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Bulani Siyavuya Ishmael - - 2012
In this study, a novel rDNA based plasmid was developed for display of heterologous proteins on the cell surface of Yarrowia lipolytica using the C-terminal end of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored Y. lipolytica cell wall protein 1 (YlCWP1). mCherry was used as a model protein to assess the efficiency of ...
Kobori Toshiro - - 2012
Recently, efforts have been made to reduce the size of food particles containing functional ingredients, since reducing the size is expected to improve intestinal absorption. However, the absorption mechanisms have yet to be fully clarified. Therefore, a microscopy-based method for studying interactions between the particles and intestinal cells is required. ...
Walia Mayanka - - 2012
Light pale-colored volatile oil was obtained from fresh leaves of Malus domestica tree, growing in Dhauladhar range of Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh, India), with characteristic eucalyptol dominant fragrance. The oil was found to be a complex mixture of mono-, sesqui-, di-terpenes, phenolics, and aliphatic hydrocarbons. Seventeen compounds accounting for nearly 95.3% ...
Torres Klintsy Julieta - - 2012
In multiple sclerosis during periods of remission a limited degree of myelin repair can be observed mediated by oligodendroglial precursor cells. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors act as anti-inflammatory agents and might hold promise for future multiple sclerosis treatment. To investigate whether phosphodiesterase inhibitors could also influence myelin repair. We stimulated primary oligodendroglial ...
Zhang Weiqi - - 2012
In this work, behaviors of positively-charged AuNRs in a highly metastatic tumor cell line MDA-MB-231 are examined based on UV-vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy in combination with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dark-field microscopic observation. It is found that characteristic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peaks of ...
Chodurek Ewa - - 2012
The increase of a skin malignant melanoma (melanoma malignum) incidence in the world has been observed in recent years. The tumour, especially in advanced stadium with metastases, is highly resistant to conventional treatment. One of the strategies is to modulate melanogenesis using chemical compounds. In this study, the processes of ...
Abu Dawud Raed - - 2012
While human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human embryonal carcinoma cells (hECCs) have been studied extensively at the levels of the genome, transcriptome, proteome and epigenome our knowledge of their corresponding metabolomes is limited. Here, we present the metabolic signatures of hESCs and hESCs obtained by untargeted gas chromatography coupled ...
Shiheido Hirokazu - - 2012
Despite the introduction of newly developed drugs such as lenalidomide and bortezomib, patients with multiple myeloma are still difficult to treat and have a poor prognosis. In order to find novel drugs that are effective for multiple myeloma, we tested the antitumor activity of 29 phthalimide derivatives against several multiple ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
Colon crypts, a single sheet of epithelia cells, consist of a periodic pattern of stem cells, transit-amplifying cells, and terminally differentiated cells that constantly renew and turnover. Experimental evidence suggests that Wnt signaling promotes and regulates stem cell division, differentiation, and possible cell migrations while intestinal BMP signaling inhibits stem ...
Disanto Giulio G Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2012
More than 50 genomic regions have now been shown to influence the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the mechanisms of action, and the cell types in which these associated variants act at the molecular level remain largely unknown. This is especially true for associated regions containing no known genes. ...
Su Ching-Chyuan - - 2011
Active compounds from natural products have been widely studied. The anti-tumor effects of 13-acetoxysarcocrassolide isolated from Formosan soft coral Sarcophyton crassocaule on bladder cancer cells were examined in this study. An MTT assay showed that 13-acetoxysarcocrassolide was cytotoxic to bladder female transitional cancer (BFTC) cells. We determined that the BFTC ...
Que Wenzhong - - 2012
Que W, Chen J, Chuang M, Jiang D. Knockdown of c-Met enhances sensitivity to bortezomib in human multiple myeloma U266 cells via inhibiting Akt/mTOR activity. APMIS 2012; 120: 195-203. The c-Met is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is overexpressed in human myeloma cell lines and promotes the survival and drug ...
Jung K-H - - 2011
Clopidogrel therapy to prevent atherothrombosis faces the challenge of reduced responsiveness. The absorption of clopidogrel is regulated by multidrug-resistance protein 1 (MDR1) in the intestinal epithelium. Given that aspirin induces MDR1 in cancer cells and peripheral blood cells, it may induce MDR1 in intestinal epithelial cells as well, thereby affecting ...
Tokita Seiji - - 2011
In this article, we developed a new and mild procedure for the isolation of chlorosomes from a green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum. In this procedure, Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) protein was released by long cold treatment (6°C) of cells under the presence of a chaotrope (2 M NaSCN) and 0.6 M sucrose. Chlorosomes were ...
Gammelgaard Bente - - 2011
The aim of the present work was to compare and estimate absorption and biotransformation of selected selenium compounds by studying their fluxes across Caco-2 cells. Five different selenium compounds, selenomethionine (SeMet), Se-methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys), selenate, selenite, and methylseleninic acid (MeSeA), were applied to Caco-2 cells in a concentration of 10 μM, and ...
Quaroni Luca - - 2011
The possibility of performing FTIR spectromicroscopy experiments on individual living cells is the focus of considerable attention. Among the applications of interest, obtaining structural information in rapid measurements, with a time resolution of the minute or better, is a prized goal. In this work we show that the use of ...
Yang Meng - - 2011
The enhancement of solar light absorption in a solar cell is a challenging issue. In this article we show that in a thin-film silicon solar cell covered with silver nanoparticles on the surface, the absorption of the incident light can be particularly enhanced at certain angular range and wavelength. Such ...
Biswas Rana - - 2011
We develop a periodically patterned conformal photonic-plasmonic crystal based solar architecture for a nano-crystalline silicon solar cell, through rigorous scattering matrix simulations. The solar cell architecture has a periodic array of tapered silver nano-pillars as the back-reflector coupled with a conformal periodic structure at the top of the cell. The ...
Luo Shuanghui - - 2011
In order to improve oral absorption, a novel prodrug of saquinavir (Saq), ascorbyl-succinic-saquinavir (AA-Su-Saq) targeting sodium dependent vitamin C transporter (SVCT) was synthesized and evaluated. Aqueous solubility, stability and cytotoxicity were determined. Affinity of AA-Su-Saq towards efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and recognition of AA-Su-Saq by SVCT were studied. Transepithelial permeability ...
Barnes Stephen S Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, MCLM 452, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1918 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2011
Polyphenols in dietary and botanical matrices are usually present as simple and complex O-glycosides. In fermented dietary materials, the glycosidic moiety is removed and accompanied in some cases by more complex changes to the polyphenol. As for most xenobiotics, polyphenols undergo phase II conjugation in the intestinal wall during their ...
Squitieri Ferdinando - - 2011
Huntington's Disease (HD) is caused by trinucleotide CAG repeat expansion >36 in huntingtin (htt), a protein with several documented functions. The elongated polyglutamine (polyQ) stretch in the N-terminal region of htt leads to dysfunctional and degenerative events in neurons and peripheral tissues. In this study, by extending the analysis to ...
Myre Michael A - - 2011
Huntingtin is a large HEAT repeat protein first identified in humans, where a polyglutamine tract expansion near the amino terminus causes a gain-of-function mechanism that leads to selective neuronal loss in Huntington's disease (HD). Genetic evidence in humans and knock-in mouse models suggests that this gain-of-function involves an increase or ...
Dong G - - 2011
Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by an abnormal expansion of CAG trinucleotide repeats encoding polyglutamine (polyQ) in the first exon of the huntingtin (htt) gene. Despite considerable efforts, the pathogenesis of HD remains largely unclear due to a paucity of models that can reliably reproduce the pathological characteristics of HD. ...
Tao Yiwen - - 2011
A perfusion-based high cell density (HD) cell banking process has been developed that offers substantial advantages in time savings and simplification of upstream unit operations. HD cell banking provides the means to reduce the time required for culture inoculum expansion and scale-up by eliminating the need for multiple small to ...
Song Yue-Fan - - 2011
Sponges (Porifera), as the best known source of bioactive marine natural products in metazoans, play a significant role in marine drug discovery and development. As sessile filter-feeding animals, a considerable portion of the sponge biomass can be made of endosymbiotic and associated microorganisms. Understanding the cellular origin of targeted bioactive ...
Patella Francesca - - 2011
Recently, it has been reported that, in several tumor cell lines, short double-stranded RNAs tailored for promoter regions of specific genes are able to activate their transcription. Such molecules (named RNA activators) act opposite to other double-stranded RNA molecules (named RNA inhibitors) in that the overexpression instead of underexpression of ...
Farrell Katrina - - 2011
Farrell K & Jarrett R F (2011) Histopathology 58, 15-25 The molecular pathogenesis of Hodgkin lymphoma Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is an unusual malignancy in that the tumour cells, the Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells, are a minor component of the tumour mass, the bulk of which is a mixed cellular infiltrate. ...
Ishikawa Mitsuru - - 2011
Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs), their size-dependent tunable absorption and emission in the visible and near-infrared regions, narrow emission and broad absorption bands, large one- and multiphoton absorption cross sections, brightness, and photostability make them powerful light sources in the nanoscale region that will help to advance biotechnologies. This chapter overviews ...
Grigorian Ani - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease initiated by autoreactive T cells. Mgat5, a gene in the Asn (N-) linked protein glycosylation pathway, associates with MS severity and negatively regulates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and spontaneous inflammatory demyelination in mice. N-glycan branching by Mgat5 regulates interaction of ...
Bamji-Mirza Michelle - - 2011
Hepatic lipase (HL) plays a role in the catabolism of apolipoprotein (apo)B-containing lipoproteins through its lipolytic and ligand-binding properties. We describe a potential intracellular role of HL in the assembly and secretion of VLDL. Transient or stable expression of HL in McA-RH7777 cells resulted in decreased (by 40%) incorporation of ...
Yurchenko M M Department of Cell Regulation, R.E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology of NAS of Ukraine, Vasylkivska str. 45, 03022 Kyiv, - - 2010
The hallmark of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) are mononucleated Hodgkin's cells and multinucleated Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells, which usually account for only about 1% of cells in the tumor tissue. The majority of HRS cells in classical HL are derived from germinal centre B cells that have acquired disadvantageous Ig variable chain ...
Aldinucci Donatella - - 2011
Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) expression is detected in many lymphoid and myeloid malignancies, and may be a promising therapeutic target. IRF4 is strongly expressed in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and its expression is up-regulated by CD40L and down-regulated by both anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic stimuli. This study analysed the effects ...
Laliberté Benoit - - 2010
Galpha(i)-coupled receptors comprise a diverse family of receptors that induce transformation by largely unknown mechanisms. We previously found that the Galpha(i)-coupled dopamine-D2short (D2S) receptor transforms Balb-D2S cells via Gαi3. To identify new Gαi effectors, a yeast two-hybrid screen was done using constitutively active Gαi3-Q204L as bait, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha ...
Namdar Mandana - - 2010
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is structurally and functionally unique among the 11 human zinc-dependent histone deacetylases. Here we show that chemical inhibition with the HDAC6-selective inhibitor tubacin significantly enhances cell death induced by the topoisomerase II inhibitors etoposide and doxorubicin and the pan-HDAC inhibitor SAHA (vorinostat) in transformed cells (LNCaP, ...
Lin Patrick P - - 2011
The origin of Ewing's sarcoma is a subject of much debate. Once thought to be derived from primitive neuroectodermal cells, many now believe it to arise from a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC). Expression of the EWS-FLI1 fusion gene in MSCs changes cell morphology to resemble Ewing's sarcoma and induces expression ...
Gahan Peter B - - 2010
Studies on a range of prokaryote and eukaryote cells and tissues have shown that a newly synthesized DNA/RNA-lipoprotein complex is released in a regulated manner. This complex, termed a virtosome, is a novel cytosolic component of eukaryote cells. The released virtosomes can readily enter other cells where they can modify ...
Jiang Yiguo - - 2011
microRNAs (miRNAs) are an abundant class of small noncoding RNAs that function primarily as oncogenes and tumor suppressors by mediating translational repression or mRNA degradation via binding target genes. In this study, malignant human bronchial epithelial cells transformed by anti-benzo[a]pyrene-trans-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide were used to help characterize the possible mechanisms of miRNA ...
You Hyun Ju HJ Department of Food and Nutrition, Research Institute of Human Ecology, Seoul National University, Shillim-dong, Kwanak-ku, Seoul 151-742, - - 2010
The flavonol quercetin in plants and foods occurs predominantly in the form of glycoside whose sugar moiety affects the bioavailability and the mechanism of its biological activities. The antiproliferative activities of quercetin derivatives such as quercetin aglycone, quercetin-3-β-d-glucoside (Q3G), and rutin were compared using six different cancer cell lines including ...
Zoumpopoulou Georgia - - 2010
It was previously established that Lactobacillus fermentum ACA-DC 179, Lactobacillus plantarum ACA-DC 287 and Lactobacillus plantarum ACA-DC 2350 exhibit antimicrobial activity against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. In order to further investigate the killing effect of these microorganisms against Salmonella cells, we employed Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Salmonella cells were ...
Zhao Chun-Hai - - 2010
Yarrowia lipolytica ACA-DC 50109 has been reported to be an oleaginous yeast and significant quantities of lipids were accumulated inside the yeast cells. In this study, the INU1 gene encoding exo-inulinase cloned from Kluyveromyces marxianus CBS 6556 was ligated into the expression plasmid pINA1317 and expressed in the cells of ...
Larson Jennifer - - 2010
SPARC belongs to a class of extracellular matrix-associated proteins that have counteradhesive properties. The ability of SPARC to modulate cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions provides a strong rationale for studies designed to determine its expression in cancer. The objective of this study was to determine if SPARC expression was altered in ...
Kim Gi-Hyun - - 2010
The transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) bioassay developed in this study monitors increased luciferase activity in MCF10A cells containing the matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) promoter with a luciferase reporter and treated with increasing TGF-β1 concentrations. The response was linear in the concentration range from 75 to 2,500 pg/mL. The abilities of 3 ...
Hegge Stephan - - 2010
Malaria is transmitted to the host when Plasmodium sporozoites are injected by a mosquito vector. Sporozoites eventually enter hepatocytes, where they differentiate into liver-stage parasites. During the first hours after hepatocyte invasion, the crescent-shaped sporozoites transform into spherical intracellular exoerythrocytic parasites. This process, which precedes genome replication, can be mimicked ...
Xu Xuejing - - 2010
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have the characteristics of self-renewal, unlimited proliferation, and initiating new tumors. However, the origin of CSCs is still controversial. F6, a tumor cell line transformed from human fetal mesenchymal stem cells, was established in our previous study. Whether CSCs exist in this mutated cell line remains ...
Tanji Masahiro - - 2010
The small GTPase Rho regulates cell morphogenesis through remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. While Rho is overexpressed in many clinical cancers, the role of Rho signaling in oncogenesis remains unknown. mDia1 is a Rho effector producing straight actin filaments. Here we transduced mouse embryonic fibroblasts from mDia1-deficient mice with temperature-sensitive ...
Sakai Ayako - - 2010
The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay is a short-term system using a clone of the BALB/c 3T3 cells transfected with an oncogenic murine ras gene (v-Ha-ras). The assay has previously been reported to be capable of detecting the tumor-initiating and tumor-promoting activities of chemical carcinogens according to the different protocols, ...
Rozich Rebecca A RA Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Rhode Island Hospital/The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, - - 2010
Cholangiocarcinoma, a severe form of biliary cancer, has a high mortality rate resulting partially from the advanced stage of disease at earliest diagnosis. A better understanding of the progressive molecular and cellular changes occurring during spontaneous cholangiocarcinogenesis is needed to identify potential biomarkers for diagnosis/prognosis or targets for novel therapeutics. ...
Hu Lulin L Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2010
Anogenital cancers and head and neck cancers are causally associated with infection by high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV). The mechanism by which high-risk HPVs contribute to oncogenesis is poorly understood. HPV16 encodes three genes (HPV16 E5, E6, and E7) that can transform cells when expressed independently. HPV16 E6 and E7 have ...
Ren Ke - - 2010
In order to prove that ectopic over-expression of Pim-2 could induce malignant transformation of human liver cell line L02, three groups of cells were set up including human liver cell line L02 (L02), L02 cells transfected with Pim-2 gene (L02/Pim-2) and L02 cells transfected with empty-vector (L02/Vector). Pim-2 expression levels ...
Chang Qingshan Q Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the activation of protein kinases, DNA damage responses, and cell apoptosis. The details of how ROS regulate these intracellular biochemical and genetic processes remain to be fully understood. By establishing transformed bronchial epithelial cells through chronic low-dose arsenic treatment, we showed that ...
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