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Aldinucci Donatella - - 2011
Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) expression is detected in many lymphoid and myeloid malignancies, and may be a promising therapeutic target. IRF4 is strongly expressed in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and its expression is up-regulated by CD40L and down-regulated by both anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic stimuli. This study analysed the effects ...
Laliberté Benoit - - 2010
Galpha(i)-coupled receptors comprise a diverse family of receptors that induce transformation by largely unknown mechanisms. We previously found that the Galpha(i)-coupled dopamine-D2short (D2S) receptor transforms Balb-D2S cells via Gαi3. To identify new Gαi effectors, a yeast two-hybrid screen was done using constitutively active Gαi3-Q204L as bait, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha ...
Namdar Mandana - - 2010
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is structurally and functionally unique among the 11 human zinc-dependent histone deacetylases. Here we show that chemical inhibition with the HDAC6-selective inhibitor tubacin significantly enhances cell death induced by the topoisomerase II inhibitors etoposide and doxorubicin and the pan-HDAC inhibitor SAHA (vorinostat) in transformed cells (LNCaP, ...
Lin Patrick P - - 2011
The origin of Ewing's sarcoma is a subject of much debate. Once thought to be derived from primitive neuroectodermal cells, many now believe it to arise from a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC). Expression of the EWS-FLI1 fusion gene in MSCs changes cell morphology to resemble Ewing's sarcoma and induces expression ...
Gahan Peter B - - 2010
Studies on a range of prokaryote and eukaryote cells and tissues have shown that a newly synthesized DNA/RNA-lipoprotein complex is released in a regulated manner. This complex, termed a virtosome, is a novel cytosolic component of eukaryote cells. The released virtosomes can readily enter other cells where they can modify ...
Jiang Yiguo - - 2011
microRNAs (miRNAs) are an abundant class of small noncoding RNAs that function primarily as oncogenes and tumor suppressors by mediating translational repression or mRNA degradation via binding target genes. In this study, malignant human bronchial epithelial cells transformed by anti-benzo[a]pyrene-trans-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide were used to help characterize the possible mechanisms of miRNA ...
You Hyun Ju HJ Department of Food and Nutrition, Research Institute of Human Ecology, Seoul National University, Shillim-dong, Kwanak-ku, Seoul 151-742, - - 2010
The flavonol quercetin in plants and foods occurs predominantly in the form of glycoside whose sugar moiety affects the bioavailability and the mechanism of its biological activities. The antiproliferative activities of quercetin derivatives such as quercetin aglycone, quercetin-3-β-d-glucoside (Q3G), and rutin were compared using six different cancer cell lines including ...
Zoumpopoulou Georgia - - 2010
It was previously established that Lactobacillus fermentum ACA-DC 179, Lactobacillus plantarum ACA-DC 287 and Lactobacillus plantarum ACA-DC 2350 exhibit antimicrobial activity against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. In order to further investigate the killing effect of these microorganisms against Salmonella cells, we employed Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Salmonella cells were ...
Zhao Chun-Hai - - 2010
Yarrowia lipolytica ACA-DC 50109 has been reported to be an oleaginous yeast and significant quantities of lipids were accumulated inside the yeast cells. In this study, the INU1 gene encoding exo-inulinase cloned from Kluyveromyces marxianus CBS 6556 was ligated into the expression plasmid pINA1317 and expressed in the cells of ...
Larson Jennifer - - 2010
SPARC belongs to a class of extracellular matrix-associated proteins that have counteradhesive properties. The ability of SPARC to modulate cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions provides a strong rationale for studies designed to determine its expression in cancer. The objective of this study was to determine if SPARC expression was altered in ...
Kim Gi-Hyun - - 2010
The transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) bioassay developed in this study monitors increased luciferase activity in MCF10A cells containing the matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) promoter with a luciferase reporter and treated with increasing TGF-β1 concentrations. The response was linear in the concentration range from 75 to 2,500 pg/mL. The abilities of 3 ...
Hegge Stephan - - 2010
Malaria is transmitted to the host when Plasmodium sporozoites are injected by a mosquito vector. Sporozoites eventually enter hepatocytes, where they differentiate into liver-stage parasites. During the first hours after hepatocyte invasion, the crescent-shaped sporozoites transform into spherical intracellular exoerythrocytic parasites. This process, which precedes genome replication, can be mimicked ...
Xu Xuejing - - 2010
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have the characteristics of self-renewal, unlimited proliferation, and initiating new tumors. However, the origin of CSCs is still controversial. F6, a tumor cell line transformed from human fetal mesenchymal stem cells, was established in our previous study. Whether CSCs exist in this mutated cell line remains ...
Tanji Masahiro - - 2010
The small GTPase Rho regulates cell morphogenesis through remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. While Rho is overexpressed in many clinical cancers, the role of Rho signaling in oncogenesis remains unknown. mDia1 is a Rho effector producing straight actin filaments. Here we transduced mouse embryonic fibroblasts from mDia1-deficient mice with temperature-sensitive ...
Sakai Ayako - - 2010
The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay is a short-term system using a clone of the BALB/c 3T3 cells transfected with an oncogenic murine ras gene (v-Ha-ras). The assay has previously been reported to be capable of detecting the tumor-initiating and tumor-promoting activities of chemical carcinogens according to the different protocols, ...
Rozich Rebecca A RA Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Rhode Island Hospital/The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, - - 2010
Cholangiocarcinoma, a severe form of biliary cancer, has a high mortality rate resulting partially from the advanced stage of disease at earliest diagnosis. A better understanding of the progressive molecular and cellular changes occurring during spontaneous cholangiocarcinogenesis is needed to identify potential biomarkers for diagnosis/prognosis or targets for novel therapeutics. ...
Hu Lulin - - 2010
Anogenital cancers and head and neck cancers are causally associated with infection by high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV). The mechanism by which high-risk HPVs contribute to oncogenesis is poorly understood. HPV16 encodes three genes (HPV16 E5, E6, and E7) that can transform cells when expressed independently. HPV16 E6 and E7 have ...
Ren Ke - - 2010
In order to prove that ectopic over-expression of Pim-2 could induce malignant transformation of human liver cell line L02, three groups of cells were set up including human liver cell line L02 (L02), L02 cells transfected with Pim-2 gene (L02/Pim-2) and L02 cells transfected with empty-vector (L02/Vector). Pim-2 expression levels ...
Chang Qingshan Q Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the activation of protein kinases, DNA damage responses, and cell apoptosis. The details of how ROS regulate these intracellular biochemical and genetic processes remain to be fully understood. By establishing transformed bronchial epithelial cells through chronic low-dose arsenic treatment, we showed that ...
Liu P-S - - 2010
As an oncoprotein, Eps8 participates in v-Src-induced cellular transformation. To delineate the underlying mechanism, we conducted a yeast two-hybrid screening and identified IRSp53S, a protein critical in cell mobilization, as one of the Eps8-binding partners from a human brain cDNA library. The association was mediated by the multiple proline-rich regions ...
Zhao Peng - - 2010
In the present study, we investigated the proteomic profiling of anti-benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide (anti-BPDE)-transformed human bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE-C) and its parental cell line (16HBE) G0/G1 cells. Differential analysis of proteomic profiling indicated that 67 polypeptides were down-regulated and 77 polypeptides were up-regulated in 16HBE-C G0/G1 cells compared to 16HBE G0/G1 ...
Silic-Benussi Micol - - 2010
The present study investigated the function of p13, a mitochondrial protein of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1). Although necessary for viral propagation in vivo, the mechanism of function of p13 is incompletely understood. Drawing from studies in isolated mitochondria, we analyzed the effects of p13 on mitochondrial reactive ...
Wnek Shawn M SM Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA. - - 2010
Arsenic is a known human bladder carcinogen; however, the mechanisms underlying arsenical-induced bladder carcinogenesis are not understood. Previous research has demonstrated that exposure of a nontumorigenic human urothelial cell line, UROtsa, to 50 nM monomethylarsonous acid (MMA(III)) for 52 weeks resulted in malignant transformation. To focus research on the early ...
Lawrenson Kate - - 2010
Most epithelial ovarian cancers are diagnosed postmenopausally, although the well-established epidemiological risk factors (parity, oral contraceptive use) are premenopausal. We hypothesized that accumulation of senescent fibroblasts, together with concomitant loss of presenescent fibroblasts within the ovarian cortex, promotes initiation and early development of ovarian cancer from ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) ...
Lei Yi-Xiong - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the alternative expression and sequence of human elongation factor-1 delta (human EF-1 delta p31) during malignant transformation of human bronchial epithelial cells induced by cadmium chloride (CdC12) and its possible mechanism. METHODS: Total RNA was isolated at different stages of transformed human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE) induced ...
Reyes Francisca C - - 2010
Developing maize (Zea mays) endosperms can be excised from the maternal tissues and undergo tissue/cell-type differentiation under in vitro conditions. We have developed a method to transform in vitro-grown endosperms using Agrobacterium tumefaciens and standard binary vectors. We show that both aleurone and starchy endosperm cells can be successfully transformed ...
Wimmer Peter - - 2010
Analysis of the molecular mechanisms of viral-mediated oncogenesis has contributed enormously to the understanding of the basic principles of normal/malignant cell growth. Transformation by human adenoviruses is a multi-step process involving the modulation of numerous cellular pathways, leading to inhibition of apoptosis and growth arrest. However, the molecular mechanism of ...
Watanabe Norihiro - - 2010
We investigated the transformation from pDCs to mDCs in a pDC line (PMDC05) which was established from a patient with pDC leukemia in our laboratory. PMDC05 cells were separated into two fractions according to the expression of BDCA1 and CD123. BDCA1(-)CD123(+) cells were found to be pDC-like cells by their ...
Wizla Pierre - - 2010
When grown in human cell lines, oncolytic H-1 parvovirus (H-1PV) replication preferentially occurs in transformed cells, which ultimately die upon infection. H-1PV-induced cytotoxicity is mainly due to P4 promoter-driven NS1 protein expression. Infection of untransformed cells generally does not induce deleterious effects because the P4 promoter is not activated. Here, ...
Larson Jennifer L - - 2010
The expression of beclin-1 in normal human bladder and in Cd(2+) and As(3+) exposed and transformed urothelial cells (UROtsa) was examined in this study. It was shown using a combination of real-time PCR, Western analysis and immunohistochemistry that beclin-1 was expressed in the urothelial cells of the normal bladder. It ...
Tennis Meredith A - - 2010
The goal of this study was to assess the ability of iloprost, an orally active prostacyclin analog, to inhibit transformed growth of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to define the mechanism of iloprost's tumor suppressive effects. In a panel of NSCLC cell lines, the ability of iloprost to ...
Xie Hong - - 2010
Depleted uranium (DU) is commonly used in military armor and munitions, and thus, exposure of soldiers and noncombatants is frequent and widespread. Previous studies have shown that DU has both chemical and radiological toxicity and that the primary route of exposure of DU to humans is through inhalation and ingestion. ...
Somji Seema - - 2010
This laboratory has shown that a human urothelial cell line (UROtsa) transformed by cadmium (Cd(2+)) produced subcutaneous tumor heterotransplants that resemble human transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). In the present study, additional Cd(2+) transformed cell lines were isolated to determine if independent exposures of the cell line to Cd(2+) would result ...
Maire M-A - - 2010
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a cyanotoxin which has been implicated in human intoxication and animal mortality. Genotoxic activity of this hepatotoxin is known but its carcinogenic activity remains to be elucidated. In this work, CYN was assessed for its cell-transforming activity using the Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay. This ...
Bellon Marcia - - 2010
Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated malignancies are seen in a small percentage of infected persons. Although in vitro immortalization by HTLV-I virus is very efficient, we report that Tax has poor oncogenic activity in human primary T cells and that immortalization by Tax is rare. Sustained telomerase activity ...
Yusuf Rita - - 2010
MCF-10A, immortalized but non-transformed human breast epithelial cells, are widely used in research examining carcinogenesis. The studies presented here were initiated with the observation that MCF-10A cells left in continuous culture for prolonged periods without re-feeding were prone to the development of transformed foci. We hypothesized that the depletion of ...
Watanabe Jun - - 2010
To improve the transformation efficiency of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii by electroporation, glycerol was added to the electroporation buffer and the cells were frozen at -80 degrees C. These alterations drastically increased transformation efficiency, and we found that competent cells can be preserved at -80 degrees C without decreasing their transformation efficiency ...
Pütz Stephanie M - - 2010
Cancer arises from normal cells through the stepwise accumulation of genetic alterations. Cancer development can be studied by direct genetic manipulation within experimental models of tumorigenesis. Thereby, confusion by the genetic heterogeneity of patients can be circumvented. Moreover, identification of the critical changes that convert a pre-malignant cell into a ...
Miao Weiguo - - 2010
The soil-borne fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae Kleb causes Verticillium wilt in a wide range of crops including cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). To date, most upland cotton varieties are susceptible to V. dahliae and the breeding for cotton varieties with the resistance to Verticillium wilt has not been successful. Hpa1Xoo is a ...
Sripadi Prabhakar - - 2010
Viral transformation of a cell starts at the genetic level, followed by changes in the proteome and the metabolome of the host. There is limited information on the broad metabolic changes in HTLV transformed cells. Here, we report the detection of key changes in metabolites and lipids directly from human ...
Cuccarolo Paola - - 2010
Whether microgravity might influence tumour growth and carcinogenesis is still an open issue. It is not clear also if and how normal and transformed cells are differently solicited by microgravity. The present study was designed to verify this issue. Two normal, LB and HSC93, and two transformed, Jurkat and 1310, ...
Sassone J - - 2010
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive neuronal death in the basal ganglia and cortex. Although increasing evidence supports a pivotal role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the death of patients' neurons, the molecular bases for mitochondrial impairment have not been elucidated. We provide the first evidence of ...
Amarir Samira - - 2010
We have been investigating how interruption of differentiation contributes to the oncogenic process and the possibility to reverse the transformed phenotype by restoring differentiation. In a previous report, we correlated the capacity of intracellular Notch (ICN) to suppress v-Src-mediated transformation of quail neuroretina (QNR/v-src(ts)) cells with the acquisition by these ...
Danovi Davide D MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology and The UCL Cancer Institute, University College London, London, United - - 2010
Anchorage-independent proliferation is a hallmark of oncogenic transformation and is thought to be conducive to proliferation of cancer cells away from their site of origin. We have previously reported that primary Schwann cells expressing the SV40 Large T antigen (LT) are not fully transformed in that they maintain a strict ...
Kajita Mihoko M MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology and Cell Biology Unit, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, - - 2010
At the initial stage of carcinogenesis, transformation occurs in a single cell within an epithelial sheet. However, it remains unknown what happens at the boundary between normal and transformed cells. Using Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells transformed with temperature-sensitive v-Src, we have examined the interface between normal and Src-transformed epithelial ...
Liang Yi - - 2010
The existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) or stem-like cancer cells (SLCCs) is regarded as the cause of tumor formation and recurrence. However, the origin of such cells remains controversial with two competing hypotheses: CSCs are either transformed from tissue adult stem cells or dedifferentiated from transformed progenitor cells. Compelling ...
Metzger Michael J MJ Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave. N., Seattle, WA 98109-1024, - - 2010
The human retrovirus XMRV (xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus) is associated with prostate cancer, but a causal relationship has not been established. Here, we have used cultured fibroblast and epithelial cell lines to test the hypothesis that XMRV might have direct transforming activity but found only rare transformation events, suggestive ...
Anastasiadou E - - 2010
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is noted for its transforming potential. Yet, it also acts as a cytostatic and growth-relenting factor in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells. The underlying molecular mechanisms of the growth inhibitory property of LMP1 have remained largely unknown. In this study, we show ...
Cheng Lei - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: It has been previously shown that B7-H4, one of the B7 family members that serve as negative regulators of T cell function, has altered expression levels in a variety of cancers, overexpression of B7-H4 promotes cellular transformation. However, there is still lack of adequate evidence to establish a direct ...
Baracca Alessandra - - 2010
Many cancer cells are characterized by high rate of glycolysis and reduced rate of aerobic respiration, whose mechanism is still elusive. Here we investigate the down-regulation of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in K-ras transformed mouse fibroblasts as compared to a control counterpart. Transcriptional analysis showed different expression levels of several OXPHOS ...
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