Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2301
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Ballarò Benedetto - - 2008
This work describes an automatic method for discrimination in microphotographs between normal and pathological human megakaryocytes and between two kinds of disorders of these cells. A segmentation procedure has been developed, mainly based on mathematical morphology and wavelet transform, to isolate the cells. The features of each megakaryocyte (e.g. area, ...
Suchomelová-Masková Petra - - 2008
In plants, the G2/M control of cell cycle remains an elusive issue as doubts persist about activatory dephosphorylation--in other eukaryotes provided by CDC25 phosphatase and serving as a final all-or-nothing mitosis regulator. We report on the effects of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L., cv. Samsun) transformation with fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe) ...
Rubin Harry - - 2008
Separation of chemical and physical carcinogenesis into the stages of initiation (mutation) and promotion (selection) established that incipient neoplastic cells could persist in the organism indefinitely without expression. Spontaneous mutations associated with cancer also lie dormant in untreated normal tissue. Without selection, there is no tumor development. Experiments in cell ...
Song Hyunkeun - - 2008
B7-H4 has an inhibitory effect on immune responses via the down-regulation of T cell-mediated immunity, but how the engagement of B7-H4 molecules by counter molecules affects the signaling mechanism of the B7-H4-expressing cells is poorly defined. In this study, we found that B7-H4 expression was enhanced on B cells infected ...
Townsend Todd A TA Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6600, - - 2008
Valvular heart disease due to congenital abnormalities or pathology is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Understanding the cellular processes and molecules that regulate valve formation and remodeling is required to develop effective therapies. In the developing heart, epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) in a subpopulation of endocardial cells in the ...
Jacobsson Mårten - - 2008
A xylosylated carborane was synthesized by standard carbohydrate methodology and tested on normal HFL-1 cells as well as transformed T24 cells. The xylosylated carborane initiated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis in both cell lines and treatment with the carborane gave a pronounced translocation of proteoglycans to the nuclei of T24 cells. However, ...
Zottini Michela - - 2008
Agrobacterium-mediated transient assays for the analysis of gene function are used as alternatives to genetic complementation and stable plant transformation. Although such assays are routinely performed in several plant species, they have not yet been successfully applied to grapevines. We explored genetic background diversity of grapevine cultivars and performed agroinfiltration ...
Ke Xi-Song - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been connected with cancer progression in vivo and the generation of more aggressive cancer cell lines in vitro. EMT has been induced in prostate cancer cell lines, but has previously not been shown in primary prostate cells. The role of EMT in malignant ...
Radulovich Nikolina - - 2008
Mutations on the KRAS gene occur early during pancreatic duct cell carcinogenesis and have been identified in up to 90% of ductal adenocarcinoma. However, the functional role of KRAS mutations in the malignant transformation of normal pancreatic duct epithelial cells into cancer cells remains unknown. We have developed an in ...
Geiger Tamar - - 2008
During the evolution of epithelial cancers, cells often lose their characteristic features and acquire a mesenchymal phenotype, in a process known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In the present study we followed early stages of keratinocyte transformation by HPV16, and observed diverse cellular changes, associated with EMT. We compared primary keratinocytes ...
Wu Yonnie - - 2008
Mammalian cells transform into individual tubular straw cells naturally in tissues and in response to desiccation related stress in vitro. The transformation event is characterized by a dramatic cellular deformation process which includes: condensation of certain cellular materials into a much smaller tubular structure, synthesis of a tubular wall and ...
Rubio Daniel - - 2008
We previously reported the in vitro spontaneous transformation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) generating a population with tumorigenic potential, that we termed transformed mesenchymal cells (TMC). Here we have characterized the molecular changes associated with TMC generation. Using microarrays techniques we identified a set of altered pathways and a ...
Wen Gengyun - - 2008
Human small airway epithelial cells (SAECs) previously immortalized with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (h-TERT) were continuously treated with sodium arsenite at a dose of 0.5 microg/mL in culture for up to 6 months. Arsenic-treated cells progressively displayed an increase in transformed phenotype including enhanced growth saturation density, plating efficiency, and ...
Pan, Deng
Ski and SnoN are members of Ski oncoprotein family. Overexpression of Ski or SnoN can induce transformation of chicken embryonic fibroblast. Ski/SnoN is recently identified as a repressor of TGF signaling pathway which is an important tumor suppression pathway at the early stage of tumorigenesis. Higher level of Ski/SnoN is ...
Huang Yong - - 2007
The estrogen dependence of breast cancer has long been recognized; however, the role of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) in cancer initiation was not known until we showed that it induces complete neoplastic transformation of the human breast epithelial cells MCF-10F. E(2) treatment of MCF-10F cells progressively induced high colony efficiency and loss ...
Arroyo Jason D - - 2008
Inhibition of the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) family of serine-threonine phosphatases contributes to human cell transformation. Depletion of PP2A complexes containing the PP2A B56gamma regulatory subunit in immortalized human cells induces cell transformation in vitro. To examine the function of PP2A B56gamma complexes, we applied tandem affinity purification and mass ...
Zhao Zhe - - 2008
Thymidylate synthase (TS), an essential enzyme in DNA synthesis and repair, plays a key role in the events of cell cycle regulation and tumor formation. Here, an investigation was presented about subcellular location and biological function of viral TS from lymphocystis disease virus from China (LCDV-C) in fish cells. Fluorescence ...
Endo Satoshi - - 2008
The Zinnia elegans cell culture system is a robust and physiologically relevant in vitro system for the study of xylem formation. Freshly isolated mesophyll cells of Zinnia can be hormonally induced to semisynchronously transdifferentiate into tracheary elements (TEs). Although the system has proven to be valuable, its utility is diminished ...
Joubert, Annie
Chelidonine, a tertiary hexahydro-benzophenanthridine alkaloid is an inhibitor of tubulin polymerisation and has been revealed to arrest cells in G2/M. Since enhanced tyrosine kinase (TK) activity is linked to the transition from normal to the immortal malignant phenotype, the effect of 10 mM chelidonine was evaluated on TK activity in ...
Agrawal S - - 2008
Pim2 is a serine/threonine kinase expressed at high levels in several malignancies including acute leukemia. Pim2 protein is induced by oncogenic Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (Flt3)-internal tandem duplications (ITD), but not by Flt3 wild-type receptor (Flt3-Wt) in response to Flt3 ligand (FL). Here we show that Pim2 can complement Flt3-Wt signaling ...
Naryzhny Stanislav N - - 2007
In order to clarify the status of PCNA in normal and transformed cells, we performed analysis of this protein by 2D-PAGE, Western blot and mass spectrometry. All the cell lines examined contained the major PCNA form (pI 4.57/30kDa), that is not post-translationally modified. In addition to the major form, two ...
Nishioka Motomu - - 2007
Transformation phenomena occurring under conditions mimicking the biofilm environment were investigated using Escherichia coli IM302 (as DNA recipient cells) and Providencia sp. WW2 (as surrounding cells in the biofilm model). In the case of planktonic IM302 cells kept at 25 degrees C, the transformation took place exclusively in the absence ...
Huang Chin-Ching - - 2008
The cellular RACK1 was shown in association with Abl in BALB/3T3 cells transfected with S-ras(Q(61)K) by immunoprecipitation. An identical finding was demonstrated with cells transfected with the embryonic E-ras, but not in cells without transformation. The Abl-RACK1 of transformed cells as resolvable with Triton X-114 was found with little affinity ...
De Marco Federico - - 2007
A new cell line obtained from normal human epithelial keratinocytes transfected with the whole HPV-16 genome has been extensively characterised. This cell line, named HK-168, has a basal/para-basal keratinocyte phenotype, requires the use of serum-free chemically defined media and maintains the ability to differentiate toward pluri-stratified epithelia. Although immortalised it ...
Zheng Shu Mei - - 2007
To investigate the effects of PD98059 on the cell cycle, cell proliferation, the secretion of type I collagen and expression of transforming growth factor-beta-1 mRNA in rat hepatic stellate cells stimulated by acetaldehyde. Rat hepatic stellate cells stimulated by acetaldehyde were incubated with different concentrations of PD98059. The cell cycle ...
Chang Kyung Hwa - - 2007
We examined the expression of human cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) in Drososphila melanogaster S2 (S2) cells transformed with cDNAs encoding beta1,4-galactosyltransferase (GalT) and Galbeta1,4-GlcNAc alpha2,6-sialyltransferase (ST). Southern blot analysis indicated that multiple copies of the glycosyltransferases genes were integrated into the S2 cell genome. A lectin blot analysis also indicated that recombinant ...
Jacquelín Daniela K - - 2008
Escherichia colidam cells have an active but non-directed mismatch repair system; therefore, assembly of MutSLH complex at a mismatched base pair can result in MutH-mediated cleavage of GATC sites in both DNA strands. Unpaired double-strand breaks on a fraction of the replication errors occurring in dam cells presumably cause cell ...
McGilvray Roger - - 2007
The EVI1 transcriptional repressor is critical to the normal development of a variety of tissues and participates in the progression of acute myeloid leukaemias. The repressor domain (Rp) was used to screen an adult human kidney yeast two-hybrid library and a novel binding partner designated ubiquitously expressed transcript (UXT) was ...
Li Yanping Y Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, - - 2007
The evolutionarily conserved TREX (Transcription/Export) complex physically couples transcription, messenger ribonucleoprotein particle biogenesis, RNA processing, and RNA export for a subset of genes. HPR1 encodes an essential component of the S. cerevisiae TREX complex. HPR1 loss compromises transcriptional elongation, nuclear RNA export, and genome stability. Yet, HPR1 is not required ...
Tierney Rosemary - - 2007
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can infect various cell types but limits its classical growth-transforming function to B lymphocytes, the cells in which it persists in vivo. Transformation initiates with the activation of Wp, a promoter present as tandemly repeated copies in the viral genome. Assays with short Wp reporter constructs have ...
Xie Hong - - 2007
Particulate hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) is a well-established human lung carcinogen with widespread exposure among people in occupational settings and the general public. However, no studies have examined the chromate-induced malignant transformation of human lung epithelial cells, its predominant target. Human papillomavirus-immortalized human bronchial epithelial (BEP2D) cells were used to better ...
Long Jeremy D - - 2007
Blooms of the phytoplankton Phaeocystis can comprise 85% of total production and generate major biogeochemical signals across broad oceanic regions. The success of Phaeocystis may result from its ability to change size by many orders of magnitude when it shifts from small cells of 4-6 microm to large colonies of ...
Green Katie L - - 2007
Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is found in virtually all cervical cancers, strongly suggesting that these viruses are necessary to initiate this disease. The HPV E2 protein is required for viral replication, but E2 expression is usually lost in HPV-transformed cells because of the integration of viral DNA into the host ...
Smetanina Olga F - - 2007
Three new indole alkaloids, shearinines D, E, and F (1-3), together with the known shearinine A (4) were isolated from the marine-derived strain of the fungus Penicillium janthinellum Biourge. The chemical structures of 1-4 were established by 2D NMR and HREIMS data. Shearinines A, D, and E induce apoptosis in ...
Hashii Noritaka - - 2007
N-Glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc), an acidic nine-carbon sugar, is produced in several animals, such as cattle and mice. Since human cells cannot synthesize NeuGc, it is considered to be immunogenic in humans. Recently, NeuGc contamination was reported in human embryonic stem cells cultured with xenogeneic serum and cells, suggesting that possibly ...
Ouyang Weiming - - 2007
Nuclear factor of activated T cell (NFAT)-3 is a member of the transcription factor NFAT family, which has been demonstrated to be responsible for the up-regulation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the immune system. Our most recent studies have also shown that TNF is able to ...
Self, V A
A new micro-Fourier transform infrared cell has been constructed and evaluated using (i) the transformation of aurichalcite crystals at 298-475 K, (ii) the adsorption/desorption of pyridine on a Cu2O/ZnO junction, and (iii) the adsorption of CO on Pt/alumina pellets; it enables spatial and time resolution of processes in such diverse ...
SAKURAI, Mamoru
Tax is an own transcriptional activator of human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) virus which is a causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). Expression of the Tax protein in the rodent fibrolast, Rat-l cells, leads to an anchorage independent growth in soft agar and tumor formation in athymic ...
Utermark Tamara - - 2007
Middle T antigen (MT) of polyomavirus is known to play an important role in virus-mediated cellular transformation. While MT has been extensively examined in spontaneously immortalized rodent fibroblasts, its interactions with cells of other types and species are less well understood. We have undertaken a cross-species and cross-cell-type comparison of ...
Nolan Louise C - - 2007
The transformation of fluorobenzene (FB) by whole cell expressing toluene-4-monooxygenase (T4MO) resulted in the formation of various hydroxylated products. The predominant product was either 4-fluorophenol (4FP) or 4-fluorocatechol (4Fcat) depending on the ratio of biocatalyst to substrate concentration. The transformation of 1 mM FB by whole cells (1.5 mg CDW/ml) ...
Xing Wanjin - - 2007
SHIP-1 is an SH2 domain containing inositol-5-phosphatase that appears to be a negative regulator of hematopoiesis. To the potential effects of SHIP-1 on MMP2 secretion and migration of cancer cells, three murine SHIP-1 mutants were made: DeltaSH2-SHIP-1, DeltaPtase-SHIP-1, DeltaCter-SHIP-1. These mutant forms were subcloned as well as the wild type ...
Sakai Ayako - - 2007
Cell transformation assays using BALB/3T3 cells can mimic the two-stage process of chemical carcinogenesis in experimental animals. A short-term transformation assay using v-Ha-ras-transfected BALB/3T3 cells (Bhas 42 cells), which was developed by Ohmori et al. and modified by Asada et al., has been reported to detect both tumor initiators and ...
Löfblom J - - 2007
AIMS: The study was conducted with an aim to optimize the transformation efficiency of the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus carnosus to a level that would enable the creation of cell surface displayed combinatorial protein libraries. METHODS AND RESULTS: We have thoroughly investigated a number of different parameters for: (i) the preparation ...
Kovaleva O A - - 2007
AIM: To study the relation between premature chromosome condensation and the ability of the cells to undergo malignant transformation. METHODS: Standard cytogenetic analysis of bone marrow cells and cultured normal and tumor cells has been used. RESULTS: Comparative analysis of the frequency of occurrence of the cells with premature chromosome ...
Bogomolny Evgeny - - 2007
Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (FTIR-MSP) is potentially a powerful analytical method for identifying the spectral properties of biological activity in cells. The goal of the present research is the implementation of FTIR-MSP to study early spectral changes accompanying malignant transformation of cells. As a model system, cells in culture are ...
Wolf Christian - - 2007
Adding the natural antioxidant alpha-tocopherol to ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMW-PE) can remarkably delay the oxidation of hip cups made thereof. However, alpha-tocopherol is likely to undergo different chemical transformations during manufacturing and sterilization of hip cups than in human metabolism. Therefore, the biocompatibility of the putative transformation products has ...
Park Jeong Soon JS Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, - - 2007
G11778A in the subunit ND4 gene of NADH dehydrogenase complex is the most common primary mutation found in Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) patients. The NDI1 gene, which encodes the internal NADH-quinone oxidoreductase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was introduced into the nuclear genome of a mitochondrial defective human cell line, Le1.3.1, ...
Rouleau Caroline - - 2007
This study aimed to provide detailed data on mitochondrial respiration of normal astrocyte cell lines derived from rat embryonic spinal cord. Astrocytes in early passages (EP), cultured without pyruvate for more than 35 passages, defined here as late passages (LP), undergo spontaneous transformation. To study initial steps in cell transformation, ...
Mello Maria Luiza S ML Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Biology, UNICAMP, 13083-863 Campinas, SP, Brazil. - - 2007
The immortalized human breast epithelial MCF-10F cell line, although estrogen receptor alpha negative, develops cell proliferating activities and invasiveness indicative of neoplastic transformation, after treatment with 17-beta-estradiol (E-2). These effects are similar to those produced by benzo[a]pyrene (BP). Since we have previously reported changes in the nuclear parameters accompanying BP-induced ...
Plaza-Menacho Iván I Department of Genetics, Hanzeplein 1, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands. - - 2007
The precise role of STAT3 Ser(727) phosphorylation in RET-mediated cell transformation and oncogenesis is not well understood. In this study, we have shown that familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC) mutants RET(Y791F) and RET(S891A) induced, in addition to Tyr(705) phosphorylation, constitutive STAT3 Ser(727) phosphorylation. Using inhibitors and dominant negative constructs, we ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >