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Moss Patrice E PE Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37208, - - 2010
The androgen receptor (AR) regulates growth and progression of androgen-dependent as well as androgen-independent prostate cancer cells. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists have been reported to reduce AR activation in androgen-dependent LNCaP prostate cancer cells. To determine whether PPARγ ligands are equally effective at inhibiting AR activity in androgen-independent ...
Lai Kuang-Chi - - 2011
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in the invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis of cancer cells. Many agents have been shown to inhibit the cancer cell migration and invasion by suppression of MMPs. 2-(3-Methoxyphenyl)-6,7-methylenedioxoquinolin-4-one (MMEQ) is a derivative compound synthesized from quinolin and the purpose of this study is to ...
Papathanassiu Adonia E - - 2011
Efrapeptins (EF), a family of fungal peptides, inhibit proteasomal enzymatic activities and the in vitro and in vivo growth of HT-29 cells. They are also known inhibitors of F(1)F(0)-ATPase, a mitochondrial enzyme that functions as an Hsp90 co-chaperone. We have previously shown that treatment of cancer cells with EF results ...
Stewart Grant D - - 2011
Prostate cancer cells can exist in a hypoxic microenvironment, causing radioresistance. Nitric oxide (NO) is a radiosensitiser of mammalian cells. NO-NSAIDs are a potential means of delivering NO to prostate cancer cells. This study aimed to determine the effect and mechanism of action of NO-sulindac and radiation, on prostate cancer ...
Hsieh Tze-Chen - - 2010
Tocotrienols belong to the vitamin E family of chemicals known to have potent anti-proliferative and apoptotic activities against a variety of cancer cells with little to no comparable influence on the normal cells. Whether tocotrienols control the expression of phase II antioxidant enzymes in the context of their anti-carcinogenic mechanisms ...
Louis Simon N S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated Ang II type 2 (AT(2)-) receptor-mediated inhibition of EGF-induced prostate cancer cell growth in androgen-dependent (LNCaP) and independent (PC3) prostate cancer cell lines. METHODS: To explore the signaling pathways involved in this inhibitory effect, we examined the interaction of the AT(2)-receptor with its novel regulatory ...
Pfeiffer Minja J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Even though patients with prostate cancer commonly respond to endocrine treatment, in most cases the disease progresses to castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Our objective was to generate a novel cell line model representing the endocrine treatment naive prostate cancer for testing treatments that target the androgen receptor (AR) ...
Tassidis Helena - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that has been implicated in the modulation of growth and progression of prostate cancer. Decreased expression of the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1, involved in regulation of cytokine and tyrosine kinase receptor signaling, has been shown to be associated with less favorable outcome among prostate ...
Li Juanjuan - - 2010
This study was undertaken to observe the effects and the possible mechanism of membrane-cytoskeleton linker ezrin on the chemokine CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5)-induced invasive ability in human breast carcinoma MCF-7 cells. RNA interference (RNAi) using ezrin small hairpin RNAs (ezrin shRNA) was used to analyze the role of ezrin ...
Habauzit D - - 2010
Several methods have been developed to evaluate and quantify the effects of Endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDC). Nevertheless, most of these methods are time-consuming or not enough sensitive to detect EDC at the environmental range. To link the biological effect of tested EDC to natural protein secretion, we have developed a ...
Campos Silvana G P - - 2010
The present study examined the response of the prostate epithelium of senescent gerbils submitted to orchiectomy and with or without steroidal blockade. Animals were divided into five groups, all surgically castrated except the control group composed of intact animals. In the experimental groups, doses of flutamide and/or tamoxifen were applied ...
Sotoca Ana M - - 2011
The present study addresses, by transcriptomics and quantitative stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC)-based proteomics, the estrogen receptor α (ERα) and β (ERβ)-mediated effects on gene and protein expression in T47D breast cancer cells exposed to the phytoestrogen genistein. Using the T47D human breast cancer cell ...
Yates Clayton C Department of Biology and Center for Cancer Research, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA. - - 2011
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men. For patients with hormone-refractory disease, few treatments are available once the tumor has metastasized beyond the prostate. In the present study, two conjugated lytic peptide sequences (named JCHLHRH and JC21LHRH) were designed to target luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone receptors ...
Ju Ji-hyun - - 2011
We performed this study to investigate the anti-cancer activity of Pharbitis nil (PN) ethanol extract which has been used for herbal medicinal treatment against diseases in East Asia. We analyzed the effects of PN extract on proliferation of breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 control vector (vec) and MCF-7 human epidermal ...
Yang Dazhi - - 2010
RasGRP3 mediates the activation of the Ras signaling pathway that is present in many human cancers. Here, we explored the involvement of RasGRP3 in the formation and maintenance of the prostate cancer phenotype. RasGRP3 expression was elevated in multiple human prostate tumor tissue samples and in the human androgen-independent prostate ...
Larson Nate - - 2010
This study focused on the synthesis and in vitro characterization of N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer conjugates for the delivery of geldanamycin to prostate cancer tumors. Conjugates were modified to incorporate WIFPWIQL peptide, which binds to cell-surface-expressed Glucose-regulated protein 78. HPMA copolymers containing aminohexylgeldanamycin with and without WIFPWIQL peptide were synthesized and ...
Fan Xinlan - - 2012
Stem-like prostate cancer cells are also called prostate cancer stem cells (PrCSCs). These rare cells are supposed to be highly tumorigenic and to be involved in maintenance of tumor homeostasis and mediation of tumor metastasis. Methods for sorting PrCSCs are mainly based on sorting cells with the marker (CD133(+)/CD44(+)) or ...
Steigerová Jana - - 2010
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant hormones that appear to be ubiquitous in both lower and higher plants. Recently, we published the first evidence that some natural BRs induce cell growth inhibitory responses in several human cancer cell lines without affecting normal non-tumor cell growth (BJ fibroblasts). The aim of the study ...
Wang Yong - - 2010
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a glycoprotein that induces prostate cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. The activation of transient receptor potential canonical 6 (TRPC6) channels is considered important in promoting prostate cancer cell proliferation. In this study, we assessed the role of endogenous TRPC6 channels in the HGF-induced cell ...
Theil Conrad - - 2011
Phytooestrogens are known to cause anti-cancer effects on mamma carcinoma cells. In this study, the effects of the lignan secoisolariciresinol and the isoflavone glycosides and aglycones genistein, genistin, daidzein and daidzin were tested on MCF-7 and BT20 cells in vitro. First, the cellular expression of hormone receptors was examined by ...
Kuroda Kenji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) provides an attractive target for monoclonal antibody targeted therapies in the treatment of prostate cancer (PC). In this study, we generated an immunotoxin by linking a humanized anti-PSMA monoclonal antibody (hJ591) to the ribosome-inactivating protein toxin saporin. The hJ591-saporin immunoconjugate was evaluated for antitumor activity ...
Jang Kibeom - - 2010
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor that inhibits PI3K/Akt signaling. To examine the effect of PTEN on breast cancer cell proliferation, we expressed PTEN in MDA-MB-468 cells (MDA-MB-468 PTEN) by retroviral infection and tested the cell proliferation rate. We found that the growth rate of MDA-MB-468 PTEN ...
Festuccia Claudio - - 2010
Antagonistic or agonistic analogues of gonadotropin-releasing hormone are extensively used for the treatment of advanced hormone-dependent prostate cancer. However, the majority of recurrent prostate tumors is androgen independent. This study explored the in vitro effects on DU145 and PC3 cell lines, two models of androgen-independent prostate cancer, of a fourth ...
Nithipatikom Kasem K Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. - - 2010
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases, CYP2C8, 2C9 and 2J2 mRNA and proteins, were expressed in prostate carcinoma (PC-3, DU-145 and LNCaP) cells. 11,12-Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12-EET) was the major arachidonic acid metabolite in these cells. Blocking EET synthesis by a selective CYP epoxygenase inhibitor (N-methylsulfonyl-6-(2-propargyloxyphenyl)hexanamide [MS-PPOH]) inhibited tonic (basal) invasion and migration ...
Drake Justin M JM Departments of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Roy J and Lucille ACarver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2010
Metastasis involves the invasion of cancer cells across both the extracellular matrix and cellular barriers, and an evolving theme is that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may mediate invasive cellular behavior. Previously, we isolated and analyzed a subpopulation of PC-3 prostate cancer cells, TEM4-18, and found that these cells both invaded an ...
Makkonen Harri - - 2011
Androgen receptor (AR) is overexpressed in a majority of castration-resistant prostate cancers, but most of the cell model studies addressing AR function have been conducted in LNCaP prostate cancer cells expressing unamplified AR levels. Here, we have compared the responses of various types of AR ligands towards a pattern of ...
Coulson-Thomas Vivien J - - 2010
Growth and survival of tumors at a site of metastasis involve interactions with stromal cells in the surrounding environment. Stromal cells aid tumor cell growth by producing cytokines as well as by modifying the environment surrounding the tumor through modulation of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) are ...
Yokomizo Akira - - 2011
Statins (3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) are cholesterol-lowering drugs that are widely used to prevent and treat atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Recent epidemiological studies suggest that statins reduce serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and decrease the risk of prostate cancer. In the present study, we determined the molecular mechanisms related to the ...
Teng Y - - 2010
The WASF3 protein is involved in cell movement and invasion, and to investigate its role in prostate cancer progression we studied the phenotypic effects of knockdown in primary tumors and cell lines. ShRNA was used to knockdown WASF3 function in prostate cell lines. Cell motility (scratch wound assay), anchorage independent ...
Fernández-Martínez Ana B - - 2010
The carcinogenic potential of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) was analyzed in non-tumor human prostate epithelial cells (RWPE-1) and in vivo xenografts. VIP induced morphological changes and a migratory phenotype consistent with stimulation of expression/activity of metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9, decreased E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion, and increased cell motility. VIP increased cyclin ...
Liu Han - - 2010
Retigeric acid B (RB), a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenic acid, has been noted for its antifungal properties in vitro. Here, we observed that RB inhibited prostate cancer cell proliferation and induced cell death in a dose-dependent manner, but exerted very little inhibitory effect on noncancerous prostate epithelial cell viability. Treatment ...
Zhang Hui - - 2010
Estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer cells are more aggressive than ER-positive cells. Elevated levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) expression have been detected in cultured human breast cancer cells and are associated with negative hormone receptor status. In this study, we created ERalpha stable transfectants in ...
Moscatelli David D Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2010
The epithelium that lines the surface of prostate glands contains several cell types, including luminal secretory cells and basal cells of unclear function. Despite the fact that prostate tumors contain cells with a luminal phenotype and lack basal cells, a recent report indicates that the cell of origin for human ...
Lu Shan S Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to further characterize cell growth-inhibitory effects of a recently identified androgen receptor (AR) signaling inhibitor 6-amino-2-[2-(4-tert-butyl-pnenoxy)-ethylsulfanyl]-1H-pyrimidin-4-one (DL3)(5) and antiandrogen bicalutamide (Bic). DL3 was more potent than Bic in induction of G1 arrest and reduction of G1-related cell cycle protein expression in AR-positive LNCaP cells. ...
Yun Young-Joo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The prostate contains extremely high concentrations of zinc, but survives and grows without apparent injury. This begs the question as to how prostate cells avoid the toxic effects of zinc. In a previous study, the authors found that; HIF-1alpha is expressed concomitantly with the accumulation of zinc in the ...
Fang Zhengyu - - 2010
Expression level of integrin alpha5 in tumor cells has been indicated to be involved in cell proliferation and organ-specific metastasis. We previously demonstrated that ITGA5 expression was downregulated in the high invasive MDA-MB-468 cells compared with other breast cancer cell lines. In this study, we found that the methylation status ...
Jiang Wen G - - 2010
The prostate transglutaminase, TGase-4, is a member of the transglutaminase family and is uniquely expressed in the prostate gland. The function of the protein is largely unknown, although an influence on cell motility and adhesion has been indicated. The present study investigated the impact of the differential expression of TGase-4 ...
Sekine Yoshitaka - - 2010
Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer leads to a significant increase of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is generally viewed as beneficial, particularly for cardiovascular disease, but the effect of HDL on prostate cancer is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of HDL on prostate cancer cell proliferation, migration, ...
Dondi Donatella - - 2010
Prostate cancer (PC) develops in response to an abnormal activation of androgen receptor induced by circulating androgens and, in its initial stages, is pharmacologically controlled by androgen blockade. However, androgen ablation therapy often allows androgen-independent PC development, generally characterized by increased invasiveness. We previously reported that 5alpha-androstane-3beta,17beta-diol (3beta-Adiol) inhibits the ...
Zhong Miao M Center for Cancer Research and Therapeutic Development, Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA 30314, - - 2010
Expression of genes that encode oxytocin (OXT) and vasopressin (AVP) and their cognate receptors in normal and diseased prostates are only partially characterized. Reverse transcription and PCR were used to examine the expression of these genes in normal prostate epithelial and stromal cell lines, k-ras-transformed prostate epithelial cell lines, and ...
Lai Yiyang - - 2010
The presence of a live cell cohabiting within another cell has fascinated scientists for many decades. Far from being a spurious event, many have attempted to uncover the molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon. In this study, we observed anchorage-dependent MCF-7 cells internalizing neighboring epithelial cells (entosis) after siRNA-mediated silencing of ...
Stulov Sergey V - - 2010
Reaction of 17alpha-bromo-21-iodo-3beta-acetoxypregn-5-en-20-one with ammonia, primary, and secondary amines is simple and convenient method for preparation of [17(20)E]- and [17(20)Z]-pregna-5,17(20)-dien-21-oylamides. Synthesis and characteristics of 12 related amides are presented. Primary testing on cells proliferation indicated differing effects of synthesized compounds on androgen insensitive MCF-7 cells and androgen sensitive LNCaP cells.
Vanparys Caroline - - 2010
In vitro estrogenicity screens are believed to provide a first prioritization step in hazard characterization of endocrine disrupting chemicals. When applied to complex environmental matrices or mixture samples, they have been indicated valuable in estimating the overall estrogen-mimicking load. In this study, the performance of an adapted format of the ...
Wagner Daniel S DS Department of Biochemistry&Cell Biology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251-1892, - - 2010
Cell theranostics is a new approach that unites diagnosis, therapy and confirmation (guidance) of the results of therapy in one single process at cell level, thus principally improving both the rapidity and precision of treatment. The ideal theranostic agent will support all three of the above functions in vivo with ...
Kim Seaho S Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2010
Membrane type 1 (MT1)-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a membrane-tethered MMP that has been shown to play a key role in promoting cancer cell invasion. MT1-MMP is highly expressed in bone metastasis of prostate cancer (PC) patients and promotes intraosseous tumor growth of PC cells in mice. The majority of metastatic ...
Babour Anna A Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Molecular Biology, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0377, - - 2010
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays an essential role in the production of lipids and secretory proteins. Because the ER cannot be generated de novo, it must be faithfully transmitted or divided at each cell division. Little is known of how cells monitor the functionality of the ER during the cell ...
Chen Hanying - - 2010
Hypospadias is a common birth defect in humans, yet its etiology and pattern of onset are largely unknown. Recent studies have shown that male mice with targeted ablation of FK506-binding protein-52 (Fkbp52) develop hypospadias, most likely due to actions of Fkbp52 as a molecular co-chaperone of the androgen receptor (AR). ...
Noori-Daloii Mohammad R - - 2011
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of quercetin, a dietary flavonoid, on human prostate adenocarcinoma PC-3 cells. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, microculture tetrazolium test (MTT assay) and real-time PCR array were employed to evaluate the effects of quercetin on cell cytotoxicity, cell proliferation and expression ...
Berkovich Liron - - 2010
The role of vitamin D3 in cancer prevention and its potential as an anticancer therapeutic agent have been researched and are well established. However, the clinical use of the natural vitamin D3 metabolite, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3 or calcitriol] is limited by a possible cause of hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria. A new ...
Shanmugam Rajasubramaniam - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To characterize the molecular changes associated with DMAPT-induced prostate cancer cell death and its in vivo activity. METHODS: CWR22Rv1 and PC-3 were subjected to flow cytometry, electrophoretic mobility shift assays, and Western blot studies to measure DMAPT's ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), inhibit NFkappaB DNA binding, and ...
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