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Flores S C - - 1993
Using a HeLa cell line stably transfected with the tat gene from human immunodeficiency virus type 1, we have found that the expression of the regulatory Tat protein suppresses the expression of cellular Mn-containing superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD). This enzyme is one of the cell's primary defenses against oxygen-derived free radicals ...
Salvetti A - - 1993
Intermediate filaments (IF) represent major components of the cytoskeletal network. These proteins which are differentially expressed according to the cell type, constitute a dynamic structure which not only contributes to the cell architecture but also defines its state of differentiation. Furthermore, numerous observations have shown that the IF network is ...
Serafini-Cessi F - - 1993
Human Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (T-H) is produced by renal cells of ascending limb of loop of Henle and is largely excreted in urine. N-linked glycans account for close to 30% of the weight of T-H. We studied the biosynthesis of recombinant T-H permanently expressed in HeLa cells. The conversion from the ...
Wheatley D N - - 1993
Although Phe is an essential amino acid in mammalian cells, its immediate precursor, beta-phenylpyruvic acid (BPP), when present in Phe-deficient medium at 10(-4) and 10(-3) M is converted at a sufficient rate to Phe to sustain growth at 60 and 100% of non-deficient control HeLa S-3 cells, respectively. In contrast, ...
Steven F S - - 1993
Hela cells originate from a clone of cervical carcinoma cells. The cytoplasm of Hela cells contains a protein which recognises and inhibits a proteolytic enzyme (guanidino-benzoatase) on the surface of Hela cells. This same protease is present on the surface of abnormal epithelial cells obtained from cervical smears, enabling a ...
Ogura H - - 1993
The contamination of HeLa cells into many culture cells has been suspected. We detected HPV type 18 DNA in two HeLa cell sublines, Hep-2 laryngeal cancer and KB oral cancer cell lines as well as FL cell line derived from normal amniotic membrane which have been extensively used so far ...
Palisano J R - - 1993
This is the first report of the elimination of confronting cisternae (CC), prominent organelles in dividing HeLa cells, upon experimental manipulation of the cells. CC are lost when a double thymidine block is employed to synchronize cell division. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that the occurrence of CC ...
Seethaler G - - 1993
Using recombinant vaccinia virus, we have expressed in mammalian cells the cDNA coding for the precursor of dermorphin, a D-alanine containing opioid peptide from the skin of the South American frog Phyllomedusa sauvagei. HeLa cells and AtT-20 cells produced prodermorphin where proline-6 of dermorphin was partly hydroxylated. This was demonstrated ...
Busse E - - 1993
Determination of tumor cell maturity and induction of cell differentiation are significant issues in oncology. We studied here in vitro the effects of cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP on human cervix carcinoma cells (HeLa cells), using normal human cervix cells as controls. Relative plasma membrane fluidity (which corresponds with the ...
Ohsaki Y - - 1993
Small cell lung cancer cell (SCLC) lines, NCI-H82, NCI-H660, and NCI-H1284, and HeLa cells were analyzed for the presence of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors. In these SCLC cell lines and HeLa cells, ANP A receptor mRNA was identified by Southern blot analyses of polymerase chain reaction products and RNase ...
Kitabatake N - - 1993
1. The cytotoxicities of the nephrotoxic mycotoxins, citrinin and ochratoxin A were assayed on HeLa, C3H/10T1/2, NIH/3T3, MDCK (canine kidney), and HeLa P3 cell lines, using the MTT colorimetric assay. 2. Citrinin was less toxic than ochratoxin A in all of the cell lines examined. 3. The MDCK cells were ...
Ash J F - - 1993
The uptake of radiolabeled glutamate into cultured human (HeLa S3) and hamster (CHO-K1) cells was analyzed according to modified Michaelis-Menten models fit by the Marquardt least-squares method. Kinetic parameters not previously reported for these cells were obtained. Some rarely used features available with this fitting method proved to be extremely ...
Chen P H - - 1993
Immunofluorescence studies revealed that adenovirus induces a reorganization of the cytokeratin system in lytically infected HeLa cells. At 24 h postinfection, the cytokeratin network began to disassemble into prominent spheroid globules. By 36 h postinfection, host cell lysis occurred, accompanied by the formation of perinuclear cytokeratin clumps and additional spheroid ...
Sevlever D - - 1993
Mannosamine (ManN) has been reported to inhibit the formation of Man alpha-1,2Man linkages and to prevent the anchoring of membrane proteins by glycoinositol phospholipids (GPIs). In this paper, the effect of ManN on the synthesis of putative GPI anchor precursors in mammalian cells was studied. Three different cell lines were ...
Zehbe I - - 1993
AIMS: To compare two commercially available pan probes for the identification of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA expression in histological sections and to type the HPV positive cases. METHODS: 97 formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded biopsy specimens from the genital tract were tested for HPV positivity with in situ hybridisation using ...
Leamon C P - - 1993
Folate-protein conjugates have been shown to bind to and enter HeLa and KB cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis [Leamon and Low (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 88, 5572-5576]. Although these cells contain a membrane folate-binding protein (FBP) involved in the uptake of free folate, no studies have been conducted to ...
Ogier G - - 1993
The growth in culture of methionine-dependent transformed cells of human, rat and mouse origin was arrested in the absence of L-methionine (Met) but took place in the presence of 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoic acid (MTOB), the keto acid of Met. From 24 hr after seeding, cells grew in 0.1 mM MTOB medium at ...
Schievella A R - - 1993
We have investigated the regulation of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) through the cell cycle of HeLa cells. PTP1B from HeLa cells arrested in mitosis migrated more slowly during sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis than did PTP1B from unsynchronized HeLa cells. To explore whether this mobility shift was caused by ...
Goldberg M B - - 1993
Shigella flexneri uses elements of the host cell cytoskeleton to move within cells and from cell to cell. IcsA, an S. flexneri protein involved in this movement, was purified and studied in vitro. IcsA bound the radiolabelled ATP analog 3'(2')-O-(4-benzoyl)benzoyl-ATP and hydrolyzed ATP. In addition, the surface localization of IcsA ...
Hasegawa T - - 1993
To analyze the inhibitory effects of isothiocyanates on the growth of human cancer cells, the effects of these compounds on the cell cycle progression of HeLa cells were studied by flow cytometry. The accumulation of cells at G2/M phase was observed at 16 h after treatment with 10 microM allyl ...
Lammel C J - - 1993
Electron microscopy was used to examine Haemophilus ducreyi adherence to and entry into eukaryotic cells of genital origin. A clinical H. ducreyi isolate (90-244) adhered in snake-like whorls to the surfaces of cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa 229), endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (HEC-1-B), and human neonatal foreskin fibroblast (HFF) cells. A prototype ...
Giannoylaki H - - 1993
HeLa cells were exposed to recombinant interferon-alpha (rIFN-alpha) in combination with bleomycin (BLM) concentrations known to exert single as well as double-strand breakages of cellular DNA. rIFN-alpha is added before or/and after cell treatment with BLM. The sensitivity of HeLa cells to BLM or/and rIFN was assessed from the number ...
Papini E - - 1993
Bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of the vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase, responsible for acidification of intracellular compartments, prevents the vacuolization of Hela cells induced by H. pylori, with an inhibitory concentration giving 50% of maximal (ID50) of 4 nM. Bafilomycin A1 is also very efficient in restoring vacuolated cells to a normal ...
Cao Y - - 1993
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) lacks a classical signal sequence for secretion via the exocytic pathway but yet has to be released from cells in order to interact with high affinity receptors on the cell surface. To study the release process, we have expressed human aFGF in HeLa cells using ...
Cinatl J - - 1992
Aphidicolin is a tetracyclic diterpene antibiotic which is known to inhibit the growth of eucaryotic cells by reversible binding to DNA polymerase alpha without significant effect on cell viability in most common human cell lines. We observed that aphidicolin at a concentration of 5 x 10(-7) M kills all cells ...
Fowler V M - - 1992
Dramatic changes in morphology and extensive reorganization of membrane-associated actin filaments take place during mitosis in cultured cells, including rounding up; appearance of numerous actin filament-containing microvilli and filopodia on the cell surface; and disassembly of intercellular and cell-substratum adhesions. We have examined the distribution and solubility of the membrane-associated ...
Caffrey P B - - 1992
We previously demonstrated that treatment of HeLa cells with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), which decreases the level of cellular glutathione, resulted in a decrease in the potency of selenite in inhibiting cell colony formation. We have now examined the effect of selenite on normal human lung fibroblast (CCL-210) cells, which resemble ...
Chan P K - - 1992
Previous studies indicated that nucleophosmin/B23, an abundant nucleolar phosphoprotein, accumulated in the nucleoplasm (B23-translocation) of cells after exposure to selected cytotoxic drugs. Attempts were made to understand the B23-translocation mechanism. This paper reports that: (1) B23-translocation is a reversible process. Upon removal of camptothecin, which induced B23-translocation in HeLa cells, ...
Diccianni M B - - 1992
Glutathione Transferase P (GST-P) gene expression is dominantly regulated by an upstream enhancer (GPEI) consisting of a dyad of palindromically oriented imperfect TPA (12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate)-responsive elements (TRE). GPEI is active in AP1-lacking F9 cells as well in AP1-containing HeLa cells. Despite GPEI's similarity to a TRE, c-jun co-transfection has only a ...
Zha X - - 1992
The effectiveness of boron neutron capture therapy is predicted to be dependent not only on the amount of boron taken up by the target cells but also on the intracellular distribution of boron. Using the isotopic imaging technique ion microscopy, we have quantitatively determined uptake and intracellular distribution of Na2B12H11SH, ...
Naniche D - - 1992
Measles virus (MV) has a very limited host range, humans being the only natural reservoir of the virus. This restriction may be due to the absence of an MV receptor on the surface of non-primate cells. We have studied the MV-binding ability of several cell lines and attempted to characterize ...
Kaszkin M - - 1992
In response to epidermal growth factor (EGF), HeLa cells and A431 cells rapidly accumulate substantial amounts of phosphatidic acid (up to 0.16 and 0.2 micrograms/10(6) cells respectively), which represents approx. 0.17% of total phospholipid. Phosphatidic acid may be a potential product of diacylglycerol kinase and/or of phospholipase D. To evaluate ...
Marchetti M - - 1992
Invasiveness of Shigella flexneri M90T in HeLa cells was significantly increased when cells were preinfected with poliovirus 1, coxsackievirus B3 and echovirus 6. This effect was dependent on the dose of virus used, evident at early stages of viral infection and lasted hours before the appearance of a cytopathic effect. ...
Kulomaa P - - 1992
We evaluated herpes-simplex-virus-type-2(HSV2)-induced unscheduled DNA synthesis in virus-infected cervical cancer (HeLa, CaSki, C-33A, and SiHa) cells. HSV2 replication was approximately 100-fold more efficient in the HeLa cells than in less susceptible C-33A and SiHa cells. In dual parameter flow cytometric analysis of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, HSV2-infected HeLa cells showed a ...
Gomes E M - - 1992
1. An immunological relationship between GPDH from HeLa cells and those from other phylogenetically different sources was carried out. 2. It was found that HeLa cell anti-GPDH antibody presented an immunological cross-reaction specificity with GPDH from HeLa cells, Caiman sp. muscle and human mammary tumor tissue and a partial one ...
Hiroi Y - - 1992
Radio-iodinated ubiquitin (Ub) was introduced into HeLa cells by red blood cell-mediated microinjection. The half-life and solubility of Ub, as well as the molecular weight distributions of Ub conjugates, were then measured in HeLa cells grown in complete medium or in medium lacking amino acids and fetal calf serum. Ub ...
Battelli M G - - 1992
Many plant proteins possessing abortifacient activities were identified as ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs). The effect of several ribosome-inactivating proteins (saporin 6, dianthin 32, pokeweed antiviral protein from seeds, gelonin, bryodin-R, and momordin) on primary cultures of human trophoblasts and human embryonal fibroblasts and on choriocarcinoma (JAR and BeWo) and ovarian carcinoma ...
Allaoui A - - 1992
Shigella flexneri causes bacillary dysentery by invading epithelial cells of the colonic mucosa. We have characterized the icsB gene which is located on the virulence plasmid pWR100. After inactivation of icsB, the mutant strain remained invasive, but formed abnormally small plaques on HeLa cell monolayers, colonized only the peripheral cells ...
Leininger E - - 1992
Pertactin and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), proteins present on the surface of the gram-negative organism Bordetella pertussis, have been shown to contain the putative cell-binding sequence arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) and to promote eukaryotic cell attachment. The attachment of epithelial cells to purified pertactin and the entry of B. pertussis into human ...
Zini N - - 1992
Monoclonal antibodies raised against two isoforms (170 and 150/180 kDa) of DNA topoisomerase II showed distinct fluorescence patterns in HeLa cells in different moments of the cell cycle (C. Negri et al., 1992, Exp. Cell Res. 200, 452-459). The ultrastructural distribution of the 150/180-kDa isoform, which in immunofluorescence showed a ...
Cacalano N A - - 1992
Cyclosporin A (CsA) is an immunosuppressive agent that inhibits the synthesis of lymphokines by T lymphocytes at the level of transcription. A cytoplasmic protein, cyclophilin, is the most thoroughly studied CsA-binding protein, but its ubiquitous presence in cells of all types raises questions about its role in immunosuppression. In an ...
Brown M - - 1992
The fastidious enteric adenovirus (FEAd) types 40 (Ad40) and 41 (Ad41) are found in stool specimens of infants and young children in association with gastroenteritis. Although they can be isolated routinely from clinical specimens by using 293 cells, they are propagated with variable success in cell lines which support the ...
Longhi C - - 1992
The recombinant plasmid pRI203 carries a Yersinia pseudotuberculosis chromosomal gene that makes E. coli K-12 HB101 strain able to synthetize an outer membrane protein, invasin, which interacts with integrin receptors of eukaryotic cells, enabling this microorganism to penetrate human cultured animal cells. In this study we evaluated the involvement of ...
Fritz G - - 1992
Cell lines that possess O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) repair activity (Mex+ phenotype) or are deficient for MGMT (Mex-) are compared at genomic level. It is shown that 1) 208F rat cells do not contain the MGMT gene, as detected by Southern blot hybridization. 2) Mex- HeLa MR and CHO-9 cells express ...
Ganju R K - - 1992
The monoclonal antibody MPM-12, raised by using partially purified extract of mitotic HeLa cells as the immunogen, preferentially stains the cytoplasm of mitotic cells by indirect immunofluorescence without exhibiting any species specificity. On immunoblots, MPM-12 recognizes three bands, of 155, 88, and 68 kDa, in mitotic HeLa cell extract but ...
Chen Y - - 1992
A hollow fiber cartridge may be used in an extraneous recycle loop to facilitate perfusion operation of a stirred tank bioreactor. Retention of cells while removing waste products and replenishment with fresh nutrients allows higher than normal cell densities obtained in batch or continuous culture systems. This system successfully propagated ...
Rossini G P - - 1992
When HeLa cells were incubated with tritiated dexamethasone mesylate at 2 degrees C, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cytosolic and nuclear extracts revealed the presence of two monomeric receptor complex forms with estimated molecular masses of about 98 and 87 kDa. If cells were subjected to crosslinking with glutaraldehyde, ...
Sakaguchi Y - - 1992
Enhancement of the cytotoxicity of mitomycin C (MMC) and carboquone (CQ) by hypoxia at elevated temperature was examined using the SDI test of mouse Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich cells and clonogenic assay of HeLa cells. When Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich cells were incubated at 43 degrees C for 2-10 h, ...
Dalziel R G - - 1992
Polyclonal antibodies were raised against the individual 85 and 70 kDa subunits of the Ku complex purified from nuclear extract prepared from the T cell line MLA144. They specifically recognise the appropriate subunits of the Ku complex from whole cell extract of HeLa cells using Western blot analysis. They are ...
Beck J L - - 1992
We examined the feasibility of performing non-radioactive in situ hybridization (ISH) in flow cytometrically sorted (tumor) cells with a chromosome #1 specific centromere probe. The study was performed in a model system of HL60 cells mixed with different quantities of HeLa cells. These latter cells were sorted directly onto poly-l-lysine ...
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