Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2035
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Shen Dan - - 2007
Data regarding the effect of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) ligands on the invasive ability of colon cancer cells are currently limited. This study was designed to examine the effects of PPAR-gamma agonists on the proliferation and invasion of two colon cancer cells to identify the role of PPAR-gamma in ...
Lehen'kyi V - - 2007
The transient receptor potential channel, subfamily V, member 6 (TRPV6), is strongly expressed in advanced prostate cancer and significantly correlates with the Gleason >7 grading, being undetectable in healthy and benign prostate tissues. However, the role of TRPV6 as a highly Ca(2+)-selective channel in prostate carcinogenesis remains poorly understood. Here, ...
Behrens D - - 2007
Proliferation of breast cancer cells is mediated by estrogen receptors (ER)-ERalpha and ERbeta. At present, contradictory observations complicate the understanding of involvement of ERbeta in breast cancer and functional definition of ERbeta as a prognostic marker. A stable expression of full length ERbeta was established in the ERalpha-positive MCF-7 breast ...
Lee Soo Ok - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been implicated in the modulation of growth and differentiation in many cancers, and is associated with poor prognosis in renal cell carcinoma, ovarian cancer, lymphoma, melanoma, and prostate cancer. The effects of IL-6 on the growth of LNCaP human prostate cancer cells are puzzling with some ...
Priulla Marcella - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In prostate cancer, mutations of the phosphatase PTEN can activate the kinase cascade PI3K/Akt/mTOR which induces drug resistance. METHODS: Chemosensitization by siRNA targeting Akt was studied in HEK293 cells forced to express CA-Akt or kinase-dead DN-Akt. To decrease drug resistance, Akt was silenced with siRNA in human prostate DU-145 ...
Varady Krista A - - 2007
Reduced cell proliferation is associated with lower cancer risk. Alternate-day fasting (ADF), defined as alternating 24-h periods of ad libitum feeding and fasting, decreases cell proliferation. The effect of modified regimens of ADF on cell proliferation, however, has not been examined. This study measured the effects of modified ADF regimens ...
Letellier Guy - - 2007
An intermediate population has been identified among prostate glands called transiently amplifying (TA) cells, which are characterized by coexpression of basal and luminal cytokeratins (CKs), high proliferation, and lack of p27 expression. These cells are rare in the normal adult prostate and increase in pretumoral conditions, but their importance in ...
Copeland Robert L RL - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer ranks third worldwide in cancer incidence and sixth in cancer mortality among men. A number of 1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives have been found to possess significant pharmacological effects associated with marked antimicrobial and antitumor activities. In the present study the in vitro effect of 2,3-dichloro-5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (DCDMNQ) was evaluated on ...
Chhipa Rishi Raj - - 2007
The major drawback with cancer therapy is the development of resistant cells within tumors due to their heterogeneous nature and due to inadequate drug delivery during chemotherapy. Therefore, the propagation of injury ("bystander effect" (BE)) from directly damaged cells to other cells may have great implications in cancer chemotherapy. The ...
Hasegawa Masaki - - 2007
The CD109 gene encodes a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cell surface protein. Herein it is shown that CD109 is highly expressed in myoepithelial cells of mammary, salivary, and lacrimal glands; and in prostate basal cells. The anti-CD109 antibody generated by the authors was available for formalin-fixed paraffin section, and it strongly stained ...
Martin Tracey A - - 2007
Paracellular permeability (PCP) is governed by tight junctions (TJs) in epithelial cells, acting as cell-cell adhesion structures, the aberration of which is known to be linked to the dissociation and metastasis of breast cancer cells. This study hypothesized that the function of TJs in human breast cancer cells can be ...
Chen Min - - 2007
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) acts via binding to specific G protein-coupled receptors and has been implicated in the biology of breast cancer. Here, we characterize LPA receptor expression patterns in common established breast cancer cell lines and their contribution to breast cancer cell motility. By measuring expression of the LPA receptors ...
Sroka Isis C - - 2007
We and other investigators have previously shown that membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is overexpressed in invasive prostate cancer cells. However, the mechanism for this expression is not known. Here, we show that MT1-MMP is minimally expressed in nonmalignant primary prostate cells, moderately expressed in DU-145 cells, and highly expressed ...
Verhoog Nicolette J D - - 2007
Unfermented C. genistoides methanol extracts of different harvestings and selected polyphenols were evaluated for phytoestrogenic activity by comparing binding to both ER subtypes, transactivation of an ERE-containing promoter reporter, proliferation of MCF-7-BUS and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, and binding to SHBG. The extracts from one harvesting of C. genistoides (P104) ...
Saeed Muhammad - - 2007
Metabolic conversion of endogenous estrogens, estradiol (E2) and estrone (E1), to the catechol estrogens 4-hydroxyE1(E2) [4-OHE1(E2)] has been implicated in the initiation of cancer in rodents and humans. Evidence collected in our laboratories has shown that 4-OHE1(E2) are enzymatically oxidized to E1(E2)-3,4-quinones [E1(E2)-3,4-Q], which have the potential to damage DNA ...
Chaiswing Luksana - - 2007
We characterized the redox profiles in two different human prostate carcinoma cell lines (LNCaP vs PC3) that are known to exhibit varying degrees of invasiveness/metastatic ability. We confirmed that PC3 cells were more invasive than LNCaP cells through an in vitro analysis. The present study documented higher 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels in ...
Wang Y - - 2007
Prostate tumors are initially dependent on androgens for growth, but the majority of patients treated with anti-androgen therapy progress to androgen-independence characterized by resistance to such treatment. This study investigates a novel role for filamin A (FlnA), a 280 kDa cytoskeletal protein (consisting of an actin-binding domain (ABD) followed by ...
Yasuda Akira - - 2007
In this study, we examined the role of c-kit receptor (KIT) signal transduction on the proliferation and invasion of colorectal cancer cells. We found that c-kit was expressed in 2 colorectal cancer cell lines as determined by RT-PCR, Western blot, and flow cytometry. In KIT-positive lines, KIT was activated by ...
Iguchi Kazuhiro - - 2007
Prostate cancer is a heterogeneous disease with varying degrees of androgen sensitivity. In this study, we performed a limiting dilution of human prostate LNCaP cells, and isolated two sublines, LNCaP-E9 and LNCaP-G4, with differential hormone-sensitivity. Two LNCaP sublines were obtained by the limiting dilution method. The growth of E9 cells ...
Roy, Deodutta
We have completed proposed research in the First Year Task (i) both antioxidants, N-acetylcysteine and ebselen, overexpression of ROS lowering genes, such as, catalase or mtSOD; and silencing of mtTFA are able to induce cell growth arrest in the presence of estrogen by analysis of the expression of early cell ...
Ni Jing - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies showed Vit E has protective effects against prostate cancer (PCa). Interestingly, different prostate cancer cells have different sensitivity to alpha-Vit E or VES treatment. The goal of this study is to determine whether cellular Vit E bioavailability and its transport proteins are important contributing factors. METHODS: alpha-Vit ...
Wu Z - - 2007
Little is known about the role of the tumor suppressor gene phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) in prostate cancer bone metastasis. To explore this, we used a pTetOn PTEN cell line in which PTEN expression was reconstituted in a PTEN-null bone metastatic human prostate cancer cell ...
Othman Essam-Eldin R - - 2007
To use dominant negative mutants of estrogen receptor genes delivered to endometriosis cells via an adenovirus vector (Ad-DN-ER) to abrogate estrogen action on these cells. Experimental in vitro study. University research laboratory. Patients with ovarian endometriomas provided endometriotic cells, and patients with uterine prolapse or subserous leiomyoma provided control endometrial ...
Iwasa Yoichi - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the mechanisms of androgen-independent growth in prostate cancer (PCa), we established two PCa cell lines, LN-REC4 and LNCaP-SF, from the androgen-dependent PCa cell line, LNCaP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LN-Pre and LN-REC4 cells were generated from LNCaP tumors grown on intact and castrated severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse, ...
Belochitski Olga - - 2007
Targeting of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway is a promising treatment strategy for aggressive androgen-refractory prostate cancer (PCa). The effect of treating the androgen-resistant PCa cell line DU145 with a combination of the anti-EGFR drug cetuximab and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) was evaluated. DU145 cells were treated with 5 ...
Nwagbara Onyinye - - 2007
Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, is a major environmental pollutant. In this study, the effects of this carcinogen/mutagen and one of its metabolites, benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE), on human prostate carcinoma cell line DU145, were examined. Cell viability, DNA damage, and cell cycle progression were evaluated as toxic end-points. We have ...
Sahu Surasri Nandan - - 2007
We have identified the presence of leupaxin (LPXN), which belongs to the paxillin extended family of focal adhesion-associated adaptor proteins, in prostate cancer cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that LPXN is a component of the podosomal signaling complex found in osteoclasts, where LPXN was found to associate with the protein ...
Nakauchi Hiroo - - 2007
Androgen has been shown to promote the proliferation of prostate cancer through the action of the androgen receptor (AR). Mutation (T877A) of the AR gene found in an androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP, has been postulated to be involved in hypersensitivity and loss of specificity for androgen. In the ...
Ricciardelli Carmela - - 2007
Previous studies have demonstrated that high levels of hyaluronan (HA) and the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, versican in the peritumoral stroma are associated with metastatic spread of clinical prostate cancer. In vitro integration of HA and versican into a pericellular sheath is a prerequisite for proliferation and migration of vascular smooth ...
Yang Peiying - - 2007
The multiherb anti-inflammatory product Zyflamend was investigated for its antiproliferative effects on PC3 human prostate cancer cells and eicosanoid metabolism in this prostate cancer cell line. Zyflamend produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of cloned COX-1, COX-2, and 5-LOX enzyme activities, with inhibition of 5-HETE production being greater than that of PGE(2) ...
Bonaccorsi Lorella - - 2007
Although androgens and the androgen receptor (AR) are involved in tumorigenesis of prostate cancer (PC) in initial phases, less clear is the role played in advanced androgen-independent (AI) stages of the disease. Several recent reports indicated that re-expression of AR in PC-derived cell lines determines a less aggressive phenotype of ...
Jarry Hubertus - - 2007
Extracts of Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. (syn.: Actaea racemosa L.) (CR) inhibit the proliferation of the human prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. Recently, the phenylpropanoid ester 3,4-dihydroxyphenacyl caffeate (petasiphenone, 1) was isolated from CR. This substance is a structural homologue to petasiphenol ([3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-oxopropyl caffeate]), a compound produced by Petasites japonicus ...
Inoue Akio - - 2007
It is important to know the difference as well as the similarity in estrogen responsiveness among cell lines for understanding the effects of estrogenic chemicals. Here, using 120 estrogen responsive genes, we examined comparative expression profiles between the profile in breast cancer MCF-7 cells treated with 17beta-estradiol and the profiles ...
Cano Patricia - - 2007
Tissue recombination experiments show that prostate mesenchyma directs prostate epithelial cell growth and development in an androgen-dependent manner, and that functional differentiation of prostate epithelium requires androgen-driven processes in both epithelia and stroma. The androgen induction of target genes in primary cultures of prostate stromal and epithelial cells was determined ...
Chaudhary Amit - - 2007
Mechanisms of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)-mediated toxicity and chemopreventative potential of quercetin in prostate cancer are poorly understood. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to map the differences in protein expression in BaP (1 microM)- and quercetin (5 microM)-treated 22Rv1 human prostate cancer cells. As compared to DMSO, 26 proteins in BaP and ...
Abdallah Maher A - - 2007
A combination of E and progestogens significantly increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in both T47D cells (E(2)-medroxyprogesteroneacetate [MPA] and E(2)-P) and MCF-7 cells (E(2)-MPA, E(2)-P, and equilin-MPA). All combinations resulted in higher MMP-9 levels in MCF-7 cells, but higher MMP-9 levels resulted only with equilin-norethinderone in T47D cells.
Ohneseit Petra Anna - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential radiosensitizing effect of the specific COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib (Celebrex) on prostate carcinoma cells in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The influence of celecoxib (concentration range 5 to 75 microM) on radiation-induced cellular and clonogenic survival was investigated in prostate carcinoma cell lines PC-3, DU145, LNCaP and ...
Shyam, Sunitha
Shyam, Sunitha, M.S., August 2007 School of Biomedical Sciences S-phase Synchronization Promotes Chemoradiotherapy-induced Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cell Lines. Directors of thesis: Gail. C. Fraizer and Alex Almasan Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death in men in the USA for the year 2007 and cells are generally ...
Jie Zhang
Prostate cancer cells adhere to a tumor basement membrane, while secretoryepithelial cells reside in a suprabasal cell compartment. Since tumor cells are derived fromsuprabasal epithelial cells, they experience de-novo substratum adhesion in the context ofoncogenesis. We therefore analyzed whether cell-matrix adhesion could affect the proteinexpression and activity of the AR. ...
Louis Simon N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing interest in the renin-angiotensin system in cancer, little is known about angiotensin II (Ang II) expression in human prostate tumors. METHODS: Using immunohistochemistry, we examined Ang II expression in prostate cancer (Gleason grades 2-5), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN). RESULTS: Ang II ...
Jönsson Daniel - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have addressed the association between changes in levels of the female sex hormone, estrogen, and changes in the parameters of periodontitis, but the mechanism behind estrogenic effects in the periodontium is poorly understood. There are two subtypes of estrogen receptors (ER), ERalpha and ERbeta. The objectives of ...
Kallergi Galatea - - 2007
We have recently identified a specific signaling pathway that regulates actin reorganization in malignant human breast and prostate epithelial cells associated with FAK, PI-3K and Rac1 activation. Here we report that this pathway operates in MCF7 cells upon activation of membrane androgen receptors (mAR). Stimulation of mAR by the non-permeable ...
Davies Gaynor - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prostate transglutaminase (TGase-4), has been identified as a TGase that has a pattern of prostate specific expression. This study sought to determine (i) the level of TGase-4 in human cancer cell lines including prostate cancer cells; (ii) to investigate the effect after knocking down the expression of TGase-4 transcript ...
Festuccia Claudio - - 2007
In the prostate, cellular growth and differentiation are finely regulated by a complex interaction between stromal and epithelial cells under the control of both autocrine and paracrine regulatory factors such as the nerve growth factor (NGF). However, the role of NGF and its receptors including the high-affinity p-140 TrkA and ...
Wu Fei - - 2007
17beta-Estradiol (E2), diethylstilbestrol (DES) and several synthetic (or xenoestrogenic) compounds induced transactivation in MCF-7 or MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with wild-type estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and a construct (pERE(3)) containing three tandem estrogen responsive elements (EREs) linked to a luciferase gene. In contrast, the antiestrogens ICI 182,780 and 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) were ...
Wernert Nicolas - - 2007
Tumor-stroma interactions are of great importance not only for the development and progression of primary prostate carcinoma but probably also for the establishment of metastasis. Fibroblasts are an important stromal cell type encountered by metastatic tumor cells at different sites. In previous investigations, we had found that media conditioned by ...
Goodison S - - 2007
We previously showed that the Mycoplasma hyorhinis-encoded protein p37 can promote invasion of cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner, an effect that was blocked by monoclonal antibodies specific for p37. In this study, we further elucidated changes in growth, morphology and gene expression in prostate cancer cell lines when treated ...
Daly-Burns Bernadette - - 2007
In the normal human prostate, undifferentiated proliferative cells reside in the basal layer and give rise to luminal secretory cells. There are, however, few epithelial cell lines that have a basal cell phenotype and are able to differentiate. We set out to develop a cell line with these characteristics that ...
Desai Bhavik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The expression level of osteopontin correlates with the metastatic potential of several tumors. Osteopontin is a well-characterized ligand for the alphavbeta3 integrin. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the possible role of osteopontin/alphavbeta3 signaling in prostate cancer cell migration. RESULTS: We generated stable prostate cancer cell (PC3) lines ...
Ye Fei - - 2007
Scutellaria baicalensis is a widely used Chinese herbal medicine historically used in antiinflammatory and anticancer therapy. The goals of the study were to 1) determine its in vitro and in vivo anti-prostate cancer activity, 2) investigate its molecular mechanism directed at cell proliferation control including cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >