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Results 401 - 450 of 2301
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Tomatsu Makoto - - 2004
We recently found that aralin, a novel cytotoxic protein consisting of two subunits, from Aralia elata selectively induces apoptosis in transformed cells as compared to normal cells. Here we report that aralin is a lectin specific for galactose (Gal) and its derivatives, and possesses RNA N-glycosidase activity as a new ...
Marchand Mathieu - - 2004
The protochlorophyllide transformation process was investigated by using comparative analysis of 77 K fluorescence spectral changes occurring in isolated bundle sheath (BS) cells of etiolated Zea mays leaves after being exposed to a 200 ms saturating flash. Deconvolution analysis of the fluorescence spectra showed essential differences in the ratio of ...
Mamidipudi Vidya - - 2004
Cancer cells are capable of serum- and anchorage-independent growth, and focus formation on monolayers of normal cells. Previously, we showed that RACK1 inhibits c-Src kinase activity and NIH3T3 cell growth. Here, we show that RACK1 partially inhibits v-Src kinase activity, and the serum- and anchorage-independent growth of v-Src transformed cells, ...
Sedo Aleksi - - 2004
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV has been demonstrated to play a role in cancer biology by many authors. Since then, additional proteins possessing similar enzymatic activity have been described and their role in cancerogenesis has been hypothesized. To assess the complexity of these 'Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV activity and/or structure homologs' (DASH) in glioma cells, ...
Raikhlin N T - - 2004
Vilon stimulated and Epithalon suppressed the expression of argyrophilic proteins in nucleolar organizer regions of thymocytes and epithelial cells, stimulating or reducing, respectively, the formation, assembly, and transport of ribosomes into the cytoplasm and thus determining the intensity of protein synthesis in these cells. A direct mitogenic effect of Vilon ...
Matsubayashi Yoshikatsu - - 2004
The relative growth rate of plant cells in vitro is considerably affected by initial cell density. This troublesome effect has interfered with the establishment of efficient plant cell culture systems, especially when only a small number of cells are expected to survive, such as in the genetic transformation of cells ...
Peña Leandro - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Genetic transformation of plants relies on two independent but concurrent processes: integration of foreign DNA into plant cells and regeneration of whole plants from these transformed cells. Cell competence for regeneration and for transformation does not always fall into the same cell type/developmental stage, and this is ...
Langbecker Camri L - - 2004
Although leaf chloroplast transformation technology was developed more than a decade ago, no reports exist of stable transformation of undeveloped plastids or other specialized plastid types, such as proplastids, etioplasts, or amyloplasts. In this work we report development of a dark-grown tobacco suspension cell model system to investigate the transformation ...
Zhang H - - 2004
Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation has been used for many years to study chemical carcinogenesis in vitro. It has been shown that this assay is probably the most predictive short-term test system for identifying rodent carcinogens. Although most of the operational difficulties encountered in the early stage of application ...
Pettit George R - - 2004
Aaptamine (1) was used as starting material for synthetic transformation to isoaaptamine (2), 9-demethylaaptamine (5), and 4-methylaaptamine (6). A general method for the selective O-demethylation of such 1H-benzo[de][1,6]-naphthyridine (1) marine sponge constituents at position C-9 has been developed. Selective O-demethylation of aaptamine (1) and 1-methylaaptamine (11) with 48% hydrobromic acid ...
Perkins Darren J - - 2004
Suppression of protein synthesis through phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2alpha) is known to occur in response to many forms of cellular stress. To further study this, we have developed novel cell lines that inducibly express FLAG-tagged versions of either the phosphomimetic ...
Williams Norman E - - 2004
The cortical protein Epc1p is the most abundant protein in the membrane skeleton, or epiplasm, of Tetrahymena thermophila. A partial sequence of the EPC1 gene was obtained and used to obtain a knockout construct that was successful in transforming Tetrahymena thermophila cells. The results support the conclusion that Epc1p influences ...
Sharman Wesley M - - 2004
Targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) offers the opportunity of enhancing photodynamic efficiency by directly targeting diseased cells and tissues. While antibody-conjugates have received the most attention, cellular transformations offer numerous other potent targets to exploit during the delivery of photosensitizers (PSs) for PDT. Alterations in receptor expression, increased levels of specific ...
Rowe Cheryl A - - 2004
The phytochemical composition of passionfruit juice (PFJ) was hypothesized to have valuable anti-cancer activity, and this was tested in a BALB/c 3T3 neoplastic transformation model. A higher concentration of PFJ compared with a lower concentration was effective in reducing the number, size, and invasiveness of transformed foci. When incubated with ...
Morel Johanne - - 2004
Five cDNAs encoding Rac protein homologues to the Rho-related proteins from plants (Rop) were isolated in tobacco, and the function of one of them, Ntrac5, was studied. The Ntrac5 mRNA is repressed when tobacco leaves and cells are treated with the fungal elicitor cryptogein. Tobacco cells were transformed with sense ...
Bose Bipasha - - 2004
Malachite Green (MG), consisting of green crystals with a metallic lustre, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells and also acts as a liver tumour promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Rodríguez-González Agustín - - 2003
Cancer treatment is in the need of selective drugs that can interfere specifically with signalling pathways affected during the carcinogenic process. Identification of new potential molecular targets is the key event in the design of new anticancer strategies. Once identified, attempts for the generation of specific molecules to regulate their ...
Yamaguchi Fusae - - 2003
Fourteen chemical agents used in dental practice were assessed for their cell-transforming activity using the Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay system. The cell-transforming activity was quantitatively assessed by the frequency of morphological transformation (MT) in SHE cells induced by these agents. MT was induced by m-cresol, guaiacol, formaldehyde, ...
Steinmoen Hilde - - 2003
Several streptococcal species are able to take up naked DNA from the environment and integrate it into their genomes by homologous recombination. This process is called natural transformation. In Streptococcus pneumoniae and related streptococcal species, competence for natural transformation is induced by a peptide pheromone through a quorum-sensing mechanism. Recently ...
Wang Xiaoying - - 2003
Intracerebral hemorrhagic transformation is a multifactorial phenomenon in which ischemic brain tissue converts into a hemorrhagic lesion with blood-vessel leakage, extravasation, and further brain injury. It has been estimated that up to 30-40% of all ischemic strokes undergo spontaneous hemorrhagic transformation, and this phenomenon may become even more prevalent with ...
Lynch Mary - - 2004
Translation initiation is poised between global regulation of cell growth and specific regulation of cell division. The mRNA cap-binding protein (eIF4E) is a critical integrator of cell growth and division because it is rate-limiting for translation initiation and is also rate-limiting for G(1) progression. Translation initiation factor eIF4E is also ...
Forsburg Susan L - - 2003
Methods of transformation rely upon conditioning cells to take up DNA, and growing them under selective conditions to establish and maintain the plasmid or integration. Different methods may be used, including electroporation, treatment with lithium cations, or protoplast treatment which removes the cell wall. Protoplasts prepared as for transformation can ...
Sunil Kumar G B - - 2003
Hepatitis B virus ' s ' gene coding for surface antigen was cloned into plant transformation vectors pHER100 and pHBs100 with and without endoplasmic reticulum retention signal, respectively. Transformed tobacco cell lines were analyzed for the integration of the transgene by PCR and Southern blot hybridization. Expression levels as determined ...
Katoh Fumi - - 2003
Short- and long-term responses to direct transfer from seawater to freshwater were examined in gill chloride cells of killifish, which developed distinct freshwater- and seawater-type chloride cells in the respective environments. In a short-term response within 24 h after transfer, seawater-type chloride cells forming a pit structure on the apical ...
Svoboda J - - 2003
This article gives a historical insight into the establishment of suitable models allowing the postulation that chicken Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) becomes integrated in different cells as a provirus. This is documented by the correspondence between two laboratories involved in these investigations. Special attention is paid to RSV-transformed mammalian cells, ...
Kubo Y - - 2003
XC cells are highly susceptible to syncytium formation by infection of ecotropic murine leukemia viruses (MLVs) and by expression of their envelope protein (Env). By this property, XC cells are widely used to determine titers of ecotropic MLVs. Number of plaques resulted from the syncytium formation in XC cells by ...
Chamulitrat Walee - - 2003
Among five members of the NADPH oxidase (Nox) family, Nox1 confers mitogenic properties and is implicated to participate in the process of cell transformation. We have established two phenotypes of carcinogenesis model by ethanol treatment of human gingival keratinocytes immortalized with E6/E7 oncogenes of human papillomavirus type16: immortalized (EPI) nontransformed ...
Zoltan-Jones Alexandra - - 2003
During carcinoma progression, tumor cells often undergo changes similar (but not identical) to epithelialmesenchymal transitions in embryonic development. In this study, we demonstrate that experimental stimulation of hyaluronan synthesis in normal epithelial cells is sufficient to induce mesenchymal and transformed characteristics. Using recombinant adenoviral expression of hyaluronan synthase-2, we show ...
Majsterek Ireneusz - - 2003
The family of BCR/ABL-related fusion tyrosine kinases (FTKs) is reported to participate in drug resistance in leukemogenesis. Our recent studies revealed a novel potential mechanism of resistance in FTK+ cells underlined by the stimulation of DNA repair. In this work we examined a role of TEL family fusion oncoproteins in ...
Allard David - - 2003
Neighbour suppression of growth of tumour cells by stationary normal cells might be important in early stages of cancer. We have studied this using suppressor and non-suppressor lines of 3T3 fibroblasts and SV40 transformed derivatives. Growth suppression of transformed cells depended on direct contact with stationary confluent cultures of 3T3 ...
Li Hsin-Pai - - 2003
The Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein (LMP) 1 is a versatile protein that has profound effects on target cells through its effect on constitutive cellular proteins, e.g. TRAFs, TRADD, RIP, JAK3, BRAM1, and p85. LMP1 can stimulate or inhibit signaling pathways, resulting in transformation of rodent fibroblast cell lines, blockade ...
Maeda Naoyoshi - - 2003
Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) is the causative agent of ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma, a transmissible lung cancer of sheep. The envelope of JSRV may have oncogenic properties, since it can morphologically transform mouse NIH 3T3 cells and other fibroblast lines. Recently, we found that the cytoplasmic tail of the envelope transmembrane ...
Yin Xue-Jun - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the genotoxic and nongenotoxic effects of short-term exposure to glycidyl mathacrylate (GMA) on human lung fibroblast cells (2BS cells) in vitro. METHODS: DNA strand breakage was determined by single cell gel electrophoresis, and DNA ladder formation assay and flow cytometric analysis were carried out to detect apoptic ...
Brandizzi Federica - - 2003
Tobacco Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) suspension cells are a widely used biological material for studying plant cell morphology and physiology. These cells are easy to transform and maintain in culture and tolerate transformation with fluorescent proteins such as the green fluorescent protein and its derivatives. These, by the addition of plant ...
Seger, Yvette M.
Much of what we know about the details of neoplastic transformation comes from studies in cell culture. With the original demonstration by Weinberg, Wigler and Barbacid that cells could be transformed in vitro by DNA sequences from cancer cells, mouse cells have become premier models for the study of oncogene ...
Chamulitrat Walee - - 2003
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may be critical for neoplastic progression and its eventual tumorigenicity of epithelia. In this context, we investigated whether EMT and EMT-associated features occurred after chronic ethanol treatment of human gingival keratinocytes immortalized with the E6/E7 oncogenes of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16. Following a nine-week treatment of ...
Shen Zhong-Ying - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the correlation between ezrin expression and invasive phenotype formation in malignantly transformed esophageal epithelial cells. METHODS: The experimental cell line employed in the present study was originated form the progressive induction of a human embryonic esophageal epithelial cell line (SHEE) by the E6E7 genes of human papillomavirus ...
Hussain, Erum A.
It is now well established that the active metabolite of vitamin D3, 1alpha,25(OH)(sub 2)D(sub 3), regulates cell growth and differentiation in various in vitro models. However, its clinical use is precluded due to its hyperglycemic activity in vivo. Hence, several less calcemic vitamin D3 analogs have been synthesized and evaluated ...
Kilani Ruhangiz T - - 2003
Up to 50% of the transitional cell carcinomas (TCC) express an activated EGF pathway involving MAP/MEK and RAF kinase thus providing a novel means to selectively eliminate transformed cells expressing such proteins. This EGF pathway expression phenotype was also confirmed in our MGH-U3 and room temperature-112 human TCC cell lines, ...
Lo Angela Kwok Fung - - 2003
Undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is closely associated with EBV infection, and the EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is frequently detected in NPC. However, little is known about the pathologic roles of LMP1 in this disease. Recently, we reported the morphologic transformation and increased expression of the LAMC2 and ITGalpha6 ...
Mei Jianxun - - 2003
Repeated treatments of non-cancerous human breast epithelial cells MCF10A with a low dose of the tobacco-specific carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) induced the development of cancerous cells. NNK-transformed MCF10A cells acquired cancerous properties including anchorage-independent cell growth and increased cell motility. Cellular transformation of MCF10A cells was accompanied by a loss of ...
Alexandre S - - 2003
In order to test the hypothesis of a relationship between apoptosis and neoplastic transformation, we studied the transforming potency of zinc, known for its antiapoptotic effects. In this study, zinc chloride (100 microM) was shown to induce morphological transformation (MT) in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells. It was also tested ...
Chen W - - 2003
We now understand neoplastic transformation to be the consequence of multiple acquired genetic alterations. The combination of these acquired changes confer the various phenotypes that constitute the clinical features of cancer. Although only rare human cancers derive from a viral etiology, the study of DNA tumor viruses that transform rodent ...
Sattler Martin - - 2003
The effect of 2-methoxyestradiol, 2ME2, an endogenous metabolite of 17beta-estradiol (E2), on cell growth and cytoskeletal functions in a BCR-ABL-transformed cell line model was investigated. We determined the interaction of 2ME2 with STI571 (Gleevec, imatinib mesylate) in STI571 drug-sensitive and -resistant cell lines. In cells expressing BCR-ABL, STI571 cooperated with ...
Redpath J Leslie - - 2003
Calculations based on plausible parameters taken from the existing experimental database, and new measurements on the cell cycle dependence of low-dose hyper-radiosensitivity (HRS) of non-tumorigenic HeLa x skin fibroblast human hybrid cells, provide the first experimental evidence that the selective killing of a transformation-sensitive G(2)/M-phase subpopulation as a consequence of ...
Sekharam Madhavi - - 2003
Colorectal carcinomas have been found to express increased levels of IGF1 and IGF1-R, as compared to normal or adenomatous colonic mucosa, and it has been postulated that a subset of colorectal cancers are under the autocrine regulation of the IGF1/IGF1-R system. In this study, we selected human colorectal carcinoma cell ...
Rangappa Sunil - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction results in the death of cardiomyocytes, which are replaced by scar tissue. Cardiomyocytes cannot regenerate because they are terminally differentiated. Mesenchymal cells are pluripotent cells, which have the potential to differentiate to specialized tissues under appropriate stimuli. The aim of this study was to direct differentiation of ...
Salman Ahmad - - 2003
Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (FTIR-MSP), which is based on the characteristic molecular vibrational spectra of cells, was used to investigate spectral differences between normal primary rabbit bone marrow (BM) cells and bone marrow cells transformed (BMT) by murine sarcoma virus (MuSV). Primary cells, rather than cell lines, were used for ...
Mandrioli Mauro - - 2003
Cabbage moth cells were transfected with the vector pBac[3xP3-EGFPafm] and helper phsp-pBac. Seventeen percent of the transfected cells showed stable EGFP-expression. This indicates successful and stable transformation of M. brassicae cells with a piggyBac-derived vector. Genomic integration of Bac[3xP3-EGFPafm] in stably transformed cells was confirmed by Southern blots and inverse ...
Lam Yi - - 2003
Lunasin, a novel and promising chemopreventive compound isolated from soybean cotyledon, is a 43-amino acid peptide that contains a -RGD-cell adhesion motif followed by 8 aspartic acid residues at the carboxyl end and a structurally conserved helix region. We showed previously that lunasin peptide applied exogenously reduces foci formation in ...
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