Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2272
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Anastasiadou E - - 2010
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is noted for its transforming potential. Yet, it also acts as a cytostatic and growth-relenting factor in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells. The underlying molecular mechanisms of the growth inhibitory property of LMP1 have remained largely unknown. In this study, we show ...
Cheng Lei - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: It has been previously shown that B7-H4, one of the B7 family members that serve as negative regulators of T cell function, has altered expression levels in a variety of cancers, overexpression of B7-H4 promotes cellular transformation. However, there is still lack of adequate evidence to establish a direct ...
Baracca Alessandra - - 2010
Many cancer cells are characterized by high rate of glycolysis and reduced rate of aerobic respiration, whose mechanism is still elusive. Here we investigate the down-regulation of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in K-ras transformed mouse fibroblasts as compared to a control counterpart. Transcriptional analysis showed different expression levels of several OXPHOS ...
Ahrens-Nicklas Rebecca C - - 2009
Interspecies differences can limit the translational value of excitable cells isolated from model organisms. It can be difficult to extrapolate from a drug- or mutation-induced phenotype in mice to human pathophysiology because mouse and human cardiac electrodynamics differ greatly. We present a hybrid computational-experimental technique, the cell-type transforming clamp, which ...
Drost Jarno - - 2009
During neoplastic transformation, cells can promote their own growth by activating proto-oncogenes. Reporting in Cell, Iliopoulos et al. (2009) now show that in certain cell types, a transient oncogenic signal is sufficient to induce neoplastic transformation and to maintain it through a positive feedback loop driven by the inflammatory cytokine ...
Oikonomou Eftychia - - 2009
In colorectal cancer, BRAF and KRAS oncogenes are mutated in about 15% and 35% respectively at approximately the same stage of the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Since these two mutations rarely coexist, further analysis to dissect their function of transformation in colon cancer is required. Caco-2 human colon adenocarcinoma cells were stably ...
Barbaresi Silvia - - 2010
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) is the cause of cervical cancer. The HPV genome encodes three transforming proteins, E5, E6 and E7. E6 and E7 are the main transforming proteins of HPV, while the role of E5 is still poorly understood. Using three dimensional organotypic raft cultures we show that ...
Boxus M - - 2009
Adult T-cell leukaemia (ATL) is caused by the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1). HTLV-1 has elaborated strategies to persist and replicate in the presence of a strong immune response. In this review, we summarise these mechanisms and their contribution to T-cell transformation and ATL development.
Lin Chen-Ju - - 2009
The Myc/Max/Mad family of transcription factors and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (4F) complex play fundamental roles in regulating cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, and oncogenic transformation. Recent findings indicate that the role of Myc during cell growth and proliferation is linked to an increase in eIF4F activity in a feedforward ...
Li X - - 2009
Transformation by the Src tyrosine kinase (Src) promotes nonanchored cell growth and migration. However, nontransformed cells can force Src-transformed cells to assume a normal morphology and phenotype by a process called 'contact normalization'. It has become clear that microRNA (miRNA) can affect tumorigenesis by targeting gene products that direct cell ...
Liu L-N - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of the study was to investigate the antagonistic interactions of Trichoderma species against Rhizoctonia solani sclerotia by enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP)-tagged transformant of Trichoderma virens TY009. METHODS AND RESULTS: An EGFP was used as a report gene for transforming T. virens strain, and a stable EGFP ...
Shi Jin - - 2009
The preparation and evaluation of a series of inhibitors of Myc/Max dimerization and Myc-induced cell transformation are described providing mycmycin-1 (3) and mycmycin-2 (4).
Kasina S - - 2009
The ectodomain shedding of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands, such as amphiregulin (AREG), by ADAMs (A Disintegrin And Metalloproteases) can be stimulated by G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists. Interactions between the CXCR4 GPCR and the CXCL12 chemokine have been shown to mediate gene transcription and cellular proliferation in non-transformed ...
Chien Chia-Wen CW Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2009
We have shown previously that chronic low-dose arsenic exposure induces malignant transformation of human skin keratinocyte HaCaT cells. In this study, we found that several isoforms of aldo-keto reductase 1C (AKR1C) were overexpressed in arsenic-exposed HaCaT cells. The AKR1C family of proteins are phase I drug-metabolizing enzymes involved in maintenance ...
Ravnikar Matjaz - - 2009
A new method for fast transformation of competent bacterial cells has been developed. The transformation is induced with cholic acid analogues or saponins which cause reversible disruption of the bacterial membrane. This method shortens the time of transformation without significant loss of transformation efficiency in comparison to heat shock method ...
Kusam Saritha - - 2009
The BCL6 transcriptional repressor protein has been shown to promote B-cell lymphoma in transgenic mouse models. The mechanism by which BCL6 transforms primary B cells is unclear, although repression of the p53 tumor suppressor is thought to play a role. Here, we showed that BCL6 has critical oncogene functions that ...
Marchetti Barbara - - 2009
Bovine papillomavirus type 1 is one of the aetiological agents of equine sarcoids. The viral major oncoprotein E5 is expressed in virtually all sarcoids, sarcoid cell lines and in vitro-transformed equine fibroblasts. To ascertain whether E5 behaves in equine cells as it does in bovine cells, we introduced the E5 ...
Morris Mhairi A - - 2009
Although frequently expressed in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive malignancies, the contribution of the oncogenic latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) to the pathogenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma remains to be fully defined. As a key effector in EBV-driven B-cell transformation in vitro, LMP1 also displays oncogenic properties in rodent fibroblasts, and exhibits similar effects ...
Studach Leo L - - 2009
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is linked to development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The HBV X protein (pX) is implicated in HCC pathogenesis acting as a weak oncogene or a cofactor in hepatocarcinogenesis. pX induces DNA re-replication, DNA damage, and partial polyploidy in a poorly differentiated, immortalized hepatocyte cell ...
Kocdor Hilal - - 2009
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy, can elicit life-long refractoriness to carcinogenesis by differentiation of the breast epithelium. Human breast epithelial cells MCF-10F form tubules in collagen, mimicking the normal ductules. We have shown that 17 beta-estradiol (E2) alter the ductulogenic pattern of these cells. The effect ...
Djojosubroto Meta - - 2009
PURPOSE: The potential of stem cells (SCs) as a source for cell-based therapy on a wide range of degenerative diseases and damaged tissues such as retinal degeneration has been recognized. Generation of a high number of retinal stem cells (RSCs) in vitro would thus be beneficial for transplantation in the ...
Justilien V - - 2009
Protein kinase Ciota (PKCiota) promotes non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by binding to Par6alpha and activating a Rac1-Pak-Mek1,2-Erk1,2 signaling cascade. The mechanism by which the PKCiota-Par6alpha complex regulates Rac1 is unknown. Here we show that epithelial cell transforming sequence 2 (Ect2), a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rho family GTPases, ...
Rodrigues C F D - - 2009
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a well-recognized human lung carcinogen. In order to gain further insight into Cr(VI)-induced carcinogenesis, we have established an adequate in vitro cellular model for the study of this process. To this end, BEAS-2B cells were used. Chronic exposure of cells to 1 microM Cr(VI) induced changes ...
Berton Stefania - - 2009
In many human cancers, p27 downregulation correlates with a worse prognosis, suggesting that p27 levels could represent an important determinant in cell transformation and cancer development. Using a mouse model system based on v-src-induced transformation, we show here that p27 absence is always linked to a more aggressive phenotype. When ...
N??el B D - - 2009
Lithium has long been used for the treatment and prophylaxis of bipolar mood disorder. However, nerve cells are not the sole targets of lithium. Indeed, lithium was reported to target numerous cell types, and affect cell proliferation, differentiation and death. Thus, the idea has been raised that lithium may act ...
Parapuram Sunil K - - 2009
In proliferative vitreoretinopathy retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT). Vitreous and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have been implicated in this EMT. The role of TGFbeta in the vitreous-mediated transformation of low-passage human RPE cells was investigated. Cells were treated with vitreous or TGFbeta2. SB431542 was used to ...
Ding Wen-Xing - - 2009
The proteasome and the autophagy systems are two evolutionarily conserved mechanisms for degrading intracellular materials. They are functionally coupled and suppression of the proteasome promotes autophagy. Although suppression of the proteasome leads to cell death, suppression of autophagy can be either prodeath or prosurvival. To understand the underlining mechanism of ...
Azad Neelam - - 2010
Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds are known human carcinogens associated with the incidence of lung cancer. Although a direct correlation between Cr(VI) exposure and lung cancer has been established, several studies aimed at generating animal models for Cr(VI) have yielded inconsistent data that do not affirmatively support findings from epidemiologic studies. ...
Tsurumi Chizuko - - 2009
Tripeptidyl peptidase II (TPPII) is a giant cytosolic protease. Previous protease inhibitor, overexpression and siRNA studies suggested that TPPII is important for viability and proliferation of tumor cells, and for their ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage response. The possibility that TPPII could be targeted for tumor therapy prompted us to study ...
Guirimand Grégory - - 2009
The monoterpene indole alkaloids (MIA) synthesized in Catharanthus roseus are highly valuable metabolites due to their pharmacological properties. In planta, the MIA biosynthetic pathway exhibits a complex compartmentation at the cellular level, whereas subcellular data are sparse. To gain insight into this level of organization, we have developed a high ...
Luo Xue-Gang - - 2009
The SET and MYND domain-containing protein 3 (SMYD3) gene was found to encode a novel histone methyltransferase involved in human cancer cells. It could specifically methylate histone H3 at lysine 4 and activate the transcription of a set of downstream genes, including of several oncogenes (e.g., N-Myc, CrkL, Wnt10b, RIZ, ...
Arumugaswami Vaithilingaraja - - 2009
Marek's disease virus (MDV) is an alphaherpesvirus of chickens that causes the paralysis and rapid lymphoma formation known as Marek's disease. MDV establishes latent infection in activated CD4+ T-cells, and these cells are also the target for transformation. MDV latency has been studied using MDV lymphoma-derived cell lines and T-cells ...
Hearst Scoty M - - 2009
Cajal bodies (CBs) are nuclear structures that are thought to have diverse functions, including small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) biogenesis. The phosphorylation status of coilin, the CB marker protein, might impact CB formation. We hypothesize that primary cells, which lack CBs, contain different phosphoisoforms of coilin compared with that found in ...
Wu Pui Kei - - 2009
AIMS: Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb. (O. diffusa) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for treating cancer. Its pharmacological activities and anti-cancer effects have been the focus of intense research in recent years. In the present study, we aim to investigate whether the five major compounds from O. diffusa possess ...
Zhan Yi - - 2009
Oncogenic EGFRvIII is a naturally occurring oncoprotein and is expressed in about 40-50% of human glioblastomas, particularly those that arise de novo. To understand the molecular mechanisms by which this oncoprotein alters transforming phenotypes, and since our previous work indicated that SHP-2 protein tyrosine phosphatase activity modulated EGFRvIII activation and ...
Contente Sara - - 2009
Lysyl oxidase acts as both a matrix modifying enzyme and an oncogene suppressor. It is synthesized as a 50-kDa proenzyme, secreted, and processed into an approximately 30 kDa mature, active enzyme and an 18-kDa propeptide. The tumor suppressive effect of lysyl oxidase appears to be exerted within the cell, so ...
Chin M - - 2009
The human REL proto-oncogene encodes a transcription factor in the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB family. Overexpression of REL is acutely transforming in chicken lymphoid cells, but has not been shown to transform any mammalian lymphoid cell type. In this report, we show that overexpression of a highly transforming mutant of REL ...
Jaiswal Aruna S - - 2009
In the present investigation, we determined the chemotherapeutic efficacy of 9-bromonoscapine (Br-Nos), a more potent noscapine analog, on MCF10A, spontaneously immortalized human normal breast epithelial cells and MCF10A-CSC3, cigarette smoke condensate (CSC)-transformed cells. The results from cytogenetic analysis showed that Br-Nos induced polyploidy and telomeric association in MCF10A-CSC3 cells, while ...
Morris, John W. (John ...
Graduation date: 1991
Shang Hai-Hong - - 2009
Over the past few decades genetic engineering has been applied to improve cotton breeding. Agrobacterium medicated transformation is nowadays widely used as an efficient approach to introduce exogenous genes into cotton for genetically modified organisms. However, it still needs to be improved for better transformation efficiency and higher embryogenic callus ...
Mohamedali, Zeid
Normal cells regulate the progression and growth of adjacent cells that undergo malignant transformation, but the precise nature of these interactions is not understood. This study investigated the role of immortalization and aging of the surrounding population in the regulation of v-Ha-ras infected cells in early stages of transformation. The ...
Kowalczyk Piotr - - 2009
The effects of two cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE4) inhibitors on proliferation of cell lines representing different stages of mouse skin tumorigenesis were studied. Skin papillomas and carcinomas become resistant to the growth inhibition by glucocorticoids. Their control of cellular functions is mediated by a well-known transcription factor, glucocorticoid ...
Irshad S - - 2009
We have established a systematic high-throughput screen for genes that cause cell death specifically in transformed tumor cells. In a first round of screening, cDNAs that induce apoptosis in a transformed human cell line are detected. Positive genes are subsequently tested in a synthetic lethal screen in normal cells versus ...
Muramatsu Dai - - 2009
A short-term cell transformation assay has recently been developed, using Bhas 42 cells which were established from BALB/c 3T3 cells transfected by v-Ha-ras gene and postulated to be initiated in the two-stage carcinogenesis theory. The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay has been reported to be capable of detecting initiating and ...
Kravchenko-Balasha Nataly - - 2009
Oncogenic transformation is a complex, multistep process, which goes through several stages before complete malignant transformation occurs. To identify early processes in carcinogenesis, we used an in vitro model, based on the initiating event in cervical cancer, papillomavirus transformation of keratinocytes. We compared gene expression in primary keratinocytes (K) and ...
Park Giljun - - 2009
Cellular transformation is the first step in cancer development. Two features of cellular transformation are proliferation in reduced serum and loss of contact inhibition. Electronic Cell-Substrate Impedance Sensing (ECIS) measurements have been used to measure cellular proliferation, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and attachment. We have used impedance measurements to distinguish normal cells ...
Natalishvili Natalia - - 2009
Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) is important for transformation of cells with cellular and viral oncogenes. This knowledge is mainly based on experiments on IGF-1R knockout mouse fibroblasts, which mostly are unable to transform after introduction of various oncogenes. Recently, we observed two variants of R- cells, one of ...
Loret Suzanne - - 2009
In the present study we developed an enzymatic approach (through the use of collagenase and dispase) to isolate bovine intestinal epithelial cells. Using this method, freshly isolated jejunocytes could be distinguished from simultaneously isolated colonocytes, as the jejunocytes specifically exhibited the small intestinal peptidase gene transcript, as well as an ...
Nocarova Eva - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Phenotypic characterization of transgenic cell lines, frequently used in plant biology studies, is complicated because transgene expression in individual cells is often heterogeneous and unstable. To identify the sources and to reduce this heterogeneity, we transformed tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) BY-2 cells with a gene encoding green fluorescent protein ...
Navaratnam Dhasakumar S - - 2009
We describe a protocol to screen for protein-protein interactions using the Gal-4 based yeast two-hybrid system. In this protocol, we describe serial transformation of bait into an already constructed cDNA library in yeast AH109 cells. We find this method to gives the most number of true interactions. Where a pre-made ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >