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Sakaguchi M - - 2000
Many lines of evidence indicate that neoplastic transformation of cells occurs by a multistep process. For neoplastic transformation of normal human cells, they must be first immortalized and then be converted into neoplastic cells. It is well known that the immortalization is a critical step for the neoplastic transformation of ...
Tsutsui T - - 2000
Bisphenol-A (BP-A), a monomer of plastics used in numerous consumer products and a xenoestrogen, induces cellular transformation and aneuploidy in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells. In this study, the abilities of 4 other bisphenols to induce cellular transformation and genetic effects in SHE cells were examined and compared to BP-A. ...
Jones M P - - 2000
There are conflicting claims for the role of melatonin in oncogenesis. In addition, the mechanism(s) underlying melatonin's effects in oncogenic processes is (are) unknown. In this study, the effects of melatonin exposure on cell proliferation and transformation were assessed in NIH3T3 cells transfected with either the human mt(1) (NIH-mt1) or ...
Fischer R S - - 2000
Epithelial and fibroblast cells were differentially susceptible to transformation by oncogenic src, ras, mos, raf, rac, and cdc42 and the influence of adenovirus E1A. In contrast to NIH 3T3 cells, which are easily transformed by all the oncogenes tested, epithelial cells were more resistant to transformation by the same oncogenes. ...
Heckman C A - - 2000
Differences between transformed cells and their normal counterparts were defined by analyzing the cells' three-dimensional distribution of mass. Variables called factors, which explained the covariance of the real variables, were extracted from the data. We found that factors #4 (sharp, tapering projections) and #12 (rounding up), corresponded to G-protein functions. ...
Hofmann W - - 2000
Energy deposition and cellular radiation effects arising from the interaction of single 218Po and 214Po alpha particles with basal and secretory cell nuclei were simulated for different target cell depths in the bronchial epithelium of human airway generations 2, 4, 6, and 10. To relate the random chord lengths of ...
Kim K R - - 2000
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) has a significant role in initiating EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disease and EBV-related malignancies. In view of clinical features related to the type of EBV latency, LMP1 may influence invasiveness of EBV associated tumors categorized as types II and III as represented on ...
Topol L Z - - 2000
Down-regulated by mos (Drm)/Gremlin is a highly conserved protein whose properties and expression pattern suggest a role in early development, tissue-specific differentiation, and cell transformation. We have investigated the biosynthesis and processing of Drm expressed endogenously in rat fibroblasts or overexpressed following transient or stable transfection. Analysis of metabolically labeled ...
Keshava N - - 2000
A large number of workers are potentially exposed to cadmium during mining and processing. Therefore, there is a concern regarding the potential carcinogenic hazards of cadmium to exposed workers. Studies have been performed to determine if cadmium chloride (CdCl(2)) can induce morphological cell transformation, DNA from CdCl(2)-induced transformed cells can ...
Villone G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether a persistent increase of cAMP interferes with the proliferation of transformed thyroid cells, and (ii) whether the degree of malignancy is correlated with the sensitivity to a transient and/or sustained increase in intracellular cAMP levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: To ...
Rao K V - - 2000
Malachite green (MG) consisting of green crystals with a metallic lustre, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells and also acts as a liver tumor promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Sarma K D - - 2000
A modified trypan blue dye exclusion assay was developed usingNi(2+) or Co(2+) salts to determine the viability ofprimary and transformed cells. When the cells were preincubatedwith NiSO(4) or CoCl(2) followed by trypan blue assay, thecontrast between stained and unstained cells was significantlyincreased as compared to the conventional trypan blue dyeexclusion ...
Enjoji M - - 2000
A sarcomatoid cholangiocarcinoma cell line, ETK-1, was established from a patient. Phenotypically, the cells corresponded to immature biliary epithelial cells. Because a small number of ETK-1 cells appeared to differentiate spontaneously along a biliary epithelial lineage in continuous culture, we examined the factors that initiate and/or promote the differentiation of ...
Lam H C - - 2000
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a 21 amino acid peptide originally purified from conditioned medium of cultures of porcine aortic endothelial cells, is recognized also as a product of many other cells such as epithelial cells, glial cells, and neurons. It is now recognized that at least ET-1 plays an important role in ...
Yang X - - 2000
The latent membrane protein LMP1 of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is often present in EBV-associated malignancies including nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Previous work demonstrates that the LMP1 gene of EBV is sufficient to transform certain established rodent fibroblast cell lines and to induce the tumorigenicity of some human epithelial cell ...
Johnson M - - 2000
Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) has received much attention for its role in interfering with tumor progression and slowing the metastasis of neoplastic cells. However, there is little information regarding the antioxidant properties of IP6 or its ability to enhance the natural disease resistance of the body. The specific objectives of this ...
Rhim J S - - 2000
While the majority of carcinogenesis studies have relied on the use of rodent cells in culture, experimental models to define the role of carcinogenic agents in the development of cancers must be established by using a variety of human cells. Unlike rodent cells, normal human cells in culture rarely undergo ...
Coogan T P - - 2000
Previously, we found cadmium (Cd) to be effective in suppressing liver and lung tumors in rodents. Thus, this study investigated the susceptibility of cultured cells to Cd during spontaneous transformation. The TRL 1215 cell line is an epithelial-like liver cell normally nontumorigenic. However, continuous passage can occasionally result in spontaneous ...
Itoh T - - 2000
Ultraviolet-sensitive syndrome (UVsS) is a newly established photosensitive disorder. Patients with UVsS showed mild clinical manifestations similar to classical types of xeroderma pigmentosum, and had biochemical phenotypes of Cockayne syndrome but not those of xeroderma pigmentosum. Fibroblasts from a UVsS patient were treated with simian virus 40 DNA containing the ...
Lin F - - 2000
Cell transformation is one of the most common assays used to study morphological changes in the multistep process of carcinogenesis. The present study was initiated to investigate the ability of crocidolite to induce cell transformation in BALB/c-3T3 cells and to analyze the relationship between p53 mutations and crocidolite-induced cell transformation, ...
Pfeifer T A - - 1999
We have produced an active form of Schistocerca gregaria ion transport peptide (ITP) in an insect cell expression system. Transformed Drosophila Kc1 cells secreted a form of ITP into the cell culture medium that was proteolytically cleaved correctly at the amino (N)-terminus. Concentrated culture supernatant from transformed Kc1 and Hi5 ...
Lema-Foley C - - 1999
The normal shape of the erythrocytes of the bivalves known as blood clams is maintained by a marginal band (MB) of microtubules. When hemolymph (or "blood") is withdrawn from the animal, its erythrocytes change, within minutes, from the normal smooth-surfaced, flattened ellipsoids (N-cells) to spheroids with folded surfaces (X-cells). This ...
Watanabe M - - 1999
Amplification and expression status of the CCND1 gene in 12 cell lines derived from esophageal cancer was evaluated and the differences in the cell proliferation and morphology were investigated. Amplification was observed in 6 cell lines, all of which consequently overexpressed the mRNA. Although the amplification of the gene did ...
Feng S H - - 1999
32D cells, a murine myeloid cell line, rapidly undergo apoptosis upon withdrawal of interleukin-3 (IL-3) supplement in culture. We found that 32D cells, if infected by several species of human mycoplasmas that rapidly activated NF-kappaB, would live and continue to grow in IL-3-depleted culture. Mycoplasma-infected cells showed no evidence of ...
Chang J S - - 1999
We previously have shown that the overexpression of phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) in rat 3Y1 fibroblasts results in malignant transformation (Chang, J.-S., Noh, D.Y., Park, I.A., Kim, M;.J., Song, H., Ryu, S.H. and Suh, P.-G. (1997) Cancer Res. 57, 5465-5468). The transformed cells, which initially are in an elongated and flat ...
Stein K - - 1999
Monocytoid B cells represent a morphologically conspicuous B-cell population that constantly occurs in Toxoplasma gondii-induced Piringer's lymphadenopathy. Although widely believed to be closely related to splenic marginal zone B cells, neither this relationship, nor the B-cell differentiation stage of monocytoid B cells, nor their cellular precursors have been established. We ...
Pardo L A - - 1999
We have investigated the possible implication of the cell cycle-regulated K(+) channel ether à go-go (EAG) in cell proliferation and transformation. We show that transfection of EAG into mammalian cells confers a transformed phenotype. In addition, human EAG mRNA is detected in several somatic cancer cell lines, despite being preferentially ...
Mazurek S - - 1999
Oval cells are liver epithelial cells that proliferate during the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis induced by a variety of chemicals. The oval cell lines OC/CDE 6 and OC/CDE 22 have been established in our laboratory at two time points (6 and 22 weeks) of the carcinogenic process and have been ...
Urbancíková M - - 1999
Pseudorabies virus growth factor (PRGF) was shown to possess transforming activity as well as transformation repressing activity in in vitro systems. In order to better understand these phenomena we studied actin cytoskeleton and its alterations induced by PRGF using normal human fibroblasts VH-10 and transformed cell line HeLa. For specific ...
Satriano J - - 1999
Polyamines, required components of proliferation, are autoregulated by the protein antizyme. To date, agmatine is the only molecule other than the polyamines that can induce antizyme, and thus influence cell homeostasis and growth. Agmatine has effectively suppressed proliferation in immortalized and transformed cell lines. An increased sensitivity to the anti-proliferative ...
Ismail P M - - 1999
USF is a family of transcription factors that are structurally related to the Myc oncoproteins and also share with Myc a common DNA-binding specificity. USF overexpression can prevent c-Myc-dependent cellular transformation and also inhibit the proliferation of certain transformed cells. These antiproliferative activities suggest that USF inactivation could be implicated ...
Khan M S - - 1999
Plastid transformation in higher plants is accomplished through a gradual process, during which all the 300-10,000 plastid genome copies are uniformly altered. Antibiotic resistance genes incorporated in the plastid genome facilitate maintenance of transplastomes during this process. Given the high number of plastid genome copies in a cell, transformation unavoidably ...
Oka K - - 1999
Isolation of cell lines that display various degrees of transformed phenotypes may be very useful to clarify multistep mechanisms of oncogenesis, but malignant transformation of human diploid fibroblasts in culture is a very rare event. We attempted to isolate variously transformed cell lines from human diploid fibroblasts (RB) of a ...
Zhang H - - 1999
CD80, a cell surface molecule found on antigen-presenting cells which particpates in costimulatory signaling, is frequently detected on transformed and tumor cells. We examined the effect of transformation by v-myc, k-ras, and SV40 T antigen oncogenes on the expression of a CD80 promoter/luciferase gene as well as the endogenous CD80 ...
Chow M - - 1999
A quantitative study was made of the cytotoxicity of methotrexate (MTX) for nontransformed and transformed NIH 3T3 cells in the presence and absence of leucovorin. The study was preceded by an analysis of the growth rates of the cells at low and high population density combined with low and high ...
Louro I D - - 1999
The protein synthetic machinery is activated by diverse genetic alterations during tumor progression in vivo and represents an attractive target for cancer therapy. We show that rapamycin inhibits the induction of transformed foci in vitro by GLI, a transcription factor that functions in the sonic hedgehog-patched pathway in tumors. In ...
Lukácová M - - 1999
The molecular biological study of the obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella burnetii is hampered because of the lack of an efficient DNA transformation system. We used expression of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in addition to ampicillin resistance as a selection marker for detection of transformed C. burnetii cells. Fluorescent microscopy ...
Ma J X - - 1999
The protein RPE65 has an important role in retinoid processing and/or retinoid transport in the eye. Retinoids are involved in cell differentiation, embryogenesis and carcinogenesis. Since the kidney is known as an important site for retinoid metabolism, the expression of RPE65 in normal kidney and transformed kidney cells has been ...
Yang M - - 1999
In this study, we investigated the genes related to the transformation of immortalized human fetal tracheal fibroblast cell line induced by alpha particles by means of differential display mRNA method. The result revealed that there were 23 DNA fragments that were expressed intensively in alphaSHTF cells (SHTF cells forming clone ...
Kohen E - - 1999
The dichotomy of cellular transformation versus differentiation does not preclude the hypothesis of a unified underlying mechanism that can switch either way as a result of growth factors, cell-membrane receptors, secondary messengers, integrating switch kinases and/or nuclear receptors. Its study for biopharmaceutical and biotechnological applications requires a methodology capable of ...
Foster K W - - 1999
The function of several known oncogenes is restricted to specific host cells in vitro, suggesting that new genes may be identified by using alternate hosts. RK3E cells exhibit characteristics of epithelia and are susceptible to transformation by the G protein RAS and the zinc finger protein GLI. Expression cloning identified ...
Cruciani V - - 1999
We compared the ability of four hepatic peroxisome proliferators (HPPs) to induce morphological transformation (MT) in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells under different experimental conditions including the composition of the test medium (DMEM at pH7.35 and 7.0, and in LeBoeuf's modified DMEM at pH6.7) and the modalities of exposure. The ...
Huang C - - 1999
Trivalent arsenic (arsenite, As3+) is a human carcinogen, which is associated with cancers of skin, lung, liver, and bladder. However, the mechanism by which arsenite causes cancer is not well understood. In this study, we found that exposure of Cl 41 cells, a well characterized mouse epidermal cell model for ...
Hase F - - 1999
The instrumental line shape (ILS) of two commercial high-resolution Fourier transform IR spectrometers has been analysed with gas cell measurements and a new ILS retrieval software LINEFIT. The instruments are used for atmospheric remote sounding, and the compatibility of the ILS deduced from laboratory gas cell measurements with the ILS ...
Rumpf H - - 1999
Transformation of primary rodent cells by functions of the adenovirus type 12 (Ad12) early region 1 (E1) is reduced severalfold compared with transformation by E1 of Ad2. We analyzed whether the unique spacer region of Ad12 E1A that borders the conserved region (CR) 2 and represents an oncogenic determinant of ...
Ona T - - 1999
Analysis of the proportion of cell types in native wood is important for understanding the environmental stresses including an increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration on the structure of wood, especially for the management of plantation forests which will reduce our reliance on natural forests. The conventional method for determining the proportion ...
Sakamoto Y - - 1999
When transformed cells were co-cultured with various densities of non-transformed BALB/c 3T3 A31-1-1 cells, the number of transformed cell foci decreased as the density of the A31-1-1 cells was increased. Under the condition of separate co-cultivation in which transformed cloned cells could not make contact with A31-1-1 cells, no inhibitory ...
Noritake H - - 1999
This article discusses the transformation of epithelial Madin-Durby canine kidney (MDCK) cells with v-src induced expression of membrane-type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and metastatic growth in nude mice (Kadono Y et al., Cancer Res 1998; 58: 2240-44). To analyze genes associated with invasive phenotype of v-src MDCK cells, mRNA differential display ...
Croce A C - - 1999
The dependence of autofluorescence properties on the metabolic and functional engagement and on the transformation condition was studied on single cells. Normal Galliera rat fibroblasts at low subculture passage (cell strain), at high subculture passage (stabilized cell line), and transformed cell line derived from a rat sarcoma were used as ...
Liu Y - - 1999
The biological effects of the growth-inhibiting epidermal pentapeptide, pyroGlu-Glu-Asp-Ser-GlyOH (EPP), were studied at cell and gene level. After treatment with high doses of EPP (1,000 ng/ml 2 nanomol/ml), 3H-TdR incorporation was reduced in both non-transformed (NC3H10) and transformed (TC3H10) cells. These findings were corroborated by flow cytometry DNA distributions that ...
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