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Iwai M - - 1997
We have shown previously that ICRF-193, a catalytic inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II (topo II), delays cell cycle progression in HeLa S3 cells. We report here that the delay of the transition in M phase is observed when HeLa S3 cells were treated with ICRF-193 during metaphase, but not thereafter. ...
Holmström A - - 1997
Introduction of anti-host factors into eukaryotic cells by extracellular bacteria is a strategy evolved by several Gram-negative pathogens. In these pathogens, the transport of virulence proteins across the bacterial membranes is governed by closely related type III secretion systems. For pathogenic Yersinia, the protein transport across the eukaryotic cell membrane ...
Bouchard M J - - 1997
The identification of a monoclonal antibody, AF3, which recognizes a single isoform of the cell surface protein CD44 and preferentially blocks binding of serotype 2 poliovirus to HeLa cells, suggested that CD44 might be an accessory molecule to Pvr, the cell receptor for poliovirus, and that it could play a ...
Ohba H - - 1997
The cytoagglutinating activity of abrin-b, a toxic lectin isolated from Abrus precatorius seeds, against cultured cell strains derived from acute lymphoblast leukemia (ALL) was investigated by visible (VIS) spectroscopy. Upon addition of abrin-b, the turbidity at 600 nm of cell suspension decreased and this change could be recorded as the ...
Woloschak G E - - 1997
Using HeLa cells stably transfected with an HIV-LTR-CAT construct, we demonstrated a peak in CAT induction that occurs in viable (but not necessarily cell-division-competent) cells 24 h following exposure to some cell-killing agents. gamma rays were the only cell-killing agent which did not induce HIV transcription; this can be attributed ...
Van den Bosch L - - 1997
It is shown that Shigella flexneri maintains genetic control over the modal chain length of the O-antigen polysaccharide chains of its lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecules because such a distribution is required for virulence. The effect of altering O-antigen chain length on S. flexneri virulence was investigated by inserting a kanamycin (Km)-resistance ...
Wollman E E - - 1997
Thioredoxin (TRX) is a ubiquitous dithiol-oxidoreduction enzyme broadly expressed in cells from prokaryote to eukaryote organisms. Human thioredoxin (human TRX) gene, previously cloned in our laboratory, codes for a 12-kDa protein found in the culture supernatant of several hemopoietic human cell lines. This protein is secreted by a nonclassical pathway. ...
Kikuchi H - - 1997
Cultured HL-60, HeLa S3 and WiDr cells were treated with various doses of ethanol, then subjected to flow cytometry and gel electrophoresis of cellular DNA. On electrophoresis of DNA from HL-60 cells treated with 0.5 or 1.0 mM ethanol, a ladder pattern was recognized after 3 h. At higher doses ...
Cattani L - - 1997
Multiplication of Legionella pneumophila in HeLa cells was found to be inhibited by noncytotoxic concentrations of bafilomycin A1, with blockage of bacterial growth at a concentration 15.6 nM. The inhibiting action was evident only when the antibiotic was present during the initial phase of intracellular multiplication, i.e., during the formation ...
Yoshida N - - 1997
The 35/50 kDa mucin-like surface glycoprotein (gp35/50) of Trypanosoma cruzi metacyclic trypomastigotes has been implicated in mammalian cell invasion. In this study we investigated whether the sialyl residues of gp35/50 are required for interaction of parasites with target cells. After treatment with bacterial neuraminidase, the metacyclic forms (G strain) remained ...
Pan J - - 1997
The intracellular ultrastructural changes induced by the new antitumour agent 2-methylnaphtho[2,3-b]furan-4,9-dione (FNQ3) were investigated in human cervical cancer HeLa cells in comparison with normal cervix cells. The normal cells were isolated from cervixes surgically resected from myoma patients and were keratin positive. FNQ3 at 3-5 micrograms ml-1 selectively damaged the ...
De Rycke J - - 1997
Cytotoxic necrotizing factors (CNF) constitute a group a cell-associated proteic toxins of 110-115 kDa produced by some clinical isolates of Escherichia coli from man and animals. Purified CNFs are known to exacerbate actin polymerization in exposed cells, a property that has been ascribed to their ability to modify rho a ...
Ishida R - - 1996
To investigate the relationship between the modulation of topoisomerase II activity and its phosphorylation state during the cell cycle, a monoclonal antibody against C-terminal peptide (residues 1335-1350) of topoisomerase IIalpha containing a consensus sequence of casein kinase II, TDDE and its phosphorylated threonine were prepared. In an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ...
Funaoka K - - 1996
We investigated the sensitivity and cell-cycle inhibitory gene expression of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16- and 18-positive human cancer cell lines after DNA damage induced by treatment with the anti-cancer drug cisplatin. Four HPV-positive cell lines (Caski, SiHa, HeLa and KB) were treated with cisplatin at various concentrations. Apoptotic cell death ...
Håkansson S - - 1996
During infection of cultured epithelial cells, surface-located Yersinia pseudotuberculosis deliver Yop (Yersinia outer protein) virulence factors into the cytoplasm of the target cell. A non-polar yopB mutant strain displays a wild-type phenotype with respect to in vitro Yop regulation and secretion but fails to elicit a cytotoxic response in cultured ...
Bauknecht T - - 1996
The human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV-18) upstream regulatory region (URR) controls viral gene transcription in a cell-type-specific manner. The HPV-18 URR is active in HeLa cells but inactive in HepG2 cells. The activating activity of YY1 in HeLa cells is dependent on its functional interactions with the switch region which ...
Francis M S - - 1996
The significance of multiplicity of infection (moi) for invasiveness and intracellular multiplication of Listeria monocytogenes in Caco-2 and HeLa cell monolayers was investigated. A low moi (1:1) resulted in recovery of significantly more L. monocytogenes when these bacteria were used to infect either cell line. At high moi (100:1), the ...
Rappaport C - - 1996
We have developed a novel substratum in which gelatin is bonded to a reservoir of perfluorodecalin using a perfluoroalkylating technique. This forms a stable substratum supporting good adhesion for cells. HeLa cells cultured on this substratum continued to grow exponentially after the surface was covered with a monolayer forming a ...
Garner J A - - 1996
Many Helicobacter pylori strains produce a cytotoxin (VacA) that induces vacuolation in epithelial cells. In this study, binding and internalization of the cytotoxin by HeLa or AGS (human gastric adenocarcinoma) cells were characterized by indirect fluorescence microscopy. Cells incubated with the cytotoxin at 4 degrees C displayed a uniform fluorescent ...
Boddy M N - - 1996
Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) arises following a reciprocal translocation t(15;17) that fuses PML with retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA). The PML-RARA fusion protein targets and disrupts nuclear multiprotein complexes called PODs, ND10 or NBs, a process which is associated with a block in myeloid differentiation leading to APL. A human ...
DiNovo B B - - 1996
Pathogenesis mediated by Shigella flexneri requires invasion of the gastrointestinal epithelium. It has been previously shown that HeLa cells challenged with S. flexneri show alterations in their phosphotyrosine-containing protein profile. In this report, we demonstrated that bacterial water extracts (WE) abrogated the invasion of HeLa cells by S. flexneri in ...
Porta C - - 1996
Resistance to oxidative damage is an important feature of cancer cells. Cellular anti-radical enzymes, lipid peroxidation, glutathione pathway, capability to produce ROS, and cells' susceptibility to H2O2 and menadione toxicity, were analyzed in DND-1A and HeLa cancer cell lines. SOD and GSHPx activities were higher in DND-1A than in HeLa ...
Paweletz N - - 1996
Proteasomes catalyse the degradation of proteins responsible for the regulation of mitosis enabling the cell to complete cell division. We have studied the effect of an inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of the proteasome on the trilaminar structure of the kinetochore in HeLa cells. Whereas a role for the proteasome ...
Ghosh S - - 1996
Okadaic acid has been shown to induce premature mitosis in HeLa cells belonging to both S-phase and G2-phase. The response is dependent on concentration and perhaps also on the differential susceptibility of cells to okadaic acid (OA). OA resembles caffeine in its ability to override the DNA-replication check point but ...
Hernandez M - - 1996
A voltage-sensitive probe, tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester (TMRM) and digital imaging (confocal microscopy) were used to quantify differential membrane potential alteration in neuronal (murine neuroblastoma, N1E-115) and non-neuronal (human epithelial-like, HeLa) cells, after 1 and 24 hr of exposure to a knownin vivo neurotoxic agent, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), as a first ...
Karnauchow T M - - 1996
Enterovirus 70 (EV70) is a recently emerged human pathogen belonging to the family Picornaviridae. The ability of EV70 to infect a wide variety of nonprimate cell lines in vitro is unique among human enteroviruses. The importance of virus receptors as determinants of viral host range and tropism led us to ...
Castro J M - - 1996
Prothymosin alpha is a widely distributed acidic protein to which an immunological function that involved its secretion was initially assigned. However, recent experiments suggest that it is a nuclear protein related to cell proliferation. To study the subcellular distribution of prothymosin alpha we have used a polyclonal antibody raised against ...
Mantis N - - 1996
Shigella flexneri-infected macrophage cells undergo an apoptotic-like death as early as one hour after infection (A. Zychlinsky, M. C. Prévost, and P. J. Sansonetti, Nature [London] 358:167-168, 1992). To determine the fate of infected epithelial cells, we characterized the viability, morphology, and several metabolic activities of HeLa cells after treatment ...
Anderson S M - - 1996
A diverse group of GPI-anchored protein structures are ubiquitously expressed on the external cell membranes of eukaryotes. Whereas the physiological role for these structures is usually defined by their protein component, the precise biological significance of the glycolipid anchors remains vague. In the course of producing a HeLa cell line ...
Wójcik C - - 1996
HeLa cells were treated with different concentrations of an inhibitor of the proteasome chymotrypsin-like activity, the peptidyl aldehyde N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Ile-Glu(O-t-butyl)-Ala-leucinal (PSI). A detailed analysis, which included flow cytometry, cell counting and morphological assessment, was performed. PSI treatment induces a significant reduction of mitotic activity, accompanied by metaphase arrest of the mitotic ...
Yue Z - - 1996
Reovirus genome segment S4 codes for polypeptide sigma3, a major outer capsid component of virions and a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-binding protein implicated in viral cytopathogenesis. We have constructed a stable HeLa cell line (S4tTA) that produces functional sigma3 under tetracycline transactivator control. In the absence of tetracycline, S4tTA cells synthesized ...
Wilson A L - - 1996
We have identified the Rab1B effector-domain mutant (D44N) that, when geranylgeranylated by Rab:geranylgeranyltransferase (GGTase II) in cell-free systems or intact cells, fails to form detectable complexes with GDP-dissociation inhibitors (GDIs). GDI-Rab complexes were collected on anti-FLAG affinity beads after incubating recombinant geranylgeranylated Rab1B with FLAG epitope-tagged GDI in vitro, or ...
Arruda E - - 1996
The recovery of human rhinovirus (HRV) from nasal washings and nasal and pharyngeal swabs from volunteers with naturally acquired colds was compared in different cell types. Human embryonic lung fibroblast (HELF) strain WI-38 (sensitivity, 61 to 84%) and HeLa-I, an HRV-susceptible HeLa clone (sensitivity, 86 to 94%), were the most ...
Johansson A - - 1996
The aim of the present study was to analyze the interference of oral tissue cells or cell lines (effector cells) with growth of reference bacteria, and furthermore to investigate whether cells derived from different individuals differ in such activity. The reference bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus mitis, Actinobacillus ...
Sumner C - - 1996
Nuclear factor-1 (NF-1) is a multifunctional protein that participates in both transcription and replication. NF-1 proteins exist as a family of proteins that share some common structural and functional features but also demonstrate organ and cell type specific expression. Based upon these characteristics, the family of NF-1 proteins is divided ...
Jones A L - - 1996
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, a disease being increasingly recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality in many regions of the world. Several features of melioidosis suggest that B. pseudomallei is a facultative intracellular pathogen. This study was designed to assess the ability of B. ...
Ren Y - - 1996
Nucleolar p120 is a proliferation-associated protein, which becomes detectable early in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and peaks early in the S phase. A variety of human malignant tumor cells contain much higher levels of p120 than normal resting cells. The cellular functions of p120 are unknown, and ...
Franklin T J - - 1996
The in vivo efficacy of the antitumor, immunosuppressive antibiotic mycophenolic acid is known to be limited by its rapid conversion to the biologically inactive 7-0-glucuronide, catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyl transferase activity, which is widely distributed among normal tissues, including intestinal epithelium. We have found that mycophenolic acid is also converted to ...
Ranjan V - - 1996
The c-fos protein belongs to a family of transcriptional cofactors that can complex with proteins of the Jun family and activate mRNA transcription from gene promoters containing an activator protein 1 (AP-1) binding element. The shear stress inducibility of the c-fos protein was studied in human and animal cell lines ...
Akaboshi M - - 1996
HeLa S-3 cells were treated with 195m Pt-radiolabeled cis-diamine(glycolato)platinum(II) (254-S) under various conditions, and the relationship between the lethal effect and the numbers of Pt atoms binding to DNA, RNA, and proteins was examined. The mean lethal concentrations for the cells treated with 254-S at 37 degrees C for 0.5, ...
Matsuura T - - 1996
A cell wall component that bound to HeLa cells (HeLa cell-binding CWC) was isolated from a clinical isolate of Staphylococcus aureus. The HeLa cell-binding CWC was resistant to heat (100 C, 1 hr) and proteases, did not stain with Coomassie Brilliant Blue R-250 on SDS-PAGE but stained as a broad ...
Di Stefano A - - 1995
Until recently, the therapeutic effects of furocoumarins and furochromones plus UV-A light were thought to be due to their ability to form photoadducts with DNA in the cell nuclei; now it appears that membrane effector systems may be involved as targets. Here we show that in HeLa cells khellin at ...
Andreev J - - 1995
The ability of Mycoplasma penetrans to invade eukaryotic cells was studied using a HeLa cell line. The bactericidal antibiotic, gentamicin, in combination with low concentrations of Triton X-100, was utilized to kill mycoplasmas that had not entered the cells, allowing the quantitation of internalized organisms. The intracellular location of the ...
Damke H - - 1995
A stable HeLa cell line expressing a dynamin mutant, dynts, exhibits a temperature-sensitive defect in endocytic clathrin-coated vesicle formation. Dynts carries a point mutation, G273D, corresponding to the Drosophila shibirets1 allele. The ts-defect in receptor-mediated endocytosis shows a rapid onset (< 5 min) and is readily reversible. At the nonpermissive ...
Persson C - - 1995
YopH is translocated by cell-surface-bound bacteria through the plasma membrane to the cytosol of the HeLa cell. The transfer mechanism is contact dependent and polarizes the translocation to only occur at the contact zone between the bacterium and the target cell. More than 99% of the PTPase activity is associated ...
Allaoui A - - 1995
Entry of Shigella flexneri into epithelial cells involves secretory proteins, the Ipa proteins, and their dedicated secretion apparatus, the Mxi-Spa translocon, which is encoded by the mxi and spa operons. We have characterized the mxiG gene that is located at the proximal part of the mxi operon. Inactivation of mxiG ...
Langgut W - - 1995
The eukaryotic tRNA:guanine transglycosylase (TGT) catalyses the base-for-base exchange of guanine for queuine (the q-base)--a nutrition factor for eukaryotes--at position 34 of the anticodon of tRNAsGUN (where 'N' represents one of the four canonical tRNA nucleosides), yielding the modified tRNA nucleoside queuosine (Q). This unique tRNA modification process was investigated ...
Schaack J - - 1995
HeLa and 293 cell lines that express biologically active adenovirus type 5 precursor terminal protein (pTP) have been made. The amount of pTP synthesized in these cell lines ranges from barely detectable to greater than that observed in cells infected with the wild-type virus. The pTP-expressing cell lines permit the ...
Berlin R D - - 1995
In interphase HeLa cells, incubation with histamine or thapsigargin led to the rapid release of arachidonic acid. The release was absolutely dependent on Ca2+, consistent with the activation of an 85 kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). In metaphase-arrested HeLa cells, by contrast, the stimulation of arachidonate release by these agents ...
Matthopoulos D P - - 1995
Lithium is being used for the treatment of mental diseases and for the attenuation of muelosuppression during chemotherapy. As during long term lithium treatment kidney damage has been reported, we studied morphological alterations in cells of kidney origin after exposure to lithium chloride. Above the level of 4 mmol, lithium ...
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