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 Results 551 - 600 of 2263 < 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 > 551 Cortés Juan Carlos G - - 2007 Cytokinesis is a crucial event in the cell cycle of all living cells. In fungal cells, it requires co-ordinated contraction of an actomyosin ring and synthesis of both plasmatic membrane and a septum structure that will constitute the new cell wall end. Schizosaccharomyces pombe contains four essential putative (1,3)beta-d-glucan synthase ... 552 Schneider Stephan Q - - 2007 In response to Wnt signaling during animal development, beta-catenin accumulates in nuclei to mediate the transcriptional activation of target genes. Here, we show that a highly conserved beta-catenin in the annelid Platynereis dumerilii exhibits a reiterative, nearly universal embryonic pattern of nuclear accumulation remarkably similar to that observed in the ... 553 Zhao Yu-Feng - - 2007 Adipokines, the bioactive factors derived mainly from adipocytes, regulate pancreatic beta-cell function including insulin secretion, gene expression and apoptosis. In this review, we propose that adipokines influence beta-cell function through three interdependent pathways. The first is through regulating lipid and glucose metabolism in beta-cells. The second implicates the change of ... 554 Heikkilä Eija - - 2007 Densin is a member of LAP (leucine-rich repeat and PDZ domain) protein family that localizes in kidney to slit diaphragms, which are essential components of the glomerular filtration barrier. We have previously shown that densin interacts with a crucial slit diaphragm protein, nephrin. Here, we searched for novel binding partners ... 555 Brown James E P - - 2007 The adipokine resistin is known to induce insulin resistance in rodent tissues. Increases in adipose tissue mass are known to have a negative effect on pancreatic beta-cell function, although the mechanisms are poorly understood. This study investigated the effects of resistin on insulin secretion, insulin receptor expression and cell viability ... 556 King Aileen J F - - 2007 Islets are composed mostly of beta-cells, and therefore stem cell research has concentrated on generating purified beta-cells, neglecting the other endocrine cell types in the islet. We investigated the presence of endocrine non-beta-cells after islet transplantation. In addition, we studied whether the transplantation of pure beta-cells, in volumes similar to ... 557 Adsul Mukund - - 2007 Lactobacillus delbrueckii mutant Uc-3 utilizes both cellobiose and cellotriose efficiently, converting it into L(+) lactic acid. The enzyme activities of cellobiose and cellotriose utilization were determined for cell extracts, whole cells, and disrupted cells. Aryl-beta-glucosidase activity was detected only for whole cells and disrupted cells, suggesting that these activities are ... 558 Alibardi Lorenzo - - 2007 Beta-keratins form a large part of the proteins contained in the hard beta layer of reptilian scales. The expression of genes encoding glycine-proline-rich beta-keratins in normal and regenerating epidermis of two species of gecko lizards has been studied by in situ hybridization. The probes localize mRNAs in differentiating oberhautchen and ... 559 Brennand Kristen - - 2007 In healthy adult mice, the beta cell population is not maintained by stem cells but instead by the replication of differentiated beta cells. It is not known, however, whether all beta cells contribute equally to growth and maintenance, as it may be that some cells replicate while others do not. ... 560 Kitamura Tadahiro - - 2007 Forkhead transcription factors of the FoxO family have important roles in cellular proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and stress resistance. FoxO proteins also play important roles in metabolism of complex organisms. FoxO1 regulates glucose and lipid metabolism in liver, as well as preadipocyte, myoblast and vascular endothelial cell differentiation. In the hypothalamus, ... 561 Bodendorf S - - 2007 Wound fluids were collected up to 60 h after abdominal surgery. Immediately after obtaining the wound fluid by Robinson drainage, wound fluid was centrifuged to remove blood cells and inflammatory cells. The concentration of total protein as well as of thymosin beta(4) was determined in the cell-free supernatant solution. Total ... 562 Kirkpatrick, Nanda Duhe 5$\alpha$-Cholest-8(14)-en-3$\beta$-ol-15-one is a potent inhibitor of cholesterol biosynthesis in cultured cells. Cells derived from the CHO K-1 cell line have been isolated based on their ability to grow in high concentrations of 5$\alpha$-cholest-8(14)-en-3$\beta$-ol-15-one (up to 40 $\mu$M). These cells, designated as the 15-ketosterol-adapted or K(15) cells, accumulate cytoplasmic lipid-rich regions ... 563 Rodgers Melissa J MJ Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9041, - - 2007 The parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei contains two type III phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases (alpha and beta). We have cloned the gene encoding the T. brucei type III phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase beta (TbPI4KIII-beta), expressed the protein in COS-7 cells, and confirmed that the protein catalyzes the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol. Depletion of TbPI4KIII-beta in procyclic ... 564 Calderari S - - 2007 AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a spontaneous model of type 2 diabetes. Defective beta cell mass detectable in late fetal age precedes the onset of hyperglycaemia. Our hypothesis was that an embryonic IGF production deficiency might be involved in beta cell mass anomaly in the diabetic GK rat. To ... 565 Amoyal Ilana - - 2007 Increased fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in erythroid precursors of patients with beta-hemoglobinopathies (sickle cell anemia and beta-thalassemia), in which adult hemoglobin synthesis is defective, ameliorates the clinical symptoms of the underlying diseases. The production of erythroid precursors depends on the action of erythropoietin (EPO), which prevents their apoptosis and stimulates their ... 566 Ciurea Stefan O - - 2007 In order to investigate the biologic processes underlying and resulting from the megakaryocytic hyperplasia that characterizes idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF), peripheral blood CD34+ cells isolated from patients with IMF, polycythemia vera (PV), and G-CSF-mobilized healthy volunteers were cultured in the presence of stem cell factor and thrombopoietin. IMF CD34+ cells generated ... 567 Glauser Dominique A - - 2007 FOXO transcription factors critically control fundamental cellular processes, including metabolism, cell differentiation, cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, and other reactions to cellular stress. FOXO factors sense the balance between stimuli promoting growth and differentiation versus stress stimuli signaling damage. Integrated through the FOXO system, these divergent stimuli decide on cell ... 568 Graham, Nicholas Alexander Precise and dynamic control of cell behaviors, including proliferation, adhesion, and migration, is required for proper tissue organization and homeostasis. A key element to understanding how these cellular functions are controlled lies in uncovering the topology of the molecular signaling networks that couple environmental signals to cellular responses. In this ... 569 Lillehoj Erik P EP Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 655 West Baltimore Street, BRB 13-029, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. - - 2007 beta-Catenin binds to the cytoplasmic region of the type 1 membrane glycoprotein MUC1. In the current study, we utilized HEK293T cells expressing the full-length MUC1 protein, or a CD8/MUC1 fusion protein containing only the MUC1 cytoplasmic tail, to investigate the effects of beta-catenin binding to MUC1 on downstream beta-catenin-dependent events. ... 570 Shimoda Kei - - 2007 The glycosylation of capsaicin and 8-nordihydrocapsaicin was investigated using cultured cells of Catharanthus roseus. In addition to capsaicin 4-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside (170 microg/g fr. wt of cells), the biotransformation products, capsaicin 4-O-(6-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (116 microg/g fr. wt of cells) and capsaicin 4-O-(6-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (83 microg/g fr. wt of cells), were isolated from the cell ... 571 Kulkarni Rohit N - - 2007 How insulin-secreting beta cells of the pancreas communicate with each other is largely unknown. In this issue of Cell, Konstantinova et al. (2007) show that the signaling proteins EphA and ephrin-A modulate insulin secretion, providing fresh insights into the functional significance of the clustering of beta cells, which occurs in ... 572 Ryu Soo-In - - 2007 beta-Galactosyl-trehalose oligosaccharides (beta-GTOs) were enzymatically prepared as a mixture of 6-beta-galactosyl-trehalose (1) and 4-beta-galactosyl-trehalose (2) with a 9:1 ratio (w/w). The beta-GTO mixture showed a highly enhanced hygroscopicity as compared to those of trehalose and other sugars used. At 72 h of incubation under 90% relative humidity and room temperature, ... 573 Wong Helen Pui Shan - - 2007 Cigarette smoking has been implicated in colon cancer. Nicotine is a major alkaloid in cigarette smoke. In the present study, we showed that nicotine stimulated HT-29 cell proliferation and adrenaline production in a dose-dependent manner. The stimulatory action of nicotine was reversed by atenolol and ICI 118,551, a beta(1)- and ... 574 Waisman Ari - - 2007 We describe a mouse strain in which B cell development relies either on the expression of membrane-bound immunoglobulin (Ig) gamma1 or mu heavy chains. Progenitor cells expressing gamma1 chains from the beginning generate a peripheral B cell compartment of normal size with all subsets, but a partial block is seen ... 575 Speier Stephan - - 2007 We studied the effect of gap junctional coupling on the excitability of beta-cells in slices of pancreas, which provide a normal environment for islet cells. The electrophysiological properties of beta-cells from mice (C57Bl/6 background) lacking the gap junction protein connexin36 (Cx36(-/-)) were compared with heterozygous (Cx36(+/-)) and wild-type littermates (Cx36(+/+)) ... 576 Hu Da-Lin - - 2007 OBJECTIVE: To explore the toxicological mechanism of hydroquinone in human bronchial epithelial cells and to investigate whether DNA polymerase beta is involved in protecting cells from damage caused by hydroquinone. METHODS: DNA polymerase beta knock-down cell line was established via RNA interference as an experimental group. Normal human bronchial epithelial ... 577 Cerf Marlon E - - 2007 OBJECTIVES: Reported here are the effects of a high-fat diet (HFD) fed to dams during pregnancy on the weight, beta- and alpha-cell development, and beta-cell function of their weanling offspring. METHODS: Offspring were obtained from dams maintained on an HFD for the first, second, or third week of gestation or ... 578 Ferrer Jorge - - 2007 Diabetes results from the absolute or relative deficiency of insulin-producing beta cells. The prospect that non-beta pancreatic cells could be harnessed to become beta cells has led to interest in understanding the plasticity of pancreatic cells. Recent studies, however, have shown that adult beta cells are largely derived from preexisting ... 579 Kupriyanova Elena - - 2007 Active extracellular carbonic anhydrases (CAs) were found in the alkaliphilic stromatolite-forming cyanobacterium Microcoleus chthonoplastes. Enzyme activity was detected in intact cells and in the cell envelope fraction. Western blot analysis of polypeptides from the cell envelope suggested the presence of at least two polypeptides cross-reacting with antibodies against both alpha ... 580 Alonso Laura C LC University of Pittsburgh, Division of Endocrinology, 200 Lothrop St., BST E1140, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. - - 2007 Developing new techniques to induce beta-cells to replicate is a major goal in diabetes research. Endogenous beta-cells replicate in response to metabolic changes, such as obesity and pregnancy, which increase insulin requirement. Mouse genetic models promise to reveal the pathways responsible for compensatory beta-cell replication. However, no simple, short-term, physiological ... 581 Lin Chen-Yu - - 2007 Tetrahydrofuran (THF) has commonly been used to deliver carotenoids to cells but the use of THF is associated with cytotoxicity and low uptake efficiency of carotenoids. Here, we used fetal bovine serum (FBS) as the delivery vehicle for lycopene in comparison with THF, THF containing 0.0025 % butylated hydroxytoluene (THF/BHT), ... 582 Shah H R - - 2008 AIMS: To investigate the cytotoxicity of beta-lapachone, a potent agent that may selectively target tumour cells, in retinoblastoma (RB) cell lines. METHODS: Growth inhibitory effects of beta-lapachone were evaluated in Y79, WERI-RB1, and RBM human retinoblastoma cell lines. Pro-apoptotic effects of beta-lapachone were evaluated in Y79 cells by detection of ... 583 Touma Maki - - 2007 CD3epsilongamma and CD3epsilondelta are noncovalent heterodimers; each consists of Ig-like extracellular domains associated side-to-side via paired terminal beta-strands that are linked to individual subunit membrane proximal stalk segments. CD3epsilon, CD3gamma, and CD3delta stalks contain the RxCxxCxE motif. To investigate the functional importance of a CD3 stalk and terminal beta-strand, we ... 584 Wajchenberg Bernardo L - - 2007 There is a progressive deterioration in beta-cell function and mass in type 2 diabetics. It was found that islet function was about 50% of normal at the time of diagnosis, and a reduction in beta-cell mass of about 60% was shown at necropsy. The reduction of beta-cell mass is attributable ... 585 Hinke S A - - 2007 Two mechanisms have been proposed to explain the insulin-sensitising properties of metformin in peripheral tissues: (a) inhibition of electron transport chain complex I, and (b) activation of the AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK). However the relationship between these mechanisms and their contribution to beta-cell death and dysfunction in vitro, are ... 586 Yoshibayashi Hiroshi - - 2007 We have previously shown that expression of SIAH1 is frequently down-regulated in HCCs and associated with their advanced stages. It has been shown that SIAH1 functions in the phosphorylation-independent degradation of beta-catenin and induces apoptosis and growth arrest. To examine if the effects of SIAH1 overexpression depend on the altered ... 587 Ray Ramesh M - - 2007 Polyamine depletion with the ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor alpha-difluoromethyl ornithine (DFMO), prevents Rac1 activation causing the formation of a thick actin cortex at the cell periphery and inhibits migration of intestinal epithelial cells. In the present study, we demonstrate that MEK activation by EGF increased Rac1 activation, dissociation of intercellular contacts, ... 588 Atouf Fouad - - 2007 We used cre/loxP-based genetic lineage tracing analysis to test a previously proposed hypothesis that in vitro cultured adult pancreatic beta-cells undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to generate a highly proliferative, differentiation-competent population of mesenchymal islet "progenitor" cells. Our results in the mouse that are likely to be directly relevant to the ... 589 Piaggi Simona - - 2007 The aim of this research was to characterize 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) toxicity on the insulin-secreting beta-cell line INS-1E. A sharp decline of cell survival (below 20%) was observed after 1 h exposure to TCDD concentrations between 12.5 and 25 nM. Ultrastructurally, beta-cell death was characterized by extensive degranulation, appearance of autophagic ... 590 Raffel Andreas - - 2007 Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is caused by uncontrolled insulin release either from neoplastic pancreatic beta-cells or from functionally defective beta-cells. The latter disorder, which is usually seen in newborns, has been called nesidioblastosis and is divided histopathologically into a focal and diffuse type. In adults, nesidioblastosis is rare, and therefore its histopathologic ... 591 Yasui H - - 2007 We have reported previously that R-enantiomer of etodolac (R-etodolac), which is under investigation in phase 2 clinical trials in chronic lymphocytic leukemia, induces potent cytotoxicity at clinically relevant concentrations in multiple myeloma (MM) cells. In this study, we demonstrated that SDX-308 (CEP-18082), a novel analog of etodolac, has more potent ... 592 Olson Keith R - - 2007 Many cell-based assays interrogating cell pathway activation employ protocols that require microscopic imaging techniques. However, such assays are not in general widely adopted for primary screening. Protein complementation, particularly of enzymes, provides an alternative approach for cell pathway analysis, with a principal advantage that is amenable to high throughput screening ... 593 Ackermann Amanda M - - 2007 Pancreatic beta-cells are responsible for producing all of the insulin required by an organism to maintain glucose homeostasis. Defects in development, maintenance, or expansion of beta-cell mass can result in impaired glucose metabolism and diabetes. Thus, identifying the molecular regulators of these processes may provide new therapeutic targets for diabetes. ... 594 Sakai Yumiko - - 2007 The deletion of MCD4 leads to an increase in beta-1,6-glucan level and a decrease in glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein and mannan levels in the cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, suggesting that mcd4 deletion mutant (mcd4Delta) displays beta-glucans on the cell surface without a mannan cover. An observation of the cell surface of ... 595 Chan Katie K Radiation and Genome Stability Unit, Medical Research Council, Harwell, Oxfordshire OX11 0RD, - - 2007 DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta) is important for the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Overexpression of Pol beta is frequently found in cancer cells and is thought to be associated with tumorigenesis. In this study, we examined BER fidelity in extracts derived from a human lymphoblastoid cell line that over ... 596 Lee Eun-Jeong - - 2007 Three Arabidopsis genes encoding a putative beta-galactosidase (At5g56870), beta-xylosidase (At5g49360) and beta-glucosidase (At3g60140) are induced by sugar starvation. The deduced proteins belong to the glycosyl hydrolase families 35, 3 and 1, respectively. They are predicted to be secretory proteins that play roles in modification of cell wall polysaccharides based on ... 597 Strandberg Karin - - 2007 Beta(2)-adrenoceptors are widely distributed and occur on airway epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to find out whether the two long-acting beta(2)-agonists formoterol and salmeterol influence interleukin-6 (IL-6) and -8 (IL-8) release from airway epithelial cells in vitro. A549 cells and primary bronchial epithelial cells (PBEC) were stimulated ... 598 Chen Mercy S MS Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, M638a Houston, TX 77030-3498, - - 2007 The COMMA-Dbeta-geo cell line has been shown to contain a permanent subpopulation of progenitor cells that are enriched in outgrowth potential. Using the COMMA-Dbeta-geo cell line as a model, we sought to study the radioresistance of mammary progenitor cells. Using the putative progenitor cell marker stem cell antigen 1 (Sca1), ... 599 Buslei Rolf - - 2007 Activation of the Wnt/wingless signalling cascade is a key mechanism in developmental morphogenesis, whereas aberrant nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin in adult tissues seems to be associated with neoplastic transformation and tumour progression. Adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas carry activating mutations in exon 3 of the beta-catenin gene, which results in a distinct pattern ... 600 Heart Emma - - 2007 Pulsatile insulin output, paralleled by oscillations in intracellular Ca(2+), reflect oscillating metabolism within beta-cells in response to secretory fuels. Here we question whether oscillatory periodicity is conserved or varied from stimulation to stimulation, whether glycolysis is essential for the manifestation of an oscillatory response, and if an environment of nutrient ... < 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >