Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1999
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Natarajan Adayapalam T - - 2008
In order to evaluate the relative role of two major DNA double strand break repair pathways, i.e., non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination repair (HRR), CHO mutants deficient in these two pathways and the parental cells (AA8) were X-irradiated with various doses. The cells were harvested at different times ...
Thomas Charles - - 2008
PURPOSE: To ask whether highly metastatic sublines show more marked low-dose hyper-radiosensitivity (HRS) response than poorly metastatic ones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The progressive (PRO) subline showing tumourigenicity and metastatic potential and the regressive (REG) subline showing neither tumourigenicity nor metastatic potential were both isolated from a parental rat colon tumour. ...
Matsubara Akio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to investigate the radiosensitizing effects of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2IIIb (FGFR2IIIb) in androgen-independent human prostate carcinoma PC-3 cells devoid of normally resident epithelial cell FGFR2IIIb. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clonal line of PC-3 cells expressing FGFR2IIIb was established by stable transfection. Clonogenic cell survival, ...
Kuchimaru Takahiro - - 2008
To identify individual cells exposed to a X-ray microbeam in a cell population, we developed a biocompatible microchamber-array chip using UV lithography of photopolymer SU-8. The center-to-center distance between microchambers is 50 mum including a wall of 15 mum height. Using the microchamber-array chip, we performed tracking of individual exposed ...
Katz J - - 2008
We studied the effects of isoflavones and irradiation on cell cycle in a human salivary gland cell line (HSG). Genistein and a soy isoflavone conjugate (NS) inhibited DNA synthesis. Cells deconjugated the glucoside form of isoflavones in NS to the aglycones genistein and daidzein. NS, genistein and IR increased phosphorylation ...
Folkard Melvyn - - 2009
The micro-irradiation technique continues to be highly relevant to a number of radiobiological studies in vitro. In particular, studies of the bystander effect show that direct damage to cells is not the only trigger for radiation-induced effects, but that unirradiated cells can also respond to signals from irradiated neighbours. Furthermore, ...
Sak A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study is to evaluate the effect of separase depletion on cell cycle progression of irradiated and non-irradiated cells through the G(2)/M phases and consecutive cell survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Separase was depleted with siRNA in two human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell lines. Cell cycle progression, mitotic ...
Kim S-Y - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate the microbicidal mechanisms of high-power microwave (2.0 kW) irradiation on Bacillus subtilis and to determine the effect of this procedure on the ultrastructure of the cell wall. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed viability test, examined cells using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and measured the release of intracellular ...
Holzapfel Korbinian - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Choline positron emission tomography (PET) can help to optimize radiation treatment strategy of prostate cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of ionizing radiation on the choline uptake in an androgen-dependent (LNCaP) and an androgen-independent (PC3) prostate cancer cell line. MATERIAL AND ...
Miyoshi Takashi - - 2008
To evaluate the feasibility of two kinds of pterin derivatives, 2-(N,N-dimethylaminomethyleneamino)-6-formyl-3-pivaloylpteridin-4-one (DFP) and 2-(N,N-dimethylaminomethyleneamino)-3-pivaloylpteridin-4-one (DP), as anticancer drugs, their photodynamic and non-photodynamic effects on pancreatic cancer cell line Panc-1 cells were examined. For photodynamic effects, cell death 48 h after UV-A irradiation was more prominent in cells preloaded with DP ...
Pant Kamala - - 2008
The Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell transformation assay has traditionally been conducted with a feeder layer of X-ray irradiated cells to provide growth support to the target cells seeded in low numbers. The feeder layer of cells consists of X-ray irradiated cells which are still viable but unable to replicate. ...
Huang Haomin - - 2008
X-irradiation-induced DNA damage perturbs the G(1), S, and G(2) phases of the cell cycle. The behavior of cells after they have experienced a DNA damage checkpoint delay is poorly characterized. We therefore examined the fates of irradiated tumor cells that have overcome a prolonged G(2) checkpoint delay. Most irradiated cells ...
Jańczyk Agnieszka - - 2008
Phototoxicity of titanium dioxide modified with platinum(IV)-chloride complexes, [TiO2/PtCl4], irradiated with visible light was tested on murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) in vitro. Presence of antioxidants such as alpha-tocopherol or beta-carotene during photodynamic treatment significantly increased cells viability. Our results indicate that observed cell death induced by [TiO2/PtCl4] was ...
Wang Jufang - - 2008
To investigate the influence of fractionation on cell survival and radiation induced premature differentiation as markers for early and late effects after X-rays and carbon irradiation. Normal human fibroblasts NHDF, AG1522B and WI-38 were irradiated with 250 kV X-rays, or 266 MeV/u, 195 MeV/u and 11 MeV/u carbon ions. Cytotoxicity ...
Iwakawa Mayumi - - 2008
Evidence has accumulated that ionizing radiation induces biological effects in non-irradiated bystander cells having received signals from directly irradiated cells; however, energetic heavy ion-induced bystander response is incompletely characterized. Here we performed microarray analysis of irradiated and bystander fibroblasts in confluent cultures. To see the effects in bystander cells, each ...
Pirev Elvis - - 2008
Changes of the redox balance in cells alter the availability of intracellular free Zn(2+). Here, cells were exposed to ultraviolet (UV)-A, UV-B, or infrared (IR)-A light irradiation, and the intracellular free zinc pool was monitored. Under sublethal conditions only UV-A irradiation resulted in a transient cytoplasmic and nuclear increase of ...
Matsuu-Matsuyama Mutsumi - - 2008
Polaprezinc, an anti-ulcer drug, is a chelate compound consisting of zinc and L-carnosine. Polaprezinc has been shown to prevent gastric mucosal injury. The anti ulcer effects of polaprezinc have been ascribed to its antioxidative property. The effect of polaprezinc on ionizing radiation-induced apoptosis was studied in the jejunal epithelial crypt ...
Takahashi Akihisa - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to characterize the radioadaptive response at the molecular level. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used wild-type (wt) p53 and mutated (m) p53-containing cells derived from the human lung cancer H1299 cell line, which is p53-null. Cellular radiation sensitivities were determined with a colony-forming assay. ...
Dahle Jostein - - 2008
7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanine (8-oxoG) is a mutagenic DNA lesion that is induced by ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation. 8-oxoG results in increased frequency of GC-->TA transversion mutations. UVA-induced mutant frequency was measured in the guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (gpt) gene of Chinese hamster ovary cells (AS52) that were stably transfected to overexpress the hOGG1 ...
Lu Jun - - 2008
To find novel proteins involved in radio-resistance of human cells, we searched for nuclear proteins, whose expression levels alter after X-ray irradiation in HeLa cells, using agarose fluorescent two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis following mass spectrometry. We identified 6 proteins, whose levels were increased in nuclei 24h after irradiation at 5Gy, ...
McNally Kristin - - 2008
Translesion synthesis (TLS) refers to mechanisms by which specialized DNA polymerases incorporate nucleotides opposite fork-blocking lesions and extend replication until standard replicative polymerases take over. The first eukaryotic TLS polymerase discovered, S. cerevisiae Polzeta, consists of catalytic subunit Rev3 and non-catalytic subunit Rev7. Human homologs of these two proteins have ...
Novikova N S - - 2008
A morphometric analysis of hypothalamic cells containing c-Fos-like protein detected by an indirect immunoperoxidase method was carried out to clarify the responses to movement restriction and skin electromagnetic high frequency (EHF) irradiation (7.1mm, 42.2GHz, 20mW output power) simultaneously to three acupuncture projection areas. The morphometry of c-Fos-protein positive neurons by ...
Jimbo Ryo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previously, we reported that anodized porous titanium implants have photocatalytic hydrophilicity. However, this effect was not always sufficient for the significant improvement of bone apposition. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to improve the photocatalytic properties of porous titanium implants by the fluoride modification of the anodized titanium ...
Apel Anja - - 2008
Autophagy or "self eating" is frequently activated in tumor cells treated with chemotherapy or irradiation. Whether autophagy represents a survival mechanism or rather contributes to cell death remains controversial. To address this issue, the role of autophagy in radiosensitive and radioresistant human cancer cell lines in response to gamma-irradiation was ...
Duan Xin - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of exogenous wild type p53 (Tp53) on murine melanoma B16 cell apoptosis induced by carbon-ion beam (C-beam) irradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The murine cell line B16, which has wild-type Tp53 gene status was studied, as well as B16 cells transfected with an adenoviral vector containing ...
Stap Jan - - 2008
Understanding how cells maintain genome integrity when challenged with DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is of major importance, particularly since the discovery of multiple links of DSBs with genome instability and cancer-predisposition disorders. Ionizing radiation is the agent of choice to produce DSBs in cells; however, targeting DSBs and monitoring changes ...
Salmon Adam B - - 2008
Fibroblasts isolated from long-lived hypopituitary dwarf mice are resistant to many cell stresses, including ultraviolet (UV) light and methyl methane sulfonate (MMS), which induce cell death by producing DNA damage. Here we report that cells from Snell dwarf mice recover more rapidly than controls from the inhibition of RNA synthesis ...
Bogdanović Visnja - - 2008
Radiotherapy-induced toxicity is a major dose-limiting factor in anti-cancer treatment. Ionizing radiation leads to the formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) that are associated with radiation-induced cell death. Investigations of biological effects of fullerenol have provided evidence for its ROS/RNS scavenger properties in vitro and radioprotective efficiency in ...
Oishi Takuma - - 2008
Histological analyses of glioblastoma cells after carbon-ion exposure are still limited and ultrastructural characteristics have not been investigated in detail. Here we report the results of morphological and morphometric analyses of a human glioblastoma cell line, CGNH-89, after ionizing radiation to characterize the effect of a carbon-beam on glioblastoma cells. ...
Herrlich Peter - - 2008
Like their prokaryotic counterparts, mammalian cells can sense light, especially in the ultraviolet (UV) range of the spectrum. After UV exposure, cells mount an elaborate response--called the UV response--that mimics physiological signaling responses except that it targets multiple pathways, thereby lacking the defined specificity of receptor-triggered signal transduction. Despite many ...
Rezácová Martina - - 2008
Mutations in NBS1 gene are related to higher occurrence of malignancies. In this work we studied response of T-lymphocyte leukemia cells MOLT-4 to ionizing radiation. We detected IRIF (ionizing radiation forming foci) containing histone gammaH2A.X, protein 53BP1, and Nbs1, which were formed around double-strand breaks of DNA. We found dose-dependent ...
Rostek C - - 2008
Protection from chronic exposure to cosmic radiation, which is primarily composed of protons, in future manned missions to Mars and beyond is considered to be a key unresolved issue. To model the effects of cosmic radiation on a living cell, we used Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells harboring various deletions of DNA ...
David Ran - - 2008
Regeneration of the salivary glands' (SGs) normal function for patients with cancer of the head and neck treated with irradiation would be a major contribution to their quality of life. This could be accomplished by re-implantation of autologous SG cells into the residual irradiated tissue or by implantation of tissue-engineered ...
Ryan Lorna A - - 2008
While nontargeted and low-dose effects such as the bystander effect are now accepted, the mechanisms underlying the response have yet to be elucidated. It has been shown that the transfer of irradiated cell conditioned medium (ICCM) can kill cells that are not directly irradiated; however, to date the effect of ...
Vines Alice M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Radiation-induced bystander effects are now an established phenomenon seen in numerous models; however it is not known whether the magnitude of the bystander effect is determined by the signal produced by the irradiated cells or the response of the exposed cells. The aim of this investigation is to determine ...
Park Kun - - 2008
Resveratrol, a polyphenol present in grapes and red wine, exerts wide biological properties including antioxidant, chemoprevention and cardioprotective effects. It was recently reported that resveratrol attenuates the oxidative DNA damage in neuronal cells. However, whether resveratrol attenuates the UVB-induced cell death in skin still remains largely unknown. In this study, ...
Gong Feng - - 2008
Mammalian cells exhibit complex cellular responses to DNA damage, including cell cycle arrest, DNA repair and apoptosis. Defects in any one of these responses can result in carcinogenesis. Absence of the chromatin remodeling complex Swi/Snf is found in many instances of cancer, and we have investigated its role in the ...
Maeda Munetoshi - - 2008
This study aims at elucidating the cellular responses induced by energy deposition in the cell nucleus or cytoplasm in the low-dose (< 1 Gy) region. We compared the survival fraction of V79 cells irradiated with X-ray microbeams of different sizes. Entire cells or cell nuclei were targeted with 5.35 keV ...
Groeneveld E - - 2008
A protocol was developed for collection and storage of somatic cell samples under adverse conditions with little infrastructure, for somatic-cell banks as a backup for endangered livestock breeds. The procedure, which is uniform across species, includes sample collection with ear taggers with an integrated tag/vial system, and recording of global ...
Wang F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A mouse model of combined UVA/riboflavin irradiation to eliminate stromal cells and other antigen-presenting cells in the cornea provides the basis for a probably low risk of corneal transplantation. METHODS: After abrasion of the epithelium, the central corneas of mouse eyes were treated with UVA/riboflavin in vitro. Histological studies ...
Stein Elisabeth - - 2008
Low-level laser therapy is a clinically well established tool for enhancement of wound healing. In vitro studies have also shown that low level laser therapy has a biostimulatory effect on cells of different origin. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the initial effect of low-level laser ...
Benko Szilvia - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the transcription pattern of Nod-like receptors (NLRs) and inflammasome components (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD [ASC], CARD inhibitor of NFkB-activating ligands [Cardinal], and caspase-1) in human corneal epithelial cells obtained from healthy individuals undergoing photorefractive keratectomy and in immortalized human corneal epithelial cells (HCE-T). METHODS: Human ...
Rezacova M - - 2008
Valproic acid (VA) possesses anticonvulsant as well as anticancer properties of histondeacetylases inhibitor. Incubation of human promyelocytic leukemia cells HL-60 with VA leads to acetylation of nuclear histones H3 and H4. Using 2 mmol/l concentration we proved the expression of protein p21, which relates to the arrest of cell proliferation ...
Ibuki Yuko - - 2008
Apoptosis is an important cell death system that deletes damaged and mutated cells to prevent cancer. We have previously reported that a certain dose of UVB irradiation inhibited the apoptosis induced by serum starvation and cell detachment, leading to cell transformation. This antiapoptotic effect was partially inhibited by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase ...
Schwarz Silke B - - 2008
The shape of the dose-response curve at low doses differs from the linear quadratic model. The effect of a radio-adaptive response is the centre of many studies and well known inspite that the clinical applications are still rarely considered. We studied the effect of a low-dose pre-irradiation (0.03 Gy - ...
Inoue Shigeki - - 2008
The increasing use of mobile phone communication has raised concerns about possible health hazard effects of microwave irradiation. We investigated damage and differentiation caused by microwave irradiation on drug-hypersensitive PC12 cell line (PC12m3). These cells showed enhancement of neurite outgrowth to various stimulants. The frequency of neurite outgrowth induced by ...
Gomes Anderson J - - 2008
The NO donor trans-[Ru(NO)(NH(3))(4)(py)](BF(4))(3).H(2)O (py=pyridine) was loaded into poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) microparticles using the double emulsification technique. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and dynamic light scattering revealed that the particles are spherical in shape, have a diameter of 1600nm, and have low tendency to aggregate. The entrapment efficiency was 25%. SEM ...
Biesemeier Antje - - 2008
To investigate the effects of zinc supplementation on human amelanotic (ARPE-19) and native pigmented retinal pigment epithelial cells (hRPE) under normal light conditions and after ultraviolet A light exposure. hRPE cells, containing both melanin and lipofuscin granules, were prepared from human donor eyes of 60-70 year old patients. Cells of ...
Klaver, A.
Solar cells are the prime power supply for satellites in space. Space is, however, a hostile environment for electronic devices, such as solar cells: in space the devices are subjected to large temperature cycles, atomic oxygen, space dust, meteorites, and high-energy charged-particle irradiation. In this thesis we present the development ...
Sun Xin-Chen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of tetrandrine (Tet) to enhance the sensitivity to irradiation and its mechanism in cell lines of human breast cancer p53-mutant MCF-7/ADR, p53-wild-type MCF-7 and human colon carcinoma p53-mutant HT-29 as well as in C26 colorectal carcinoma-bearing BALB/c mice. METHODS: MCF-7/ADR, HT-29 and MCF-7 cells were ...
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