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Results 101 - 150 of 2035
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Shanmugam Rajasubramaniam - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To characterize the molecular changes associated with DMAPT-induced prostate cancer cell death and its in vivo activity. METHODS: CWR22Rv1 and PC-3 were subjected to flow cytometry, electrophoretic mobility shift assays, and Western blot studies to measure DMAPT's ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), inhibit NFkappaB DNA binding, and ...
Quiles Maria T - - 2010
Previous reports show that the herbal agent Pygeum africanum (PA) used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) inhibits proliferation of prostate stromal cells from BPH tissues. To determine underlying mechanisms, we compared proliferative and apoptotic responses to PA between BPH and non-BPH prostate stromal cells with a focus on the ...
Siejka Agnieszka - - 2010
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), besides stimulating the secretion of GH from the pituitary gland, acts as an autocrine/paracrine growth factor in many cancers. Antagonists of GHRH inhibit growth of experimental human tumors, but their effects on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have not been studied. We evaluated the effects of GHRH ...
Shi Guo-hai - - 2010
To investigate whether microRNA-21 was involved in mediating the chemoresistance of prostate cancer cells to docetaxel. A microarray technique was used to determine the miRNA profile in docetaxel-resistant PC3 cells. Real-time PCR was used to confirm the array results. miR-21 mimics and inhibitors were synthesized and introduced to cells using ...
Xiao Dong - - 2010
Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), a constituent of edible cruciferous vegetables such as watercress, not only affords significant protection against chemically induced cancer in experimental rodents but also inhibits growth of human cancer cells by causing apoptotic and autophagic cell death. However, the underlying mechanism of PEITC-induced cell death is not fully ...
Battista Marie-Claude - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Seladin-1 belongs to a subgroup of androgen-dependent genes associated with anti-proliferative, pro-differentiation, and pro-apoptotic functions and plays a protective role against oncogenic stress. The present study aims to investigate the localization and expression of Seladin-1 protein in normal and tumoral human prostatic tissues as well as to explore its ...
McKeithen Danielle - - 2010
Snail transcription factor induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via decreased cell adhesion-associated molecules like E-cadherin, and increased mesenchymal markers like vimentin. We previously established Snail-mediated EMT model utilizing androgen-dependent LNCaP cells. These cells express increased vimentin protein and relocalization of E-cadherin from the cell membrane to the cytosol. Interestingly, Snail transfection ...
Dettmann Sandra - - 2010
2-phenyl-1H-benzimidazoles 7a-e were synthesized and tested for gene activation on ERalpha-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells, stably transfected with the reporter plasmid EREwtcluc (MCF-7-2a cells). None of the compounds showed agonistic properties, but they antagonized dependent on hydroxyl groups at the benzimidazole core (5- or 6-OH) and at the aromatic ring ...
Chhipa Rishi Raj - - 2010
Androgen-independent prostate cancer usually develops as a relapse following androgen ablation therapy. Removing androgen systemically causes vascular degeneration and nutrient depletion of the prostate tumor tissue. The fact that the malignancy later evolves to androgen-independence suggests that some cancer cells are able to survive the challenge of energy/nutrient deprivation. AMP-activated ...
Tonelli Francesca - - 2010
Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) is an enzyme that catalyses the phosphorylation of sphingosine to produce the bioactive lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). We demonstrate here that FTY720 (Fingolimod) and (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate are novel inhibitors of SK1 catalytic activity and induce the proteasomal degradation of this enzyme in human pulmonary artery smooth ...
David Arthur - - 2012
The use of mussel extracts in in vitro bioassays which express the estrogen receptor could provide valuable information on the bioavailability of endocrine disruptors in coastal environments. The aim of this study was to assess the temporal variability of the estrogenic responses in bioassays in Mytilus galloprovincialis. A 6-month in ...
Zhao Yayuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The significant association of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and hypertension indicates a common pathophysiological factor for both diseases. Hyperactivity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been reported in BPH. Angiotensin II type I (AT1) receptor is the principal mediator of the RAS, and the antagonist, AT1 receptor blocker (ARB), ...
Lee Hyun Sook - - 2010
alpha-Lipoic acid (LA), a naturally occurring molecule in animal and plant cells, is a potent antioxidant that reportedly exerts beneficial effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. However, the molecular mechanisms behind the antimetastatic property of LA are not well understood. The present study investigates the ...
Wong Pooi-Fong - - 2010
The normally high concentration of zinc in normal prostate gland is significantly reduced in malignant prostate tissues, but its precise role in prostate tumorigenesis remains unclear. The present study investigates the growth and transcriptional responses of LNCaP prostate cancer cells to prolonged high Zn2+ treatment. Restoration of high intracellular Zn2+ ...
Block Martin - - 2010
In patients with advanced estrogen-dependent type I endometrial cancer (EC), pharmacological treatment with progestins or antiestrogens is recommended, but primary and secondary resistance are common. The aim of our study was to investigate single-agent and dual-agent therapeutic strategies in estrogen receptor-positive human EC cells. Human EC cells Ishikawa and HEC1A ...
Hail Numsen N - - 2010
Teriflunomide (TFN) is an inhibitor of de novo pyrimidine synthesis and the active metabolite of leflunomide. Leflunomide is prescribed to patients worldwide as an immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory disease-modifying prodrug. Leflunomide inhibited the growth of human prostate cancer xenographs in mice, and leflunomide or TFN promoted cytostasis and/or apoptosis in cultured ...
Thomas Francis - - 2010
Tumor growth is influenced by an increase in cell proliferation and a reduction in apoptosis; both of which are affected by alterations in extracellular matrix (ECM). Our aim was to assess if the susceptibility of prostate cancer cells to apoptosis induced by either chemotherapeutics or radiotherapy was altered by changes ...
Dhupkar Pooja - - 2010
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a novel molecular target for anticancer therapy. This study examined the effects of anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab on two human androgen-independent prostate carcinoma cell lines, Du145 and PC-3. Cell proliferation was monitored with a trypan blue viability assay. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle profile was ...
Wiltshire Carolyn C Division of Cancer Sciences and Molecular Pathology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2010
Castrate-resistant prostate cancer remains a major clinical challenge. Due to the toxicity profile of taxane-based chemotherapy and treatment failure in some patients, novel agents with improved efficacy to side effect profiles are urgently needed. Eg5, a member of the kinesin-5 family, controls the formation of the bipolar spindle during cell ...
Benavides Maximo A MA Department of Pathology, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, 840 South Wood Street, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. - - 2010
Methionine inhibits proliferation of breast and prostate cancer cells. This study aimed to determine cell cycle effects of methionine and selectivity for cancer cells. MCF-7 (breast), LNCaP (prostate), and LS-174 (colon) cancer cells (wild-type p53), DU-145 (prostate) and SW480 (colon) cancer cells (mutated p53), and immortalized, non-tumorigenic MCF-10A (breast), BPH-1 ...
Zahid Muhammad - - 2010
Catechol estrogens, especially 4-hydroxylated metabolites of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)), are responsible for estrogen-induced carcinogenesis. 4-Hydroxyestradiol (4-OHE(2)), a major metabolite of E(2) formed preferentially by cytochrome P-450 1B1, is oxidized to E(2)-3,4-quinone, which can react with DNA to yield the depurinating adducts 4-OHE(2)-1-N3Ade and 4-OHE(2)-1-N7Gua. The apurinic sites generated by the loss ...
Basu Hirak S - - 2011
Most prostate, colon and breast cancer cells are resistant to growth inhibitory effects of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA). We have examined whether the high oxidative stress in these cells causes a loss of SAHA activity and if so, whether pretreatment with an anti-oxidant can sensitize these cells to SAHA. A ...
Emadi Baygi Modjtaba - - 2010
Many metastatic cancers recapitulate the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) resulting in enhanced cell motility and invasiveness. The EMT is regulated by several transcription factors, including the zinc finger protein SNAI2, also named Slug, which appears to exert additional functions during development and cancer progression. We have studied the function of SNAI2 ...
Chuang Tsai-Der - - 2010
Cellular prostatic acid phosphatase (cPAcP), an authentic tyrosine phosphatase, is proposed to function as a negative growth regulator of prostate cancer (PCa) cells in part through its dephosphorylation of ErbB-2. Nevertheless, the direct interaction between cPAcP and ErbB-2 has not been shown nor the specific dephosphorylation site of ErbB-2 by ...
Dudakovic Amel - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine whether geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase inhibition, and therefore geranylgeranyl diphosphate depletion, interferes with breast cancer cell migration. Digeranyl bisphosphonate is a specific geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase inhibitor. We demonstrate that digeranyl bisphosphonate depleted geranylgeranyl diphosphate and inhibited protein geranylgeranylation in MDA-MB-231 cells. Similar to ...
Huang Chih-Fen - - 2010
Cell adhesion molecules have been implicated in the colonization of cancer cells to distant organs. Prostate cancer (PCa) has a propensity to metastasize to bone, and cadherin-11, which is an osteoblast cadherin aberrantly expressed in PCa cells derived from bone metastases, has been shown to play a role in the ...
Yang Rui - - 2010
Estrogen has important roles in the initiation and development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Regulators of the estrogen receptor (ER) are tissue- and cell-specific. We evaluated the effect of estrogen antagonist, raloxifene (Ral), on the prevention and treatment of BPH by investigating its effect on the proliferation of two different ...
Hill Karen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Class IA PI 3-kinases produce phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3). PIP3 is bound by AKT which facilities its activation by PDK1. Activated AKT promotes cell survival and stimulates cell proliferation. Class IA PI 3-kinases are heterodimers consisting of a regulatory subunit p85 and a catalytic subunit p110. The p110alpha isoform has ...
Esser Alison K - - 2010
Dystroglycan is a cell-surface receptor for extracellular matrix proteins including laminins and perlecan. Prior studies have shown its involvement in assembly and/or maintenance of basement membrane structures, cell polarity and tissue morphogenesis; and its expression is often reduced in prostate and other cancers. However, the role of dystroglycan in normal ...
Chang Sung-Ho - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: The inhibitory effect of Dryopteris crassirhizoma on the proliferation of human metastatic prostate PC3-MM2 cells and the mechanism of action were examined to identify its anti-cancer properties. The effect of the extract on cell cycle progression and its combined cytotoxic effect with tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ...
Mazurek Maciej P MP Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, - - 2010
The prostate is a highly specialized mammalian organ that produces and releases large amounts of citrate. However, the citrate release mechanism is not known. Here, we present the results of molecular cloning of a citrate transporter from human normal prostate epithelial PNT2-C2 cells shown previously to express such a mechanism. ...
Li Yingming - - 2011
To investigate the effect of bone environment on cellular proliferation, mature prostate-specific antigen (PSA) production and secretion, and PSA transcriptional regulation of prostate cancer cells. Androgen-independent C4-2 prostate cancer cells were co-cultured with various osteoblastic cells in a transwell system. Proliferation was measured via cell counting and MTT assay. Lactate ...
Hwang Eun-Sun - - 2010
Cruciferous vegetable consumption is associated with decreased risk of several cancers, including prostate cancer. Gluconasturtiin, one of the predominant glucosinolates in cruciferous vegetables, is hydrolyzed to yield phenylethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC). PEITC absorption and metabolism in humans involves glutathione conjugation followed by conversion via the mercapturic acid pathway to an N-acetylcysteine ...
Zhang Tong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to investigate the roles of PIM-1 in prostate cancer (CaP) cell proliferation and apoptosis, and to assess the potential of PIM-1 as a target for CaP therapy. METHODS: Using RNAi technology, we knocked down the expression of PIM-1 in PC-3 cell. After siRNA ...
Belhocine M - - 2010
An immunohistochemical study of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) or gelatinase (gelatinase A and gelatinase B) was performed on the seminal vesicles and ventral prostate of the Libyan jird (Meriones libycus) collected in the Beni-Abbes area during breeding period (spring and early summer), during resting phase (late summer, autumn, winter) ...
Ding Qiang - - 2010
Bone-derived transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 leads to tumor growth, osteoblastic lesions and more invasion. Degradation of basement membranes caused by cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is known as a distinctive feature of invasive cells. We investigated inhibition of COX-2 with NS398 in PC-3 and LNCaP cell lines. TGF-beta1 and dmPGE2 were added in ...
Kumar Akhilesh - - 2010
Premenopausal women are at highest risk for papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma, implicating a role for estrogens in thyroid cancer. The expression of estrogen receptors alpha and beta (ER), the effects of estradiol (E2), selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) 4-hydroxytamoxifen and raloxifene, and ER subtype selective agonists were examined in ...
Zhang Xiaoyu - - 2010
1. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a simple chalcone-type flavonoid derived from liquorice compounds. It has been reported to have anti-oxidative and antitumour activities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antitumour effect of ISL on prostate cancer cells and to explore the possible signalling mechanisms involved. 2. Cell ...
Maximov Philipp Y - - 2010
Estrogens can potentially be classified into planar (class I) or nonplanar (class II) categories, which might have biological consequences. 1,1,2-Triphenylethylene (TPE) derivatives were synthesized and evaluated against 17beta-estradiol (E2) for their estrogenic activity in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. All TPEs were estrogenic and, unlike 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4OHTAM) and Endoxifen, induced ...
Yue Dan - - 2010
We investigated the ability of NK4, an antagonist of human hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), to inhibit the influence of HGF on proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of human prostate cancer cells. Expression vector pBudCE4.1-EGFP-NK4 containing NK4 cDNA was used to transfect human prostate cancer DU145 cells, and the effects of ...
Kawasaki Takashi - - 2010
Although 17beta-estradiol (E2) administration following trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) improves immune functions in male rodents, it remains unclear whether E2 has salutary effects on Peyer's patch (PP) T cell functions. We hypothesized that T-H induces PP T cell dysfunction and E2 administration following T-H will improve PP T cell function. T-H was ...
Emadi Baygi Modjtaba - - 2010
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is regarded as an important step in cancer metastasis. Snail, a master regulator of EMT, has been recently proposed to act additionally as a cell survival factor and inducer of motility. We have investigated the function of Snail (SNAI1) in prostate cancer cells by downregulating its ...
Noratto Giuliana D - - 2010
Many polyphenolics contained in mango have shown anticancer activity. The objective of this study was to compare the anticancer properties of polyphenolic extracts from several mango varieties (Francis, Kent, Ataulfo, Tommy Atkins, and Haden) in cancer cell lines, including Molt-4 leukemia, A-549 lung, MDA-MB-231 breast, LnCap prostate, and SW-480 colon ...
Hevia D - - 2010
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is a potent endogenous antioxidant and free radical scavenger that has attracted much attention as a consequence of its multiple biological functions. In addition to other physiological properties, it has clear antiproliferative activity in several types of cancer cell. The concentration of melatonin necessary to inhibit cell growth ...
Shiota Masaki - - 2010
There are currently few effective therapies for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPCa). CRPC which is resistant to castration is thought to result from increased activation of the androgen/androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway, which may be augmented by AR coactivators. Luciferase reporter assay, Western blotting, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, fluorescence microscopy, ...
Davies Simon - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: ALCAM, activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule, is connected to the progression of certain solid tumours and has been shown to be a prominent feature for tumours that subsequently developed bone metastasis. The present study investigated the biological influence of ALCAM on breast cancer cells in connection with bone biological ...
Viator John A - - 2010
The presence of circulating tumor cells in the bloodstream has been correlated with disease state in cancer patients. While we have successfully exploited melanin, the natural light absorber in melanoma cells, to induce photoacoustic waves for tumor cell detection, non-pigmented tumor cells do not have sufficient optical contrast for such ...
Morichetti D - - 2010
The aim of the study is to examine the tissue expression and localization of the somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) in prostate cancer (PCa) with neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation. The five SSTR subtypes (SSTR1 to 5) were evaluated immunohistochemically in the secretory cells of normal-looking epithelium (Nep), high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) and ...
Garraway Isla P - - 2010
Prostate stem/progenitor cells function in glandular development and maintenance. They may be targets for tumor initiation, so characterization of these cells may have therapeutic implications. Cells from dissociated tissues that form spheres in vitro often represent stem/progenitor cells. A subset of human prostate cells that form prostaspheres were evaluated for ...
Kaneko Arata - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the mechanism of adipocyte-prostate cancer cell interaction affects the proliferation and differentiation of prostate cancer cells. METHODS: An androgen-dependent cell line (LNCaP), two androgen-independent cell lines (PC-3, DU145), and mature adipocytes harvested from male Wistar rats were used. Cancer cells were co-cultured with the isolated mature ...
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