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Results 601 - 650 of 1195
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Zhang C C - - 1999
Estrogen receptor (ER) toxicity has hampered the development of vertebrate cell lines stably expressing substantial levels of recombinant wild-type ER. To isolate clonal lines of HeLa cells stably expressing epitope-tagged ER, we used a construction encoding a single bicistronic mRNA, in which FLAG-epitope-tagged human ER alpha (fER) was translated from ...
Ou Y - - 1999
RNA helicase II/Gu (RH-II/Gu) is a nucleolar RNA helicase of the DEAD-box superfamily. In this study, the functional domains of RH-II/Gu molecule were mapped by fusing the protein or its deletion mutants with a green fluorescence protein and subsequently transfecting or microinjecting the recombinant constructs into HeLa cells. In addition ...
Dombek P E - - 1999
A clonal variant of serotype M1 group A streptococcus (designated M1inv+) has been linked to severe and invasive infections, including sepsis, necrotizing fasciitis and toxic shock. High frequency internalization of cultured epithelial cells by the M1inv+ strain 90-226 is dependent upon the M1 protein. Invasion of HeLa cells was blocked ...
Chen J - - 1999
Purified nucleoli of HeLa cells were treated sequentially with nonionic detergent, nucleic acid enzyme, low salt and high salt. The residual nucleolar structure termed nucleolar skeleton (nucleolar matrix) was shown as a fine network under electron microscope with DGD embedding-unembedding technique. Such structures of BHK-21 cell and mouse liver cell ...
Longhurst S J - - 1999
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) encoding the human O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (hAT) protein and a selectable marker (Neo(r)) was used to transduce human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) cells and erythroleukemic (K562) cells and clones were selected using G418 (0.4 mg/ml). Thirteen HeLa clones were isolated, 9 of which survived for 2-3 months before cell ...
Seve M - - 1999
The HIV-1 transcriptional regulatory protein Tat is a pleiotropic factor that represses expression of the human Mn-superoxide dismutase. Tat increases oxidative stress, as shown by decreased glutathione and NADPH levels. These redox changes enhance proliferation and apoptosis and alter the activity of zinc thiolate-containing proteins such as Sp1. Cells stably ...
Taylor K A - - 1999
The EspB protein of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is essential for the signaling events that lead to the accumulation of actin beneath intimately attached bacteria, a process that is known as the attaching and effacing effect. EspB is targeted to the host cell cytoplasm by a type III secretion apparatus. ...
Tanaka Y - - 1999
HeLa S-3 cells were grown in minimal essential medium supplemented with 10% calf serum and 1 mM L-glutamine without adding any rare earth elements (REEs). Exponentially growing cells were collected, and dried materials were used to analyze their REE content by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The results showed that the ...
Crawford J R - - 1998
Attachment of HeLa cells to gelatin induces the release of arachidonic acid (AA), which is essential for cell spreading. HeLa cells spreading in the presence of extracellular Ca2+ released more AA and formed more distinctive lamellipodia and filopodia than cells spreading in the absence of Ca2+. Addition of exogenous AA ...
Santoso J T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Glutamine is proposed to protect bowel from radiation. However, glutamine may decrease cancer's radiosensitivity. We evaluate glutamine's effect on the growth rate and radiosensitivity of two cervical carcinoma cell lines in vitro. METHODS: HeLa and CaSki cells were seeded at 3000 cells/well in glutamine-free medium. An increasing amount of ...
Skrzypek E - - 1998
The YopM virulence protein of Yersinia pestis has been described as binding human alpha-thrombin and inhibiting thrombin-induced platelet aggregation in vitro. However, recent studies have shown that a YopM-CyaA fusion protein could be targeted vectorially into eukaryotic cells through the Yersinia type III secretion system. In this study, our objective ...
Gromova I - - 1998
In mammalian cells, DNA topoisomerase II is the product of two distinct genes encoding the alpha and beta isoforms of the enzyme. Besides homodimeric topoisomerase IIalpha and IIbeta, we have recently shown that alpha/beta heterodimers constitute a third population of topoisomerase II in HeLa cells. We found that topoisomerase II ...
Ozeri V - - 1998
Entry of group A streptococcus (GAS) into cells has been suggested as an important trait in GAS pathogenicity. Protein F1, a fibronectin (Fn) binding protein, mediates GAS adherence to cells and the extracellular matrix, and efficient cell internalization. We demonstrate that the cellular receptors responsible for protein F1-mediated internalization of ...
Qian Y - - 1998
To establish a cause-effect relationship between the human mismatch repair pathway deficiency and the observed phenotypes, a hMSH2 deficient HeLa cell line (HeLa-MSH2-) was established by transfecting the HeLa cells with an antisense RNA expression plasmid. The expression plasmid was constructed by inserting an 851 bp fragment of hMSH2 cDNA ...
Beaman B L - - 1998
The interactions of Nocardia asteroides GUH-2 with pulmonary epithelial cells of C57BL/6 mice and with HeLa cells were studied. Electron microscopy demonstrated that only the tips of log-phase cells penetrated pulmonary epithelial cells following intranasal administration, and nocardiae were recovered from the brain. Coccobacillary cells neither invaded nor disseminated. Serum ...
Garduño R A - - 1998
HeLa cells have been previously used to demonstrate that virulent strains of Legionella pneumophila (but not salt-tolerant avirulent strains) efficiently invade nonphagocytic cells. Hsp60, a member of the GroEL family of chaperonins, is displayed on the surface of virulent L. pneumophila (R. A. Garduño et al., J. Bacteriol. 180:505-513, 1988). ...
Borovsky Z - - 1998
The AIDS-associated Mycoplasma penetrans is capable of inducing its own uptake by non-phagocytic cells. This study investigated the invasion of HeLa cells and its consequences by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Invasion was dependent on the duration of infection and temperature, diminished by inhibiting microfilament assembly with cytochalasin D and almost ...
Juranić Z - - 1998
8-Chloroadenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (8-Cl-cAMP) is a potential new anticancer agent, but its mechanism of action is not clearly defined. In this work we have studied the effect of various heat inactivated and heat untreated human sera in the absence or in the presence of a nonspecific phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, IBMX, or ...
Djordjevic B - - 1998
We have measured survival after successive 2-Gy doses of X rays in HeLa cells and 1-Gy doses in cells of the nonimmortalized human fibroblast cell line AG15-22 under conditions where any effect of cell proliferation during multifraction X irradiation has been factored out. When HeLa cells in parallel series of ...
Graeber S H - - 1998
Gap-junctional coupling of tumor cells facilitates their invasion into normal tissue as was further investigated with connexin-transfected HeLa cells by an in vitro assay. Wild-type HeLa cells are coupling deficient and did not show invasive properties when multicell spheroids were confronted with precultured embryonic chicken heart fragments. After transfection with ...
Sentjurc M - - 1998
The electron paramagnetic resonance method (EPR) was used to study the effects of vinblastine (VLB) on cell membrane fluidity in wild-type HeLa cells (HeLa K) and its subclone, which is resistant to several drugs (HeLa CA). HeLa CA cells, obtained by treatment of HeLa K with CDDP, were found to ...
Suzuki T - - 1998
Studies on human cell hybrids of a cervical carcinoma cell line, HeLa, and normal fibroblasts have indicated that the tumorigenicity of these cells is under the control of a putative tumor suppressor on chromosome 11, although the nature of this suppressor remains unknown. We examined the expression of caveolin-1, a ...
Song J - - 1998
To study the function of the endogenous ARF6 GTP binding protein in cells, we generated an antibody which specifically recognizes ARF6, and not the other ARF proteins. Using this antibody, ARF6 was detected in all mouse organs tested and in a variety of cultured cell lines including RBL, MDCK, NRK, ...
Seto K - - 1998
The bacterial toxin VacA produced by H. pylori induces large vacuoles in several types of cultured cells such as HeLa cells or gastric cells. To determine the mechanism of vacuolation induced by this toxin we employed several inhibitors of membrane trafficking and endocytosis. The development of vacuolation induced by VacA ...
Tarasova N I - - 1998
A chimeric protein consisting of CXC-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and the green fluorescent protein (GFP) was used for studying receptor localization and trafficking in real time in stably transduced HeLa, U-937, CEM, and NIH/3T3 cells. CXCR4-GFP was fully active as a co-receptor in mediating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry. Both ...
Konopka K - - 1998
Cationic liposome-mediated intracellular delivery of a fluorescein-labeled chimeric DNA-RNA ribozyme targeted to the HIV-1 5' LTR was investigated, using THP-1, THP-1/HIV-1IIIB or HeLa/LAV cells. Different fluorescence patterns were observed when the cells were exposed to Lipofectamine, Lipofectin or DMRIE:DOPE (1:1) complexed to the ribozyme. With Lipofectamine intense cell-associated fluorescence was ...
Zhang M - - 1998
Previous results showed that the synthetic compound amidinopiperidine-4-carboxylic acid 4-tert-butylphenyl ester (APCA-OPhBut), a trypsin inhibitor, could specifically inhibit the activity of proteinase In and lead to growth arrest of Hela cells in early S phase. In this study, APCA-OPhBut exhibited inhibitory effects on the growth of HL-60 cells. Apoptotic cells ...
Venkatesh S - - 1998
Recent studies in our laboratory have shown that chitosan, a polycationic polymer of glucosamine, can facilitate the transfection of HeLa cells with a plasmid that codes for beta-galactosidase. Although chitosan can bind to DNA and other polyanions, the kinetics of complexation might differ depending on the polyanion tested. This evidence ...
Melo R F - - 1998
The occurrence of a Crabtree effect in HeLa cells was detected. Some properties of pyruvate kinase (PK) were also evaluated. Hexose phosphate, triose-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) significantly decreased the oxygen consumption of digitonin-permeabilized HeLa cells, which were oxidizing succinate. The Crabtree effect promoted by PEP was concentration-dependent and was lowered ...
Kehlenbach R H - - 1998
We have developed a permeabilized cell assay to study the nuclear export of the shuttling transcription factor NFAT, which contains a leucine-rich export signal. The assay uses HeLa cells that are stably transfected with NFAT fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP). Nuclear export of GFP-NFAT in digitonin-permeabilized cells occurs ...
Nagata K - - 1998
Template-activating factors I (TAF-I) alpha and beta have been identified as chromatin remodeling factors from human HeLa cells. TAF-I beta corresponds to the protein encoded by the set gene, which was found in an acute undifferentiated leukemia as a fusion version with the can gene via chromosomal translocation. To determine ...
Garduño R A - - 1998
HeLa cells were established as a model system to study the invasiveness and biology of Legionella pneumophila. In this model, invasion could be distinguished from adherence; virulent strains of L. pneumophila were adherent and invasive, whereas nonvirulent strains were adherent but poorly invasive. Invasion was rapid and did not require ...
Singh D - - 1998
Loligomers are multitasking, peptide-based shuttles that are able to penetrate cells and self-localize into distinct cellular compartments. In particular, loligomer 4 incorporates internalization and nuclear import sequences as well as reporter groups. The intracellular routing of loligomer 4 was analyzed by microscopy and flow cytometry, to define and demonstrate localization ...
Zocchi E - - 1998
CD38 is a bifunctional ectoenzyme, predominantly expressed on hematopoietic cells during differentiation, that catalyzes the synthesis (cyclase) and the degradation (hydrolase) of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a powerful calcium mobilizer from intracellular stores. Due to the well established role of calcium levels in the regulation of apoptosis, proliferation, and differentiation, the ...
Morré D J - - 1998
In previous reports, our laboratory has described a drug-responsive NADH oxidase activity of the external surface of the plasma membrane of HeLa and other cancer cells, but not from normal cells, that was shed into media conditioned by the growth of cancer cells such as HeLa and also into sera ...
Juranić Z - - 1998
The antiproliferative effect of T-2 toxin (T-2) towards mouse melanoma B16 cells, human myelogenous leukemia K562 cells, and human cervix carcinoma, HeLa cells, was studied. For the first four days of T-2 presence B16 cell survival was decreased in dose dependent fashion. However, cell survival after eleven days T-2 action ...
Bauknecht T - - 1998
The human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV-18) upstream regulatory region (URR) controls cell type-specific expression of viral oncoproteins E6 and E7. The HPV-18 URR is highly active in HeLa cells, but its activity is virtually undetectable in HepG2 cells. Previous work has shown that YY1 plays an important role in activation ...
Miller J L - - 1998
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-proteins) expressed on the outer leaflet of cell membranes are involved in diverse physiologic as well as pathologic processes in humans. Previously, we demonstrated the intercellular transfer of overexpressed CD4-GPI in vitro from transduced HeLa cells to their parental cell line. In this report we present further information ...
Ishii T - - 1998
Four mutants of the virulent Mahoney strain of poliovirus were generated by introducing mutations in nucleotides (nt) 128 to 134 of the genome, a region that contains a part of the stem-loop II (SLII) structure located within the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES; nt 120 to 590) (K. Shiroki, T. ...
Panzer A - - 1998
Melatonin was previously shown to inhibit proliferation of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. In this study the effect of melatonin on MCF-7 cells was further examined, while human cervical carcinoma (HeLa), osteosarcoma (MG-63) and lymphoblastoid (TK6) cells were tested for the first time. Haemocytometer counts, DNA content, flow cytometry and ...
Takahashi T - - 1998
(E)-2'-Deoxy-2'-(fluoromethylene)cytidine, MDL 101,731, has shown potent antitumor activity against various human xenograft models. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of the antitumor activity of MDL 101,731 against human carcinoma cells through investigating metabolism and the target enzyme of MDL 101,731. METHODS: In respect of the ...
Geromichalos G D - - 1998
The in vitro cytotoxic effects of some recently synthesized copper (II) complexes were investigated in combination with two clinically important anticancer agents, cisplatin (CDDP) and epirubicin (EPR), on three human breast cancer cell lines (BT20, MCF7 and T47D), a human cervical carcinoma cell line (HeLa) and two non-tumour cell lines ...
Tanaka K - - 1998
Measles virus (MV) is efficiently isolated from patients with measles by using B95a cells, a marmoset B cell line. Recent wild-type MV strains isolated using B95a cells did not produce cytopathic effects in any of CD46+ primate cell lines examined (except B95a cells), nor did they induce downregulation of CD46. ...
Rollan A - - 1998
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), in which tissues may be rendered fatally light-sensitive represents a relatively novel treatment for cancer and other disorders such as cardiovascular disease. It offers significant application to disease control in an isolated environment such as space flight. In studying PDT in the laboratory, low energy lasers such ...
Morizono K - - 1998
In order to clarify the transmission process of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) through the epithelial cell barrier, HeLa cells susceptible and non-susceptible to HIV-1 were cloned and designated as P6 HeLa and N7 HeLa cells, respectively. P6 HeLa cells could be infected with the LAI strain of HIV-1 ...
Razeghifard M R - - 1997
Decay of Signal IIvf of photosystem II (PSII), under repetitive flash conditions, was examined in whole cells of wild-type Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 and in cells of an engineered strain, delta psbO, which lacks the extrinsic 33 kDa manganese-stabilizing protein (MSP). Previous polarographic analysis had shown that O2 release during the ...
van den Akker W M - - 1997
The interaction between the respiratory pathogen Bordetella bronchiseptica and epithelial cells was studied. After 2-3 h, B. bronchiseptica strains exerted a strong cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells which was evident by rounding of the cells and detachment from the substrate and which ultimately resulted in total disintegration of the host ...
Karayan L - - 1997
Discrete domains involved in structural and functional properties of adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) penton base were investigated with site-directed mutagenesis of the recombinant protein expressed in baculovirus-infected cells. Seventeen substitution mutants were generated and phenotyped for various functions in insect and human cells as follows. (i) Pentamerization of the penton ...
Mu Z M - - 1997
Our previous studies demonstrated that PML is a growth suppressor that suppresses oncogenic transformation of NIH/3T3 cells and rat embryo fibroblasts. PML is a nuclear matrix-associated phosphoprotein whose expression is regulated during the cell cycle. Disruption of PML function by t(15;17) in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) plays a critical role ...
Tao L - - 1997
A modification of the extrusion method for the isolation of nascent DNA from mammalian cells and a PCR-based assay has been used in order to compare the in vivo activities of DNA replication origins in different cell lines. Conventional PCR was firstly applied to detect the chromosomal activities of several ...
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