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Results 201 - 250 of 1195
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Geisler Iris - - 2009
Cell-penetrating peptides present an attractive and efficient tool for the delivery of a variety of cell impermeable cargoes across the cellular membrane. Cell-penetrating peptides usually consist of short basic peptide sequences that are internalized by a variety of cell lines. Most cell-penetrating peptides lack cell specificity, however, which greatly limits ...
Chen Hui - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tumor cells need large energy and nucleic acids to proliferate and grow. For most of their energy needs, cancer cells depend more on glycolysis. For most of their nucleic acids needs, cancer cells depend more on the nonoxidative pathway of the pentose phosphate pathway. Transketolase(TKT) is a crucial enzyme ...
Gabellini Nadia - - 2009
The LGI1 gene was suggested to function as tumor suppressor for its ability to reduce malignant features of glioblastoma cells. In support to this proposal were the findings that overexpression of LGI1 in neuroblastoma cells inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis. In this study we performed stable LGI1 expression in HeLa ...
Mera Hisashi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chondromodulin-1 (ChM1), an endogenous anti-angiogenic factor expressed in cartilage, has been suggested to inhibit invasion of endothelial cells into cartilage. In addition, the ectopic administration of ChM1 has been reported to suppress tumorigenesis in vivo. However, it is unclear whether the anti-tumor effect is due to not only the ...
Joseph J - - 2009
Being intracellular parasites, microsporidia can only be propagated in cell culture systems. This study evaluated three cell lines to determine the most suitable host-parasite In vitro system. Confluent monolayers of vero, SIRC, and HeLa cell lines, grown in 24-well tissue culture plates, were inoculated with varying concentrations (1 x 10(4) ...
Zhang Yuan - - 2009
Polo-like kinase-1 (PLK-1) is reported to be upregulated in a variety of human tumors and is implicated in cell proliferation and survival. However, its importance in cervical carcinoma has not yet been fully elucidated. We examined PLK-1 expression in cervical carcinoma tissues using immunohistochemical staining. Furthermore, we blocked PLK-1 expression ...
Cardoso Carla M P - - 2009
Enhanced lysosomal trafficking is associated with metastatic cancer. In an attempt to discover cancer relevant lysosomal motor proteins, we compared the lysosomal proteomes from parental MCF-7 breast cancer cells with those from highly invasive MCF-7 cells that express an active form of the ErbB2 (DeltaN-ErbB2). Mass spectrometry analysis identified kinesin ...
Abdel Wahab Siddig Ibrahim - - 2009
Zerumbone (ZER), a potential anticancer compound, isolated from the fresh rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet. In this investigation, the cytotoxic properties of ZER were evaluated, on cancer cells of human cervix (HeLa), breast and ovary, and normal cells of Chinese Hamster ovary, using MTT assay. Apoptogenic effects of ZER on HeLa ...
Mueller Judith - - 2008
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are short peptides able to penetrate cell membranes and translocate different cargoes into cells. Although recently the topic of many research articles, to our best knowledge no single systematic study of CPPs has been carried out as yet, meaning information can only by gathered piece by piece ...
Luo Aiyue - - 2008
c-FLIP inhibits caspase-8 activation and cell apoptosis mediated by death receptors. The present study aims at determining the effects of c-FLIP targeted vector-based short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on cell growth and evaluating its modulation of responsiveness to drugs and radiotherapy in cervical adenocarcinoma Hela cells. cFLIP expression of the cells ...
Oh Ha Lim - - 2009
This study was aimed to elucidate the novel structure of HY251 isolated from the roots of Aralia continentalis and to evaluate its detailed inhibition mechanisms on cell cycle progression in HeLa cells. The structure of HY251 was elucidated based on the interpretation of the NMR spectra, as 3-propyl-2-vinyl-1,2,3,3a,3b,6,7,7a,8,8a-decahydrocyclopenta[a]indene-3,3a,7a,8a-tetraol. The flow ...
Meng Yan-Qiu - - 2009
Nineteen ursolic acid derivatives (15 novel compounds) modified at the C-3 and the C-28 positions were synthesized. The cytotoxic activity of the derivatives was evaluated against HeLa, BGC-823 and SKOV3 cells by MTT assay. Inducing apoptosis and affecting cell cycle distribution by the derivatives in HeLa cells were assessed by ...
Høj Berit R - - 2009
ALG-2 (apoptosis-linked gene-2 encoded protein) has been shown to be upregulated in a variety of human tumors questioning its previously assumed pro-apoptotic function. The aim of the present study was to obtain insights into the role of ALG-2 in human cancer cells. We show that ALG-2 downregulation induces accumulation of ...
Kaji Hirokazu - - 2009
We investigated the interactions between HeLa cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by monitoring their movements in a controllable coculture system. Two complementary, detachable, cell-substrates, one of polystyrene (PS) and the other of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), were fabricated by replica molding. Coculturing was started by mechanically assembling two complementary ...
Ma Hongling - - 2008
Pinus massoniana bark extract (PMBE) contains a variety of flavonoids whose antioxidant properties have been confirmed in vitro. This study was undertaken to evaluate the cytotoxic effects and the mechanism of cell death on the PMBE-treated human cervical cancer cell line, HeLa. PMBE treatment led to cell growth inhibition in ...
Grueneberg Dorre A - - 2008
Functional differences among human cells have been difficult to identify by standard biochemical methods. Loss-of-function shRNA screens provide an unbiased method to compare protein requirements across cell lines. In previous work, we have studied kinase requirements in two settings, either among a panel of cells from numerous tissues or between ...
Bukata Lucas - - 2008
The Brucella cell envelope contains the zwitterionic phospholipids phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Synthesis of PC occurs exclusively via the PC synthase pathway, implying that the pathogen depends on the choline synthesized by the host cell to form PC. Notably, PC is necessary to sustain a chronic infection process, which ...
Ivanova Gabriela D GD Medical Research Council, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge, - - 2008
Steric blocking peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligonucleotides have been used increasingly for redirecting RNA splicing particularly in therapeutic applications such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Covalent attachment of a cell-penetrating peptide helps to improve cell delivery of PNA. We have used a HeLa pLuc705 cell splicing redirection assay to develop ...
Eriksson David - - 2008
Iodine-131 (131I) has been used both in unconjugated form and conjugated to antibody derivates (i.e., radioimmunotherapy; RIT) to treat malignant diseases. The mechanisms by which 131I-irradiation causes growth retardation are, however, inadequately understood. The aim of this study was to elucidate the sequential molecular and cellular events that initiate cell ...
Gantulga Davaakhuu - - 2008
Scaffold proteins for MAP kinase (MAPK) signalling modules play an important role in the specific and efficient signal transduction of the relevant MAPK cascades. Here, we investigated the function of the scaffolding protein c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK)-associated leucine zipper protein (JLP) by depleting it in cultured cells using a short ...
Ma Teng - - 2008
DCUN1D3 (DCN1, defective in cullin neddylation 1, domain containing 3) was found during the process of high throughput screening of novel human genes associated with serum response element (SRE) pathway activation. The DCUN1D3 gene is highly conserved among vertebrates. Human DCUN1D3 complementary DNA (cDNA) encodes 304 amino acids with an ...
Pham Phuong - - 2008
Somatic hypermutation in the variable regions of immunoglobulin genes is required to produce high affinity antibody molecules. Somatic hypermutation results by processing G.U mismatches generated when activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) deaminates C to U. Mutations at C/G sites are targeted mainly at deamination sites, whereas mutations at A/T sites entail ...
Sato Kengo - - 2008
Salusins originally identified using bioinformatics analyses have been shown to act on the cardiovascular and endocrine systems. Although the hypotensive activity of salusin-alpha is limited, it exerts a significant anti-atherosclerotic effect via suppression of foam cell formation in human monocyte-derived macrophages by down-regulating acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1. Furthermore, serum salusin-alpha levels show ...
Grimsey Neil N Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Hills Road, CB2 0XY Cambridge, United - - 2008
Lipins are the founding members of a novel family of Mg(2+)-dependent phosphatidate phosphatases (PAP1 enzymes) that play key roles in fat metabolism and lipid biosynthesis. Despite their importance, there is still little information on how their activity is regulated. Here we demonstrate that the functions of lipin 1 and 2 ...
Jankowska Anna - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test the effect of photodynamic therapy on fibroblast proliferation in vitro using protoporphyrin IX as a photosensitizer. BACKGROUND DATA: The abnormal proliferation of synovial tissue serves as a propagator of immune response and tissue damage in rheumatoid arthritis. Since the synovial fibroblasts ...
Ono Ryoko - - 2008
Cell motility is involved in physiological and pathological processes such as the invasion and migration of cells. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascades are involved in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. However, little is known about the downstream signaling of JNK. In the present study, we used small interfering ...
El-Said Waleed Ahmed - - 2009
HeLa cells directly immobilized on gold-patterned silicon substrate were used to assess the biological toxicity of anticancer drugs (hydroxyurea and cyclophosphamide). Immobilization of HeLa cells was confirmed by optical microscopy, and cell growth, viability and drug-related toxicity were examined by cyclic voltammetry and potentiometric stripping analysis. The voltammetric behaviors of ...
Breitenkamp Rebecca B - - 2008
Amphiphilic graft polymers, containing oligolysine groups pendent to a hydrophobic polycyclooctene backbone, were used to form polyplexes with plasmid DNA pZsGreen1-N1. These poly(cyclooctene- graft-pentalysine) structures were found to be effective transfection reagents for COS-1 and HeLa cells. In the case of polymer 1e (average degree of polymerization of 206), protein ...
Chen Zhong - - 2008
The interactions between Hela cells and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been studied by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) with both IrCl(6)(2-/3-) and Fe(CN)(6)(3-/4-) as the dual mediators. IrCl(6)(2-), which can be produced in situ and react with AgNPs, is used as the mediator between the AgNPs on the cells and the ...
Zhang Jianqiang - - 2008
The horse-adapted virulent Bucyrus (VB) strain of equine arteritis virus (EAV) established persistent infection in high-passage-number human cervix cells (HeLa-H cells; passages 170 to 221) but not in low-passage-number human cervix cells (HeLa-L cells; passages 95 to 115) or in several other cell lines that were evaluated. However, virus recovered ...
Rousselet Estelle - - 2008
To identify proteins involved in cellular adaptive responses to zinc, a comparative proteome analysis between a previously developed high zinc- and cadmium-resistant human epithelial cell line (high zinc-resistant HeLa cells, HZR) and the parental HeLa cells has been carried out. Differentially produced proteins included cochaperones, proteins associated with oxido-reductase activities, ...
Foerg Christina - - 2008
We investigated the metabolic stability of four cell penetrating peptides (CPPs), namely SAP, hCT(9-32)-br, [Palpha] and [Pbeta], when in contact with either subconfluent HeLa, confluent MDCK or Calu-3 epithelial cell cultures. Additionally, through analysis of their cellular translocation efficiency, we evaluated possible relations between metabolic stability and translocation efficiency. Metabolic ...
Araya Jorge E - - 2008
During Trypanosoma cruzi cell invasion, signal transduction pathways are triggered in parasite and host cells, leading to a rise in intracellular Ca2+ concentration. We posed the question whether calcineurin (CaN), in particular the functional regulatory subunit CaNB, a Ca2+-binding EF-hand protein, was expressed in T. cruzi and whether it played ...
Romero Jesús - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the potential radiosensitising properties of trabectedin (ET-743, Yondelis). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In vitro chemosensitivity was assessed in four tumour cell lines (DU145, HeLa, HT29, HOP62) by the crystal violet method. IC10s and IC50s were established for 1-h, 24-h and 7-day (continuous) exposure times. Radiosensitisation was evaluated by ...
Schalper Kurt A - - 2008
Cell surface hemichannels (HCs) composed of different connexin (Cx) types are present in diverse cells and their possible role on FGF-1-induced cellular responses remains unknown. Here, we show that FGF-1 transiently (4-14 h, maximal at 7 h) increases the membrane permeability through HCs in HeLa cells expressing Cx43 or Cx45 ...
Hirst Jennifer - - 2008
Auxilin is a cofactor for Hsc70-mediated uncoating of clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs). However, small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of the ubiquitous auxilin 2 in HeLa cells only moderately impairs clathrin-dependent trafficking. In this study, we show that HeLa cells also express auxilin 1, previously thought to be neuron specific, and that ...
Yang Dongzhi - - 2008
With excellent optical properties, quantum dots (QDs) have been made as attractive molecular probes for labelling cells in biological research. In this study high-quality CdSe QDs prepared in a paraffin-oleic acid system were used as fluorescent labels in direct and indirect detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a cancer marker expressed ...
Li Yan - - 2008
MYH9 encodes a class II nonmuscle myosin heavy chain-A (NMHC-IIA), a widely expressed 1960 amino acid polypeptide, with translated molecular weight of 220 kDa. From studies of type II myosin in invertebrates and analogy with the skeletal and smooth muscle myosin II, NMHC-IIA is considered to be involved in diverse ...
Wesierska-Gadek Józefa - - 2008
Activating mutations of Ras that frequently occur during malignant transformation, enhance growth-promoting signal transduction, allowing cells to bypass stringent control of cell cycle progression, thereby rendering them highly proliferative. Abundantly expressed c-Ha-ras protein in human cervical HeLa cells is farnesylated and attached to the plasma membrane, inducing enhanced signal transduction. ...
Kaddur Kadija - - 2008
The mechanism of permeabilization with sonoporation is not understood but the recurrent hypothesis assumes the formation of pores in the cell membrane. The aim of our study is to comfort this assumption by investigating whether ultrasound (US) and microbubbles could also facilitate outward transport of molecules across the plasma membrane ...
Mathew Rebecca - - 2008
Several protein kinases, including SRPK1 and SRPK2, have been implicated in spliceosome assembly and catalytic activation. However, little is known about their targets. Here we show that SRPK1 is predominantly associated with U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP), whereas SRPK2 associates with the U4/U6-U5 tri-snRNP. RNAi-mediated depletion in HeLa cells showed ...
Yue Qing-Xi - - 2008
Triterpenes are the main components with cytotoxicity in Ganoderma lucidum, which is used popularly as a complementary treatment for cancer therapy in traditional Chinese medicine. To investigate the possible interaction between chemotherapeutic agents and triterpenes extracted from G. lucidum, the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin (DOX) combined with Ganoderma triterpenes (GTS) or ...
Kalmárová Markéta - - 2008
Ribosomal genes are organized in clusters termed Nucleolus Organizer Regions (NORs). Essential components of the RNA polymerase I transcription machinery, including Upstream Binding Factor (UBF), can be detected on some NORs during mitosis; these NORs, termed competent, are believed to be transcriptionally active during interphase. In cultured mammalian cycling cells, ...
Hopfe, Miriam
Abstract Background In the facultative human pathogen Mycoplasma hominis , which belongs to the cell wall-less Mollicutes , the surface-localised substrate-binding domain OppA of the oligopeptide permease was characterised as the main ecto-ATPase. Results With the idea that extra-cellular ATP could only be provided by the infected host cells we ...
Li Ying Suet - - 2008
Delivering ultrasound to HeLa cells at 1MHz using a high frequency pulse regime (40kHz) and at a maximum energy density of 270Jcm(-2) resulted in significant cell membrane permeabilisation. Using FITC-dextran as a fluorogenic marker, optimally up to 64% of treated populations were permeabilised with cell viability remaining above 80%. Although ...
Petros Robby A - - 2008
A Trojan horse PRINT particle composition was developed that incorporates a reductively labile cross-linker to achieve activated release of doxorubicin in vitro. Particles of discrete size and shape (cube side length = 2 micron) containing 30 wt % of a disulfide-based cross-linker and 2 wt % doxorubicin were synthesized. This ...
Liu Xuesong - - 2008
Majority of chemotherapeutic agents inhibit tumor growth by inducing apoptosis or necrosis. The DNA alkylating agent, N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), kills cells by necrosis through massive production of DNA strand breaks and subsequent over-activation of PARP. Inhibition of PARP, either through PARP1 genetic ablation or through small molecule PARP inhibitors, protected MNNG-induced ...
Xu Wen - - 2008
Kaempferol-7-O-beta-D-glucoside (KG), a flavonoid glycoside, isolated from Smilax china L. rhizome, displayed marked anticancer activity on a panel of established cancer cells, of which, HeLa human cervix carcinoma cells were the most sensitive. Meanwhile, the cytotoxic effects of KG on normal human cells (HEK293 embryonic kidney cells and L-02 embryonic ...
Martín-Martín Ana I - - 2008
The role of the outer membrane proteins of the Omp25/Omp31 family in invasiveness and intracellular survival of virulent B. ovis in phagocytes was analyzed. The absence of Omp25d or Omp22 in B. ovis abolished its invasive capacity in HeLa cells and reduced it in J774.A1 cells. Additionally, in J774.A1 cells, ...
Chio-Srichan Sirinart - - 2008
Hypocrellin A (HA), a lipid-soluble peryloquinone derivative, isolated from natural fungus sacs of Hypocrella bambusae, has been reported to be a highly potential photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT). It has been studied increasingly because of its anticancer activities when irradiated with light. We have studied the interaction mechanisms of HA ...
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