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Results 301 - 350 of 2272
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Rittenhouse, Harry G.
Colchicine treatment enhanced Con A-mediated agglutination of erythrocytes to LM cells (LM is a "spontaneously" transformed mouse line) incubated for brief periods with Con A at 22[deg] C. Longer incubations with Con A at 22[deg] C rendered colchicine treated cells less agglutinable than untreated cells. Even short incubation times with ...
Berdyshev Evgeny V - - 2006
Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) is one of the two known kinases, which generates sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a potent endogenous lipid mediator involved in cell survival, proliferation, and cell-cell interactions. Activation of SK1 and intracellular generation of S1P were suggested to be part of the growth and survival factor-induced signaling, and overexpression ...
Lau Andy T Y - - 2006
Chronic coexposures to carcinogens inorganic arsenic and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) are common in the living environment. However, little is known about their effects exerted at the proteome level. Our previous study in rat lung epithelial cells showed that cell transformation frequency increased by more than 100-fold when arsenic was given in ...
Varela Mariana - - 2006
The envelope (Env) of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) functions as an oncoprotein. One of the mechanisms of JSRV-induced cell transformation that has been proposed for epithelial cells involves JSRV Env binding Hyaluronidase 2 (the JSRV receptor), thereby inducing its degradation and allowing the release and activation of RON tyrosine kinase ...
Kilk Ann - - 2006
The major transforming protein of bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) is a small hydrophobic polypeptide, the E5 gene product, localized in the cellular membranes and modulating various pathways in the cell. Many studies have shown that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are essential in several biological processes, including cell transformation by ...
Zhang Jingyu - - 2006
Serum starvation for several days has been considered as a positive effect on the efficiency of nuclear transfer using donor cells. The effects of longer period serum starvation are not clear while similar starvation might occur in vitro maintained cells (i.e. tissue engineering products) and in vivo such as ischemia ...
Mello A S - - 2006
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in vitro causes transformation of B cells and generates B lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). These LCLs have been widely used for the diagnostic of several genetic metabolic disorders. However, up to now, efficiency of LCL generation has been based on misleading subjective analysis. In this study, ...
Sasaki Takamitsu - - 2006
The effect of linoleic acid (LA) on growth and transformation of IEC6 intestinal cells was examined. IEC6 cells expressed mRNAs of 15-lipooxygenase (LOX15) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma but not COX-2. Cell growth was suppressed by LA in a dose-dependent manner in IEC6 cells. Three-week treatment with LA provided IEC6 ...
Roos Werner - - 2006
Transient peaks of the cytoplasmic pH are essential elements in a number of signal cascades that activate environmental responses or developmental processes in plant cells but little is known about the mechanisms of their generation. In many plant cells, elicitation of the hypersensitive response is preceded by a perturbation of ...
S. Sreeramanan
An early step in the <I>Agrobacterium</I>-mediated transformation of banana was investigated in the plant-bacterium interaction. Chemotaxis of <I>Agrobacterium tumefaciens</I> strains (EHA 101 and LBA 4404) towards wounded banana tissues has been studied using swarm agar plates. The results obtained indicate a minor role of chemotaxis in determining host specificity and ...
Zhang D-Y - - 2006
The pleiotropic drug resistance 5 gene (pdr5) encodes a multidrug membrane transporter and plays a very important role in the efflux of a broad range of chemicals in yeast cells. To study the possible function of pdr5 in insect cells, two stably pdr5-transformed lepidopteran insect cell lines, Sf21 and CF-203, ...
Douris Vassilis - - 2006
Insect cell-based expression systems are prominent amongst current expression platforms for their ability to express virtually all types of heterologous recombinant proteins. Stably transformed insect cell lines represent an attractive alternative to the baculovirus expression system, particularly for the production of secreted and membrane-anchored proteins. For this reason, transformed insect ...
Frankenberg-Schwager M - - 2006
The hybrid cell line CGL1 is the only cell line which allows quantitation of neoplastic transformation in human cells. Hybrid cells were exposed to 3.4 MeV alpha particles or to mammography X rays (29 kV(p)) and both survival and neoplastic cell transformation were assayed. For comparison, previously published data obtained ...
Umeda Makoto - - 2006
The cell transformation test employing Bhas 42 cells (v-Ha-ras-transfected BALB/c 3T3 cells) was shown to be a sensitive screening method for the detection of chemicals with different mechanisms of transforming potential. Because of the simplicity of the procedure, it is anticipated that further investigations on Bhas assays will open ways ...
Ziff Robert M - - 2006
Suggested by Scullard's recent star-triangle relation for correlated bond systems, we propose a general "cell-dual-cell" transformation, which allows in principle an infinite variety of lattices with exact percolation thresholds to be generated. We directly verify Scullard's site percolation thresholds, and derive the bond thresholds for his "martini" lattice (pc = ...
Yu Chenxu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The past decade has seen an explosion of interest in utilizing Raman spectroscopy in cancer diagnosis, due to its capability to probe changes in the biochemical composition of tissue that accompany disease progression. However, most of the existing methods used multivariate statistical analysis/chemometrics to differentiate normal and diseased tissues, ...
Fakir H - - 2006
The effects of radiological and morphological source heterogeneities in straight and Y-shaped bronchial airways on hit frequencies and microdosimetric quantities in epithelial cells have been investigated previously. The goal of the present study is to relate these physical quantities to transformation frequencies in sensitive target cells and to radon-induced lung ...
Pérez Hernández Juan B - - 2006
Cultivated bananas are vegetatively propagating herbs, which are difficult to breed because of widespread male and female sterility. As a complementary gene transfer method in banana, the described Agrobacterium protocol relies on highly regenerable embryogenic cell cultures. Embryogenic cells are infected and co-cultivated in the presence of acetosyringone with Agrobacterium ...
Menges Margit - - 2006
We have recently described the selection of rapidly dividing Arabidopsis cell suspension cultures MM1 and MM2d that provide a powerful platform for plant cell-cycle research. Here we provide detailed protocols and procedures to achieve high levels of synchronization, either by starving the cell cultures of sucrose or by applying the ...
Kode Aruna - - 2006
Cigarette smoke mediated oxidative stress and inflammatory events in the airway and alveolar epithelium are important processes in the pathogenesis of smoking related pulmonary diseases. Previously, individual cell lines were used to assess the oxidative and proinflammatory effects of cigarette smoke with confounding results. In this study, a panel of ...
Ming Zhenping - - 2006
The transforming effect of N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) on cultured cells from Schistosoma japonicum (S. japonicum) was studied using mono-factor and orthogonal tests. Under the influence of MNNG, cultured cells grew well, and cell survival time was more than 246 days in low-serum medium. When treated with 3 mug/ml MNNG for 48 ...
Walen Kirsten H - - 2005
Cell changes to accelerated rates of growth are determined by random, new gene mutations that have their origin in vitro in a morphologically visible process of cell alterations. It is a continuous process that, step by step, transforms the normal cell into extended life (EL) cells. These latter cells with ...
Mason Douglas X - - 2006
In contrast to rodent cells, normal human fibroblasts are generally resistant to neoplastic transformation in vitro. Here, we report the derivation and characterization of a spontaneously transformed cell line from normal human IMR90 fibroblasts transduced with E1A and Ras oncogenes. Unlike the parental, non-tumorigenic E1A/Ras-expressing IMR90 cells, these spontaneously transformed ...
Fu Shu-Ling - - 2005
Most human cancers are of epithelial origin, but many cell culture models for the study of cancer-causing genes use fibroblasts. In addition, efficient delivery and stable expression of foreign genes into non-transformed cell lines are often difficult. To address both questions, we here established a non-transformed rat kidney epithelial RK3E ...
Chan James W - - 2006
Current methods for identifying neoplastic cells and discerning them from their normal counterparts are often nonspecific, slow, biologically perturbing, or a combination thereof. Here, we show that single-cell micro-Raman spectroscopy averts these shortcomings and can be used to discriminate between unfixed normal human lymphocytes and transformed Jurkat and Raji lymphocyte ...
Néel Benjamin D - - 2005
Intracellular proteases play key roles in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. In nerve cells, little is known about their relative contribution to the pathways which control cell physiology, including cell death. Neoplastic transformation of avian neuroretina cells by p60(v-src) tyrosine kinase results in dramatic morphological changes and deregulation of apoptosis. ...
Avery Simon V - - 2005
Heterogeneous development of competence among cells of the bacterium Bacillus subtilis provides an appealing model of cell individuality, an area that is currently attracting considerable research interest. Under appropriate conditions, only a fraction of cells in an isogenic culture become competent for transformation. Two experimental studies have now pinpointed the ...
Inomata K - - 2005
Global genomic changes, including DNA aneuploidy, may be necessary for carcinogenesis; however, such genomic changes in precancerous cells have not been studied extensively. To identify early global genotypic changes associated with precancerous lesions, a non-transformed human liver epithelial cell line, THLE-3, was treated with benzo[a]pyrene or N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, then by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate, ...
Hussain-Hakimjee Erum A - - 2006
Several studies have established the active form of vitamin D(3) as an effective tumor-suppressing agent; however, its antitumor activity is achieved at doses that are hypercalcemic in vivo. Therefore, less calcemic vitamin D(3) analog, 1alpha-hydroxy-24-ethyl-cholecalciferol (1alpha[OH]D5), was evaluated for its potential use in breast cancer chemoprevention. Previously, 1alpha(OH)D5 showed anticarcinogenic ...
Gogichadze G K - - 2006
Malignant transformation might be ascribed to one of the rather widespread processes taking place in the organism daily and being genetically inherited in a normal somatic cell. In order that normal cells are transformed into malignant ones, they should undergo the following two stages: (1) initiation - the precancerous cell ...
Ka H - - 2006
The apoptosis cascade that plays a central role in normal and pathological processes is strictly controlled, in part by FLIP (Fas-associated death domain-like interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein), an inhibitor of caspase-8. Here, we report the expression of long and short isoforms of FLIP mRNAs and proteins in early and late gestation ...
Tsirimonaki Emmanuella - - 2006
Bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs) are oncogenic viruses. In cattle, BPV-1/2 is associated with urinary bladder cancer and BPV-4 with upper GI tract cancer. BPV E5 is a small hydrophobic protein localised in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus (GA). E5 is the major transforming protein of BPVs, capable of inducing ...
Bengtson P - - 2005
The alpha1,3-fucosyltransferase VII (Fuc-TVII) is involved in the biosynthesis of E- and P-selectin ligands such as sialyl Lewis x (SLe(x)) on human leukocytes. Recently, individuals were characterized carrying a missense mutation (G329A; Arg110-Gln) in the FUT7 gene encoding this enzyme. The mutated FUT7 construct produced a Fuc-TVII enzyme with impaired ...
Haegebarth Andrea - - 2005
The intracellular tyrosine kinase Brk is expressed in regenerating epithelial tissues with highest levels in the gastrointestinal tract and skin. In these tissues, Brk is restricted to epithelial cells that are exiting the cell cycle and undergoing terminal differentiation. While not expressed in mammary gland, Brk expression is often induced ...
Herbst Uta - - 2006
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAs) ingested with food have repeatedly been suggested to be involved in the malignant transformation of colon epithelial cells. In order to test this hypothesis, HCEC cells (SV40 large T antigen-immortalized human colon epithelial cells) were incubated with a racemic mixture of ...
Ashra Hima - - 2006
Malachite green (MG), consisting of green crystals with a metallic lustre, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells and also acts as a liver tumor promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Bottley Graham - - 2005
Adenovirus (Ad) E1A is a potent oncogene and has been shown to deregulate the expression of a large number of cellular genes leading to cellular transformation. Here we have analysed the expression of several immunomodulatory molecules on the surface of a set of human cell lines transformed with either Ad12 ...
Miura Hideyasu - - 2005
We have recently shown constitutive IkappaB kinase (IKK) activation and aberrant p52 expression in adult T cell leukemia (ATL) cells that do not express human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) Tax, but the mechanism of IKK activation in these cells has remained unknown. Here, we demonstrate distinct regulation ...
Chen Carol X-Q - - 2005
The use of the potent neurotoxin MPTP in producing a model for Parkinson's disease (PD) has allowed us to dissect the cellular processes responsible for both selective neuronal vulnerability and neuroprotection in idiopathic PD. It has been suggested that vesicular monoamine transporters (VMATs) play a critical neuroprotective role in MPP+ ...
Gallant Peter - - 2005
The proto-oncogene Myc is already known to affect many cellular processes, but recent experiments in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster have revealed yet a new facet of Myc. Neighboring cells were shown to compare their Myc levels and the losers (cells with lower Myc activity) were actively eliminated. This phenomenon ...
Hsu Hsin-Ling - - 2005
Multiple copies in T-cell maligancy (MCT-1) is a putative oncogene initially identified in a human T-cell lymphoma. Forced expression of MCT-1 has recently been shown to induce cell transformation and proliferation, as well as to activate survival-related PI-3K/AKT pathways protecting cells from apoptosis. MCT-1 protein is stabilized in response to ...
Jirásková Alena - - 2005
A rapid and simple method has been developed for the electroporation of Clostridium perfringens with plasmid DNA. The new improvements, harvesting cells early in the logarithmic stage of growth, keeping the cells at room temperature and the absence of post-shock incubation on ice increased transformation efficiency by one order of ...
Choi Hong Seok - - 2005
Very little is known about the role of histone H3 phosphorylation in malignant transformation and cancer development. Here, we examine the function of H3 phosphorylation in cell transformation in vivo. Introduction of small interfering RNA-H3 into JB6 cells resulted in decreased epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced cell transformation. In contrast, wild-type ...
Rubin Harry - - 2005
Spontaneous neoplastic transformation develops within days in the NIH 3T3 line of cells through differential inhibition of their proliferation under contact inhibition. A small fraction of the population continues to multiply after saturation density is reached and is selected to progressively increase saturation density in successive rounds of confluence. The ...
Etienne Gilles - - 2005
Mycobacterium smegmatis is often used as a surrogate host for pathogenic mycobacteria, especially since the isolation of the transformable smooth morphotype strain mc(2)155 from the isogenic rough wild-type strain ATCC 607. Biochemical analysis of the cell envelope components revealed a lack of polar glycolipids, namely the lipooligosaccharides and the polar ...
Rudd Penny - - 2005
Mammalian reoviruses exhibit a propensity to replicate in transformed cells. It is currently believed that the interferon-inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR), an intracellular host-cell resistance factor that is inhibited by an activated Ras-dependent pathway in transformed cells, is responsible for this discrimination. In the present study, reovirus isolates differing in ...
Mukai Rie - - 2005
Dioxins induce adverse effects through transformation of the cytosolic aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Our previous study found that flavones and flavonols at dietary levels suppress AhR transformation. In the present study, we investigated whether 20 anthocyans dissolved in trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)-MeOH suppressed AhR transformation in a cell-free system and in ...
Yu Chenxu - - 2005
Spectroscopic fingerprints of bacteria were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy for the elucidation of chemical composition and structural information during growth. Good differentiation of six microorganisms was achieved down to the strain level. The inherent compositional and structural differences of cell envelopes and cytoplasm were investigated and utilized ...
Zhu Yongliang - - 2005
It has been shown by epidemiological and animal studies that microcystin is an important exogenous factor involved in the carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, details of the mechanism remain unclear. Transformation of colorectal cells is an important initial step in carcinogenesis. Whether microcystin is capable of transforming immortalized colorectal ...
Rojas-Chapana Jose - - 2005
Introduction of foreign genes into bacterial cells (transformation) is used for supplementing defective genes or providing additional biological functions. Transformation can be achieved using either chemical or physical methods, e.g., electroporation. Bulk electroporation offers several advantages over chemical methods, including high transformation efficiency, but its application is limited due to ...
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