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Results 401 - 450 of 2329
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Etienne Gilles - - 2005
Mycobacterium smegmatis is often used as a surrogate host for pathogenic mycobacteria, especially since the isolation of the transformable smooth morphotype strain mc(2)155 from the isogenic rough wild-type strain ATCC 607. Biochemical analysis of the cell envelope components revealed a lack of polar glycolipids, namely the lipooligosaccharides and the polar ...
Rudd Penny - - 2005
Mammalian reoviruses exhibit a propensity to replicate in transformed cells. It is currently believed that the interferon-inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR), an intracellular host-cell resistance factor that is inhibited by an activated Ras-dependent pathway in transformed cells, is responsible for this discrimination. In the present study, reovirus isolates differing in ...
Mukai Rie - - 2005
Dioxins induce adverse effects through transformation of the cytosolic aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Our previous study found that flavones and flavonols at dietary levels suppress AhR transformation. In the present study, we investigated whether 20 anthocyans dissolved in trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)-MeOH suppressed AhR transformation in a cell-free system and in ...
Yu Chenxu - - 2005
Spectroscopic fingerprints of bacteria were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy for the elucidation of chemical composition and structural information during growth. Good differentiation of six microorganisms was achieved down to the strain level. The inherent compositional and structural differences of cell envelopes and cytoplasm were investigated and utilized ...
Zhu Yongliang - - 2005
It has been shown by epidemiological and animal studies that microcystin is an important exogenous factor involved in the carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, details of the mechanism remain unclear. Transformation of colorectal cells is an important initial step in carcinogenesis. Whether microcystin is capable of transforming immortalized colorectal ...
Rojas-Chapana Jose - - 2005
Introduction of foreign genes into bacterial cells (transformation) is used for supplementing defective genes or providing additional biological functions. Transformation can be achieved using either chemical or physical methods, e.g., electroporation. Bulk electroporation offers several advantages over chemical methods, including high transformation efficiency, but its application is limited due to ...
Mello Maria Luiza S - - 2005
The immortalized human breast epithelial cell line MCF-10F is an important tool for studies on experimental tumorigenesis induced by drugs, transfected Ha-ras oncogene, and hormones. Considering that many relevant data have thus far been established only for MCF-10F cells cultivated on glass, and that there are data showing different cell ...
Kim Su-Jung - - 2005
The ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion, first identified in the chromosomal translocation in congenital fibrosarcoma, encodes a chimeric protein tyrosine kinase with potent transforming activity. ETV6-NTRK3-dependent transformation involves the joint action of NTRK3 signaling pathways, and aberrant cell cycle progression resulting from activation of Mek1 and Akt. The level of glutathione (GSH) ...
Iwata Satoshi - - 2005
Crk-associated substrate lymphocyte type (Cas-L) is a docking protein that is heavily tyrosine phosphorylated by the engagement of beta1 integrins in T cells. In the present study, we attempted to evaluate the role of Cas-L in the pathophysiology of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). Examination of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from ...
Bando Yoshio - - 2005
Parkinson's disease is characterized by selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. However, its associated cell death mechanism remains unknown. 1-Methyl-4-phenil-pyridinium (MPP+) and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) cause dopaminergic neuronal cell death. Both are widely used to model PD. We investigated the role of a vesicle-transport-related protein, RA410/Sly1, in SH-SY5Y ...
Vanek Tomás - - 2005
Both enantiomers and the racemate of alpha-pinene were transformed by Picea abies cells immobilised on alginate. The main products were cis- and trans-verbenol, the later being further transformed to verbenone. The enantiomeric purity of each product more or less corresponded to that of the substrate. Transformation by free cells was ...
Moucadel Virginie - - 2005
Many leukemia and cancer cells exhibit constitutive activation of STAT5, which was suggested to provide an anti-apoptotic advantage. Transformation of cytokine-dependent hematopoietic cells, such as Ba/F3 cells to autonomous growth and tumorigenicity equally results in selection for constitutive activation of STAT5. We compared STAT5 signaling between erythropoietin(Epo)-dependent cells and cells ...
Tchevkina Elena - - 2005
RAS oncogenes play a critical role in oncogenic transformation and metastases formation. Here we show that Ha-ras greatly stimulates spontaneous metastatic activity of transformed cells through the Ras/RalGDS/RalA intracellular signaling pathway. Introduction of RalA alone leads to a drastic increase of metastatic activity of transformed cells. We demonstrate that metastatic ...
Ali Aus Tariq - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: As alkaline phosphatase may play a role in cell differentiation, our aim was to study the possible role of this enzyme in the differentiation of preadipocytes (3T3-L1 cells) into adipocytes. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 3T3-L1 cells were grown in medium containing insulin, dexamethasone and IBMX to induce adipogenesis. Adipogenesis ...
Zhang Huiyuan - - 2005
Many studies support the supposition that HSPs expressed on the cell membrane play an important role in cancer immunity. In the present study, we demonstrated that HSP60 and HSP70 are markedly increased on the cell membrane of human Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) transformed B cells. In order to investigate whether these ...
Gao Xiaoling - - 2005
We report here the use of near-infrared (NIR) Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectroscopy to analyze normal human epidermal keratinocytes prior to and following malignant transformation. Our analysis indicates specific Raman spectral differences between immortalized (HPK1A) and malignant ras transformed (HPK1A-ras) cells. In addition, striking spectral differences are seen in the ...
Wenck Allan - - 2005
The use of a new mode of selection-positive selection-has been demonstrated to be successful in a large variety of monocot and dicot species. This selection differs from more traditional modes of selection in which compounds such as antibiotics or herbicides are used to kill nontransformed cells (negative selection). In the ...
Massimi Paola - - 2005
A cornerstone of human papillomavirus (HPV) research was the demonstration that those HPV types associated with the development of cervical cancer encode two potent oncoproteins, while those HPV types associated with only benign lesions do not. Thus both HPV-16 E6 and E7 will transform established rodent cells and will efficiently ...
Bischof Paul - - 2005
The human placenta represents an abundant; easily accessible and unlimited study material (at birth a human placenta provides about 500 g of trophoblast). Cytotrophoblastic cells (CTB) are one constituent of the human placenta and represent epithelial cells with fascinating properties: They are able to fuse to form syncytia, can behave ...
Bánsági Tamás T - - 2004
Density fingering of the chlorite-tetrathionate reaction has been studied experimentally in a Hele-Shaw cell. The initially emerging cellular structure transforms into a single cell with constant--asymmetric and symmetric--shape in narrow reaction vessels. The interactions of fingers in wider Hele-Shaw cells lead to the coarsening of the patterns, however, splitting of ...
Miura Yutaka - - 2004
In the mouse fibroblast cell line C3H 10T1/2 and the chicken fibroblast cell line DF1, the ganglioside GM3 is the major glycosphingolipid component of the plasma membrane. Expression of the viral oncoprotein Jun (v-Jun) induces transformed cell clones with greatly reduced levels of GM3 and GM3 synthase (lactosylceramide alpha2,3-sialyltransferase) mRNA ...
Kumar Rashmi N - - 2004
Galpha(12), the alpha-subunit of the G12 family of heterotrimeric G proteins is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and neoplastic transformation. GTPase-deficient, constitutively activated mutant of Galpha(12) (Galpha(12)Q229L or Galpha(12)QL) has been previously shown to induce oncogenic transformation of NIH3T3 cells promoting serum- and anchorage-independent growth. Reduced growth-factor dependent, ...
Bozić M - - 2004
While the presence and distribution of galectin-1 and galectin-3 in different normal trophoblast cell populations is known, no information is available regarding their occurrence in malignant trophoblast of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). Galectins-1 and -3 have, however, been implicated in malignancies of other tissues. Immunoreactivity for these galectins in the ...
Fleckenstein Bernhard - - 2004
Viral transformation of T cells is an effective method for obtaining large numbers of T cells that are easily maintained in the laboratory. This unit describes a method for generating antigen-independent, virally-transformed T cells using a T-lymphotropic primate gamma-2 herpesvirus, Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS; strain C488). Support protocols for preparing and ...
Akagi Tsuyoshi - - 2004
Long-standing difficulties in the in vitro transformation of human cells have been overcome. Using telomerase, several successful oncogene-mediated transformations of human cells have been reported and the following cellular requirements for human cell transformation have been proposed: the maintenance of telomere sequences, the inactivation of Rb and p53 pathways, the ...
Kalaitzidis Demetrios - - 2004
Overexpression of the human REL transcription factor can malignantly transform chicken spleen cells in vitro. In this report, we have created and characterized a cDNA encoding a chimeric protein (RELDelta424-490-ER) in which sequences of a highly transforming REL mutant (RELDelta424-490) are fused to the ligand-binding domain of the human estrogen ...
Degl'Innocenti Debora - - 2004
The receptor tyrosine kinase RET is alternatively spliced to yield two main isoforms, RET9 and RET51, which differ in their carboxyl terminal. Activated RET induces different biological responses such as morphological transformation, neurite outgrowth, proliferation, cell migration and branching. The two isoforms have been suggested to have separate intracellular signaling ...
Miller A Dusty AD Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. - - 2004
The envelope (Env) protein of jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) can transform cells in culture and is likely to be the main factor responsible for lung cancer induction by JSRV in animals. A recent report indicates that the epithelial-cell transforming activity of JSRV Env depends on activation of the cell-surface receptor ...
Tomatsu Makoto - - 2004
We recently found that aralin, a novel cytotoxic protein consisting of two subunits, from Aralia elata selectively induces apoptosis in transformed cells as compared to normal cells. Here we report that aralin is a lectin specific for galactose (Gal) and its derivatives, and possesses RNA N-glycosidase activity as a new ...
Marchand Mathieu - - 2004
The protochlorophyllide transformation process was investigated by using comparative analysis of 77 K fluorescence spectral changes occurring in isolated bundle sheath (BS) cells of etiolated Zea mays leaves after being exposed to a 200 ms saturating flash. Deconvolution analysis of the fluorescence spectra showed essential differences in the ratio of ...
Mamidipudi Vidya - - 2004
Cancer cells are capable of serum- and anchorage-independent growth, and focus formation on monolayers of normal cells. Previously, we showed that RACK1 inhibits c-Src kinase activity and NIH3T3 cell growth. Here, we show that RACK1 partially inhibits v-Src kinase activity, and the serum- and anchorage-independent growth of v-Src transformed cells, ...
Sedo Aleksi - - 2004
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV has been demonstrated to play a role in cancer biology by many authors. Since then, additional proteins possessing similar enzymatic activity have been described and their role in cancerogenesis has been hypothesized. To assess the complexity of these 'Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV activity and/or structure homologs' (DASH) in glioma cells, ...
Raikhlin N T - - 2004
Vilon stimulated and Epithalon suppressed the expression of argyrophilic proteins in nucleolar organizer regions of thymocytes and epithelial cells, stimulating or reducing, respectively, the formation, assembly, and transport of ribosomes into the cytoplasm and thus determining the intensity of protein synthesis in these cells. A direct mitogenic effect of Vilon ...
Matsubayashi Yoshikatsu - - 2004
The relative growth rate of plant cells in vitro is considerably affected by initial cell density. This troublesome effect has interfered with the establishment of efficient plant cell culture systems, especially when only a small number of cells are expected to survive, such as in the genetic transformation of cells ...
Peña Leandro - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Genetic transformation of plants relies on two independent but concurrent processes: integration of foreign DNA into plant cells and regeneration of whole plants from these transformed cells. Cell competence for regeneration and for transformation does not always fall into the same cell type/developmental stage, and this is ...
Langbecker Camri L - - 2004
Although leaf chloroplast transformation technology was developed more than a decade ago, no reports exist of stable transformation of undeveloped plastids or other specialized plastid types, such as proplastids, etioplasts, or amyloplasts. In this work we report development of a dark-grown tobacco suspension cell model system to investigate the transformation ...
Zhang H - - 2004
Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation has been used for many years to study chemical carcinogenesis in vitro. It has been shown that this assay is probably the most predictive short-term test system for identifying rodent carcinogens. Although most of the operational difficulties encountered in the early stage of application ...
Pettit George R - - 2004
Aaptamine (1) was used as starting material for synthetic transformation to isoaaptamine (2), 9-demethylaaptamine (5), and 4-methylaaptamine (6). A general method for the selective O-demethylation of such 1H-benzo[de][1,6]-naphthyridine (1) marine sponge constituents at position C-9 has been developed. Selective O-demethylation of aaptamine (1) and 1-methylaaptamine (11) with 48% hydrobromic acid ...
Perkins Darren J - - 2004
Suppression of protein synthesis through phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2alpha) is known to occur in response to many forms of cellular stress. To further study this, we have developed novel cell lines that inducibly express FLAG-tagged versions of either the phosphomimetic ...
Williams Norman E - - 2004
The cortical protein Epc1p is the most abundant protein in the membrane skeleton, or epiplasm, of Tetrahymena thermophila. A partial sequence of the EPC1 gene was obtained and used to obtain a knockout construct that was successful in transforming Tetrahymena thermophila cells. The results support the conclusion that Epc1p influences ...
Sharman Wesley M - - 2004
Targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) offers the opportunity of enhancing photodynamic efficiency by directly targeting diseased cells and tissues. While antibody-conjugates have received the most attention, cellular transformations offer numerous other potent targets to exploit during the delivery of photosensitizers (PSs) for PDT. Alterations in receptor expression, increased levels of specific ...
Rowe Cheryl A - - 2004
The phytochemical composition of passionfruit juice (PFJ) was hypothesized to have valuable anti-cancer activity, and this was tested in a BALB/c 3T3 neoplastic transformation model. A higher concentration of PFJ compared with a lower concentration was effective in reducing the number, size, and invasiveness of transformed foci. When incubated with ...
Morel Johanne - - 2004
Five cDNAs encoding Rac protein homologues to the Rho-related proteins from plants (Rop) were isolated in tobacco, and the function of one of them, Ntrac5, was studied. The Ntrac5 mRNA is repressed when tobacco leaves and cells are treated with the fungal elicitor cryptogein. Tobacco cells were transformed with sense ...
Bose Bipasha - - 2004
Malachite Green (MG), consisting of green crystals with a metallic lustre, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells and also acts as a liver tumour promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Rodríguez-González Agustín - - 2003
Cancer treatment is in the need of selective drugs that can interfere specifically with signalling pathways affected during the carcinogenic process. Identification of new potential molecular targets is the key event in the design of new anticancer strategies. Once identified, attempts for the generation of specific molecules to regulate their ...
Yamaguchi Fusae - - 2003
Fourteen chemical agents used in dental practice were assessed for their cell-transforming activity using the Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay system. The cell-transforming activity was quantitatively assessed by the frequency of morphological transformation (MT) in SHE cells induced by these agents. MT was induced by m-cresol, guaiacol, formaldehyde, ...
Steinmoen Hilde - - 2003
Several streptococcal species are able to take up naked DNA from the environment and integrate it into their genomes by homologous recombination. This process is called natural transformation. In Streptococcus pneumoniae and related streptococcal species, competence for natural transformation is induced by a peptide pheromone through a quorum-sensing mechanism. Recently ...
Wang Xiaoying - - 2003
Intracerebral hemorrhagic transformation is a multifactorial phenomenon in which ischemic brain tissue converts into a hemorrhagic lesion with blood-vessel leakage, extravasation, and further brain injury. It has been estimated that up to 30-40% of all ischemic strokes undergo spontaneous hemorrhagic transformation, and this phenomenon may become even more prevalent with ...
Lynch Mary - - 2004
Translation initiation is poised between global regulation of cell growth and specific regulation of cell division. The mRNA cap-binding protein (eIF4E) is a critical integrator of cell growth and division because it is rate-limiting for translation initiation and is also rate-limiting for G(1) progression. Translation initiation factor eIF4E is also ...
Forsburg Susan L - - 2003
Methods of transformation rely upon conditioning cells to take up DNA, and growing them under selective conditions to establish and maintain the plasmid or integration. Different methods may be used, including electroporation, treatment with lithium cations, or protoplast treatment which removes the cell wall. Protoplasts prepared as for transformation can ...
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