Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1194
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Ivanova T V - - 2001
The effects of nocodazole (an agent causing degradation of microtubules in vitro) on the content of transcription factors NF-kappaB and AP-1/c-fos in the nuclei of cultured cells CHO-K1 and HeLa, as well as on the activity of these factors in the nuclei of T-cell hybridoma 2B4 were studied. Immunoblotting, immunofluorescence, ...
Wang S Y - - 2001
The biological effect of genistein on cervical cancer was studied on two cervical cancer cell lines with different cellular characteristics. Here we report that genistein exhibits inhibitory effects on the growth of HeLa and ME-180 cells. The IC50 was 35 microM and 60 microM for HeLa and ME-180 cells, respectively. ...
Kogure K - - 2000
We examined the effects of pretreatment of monkey kidney normal cells (CV-1) and human cervical tumor cells (HeLa) with membrane fusible erythrocyte ghosts (MFEG) encapsulating superoxide dismutase (SOD-MFEG) on adriamycin (ADM) cytotoxicity. The decrease in CV-1 cells with ADM was inhibited markedly, and the initiation of decrease in HeLa cells ...
Drago L - - 2000
The preliminary results of a study to show the possibility that Candida albicans can internalize into epithelial cells are reported. The study was performed on buccal, vaginal and HeLa cells. Buccal and vaginal cells, at a concentration of 5 x 10(4) cells/ml and HeLa monolayers were incubated for 2, 3 ...
Hornef M W - - 2000
The ExoS regulon of Pseudomonas aeruginosa encodes diverse type III secreted effector proteins which have been shown to exert cytotoxic effects in cell culture experiments. However, little information exists about the environmental conditions and stimuli for upregulation of the ExoS regulon. Translational reporter fusion proteins of exoenzyme (Exo) S, ExoT ...
Carson S D - - 2000
Trypsin treatment of HeLa cells results in a limited proteolysis of the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) after which the cleaved CAR remains cell-associated and tryptic peptides remain associated through disulfide bonds. Trypsin-treated HeLa cells remain susceptible to infection with coxsackievirus B and produce progeny virus at 8 h post-infection ...
López-Ocejo O - - 2000
We have previously reported that IFNalpha-chronic treatment for 41 days induced a partial phenotype reversion on HeLa cells along with a down-regulation of HPV18 mRNA levels. However, tumorigenicity of these cells in nude mice was unchanged. Interestingly, after 1 year of IFNalpha-chronic exposition, HeLa cells failed to induce s.c. tumors ...
Balatsos N A - - 2000
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), a drug with numerous mechanisms of action which has a long-term suppressive effect on human cancer cell proliferation, mediates both partial dephosphorylation and inactivation of poly(A) polymerase (PAP) [EC. 2.7.7.19] as detected by immunoblotting analysis and non-specific enzyme assay, respectively, in human carcinoma HeLa and diploid WISH cells ...
Loo Y M - - 2000
Replication Protein A (RPA), the replicative single-strand DNA binding protein from eukaryotic cells, is a stable heterotrimeric complex consisting of three polypeptides. Cytological studies have investigated the subcellular distribution and association characteristics of the three RPA subunits during different stages of the cell cycle with varying results. In this study, ...
Black D S - - 2000
A variety of pathogenic bacteria use type III secretion pathways to translocate virulence proteins into host eukaryotic cells. YopE is an important virulence factor that is translocated into mammalian cells via a plasmid-encoded type III system in Yersinia spp. YopE action in mammalian cells promotes the disruption of actin filaments, ...
Al-Awar O - - 2000
The ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6) GTPase has a dual function in cells, regulating membrane traffic and organizing cortical actin. ARF6 activation is required for recycling of the endosomal membrane back to the plasma membrane (PM) and also for ruffling at the PM induced by Rac. Additionally, ARF6 at the PM ...
Mizuki E - - 2000
An unusual property, human leukemic cell-recognizing activity, associated with parasporal inclusions of a noninsecticidal Bacillus thuringiensis soil isolate was investigated, and a protein (named parasporin in this study) responsible for the activity was cloned. The parasporin, encoded by a gene 2,169 bp long, was a polypeptide of 723 amino acid ...
Cheng L W - - 2000
Pathogenic Yersinia species employ type III machines to target effector Yops into the cytosol of eukaryotic cells. Yersinia tyeA mutants are thought to be defective in the targeting of YopE and YopH without affecting the injection of YopM, YopN, YopO, YopP, and YopT into the cytosol of eukaryotic cells. One ...
Tanahashi N - - 2000
Eukaryotic cells contain various types of proteasomes. Core 20 S proteasomes (abbreviated 20 S below) have two binding sites for the regulatory particles, PA700 and PA28. PA700-20 S-PA700 complexes are known as 26 S proteasomes and are ATP-dependent machines that degrade cell proteins. PA28 is found both in previously described ...
Hino M - - 2000
One of the monoclonal antibodies raised against mitotic HeLa cells (termed as mH3) recognized a 27-kDa protein and stained microtubules in the mitotic spindles of HeLa cells. Immunoscreening of a HeLa cDNA library revealed that mH3 antigen is a small heat shock protein, HSP27. Immunoprecipitation analysis using mH3 suggested that ...
Berson J F - - 2000
Oculocutaneous albinism type 1TS is caused by mutations that render the melanocyte-specific enzyme tyrosinase temperature-sensitive (ts); the enzyme is inactive in cells grown at 37 degrees C but displays full activity in cells grown at 31 degrees C. To distinguish whether the ts phenotype of the common R402Q variant of ...
Bassinet L - - 2000
Bordetella pertussis, the agent of whooping cough, can invade and survive in several types of eukaryotic cell, including CHO, HeLa 229, and HEp-2 cells and macrophages. In this study, we analyzed bacterial invasiveness in nonrespiratory human HeLa epithelial cells and human HTE and HAE0 tracheal epithelial cells. Invasion assays and ...
Gan Y H - - 2000
AIM: To study the morphological changes and molecular mechanism of HeLa cell apoptosis induced by ricin. METHODS: HeLa cells were coincubated with ricin 0.05 mumol.L-1 for 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 h, then scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Western blot cell cycle, cell cytotoxicity, ...
Eldstrom J R - - 2000
We have investigated the ability of LIPOFECTAMINE, a polycationic lipid reagent used in DNA transfection, to translocate E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into HeLa cells. Although HeLa cells did not spontaneously take up fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled LPS (FITC-LPS) from the culture medium, the cells that were co-incubated with greater than 1 g/mL ...
Roknić S - - 2000
DNA intercalating agents interfere with DNA's role as a template in replication and transcription by inserting an intercalator molecule between adjacent base pairs. We synthesized three potential novel intercalators, 4,9-diazapyrenium hydrogensulfate derivatives: 5, 10-diphenyl-4,9-dimethyl-4,9-diazapyrenium hydrogensulfate (FDAP), 4, 9-dimethyl-4,9-diazapyrenium hydrogensulfate (GDAP) and 2,4,7, 9-tetramethyl-4,9-diazapyrenium hydrogensulfate (MDAP) and tested their biological effects ...
Barco A - - 2000
A HeLa cell clone (2A7d) that inducibly expresses the gene for poliovirus protease 2A (2A(pro)) under the control of tetracycline has been obtained. Synthesis of 2A(pro) induces severe morphological changes in 2A7d cells. One day after tetracycline removal, cells round up and a few hours later die. Poliovirus 2A(pro) cleaves ...
Geisen C - - 2000
Transcription of the retinoic receptor beta (RARbeta) gene is activated in a ligand-dependent manner by the retinoic acid receptor alpha. Reduced RARbeta gene expression and loss of ligand inducibility are frequently observed in human carcinoma cells indicating that such alterations might contribute to carcinogenesis. In this study we have analyzed ...
Yazaki K - - 2000
Shapes of polysomes of eukaryotic cells were determined by surface spreading of cells. We examined unicellular protozoan Tetrahymena cells, rabbit reticulocytes, and cultured MDCK, BHK and HeLa cells. Polysomes had ring-, 8- and caterpillar-shaped forms, indicating that eukaryotic cells contain fundamentally circular polysomes. Isolated and partially purified polysomes from Tetrahymena ...
Sterzl I - - 1999
The effect of dexamethasone and of three potential antiglucocorticoids, namely dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its 7alpha-and 7beta-hydroxylated metabolites, on primary immune response has been studied by measuring the number of plaque forming cells (NPFC) and their viability in a cell culture of murine spleenocytes. As expected, dexamethasone suppressed considerably the NPFC ...
Jagetia G C - - 1999
The HeLa cells were treated with 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 microM acyclovir (ACV) for 8 h duration and the growth kinetics, cell survival and micronuclei induction were determined. Treatment of HeLa cells with various concentrations of ACV resulted in a concentration-dependent decline in growth kinetics, cell proliferation ...
Minagawa Y - - 1999
Since HeLa cells possess very little functional p53 activity, they could be originally resistant to genotoxic stress-induced apoptosis. Therefore, it is likely that the drug-resistant cells derived from HeLa cells are more resistant to apoptosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether cisplatin-resistant cells derived from HeLa cells ...
Haqqani A S - - 1999
Measurement of thymidylate synthase (hTS) using immunohistochemical techniques has been reported in several clinical studies. However, its value as a prognostic indicator is still not clear. To pursue this, we have developed a new rabbit polyclonal antibody, hTS7.4. The antigen was recombinant hTS containing an N-terminal His(6)-tag. Antiserum hTS7.4 detected ...
Stewart S R - - 1999
Five revertants of a linker-scanning mutation adjacent to the stem-loop V attenuation determinant (X472) in the 5' noncoding region of poliovirus RNA were independently isolated from neuroblastoma cells and contained RNAs with seven nucleotide changes in the pyrimidine-rich region. Generation of the identical rare second-site mutations suggests the existence of ...
Ozono K - - 1999
We have recently reported that 23(S)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (TEI-9647) efficiently blocks the differentiation of HL-60 cells induced by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) (Miura, D., Manabe, K., Ozono, K., Saito, M., Gao, Q., Norman, A. W., and Ishizuka, S. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 16392-16399). To clarify the molecular mechanisms of this antagonism, ...
Samuelsson M K - - 1999
Glucocorticoids exert antiproliferative effects on a number of cell types, including the HeLa cervical carcinoma cell line. However, the mechanism responsible for the antiproliferative effect is poorly understood. In this report we have investigated the role of the recently identified cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDI) p57Kip2 in the antiproliferative effect conferred ...
Takahashi S - - 1999
To elucidate the regulation of the human heme oxygenase-1 (hHO-1) gene expression, we assessed approximately 4 kb of the 5'-flanking region of the hHO-1 gene for basal promoter activity and sequenced approximately 2 kb of the 5'-flanking region. A series of deletion mutants of the 5'-flanking region linked to the ...
MacCallum D E - - 1999
Although widely used as an operational marker of proliferation, the cell cycle-regulated Ki67 protein is of unknown function. pKi67 is found predominantly in the nucleolus in cycling interphase cells and moves to become perichromosomal during mitosis. We have performed a detailed immunochemical analysis of pKi67 in HeLa cells and report ...
Cohen-Jonathan E - - 1999
In this paper, we describe the effect of the inhibitor of farnesyltransferase (FTI-277) on radioresistance induced by the 24-kDa isoform of FGF2 in human cells expressing wild-type RAS. Treatment with FTI-277 (20 microM) for 48 h prior to irradiation led to a significant decrease in survival of radioresistant cells expressing ...
Reyrat J M - - 1999
VacA, the major exotoxin produced by Helicobacter pylori, is composed of identical 87 kDa monomers that assemble into flower-shaped oligomers. The monomers can be proteolytically cleaved into two moieties, one of 37 and the other of 58 kDa, named P37 and P58 respectively. The most studied property of VacA is ...
Liu H T - - 1999
By using the cross-linking reagent, DSP, efforts were made to identify the protein(s) that interact with nucleophosmin/B23. A cross-linked protein complex at molecular weight of about 140 kDa was recognized by both nucleophosmin/B23 and protein C23 MAbs. Both C23 and nucleophosmin/B23 could be detected from the cross-linked complex immunoprecipitated by ...
Hong S S - - 1999
An Ad2 capsid component, the penton base, expressed as recombinant protein, was found to be capable of affecting the entire entry pathway of adenovirion in HeLa cells, i.e., cell attachment, endocytosis, vesicular escape, intracytoplasmic movement, and translocation through the nuclear pore complex. Data with pentamerization-defective mutants suggested that none of ...
Juranić Z - - 1999
The antiproliferative action of two synthetic compounds, isatine-b-thiocarbohydrazone (IsTCH) and N-ethyl isatine-beta-thiocarbohydrazone (N-Et-IsTCH), towards healthy human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and two neoplastic cell lines in vitro, was investigated. IsTCH and N-Et-IsTCH were dissolved in DMSO and then diluted with nutrient medium to desired final concentration. Target cells were ...
Tosetti F - - 1999
The uptake and release of (125)I-RBP and of holoRBP labeled with [(3)H]retinol ((3)H-ROH) were studied in two cell lines which synthesize and secrete RBP, the HepG2 hepatocarcinoma cell line and the Caki-1 kidney adenocarcinoma cell line, and in HeLa cells that do not express the endogenous RBP gene. In all ...
Okubo M A - - 1999
Hybridoma cell lines were prepared from spleen cells of mouse immunized with mitotic HeLa cells. A monoclonal antibody (mH1), which intensively reacted with cleavage furrows of dividing HeLa cells in immunofluorescence, was obtained. In interphase, this antibody diffusely stained whole HeLa cells. Immunoelectron microscopy showed that mH1 antigens were localized ...
Rosi A - - 1999
Changes in signal intensity of (1)H-MRS mobile lipids, mostly triglycerides, have been observed in cultured HeLa cells during exponential growth. Signals were intense in the first days after seeding and almost disappeared after a few days in culture. Choline-based metabolites were not affected by growth. Treatment with the antitumor drug ...
Minc E - - 1999
Mammalian heterochromatin proteins 1 (HP1alpha, HP1beta, and HP1gamma) are nonhistone proteins that interact in vitro with a set of proteins that play a role in chromatin silencing, transcription, and chromatin remodeling. Using antibodies specific for each HP1 isoform, we showed that they segregate in distinct nuclear domains of human HeLa ...
Schmajuk G - - 1999
A novel, positive read-out assay that quantifies only sequence-specific nuclear activity of antisense oligonucleotides was used to evaluate morpholino and 2'-O-methyl sugar-phosphate oligonucleotides. The assay is based on modification of the splicing pathway of human beta-globin pre-mRNA. In addition, scrape-loading of cells with oligonucleotides allows the separate assessment of intracellular ...
Wu F Y - - 1999
To compare the oncosuppressive activity of integrated and episomal adeno-associated virus (AAV), two Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) derived episomal form vectors, p205 and p220, were used to generate plasmids containing episomal AAV. HeLa cells transfected with p205, p220, and the plasmids with forward (pA205-1, pA220-1) and reverse (pA205-1, pA220-2) orientation of ...
Lee S - - 1999
To investigate receptor-mediated Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMuLV) entry, the green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged ecotropic receptor designated murine cationic amino acid transporter (MCAT-1) (MCAT-1-GFP) was constructed and expressed in 293 cells (293/MCAT-1-GFP). 293/MCAT-1-GFP cells displayed green fluorescence primarily at the cell membrane and supported wild-type levels of MoMuLV vector binding ...
Yao X L - - 1999
The effect of the glucocorticosteroid, dexamethasone, on arachidonic acid (AA) release and on protein levels of p11 and cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) was studied in two epithelial cell lines, HeLa cells and BEAS-2B cells. Dexamethasone treatment of HeLa cells and BEAS-2B cells increased cellular p11 protein and mRNA levels in ...
Wood D J - - 1999
Culture of polioviruses from clinical samples is the gold-standard method for virological surveillance in the world-wide initiative to eradicate wild-type polioviruses. Two poliovirus-sensitive cell lines of human origin were used originally by the laboratories of the World Health Organisation (WHO) global poliovirus network. However, the cell lines used, Hep2 and ...
Gallegos E R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: delta-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is recognized as the starter in the biosynthesis of the heme group, the structural basis of cytochromes, chlorophylls, biliary pigments, and other porphyrins. It is the first intermediary in the biosynthesis of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), and of the heme group. PpIX is present in low concentration ...
Sun J - - 1999
AIM: To study the apoptotic effect of sulfur mustard (SM) on Hela cells. METHODS: Exponentially growing Hela cells were treated with SM at various concentrations for 3 h, then apoptosis was examined by electron-microscope, DNA gel electrophoresis, and flow cytometry. RESULTS: SM 1 mumol.L-1 arrested cell growth. After treatment with ...
Jørgensen L - - 1999
20 S Proteasomes are large proteinase complexes found in eukaryotic cells where they degrade cell proteins in an ATP-dependent manner. Proteasomes consist of 14 different subunits. One of them, zeta, was found in HeLa cells at a concentration of 890 microg per g of cell protein. A large proportion of ...
Zhang C C - - 1999
Estrogen receptor (ER) toxicity has hampered the development of vertebrate cell lines stably expressing substantial levels of recombinant wild-type ER. To isolate clonal lines of HeLa cells stably expressing epitope-tagged ER, we used a construction encoding a single bicistronic mRNA, in which FLAG-epitope-tagged human ER alpha (fER) was translated from ...
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