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Trikha Saurabh - - 2013
Toxic human amylin oligomers and aggregates are implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (TTDM). Although recent studies have shown that pancreatic cells can recycle amylin monomers and toxic oligomers, the exact uptake mechanism and trafficking routes of these molecular forms and their significance for amylin toxicity are ...
Shibutani Yuki - - 2013
Insulin secretion from pancreatic β cells has an important role in the onset of type 2 diabetes. Insulin secretion from pancreatic β cells is regulated by pancreatic β cell mass and their insulin secretory function. By using pancreatic β cell-specific Rac1-knockout mice, we recently showed that Rac1 deletion, even with ...
Deng Jingjing - - 2013
miR-26a plays a critical role in tumorigenesis, either as a tumor suppressor or as an oncogenic miRNA, depending on different tumor types. However, the function of miR-26a in pancreatic cancer has not been clearly elucidated. The present study was designed to determine the roles of miR-26a in pancreatic cancer and ...
Shimizu Kazuya - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is highly resistant to systemic chemotherapy. Although there are many reports using pancreatic cancer cells derived from patients who did not receive chemotherapy, characteristics of pancreatic cancer cells from chemotherapy-resistant patients remain unclear. In this study, we set out to establish a cancer cell line in disseminated ...
Herreros-Villanueva M M 1] Division of Oncology Research, Schulze Center for Novel Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA [2] Department of Gastroenterology, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Hospital Donostia/Instituto Biodonostia, Universidad del País Vasco UPV/EHU, San Sebastián, - - 2013
SOX2 (Sex-determining region Y (SRY)-Box2) has important functions during embryonic development and is involved in cancer stem cell (CSC) maintenance, in which it impairs cell growth and tumorigenicity. However, the function of SOX2 in pancreatic cancer cells is unclear. The objective of this study was to analyze SOX2 expression in ...
Hegyi Peter P First Department of Medicine, University of Szeged, Koranyi fsr. 8, SZEGED, H6720, Hungary, - - 2013
There are many reviews of pancreatic acinar cell function and also of pancreatic duct function, but there is an almost total absence of synthetic reviews bringing the integrated functions of these two vitally and mutually interdependent cells together. This is what we have attempted to do in this chapter. In ...
Orabi Abrahim I AI Rangos Research Center, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of - - 2013
The pancreatic acinar cell is the main parenchymal cell of the exocrine pancreas and plays a primary role in the secretion of pancreatic enzymes into the pancreatic duct. It is also the site for the initiation of pancreatitis. Here we describe how acinar cells are isolated from whole pancreas tissue ...
Maitra Anirban A Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2012
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Kopp and colleagues report that pancreatic ductal cells are largely refractory to the induction of pancreatic neoplasia. Whereas a rare ductal subpopulation may still prove capable of neoplastic transformation, these findings refocus attention on acinar and other non-ductal cell types as initiators of this ...
Kopp Janel L JL Departments of Pediatrics and Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0695, - - 2012
Tumors are largely classified by histologic appearance, yet morphologic features do not necessarily predict cellular origin. To determine the origin of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA), we labeled and traced pancreatic cell populations after induction of a PDA-initiating Kras mutation. Our studies reveal that ductal and stem-like centroacinar cells are surprisingly ...
Zertal-Zidani S - - 2013
The main objective of this work was to discover new drugs that can activate the differentiation of multipotent pancreatic progenitors into endocrine cells. In vitro experiments were performed using fetal pancreatic explants from rats and mice. In this assay, we examined the actions on pancreatic cell development of glibenclamide, a ...
Maléth József - - 2012
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease with no specific treatment. One of the main reasons behind the lack of specific therapy is that the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis is poorly understood. During the development of acute pancreatitis, the disease-inducing factors can damage both cell types of the exocrine pancreas, namely ...
Wang Dongjie - - 2013
Grape seed phenolic extract (GSE) is predicted to have health benefits, even though its bioavailability, including digestibility, permeability and ultimate metabolism, are still poorly understood. In vitro gastric and pancreatic digestion and in vitro ileal and faecal fermentation were combined with Caco-2 cell permeability studies for GSE samples. Qualitatively, there ...
Fukui Yuri - - 2012
BACKGROUND: High serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) levels and infiltration of IgG4-positive cells are characteristic of Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). We previously reported that increased regulatory T cells (Tregs) may regulate IgG4 production in AIP. Although an increased serum IgG4 concentration is observed in some patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma ...
Bünger S - - 2012
Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most deadly malignancies with insufficient therapeutic options and poor outcome. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be responsible for progression and therapy resistance. We investigated the potential of pancreatic cell lines for CSC research by analyzing to what extent they contain CSC ...
Thompson Tim - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Copper-based compounds have been used as agricultural fungicides for many years. Their use in Australia is escalating with increase in the scale of planting and associated pest problems. The objective of this study was to identify viticulture activities associated with high exposure to foliage sprays. It would be determined ...
Avila Jacqueline L - - 2012
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is believed to arise from precursor lesions termed pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN). Mouse models have demonstrated that targeted expression of activated K-ras to mature acinar cells in the pancreas induces the spontaneous development of PanIN lesions; implying acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) is a key event in this process. ...
Djoko Karrera Y - - 2012
NGO0579 is annotated copA in the Neisseria gonorrhoeae chromosome, suggesting that it encodes a cation-transporting ATPase specific for copper ions. Compared to wild-type cells, a copA mutant was more sensitive to killing by copper ions but not to other transition metals. The mutant also accumulated a greater amount of copper, ...
Marzluff William F - - 2011
Comment on: Rizkallah R, et al. Cell Cycle 2011; 10:3327-36.
Kasuya Kazuhiko - - 2011
At present, no effective chemotherapy for pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (PNEC) exists. However, anti-angiogenic therapy is expected to be effective for PNEC, a hypervascular tumor. We treated PNEC and hypovascular pancreatic ductal cell carcinoma (DCC) cell lines with the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody bevacizumab, and compared the antitumor effect ...
Corbett David D Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2012
We report here the identification and characterization of two zinc uptake systems, ZurAM and ZinABC, in the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Transcription of both operons was zinc responsive and regulated by the zinc-sensing repressor Zur. Deletion of either zurAM or zinA had no detectable effect on growth in defined media, ...
Sliwa Dominika - - 2011
Friedreich ataxia is a hereditary neurodegenerative disease caused by reduced expression of mitochondrial frataxin. Frataxin deficiency causes impairment in respiratory capacity, disruption of iron homeostasis and hypersensitivity to oxidants. Although the redox properties of NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide; NAD+ and NADH) are essential for energy metabolism, only few results are ...
Kinch Lisa L Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, - - 2011
Fumarate hydratase (FH) is a tumor suppressor, but how it acts is unclear. Two reports in this issue of Cancer Cell reveal that FH deficiency leads to succination of Keap1, stabilization of Nrf2, and induction of stress-response genes including HMOX1, which is important for the survival of FH-deficient cells.
Fukao Yoichiro - - 2011
Although zinc is an essential micronutrient for all living organisms, zinc is harmful to cells at high levels. In the presence of excess zinc, plants exhibit several major symptoms, including root growth inhibition, abnormal root hair morphology and chlorosis. To dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of excess zinc ...
Norelli Giuseppe - - 2011
Comment on: Puca R, et al. Cell Cycle 2011; 10:1679-89.
Haller Jorge F JF Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine, - - 2011
Inherited glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI) deficiency is the second most frequent glycolytic erythroenzymopathy in humans. Patients present with non-spherocytic anemia of variable severity and with neuromuscular dysfunction. We previously described Chinese hamster (CHO) cell lines with mutations in GPI and loss of GPI activity. This resulted in a temperature sensitivity and ...
Matos Liliana - - 2012
Human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) exposed to subcytotoxic concentrations of oxidative or stressful agents, such as hydrogen peroxide, tert-butylhydroperoxide, or ethanol, undergo stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS). This condition is characterized by the appearance of replicative senescence biomarkers such as irreversible growth arrest, increase in senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA β-gal) activity, altered cell ...
Saraya Ruchi - - 2011
We identified two proteins, Pex25 and Rho1, which are involved in reintroduction of peroxisomes in peroxisome-deficient yeast cells. These are, together with Pex3, the first proteins identified as essential for this process. Of the three members of the Hansenula polymorpha Pex11 protein family-Pex11, Pex25, and Pex11C-only Pex25 was required for ...
Dodani Sheel C SC Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, - - 2011
We present the design, synthesis, spectroscopy, and biological applications of Mitochondrial Coppersensor-1 (Mito-CS1), a new type of targetable fluorescent sensor for imaging exchangeable mitochondrial copper pools in living cells. Mito-CS1 is a bifunctional reporter that combines a Cu(+)-responsive fluorescent platform with a mitochondrial-targeting triphenylphosphonium moiety for localizing the probe to ...
Dutta Amrita - - 2011
We have demonstrated that reducing zinc availability with the extracellular chelator diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) causes rapid inhibition of cellular zinc efflux in H4IIE hepatoma cells but increases zinc efflux in primary hepatocytes. Similar differences were also observed between the rat anterior pituitary cell line GH3 and primary anterior pituitary cells. ...
Caja Laia - - 2011
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) mediates several and sometime opposite effects in epithelial cells, inducing growth inhibition, and apoptosis but also promoting an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, which enhances cell migration and invasion. TGF-β plays relevant roles in different liver pathologies; however, very few is known about its specific ...
Armisén Ricardo - - 2011
Altered expression of some members of the TRP ion channel superfamily has been associated with the development of pathologies like cancer. In particular, TRPM4 levels are reportedly elevated in diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, prostate, and cervical cancer. However, whether such changes in TRPM4 expression may be relevant to genesis ...
Galli Carlo - - 2010
It is known that the roughness of titanium surfaces affects cell proliferation and differentiation. However, the mechanisms mediating the cellular responses to surface topography are only partially understood. The present study investigated whether Wnt canonical signaling, an important pathway in determining cell fate, is modulated by surface roughness. This study ...
Pineau Ludovic - - 2010
Exposure to long-chain saturated fatty acids (SFAs; e.g. palmitate) induces apoptosis in pancreatic β cells, a process that may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes. Under palmitate treatment, β cells undergo a so-called endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that can be counteracted by the unfolded protein response (UPR). The ...
Leow Pay-Chin - - 2010
Aberrant activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway promotes osteosarcoma tumorigenesis and metastasis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that osteosarcoma progression may be delayed by disrupting the Wnt/β-catenin pathway using small molecule inhibitors such as curcumin and PKF118-310. Effective inhibitions of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway by curcumin and PKF118-310 in ...
Matthews L C - - 2011
Developmental insults during gestation, such as under-nutrition, are known to restrict the number of beta cells that form in the fetal pancreas and are maintained in adulthood, leading to increased risk of type 2 diabetes. There are now substantial data indicating that glucocorticoids mediate this effect of under-nutrition on beta ...
Duttaroy Alokesh - - 2011
The present study addressed the effect of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor vildagliptin ((1-[[(3-hydroxy-1-adamantyl) amino] acetyl]-2-cyano-(S)-pyrrolidine), LAF237) on pancreatic beta cell mass in neonatal rats. Newborn rats were treated orally with vildagliptin (60mg/kg) or vehicle once daily for 19days starting from postnatal day 2. Pancreatic immunohistochemistry and morphometric analysis were ...
Jörns Anne - - 2010
To compare the effects of glucocorticoids and thyroid hormones on the regulation of the beta cell mass in the pancreas, the rats were treated and analyzed for cell cycle changes in islet and duct cells as a source for beta cell neogenesis. Different rat pancreases were morphometrically analyzed after immunohistochemical ...
Liu Ping P Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2010
Past studies on β-catenin in cancer cells focused on nuclear localized β-catenin and its involvement in the Wnt pathway. Our goal here was to investigate the function of β-catenin in both the cytoplasm and nucleus on the regulation of MT1-MMP expression and activity. We found that β-catenin in MDCK non-cancer ...
Köhler Christina U - - 2011
β-Cell regeneration declines with aging, but the molecular mechanisms controlling β-cell replication in humans are not well understood. We compared the expression of selected cell cycle proteins in prenatal and adult tissue and examined the association of these proteins with β-cell replication. Pancreatic tissue from a total of 20 human ...
Kwon Chang Young - - 2010
Serum response factor (SRF) regulates transcription of the immediate early genes and triggers proliferation, migration and differentiation in several types of cells. We examined the role of SRF in HCC by transfecting the SRF cDNA in HLE cells and the SRF anti-sense cDNA in sarcomatoid HCC cells. The overexpression of ...
Liu Ya-Chen - - 2010
The Wnt/β-catenin pathway has been implicated in leukemogenesis. We found β-catenin abnormally accumulated in both human acute T cell leukemia Jurkat cells and human erythroleukemia HEL cells. β-Catenin can be significantly down-regulated by the Janus kinase 2 specific inhibitor AG490 in these two cells. AG490 also reduces the luciferase activity ...
Salpeter Seth J - - 2010
Pancreatic beta cell proliferation has emerged as the principal mechanism for homeostatic maintenance of beta cell mass during adult life. This underscores the importance of understanding the mechanisms of beta cell replication and suggests novel approaches for regenerative therapy to treat diabetes. Here we use an in vivo pulse-chase labeling ...
Chien Ming-Hsien - - 2010
Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. β-Sitosterol, an important phytosterol found in plant food, is known to exert antiatherosclerosis activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying β-sitosterol-induced antiproliferation of VSMCs were still not clear. This study demonstrated that β-sitosterol (1-20 ...
Valtat B - - 2011
Prenatal exposure to excess glucocorticoids associates with low birthweight in rodents, primates and humans and its involvement in programming glucose homeostasis is suspected. Our aim was to further dissect the role of glucocorticoids on beta cell development and function in mice. Using the model of maternal general food restriction during ...
Chung Cheng-Ho - - 2010
Because type 1 and type 2 diabetes are characterized by loss of β-cells, β-cell regeneration has garnered great interest as an approach to diabetes therapy. Here, we developed a new model of β-cell regeneration, combining pancreatic duct ligation (PDL) with elimination of pre-existing β-cells with alloxan. In this model, in ...
Fan R - - 2010
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) stimulates beta-cell proliferation and enhances beta-cell survival, whereas oligomerization of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) may induce beta-cell apoptosis and reduce beta-cell mass. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased expression of IAPP. As GLP-1-based therapy is currently developed as a novel antidiabetic therapy, we examined the ...
Zheng Xiaofen X Ocular Surface Center, Cullen Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
To develop a new bioassay method using human lung epithelial cells (CCL-185) to assess activity of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) in human tear fluid from normal subjects and patients with dry eye. Two epithelial cell lines, mink lung cells (CCL-64) and human lung cells (CCL-185), were compared to detect ...
Sangan Caroline B - - 2010
Cell therapy means treating diseases with the body's own cells. One of the cell types most in demand for therapeutic purposes is the pancreatic β-cell. This is because diabetes is one of the major healthcare problems in the world. Diabetes can be treated by islet transplantation but the major limitation ...
DiVito Kyle A - - 2010
The list of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β)-related proteins in non-canonical TGF-β signaling is growing. Examples include receptor-Smads directing micro-RNA processing and inhibitory-Smads, e.g. Smad7, directing cell adhesion. Human skin grafts with fluorescently tagged melanoma cells revealed Smad7-expressing cells positioned themselves proximal to the dermal-epidermal junction and failed to form tumors, ...
Nath Niharika - - 2010
β-Catenin is a central player of the Wnt signaling pathway that regulates cell-cell adhesion and may promote leukemia cell proliferation. We examined whether JS-K, an NO-donating prodrug, modulates the Wnt/β-catenin/TCF-4 signaling pathway in Jurkat T-Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia cells. JS-K inhibited Jurkat T cell growth in a concentration and time-dependent manner. ...
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