Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2301
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Rovensky YuA - - 2001
The behaviour of epitheliocytes, their transformed analogues, and fibroblasts was studied on special culture substrates--lattices with large square openings (the area of an opening was 2000 microm2). It was shown that normal epithelocytes and fibroblasts initially attached to and spread on the lattice bars, were soon displaced into the lattice ...
Kanai H - - 2001
Estrogenicity is an important mechanism in hormonal carcinogenesis but not sufficient to explain the carcinogenic activity of all estrogens. Additional mechanisms, related to genetic alterations, in conjunction with estrogenicity mediated through the estrogen receptor, have been suggested. An environmental estrogen bisphenol-A (BP-A) and its analogs are widespread in our living ...
Sakai A - - 2001
p-Nonylphenol (NP) has attracted attention as an estrogenic contaminant, and the environmental pollution by NP has been found to be extensive. NP is classified as a phenolic antioxidant based on the chemical activity and structure. Some phenolic antioxidants are known to induce and/or enhance carcinogenesis. We examined the effects of ...
Dustin M L - - 2001
The stable immunological synapse between a T cell and antigen-presenting cell coordinates migration and activation. Three-dimensional collagen gels transform this interaction into a series of transient hit-and-run encounters. Here we integrate these alternative modes of interaction in a model for primary T cell activation and effector function in vivo.
Lamblin Frédéric - - 2001
The Arabidopsis thaliana sam1 gene encoding S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (EC 2.5.1.6) was transferred to flax (Linum usitatissimum) cells via Agrobacterium tumefaciens. This enzyme catalyses the conversion of methionine to S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), the major methyl group donor in living cells. The aim of this work was to study the consequences of an ...
Fedele M - - 2001
The high mobility group (HMG) proteins (HMGA1a, HMGA1b, and HMGA2) bind to DNA and interact with various transcriptional factors. Therefore, they play an important role in chromatin organization. HMGA protein expression is low in normal adult tissues, but abundant during embryonic development and in several experimental and human tumors. Blockage ...
Keshava N - - 2001
Occupational exposure to beryllium (Be) and Be compounds occurs in a wide range of industrial processes. A large number of workers are potentially exposed to this metal during manufacturing and processing, so there is a concern regarding the potential carcinogenic hazard of Be. Studies were performed to determine the carcinogenic ...
Coniglio S J - - 2001
Rho family members play a critical role in malignant transformation. Anchorage-independent growth and the ability to avoid apoptosis caused by loss of anchorage (anoikis) are important features of transformed cells. Here we show that constitutive activation of Rac1 inhibits anoikis in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells. Constitutively active Rac1-V12 ...
Wang Z - - 2001
Spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) were recorded with the whole-cell patch-clamp technique from 41 pyramidal cells in the layers V-VI of the prelimbic (PL) cortex. The sEPSCs occurred randomly and the averaged frequency in 41 cells was 1.81+/-0.27 Hz. The amplitude distribution was skewed toward larger events and could be ...
Bodey B - - 2001
Structural changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM) are necessary for cell migration during normal and pathologic tissue remodeling and neoplastic cell invasion. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors have been identified to be critical modulators of ECM composition and are thus, crucial in neoplastic cell progression, invasion and metastasis. ...
Gilbert J - - 2001
This basic protocol presents Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) transformation of B cells to create a permanent cell line to provide cells for genetic and DNA analysis. Virus stocks are prepared from cultures of an infected marmoset cell line in the first support protocol. Transformed cells may be analyzed immediately or frozen ...
Ruggieri R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The small GTPase Rac1 is a key signaling protein that mediates a number of important physiologic functions including the organization of the actin cytoskeleton, lipid metabolism, and gene transcription. Rac1 has also been implicated in oncogenic transformation. Expression of constitutively active Rac1 in Rat1 fibroblasts elicits serum- and anchorage-independent ...
Yoon H S - - 2001
Although hydroquinone (HQ) is a rodent carcinogen, because of its lack of mutagenicity in standard bacterial mutagenicity assays it is generally considered a nongenotoxic carcinogen. 2,3,5-Tris-(glutathion-S-yl)HQ (TGHQ) is a potent nephrotoxic metabolite of HQ that may play an important role in HQ-mediated nephrocarcinogenicity. TGHQ mediates cell injury by generating reactive ...
Barkett M - - 2001
The retroviral oncoprotein v-Rel is a transcriptional activator in the Rel/NF-kappa B family. v-Rel causes rapidly fatal lymphomas in young chickens, and transforms and immortalizes chicken lymphoid cells in vitro. Several mutations that have enhanced the oncogenicity of v-Rel have been selected during in vitro and in vivo passage of ...
Ho C K - - 2001
Using five trophoblast cell lines of different differentiation status, we have shown that trophoblasts could constitutively release the transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFbeta1), but not TGFbeta2. Treatment of the human tumorigenic, TL, and BeWo cells with a differentiating agent and a potent protein kinase C activator--the tumor-promoting agent--or the JEG-3 ...
David K M - - 2001
Manipulating the expression of a transgene in transient and stable transformed cells is a requirement for many functional analyses. We have investigated the use of the tetracycline-dependent gene expression system developed by Gatz et al. (1992) in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Bright Yellow 2 [BY2]) cells, the most widely ...
Richardson J H - - 2001
Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) was employed to identify the chromosomal integration site of the human T-cell lymphotropic virus, type 1 (HTLV-1) present in T-cell clones derived from HTLV-1-infected individuals and a virally transformed cell line, C8166-45. Proviral sequences were detected in C8166-45 but not uninfected Jurkat cells. Integration sites ...
Fang M Z - - 2001
During the multistage carcinogenesis, functions of several key genes involved in the cell cycle control and cell-cell communication can be damaged. Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) is known to transfer small, water-soluble molecules through intercellular channels composed of proteins called connexins (Cxs). Therefore, aberrant expression of Cx may be one ...
Buser C A - - 2001
Cellular transformation by Ras oncoproteins requires the posttranslation modification of farnesylation in a reaction catalyzed by farnesyl protein transferase (FPTase). Thus, inhibitors of FPTase have been developed as potential anticancer agents. However, recent studies with selective inhibitors of FPTase have shown that Ki4B-Ras retains its ability to transform cells by ...
Rubin H - - 2001
Recent analysis of genetic alterations in human cancer points to a major role for selection in neoplastic development but provides few details about the dynamics of the process. Many such details, however, have emerged from quantitative studies of spontaneous transformation among mammalian cells in culture. The chief insight of these ...
Pawlak G - - 2001
Research during the past couple of years has provided important new information as to how the actin cytoskeleton contributes to growth control in both normal and transformed cells. The cytoskeleton can no longer be viewed as simply a structural framework playing a role in cell shape and motile events such ...
Krishnamoorthy R R RR Department of Pathology and Anatomy, UNT Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd., Fort Worth, TX 76107, - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to establish a rat retinal ganglion cell line by transformation of rat retinal cells. For this investigation, retinal cells were isolated from postnatal day 1 (PN1) rats and transformed with the psi2 E1A virus. In order to isolate retinal ganglion cells (RGC), single ...
Kunik T - - 2001
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a soil phytopathogen that elicits neoplastic growths on the host plant species. In nature, however, Agrobacterium also may encounter organisms belonging to other kingdoms such as insects and animals that feed on the infected plants. Can Agrobacterium, then, also infect animal cells? Here, we report that Agrobacterium ...
Ilinskaya O - - 2001
The antiproliferative action of the guanine-specific ribonuclease secreted by Bacillus intermedius (binase) was studied in different chicken and mouse cell lines. The proliferation rate of chicken embryo fibroblasts, either normal or Rous sarcoma virus-transformed, was significantly reduced by binase treatment. Among mouse fibroblasts, v-ras-transformed NIH3T3 cells were sensitive to binase, ...
Rao K V - - 2001
Malachite green (MG), consisting of green crystals with a metallic luster, is highly soluble in water, cytotoxic to various mammalian cells, and may act as a liver tumor promoter. In view of its industrial importance and possible exposure to human beings, MG poses a potential environmental health hazard. We have ...
Russo J - - 2001
The morphological analysis of breast cancer development indicates this to be a multistep process that progressively evolves from ductal hyperplasia and atypical ductal hyperplasia, which represent the initial stages of neoplastic growth, to carcinoma in situ, invasive carcinoma, and ultimately metastasis, as has been documented for a number of other ...
Barr S M - - 2001
Levels of Puralpha, a conserved, sequence-specific single-stranded DNA and RNA binding protein, fluctuate during the cell cycle, declining at the onset of S-phase and peaking at mitosis. In early G1 Puralpha is associated with the hypophosphorylated form of the retinoblastoma protein, Rb. Microinjection of purified Puralpha into NIH3T3 cells arrests ...
Sakaguchi M - - 2001
Many lines of evidence indicate that the immortalization step is critical for the neoplastic transformation of normal human cells. Once normal human cells have been immortalized, they are relatively easily transformed into neoplastic cells. In order to understand these phenomena, patterns of protein phosphorylation in proliferating normal human fibroblast cell ...
Park J H - - 2001
Recombinant plasmids containing a complementary deoxyribonucleic acid coding mouse endostatin were transfected and stably expressed in Drosophila melanogaster Schneider 2 (S2) cells. Stably transformed polyclonal cell populations expressing recombinant endostatin were isolated after 4 wk of selection with hygromycin B. Recombinant endostatin expressed in the stably transformed S2 cells under ...
Pleban E - - 2001
In this study we compared the sensitivity of different human and murine cell lines varying in the stage of transformation to dose- and time-dependent cytostatic and/or cytotoxic effects of PSI (a selective proteasome inhibitor), measured by a standard MTT assay. It was found that intensively proliferating cell lines were more ...
Pitts J D - - 2001
Tissue autofluorescence has been explored as a potential method of noninvasive pre-neoplasia (pre-malignancy) detection in the lung. Here, we report the first studies of intrinsic cellular autofluorescence from SV40 immortalized and distinct tobacco-carcinogen-transformed (malignant) human bronchial epithelial cells. These cell lines are useful models for studies seeking to distinguish between ...
Oshiro Y - - 2001
Bemitradine is a compound that was intended for use as a diuretic antihypertensive drug. In the preclinical safety assays, it was found to be nongenotoxic in five in vitro assays (Ames, mouse lymphoma, CHO/HGPRT, CHO chromosome aberration, and UDS) and in one in vivo assay (mouse bone marrow micronucleus). In ...
Sedo A - - 2001
There is growing evidence that dipeptidyl peptidase IV [DPP-IV, EC 3.4.14.5] takes part in the metabolism of biologically active peptides participating in the regulation of growth and transformation of glial cells. However, the knowledge on the DPP-IV expression in human glial and glioma cells is still very limited. In this ...
Sakaguchi M - - 2001
It is well known that cancer develops through a multistep process. In vitro transformation studies of normal human cells have shown that the immortalization step is critical for neoplastic transformation of cells. Furthermore, studies of cell fusion between normal and immortalized cells have indicated that the normal phenotype is dominant ...
Herdener M - - 2000
Transformed fibroblasts are specifically eliminated by their nontransformed neighbors through intercellular induction of apoptosis. This process depends on the number of nontransformed effector cells and on the local density of transformed target cells. Intercellular signalling is inhibited by SOD (a scavenger of superoxide anions), taurine (a scavenger of HOCl), 4-aminobenzoyl ...
Lamorte L - - 2000
Cell transformation is associated with anchorage independent growth and morphological changes characterized by reduced adhesion and spreading. The molecular signals that control these events are poorly understood. The Met receptor tyrosine kinase is deregulated in human tumors and an oncogenic derivative of this receptor transforms cells. In this paper we ...
Cereseto A - - 2000
Jagged2 is a member of the DSL (Delta-Serrate-Lag-2) -ligand family of transmembrane proteins that signal through the Notch receptors. In many cases of human acute lymphoblastic T-cell leukemias, chromosomal translocations fuse a part of the Notch-1 gene to the T-cell receptor-beta locus (Ellison et al., 1991, Cell 66:649-661). The truncated ...
Zhao Y L - - 2000
Although exposure to asbestos fibers is associated with the development of lung cancer, the underlying mechanism(s) remains unclear. Using human papillomavirus-immortalized human bronchial epithelial (BEP2D) cells, we previously showed that UICC chrysotiles can malignantly transform these cells in a stepwise fashion before they become tumorigenic in nude mice. In the ...
Wang H B - - 2000
One of the hallmarks of oncogenic transformation is anchorage-independent growth (27). Here we demonstrate that responses to substrate rigidity play a major role in distinguishing the growth behavior of normal cells from that of transformed cells. We cultured normal or H-ras-transformed NIH 3T3 cells on flexible collagen-coated polyacrylamide substrates with ...
Dolnikov A - - 2000
Two murine myelomonocytic cells lines were used to examine p21WAF1 expression in myc-induced cell transformation. tEMmyc4 and FDLV are two v-myc-transformed immortalised myeloid cell lines exhibiting different transformed phenotypes. FDLV cells were derived from the transduction of v-myc into FDC-P1 cells and retain growth factor (IL-3) dependence, whereas tEMmyc4 cells ...
Iuliano R - - 2000
Rat thyroid differentiated cells (PC Cl 3) are an excellent model system with which to study the interaction between differentiation and cell transformation. We previously demonstrated that PC Cl 3 cells expressing the adenovirus E1A gene no longer depend on thyrotropin for growth and do not express thyroid differentiation markers. ...
Sidén-Kiamos I - - 2000
We have developed an in vitro culture system for early sporogonic stages of Plasmodium berghei, which can be used to study developmental events normally taking place in the midgut of an infected mosquito. These include penetration of insect cells by the mature ookinete, transformation into oocysts and the early development ...
Selzer E - - 2000
Erythropoietin is well known for its role in the control of erythropoiesis, where it acts by binding to its cognate receptor (EpoR) on the surface of erythroid progenitor cells. Here we present the novel finding that the EpoR is also expressed in cells of the melanocytic lineage. It is expressed ...
Cavallaro U - - 2000
Vascular TTB cells derive from murine Kaposi's sarcoma-like dermal lesions and share several phenotypic features with AIDS-associated KS spindle cells. We have recently reported that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) promotes dramatic cytoskeletal and morphological alterations in TTB cells, concomitant with the induction of an autocrine loop for hepatocyte growth factor ...
Kawabe T - - 2000
Three human RecQ DNA helicases, WRN, BLM and RTS, are involved in the genetic disorders associated with genomic instability and a high incidence of cancer. RecQL1 and RecQL5 also belong to the human RecQ helicase family, but their correlation with genetic disorders, if any, is unknown. We report here that ...
Walicka M A - - 2000
The induction of in vitro morphological transformation in C3H 10T1/2 cells by 99mTc-Cardiolite (contents of Cardiolite kit [hexakis(2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile) and other components] plus (99m)Tc generator eluate) was examined. METHODS: Cells were grown for 48 h in the presence of 99mTc-Cardiolite or decayed 99mTc-Cardiolite (99mTc-Cardiolite after 1 wk of storage), and cell ...
Fan J G - - 2000
It has been verified that asbestos induce neoplastic transformation of several rodent cell lines in vitro. Very little information is available, however, on asbestos-induced human cell line transformation and oncogene activation in the development of asbestos-induced cell transformation. This study was designed to investigate the induction of cell transformation and ...
Bocchetta M - - 2000
Mesothelioma, a malignancy associated with asbestos, has been recently linked to simian virus 40 (SV40). We found that infection of human mesothelial cells by SV40 is very different from the semipermissive infection thought to be characteristic of human cells. Mesothelial cells are uniformly infected but not lysed by SV40, a ...
Kano Y - - 2000
During attempts to transform a normal human fibroblast strain (GM730) by X-irradiation, we obtained a partially transformed cell strain (GM730pt) which demonstrates several aspects of the transformed phenotype including morphological changes, increased saturation density, growth in soft agar, and focus formation in long-term cultures. When GM730pt cells were transfected with ...
Qiu R G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Rac and Cdc42 are members of the Rho family of small GTPases. They modulate cell growth and polarity, and contribute to oncogenic transformation by Ras. The molecular mechanisms underlying these functions remain elusive, however. RESULTS: We have identified a novel effector of Rac and Cdc42, hPar-6, which is the ...
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