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: 4-[2-(2-Amino-4-oxo-4,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3H-pyrimidino[5,4,6][1,4]thiazin-6-yl)-(S)-ethyl]-2,5-thienoylamino-l-glutamic acid (AG2034), is a classical antifolate shown to be an excellent inhibitor of glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), ultimately inhibiting de novo purine synthesis. We examined some metabolic effects of this drug in prostate cancer cells, LNCaP, versus non-tumorigenic prostatic epithelial cells, RWPE-1. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cells were cultured ...
Chuang Jing-Yuan - - 2009
CCL5 (previously called RANTES) is in the CC-chemokine family and plays a crucial role in the migration and metastasis of human cancer cells. On the other hand, the effect of CCL5 is mediated via CCR receptor. RT-PCR and flow cytometry studies demonstrated CCR5 but not CCR1 and CCR3 mRNA in ...
Izumi Kouji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tranilast is a therapeutic agent used in treatment of allergic diseases, although it has been reported to show anti-tumor effects on some cancer cells. To elucidate the effects of tranilast on prostate cancer, we investigated the mechanisms of its anti-tumor effect on prostate cancer. METHODS: The anti-tumor effects and ...
Paland Nicole - - 2009
The prostate is composed of a number of different cell populations. The interaction between them is crucial for the development and proper function of the prostate. However, the effect of the molecular cross talk between these cells in the course of carcinogenesis is still unclear. Employing an approach wherein immortalized ...
Wang Chong-Zhi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Methylnaltrexone, a novel peripherally acting opioid receptor antagonist, is used to treat opiate-induced constipation in cancer patients. Its effects on the activities of chemotherapeutic agents, however, have not been evaluated. In this study, the effect of methylnaltrexone on the action of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was tested in three human cancer ...
Luo Qiong - - 2009
Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBPs) are important functional constituents in red-colored fruits of L. barbarum (Guo Qi Zi, a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal plant commonly known as Goji berry or wolfberry). The influence of LBP on human prostate cancer cells was systematically investigated in vitro and in vivo. The in vitro ...
Eyman D D Department of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, - - 2009
There is increased interest in the effects of secretory products from aged cells on promoting both benign and malignant cell growth. We identified a human fibroblast line, AG04382, from an aged donor that naturally demonstrated senescence-associated features and whose conditioned media significantly induced proliferation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH1) cells. ...
Kong Dejuan D Department of Pathology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, - - 2009
MicroRNAs have been implicated in tumor progression. Recent studies have shown that the miR-200 family regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by targeting zinc-finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) and ZEB2. Emerging evidence from our laboratory and others suggests that the processes of EMT can be triggered by various growth factors, such ...
Kim Mi Ra - - 2009
Acquisition of resistance to tamoxifen is a critical therapeutic problem in breast cancer patients. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), where cells undergo a developmental switch from a polarized epithelial phenotype to a highly motile mesenchymal phenotype, is associated with invasion and motility of cancer cells. Here, we found that tamoxifen-resistant (TAMR)-MCF-7 cells ...
Alonso V - - 2009
Prostate cancer (PCa) has a high propensity to metastasize to the bone. PCa cells produce several bone-related factors, namely parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP), its PTH type 1 receptor (PTH1R), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and receptor activator of NF-kappa B ligand (RANKL). The effects of these factors might explain, at least in ...
Krasowska Monika - - 2009
The endocytic membrane activities of two human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7) of strong and weak metastatic potential, respectively, were studied in a comparative approach. Uptake of horseradish peroxidase was used to follow endocytosis. Dependence on ionic conditions and voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) activity were characterized. Fractal methods ...
Park Irwin I - - 2009
The aim of this study was to identify differential responses to low concentrations of 17beta-estradiol (E2) in primary stromal cell cultures derived from either normal organ donors or benign prostatic hyperplasia or hypertrophy (BPH) specimens. Furthermore, we sought to identify the potential mechanism of E2 action in these cell types, ...
Mizokami Atsushi - - 2009
One of the mechanisms through which advanced prostate cancer (PCa) usually relapses after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the adaptation to residual androgens in PCa tissue. It has been observed that androgen biosynthesis in PCa tissue plays an important role in this adaptation. In the present study, we investigated how ...
Palamakumbura A H - - 2009
Enhanced RAS signaling and decreased androgen dependence of prostate cancer cells accompany poor clinical outcomes. Elevated autocrine fibroblast growth factors 2 (FGF-2) signaling promotes prostate cancer cell growth and survival. Expression of lysyl oxidase (LOX) inhibits RAS transforming activity. LOX is secreted as 50 kDa pro-LOX protein and then undergoes ...
Cosnefroy A - - 2009
Cross-species differences between human and fish estrogen receptor (ER) binding by environmental chemicals have been reported. To study ER transactivation in a fish cellular context, we stably co-transfected the PLHC-1 fish hepatoma cell line with a rainbow trout estrogen receptor (rtER) and the luciferase reporter gene driven by an estrogen ...
Wu Kai-jie - - 2009
AIM: Silibinin is known to exert growth inhibition and cell death together with cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells. Whether silibinin could inhibit the invasion, motility and migration of prostate cancer cells remains largely unknown. This study was designed to evaluate this efficacy and possible mechanisms ...
Kobayashi Takashi - - 2009
Despite well known oncogenic function of G1-S cell-cycle progression, cyclin D2 (CCND2) is often silenced epigenetically in prostate cancers. Here we show that CCND2 has an inhibitory potential on the proliferation of androgen receptor (AR)-dependent prostate cancer LNCaP cells. Forced expression of CCND2 suppressed the proliferative ability and induced cell ...
Yan Michelle - - 2010
Zinc concentrations in the prostate are uniquely high but are dramatically decreased with prostate cancer. Studies have suggested that increasing zinc in the prostate may be a potential therapeutic strategy. The goal of this study was to evaluate the antiproliferative effects of zinc in prostate cancer cells (PC-3) and noncancerous ...
Jiang Jiahua - - 2009
Gossypol (GP), a male contraceptive compound naturally present in cottonseed products, possesses anti-proliferative and anti-metastatic effects in vitro and in vivo. However, the detailed mechanisms responsible for the effects of GP on the cell cycle of prostate cancer cells remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the ...
Kim Jongchan - - 2009
In human somatic tumorigenesis, mutations are thought to arise sporadically in individual cells surrounded by unaffected cells. This contrasts with most current transgenic models where mutations are induced synchronously in entire cell populations. Here we have modeled sporadic oncogene activation using a transgenic mouse in which c-MYC is focally activated ...
Hail Numsen N - - 2009
Prostate tumorigenesis is coupled with an early metabolic switch in transformed prostate epithelial cells that effectively increases their mitochondrial bioenergetic capacity. The synthetic retinoid N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4HPR) inhibits prostate cancer development in vivo, and triggers reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent prostate cancer cell apoptosis in vitro. The possibility that 4HPR-induced ROS production ...
Isayeva Tatyana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although anti-angiogenic therapy is a promising new line of therapy for prostate cancer, we recently reported that stable expression of endostatin arrested the progression of prostate cancer to poorly differentiated state and distant metastasis in TRAMP mice. However, the same therapy failed to provide any benefit when given either ...
Franzen Carrie A - - 2009
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) plays an important role in immune surveillance and preferentially induces apoptosis in cancer cells over normal cells, suggesting its potential in cancer therapy. However, the molecular basis for its selective killing of cancer cells is not well understood. Recent studies have identified the CCN ...
Benitez Dixan A - - 2009
Polyphenols have been proposed as antitumoral agents. We have shown that resveratrol (RES) induced cell cycle arrest and promoted apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by inhibition of the PI3K pathway. The RES effects on NF kappaB activity in LNCaP cells (inducible NF kappaB), and PC-3 cells (constitutive NF kappaB) are ...
Crane Courtney C Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2009
Inhibition of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is an appealing method for decreasing the immunoresistance and augmenting T cell-mediated immunotherapy. A major impediment to this strategy is the impact of conventional PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibitors on T cell function. In particular, rapamycin, is a well-known immunosuppressant that ...
Gong Aiyu A Department of Urology, and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905 - - 2009
This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanism by which phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a natural compound from cruciferous vegetables, exhibits antitumor effect on prostate cancer cells. Cell proliferation, cell cycle, Western blot, gene transfer, and reporter assays were used to test the effects of PEITC on the growth and IL6/JAK/STAT3 ...
Wang Yanfang - - 2009
MicroRNAs are noncoding, endogenous small RNAs that regulate target genes by cleavage of the targeted mRNA or translational repression. We investigated the microRNAome using 2-color microarrays in a highly invasive human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231 (subline 4175) and a noninvasive breast epithelial cell line, MCF10A. We found 13 microRNAs ...
Yaqinuddin Ahmed - - 2009
PURPOSE: DNMT1 maintains genomic DNA methylation at 5'-CpG-3' residues in somatic cells. Recent findings revealed that DNMT1 depletion causes distinct phenotypic changes in colon and gastric cancer cell lines, suggesting that the extent to which DNMT1 influences the expression of its target genes is cell-type specific. We determined the impact ...
Ismail M - - 2009
Aquaporins (AQPs) are intrinsic membrane proteins that facilitate selective water and small solute movement across the plasma membrane. In this study, we investigate the role of inhibiting AQPs in sensitising prostate cancer cells to cryotherapy. PC-3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells were cooled to 0, -5 and -10 degrees C. ...
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