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Pauwels Bea - - 2010
The combination of radiotherapy with chemotherapeutic agents that sensitize tumor cells to ionizing radiation has long been regarded as a promising strategy to enhance cancer therapy. Many chemotherapeutic agents interact with radiation and enhance the cytotoxic or anti-tumor effect of radiation through a number of mechanisms. These include an increase ...
Saito Takeshi - - 2010
Few quantitative analyses of the induction of metallothioneins (MTs) have been conducted, and there are no reports on the contribution of MTs to the protective mechanism against ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the lens. In this study, we quantitatively analyzed the induction of MTs and analyzed the resulting protective effects against ...
González Jorge E - - 2010
PURPOSE: To test the gamma-H2AX (Histone 2AX phosphorylation of serine 139) foci assay for the detection of ionising radiation-induced DNA damage in buccal exfoliated cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Buccal mucosa cells from five individuals (three females, two males, aged 26-47 years) were exposed to 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 ...
Lin Ting-Yang - - 2010
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy is an integral part of the treatment modality for head-neck cancer (HNC), but in some cases the disease is radioresistant. We designed this study to identify molecules that may be involved in this resistance. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two radioresistant sublines were established by fractionated irradiation of the HNC ...
Oh Eun-Taex - - 2010
Aurora-A, a serine/threonine kinase that is overexpressed in certain human cancer cell lines, plays an important role in mitotic progression. Aurora-A has also been reported to be involved in the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB). The purpose of the present study was to identify the role of Aurora-A ...
Shin Hye-Jin - - 2010
To examine the effect of the human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16-E6 (HPV 'early' gene) oncoprotein on in vitro radiosensitivity of HPV-negative/p53 mutant C33a cervical cancer cells. The human cervical cancer cell line C33a was stably transfected with either the HPV16 E6 cDNA cloned into the vector pcDNA3.0 (C33aE6) or the ...
Mariotti Luca - - 2010
Cell-to-cell signaling has become a significant issue in radiation biology due to experimental evidence, accumulated primarily since the early 1990s, of radiation-induced bystander effects. Several candidate mediators involved in cell-to-cell communication have been investigated and proposed as being responsible for this phenomenon, but the current investigation techniques (both theoretical and ...
Chen Jiongyu - - 2010
Celecoxib is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor with antitumor and antiangiogenic activities. To investigate the effects of celecoxib on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), HNE-1 cells were treated with celecoxib at various concentrations. MTT assay, migration assay and invasion assay were performed to observe the inhibitory activity of celecoxib on HNE-1 cells. ...
Chernikova Sophia B SB Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305-5152, - - 2010
The pathway involving Bre1-dependent monoubiquitination of histone H2B lysine 123, which leads to Dot1-dependent methylation of histone H3 lysine 79 (H3K79me2), has been implicated in survival after exposure to ionizing radiation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that depletion of mammalian homologs of Bre1 compromises the response to ionizing radiation, leading ...
Takahashi Akihisa - - 2010
PURPOSE: It has been reported that priming irradiation or conditioning irradiation with a low dose of X-rays in the range of 0.02-0.1 Gy induces a p53-dependent adaptive response in mammalian cells. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of space radiations on the adaptive response. METHODS ...
Tian Zedan - - 2010
The present study aims to investigate the possible mechanisms of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) enhancing the cytotoxicity of ultrasound in osteosarcoma cells. Osteosarcoma cell line UMR-106 was treated by HMME and ultrasound radiation, with the HMME concentration kept at 20 μg/mL and ultrasound radiation for 10 seconds at the intensity ...
Zhang Yong - - 2010
To test the radiosensitising effects of a tumour-suppressor gene, phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted from chromosome 10 (PTEN), in hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCC). Radiation-induced wild-type PTEN or mutant PTEN was transfected into the SMMC-7721 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. The expressions of PTEN and serine/threonine protein kinase (Akt) were detected by ...
Caiozzo Vincent J VJ Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, USA. - - 2010
Skeletal muscles are the organ of movement, and their growth, regeneration and maintenance are dependent in large part on a population of myogenic stem cells known as satellite cells. Skeletal muscles and these resident myogenic stem cells (i.e., satellite cells) are commonly exposed to significant doses of radiation during diagnostic ...
Chen Wen-Shu - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether fisetin is a potential radiosensitizer for human colorectal cancer cells, which are relatively resistant to radiotherapy. Cell survival was examined by clonogenic survival assay, and DNA fragmentation was assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay. The effects of ...
Krueger Sarah A SA Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073, - - 2010
An association between low-dose hyper-radiosensitivity (HRS) and the "early" G2/M checkpoint has been established. An improved molecular understanding of the temporal dynamics of this relationship is needed before clinical translation can be considered. This study was conducted to characterize the dose response of the early G2/M checkpoint and then determine ...
Pinto Massimo M Department of Radiology, Division of Radiation Research, UMDNJ - New Jersey Medical School Cancer Center, Newark, New Jersey 07103, - - 2010
The study of radiation-induced bystander effects in normal human cells maintained in three-dimensional (3D) architecture provides more in vivo-like conditions and is relevant to human risk assessment. Linear energy transfer, dose and dose rate have been considered as critical factors in propagating radiation-induced effects. This investigation uses an in vitro ...
Mao Frances J FJ Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7705, - - 2010
Loss-of-function mutations in the human RecQ helicase genes WRN and BLM respectively cause the genetic instability/cancer predisposition syndromes Werner syndrome and Bloom syndrome. To identify common and unique functions of WRN and BLM, we systematically analyzed cell proliferation, cell survival, and genomic damage in isogenic cell lines depleted of WRN, ...
Brown J A L - - 2010
Microcephalin (MCPH1/BRIT1) is a potential tumour suppressor that localizes to the centrosome, forms ionizing radiation-induced nuclear foci (IRIF) and is involved in the DNA damage checkpoints that ensure genome stability. Here, we report the impact of Mcph1 disruption in the hyper-recombinogenic DT40 cell line. Mcph1(-/-) cells were viable and proliferated ...
Khan Zakir - - 2010
Oxaliplatin is integrated in treatment strategies against a variety of cancers including radiation protocols. Herein, as a new strategy we tested feasibility and rationale of oxaliplatin in combination with radiation to control proliferation of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and discussed survivin-related signaling and apoptosis induction. Cytotoxicity ...
Hung Shih-Kai - - 2010
PURPOSE: Increasing the sensitivity of tumor cells to radiation is a major goal of radiotherapy. The present study investigated the radiosensitizing effects of andrographolide and examined the molecular mechanisms of andrographolide-mediated radiosensitization. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An H-ras-transformed rat kidney epithelial (RK3E) cell line was used to measure the radiosensitizing effects ...
Singh Anju A Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2010
Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), a redox-sensitive transcription factor, regulates the expression of antioxidant enzymes and several anti-apoptotic proteins, which confer cytoprotection against oxidative stress and apoptosis. Constitutive activation of Nrf2 in lung cancer cells promotes tumorigenicity and contributes to chemoresistance by upregulation of glutathione, thioredoxin, and the ...
Kim Jae-Sung - - 2010
The nature of the molecules underlying the radioresistance phenotype of laryngeal cancer cells remains to be established. We initially generated radioresistant laryngeal cancer cell lines from human HEp-2 cells with fractionated radiation. These RR-HEp-2 cells and isolated clones displayed more radioresistant and anti-apoptotic phenotypes than parental HEp-2 cells after radiation. ...
Wassmann Marko - - 2010
In a precursory study for the space experiment ADAPT ("Molecular adaptation strategies of microorganisms to different space and planetary UV climate conditions"), cells of Bacillus subtilis 168 were continuously cultured for 700 generations under periodic polychromatic UV irradiation (200-400 nm) to model the suggested UV radiation environment on early Earth ...
Ryu Kazuteru - - 2010
Antitumour effects of third-generation bisphosphonates (BPs), such as zoledronic acid (ZOL), and the combined effects of ZOL with other anticancer agents against osteosarcoma cells have been reported previously. The aim of this study was to identify further combined antitumour effects using BPs and radiation in osteosarcoma cell lines. MATERIALS AND ...
Ruan Lin - - 2010
Raf kinase inhibitory protein (RKIP) is a metastasis suppressor whose expression is reduced in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues and is absent in NPC metastases. To investigate the effect of RKIP on radiosensitivity of NPC, high metastatic 5-8F with low RKIP expression and non-metastatic 6-10B with high RKIP expression were stably ...
Schettino Giuseppe G Centre Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK. - - 2010
Despite the increasing concern about the effect of doses below 0.5 Gy and non-targeted exposures of ionising radiation on living organisms, the majority of radiobiological studies are conducted using in vitro cell lines. In order to be able to extrapolate the in vitro results to in vivo models with confidence, ...
Kobayashi Kouichi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cancer immunotherapy with NKT cells is a potential new treatment strategy for advanced head and neck cancer. NKT cell therapy is promising due to its unique anti-tumor activity and higher degree of safety compared to current therapies. Radiotherapy is indispensable as a standard treatment for advanced head and neck ...
Theriot Corey A - - 2010
In this study, the ability of the C(60) fullerene derivative DF-1 to protect radiosensitive cells from the effects of high doses of gamma irradiation was examined. Earlier reports of DF-1's lack of toxicity in these cells were confirmed, and DF-1 was also observed to protect both human lymphocytes and rat ...
Blattmann Claudia - - 2010
PURPOSE: Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) can enhance the sensitivity of cells to photon radiation treatment (XRT) by altering numerous molecular pathways. We investigated the effect of pan-HDACIs such as suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) on radiation response in two osteosarcoma (OS) and two rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) cell lines. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clonogenic ...
Baluchamy Sudhakar - - 2010
Radiation affects several cellular and molecular processes, including double strand breakage and modifications of sugar moieties and bases. In outer space, protons are the primary radiation source that poses a range of potential health risks to astronauts. On the other hand, the use of proton irradiation for tumor radiation therapy ...
Kim E-H - - 2010
Epigenetic regulation by CpG methylation has an important role in tumorigenesis as well as in the response to cancer therapy. To analyze the mechanism of epigenetic control of radiosensitivity, the CpG methylation profiles of radiosensitive H460 and radioresistant H1299 human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines were analyzed using ...
Xia Shu - - 2010
Activation of Akt, or protein kinase B, is frequently observed in human cancers. It has been demonstrated that PI3K activation leads to radiation resistance. Here, the role of PI3K/Akt/COX-2 pathway in the resistance to radiation in human cervical cancer HeLa cells is explored. Cultured HeLa cells were randomly assigned to ...
Zhang Min - - 2010
p21-activated kinase 6 (PAK6) is a serine/threonine kinase belonging to the p21-activated kinase (PAK) family. We investigated the role of PAK6 in radiation-induced cell death in human prostate cancer cells. We used a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) strategy to stably knock down PAK6 in PC3 and DU145 cells. Radiation sensitivities ...
Ebert Martin A - - 2010
A mathematical model for fractional tumor cell survival was developed incorporating components of cell killing due to direct radiation interactions and bystander signals resulting from non-local dose deposition. Three possible mechanisms for signal production were tested by fitting predictions to available experimental results for tumor cells (non-small cell lung cancer ...
Chavdoula Evangelia D - - 2010
In the present study we used a 6-min daily exposure of dipteran flies, Drosophila melanogaster, to GSM-900MHz (Global System for Mobile Telecommunications) mobile phone electromagnetic radiation (EMR), to compare the effects between the continuous and four different intermittent exposures of 6min total duration, and also to test whether intermittent exposure ...
Yu Xiaoyan X Department of Radiation Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2010
Checkpoint activation benefits DNA homologous recombination repair and therefore protects cells from ionizing radiation (IR)-induced killing. CHK1 is one of the most important checkpoint regulators in mammalian cells. We recently reported that matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein/osteoblast factor 45 (MEPE/OF45) stabilizes CHK1 through interacting with CHK1, thus protecting cells from IR-induced killing. ...
Varghese Rency S - - 2010
Recent advances in mass spectrometry-based metabolomics have created the potential to measure the levels of hundreds of metabolites that are the end products of cellular regulatory processes. In this study, we investigate the metabolic changes in genetically engineered cell lines in response to radiation exposure. "Shrinkage t" statistic and partial ...
Yu Y - - 2010
Because of the increased use of modern radiofrequency devices, public concern about the possible health effects of exposure to microwave radiation has arisen in many countries. It is well established that high-power microwave radiation can induce cataracts via its thermal effects. It remains unclear whether low-power microwave radiation, especially at ...
Bobola Michael S - - 2010
Concurrent treatment with the methylating agent temozolomide during radiotherapy has yielded the first significant improvement in the survival of adult glioblastomas (GBM) in the last three decades. However, improved survival is observed in a minority of patients, most frequently those whose tumors display CpG methylation of the O(6)-methylguanine (O(6)-meG)-DNA methyltransferase ...
Furuse Satori - - 2010
This study was designed to determine the effect of the treatment schedule on the interaction between docetaxel and irradiation. Human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells with different p53 status, and HSC4 (p53 wild-type) and CAL27 (p53 mutant type) cells were treated with docetaxel and irradiation using three ...
Bertollo Caryne Margotto - - 2010
The characterization of new cell lines is an important tool to understand the biological processes involved in cancer treatments. In the present study, we used two newly established epithelial human breast cancer cell lines from primary sites MACL-1 and MGSO-3 and compared their susceptibility to the treatment with ionizing radiation ...
Jaal Jana - - 2010
This study was designed to determine changes in cell numbers, proliferation (using Ki-67) and EGFR expression in mouse bladder urothelium during the early and late radiation response. Groups of mice were irradiated with a single dose of 20 Gy and assayed 0-360 days later. Urothelial cells were counted. After immunohistochemistry, ...
Hofstetter Barbara - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of demethylation with 5-aza-cytidine (AZA) on radiation sensitivity and to define the intrinsic radiation sensitivity of methylation deficient colorectal carcinoma cells. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Radiation sensitizing effects of AZA were investigated in four colorectal carcinoma cell lines (HCT116, SW480, L174 T, Co115), defining influence of ...
Basse B - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Tumour cells respond to ionizing radiation by cycle arrest, cell death or repair and possible regrowth. We have developed a dynamic mathematical model of the cell cycle to incorporate transition probabilities for entry into DNA replication and mitosis. In this study, we used the model to analyse effects of ...
Qu Yaming - - 2010
Failure to control nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) is mainly due to a portion of radioresistant phenotype. Identifying gene targets for radiosensitization is an important strategy in improving anticancer treatments. Exposure of cells to ionizing radiation leads to the formation of reactive oxygen species that are associated with radiation-induced cellular apoptosis and ...
Chiu Shu-Jun - - 2010
Combined-modality treatment has improved the outcome in cases of various solid tumors, and radiosensitizers are used to enhance the radiotherapeutic efficiency. Rosiglitazone, a synthetic ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma used in the treatment of type-2 diabetes, has been shown to reduce tumor growth and metastasis in human cancer cells, ...
Lau Patrick - - 2010
Radiation response of bone cells, especially the bone-forming osteoblasts, is an important issue for radiotherapy in young age. A radiation-induced cell cycle arrest may enhance or accelerate osteoblastic differentiation. To analyze radiation response of osteoblastic cells, the correlation between DNA double-strand break induction (DSB), cell cycle alterations and gene expression ...
Guijin He - - 2011
To investigate the effect of (103)Pd radioactive stent on Caspase-9, cholangiocarcinoma cell growth and its radiosensitivity. Cholangiocarcinoma was treated with (103)Pd radioactive stent at different period. Radiosensitivity of the cells was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method. Apoptosis of cholangiocarcinoma cells was detected by immunohistochemistry and electron microscope. The ...
Trémezaygues Lea - - 2010
We investigated the capacity of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) to protect spontaneously immortalized human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cells (SCL-1) against the hazardous effects of ionizing radiation (IR). We pretreated HaCaT and SCL-1 cells in vitro with 1,25(OH)2D3 (10(-7) M) over 48 h and then irradiated them once ...
Gavrilov Vladimir - - 2010
Radiotherapy is one of the curative treatment options for prostate cancer (PCa). However, effective doses of ionizing radiation (IR) have a high risk of side effects. To increase sensitivity of PCa to IR we pretreated human androgen-refractory DU145 PCa cells with a combination of sodium valproate (VPA), a well-tolerated drug ...
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