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Mason Douglas X - - 2006
In contrast to rodent cells, normal human fibroblasts are generally resistant to neoplastic transformation in vitro. Here, we report the derivation and characterization of a spontaneously transformed cell line from normal human IMR90 fibroblasts transduced with E1A and Ras oncogenes. Unlike the parental, non-tumorigenic E1A/Ras-expressing IMR90 cells, these spontaneously transformed ...
Fu Shu-Ling - - 2005
Most human cancers are of epithelial origin, but many cell culture models for the study of cancer-causing genes use fibroblasts. In addition, efficient delivery and stable expression of foreign genes into non-transformed cell lines are often difficult. To address both questions, we here established a non-transformed rat kidney epithelial RK3E ...
Chan James W - - 2006
Current methods for identifying neoplastic cells and discerning them from their normal counterparts are often nonspecific, slow, biologically perturbing, or a combination thereof. Here, we show that single-cell micro-Raman spectroscopy averts these shortcomings and can be used to discriminate between unfixed normal human lymphocytes and transformed Jurkat and Raji lymphocyte ...
Néel Benjamin D - - 2005
Intracellular proteases play key roles in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. In nerve cells, little is known about their relative contribution to the pathways which control cell physiology, including cell death. Neoplastic transformation of avian neuroretina cells by p60(v-src) tyrosine kinase results in dramatic morphological changes and deregulation of apoptosis. ...
Avery Simon V - - 2005
Heterogeneous development of competence among cells of the bacterium Bacillus subtilis provides an appealing model of cell individuality, an area that is currently attracting considerable research interest. Under appropriate conditions, only a fraction of cells in an isogenic culture become competent for transformation. Two experimental studies have now pinpointed the ...
Inomata K - - 2005
Global genomic changes, including DNA aneuploidy, may be necessary for carcinogenesis; however, such genomic changes in precancerous cells have not been studied extensively. To identify early global genotypic changes associated with precancerous lesions, a non-transformed human liver epithelial cell line, THLE-3, was treated with benzo[a]pyrene or N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, then by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate, ...
Hussain-Hakimjee Erum A - - 2006
Several studies have established the active form of vitamin D(3) as an effective tumor-suppressing agent; however, its antitumor activity is achieved at doses that are hypercalcemic in vivo. Therefore, less calcemic vitamin D(3) analog, 1alpha-hydroxy-24-ethyl-cholecalciferol (1alpha[OH]D5), was evaluated for its potential use in breast cancer chemoprevention. Previously, 1alpha(OH)D5 showed anticarcinogenic ...
Gogichadze G K - - 2006
Malignant transformation might be ascribed to one of the rather widespread processes taking place in the organism daily and being genetically inherited in a normal somatic cell. In order that normal cells are transformed into malignant ones, they should undergo the following two stages: (1) initiation - the precancerous cell ...
Ka H - - 2006
The apoptosis cascade that plays a central role in normal and pathological processes is strictly controlled, in part by FLIP (Fas-associated death domain-like interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein), an inhibitor of caspase-8. Here, we report the expression of long and short isoforms of FLIP mRNAs and proteins in early and late gestation ...
Tsirimonaki Emmanuella - - 2006
Bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs) are oncogenic viruses. In cattle, BPV-1/2 is associated with urinary bladder cancer and BPV-4 with upper GI tract cancer. BPV E5 is a small hydrophobic protein localised in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus (GA). E5 is the major transforming protein of BPVs, capable of inducing ...
Bengtson P - - 2005
The alpha1,3-fucosyltransferase VII (Fuc-TVII) is involved in the biosynthesis of E- and P-selectin ligands such as sialyl Lewis x (SLe(x)) on human leukocytes. Recently, individuals were characterized carrying a missense mutation (G329A; Arg110-Gln) in the FUT7 gene encoding this enzyme. The mutated FUT7 construct produced a Fuc-TVII enzyme with impaired ...
Haegebarth Andrea A Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2005
The intracellular tyrosine kinase Brk is expressed in regenerating epithelial tissues with highest levels in the gastrointestinal tract and skin. In these tissues, Brk is restricted to epithelial cells that are exiting the cell cycle and undergoing terminal differentiation. While not expressed in mammary gland, Brk expression is often induced ...
Herbst Uta - - 2006
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAs) ingested with food have repeatedly been suggested to be involved in the malignant transformation of colon epithelial cells. In order to test this hypothesis, HCEC cells (SV40 large T antigen-immortalized human colon epithelial cells) were incubated with a racemic mixture of ...
Ashra Hima - - 2006
Malachite green (MG), consisting of green crystals with a metallic lustre, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells and also acts as a liver tumor promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Bottley Graham - - 2005
Adenovirus (Ad) E1A is a potent oncogene and has been shown to deregulate the expression of a large number of cellular genes leading to cellular transformation. Here we have analysed the expression of several immunomodulatory molecules on the surface of a set of human cell lines transformed with either Ad12 ...
Miura Hideyasu - - 2005
We have recently shown constitutive IkappaB kinase (IKK) activation and aberrant p52 expression in adult T cell leukemia (ATL) cells that do not express human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) Tax, but the mechanism of IKK activation in these cells has remained unknown. Here, we demonstrate distinct regulation ...
Chen Carol X-Q - - 2005
The use of the potent neurotoxin MPTP in producing a model for Parkinson's disease (PD) has allowed us to dissect the cellular processes responsible for both selective neuronal vulnerability and neuroprotection in idiopathic PD. It has been suggested that vesicular monoamine transporters (VMATs) play a critical neuroprotective role in MPP+ ...
Gallant Peter - - 2005
The proto-oncogene Myc is already known to affect many cellular processes, but recent experiments in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster have revealed yet a new facet of Myc. Neighboring cells were shown to compare their Myc levels and the losers (cells with lower Myc activity) were actively eliminated. This phenomenon ...
Hsu Hsin-Ling - - 2005
Multiple copies in T-cell maligancy (MCT-1) is a putative oncogene initially identified in a human T-cell lymphoma. Forced expression of MCT-1 has recently been shown to induce cell transformation and proliferation, as well as to activate survival-related PI-3K/AKT pathways protecting cells from apoptosis. MCT-1 protein is stabilized in response to ...
Jirásková Alena - - 2005
A rapid and simple method has been developed for the electroporation of Clostridium perfringens with plasmid DNA. The new improvements, harvesting cells early in the logarithmic stage of growth, keeping the cells at room temperature and the absence of post-shock incubation on ice increased transformation efficiency by one order of ...
Choi Hong Seok HS Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, Minnesota 55912, - - 2005
Very little is known about the role of histone H3 phosphorylation in malignant transformation and cancer development. Here, we examine the function of H3 phosphorylation in cell transformation in vivo. Introduction of small interfering RNA-H3 into JB6 cells resulted in decreased epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced cell transformation. In contrast, wild-type ...
Rubin Harry - - 2005
Spontaneous neoplastic transformation develops within days in the NIH 3T3 line of cells through differential inhibition of their proliferation under contact inhibition. A small fraction of the population continues to multiply after saturation density is reached and is selected to progressively increase saturation density in successive rounds of confluence. The ...
Etienne Gilles - - 2005
Mycobacterium smegmatis is often used as a surrogate host for pathogenic mycobacteria, especially since the isolation of the transformable smooth morphotype strain mc(2)155 from the isogenic rough wild-type strain ATCC 607. Biochemical analysis of the cell envelope components revealed a lack of polar glycolipids, namely the lipooligosaccharides and the polar ...
Rudd Penny - - 2005
Mammalian reoviruses exhibit a propensity to replicate in transformed cells. It is currently believed that the interferon-inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR), an intracellular host-cell resistance factor that is inhibited by an activated Ras-dependent pathway in transformed cells, is responsible for this discrimination. In the present study, reovirus isolates differing in ...
Mukai Rie - - 2005
Dioxins induce adverse effects through transformation of the cytosolic aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Our previous study found that flavones and flavonols at dietary levels suppress AhR transformation. In the present study, we investigated whether 20 anthocyans dissolved in trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)-MeOH suppressed AhR transformation in a cell-free system and in ...
Yu Chenxu - - 2005
Spectroscopic fingerprints of bacteria were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy for the elucidation of chemical composition and structural information during growth. Good differentiation of six microorganisms was achieved down to the strain level. The inherent compositional and structural differences of cell envelopes and cytoplasm were investigated and utilized ...
Zhu Yongliang - - 2005
It has been shown by epidemiological and animal studies that microcystin is an important exogenous factor involved in the carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, details of the mechanism remain unclear. Transformation of colorectal cells is an important initial step in carcinogenesis. Whether microcystin is capable of transforming immortalized colorectal ...
Rojas-Chapana Jose - - 2005
Introduction of foreign genes into bacterial cells (transformation) is used for supplementing defective genes or providing additional biological functions. Transformation can be achieved using either chemical or physical methods, e.g., electroporation. Bulk electroporation offers several advantages over chemical methods, including high transformation efficiency, but its application is limited due to ...
Mello Maria Luiza S - - 2005
The immortalized human breast epithelial cell line MCF-10F is an important tool for studies on experimental tumorigenesis induced by drugs, transfected Ha-ras oncogene, and hormones. Considering that many relevant data have thus far been established only for MCF-10F cells cultivated on glass, and that there are data showing different cell ...
Kim Su-Jung - - 2005
The ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion, first identified in the chromosomal translocation in congenital fibrosarcoma, encodes a chimeric protein tyrosine kinase with potent transforming activity. ETV6-NTRK3-dependent transformation involves the joint action of NTRK3 signaling pathways, and aberrant cell cycle progression resulting from activation of Mek1 and Akt. The level of glutathione (GSH) ...
Iwata Satoshi - - 2005
Crk-associated substrate lymphocyte type (Cas-L) is a docking protein that is heavily tyrosine phosphorylated by the engagement of beta1 integrins in T cells. In the present study, we attempted to evaluate the role of Cas-L in the pathophysiology of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). Examination of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from ...
Bando Yoshio - - 2005
Parkinson's disease is characterized by selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. However, its associated cell death mechanism remains unknown. 1-Methyl-4-phenil-pyridinium (MPP+) and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) cause dopaminergic neuronal cell death. Both are widely used to model PD. We investigated the role of a vesicle-transport-related protein, RA410/Sly1, in SH-SY5Y ...
Vanek Tomás - - 2005
Both enantiomers and the racemate of alpha-pinene were transformed by Picea abies cells immobilised on alginate. The main products were cis- and trans-verbenol, the later being further transformed to verbenone. The enantiomeric purity of each product more or less corresponded to that of the substrate. Transformation by free cells was ...
Moucadel Virginie - - 2005
Many leukemia and cancer cells exhibit constitutive activation of STAT5, which was suggested to provide an anti-apoptotic advantage. Transformation of cytokine-dependent hematopoietic cells, such as Ba/F3 cells to autonomous growth and tumorigenicity equally results in selection for constitutive activation of STAT5. We compared STAT5 signaling between erythropoietin(Epo)-dependent cells and cells ...
Tchevkina Elena - - 2005
RAS oncogenes play a critical role in oncogenic transformation and metastases formation. Here we show that Ha-ras greatly stimulates spontaneous metastatic activity of transformed cells through the Ras/RalGDS/RalA intracellular signaling pathway. Introduction of RalA alone leads to a drastic increase of metastatic activity of transformed cells. We demonstrate that metastatic ...
Ali Aus Tariq - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: As alkaline phosphatase may play a role in cell differentiation, our aim was to study the possible role of this enzyme in the differentiation of preadipocytes (3T3-L1 cells) into adipocytes. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 3T3-L1 cells were grown in medium containing insulin, dexamethasone and IBMX to induce adipogenesis. Adipogenesis ...
Zhang Huiyuan - - 2005
Many studies support the supposition that HSPs expressed on the cell membrane play an important role in cancer immunity. In the present study, we demonstrated that HSP60 and HSP70 are markedly increased on the cell membrane of human Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) transformed B cells. In order to investigate whether these ...
Gao Xiaoling - - 2005
We report here the use of near-infrared (NIR) Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectroscopy to analyze normal human epidermal keratinocytes prior to and following malignant transformation. Our analysis indicates specific Raman spectral differences between immortalized (HPK1A) and malignant ras transformed (HPK1A-ras) cells. In addition, striking spectral differences are seen in the ...
Wenck Allan - - 2005
The use of a new mode of selection-positive selection-has been demonstrated to be successful in a large variety of monocot and dicot species. This selection differs from more traditional modes of selection in which compounds such as antibiotics or herbicides are used to kill nontransformed cells (negative selection). In the ...
Massimi Paola - - 2005
A cornerstone of human papillomavirus (HPV) research was the demonstration that those HPV types associated with the development of cervical cancer encode two potent oncoproteins, while those HPV types associated with only benign lesions do not. Thus both HPV-16 E6 and E7 will transform established rodent cells and will efficiently ...
Bischof Paul - - 2005
The human placenta represents an abundant; easily accessible and unlimited study material (at birth a human placenta provides about 500 g of trophoblast). Cytotrophoblastic cells (CTB) are one constituent of the human placenta and represent epithelial cells with fascinating properties: They are able to fuse to form syncytia, can behave ...
Bánsági Tamás T - - 2004
Density fingering of the chlorite-tetrathionate reaction has been studied experimentally in a Hele-Shaw cell. The initially emerging cellular structure transforms into a single cell with constant--asymmetric and symmetric--shape in narrow reaction vessels. The interactions of fingers in wider Hele-Shaw cells lead to the coarsening of the patterns, however, splitting of ...
Miura Yutaka - - 2004
In the mouse fibroblast cell line C3H 10T1/2 and the chicken fibroblast cell line DF1, the ganglioside GM3 is the major glycosphingolipid component of the plasma membrane. Expression of the viral oncoprotein Jun (v-Jun) induces transformed cell clones with greatly reduced levels of GM3 and GM3 synthase (lactosylceramide alpha2,3-sialyltransferase) mRNA ...
Kumar Rashmi N - - 2004
Galpha(12), the alpha-subunit of the G12 family of heterotrimeric G proteins is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and neoplastic transformation. GTPase-deficient, constitutively activated mutant of Galpha(12) (Galpha(12)Q229L or Galpha(12)QL) has been previously shown to induce oncogenic transformation of NIH3T3 cells promoting serum- and anchorage-independent growth. Reduced growth-factor dependent, ...
Bozić M - - 2004
While the presence and distribution of galectin-1 and galectin-3 in different normal trophoblast cell populations is known, no information is available regarding their occurrence in malignant trophoblast of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). Galectins-1 and -3 have, however, been implicated in malignancies of other tissues. Immunoreactivity for these galectins in the ...
Fleckenstein Bernhard - - 2004
Viral transformation of T cells is an effective method for obtaining large numbers of T cells that are easily maintained in the laboratory. This unit describes a method for generating antigen-independent, virally-transformed T cells using a T-lymphotropic primate gamma-2 herpesvirus, Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS; strain C488). Support protocols for preparing and ...
Akagi Tsuyoshi - - 2004
Long-standing difficulties in the in vitro transformation of human cells have been overcome. Using telomerase, several successful oncogene-mediated transformations of human cells have been reported and the following cellular requirements for human cell transformation have been proposed: the maintenance of telomere sequences, the inactivation of Rb and p53 pathways, the ...
Kalaitzidis Demetrios - - 2004
Overexpression of the human REL transcription factor can malignantly transform chicken spleen cells in vitro. In this report, we have created and characterized a cDNA encoding a chimeric protein (RELDelta424-490-ER) in which sequences of a highly transforming REL mutant (RELDelta424-490) are fused to the ligand-binding domain of the human estrogen ...
Degl'Innocenti Debora - - 2004
The receptor tyrosine kinase RET is alternatively spliced to yield two main isoforms, RET9 and RET51, which differ in their carboxyl terminal. Activated RET induces different biological responses such as morphological transformation, neurite outgrowth, proliferation, cell migration and branching. The two isoforms have been suggested to have separate intracellular signaling ...
Miller A Dusty AD Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. - - 2004
The envelope (Env) protein of jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) can transform cells in culture and is likely to be the main factor responsible for lung cancer induction by JSRV in animals. A recent report indicates that the epithelial-cell transforming activity of JSRV Env depends on activation of the cell-surface receptor ...
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