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Results 551 - 600 of 2329
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Kunik T - - 2001
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a soil phytopathogen that elicits neoplastic growths on the host plant species. In nature, however, Agrobacterium also may encounter organisms belonging to other kingdoms such as insects and animals that feed on the infected plants. Can Agrobacterium, then, also infect animal cells? Here, we report that Agrobacterium ...
Ilinskaya O - - 2001
The antiproliferative action of the guanine-specific ribonuclease secreted by Bacillus intermedius (binase) was studied in different chicken and mouse cell lines. The proliferation rate of chicken embryo fibroblasts, either normal or Rous sarcoma virus-transformed, was significantly reduced by binase treatment. Among mouse fibroblasts, v-ras-transformed NIH3T3 cells were sensitive to binase, ...
Rao K V - - 2001
Malachite green (MG), consisting of green crystals with a metallic luster, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells, and may act as a liver tumor promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Russo J - - 2001
The morphological analysis of breast cancer development indicates this to be a multistep process that progressively evolves from ductal hyperplasia and atypical ductal hyperplasia, which represent the initial stages of neoplastic growth, to carcinoma in situ, invasive carcinoma, and ultimately metastasis, as has been documented for a number of other ...
Barr S M - - 2001
Levels of Puralpha, a conserved, sequence-specific single-stranded DNA and RNA binding protein, fluctuate during the cell cycle, declining at the onset of S-phase and peaking at mitosis. In early G1 Puralpha is associated with the hypophosphorylated form of the retinoblastoma protein, Rb. Microinjection of purified Puralpha into NIH3T3 cells arrests ...
Sakaguchi M - - 2001
Many lines of evidence indicate that the immortalization step is critical for the neoplastic transformation of normal human cells. Once normal human cells have been immortalized, they are relatively easily transformed into neoplastic cells. In order to understand these phenomena, patterns of protein phosphorylation in proliferating normal human fibroblast cell ...
Park J H - - 2001
Recombinant plasmids containing a complementary deoxyribonucleic acid coding mouse endostatin were transfected and stably expressed in Drosophila melanogaster Schneider 2 (S2) cells. Stably transformed polyclonal cell populations expressing recombinant endostatin were isolated after 4 wk of selection with hygromycin B. Recombinant endostatin expressed in the stably transformed S2 cells under ...
Pleban E - - 2001
In this study we compared the sensitivity of different human and murine cell lines varying in the stage of transformation to dose- and time-dependent cytostatic and/or cytotoxic effects of PSI (a selective proteasome inhibitor), measured by a standard MTT assay. It was found that intensively proliferating cell lines were more ...
Pitts J D - - 2001
Tissue autofluorescence has been explored as a potential method of noninvasive pre-neoplasia (pre-malignancy) detection in the lung. Here, we report the first studies of intrinsic cellular autofluorescence from SV40 immortalized and distinct tobacco-carcinogen-transformed (malignant) human bronchial epithelial cells. These cell lines are useful models for studies seeking to distinguish between ...
Oshiro Y - - 2001
Bemitradine is a compound that was intended for use as a diuretic antihypertensive drug. In the preclinical safety assays, it was found to be nongenotoxic in five in vitro assays (Ames, mouse lymphoma, CHO/HGPRT, CHO chromosome aberration, and UDS) and in one in vivo assay (mouse bone marrow micronucleus). In ...
Sedo A - - 2001
There is growing evidence that dipeptidyl peptidase IV [DPP-IV, EC 3.4.14.5] takes part in the metabolism of biologically active peptides participating in the regulation of growth and transformation of glial cells. However, the knowledge on the DPP-IV expression in human glial and glioma cells is still very limited. In this ...
Sakaguchi M - - 2001
It is well known that cancer develops through a multistep process. In vitro transformation studies of normal human cells have shown that the immortalization step is critical for neoplastic transformation of cells. Furthermore, studies of cell fusion between normal and immortalized cells have indicated that the normal phenotype is dominant ...
Herdener M - - 2000
Transformed fibroblasts are specifically eliminated by their nontransformed neighbors through intercellular induction of apoptosis. This process depends on the number of nontransformed effector cells and on the local density of transformed target cells. Intercellular signalling is inhibited by SOD (a scavenger of superoxide anions), taurine (a scavenger of HOCl), 4-aminobenzoyl ...
Lamorte L - - 2000
Cell transformation is associated with anchorage independent growth and morphological changes characterized by reduced adhesion and spreading. The molecular signals that control these events are poorly understood. The Met receptor tyrosine kinase is deregulated in human tumors and an oncogenic derivative of this receptor transforms cells. In this paper we ...
Cereseto A - - 2000
Jagged2 is a member of the DSL (Delta-Serrate-Lag-2) -ligand family of transmembrane proteins that signal through the Notch receptors. In many cases of human acute lymphoblastic T-cell leukemias, chromosomal translocations fuse a part of the Notch-1 gene to the T-cell receptor-beta locus (Ellison et al., 1991, Cell 66:649-661). The truncated ...
Zhao Y L - - 2000
Although exposure to asbestos fibers is associated with the development of lung cancer, the underlying mechanism(s) remains unclear. Using human papillomavirus-immortalized human bronchial epithelial (BEP2D) cells, we previously showed that UICC chrysotiles can malignantly transform these cells in a stepwise fashion before they become tumorigenic in nude mice. In the ...
Wang H B - - 2000
One of the hallmarks of oncogenic transformation is anchorage-independent growth (27). Here we demonstrate that responses to substrate rigidity play a major role in distinguishing the growth behavior of normal cells from that of transformed cells. We cultured normal or H-ras-transformed NIH 3T3 cells on flexible collagen-coated polyacrylamide substrates with ...
Dolnikov A - - 2000
Two murine myelomonocytic cells lines were used to examine p21WAF1 expression in myc-induced cell transformation. tEMmyc4 and FDLV are two v-myc-transformed immortalised myeloid cell lines exhibiting different transformed phenotypes. FDLV cells were derived from the transduction of v-myc into FDC-P1 cells and retain growth factor (IL-3) dependence, whereas tEMmyc4 cells ...
Iuliano R - - 2000
Rat thyroid differentiated cells (PC Cl 3) are an excellent model system with which to study the interaction between differentiation and cell transformation. We previously demonstrated that PC Cl 3 cells expressing the adenovirus E1A gene no longer depend on thyrotropin for growth and do not express thyroid differentiation markers. ...
Sidén-Kiamos I - - 2000
We have developed an in vitro culture system for early sporogonic stages of Plasmodium berghei, which can be used to study developmental events normally taking place in the midgut of an infected mosquito. These include penetration of insect cells by the mature ookinete, transformation into oocysts and the early development ...
Selzer E - - 2000
Erythropoietin is well known for its role in the control of erythropoiesis, where it acts by binding to its cognate receptor (EpoR) on the surface of erythroid progenitor cells. Here we present the novel finding that the EpoR is also expressed in cells of the melanocytic lineage. It is expressed ...
Cavallaro U - - 2000
Vascular TTB cells derive from murine Kaposi's sarcoma-like dermal lesions and share several phenotypic features with AIDS-associated KS spindle cells. We have recently reported that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) promotes dramatic cytoskeletal and morphological alterations in TTB cells, concomitant with the induction of an autocrine loop for hepatocyte growth factor ...
Kawabe T - - 2000
Three human RecQ DNA helicases, WRN, BLM and RTS, are involved in the genetic disorders associated with genomic instability and a high incidence of cancer. RecQL1 and RecQL5 also belong to the human RecQ helicase family, but their correlation with genetic disorders, if any, is unknown. We report here that ...
Walicka M A - - 2000
The induction of in vitro morphological transformation in C3H 10T1/2 cells by 99mTc-Cardiolite (contents of Cardiolite kit [hexakis(2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile) and other components] plus (99m)Tc generator eluate) was examined. METHODS: Cells were grown for 48 h in the presence of 99mTc-Cardiolite or decayed 99mTc-Cardiolite (99mTc-Cardiolite after 1 wk of storage), and cell ...
Fan J G - - 2000
It has been verified that asbestos induce neoplastic transformation of several rodent cell lines in vitro. Very little information is available, however, on asbestos-induced human cell line transformation and oncogene activation in the development of asbestos-induced cell transformation. This study was designed to investigate the induction of cell transformation and ...
Bocchetta M - - 2000
Mesothelioma, a malignancy associated with asbestos, has been recently linked to simian virus 40 (SV40). We found that infection of human mesothelial cells by SV40 is very different from the semipermissive infection thought to be characteristic of human cells. Mesothelial cells are uniformly infected but not lysed by SV40, a ...
Kano Y - - 2000
During attempts to transform a normal human fibroblast strain (GM730) by X-irradiation, we obtained a partially transformed cell strain (GM730pt) which demonstrates several aspects of the transformed phenotype including morphological changes, increased saturation density, growth in soft agar, and focus formation in long-term cultures. When GM730pt cells were transfected with ...
Qiu R G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Rac and Cdc42 are members of the Rho family of small GTPases. They modulate cell growth and polarity, and contribute to oncogenic transformation by Ras. The molecular mechanisms underlying these functions remain elusive, however. RESULTS: We have identified a novel effector of Rac and Cdc42, hPar-6, which is the ...
Sakaguchi M - - 2000
Many lines of evidence indicate that neoplastic transformation of cells occurs by a multistep process. For neoplastic transformation of normal human cells, they must be first immortalized and then be converted into neoplastic cells. It is well known that the immortalization is a critical step for the neoplastic transformation of ...
Tsutsui T - - 2000
Bisphenol-A (BP-A), a monomer of plastics used in numerous consumer products and a xenoestrogen, induces cellular transformation and aneuploidy in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells. In this study, the abilities of 4 other bisphenols to induce cellular transformation and genetic effects in SHE cells were examined and compared to BP-A. ...
Jones M P - - 2000
There are conflicting claims for the role of melatonin in oncogenesis. In addition, the mechanism(s) underlying melatonin's effects in oncogenic processes is (are) unknown. In this study, the effects of melatonin exposure on cell proliferation and transformation were assessed in NIH3T3 cells transfected with either the human mt(1) (NIH-mt1) or ...
Fischer R S - - 2000
Epithelial and fibroblast cells were differentially susceptible to transformation by oncogenic src, ras, mos, raf, rac, and cdc42 and the influence of adenovirus E1A. In contrast to NIH 3T3 cells, which are easily transformed by all the oncogenes tested, epithelial cells were more resistant to transformation by the same oncogenes. ...
Heckman C A - - 2000
Differences between transformed cells and their normal counterparts were defined by analyzing the cells' three-dimensional distribution of mass. Variables called factors, which explained the covariance of the real variables, were extracted from the data. We found that factors #4 (sharp, tapering projections) and #12 (rounding up), corresponded to G-protein functions. ...
Hofmann W - - 2000
Energy deposition and cellular radiation effects arising from the interaction of single 218Po and 214Po alpha particles with basal and secretory cell nuclei were simulated for different target cell depths in the bronchial epithelium of human airway generations 2, 4, 6, and 10. To relate the random chord lengths of ...
Kim K R - - 2000
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) has a significant role in initiating EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disease and EBV-related malignancies. In view of clinical features related to the type of EBV latency, LMP1 may influence invasiveness of EBV associated tumors categorized as types II and III as represented on ...
Topol L Z - - 2000
Down-regulated by mos (Drm)/Gremlin is a highly conserved protein whose properties and expression pattern suggest a role in early development, tissue-specific differentiation, and cell transformation. We have investigated the biosynthesis and processing of Drm expressed endogenously in rat fibroblasts or overexpressed following transient or stable transfection. Analysis of metabolically labeled ...
Keshava N - - 2000
A large number of workers are potentially exposed to cadmium during mining and processing. Therefore, there is a concern regarding the potential carcinogenic hazards of cadmium to exposed workers. Studies have been performed to determine if cadmium chloride (CdCl(2)) can induce morphological cell transformation, DNA from CdCl(2)-induced transformed cells can ...
Villone G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether a persistent increase of cAMP interferes with the proliferation of transformed thyroid cells, and (ii) whether the degree of malignancy is correlated with the sensitivity to a transient and/or sustained increase in intracellular cAMP levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: To ...
Rao K V - - 2000
Malachite green (MG) consisting of green crystals with a metallic lustre, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells and also acts as a liver tumor promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Sarma K D - - 2000
A modified trypan blue dye exclusion assay was developed usingNi(2+) or Co(2+) salts to determine the viability ofprimary and transformed cells. When the cells were preincubatedwith NiSO(4) or CoCl(2) followed by trypan blue assay, thecontrast between stained and unstained cells was significantlyincreased as compared to the conventional trypan blue dyeexclusion ...
Enjoji M - - 2000
A sarcomatoid cholangiocarcinoma cell line, ETK-1, was established from a patient. Phenotypically, the cells corresponded to immature biliary epithelial cells. Because a small number of ETK-1 cells appeared to differentiate spontaneously along a biliary epithelial lineage in continuous culture, we examined the factors that initiate and/or promote the differentiation of ...
Lam H C - - 2000
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a 21 amino acid peptide originally purified from conditioned medium of cultures of porcine aortic endothelial cells, is recognized also as a product of many other cells such as epithelial cells, glial cells, and neurons. It is now recognized that at least ET-1 plays an important role in ...
Yang X - - 2000
The latent membrane protein LMP1 of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is often present in EBV-associated malignancies including nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Previous work demonstrates that the LMP1 gene of EBV is sufficient to transform certain established rodent fibroblast cell lines and to induce the tumorigenicity of some human epithelial cell ...
Johnson M - - 2000
Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) has received much attention for its role in interfering with tumor progression and slowing the metastasis of neoplastic cells. However, there is little information regarding the antioxidant properties of IP6 or its ability to enhance the natural disease resistance of the body. The specific objectives of this ...
Rhim J S - - 2000
While the majority of carcinogenesis studies have relied on the use of rodent cells in culture, experimental models to define the role of carcinogenic agents in the development of cancers must be established by using a variety of human cells. Unlike rodent cells, normal human cells in culture rarely undergo ...
Coogan T P - - 2000
Previously, we found cadmium (Cd) to be effective in suppressing liver and lung tumors in rodents. Thus, this study investigated the susceptibility of cultured cells to Cd during spontaneous transformation. The TRL 1215 cell line is an epithelial-like liver cell normally nontumorigenic. However, continuous passage can occasionally result in spontaneous ...
Itoh T - - 2000
Ultraviolet-sensitive syndrome (UVsS) is a newly established photosensitive disorder. Patients with UVsS showed mild clinical manifestations similar to classical types of xeroderma pigmentosum, and had biochemical phenotypes of Cockayne syndrome but not those of xeroderma pigmentosum. Fibroblasts from a UVsS patient were treated with simian virus 40 DNA containing the ...
Lin F - - 2000
Cell transformation is one of the most common assays used to study morphological changes in the multistep process of carcinogenesis. The present study was initiated to investigate the ability of crocidolite to induce cell transformation in BALB/c-3T3 cells and to analyze the relationship between p53 mutations and crocidolite-induced cell transformation, ...
Pfeifer T A - - 1999
We have produced an active form of Schistocerca gregaria ion transport peptide (ITP) in an insect cell expression system. Transformed Drosophila Kc1 cells secreted a form of ITP into the cell culture medium that was proteolytically cleaved correctly at the amino (N)-terminus. Concentrated culture supernatant from transformed Kc1 and Hi5 ...
Lema-Foley C - - 1999
The normal shape of the erythrocytes of the bivalves known as blood clams is maintained by a marginal band (MB) of microtubules. When hemolymph (or "blood") is withdrawn from the animal, its erythrocytes change, within minutes, from the normal smooth-surfaced, flattened ellipsoids (N-cells) to spheroids with folded surfaces (X-cells). This ...
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