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Results 451 - 500 of 1195
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Janzen Deanna M - - 2004
Two competing events, termination and readthrough (or nonsense suppression), can occur when a stop codon reaches the A-site of a translating ribosome. Translation termination results in hydrolysis of the final peptidyl-tRNA bond and release of the completed nascent polypeptide. Alternatively, readthrough, in which the stop codon is erroneously decoded by ...
Sudakin Valery - - 2004
The mitotic checkpoint prevents cells with unaligned chromosomes from prematurely exiting mitosis by inhibiting the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) from targeting key proteins for ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. Great efforts have been made recently to identify and characterize the factors involved in this checkpoint pathway. These studies will ultimately lead to a better ...
Kang Hyun Tae - - 2004
Inhibition of human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 and E7 transcription by means of the E2 protein of bovine papillomavirus 1 (BPV1) has been shown to induce acute growth arrest in HPV-positive cervical carcinoma cells. This state of arrest is marked by the expression of senescence phenotypes including SA beta-Gal activity and ...
Wang X H - - 2004
Studies were conducted to characterize a HeLa cell model by which the roles of the 85-kDa phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) in interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) release could be evaluated. At first, untreated HeLa cells were compared with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated HeLa cells. The latter resulted in cPLA2 overexpression and ...
Efimova Elena - - 2003
The IG20 gene encodes at least four splice variants, including DENN-SV and IG20. DENN-SV is constitutively expressed at higher levels in tumor tissues. Cells transfected with the DENN-SV cDNA show increased resistance to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), etoposide, and vinblastine treatment, whereas overexpression of IG20 ...
Nekhotiaeva Natalia - - 2004
Antimicrobial drug action is limited by both microbial and host cell membranes. Microbes stringently exclude the entry of most drugs, and mammalian membranes limit drug distribution and access to intracellular pathogens. Recently, cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have been developed as carriers to improve mammalian cell uptake. Given that CPPs are cationic ...
Wójcik Cezary - - 2004
We have used RNA interference (RNAi) to examine the functional relationship between valosin-containing protein (VCP/p97/Cdc48p/TER94) ATPase and the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) in Drosophila S2 and human HeLa cells. In both cell types, RNAi of VCP (and, to a lesser extent, of certain VCP-interacting proteins) caused significant accumulation of high-molecular-weight conjugates ...
Mu Yi-Ming - - 2003
Pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG) is a proto-oncogene cloned from rat GH4 cells. This gene was able to induce cell transformation in vitro and is also associated with p53-dependent and -independent apoptosis. In this study, we cloned human PTTG (hPTTG) from a pituitary tumor and then stably transfected the hPTTG ...
Wsierska-Gadek Józefa - - 2003
It has been previously reported that a short treatment of human cervix carcinoma HeLa cells with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) induced apoptosis. We examined the action of MNNG on HeLa cells and compared it with that of cisplatin. MNNG damaged the integrity of the cell membrane and killed the cells within 3 ...
de Castro Pazos Marcelo - - 2003
The effects of Photodynamic Therapy using 2nd generation photosensitizers have been widely investigated aiming clinical application treatment of solid neoplasms. In this work, ultrastructure changes caused by the action of two 2nd generation photosensitizers and laser irradiation on CHO-K1 and HeLa (neoplastic) cells were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. Aluminum ...
Deng Kaiping - - 2003
The cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) of Haemophilus ducreyi is comprised of the CdtA, CdtB, and CdtC proteins, with the CdtB protein having demonstrated enzymatic (i.e., DNase) activity. Using a single recombinant Escherichia coli strain with two plasmids individually containing the H. ducreyi cdtA and cdtC genes, we purified a noncovalent ...
Kalvelyte Audrone - - 2003
We examined the influence of connexin (Cx) expression on the development of apoptosis in HeLa parental cells (coupling deficient cell line) and HeLa cells expressing wild-type Cx43 and Cxs fused with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). EGFP was attached to the C-terminus of Cx32 and Cx43, Cx32-EGFP and Cx43-EGFP, respectively, ...
Nakajima Miki M Division of Drug Metabolism, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Takara-machi 13-1, Kanazawa 920-0934, - - 2003
Human CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and CYP1B1 mRNAs were constitutively expressed in MCF-7 (human breast carcinoma) cells and were extensively (6-12-fold) induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). In contrast, in HeLa (human cervical adenocarcinoma) cells, CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 were induced by TCDD by up to 2-3-fold but CYP1A2 was not detected even when the ...
Majerus Elaine M - - 2003
ADAMTS13 belongs to the "a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin repeats" family, and cleaves von Willebrand factor multimers into smaller forms. For several related proteases, normal folding and enzymatic latency depend on an NH2-terminal propeptide that is removed by proteolytic processing during biosynthesis. However, the ADAMTS13 propeptide is unusually short ...
Miyamoto Yuuichi - - 2003
We investigated the effect of multiple stress waves with peak stress of less than 3 MPa on chemosensitivity of HeLa cells adhered on plastic. HeLa cells exposed to stress waves retained more than 95% of the viability found in untreated cells. The scanning electron microscopy of cells exposed to stress ...
Wang Yu-Bao - - 2003
Polyvinylpyrrolidone is a macromolecular polymer with widespread use in industry as well as in medicine for various purposes. Its effect on cells cultured in vitro, however, has not been fully investigated. To elucidate this issue, we studied the influence of PVP K-30 on cultured HeLa cells. PVP K-30 treatment produced ...
Banks G A - - 2003
Further understanding of the mechanisms involved in cellular and intracellular delivery of transgene is needed to produce clinical applications of gene therapy. The compartmental and computational model designed in this work is integrated with data from previous experiments to quantitatively estimate rate constants of plasmid translocation across cellular barriers in ...
Poritz Mark A - - 2003
Cell culture-based transdominant genetic techniques provide new methods for discovering peptide/RNA modulators of cellular pathways. We applied this technology to isolate a peptide inhibitor of human rhinovirus. A green fluorescent protein (GFP)-scaffolded library of cDNA fragments was expressed in HeLa cells from a retroviral vector and screened for inhibitors of ...
Kumagai E - - 2004
Use of combination anti-retroviral drug regimens including protease inhibitors dramatically decreased morbidity and mortality rates in HIV-1 infected individuals. However, such combination therapies appear to have many side effects, in addition to the emergence of resistant HIV-1 strains. Therefore, in this study we sought to elucidate novel therapeutic principles against ...
Tabellini Giovanna - - 2003
It is well established that the nucleus is endowed with enzymes that are involved in lipid-dependent signal transduction pathways. Diacylglycerol (DAG) is a fundamental lipid second messenger that is produced in the nucleus. Previous reports have shown that the nucleus contains diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs), i.e., the enzymes that, by converting ...
Hur Kyu C - - 2003
To address the role of gap junction hemichannels in apoptosis, the cell death induced by staurosporine (ST) was evaluated in wild type HeLa cells (HeLa-WT) and transfectants expressing either full-length connexin43 (HeLa-Cx43) or a C-terminal truncation of Cx43 (HeLa-DeltaCT). Cell death was measured with fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), both DNA ...
Anaya-Ruiz M - - 2003
Actin cytoskeleton disruption in host cells has been demonstrated for PTPases from pathogenic microorganisms. In this work, we analysed whether the secreted acid phosphatase from Entamoeba histolytica has phosphotyrosine phosphatase activity and the possibility that this activity may participate in damaging host cells. The secreted acid phosphatase of E. histolytica, ...
Namiki Shigeyuki - - 2003
Protein transduction domains (PTDs) derived from human immunodeficiency virus Tat protein and herpes simplex virus VP22 protein are useful for the delivery of non-membrane-permeating polar or large molecules into living cells. In the course of our study aiming at evaluating PTD, we unexpectedly found that the fluorescent-dye-labeled glutathione S-transferase (GST) ...
Dvorak James A - - 2003
Although Entamoeba histolytica is capable of inducing an apoptotic response in vertebrate cells in vitro (Cell. Microbiol. 2 (2000) 617), it is not known whether vertebrate cell death requires direct amoeba-vertebrate cell contact or simply the presence of amoebae in the area of the vertebrate cells. In addition, Entamoeba spp. ...
Nicola Anthony V - - 2003
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection of many cultured cells, e.g., Vero cells, can be initiated by receptor binding and pH-neutral fusion with the cell surface. Here we report that a major pathway for HSV entry into the HeLa and CHO-K1 cell lines is dependent on endocytosis and exposure to a ...
Turowski Patric - - 2003
In view of the common regulatory mechanism that induces transcription of the mitotic phosphatase cdc25C and cyclin A at the beginning of S-phase, we investigated whether cdc25C was required for S-phase transit. Here, we show that in both nontransformed human fibroblasts and HeLa cells, cdc25C protein levels significantly increased concomitant ...
Bello Rosario I - - 2003
Environmental conditions regulate the expression of different antioxidant enzymes in cell culture. We have studied the effect of cell density and hydrogen peroxide on the expression of NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase in HeLa cells. Polypeptide levels of the NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase increased about three fold in confluent HeLa cells compared to ...
Chen Honglin - - 2003
STAT3 and STAT5 are constitutively activated and nuclear in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. In normal signaling, STATs are only transiently activated. To investigate whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and in particular the protein LMP1, contributes to sustained STAT phosphorylation and activation in epithelial cells, we examined STAT activity in two sets ...
Joubert Annie M - - 2003
The effects of 20 microg/ml exogenous prostaglandin A(2) (PGA(2)) were evaluated on cell numbers in HeLa (human epithelial cervix carcinoma) and MCF-7 (human breast carcinoma) cells. In HeLa cells, PGA(2) reduced cell numbers significantly to 75% after 24 h (P < 0.05) and exposure of 48 h decreased cell numbers ...
Tominaga M - - 2003
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Although drug therapy for AIDS is available, problems such as side effects associated with drug therapy and the appearance of resistant HIV strains have arisen. Therefore, therapies based on new principles other than drug ...
Ishimi Yukio - - 2003
Minichromosome maintenance proteins (Mcm) 2-7 play essential roles in eukaryotic DNA replication. Several reports have indicated the usefulness of Mcm proteins as markers of cancer cells in histopathological diagnosis. However, their mode of expression and pathophysiological significance in cancer cells remain to be clarified. We compared the level of expression ...
Kasper Matthew R - - 2003
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Nef is a key pathogenic factor necessary for the development of AIDS. One important function of Nef is to reduce cell surface levels of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules, thereby protecting HIV-infected cells from recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. The mechanism of ...
Amexis Georgios - - 2003
To assess the risk of the de novo emergence of the agent of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in cultured cells, we examined the stability of the prion protein-encoding (PRNP) gene in HeLa cells and in cultures contaminated with HeLa cells that have been passaged extensively for over 50 years. Various sub-lineages ...
Liu Yu-Wen - - 2003
In this paper, the effects of H2O2, a typical reactive oxygen species (ROS), on cell proliferation or death were examined using the human cervical carcinoma cell line HeLa and its MDR1-overexpressing subline, Hvr100-6, which was established by stepwise exposure to vinblastine. It was confirmed that the growth of HeLa cells ...
Day James B - - 2003
Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, exports a set of virulence proteins called Yops upon contact with eukaryotic cells. A subset of these Yops is translocated directly into the cytosol of host cells. In this study, a novel protein tag-based reporter system is used to measure the translocation of ...
Brüning A - - 2003
The coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR) has become of interest for gene therapy due to its crucial function in adenoviral cell entry. In clinical trials with adenoviral vectors, dexamethasone is applied to reduce side effects such as inflammatory reactions or emesis. By using a beta-galactosidase-expressing adenovirus (AdGal), we observed that dexamethasone ...
Cristina Petrelli - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to assess whether a peptide fraction isolated from calf pineal glands has an effect on proliferation and morphology of HeLa S3 tumor cells. Under the experimental conditions adopted, the results showed that the peptide has a marked inhibitory effect on proliferation of HeLa ...
Nathanson Lubov - - 2003
It has been reported that nuclei from HeLa cells are responsible for approximately 10%-15% of total cellular protein synthesis. We show here that isolated Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and HeLa cell nuclei are essentially inactive for translation, and that the earlier results were most likely due to cytoplasmic contamination. Moreover, ...
Tyrrell Gregory J - - 2002
The interactions of group B streptococci (GBS) with HeLa cells (an epithelial cell line) and MRC-5 cells (a fibroblastic cell line) were explored. A host-cell invasion assay using GBS strains from all serotypes revealed that GBS invaded HeLa cells to a greater extent than MRC-5 cells. One strain, a serotype ...
Sales Kurt J - - 2002
Enhanced cyclooxygenase (COX) expression and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis are regarded as promoters of neoplastic cell proliferation and angiogenesis. Expression of COX-2 and synthesis of PGE2 are up-regulated in cervical carcinomas. In sexually active women, growth and invasiveness of neoplastic cervical epithelial cells may be also under the direct influence ...
Kim Yun-Sook - - 2002
Protein kinase CKII (CKII) is required for progression through the cell division cycle. We recently reported that the beta subunit of protein kinase CKII (CKIIbeta) associates with CKBBP1 that contains the Ring-H2 finger motif in the yeast two-hybrid system. We demonstrate here that the Ring-H2 finger-disrupted mutant of CKBBP1 does ...
WANG Zhao, ZHOU Jiangbing, ...
Dioscin was extracted and isolated from Polygonatum Zanlanscianense   Pamp. The effects of dioscin on HL60, HeLa, H14, and MDA-MB-435 cell lines were studied with the results showing that dioscin dramatically inhibited the growth of the MDA-MB-435, H14, HL60, and HeLa cell lines. The IC50 of dioscin on these cell ...
Wang Qingping - - 2002
We have characterized some novel caged fluorescein diphosphates as photoactivatable, cell-permeable substrates for protein tyrosine phosphatases and explored their usefulness in identifying inhibitors of tyrosine phosphatases. 1-(2-Nitrophenyl)ethyl protected fluorescein diphosphate (NPE-FDP) undergoes rapid photolysis to release FDP upon irradiation with a 450-W UV immersion lamp and its by-product does not ...
Shamsher Monee K - - 2002
Transport of macromolecules between the cell nucleus and cytoplasm occurs through the nuclear pores and is mediated by soluble carriers known as karyopherins (Kaps), transportins, importins, or exportins. We report that Kap beta2B (transportin-2) forms complexes with the mRNA export factor TAP in the presence of RanGTP, as shown by ...
Konishi Tenji - - 2002
The MeOH extract of the roots of Inula helenium showed a high inhibitory activity for cell growth against MK-1, HeLa and B16F10 cell lines. Significant activity was found in the hexane-soluble fraction. From the hexane-soluble fraction, seven sesquiterpenes, namely, one germacrane (4beta,5alpha-epoxy-1(10),11(13)-germacradiene-8,12-olide), one elemane (igalane), and five eudesmanes (alantolactone, isoalantolactone, ...
Chapman Jeannie M - - 2002
The down-regulated in adenoma (DRA) gene is significantly down-regulated in adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the colon as well as in colon cancer cell lines. It is also mutated in the disease congenital chloride diarrhea, which is characterized by loss of chloride transport and diarrhea. We now show a second function ...
Morimoto Hiroyuki - - 2002
We examined the expression and cytolocalization of the protein phosphatase type 1 delta (PP1delta) isoform and nucleolin in human osteoblastic MG63 and Saos-2 cells. Cellular fractionation of MG63 cells was done and protein was prepared from each fraction. Anti-nucleolin antibody interacted with the 100- and 95-kD proteins present in the ...
Bouvard Sophie - - 2002
HeLa cell line stably transfected with the tat gene from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 has a decreased antioxidant potential. In this work, we used this model to investigate the effect of a high glucose level (20 mM) on the glucose induced cytotoxicity and on the antioxidant system. In comparison ...
Arnberg Niklas - - 2002
Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) is a severe eye infection caused mainly by adenovirus type 8 (Ad8), Ad19, and Ad37. We have shown that the EKC-causing adenoviruses use sialic acid as a cellular receptor on A549 cells instead of the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor, which is used by most adenoviruses. Recently, Wu et al. ...
Vian Laurence - - 2002
Liverbeads, cryopreserved hepatocytes entrapped within an alginate matrix, were examined for their relevance in the comet assay. It was estimated by their capacity to activate the indirectly acting mutagens, cyclophosphamide (CP), benzo[a]pyrene (BP), dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) and 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF), into DNA reactive metabolites. The comet assay performed in alkaline condition is ...
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