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Results 201 - 250 of 2301
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Rodrigues C F D - - 2009
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a well-recognized human lung carcinogen. In order to gain further insight into Cr(VI)-induced carcinogenesis, we have established an adequate in vitro cellular model for the study of this process. To this end, BEAS-2B cells were used. Chronic exposure of cells to 1 microM Cr(VI) induced changes ...
Berton Stefania - - 2009
In many human cancers, p27 downregulation correlates with a worse prognosis, suggesting that p27 levels could represent an important determinant in cell transformation and cancer development. Using a mouse model system based on v-src-induced transformation, we show here that p27 absence is always linked to a more aggressive phenotype. When ...
N??el B D - - 2009
Lithium has long been used for the treatment and prophylaxis of bipolar mood disorder. However, nerve cells are not the sole targets of lithium. Indeed, lithium was reported to target numerous cell types, and affect cell proliferation, differentiation and death. Thus, the idea has been raised that lithium may act ...
Parapuram Sunil K - - 2009
In proliferative vitreoretinopathy retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT). Vitreous and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have been implicated in this EMT. The role of TGFbeta in the vitreous-mediated transformation of low-passage human RPE cells was investigated. Cells were treated with vitreous or TGFbeta2. SB431542 was used to ...
Ding Wen-Xing WX Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15231, - - 2009
The proteasome and the autophagy systems are two evolutionarily conserved mechanisms for degrading intracellular materials. They are functionally coupled and suppression of the proteasome promotes autophagy. Although suppression of the proteasome leads to cell death, suppression of autophagy can be either prodeath or prosurvival. To understand the underlining mechanism of ...
Azad Neelam - - 2010
Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds are known human carcinogens associated with the incidence of lung cancer. Although a direct correlation between Cr(VI) exposure and lung cancer has been established, several studies aimed at generating animal models for Cr(VI) have yielded inconsistent data that do not affirmatively support findings from epidemiologic studies. ...
Tsurumi Chizuko - - 2009
Tripeptidyl peptidase II (TPPII) is a giant cytosolic protease. Previous protease inhibitor, overexpression and siRNA studies suggested that TPPII is important for viability and proliferation of tumor cells, and for their ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage response. The possibility that TPPII could be targeted for tumor therapy prompted us to study ...
Guirimand Grégory - - 2009
The monoterpene indole alkaloids (MIA) synthesized in Catharanthus roseus are highly valuable metabolites due to their pharmacological properties. In planta, the MIA biosynthetic pathway exhibits a complex compartmentation at the cellular level, whereas subcellular data are sparse. To gain insight into this level of organization, we have developed a high ...
Luo Xue-Gang - - 2009
The SET and MYND domain-containing protein 3 (SMYD3) gene was found to encode a novel histone methyltransferase involved in human cancer cells. It could specifically methylate histone H3 at lysine 4 and activate the transcription of a set of downstream genes, including of several oncogenes (e.g., N-Myc, CrkL, Wnt10b, RIZ, ...
Arumugaswami Vaithilingaraja - - 2009
Marek's disease virus (MDV) is an alphaherpesvirus of chickens that causes the paralysis and rapid lymphoma formation known as Marek's disease. MDV establishes latent infection in activated CD4+ T-cells, and these cells are also the target for transformation. MDV latency has been studied using MDV lymphoma-derived cell lines and T-cells ...
Hearst Scoty M SM Department of Biochemistry, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, - - 2009
Cajal bodies (CBs) are nuclear structures that are thought to have diverse functions, including small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) biogenesis. The phosphorylation status of coilin, the CB marker protein, might impact CB formation. We hypothesize that primary cells, which lack CBs, contain different phosphoisoforms of coilin compared with that found in ...
Wu Pui Kei - - 2009
AIMS: Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb. (O. diffusa) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for treating cancer. Its pharmacological activities and anti-cancer effects have been the focus of intense research in recent years. In the present study, we aim to investigate whether the five major compounds from O. diffusa possess ...
Zhan Yi - - 2009
Oncogenic EGFRvIII is a naturally occurring oncoprotein and is expressed in about 40-50% of human glioblastomas, particularly those that arise de novo. To understand the molecular mechanisms by which this oncoprotein alters transforming phenotypes, and since our previous work indicated that SHP-2 protein tyrosine phosphatase activity modulated EGFRvIII activation and ...
Contente Sara - - 2009
Lysyl oxidase acts as both a matrix modifying enzyme and an oncogene suppressor. It is synthesized as a 50-kDa proenzyme, secreted, and processed into an approximately 30 kDa mature, active enzyme and an 18-kDa propeptide. The tumor suppressive effect of lysyl oxidase appears to be exerted within the cell, so ...
Chin M M Department of Biology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2009
The human REL proto-oncogene encodes a transcription factor in the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB family. Overexpression of REL is acutely transforming in chicken lymphoid cells, but has not been shown to transform any mammalian lymphoid cell type. In this report, we show that overexpression of a highly transforming mutant of REL ...
Jaiswal Aruna S - - 2009
In the present investigation, we determined the chemotherapeutic efficacy of 9-bromonoscapine (Br-Nos), a more potent noscapine analog, on MCF10A, spontaneously immortalized human normal breast epithelial cells and MCF10A-CSC3, cigarette smoke condensate (CSC)-transformed cells. The results from cytogenetic analysis showed that Br-Nos induced polyploidy and telomeric association in MCF10A-CSC3 cells, while ...
Morris, John W. (John ...
Graduation date: 1991
Shang Hai-Hong - - 2009
Over the past few decades genetic engineering has been applied to improve cotton breeding. Agrobacterium medicated transformation is nowadays widely used as an efficient approach to introduce exogenous genes into cotton for genetically modified organisms. However, it still needs to be improved for better transformation efficiency and higher embryogenic callus ...
Mohamedali, Zeid
Normal cells regulate the progression and growth of adjacent cells that undergo malignant transformation, but the precise nature of these interactions is not understood. This study investigated the role of immortalization and aging of the surrounding population in the regulation of v-Ha-ras infected cells in early stages of transformation. The ...
Kowalczyk Piotr - - 2009
The effects of two cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE4) inhibitors on proliferation of cell lines representing different stages of mouse skin tumorigenesis were studied. Skin papillomas and carcinomas become resistant to the growth inhibition by glucocorticoids. Their control of cellular functions is mediated by a well-known transcription factor, glucocorticoid ...
Irshad S - - 2009
We have established a systematic high-throughput screen for genes that cause cell death specifically in transformed tumor cells. In a first round of screening, cDNAs that induce apoptosis in a transformed human cell line are detected. Positive genes are subsequently tested in a synthetic lethal screen in normal cells versus ...
Muramatsu Dai - - 2009
A short-term cell transformation assay has recently been developed, using Bhas 42 cells which were established from BALB/c 3T3 cells transfected by v-Ha-ras gene and postulated to be initiated in the two-stage carcinogenesis theory. The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay has been reported to be capable of detecting initiating and ...
Kravchenko-Balasha Nataly - - 2009
Oncogenic transformation is a complex, multistep process, which goes through several stages before complete malignant transformation occurs. To identify early processes in carcinogenesis, we used an in vitro model, based on the initiating event in cervical cancer, papillomavirus transformation of keratinocytes. We compared gene expression in primary keratinocytes (K) and ...
Park Giljun - - 2009
Cellular transformation is the first step in cancer development. Two features of cellular transformation are proliferation in reduced serum and loss of contact inhibition. Electronic Cell-Substrate Impedance Sensing (ECIS) measurements have been used to measure cellular proliferation, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and attachment. We have used impedance measurements to distinguish normal cells ...
Natalishvili Natalia - - 2009
Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) is important for transformation of cells with cellular and viral oncogenes. This knowledge is mainly based on experiments on IGF-1R knockout mouse fibroblasts, which mostly are unable to transform after introduction of various oncogenes. Recently, we observed two variants of R- cells, one of ...
Loret Suzanne - - 2009
In the present study we developed an enzymatic approach (through the use of collagenase and dispase) to isolate bovine intestinal epithelial cells. Using this method, freshly isolated jejunocytes could be distinguished from simultaneously isolated colonocytes, as the jejunocytes specifically exhibited the small intestinal peptidase gene transcript, as well as an ...
Nocarova Eva - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Phenotypic characterization of transgenic cell lines, frequently used in plant biology studies, is complicated because transgene expression in individual cells is often heterogeneous and unstable. To identify the sources and to reduce this heterogeneity, we transformed tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) BY-2 cells with a gene encoding green fluorescent protein ...
Navaratnam Dhasakumar S - - 2009
We describe a protocol to screen for protein-protein interactions using the Gal-4 based yeast two-hybrid system. In this protocol, we describe serial transformation of bait into an already constructed cDNA library in yeast AH109 cells. We find this method to gives the most number of true interactions. Where a pre-made ...
Staršíchová Andrea - - 2009
The plasticity of differentiated adult cells could have a great therapeutic potential, but at the same time, it is characteristic of progression of serious pathological states such as cancer and fibrosis. In this study, we report on the application of a real-time noninvasive system for dynamic monitoring of cellular plasticity. ...
Wang Qian - - 2009
BMI-1 (B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1), a novel oncogene, has attracted much attention in recent years for its involvement in the initiation of a variety of tumors. Recent evidence showed that BMI-1 was highly expressed in neoplastic skin lesions. However, whether dysregulated BMI-1 expression is causal for ...
Ayollo Dmitry V - - 2009
E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion, which is essential for the maintenance of the architecture and integrity of epithelial tissues, is often lost during carcinoma progression. To better understand the nature of alterations of cell-cell interactions at the early stages of neoplastic evolution of epithelial cells, we examined the line of nontransformed IAR-2 ...
Wang Xia - - 2009
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK-MAPK) is critical in human malignancies. It remained to be established whether DNA methyltransferases (Dnmt) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) involved in DNA methylation during RAF-transformed cell proliferation. The plasmid of constitutively active RAF was used to transfect gastric cell GES-1 and cancer ...
Sagiv Idit I Zetiq Technologies LTD, Paz Tower 1, 7th floor, 5-7 Shoham St.,Ramat Gan 52521, - - 2009
Advanced diagnostic tools stand today at the heart of successful cancer treatment. CellDetect(R) is a new histochemical staining technology that enables color discrimination between normal cells and a wide variety of neoplastic tissues. Using this technology, normal cells are colored blue/green, while neoplastic cells color red. This tinctorial difference coincides ...
Li, Gang
The action of all-trans-retinoic acid (PA), which is currently being tested as a chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent, was studied on bovine papillomavirus (BPV)-l DNA mediated transformation of mouse Cl27 cells. BPV-1 DNA-transformed cell lines B3 and BF3 were exposed to 5 pM of PA for 10 weeks. The copy number ...
Ellis Dorette Z - - 2009
PURPOSE: Nitric oxide (NO) increases the rate at which aqueous humor exits the eye; however, the involvement of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is unknown. This study investigated the role of sGC in mediating the NO-induced increases in outflow facility. METHODS: Outflow facility was measured in porcine eyes using the anterior ...
Yudina Yulyana - - 2008
In this study the mRNA and protein levels of the key enzymes involved in eicosanoid biosynthesis and the cysteinyl leukotriene receptors (CysLT1R and CysLT2R) have been analysed in non-transformed intestinal epithelial and colon cancer cell lines. Our results revealed that tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and leukotriene D4 (LTD4), which ...
Bafna Sangeeta S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-5870, - - 2008
Numerous studies have established the association of MUC4 with the progression of cancer and metastasis. An aberrant expression of MUC4 is reported in precancerous lesions, indicating its early involvement in the disease process; however, its precise role in cellular transformation has not been explored. MUC4 contains many unique domains and ...
Jiang Yiguo - - 2009
Anti-benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (anti-BPDE) is a metabolite of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and acts as a potent mutagen in mammalian systems. However, the molecular mechanisms related to anti-BPDE-induced carcinogenesis are poorly understood. We have used malignant human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE-T) transformed by exposure to anti-BPDE to help characterize these possible molecular mechanisms. We ...
Clauce-Coupel Hélène - - 2008
The role of plant vitronectin-like protein (Vn) in Agrobacterium-host plant interactions and receptor-specific bacterial attachment is unclear and still open to debate. Using a well-established Agrobacterium-mediated Arabidopsis transformation system, the marker gene beta-glucuronidase (GUS) of Escherichia coli, and biochemical and cytological methods, such as ELISA tests, immunoblots, immunolocalization, and functional ...
Du Wei - - 2008
In cultured mammalian cells, both normal and transformed, cell-cell contact was shown to alter the detergent extractability of nuclear and plasma membranes detected using immunocytochemistry of fixed cells. This alteration occurred in each cell individually, occurred in less than 1 hour after altered cell-cell contact, and did not involve new ...
Wang Shujing - - 2008
Caveolin-1 is a major structural protein of caveolae and plays important roles in signal transduction, cellular transformation and tumor metastasis. Our previous study demonstrated that caveolin-1 expression level was positively correlated with the invasive ability of mouse hepatoma Hepa1-6 and Hca-F cells. However, the role of caveolin-1 in cellular transformation ...
Kharas Michael G - - 2008
Some cases of pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B-ALL) are caused by the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome-encoded BCR-ABL oncogene, and these tend to have a poor prognosis. Inhibitors of the PI3K/AKT pathway reduce BCR-ABL-mediated transformation in vitro; however, the specific PI3K isoforms involved are poorly defined. Using a murine model of ...
Attoub Samir - - 2008
The involvement of phosphoinositide 3-kinases class IA (PI3K-alpha and -beta) in cancer cell proliferation, survival, motility, and invasiveness is now well established. However, the possible contribution of the class IB PI3Kgamma in cancer cell transformation remains to be explored. In this study, we have stably transfected the PI3Kgamma-deficient human colon ...
Pang Yaqin - - 2008
To develop human cell models for assessing the carcinogenic potential of chemicals, we established transgenic human cell lines and tested the sensitivity of known carcinogens using a cell transformation assay. A retroviral vector encoding an oncogenic allele of H-Ras (HBER) or c-Myc (HBEM) was introduced into human bronchial epithelial cells ...
Feng Mingqian - - 2008
Conventionally, filamentous fungi are transformed by using conidia or protoplasts as recipients. However, induction of sporulation is difficult in some fungi, and protoplasting is an awing, frequently frustrating, and batch-dependent work. In this study, we established a simple and convenient method to prepare single cells from mycelia without enzymatic protoplasting. ...
Kharitonova Margarita A - - 2008
Control of cell dimensions is an important but poorly understood aspect of morphogenesis. In this review, our primary focus is on control of cell length in different types of cells and cytoskeletal regulation of this parameter. Cell length is not a constant characteristic of certain cell type but of cells ...
Swaney James S - - 2008
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a pleiotropic lysolipid that has recently been implicated in the regulation of tissue fibrosis. However, the fibrogenic potential of S1P in the eye has not previously been investigated. In the current study, we evaluated cells from the anterior and posterior segments of the eye for the presence ...
Chen Ping - - 2008
The effects of Li(+) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the genetic transformation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were investigated by using fluorescence microscopy (FM) to visualize the binding of plasmid DNA labeled with YOYO-1 to the surface of yeast cells, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to image the ...
Pi Jingbo J Laboratory of Comparative Carcinogenesis, NCI at NIEHS, NIH, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. - - 2008
Arsenic is a well-known human skin carcinogen but the underlying mechanisms of carcinogenesis are unclear. Transcription factor Nrf2-mediated antioxidant response represents a critical cellular defense mechanism, and emerging data suggest that constitutive activation of Nrf2 contributes to malignant phenotype. In the present study when an immortalized, nontumorigenic human keratinocyte cell ...
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