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Soroka Joanna - - 2012
Comment on: Soroka J, et al. Mol Cell 2012; 45:517-28.
Fukano Yasufumi - - 2012
Aim: We investigated the heterogeneity of tafluprost metabolism in primary human hepatocytes at a single-cell level by live single-cell mass spectrometry (MS). Materials & methods: Picoliter volumes of cytoplasm were analyzed by nano-electrospray ionization MS in order to obtain single-cell metabolite profiles. The subcellular components of a single tafluprost-treated human ...
Barr Tom A TA Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. - - 2012
B cells have paradoxical roles in autoimmunity, exerting both pathogenic and protective effects. Pathogenesis may be antibody independent, as B cell depletion therapy (BCDT) leads to amelioration of disease irrespective of autoantibody ablation. However, the mechanisms of pathogenesis are poorly understood. We demonstrate that BCDT alleviates central nervous system autoimmunity ...
Park Hyeon-Soo - - 2012
Lonicera japonica Thunb. (L. japonica T.) has been used in Korean traditional medicine for long time because of its anti-cancer and hepatic protective effect. In this study, we investigated polyphenolic extract in L. japonica T. using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) and its anti-cancer effect on ...
Rosenkranz P - - 2012
Two cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO(2) NPs) and one micro-sized CeO(2) particle were thoroughly characterized in their pristine form, in water and in cell culture medium. The particles were tested for cytotoxicity to the H4IIE rat hepatoma cell line or the RTG-2 rainbow trout gonadal cell line by means of four ...
Dhondge Alka - - 2012
PURPOSE: There are many arguments on the carcinogenic potential of bitumen extract. The mechanism of bitumen-induced damage is not well understood at the molecular level. Therefore, in the present study, cell-transforming and tumor-inducing potential of bitumen extract was studied using in vitro [human osteosarcoma (HOS) cells] and in vivo [nude ...
Mann Monica K - - 2012
A dual role of B cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of the human autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis (MS), has been established. In the first role, B cells contribute to the pathogenesis of EAE through the production of anti-myelin antibodies that contribute to demyelination. On the contrary, ...
Ma Hai-Ying - - 2012
Three new triterpenoid derivatives, 3-O-β-D: -glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxtriol (1), 3-formyloxy-20-O-β-D: -glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxtriol (2) and 26-hydroxyl-24(E)-20(S)-protopanaxtriol (3), along with six known ginsenosides, were isolated from leaves of Panax ginseng. Their structures were established on the basis of spectral analysis (IR, 1D and 2D NMR, HRESI-MS). Compounds 1-3 exhibited various degree of cytotoxicity towards human ...
Al-Quadan Tasneem T Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, - - 2012
Legionella pneumophila proliferates within various protists and metazoan cells, where a cadre of ∼300 effectors is injected into the host cell by the defect in organelle trafficking/intracellular multiplication (Dot/Icm) type IVB translocation system. Interkingdom horizontal gene transfer of genes of protists and their subsequent convergent evolution to become translocated effectors ...
Zhang Xian-Tao - - 2012
Two new cycloartane glycosides were isolated from the aerial parts of Thalictrum fortunei (Ranunculaceae). The chemical structures of these compounds were elucidated as 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl (1 → 4)-β-d-fucopyranosyl-(22S,24Z)-cycloart-24-en-3β,22,26,30-tetraol 26-O-β-d-glucopyranoside and 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl (1 → 4)-β-d-fucopyranosyl-(22S,24Z)-cycloart-24-en-3β,22,26,29-tetraol 26-O-β-d-glucopyranoside by extensive 1D and 2D NMR methods, HR-ESI-MS, and hydrolysis. Their cytotoxic activities toward human hepatoma Bel-7402 cells, human colon ...
Gaude Nicole - - 2012
The development of an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is a non-synchronous process with typical mycorrhizal root containing different symbiotic stages at one time. Methods providing cell type-specific resolution are therefore required to separate these stages and analyze each particular structure independently from each other. We established an experimental system for ...
Lisak Robert P - - 2012
B cells are important in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and some of the effects are not dependent on maturation of B cells into immunoglobulin (Ig) producing plasmablasts and plasma cells. B cells present antigen, activate T cells, and are involved in immunoregulation and cytokine secretion. To determine if ...
Raffa V - - 2012
Irreversible lethal electroporation (IRE) is a new non-thermal ablation modality that uses short pulses of high amplitude static electric fields (up 1000 V/cm) to create irreversible pores in the cell membrane, thus, causing cell death. Recently, IRE has emerged as a promising clinical modality for cancer disease treatment. Here, we investigated ...
Chan Hsiu-Hui - - 2012
Two new drimane-type compounds, nigrofomins A ( 1) and B ( 2), possessing a rare dioxabicyclooctane moiety, were purified from the fruiting bodies of NIGROFOMES MELANOPORUS. Their structures were determined using 1D-, 2D-NMR and HR-ESI-MS spectroscopic analyses. In addition, 1 was established by X-ray crystallographic studies. Both nigrofomins A ( ...
Shen Shuo - - 2012
Five new steroidal saponins, Pallidifloside D (1), Pallidifloside E (2), Pallidifloside G (5), Pallidifloside H (6) and Pallidifloside I (7), together with seven other steroidal saponins (3, 4, 8-12) were isolated from the dry bulbs of Fritillaria pallidiflora Schrenk. Their structures were established by spectroscopic techniques (IR, MS, 1D and ...
Disanto G G Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford, - - 2012
Understanding the pathogenesis of complex immunologic disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS) is challenging. Abnormalities in many different cell types are observed in the immune system and CNS of patients with MS and the identification of the primary and secondary events is difficult. Recent studies suggest that the model of ...
Tian Junmian - - 2012
Five new carboline alkaloids, tunicoidines A-E ( 1- 5), and two known carboline alkaloids, 1-acetyl- β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid ( 6) and 1-acetyl-3-carbomethoxyl- β-carboline ( 7), were isolated for the first time from the root of PSAMMOSILENE TUNICOIDES. The structures of the new carboline alkaloids were established on the basis of 1D- ...
Li Mengqiu M Kroto Research Institute, The University of Sheffield, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, United - - 2012
Raman microspectroscopy is a label-free and nondestructive technique to measure the intrinsic chemical profile of single cells. The naturally weak Raman signals hampered the application of Raman spectroscopy for high-throughput measurements. Nearly all photosynthetic microorganisms contain carotenoids that are active molecules for resonance Raman at a 532 nm excitation wavelength. ...
Marzouk Mohamed S - - 2012
From an extract of leaves and small branches of Euphorbia cotinifolia L., 17 polyphenols were isolated including two new ellagitannins and a trigalloyl-glucosylkaempferol. Based on extensive spectral data (UV, ESI-MS, 1H NMR, DEPT and 1D/2D NMR) and chemical studies, their structures were characterized as 1-O-galloyl-3,6-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-D-B1,4-glucopyranose (5), 1-O-galloyl-3,6-valoneoyl-D-B1,4-glucopyranose (6), and kaempferol ...
Kronthaler Jennifer - - 2012
Abstract Metabolomics is a rapidly emerging tool for studying and optimizing both media and bioprocess development for culturing recombinant mammalian cells that are used in protein production processes. Quenching of the cells is crucial to fix their metabolic status at the time of sampling. Three precooled quenching solutions were tested ...
Guo Xinjin - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to construct stably transfected HeLa cells with human peptide transporters (hPEPT1/hPEPT2) and to identify the function of the transfected cells using the substrate JBP485 (a dipeptide) and a typical substrate for PEPTs, glycylsarcosine (Gly-Sar). An efficient and rapid method was established for the preparation ...
Krumova Petranka - - 2012
Comment on: Krumova P, et al. J Cell Biol 2011; 194 :49-60.
Krumova Petranka - - 2012
Comment on: Krumova P, et al. J Cell Biol 2011; 194 :49-60.
Liu Wei W Department of Pharmacy, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, - - 2012
To clarify sotalol's classification in the BCS versus BDDCS systems through cellular, rat everted sac and PAMPA permeability studies. Studies were carried out in Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) and MDR1-transfected MDCK (MDCK-MDR1) cell lines, rat everted gut sacs and the Parallel Artificial Membrane Permeability Assay (PAMPA) system. Three-hour transport ...
Huang Hongbo - - 2012
Five new C-glycoside angucyclines, named grincamycins B-F (1-5), and a known angucycline antibiotic, grincamycin (6), were isolated from Streptomyces lusitanus SCSIO LR32, an actinomycete of deep sea origin. The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses, including MS and 1D and 2D NMR experiments. ...
Tracey Kevin J - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with the appearance of autoreactive T cells in the central nervous system. Using a mouse model of MS, Arima et al. now show that this attack begins at a specific spinal cord location. T cell entry into the CNS is regulated by a reflex neural circuit originating from ...
Fernández-Arroyo S - - 2012
Crude phenolic extracts (PE) have been obtained from naturally bearing Spanish extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) showing different polyphenol families such as secoiridoids, phenolic alcohols, lignans, and flavones. EVOO-derived complex phenols (especially from the Arbequina variety olive) have been shown to suppress cell growth of SW480 and HT29 human colon adenocarcinoma ...
Luo Yong - - 2012
Traditional 'macroscopic' pharmacokinetics (PK) investigates the fate of drugs or toxicants administered externally to living organisms, described by the extent and rate of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion. However, how a single cell affects a specific pharmaceutical after administration still remains a largely untouched area, primarily due to the technical ...
Coutinho Marcela A S - - 2012
The chemical composition and immunosuppressive potential of the flowers from Kalanchoe pinnata (Crassulaceae) were investigated. We found that the aqueous flower extract was more active than the leaf extract in inhibiting murine T cell mitogenesis in vitro. Flavonoids isolated from the flower extract were identified and quantitated based on NMR ...
Zhang Weiqi W National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, - - 2012
Many neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and others often occur as a result of progressive loss of structure or function of neurons. Recently, many groups were able to generate neural cells, either differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) or converted from somatic cells. ...
Zeng Gu-Qing - - 2012
To discover novel biomarkers for early detection of human lung squamous cell cancer (LSCC) and explore possible mechanisms of LSCC carcinogenesis, iTRAQ-tagging combined with two dimensional liquid chromatography tandem MS analysis was used to identify differentially expressed proteins in human bronchial epithelial carcinogenic process using laser capture microdissection-purified normal bronchial ...
Kaliszewska Anna - - 2012
The field of epigenomics involves the study of chromatin, the three dimensional complex of DNA, protein and non-coding RNAs that determines the accessibility of DNA by the transcriptional machinery. The epigenome varies from cell to cell and reflects the effect of external stimuli on cell fate and cell state. Thanks ...
Duan Hongying H Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical University, Moroyama-cho, Iruma-gun, Saitama 350-0495, - - 2012
In a previous study, we developed five kinds of monoclonal antibodies against different portions of human mEH: three, anti-N-terminal; one, anti-C-terminal; one, anti-conformational epitope. Using them, we stained the intact and the permeabilized human cells of various kinds and performed flow cytometric analysis. Primary hepatocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells ...
Lee Yoen Jung YJ Department of Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul, 120-749, - - 2012
1,2-Dibromoethane and glycidol are well known genotoxic carcinogens, which have been widely used in industry. To identify a specific biomarker for these carcinogens in cells, the cellular proteome of L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells treated with these compounds was analyzed by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS). Of ...
Carlson Hans K - - 2012
Almost nothing is known about the mechanisms of dissimilatory metal reduction by Gram-positive bacteria, although they may be the dominant species in some environments. Thermincola potens strain JR was isolated from the anode of a microbial fuel cell inoculated with anaerobic digester sludge and operated at 55 °C. Preliminary characterization ...
Xu Mo - - 2012
In eukaryotic cells, posttranslational modifications (PTMs) on histones regulate chromatin structure and thus impact nearly all chromatin-templated events, including replication, transcription, and DNA repair. During S phase, newly synthesized histones are deposited onto DNA, leading to dilution of total chromatin-associated modifications. To maintain genome organization in daughter cells, histone PTMs ...
Bulani Siyavuya Ishmael - - 2012
In this study, a novel rDNA based plasmid was developed for display of heterologous proteins on the cell surface of Yarrowia lipolytica using the C-terminal end of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored Y. lipolytica cell wall protein 1 (YlCWP1). mCherry was used as a model protein to assess the efficiency of ...
Kobori Toshiro - - 2012
Recently, efforts have been made to reduce the size of food particles containing functional ingredients, since reducing the size is expected to improve intestinal absorption. However, the absorption mechanisms have yet to be fully clarified. Therefore, a microscopy-based method for studying interactions between the particles and intestinal cells is required. ...
Walia Mayanka - - 2012
Light pale-colored volatile oil was obtained from fresh leaves of Malus domestica tree, growing in Dhauladhar range of Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh, India), with characteristic eucalyptol dominant fragrance. The oil was found to be a complex mixture of mono-, sesqui-, di-terpenes, phenolics, and aliphatic hydrocarbons. Seventeen compounds accounting for nearly 95.3% ...
Torres Klintsy Julieta - - 2012
In multiple sclerosis during periods of remission a limited degree of myelin repair can be observed mediated by oligodendroglial precursor cells. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors act as anti-inflammatory agents and might hold promise for future multiple sclerosis treatment. To investigate whether phosphodiesterase inhibitors could also influence myelin repair. We stimulated primary oligodendroglial ...
Zhang Weiqi - - 2012
In this work, behaviors of positively-charged AuNRs in a highly metastatic tumor cell line MDA-MB-231 are examined based on UV-vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy in combination with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dark-field microscopic observation. It is found that characteristic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peaks of ...
Chodurek Ewa - - 2012
The increase of a skin malignant melanoma (melanoma malignum) incidence in the world has been observed in recent years. The tumour, especially in advanced stadium with metastases, is highly resistant to conventional treatment. One of the strategies is to modulate melanogenesis using chemical compounds. In this study, the processes of ...
Abu Dawud Raed - - 2012
While human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human embryonal carcinoma cells (hECCs) have been studied extensively at the levels of the genome, transcriptome, proteome and epigenome our knowledge of their corresponding metabolomes is limited. Here, we present the metabolic signatures of hESCs and hESCs obtained by untargeted gas chromatography coupled ...
Shiheido Hirokazu - - 2012
Despite the introduction of newly developed drugs such as lenalidomide and bortezomib, patients with multiple myeloma are still difficult to treat and have a poor prognosis. In order to find novel drugs that are effective for multiple myeloma, we tested the antitumor activity of 29 phthalimide derivatives against several multiple ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
Colon crypts, a single sheet of epithelia cells, consist of a periodic pattern of stem cells, transit-amplifying cells, and terminally differentiated cells that constantly renew and turnover. Experimental evidence suggests that Wnt signaling promotes and regulates stem cell division, differentiation, and possible cell migrations while intestinal BMP signaling inhibits stem ...
Disanto Giulio G Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2012
More than 50 genomic regions have now been shown to influence the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the mechanisms of action, and the cell types in which these associated variants act at the molecular level remain largely unknown. This is especially true for associated regions containing no known genes. ...
Su Ching-Chyuan - - 2011
Active compounds from natural products have been widely studied. The anti-tumor effects of 13-acetoxysarcocrassolide isolated from Formosan soft coral Sarcophyton crassocaule on bladder cancer cells were examined in this study. An MTT assay showed that 13-acetoxysarcocrassolide was cytotoxic to bladder female transitional cancer (BFTC) cells. We determined that the BFTC ...
Que Wenzhong - - 2012
Que W, Chen J, Chuang M, Jiang D. Knockdown of c-Met enhances sensitivity to bortezomib in human multiple myeloma U266 cells via inhibiting Akt/mTOR activity. APMIS 2012; 120: 195-203. The c-Met is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is overexpressed in human myeloma cell lines and promotes the survival and drug ...
Jung K-H - - 2011
Clopidogrel therapy to prevent atherothrombosis faces the challenge of reduced responsiveness. The absorption of clopidogrel is regulated by multidrug-resistance protein 1 (MDR1) in the intestinal epithelium. Given that aspirin induces MDR1 in cancer cells and peripheral blood cells, it may induce MDR1 in intestinal epithelial cells as well, thereby affecting ...
Tokita Seiji - - 2011
In this article, we developed a new and mild procedure for the isolation of chlorosomes from a green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum. In this procedure, Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) protein was released by long cold treatment (6°C) of cells under the presence of a chaotrope (2 M NaSCN) and 0.6 M sucrose. Chlorosomes were ...
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